Cobra Electronics Mrf 80b User Manual

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Owner’s Manual

480-345P

 

No.

MR F80B

inPrintedChina Part

 

VHF MARINE RADIO

Our Thanks to you and Customer Assistance

Introduction

Thank you for purchasing a CobraMarine® VHF radio. Properly used, this Cobra® product will give you many years of reliable service.

How Your CobraMarine VHF Radio Works

This radio is a VHF transceiver for fixed mounting on your boat. It gives you 2-way vessel-to-vessel and vessel-to-shore station communications, primarily for safety and secondarily for navigation and operational purposes. With it, you can call for help, get information from other boaters, talk to lock or bridge tenders and make radiotelephone calls to anywhere in the world through a marine operator.

Besides 2-way communications, in the U.S.A., the radio can provide quick access to receive all NOAA (National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration), including two Canadian weather channels for alerting you to

weather emergencies with a tone on a weather channel you can select for your area.

Customer Assistance

Customer Assistance

Should you encounter any problems with this product, or not understand its many features, please refer to this owner’s manual. If you require further assistance after reading this manual, Cobra Electronics offers the following customer assistance services:

For Assistance in the U.S.A.

Automated Help Desk English only.

24 hours a day, seven (7) days a week 773-889-3087 (phone).

Customer Assistance Operators English and Spanish.

8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Central Time Mon. through Fri. (except holidays) 773-889-3087 (phone).

Questions English and Spanish.

Faxes can be received at 773-622-2269 (fax).

Technical Assistance English only.

www.cobra.com (online: Frequently Asked Questions). English and Spanish. productinfo@cobra.com (e-mail).

For Assistance Outside the U.S.A.

Contact Your Local Dealer

©2007 Cobra Electronics Corporation™

6500 West Cortland Street

Chicago, Illinois 60707 USA

www.cobra.com

®

A1 English

Nothing Comes Close to a Cobra

 

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Transceiver Controls,

 

Indicators and Connections

Introduction

 

 

Speaker

Local

Rewind

LCD

Mode

Button

Screen

Button

 

 

 

Squelch

Power

Knob

HI/LO

Power

Button

Channel

Instant

16/9 Button

 

 

 

 

Channel

 

DSC Distress

 

 

Weather/Enter Preset

Tri-Watch

Button (Behind Call/Setup

Button

(Function)

Button

Red Spring

 

Button

 

Buttons

 

Loaded Cover)

Public

 

 

Memory Scan/

 

 

 

 

Memory Clear

 

 

Address/

 

 

 

 

Button

 

 

Escape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NMEA and

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary I/O

 

 

 

 

 

Connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

 

 

Connection

Antenna

Socket

 

Product Features

Introduction

 

 

Product Features

Dual Power HI/LO

Memory Scan

Selectable to 1 or 25 watts output power

Lets you scan through all selected

for near or distant calling.

memory channels to find conversations

USA/International/Canada Channels

in progress.

 

Allows operation on any of the three (3)

Tri-Watch

different channel maps established for

Lets you monitor three (3) channels

these areas.

at once — Channel 16, Channel 9 and

All NOAA Weather Channels

one (1) user selectable channel.

 

Instant access to all of the National Weather Channels, 24 hours a day.

Emergency Weather Alert with SAME

Can alert you with an audible

tone and visual alarm if threatening weather is nearby. The SAME alerts provide you with additional alerts for specific local areas.

Instant Channel 16/9

Instant access to the priority Channel 16 and calling Channel 9.

Digital Selective Calling (DSC)

Allows sending a distress message at the touch of a button as well as specific station-to-station calls.

Cobra Exclusive Rewind-Say-Again™ Digital Voice Recorder

A dedicated button allows user to replay up to the last 20 seconds of audio. Press the dedicated rewind button and Cobra VHF will replay the last 20

seconds of the audio from your VHF.

PA (Public Address)

Allows operator instant access to public address system by pressing button.

Noise Canceling Microphone

Blocks background noise to let your voice be heard at the receiving station.

Controls on the Microphone

Handy control buttons on the microphone/speaker let you operate onehanded at a distance from the radio.

Illuminated Buttons

Helps you quickly find the buttons you need in low light conditions.

Digital Selective Calling (DSC Class-D)

Allows the ability to maintain a listening watch on VHF Channel 16 while simultaneously monitoring Channel 70 for DSC calls. Allows sending a distress message at the touch of a button as well as specific station-to-station calls. Radio utilizes two (2) built-in encoders (receivers).

Mounting Kits (Included)

Radio can be mounted on, under or in almost any flat surface using one of the included brackets.

A2 English

A3 English

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Microphone/Speaker and

 

Product Features (continued)

Introduction

 

 

 

Product Features

 

Waterproof

 

NMEA Port for GPS, Chartplotter and

Submersible to 3.28 ft (1 m) of water

DSC Interfacing

for 30 minutes — meets JIS7

The NMEA “IN” input in this radio will

Standards.

receive GPS position information from all

Local Mode

GPS devices (e.g., Chartplotters, GPS

sensors) sending out their position

A dedicated button that allows user to

information using the standard NMEA

lower unnecessary noise interference

0183 protocol. This position information

from random RF noise in highly

from the GPS is then sent by the MR F80

populated areas.

when sending out DSC emergency

Distress Call Button

transmissions. This unit also has an

NMEA “OUT” output. This allows the

 

 

Allows sending a distress message at the

radio to send out position information

touch of a button as well as specific

received from other VHF radio units. This

station-to-station calls.

enables position polling and other

advanced integration.

 

Microphone/Speaker with Auxiliary Controls

Function

Call/Setup

(F1/F2)

Button

Enter

Push to

Button

 

Talk

 

(PTT)

Microphone

Button

 

Down

Up

Button

Button

 

 

Instant

 

Channel

 

16/9 Button

Up/Down Buttons

Can be used instead of those on the transceiver.

Instant Channel 16/9 Button

Can be used instead of the one on the transceiver.

Function Button

Allows the user to “toggle” between selected working channel and favorite “PreSet” channels to access your most frequently used channels directly from the microphone.

Backlit LCD (Liquid Crystal

Display) Screen

Introduction

Backlit LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) Screen

Weather

 

Alert

LOCAL ON

Call Log

SAME Alert Icons

Icon

 

 

Icon

 

Sensitivity

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

 

 

Active

 

Channel

Radio Status

Number

 

and Data

 

Display Fields

Extended

 

Channel Number

 

Alpha

 

Designators

A4 English

A5 English

 

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Table Of Contents

Introduction

Introduction

Our Thanks to You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A1 Transceiver Controls, Indicators and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A2 Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 Microphone/Speaker with Auxiliary Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A4 Backlit LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A5 Important Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Recommendations for Marine Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

FCC Licensing Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

VHF Marine Radio Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Voice Calling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Digital Selective Calling (DSC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Radiotelephone Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Emergency Messages Distress Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Marine Distress Procedure – DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

VHF Marine Channel Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

NOAA Weather Channels and Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

World City Time Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Installation and Start-Up

Included in this Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Mounting and Powering the Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Antenna Requirements and Attachment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 External Devices and Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Operating Your Radio

Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Setup Mode Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Special Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Voice Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 NOAA All Hazards/Weather Radio and Alert, w/SAME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Advanced Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Digital Select Calling (DSC) SetUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Digital Select Calling (DSC) Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Warranty and Trademark

Limited 3-Year Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Trademark Acknowledgement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78

Customer Service

Product Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Flush Mount Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

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Important Safety Information

Introduction

Important Safety Information

Before installing and using your CobraMarine VHF radio, please read these general precautions and warnings.

Warning and Notice Statements

To make the most of this radio, it must be installed and used properly. Please read the installation and operating instructions carefully before

installing and using the radio. Special attention must be paid to the WARNING and NOTICE statements in this manual.

WARNING

Statements identify conditions that could result in personal injury or loss of life.

NOTICE

Statements identify conditions that could cause damage to the radio or other equipment.

Safety Training Information

This CobraMarine® radio is designed for, and classified as, “Occupational Use Only.” The radio must only be used in the course of employment by individuals aware of both the hazards and the ways to minimize those hazards. This radio is NOT intended for use in an uncontrolled environment by the “General Population.”

This radio has been tested and complies with the FCC RF exposure limits for “Occupational Use Only.” This CobraMarine VHF radio also complies with the following guidelines and standards regarding RF energy and electromagnetic energy levels as well as evaluation of those levels for human exposure:

FCC OET Bulletin 65 Edition 97-01 Supplement C, Evaluating Compliance with FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields.

American National Standards Institute (C95.1-1992), IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3 kHz to 300 GHz.

American National Standards Institute (C95.3-1992), IEEE Recommended Practice for the Measurement of Potentially Hazardous Electromagnetic Fields — RF and Microwave.

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Important Safety Information

Introduction

The following WARNINGS and NOTICE information will make you aware of RF exposure hazards and how to assure you operate the radio within the FCC RF exposure limits established for the radio.

WARNINGS

Your radio generates electromagnetic RF (radio frequency) energy when

it is transmitting. To ensure that you and those around you are not exposed to excessive amounts of that energy, DO NOT touch the antenna when transmitting and KEEP yourself and all others on your vessel the required distance away from the antenna while transmitting. See page 31 in the antenna requirements section for further information.

DO NOT operate the radio without a proper antenna or equivalent dummy load attached. Doing so may expose you to excessive RF energy and will damage the radio.

DO NOT transmit more than 50% of the time the radio is in use — 50% duty cycle. The radio is transmitting when the Talk button is pressed and the transmit information shows on the LCD screen.

ALWAYS use only Cobra authorized accessories.

DO NOT operate the radio in an explosive atmosphere, near blasting sites, or in any area where signs are posted prohibiting radio transmissions.

NEVER connect the transceiver to AC power. It can be a fire hazard, may cause an electric shock and may damage the transceiver.

NEVER mount the transceiver or microphone/speaker where they might interfere with operation of your vessel or cause injury.

DO NOT allow children or anyone unfamiliar with proper procedures to operate the radio without supervision.

Failure to observe any of these warnings may cause you to exceed

FCC RF exposure limits or create other dangerous conditions.

NOTE

Throughout this manual, the term “Transceiver” will be used to identify the main unit containing the LCD screen and controls. The term “Radio” will be used to identify the entire equipment including transceiver, microphone, antenna and any attached external speakers.

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Recommendations for

Marine Communication

Introduction

NOTICE

AVOID using or storing the radio at temperatures below -4°F (-20°C) or above 140°F (60°C).

NEVER connect the transceiver to DC power greater than 16 volts or to any DC source with reversed polarity. Doing so will damage the transceiver.

DO NOT cut the power cables attached to the transceiver. Improper reconnection with reversed polarity will damage the transceiver.

POSITION your radio, external speakers and cables at least 3 ft (0,9 m) away from your vessel’s magnetic navigation compass. CHECK your compass before and after installation to be sure that it has not introduced any deviation.

DO NOT attempt to service any internal parts yourself. Have any necessary service performed by a qualified technician.

DO NOT drop the transceiver or microphone/speaker. Doing so may crack the case or damage a waterproof seal. Once these items have been dropped, the original waterproofing cannot be guaranteed.

DO NOT use chemicals or solvents such as mineral spirits and alcohol to clean your radio. They may damage the case surfaces.

Changes or modifications to your radio MAY VOID its compliance with FCC (Federal Communication Commission) rules and make it illegal to use.

Recommendations for Marine Communication

The frequencies your radio uses are set aside to enhance safety afloat and for vessel navigation and operational messages over a range suitable for near-shore voyages. If the 25 watt maximum output of your radio is not sufficient for the distances you travel from the coast, consider installing a more powerful radio such as HF single-side band or satellite radio for your vessel.

The U.S. Coast Guard does not endorse cellular telephones as substitutes for marine radios. They generally cannot communicate with rescue vessels and, if you make a distress call on a cellular telephone, only the party you call will

be able to hear you. Additionally, cellular telephones may have limited coverage over water and can be hard to locate. If you do not know where you are, the Coast Guard will have difficulty finding you if you are using a cellular telephone.

However, cellular telephones can have a place onboard where cellular coverage is available — to allow social conversations and keep the marine frequencies uncluttered and available for their intended use.

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FCC Licensing Information

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

FCC Licensing Information

CobraMarine VHF radios comply with the FCC (Federal Communication Commission) requirements that regulate the Maritime Radio Service.

This CobraMarine radio incorporates a VHF FM transceiver designed for use in the frequency range of 156.025 to 163.275 MHz. It requires 13.8 volts DC and has a switchable RF output power of one (1) or 25 watts.

The radio is capable of Class-D DSC (Digital Selective Calling) operation.

The radio operates on all currently allocated marine channels and is switchable for use according to U.S.A., International, or Canadian regulations. It features instant access to emergency Channel 16 and calling Channel 9 as well as NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) All Hazards Radio with Alert that can be accessed by pressing one key.

Station License

An FCC ship station license is no longer required for any vessel traveling in U.S.A. waters which uses a VHF marine radio, RADAR, or EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon), and which is not required to carry radio equipment. However, any vessel required to carry a marine radio on an international voyage, carrying a HF single side band radiotelephone, or carrying a marine satellite terminal must obtain a station license.

FCC license forms and applications for ship and land stations can be downloaded through the Internet at www.fcc.gov/formpage.html. Forms can also be obtained by calling the FCC at 888-225-5322.

International Station License

If your vessel will be entering the sovereign waters of a country other than the U.S.A. or Canada, you should contact that country’s communications regulatory authority for licensing information.

Radio Call Sign

Currently, the FCC does not require recreational boaters to have a license. The United States Coast Guard recommends that the boat’s registration number and state of registry (e.g., IL 1234 AB) be used as a call sign and be clearly visible on the vessel.

Canadian Ship Station License

You need a Radio Operator’s Certificate if your vessel is operated in Canadian waters. Radio Operator training and certification is available from the Canadian Power Squadron. Visit their website (http://www.cps-ecp.ca/english/newradiocard.html), contact the nearest field office or write: Industry of Canada, Radio Regulatory Branch, Attn: DOSP, 300 Slater Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0C8.

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VHF Marine Radio

Procedures

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

User Responsibility and Operating Locations

All users are responsible for observing domestic and foreign government regulations and are subject to severe penalties for violations. The VHF frequencies on your radio are reserved for marine use and require a special license to operate from land, including when your boat is on its trailer.

NOTE

This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two (2) conditions: 1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and 2. This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

FCC Warnings: Replacement or substitution of transistors, regular diodes or other parts of a unique nature, with parts other than those recommended by Cobra may cause a violation of the technical regulations of part 80 of the

FCC Rules, or violation of type acceptance requirements of part 2 of the rules.

VHF Marine Radio Procedures

Maintain Your Watch

Whenever your boat is underway, the radio must be turned On and be tuned to Channel 16, except when being used for messages.

Power

Try 1 watt first if the station being called is within a few miles. Try a second call after waiting two (2) minutes. If there is no answer, switch to a higher power. This will conserve your battery and minimize interference to other users by avoiding repeated calls.

Calling Coast Stations

Call a coast station on its assigned channel. You may use Channel 16 when you do not know the assigned channel.

Calling Other Vessels

Call other vessels on Channel 16 or on Channel 9. (Channel 9 is preferred for recreational vessel use.) You may also call on ship-to-ship channels when you know that the vessel is listening on a ship-to-ship channel.

Initial Calling on Channel 16 or 9

The use of Channel 16 is permitted for making initial contact (hailing) with another vessel. The limits on calling must be followed. Be reminded, Channel 16’s most important function is for Emergency Messages. If, for some reason, Channel 16 is congested, the use of Channel 9, especially in U.S. waters, may be used as the initial contact (hailing) channel for non-emergency communication.

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Voice Calling

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Limits on Calling

You must not call the same station for more than 30 seconds at a time.

If you do not get a reply, wait at least two (2) minutes before calling again. After three (3) calling periods, wait at least 15 minutes before calling again.

Change Channels

After contacting another station on a calling channel, change immediately to a channel which is available for the type of message you want to send.

Station Identification

Identify, in English, your station by your FCC call sign, vessel name and the state registration number, at both the beginning and at the end of the message.

Prohibited Communications

You MUST NOT transmit:

False distress or emergency messages.

Messages containing obscene, indecent or profane language.

General calls, signals or messages (messages not addressed to a particular station) on Channel 16, except in an emergency or if you are testing your radio.

When you are on land.

Voice Calling

To Call Another Vessel or Shore Installation (e.g. Lock or Bridge Tender):

Make sure your radio is On.

Select Channel 16 and listen to make sure it is not being used.

NOTE

Channel 9 may be used by recreational vessels for general-purpose calling. This frequency should be used whenever possible to relieve congestion on Channel 16.

When the channel is quiet, press the Talk button and call the vessel you wish to call. (Hold the microphone/speaker a few inches from your face and speak directly into it in a normal tone of voice — clearly and distinctly.) Say “[name of station being called] THIS IS [your vessel’s name or call sign].”

Once contact is made on the calling channel, you must switch to a proper working channel. See the channel listing on page 14 through 15.

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Digital Selective Calling (DSC)

For Example

The vessel Corsair calling the vessel Vagabond:

Corsair: “Vagabond, this is Corsair (station license number call sign).”

Vagabond: “Corsair, this is Vagabond. Over.”

Corsair: “Vagabond go to working Channel 68. Over.”

Both parties switch over to the agreed upon working channel....

Corsair: “Vagabond I need to talk to you about... Over.”

Vagabond: “Corsair in answer to your question about... Over.”

Corsair: “Vagabond, thanks for the information about... (call sign and out).”

After each transmission, say “OVER” and release the microphone Push to Talk (PTT) button. This confirms that the transmission has ended. When all communication with the other vessel is totally completed, end the message by stating your call sign and the word “OUT.” Remember, it is not necessary to state your call sign with each transmission, only at the beginning and end of the message.

NOTE

For best sound quality at the shore station or other vessel receiving your call, hold the microphone/speaker at least 2 in. (51 mm) from your mouth and slightly off to one (1) side. Speak in a normal tone of voice.

Digital Selective Calling (DSC)

Digital selective calling (DSC) is a semi-automated system for establishing a radio call. It has been designed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO)

as an international standard for VHF, MF and HF calls and is part of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS).

DSC will eventually replace aural (listening) watches on distress frequencies and will be used to announce routine and urgent maritime safety information broadcasts. Until DSC is fully implemented, it is still necessary to maintain a listening watch on Channel 16.

The DSC system allows mariners to instantly send a distress call with GPS position coordinates (requires a GPS receiver to be connected to the radio) to the Coast Guard and other vessels within range of the transmission.

DSC also allows mariners to initiate and receive distress, urgent, safety, routine, position request, position send and group calls between vessels equipped with DSC capable radios.

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Maritime Mobile

Service Identity (MMSI)

VHF Marine

Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)

An MMSI is a nine (9) digit number used on a marine radio capable of using digital selective calling (DSC). It is used to selectively call other vessels or shore stations and is similar to a telephone number.

For your CobraMarine radio to operate in the DSC mode, you must enter your Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number. See page 62 for instructions on how to enter your number.

MMSI Numbers are available in the U.S.A. from these Sources:

Boat U.S.: 800-563-1536 – www.boatus.com/mmsi

Maritel: 888-Maritel (888-627-4835)

Sea Tow International: 631-765-3660 – www.seatow.com

In Canada, Contact:

Industry Canada Spectrum Management Office (only available on the Internet): http://strategis.ic.gc.ca/epic/internet/insmt-gst.nsf/vwGeneratedInterE/sf01742e.html

To Obtain an MMSI Number Outside the U.S.A.:

Users can obtain an MMSI from their country’s telecommunications authority or ship registry. This may involve amending or obtaining a ship station license.

WARNING

This equipment is designed to generate a digital maritime distress and safety signal to facilitate search and rescue. To be effective as a safety device, this equipment must be used only within communication range

of a shore-based VHF marine channel to distress and safety watch system. The range of the signal may vary, but under normal conditions should be approximately 20 nautical miles.

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Radiotelephone Calls

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Radiotelephone Calls

Boaters may make and receive radiotelephone calls to and from any number on the telephone network by using the services of public coast stations. Calls can be

made — for a fee — between your radio and telephones on land, sea and in the air. See pages 14 through 23 for the public correspondence (marine operator) channels.

If you plan to use these services, consider registering with the operator of the public coast station that you plan to work through. Those services can provide you with detailed information and procedures to follow.

NOTICE

You may disclose privileged information during a radiotelephone call. Keep in mind that your transmission is NOT private, as it is on a regular telephone. Both sides of the conversation are being broadcast and can be heard by anyone who has a radio and tunes to the channel you are using.

10 English

F80 General.qxp:QXP-1058731464.qxp 12/29/06 9:07 AM Page 11

Emergency Messages

and Distress Procedure

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Emergency Messages and Distress Procedure

The ability to summon assistance in an emergency is the primary reason to have a VHF marine radio. The marine environment can be unforgiving, and what may initially be a minor problem can rapidly develop into a situation beyond your control.

The Coast Guard monitors Channel 16, responds to all distress calls, and coordinates all search and rescue efforts. Depending on the availability of other capable vessels or commercial assistance operators in your vicinity, Coast Guard or Coast Guard Auxiliary craft may be dispatched.

In any event, communicate with the Coast Guard as soon as you experience difficulties and before your situation becomes an emergency. Use the emergency message procedures only after your situation has become grave or you are faced with a sudden danger threatening life or property and requiring immediate help. Use Channel 16 to communicate your emergency message. Make sure you transmit on high power. If you are merely out of gas, do not send an emergency message. Drop your anchor and call a friend or marina to bring the fuel you need or to give you a tow.

Marine Emergency Signals

The three (3) spoken international emergency signals are:

MAYDAY

The distress signal MAYDAY is used to indicate that a station is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance.

PAN

The urgency signal PAN is used when the safety of the vessel or person is in jeopardy. (This signal is properly pronounced pahn.)

SECURITE

The safety signal SECURITE is used for messages about the safety of navigation or important weather warnings. (This signal is properly pronounced see-cure-ee-tay.)

When using an international emergency signal, the appropriate signal is to be spoken three (3) times prior to the message.

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Emergency Messages

and Distress Procedure

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

If You Hear a Distress Call

You must give any message beginning with one (1) of these signals priority over any other messages. ALL stations MUST remain silent on Channel 16 for the duration of the emergency unless the message relates directly to the emergency.

If you hear a distress message from a vessel, stand by your radio. If it is not answered, YOU should answer. If the distressed vessel is not nearby, wait a short time for others who may be closer to acknowledge. Even if you cannot render direct assistance, you may be in a position to relay the message.

Marine Distress Procedure

Speak slowly — clearly — calmly.

1.Make sure your radio is On.

2.Select Channel 16.

3.Press Talk button and say:

“MAYDAY — MAYDAY — MAYDAY.” (Or “PAN — PAN — PAN,”

or “SECURITE — SECURITE — SECURITE.”)

4.Say:

“THIS IS [your vessel name or call sign],” repeated three (3) times.

5.Say:

“MAYDAY (or “PAN” or “SECURITE”) [your vessel name or call sign].

6.Tell where you are:

(what navigational aids or landmarks are nearby).

7.State the nature of your distress.

8.State the kind of assistance needed.

9.Give number of persons aboard and conditions of any injured.

10.Estimate present seaworthiness of your vessel.

11.Briefly describe your vessel (length, type, color, hull).

12.Say:

“I WILL BE LISTENING ON CHANNEL 16.”

13.End message by saying:

“THIS IS [your vessel name or call sign] OVER.”

14.Release Talk button and listen. Someone should answer. If not, repeat the call, beginning at step 3 above.

Keep the radio nearby. Even after your message has been received, the Coast Guard can find you more quickly if you can transmit a signal for a rescue boat to hone in on.

12 English

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Emergency Messages

and Distress Procedure

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

For Example

“Mayday — Mayday — Mayday”

“This is Corsair — Corsair — Corsair” [or “IL 1234 AB”], repeated three (3) times.

“Mayday Corsair (or IL 1234 AB)”

“Navy Pier bears 220 degrees magnetic — distance 5 miles”

“Struck submerged object and flooding — need pump and tow”

“Four adults, three children aboard — no one injured”

“Estimate we will remain afloat one-half hour”

“Corsair (or IL 1234 AB) is 26 ft sloop with blue hull and tan deck house”

“I will be listening on Channel 16”

“This is Corsair (or IL 1234 AB)”

“Over”

It is a good idea to write out a script of the message form and post it where you and others on your vessel can see it when an emergency message needs to be sent.

Marine Distress Procedure – DSC

Digital Selective Calling (DSC) is a semi-automated system that will allow you to press the Distress button from any routine to make a distress call. When the distress button is pressed, all other channels go to Standby mode and allow the digitally encoded “pre-programmed” message to take precedence. Important information such as your MMSI number, position and name will be transmitted on Channel 16. The distress alarm will sound for two (2) minutes or until the alarm is cleared.

The DSC system allows you to choose a “pre-programmed” distress call such as: “Man Overboard, Sinking, Collision.” There are many pre-programmed choices to choose from. If a GPS is connected to your radio, your coordinates will also be sent to the Coast Guard as well as to other vessels that are within range of the transmission. DSC calling also allows the user to initiate and receive distress, urgent, safety, routine, position request, position send and group calls between vessels equipped with DSC capable radios.

WARNING

This radio will generate a digital maritime distress and safety signal to help facilitate search and rescue. This radio must be used only within communication range of a shore based VHF station with a distress and safety watch system. The range of the signal may vary, however, under normal conditions should be approximately 20 nautical miles.

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VHF Marine

Channel Assignments

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

VHF Marine Channel Assignments

Three (3) sets of VHF channels have been established for marine use in the U.S.A., Canada and the rest of the world (International). Most of the channels are the same for all three (3) maps, but there are definite differences (see table on pages 16-23). Your radio has all three (3) maps built into it and will operate correctly in whichever area you choose.

The following is a brief outline of the channel assignments in the U.S.A. Channel Map.

Distress, Safety and Calling

Channel 16

Getting the attention of another station (calling) or in emergencies (distress and safety).

Calling

Channel 9

General purpose (non-emergency) calling by non-commercial vessels. Recreational boaters are urged to use this channel to reduce congestion on Channel 16.

Intership Safety

Channel 6

Ship-to-ship safety messages and for search and rescue messages to

Coast Guard ships and aircraft.

Coast Guard Liaison (U.S and Canadian)

Channel 22A

To talk to the Coast Guard (non-emergency) after making contact on Channel 16.

Non-Commercial

Channels 68*, 69, 71, 72, 78A, 79A*, 80A*

Working channels for small vessels. Messages must be about needs of the vessel, such as fishing reports, berthing and rendezvous. Use Channel 72 only for ship-to-ship messages.

Commercial

Channels 1A, 7A, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18A, 19A, 63A, 67, 72, 79A, 80A, 88A*

Working channels for working ships only. Messages must be about business or needs of the ship. Use Channels 8, 67, 72 and 88A only for ship-to-ship messages.

14 English

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VHF Marine

Channel Assignments

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

Channels 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 60, 61, 84, 84A, 85, 85A, 86, 86A, 87, 87A, 88*

For calls to marine operators at public coast stations. You can make and receive telephone calls through these stations.

Port Operations

Channels 1A*, 5A*, 12*, 14*, 18, 19, 20A, 21, 22, 63A*, 65A, 66A, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77*, 79, 80, 81, 82

Used for directing the movement of ships in or near ports, locks or waterways. Messages must be about operational handling, movement and safety of ships.

Navigational

Channels 13, 67

Channels are available to all vessels. Messages must be about navigation, including passing or meeting other vessels. These are also the main working channels for most locks and drawbridges. You must keep your messages short and power output at no more than 1 watt.

Maritime Control

Channel 17

For talking to vessels and coast stations operated by state or local governments. Messages must be about regulation and control, boating activities or assistance.

Digital Selective Calling

Channel 70

This channel is set aside for distress, safety and general calling using only digital selective calling techniques. Voice communication is prohibited; your radio cannot transmit voice messages on this channel.

Weather

Channels Wx 1 Thru 9

Receive-only channels for NOAA and Canadian weather broadcasts. You cannot transmit on these channels.

NOTE

*These channels are restricted to the listed uses in certain parts of the country or for certain types of users only. Consult FCC rules or a knowledgeable radio operator before using them.

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VHF Marine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel Assignments

 

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel

Channel Map

Frequency

Power

 

Number

USA

Int’l

Canada Transmit

Receive

Limits

 

01

 

 

156.050

160.650

 

 

01A

 

 

156.050

156.050

 

 

02

 

 

156.100

160.700

 

 

03

 

 

156.150

160.750

 

 

03A

 

 

156.150

156.150

 

 

04

 

 

 

156.200

160.800

 

 

04A

 

 

 

156.200

156.200

 

 

05

 

 

 

156.250

160.850

 

 

05A

 

156.250

156.250

 

 

06

156.300

156.300

 

 

07

 

 

 

156.350

160.950

 

 

07A

 

156.350

156.350

 

 

08

156.400

156.400

 

 

09

156.450

156.450

 

 

10

156.500

156.500

 

 

11

156.550

156.550

 

 

12

156.600

156.600

 

 

13

156.650

156.650

1 watt USA and CAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

156.700

156.700

 

 

15

 

 

Rx Only

156.750

 

 

15

 

 

156.750

156.750

1 watt CAN and INT

 

16

156.800

156.800

 

 

17

156.850

156.850

1 watt USA and CAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16 English

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VHF Marine

Channel Assignments

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Channel

Use

 

 

01

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

 

 

01A

Port Operations and Commercial, VTS in selected areas

 

 

02

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

 

 

03

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

 

 

03A

Government Only (Unauthorized)

 

 

04

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement

 

 

04A

West Coast (Coast Guard Only); East Coast (Commercial Fishing)

 

 

05

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement

 

 

05A

Port Operations, VTS in selected areas

 

 

06

Intership Safety

 

 

07

Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement

 

 

07A

Commercial

 

 

08

Commercial (Intership Only)

 

 

09Boater Calling Channel, Non-Commercial (Recreational)

10Commercial

11Commercial, VTS in selected areas

12Port Operations, VTS in selected areas

13Intership Navigation Safety (Bridge-to-Bridge). In U.S. waters, large vessels maintain a listening watch on this channel.

14Port Operations, VTS in selected areas

15Environmental (Receive Only). Used by class C EPIRB’s.

15Canada (EPIRB Buoys Only); International (On-Board Communication)

16International Distress, Safety and Calling

17State Controlled (U.S.A. Only)

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VHF Marine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel Assignments

 

 

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel

Channel Map

Frequency

Power

 

Number

USA

Int’l

Canada

Transmit

Receive

 

Limits

 

18

 

 

 

156.900

161.500

 

 

 

18A

 

156.900

156.900

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

156.950

161.550

 

 

 

19A

 

156.950

156.950

 

 

 

20

157.000

161.600

 

1 watt CAN

 

20A

 

 

157.000

157.000

 

 

 

21

 

 

157.050

161.650

 

 

 

21A

 

157.050

157.050

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

157.100

161.700

 

 

 

22A

 

157.100

157.100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

 

 

157.150

161.750

 

 

 

23A

 

 

157.150

157.150

 

 

 

24

157.200

161.800

 

 

 

25

157.250

161.850

 

 

 

26

157.300

161.900

 

 

 

27

157.350

161.950

 

 

 

28

157.400

162.000

 

 

 

60

 

 

156.025

160.625

 

 

 

61

 

 

 

156.075

160.675

 

 

 

61A

 

156.075

156.075

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

62

 

 

 

156.125

160.725

 

 

 

62A

 

 

 

156.125

156.125

 

 

18 English

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VHF Marine

Channel Assignments

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Channel Use

18 Port Operations, Ship Movement

18A Commercial

19 Port Operations, Ship Movement

19A Commercial

20Canada (Coast Guard Only); International (Port Operations, Ship Movement) 20A Port Operations

21Port Operations, Ship Movement

21A U.S. (Government Only); Canada (Coast Guard Only)

22 Port Operations, Ship Movement

22A U.S. and Canadian Coast Guard Liaison and Maritime Safety Information Broadcasts that are announced on Channel 16

23 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

23A Government Only

24Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

25Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

26Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

27Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

28Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

60Public Correspondence (Marine Operator)

61Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operation, Ship Movement

61A U.S. (Government Only); Canada (Coast Guard Only);

West Coast (Coast Guard Only); East Coast (Commercial Fishing)

62 Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement

62A West Coast (Coast Guard Only); East Coast (Commercial Fishing)

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VHF Marine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel Assignments

 

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel

Channel

Map

 

Frequency

Power

 

Number

USA

Int’l

Canada

Transmit

Receive

Limits

 

63

 

 

 

 

156.175

160.775

 

 

63A

 

 

 

156.175

156.175

 

 

64

 

 

 

156.225

160.825

 

 

64A

 

 

156.225

156.225

 

 

65

 

 

 

 

156.275

160.875

 

 

65A

 

156.275

156.275

 

 

66

 

 

 

 

156.325

160.925

 

 

66A

 

156.325

156.325

1 watt CAN

 

67

 

156.375

156.375

1 watt USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

68

 

156.425

156.425

 

 

69

 

156.475

156.475

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70

 

156.525

156.525

DSC Use Only

 

71

 

156.575

156.575

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

72

 

156.625

156.625

 

 

73

 

156.675

156.675

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

74

 

156.725

156.725

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

 

156.775

156.775

1 watt Only INT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

76

 

 

 

 

156.825

156.825

1 watt Only INT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

77

 

156.875

156.875

1 watt USA and CAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20 English

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VHF Marine

Channel Assignments

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

Channel Use

63Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement 63A Port Operations and Commercial, VTS in selected areas

64Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement

64A U.S. (Government Only); Canada (Commercial Fishing)

65Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement 65A Port Operations

66Public Correspondence (Marine Operator), Port Operations, Ship Movement 66A Port Operations

67U.S. (Commercial). Used for bridge-to-bridge communications in lower Mississippi River (Intership Only); Canada (Commercial Fishing), S&R

68Non-Commercial (Recreational)

69U.S. (Non-Commercial, Recreational); Canada (Commercial Fishing Only); International (Intership, Port Operations, Ship Movement)

70Digital Selective Calling (Voice communications not allowed.)

71U.S. and Canada (Non-Commercial, Recreational); International (Port Operations, Ship Movement)

72Non-Commercial (Intership Only)

73U.S. (Port Operations); Canada (Commercial Fishing Only); International (Intership, Port Operations, Ship Movement)

74U.S. (Port Operations); Canada (Commercial Fishing Only); International (Intership, Port Operations, Ship Movement)

75Port Operations (Intership Only)

76Port Operations (Intership Only)

77Port Operations (Intership only). Restricted to communications with pilots for movement and docking of ships.

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VHF Marine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel Assignments

 

 

VHF Marine Radio Protocols

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Channel

Channel Map

 

Frequency

Power

 

Number

USA

Int’l Canada Transmit

Receive

Limits

 

78

 

 

 

 

156.925

161.525

 

 

 

78A

 

 

156.925

156.925

 

 

 

79

 

 

 

 

156.975

161.575

 

 

 

79A

 

 

156.975

156.975

 

 

 

80

 

 

 

 

157.025

161.625

 

 

 

80A

 

 

157.025

157.025

 

 

 

81

 

 

 

 

157.075

161.675

 

 

 

81A

 

 

157.075

157.075

 

 

 

82

 

 

 

 

157.125

161.725

 

 

 

82A

 

 

157.125

157.125

 

 

 

83

 

 

 

157.175

161.775

 

 

 

83A

 

 

157.175

157.175

 

 

 

84

 

157.225

161.825

 

 

 

84A

 

 

 

157.225

157.225

 

 

 

85

 

157.275

161.875

 

 

 

85A

 

 

 

157.275

157.275

 

 

 

86

 

157.325

161.925

 

 

 

86A

 

 

 

157.325

157.325

 

 

 

87

 

157.375

161.975

 

 

 

87A

 

 

 

157.375

157.375

 

 

 

88

 

157.425

162.025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

88A

 

 

 

157.425

157.425

 

 

NOTE

Many of the plain numbered channels, such as 01, 02 and 03, transmit on one frequency and receive on another. This is termed duplex operation. The rest of the plain numbered channels and all of the A channels, such as 01A, 03A and 04A, transmit and receive on a single frequency, which is termed simplex operation. Your radio automatically adjusts to these conditions. When in simplex operation, the A icon will appear on the LCD (see illustration on page A2).

22 English

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