AOpen AX4SGUL User Manual

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AOpen i865 Family Motherboards


8."Bus Location" display in next screen. Your machine contains more than one hardware bus; please select the Bus Type and Bus number on which your network adapter card is installed.

9.NT will then perform the binding process. If any additional network software options were installed, you may be prompted for specific information for these packages.

10.Restarting your system you will acquire network service.



* Installing Multiple LAN Adapters: Enter Windows NT and follow above setup procedure step 2, in the "Network Settings" dialog box, choose the "Configure.." button. The "Input Ethernet ID" dialog box appears and input adapter's Ethernet ID. Last step is to select OK and close NETWORK SETUP. Select SKIP if only one adapter is installed on this computer.


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Installing USB 2.0 Driver in Windows 98SE/MEE

This motherboard comes with USB 2.0. You can find the driver from the Bonus Pack CD auto-runmenu.


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Windows 2000 Installation Guide


Installing Drivers during Windows 2000 Installation


The following details the installation of the USB 2.0 driver while installing Windows 2000 (with the USB 2.0 controller is enabled already).

1.After enabling the USB 2.0 controller, install Windows 2000 normally.

2.After installation, go the "Start" menu and choose "Settings."

3.From the "Settings" menu, choose "Control Panel."

4.In the "Control Panel" window, double-clickon the "System" icon.

5.In the "System" window, choose the "Hardware" tab.

6.Press the "Device Manager..." button in the "Hardware" window.

7.In the hierarchical display under "Other Devices" is a listing for "Universal Serial Bus (USB) Controller". Choose it and then press the mouse right button and click "Properties"

8.Choose the "Driver" tab in the "Properties" window, choose "Update Driver," and then press "Next."

9.Choose "Search for a suitable driver for my device (Recommended)" from the list, and then press "Enter".

10.Choose "Specify a location." and then press "Next"

11.Insert the Bonus CD in CD-ROM.

12.Type "[CD-ROM]:\Driver\Intel\USB2.0\Win2000"in the text box that appears. Press “OK ".

13.Click on "Next." A message informing you that Windows has found "Intel PCI to USB Enhanced Host Controller - ICH5" should appear.

14.Click on "Next," and then on "Finish."


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Installing Driver in Existing Windows 2000 System


After enabling the USB 2.0 controller and rebooting your system, Windows 2000 setup will show a "New Hardware Found" dialog box. Under Windows 2000, "Universal Serial Bus (USB) Controller" will be displayed.

1.Choose "Search for a suitable driver for my device (Recommended)" from the list, and then press "Enter".

2.Choose "Specify a location." and then press "Next"

3.Insert the Bonus CD in CD-ROM.

4.Type "[CD-ROM]:\Driver\Intel\USB2.0\Win2000"in the text box that appears. Press “OK ".

5.Click on "Next." A message informing you that Windows has found "Intel PCI to USB Enhanced Host Controller - ICH5" should appear.

6.Click on "Next," and then on "Finish."


Confirming Windows 2000 Installation


1.From Windows 2000, open the Control Panel from "My Computer" followed by the System icon.

2.Choose the "Hardware" tab, and then click the "Device Manager" tab.

3.Click the "+" in front of "Universal Serial Bus controllers". "Intel PCI to USB Enhanced Host Controller - ICH5" should appear.


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Basically, AC’97 CODEC is the standard structure of PCI sound card. As we know, computer is digital-based,but music is based onanalog-based.Therefore, there must be a process to turn digital into analog during the last stage processing of sound in computer. Hence, the component on sound card that play this important task is what we called CODEC.

Audio CODEC 97 (briefly called AC’97) is the specification regulated by Intel, and it’s about the structure of audio conversion. The special place about CODEC is that it is separated from sound card (CODEC is an independent chipset). Therefore, PCI sound card could possess with 90db and do other application process as well. We called CODEC that meets this structure AC’97 CODEC.

ACPI (Advanced Configuration & Power Interface)

ACPI is the power management specification of PC97 (1997). It intends to save more power by taking full control of power management to operating system and bypass BIOS. The chipset or super I/O chip needs to provide standard register interface to operating system (such as Windows 98). This is a bit similar as thePnP register interface. ACPI defines ATX momentary soft power switch to control the power state transition.

ACR (Advanced Communication Riser)

Building on the PC motherboard riser architecture, ACR slot is backward compatible with AMR but beyond the limitation of it. The ACR specification is designed to support modem, audio, Local Area Network (LAN) and Digital Subscriber Line (DSL).


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AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port)

The main function of AGP simply put is to tell monitor what screen information had to be shown, a visual transmission device actually. With the rapid developing of AGP card, we can see that it had been developed from single colorful AGP card to 2D and 3D graphic. AGP supports only memory read/write operation and single-mastersingle-slaveone-to-oneonly. Though AGP and PCI share the same algorithm of32-bit,its frequencies are 66MHz and 33MHz respectively. AGP interface had been developed from 2X to 8x.

1X AGP, data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 1 = 264MB/s 2X AGP, data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 2 = 528MB/s 4X AGP, data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 4 = 1056MB/s. 8X AGP, data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 8 = 2112MB/s.

AMR (Audio/Modem Riser)

The CODEC circuit of AC’97 sound/modem solution can be put on motherboard or put on a riser card (AMR card) that connects to motherboard through AMR connector.

ATA (AT Attachment)

Before talking about ATA (AT Attachment), we must understand DMA (Direct Memory Access), which allows devices to skip the CPU devices and access memory directly. DMA specification could not only eliminate the workload of CPU, but also accelerate the transmission of data. DMA begins with a data transfer rate of 16.6MB/Sec, but afterward developed to new data rate of 33.3MB/Sec, which is twice the data rate and we called itUltra DMA.ATA details power and data signals between the drive and integrated drive controller and the computer's motherboard. Two drives (master and slave) are supported. The ATA specification allows the drive to connect directly to the ISA bus on the computer. ATA transfer rate then had been developed to 133MHz/Sec and would come out with fastest rate later (please refer toSerial ATA).

DMA, data transfer rate is 16.6MHz/s

Ultra DMA, data transfer rate is 16.6MHz x 2 = 33MB/s.


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ATA/66, data transfer rate is 16.6MHz x 4 = 66MB/s.

ATA/100, data transfer rate is 16.6MHz x 6 = 100MB/s.

ATA/133, data transfer rate is 16.6MHz x 8 = 133MB/s.

(ATA/133 uses both rising edge and falling edge as ATA/66 but clock cycle time is reduced to 30ns.)

BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)

BIOS, is a set of assembly routine/program that reside in EPROM orFlash ROM. BIOS controls Input/output devices and other hardware devices of motherboard. In general, to provide hardware independent portability, operation system and drivers is required to access BIOS without directly access hardware devices.


Bluetooth is a wireless transferring technology that enables short-rangewireless connections between desktop and laptop computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), cellular phones, printers, scanners, digital cameras and even home appliances. The principle of Bluetooth (a chipset) is to transfer information and voices at the frequency of ISM Band. Every Bluetooth technology devices do come with a standard address for you to connectone-to-oneorone-to-seven(to form aPico-net),with transferring range up to 10 meters (100 meters to follow), using low power radio. Bluetooth do not only possess high transfer rate of 1MB/s, it also could be encrypted with pin code. With hopping rate of 1600 hops per second, it’s difficult to be intercepted and are less interrupted by electromagnetic wave.


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CNR (Communication and Networking Riser)

The CNR specification provides the PC industry the opportunity to deliver a flexible and cost reduced method of implementing LAN, home networking, DSL, USB, wireless, audio and modem subsystems widely used in today's "connected PCs". The CNR specification is an open industry specification and is supported by OEMs, IHV card manufacturers, silicon supplier and Microsoft.

DDR (Double Data Rate) SDRAM

DDR SDRAM utilizes the existing SDRAM (For ex,PC-100,PC-133)infrastructure and technology while doubling the nominal bandwidth available to systems in an easy to design and simple to adopt way. Based on FSB frequency, DDR SDRAM on the market are DDR200, DDR266 and DDR333 with more coming around soon.

DDR200, transfer bandwidth up to 200x64/8=1600MB/s (PC1600)

DDR266, transfer bandwidth up to 266x64/8=2100MB/s (PC2100)

DDR333, transfer bandwidth up to 333x64/8=2700MB/s (PC2700)

DDR400, transfer bandwidth up to 400x64/8=3200MB/s (PC3200)

ECC (Error Checking and Correction)

The ECC mode needs 8 ECC bits for 64-bitdata. Each time memory is accessed; ECC bits are updated and checked by a special algorithm. The ECC algorithm has the ability to detectdouble-biterror and automatically correctsingle-biterror while parity mode can only detectsingle-biterror.

EEPROM (Electronic Erasable Programmable ROM)

Also be known as E2PROM. BothEEPROM andFlash ROM can bere-programmedby electronic signals, but the interface technology is different. Size of EEPROM is much smaller than flash ROM.


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EPROM (Erasable Programmable ROM)

Traditional motherboard stores BIOS code in EPROM. EPROM can only be erased by ultra-violet(UV) light. If BIOS has to be upgraded, you need to remove EPROM from motherboard, clear by UV light,re-program,and then insert back.

EV6 Bus

EV6 Bus is the technology of Alpha processor from Digital Equipment Corporation. EV6 bus uses both rising and falling clock edge to transfer data, similar as DDR SDRAM or ATA/66 IDE bus.

EV6 Bus Speed = CPU external bus clock x 2.

200 MHz EV6 bus, 200MHz = 100 MHz external bus clock x 2

FCC DoC (Declaration of Conformity)

The DoC is component certification standard of FCC EMI regulations. This standard allows DIY component (such as motherboard) to apply DoC label separately without a shielding of housing.

FC-PGA(FlipChip-PinGrid Array)

FC means Flip Chip, FC-PGAis a package of Intel for Pentium III for 0.18µm process CPU, which can be plugged into SKT370 socket.

FC-PGA2(FlipChip-PinGrid Array)

After FC-PGA,FC-PGA2is the package for 0.13µm process CPU developed by Intel, which can be plugged into SKT423/478 socket as well.