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User Manual

AOI-892

IEEE 802.11g Wireless Broadband Router

1

Introduction.......................................................................................................................

4

Features..............................................................................................................................

4

Minimum Requirements ..................................................................................................

4

Package Content ...............................................................................................................

4

Note ....................................................................................................................................

4

Get to know the Broadband Router................................................................................

5

Back Panel .........................................................................................................................

5

Front Panel ........................................................................................................................

6

Setup Diagram...................................................................................................................

7

Getting started...................................................................................................................

7

Chapter 1 .........................................................................................................................

16

Quick Setup .....................................................................................................................

16

Step 1) Time Zone...........................................................................................................

16

Step 2) Broadband Type.................................................................................................

17

1.1 Cable Modem ............................................................................................................

18

1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL...........................................................................................................

19

1.3 PPPoE ........................................................................................................................

20

1.4 PPTP ..........................................................................................................................

21

1.5 L2TP...........................................................................................................................

23

1.6 Telstra Big Pond........................................................................................................

25

Chapter 2 .........................................................................................................................

27

General Settings ..............................................................................................................

27

2.1 System ........................................................................................................................

29

2.1.1 Time Zone...............................................................................................................

30

2.1.2 Password Settings ..................................................................................................

31

2.1.3 Remote Management.............................................................................................

32

2.2 WAN...........................................................................................................................

33

2.2.1 Dynamic IP .............................................................................................................

34

2.2.2 Static IP Address....................................................................................................

34

2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet)..................................................................................

34

2.2.4 PPTP .......................................................................................................................

34

2.2.5 L2TP........................................................................................................................

35

2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond.....................................................................................................

36

2.2.7 DNS .........................................................................................................................

37

2.2.8 DDNS.......................................................................................................................

38

2.3 LAN............................................................................................................................

39

2.4 Wireless......................................................................................................................

41

2.4.1 Basic Settings..........................................................................................................

42

2.4.2 Advanced Settings..................................................................................................

46

2.4.3 Security ...................................................................................................................

48

2.4.3.1 WEP .....................................................................................................................

48

2.4.3.2 802.1x ...................................................................................................................

51

2.4.3.3 802.1x WEP Static key........................................................................................

52

2.4.3.4 WPA Pre-shared key ..........................................................................................

54

2.4.3.5 WPA Radius ........................................................................................................

56

2.4.4 Access Control........................................................................................................

56

 

2

2.5 NAT............................................................................................................................

58

2.5.1 Port Forwarding ....................................................................................................

59

2.5.2 Virtual Server.........................................................................................................

61

2.5.3 Special Applications...............................................................................................

64

2.5.4 UPnP Settings.........................................................................................................

66

2.5.5 ALG Settings ..........................................................................................................

67

2.6

Firewall ......................................................................................................................

67

2.6.1 Access Control........................................................................................................

68

2.6.2 URL Blocking.........................................................................................................

73

2.6.3 Denial of Service.....................................................................................................

74

2.6.4 DMZ ........................................................................................................................

75

Chapter 3 .........................................................................................................................

77

Status................................................................................................................................

77

3.1

Status and Information ............................................................................................

78

3.2

Internet Connection..................................................................................................

79

3.3

Device Status .............................................................................................................

80

3.4 System Log.................................................................................................................

81

3.5

Security Log...............................................................................................................

82

3.6 Active DHCP Client Table.......................................................................................

83

3.7

Statistics .....................................................................................................................

84

Chapter 4 .........................................................................................................................

85

Tool...................................................................................................................................

85

4.1

Configuration Tools..................................................................................................

86

4.2 Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................................

87

4.3

Reset ...........................................................................................................................

88

Appendix A......................................................................................................................

89

Glossary ...........................................................................................................................

90

3

Introduction

Congratulations on purchasing this Wireless Broadband Router. This Wireless Broadband Router is a cost-effective IP Sharing Router that enables multiple users to share the Internet through an ADSL or cable modem. Simply configure your Internet connection settings in the Wireless Broadband Router and plug your PC to the LAN port and you're ready to share files and access the Internet. As your network grows, you can connect another hub or switch to the router’s LAN ports, allowing you to easily expand your network. The Wireless Broadband Router is embedded with a IEEE 802.11g/b access point that allows you to build up a wireless LAN. The Wireless Broadband Router provides a total solution for the Small and Medium-sized Business (SMB) and the Small Office/Home Office (SOHO) markets, giving you an instant network today, and the flexibility to handle tomorrow's expansion and speed.

Features

High Internet Access throughput (50M)

Allows multiple users to share a single Internet line

Supports up to 253 users

Internet Access via Cable or xDSL modem

Accesses Private LAN Servers from the Public Network

Equipped with four LAN ports (10/100M) and one WAN port (10/100M)

Provides IEEE 802.11g/b wireless LAN access point

Supports DHCP (Server/Client) for easy setup

Supports advance features such as: Special Applications, DMZ, Virtual Servers, Access Control, Firewall.

Allows you to monitor the router’s status such as: DHCP Client Log, System Log, Security Log and Device/Connection Status

Easy to use Web-based GUI for configuration and management purposes

Remote Management allows configuration and upgrades from a remote site (over the Internet)

Minimum Requirements

One External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45)

Network Interface Card (NIC) for each Personal Computer (PC)

PCs with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer 4.0 or higher, or Netscape Navigator 4.7 or higher)

Package Content

One 4-port Broadband router unit

One Quick Installation Guide

One User Manual CD

One Power Adapter

Accessories

Note

The WAN “idle timeout” auto-disconnect function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software, computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example, some software sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your computer when you are not using it. This function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work properly when you use this function in the first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used.

4

Get to know the Broadband Router

Back Panel

The diagram (fig1.0) below shows the broadband router’s back panel. The router’s back panel is divided into three sections, LAN, WAN and Reset:

Figure 1.0

1) Local Area Network (LAN)

The Broadband router’s 4 LAN ports are where you connect your LAN’s PCs, printer servers, hubs and switches etc.

2) Wide Area Network (WAN)

The WAN port is the segment connected to your xDSL or Cable modem and is linked to the Internet.

3)Reset

The Reset button allows you to do one of two things.

1)If problems occur with your router, press the router’s reset button with a pencil tip (for less than 4 seconds) and the router will re-boot itself, keeping your original configurations.

2)If problems persist or you experience extreme problems or you forgot your password, press the reset button for longer than 4 seconds and the router will reset itself to the factory default settings (warning: your original configurations will be replaced with the factory default settings).

5

Front Panel

On the router’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the router’s current status. Below is an explanation of each LED and its description.

LED

 

Light Status

Description

PWR

 

ON

Router’s power supply is on

WAN

10/100M

ON

WAN port 100Mbps is connected

 

 

Off

WAN port 10Mbps is connected

WAN

LNK/ACT

ON

WAN is connected

 

 

Off

No WAN connection

 

 

Flashing

WAN port has Activity (ACT), data being sent

LAN

10/100M

ON

LAN port 100Mbps is connected

(Port 1-4)

Off

LAN port 10Mbps is connected

LAN

LNK/ACT

ON

LAN is connected

(Port 1-4)

Off

No LAN connection

 

 

Flashing

LAN port has Activity (ACT), data being sent

WLAN-G

ON

Wireless LAN has been activated

 

 

Off

Wireless LAN is disabled

 

 

Flashing

Wireless LAN has Activity (ACT) data being sent

 

 

 

 

6

Setup Diagram

Figure 1.2 below shows a typical setup for a Local Area Network (LAN).

Figure 1.2

Getting Started

This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the Internet.

1)Setup your network as shown in the setup diagram above (fig 1.2).

2)You then need to set your LAN PC clients so that it can obtain an IP address automatically. All LAN clients require an IP address. Just like an address, it allows LAN clients to find one another. (If you have already configured your PC to obtain an IP automatically then proceed to step 3, page 11)

Configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically.

By default the broadband router’s DHCP is on. This means that you can obtain an IP address automatically once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically. This section will show you how to configure your PC’s so that it can obtain an IP address automatically for either Windows 95/98/Me, 2000 or NT operating systems. For other operating systems (Macintosh, Sun, etc.), follow the manufacturer’s instructions. The following is a step-by-step illustration on how to configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically for 2a) Windows 95/98/Me, 2b) Windows XP, 2c) Windows 2000 and 2d) Windows NT.

2a) Windows 95/98/Me

7

1:Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.

2:Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear.

3:Check your list of Network Components. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 6.

4:In the Network Component Type dialog box, select Protocol and click Add button.

5:In the Select Network Protocol dialog box, select Microsoft and TCP/IP and then click the OK button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to complete the installation.

6:After installing TCP/IP, go back to the Network dialog box. Select TCP/IP from the list of

Network Components and then click the Properties button.

7:Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:

Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks.

Gateway: All fields are blank.

DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS.

WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution.

IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically.

8:Reboot the PC. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server

8

available on your LAN.

Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.

2b) Windows XP

1:Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Network Connections. The Network Connections window will appear.

2:Double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear.

3:Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on your list. Select it and click the Properties button.

4:In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically as shown on the following screen.

5:Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.

9

Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.

2c) Windows 2000

1:Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.

2:Double-click Network and Dial-up Connections icon. In the Network and Dial-up Connection window, double-click Local Area Connection icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear.

3:In the Local Area Connection window, click the Properties button.

4:Check your list of Network Components. You should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on your list. Select it and click the Properties button.

5:In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window, select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address automatically as shown on the following screen.

6:Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

10

Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.

Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.

2d) Windows NT

1:Click the Start button and select Settings, then click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will appear.

2:Double-click Network icon. The Network window will appear. Select the Protocol tab from the Network window.

3:Check if the TCP/IP Protocol is on your list of Network Protocols. If TCP/IP is not installed, click the Add button to install it now. If TCP/IP is installed, go to step 5.

4:In the Select Network Protocol window, select the TCP/IP Protocol and click the Ok button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. You may need your Windows CD to complete the installation.

5:After you install TCP/IP, go back to the Network window. Select TCP/IP from the list of

Network Protocols and then click the Properties button.

6:Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings:

IP Address: Select Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server.

DNS: Let all fields be blank.

WINS: Let all fields be blank.

Routing: Let all fields be blank.

11

7:Click OK to confirm the setting. Your PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from your Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN.

Once you’ve configured your PC to obtain an IP address automatically, please proceed to Step 3.

3)Once you have configured your PCs to obtain an IP address automatically, the router’s DHCP server will automatically give your LAN clients an IP address. By default the Broadband Router’s DHCP server is enabled so that you can obtain an IP address automatically. To see if you have obtained an IP address, see Appendix A.

Note: Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on your LAN. If there is another DHCP on your network, then you’ll need to switch one of the DHCP servers off. (To disable the Broadband router’s DHCP server see chapter 2 LAN Port)

4)Once your PC has obtained an IP address from your router, enter the default IP address 192.168.2.1 (broadband router’s IP address) into your PC’s web browser and press <enter>.

12

5)The login screen below will appear. Enter the “User Name” and “Password” and then click <OK> to login.

Note: By default the user name is “admin” and the password is “1234”. For security reasons it is recommended that you change the password as soon as possible (in General setup/system/password, see chapter 2)

6)The HOME page screen below will appear. The Home Page is divided into four sections,

Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools.

Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1)

If you only want to start using the broadband router as an Internet Access device then you ONLY need to configure the screens in the Quick Setup Wizard section.

General Setup (Chapter 2)

If you want to use more advanced features that the broadband router has to offer, then you’ll need to configure the Quick Setup Wizard and the General Setup section. Alternatively, you can just configure the General Setup section, since the General Setup/WAN and the Quick Setup Wizard contain the same configurations.

Status Information (Chapter 3)

The Status Information section is for you to monitor the router’s current status information only.

Tools (Chapter 4)

If you want to Reset the router (because of problems) or save your configurations or upgrade the firmware then the Tools section is the place to do this.

13

Menu

Description

Quick Setup Wizard (Chapter 1)

Select your Internet connection type and then

 

input the configurations needed to connect to

 

your Internet Service Provider (ISP).

General Setup (Chapter 2)

This section contains configurations for the

 

Broadband router’s advanced functions such as

 

Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access

 

Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, DMZ,

 

Special applications and other functions to meet

 

your LAN requirements.

Status Information (Chapter 3)

In this section you can see the Broadband

 

router's system information, Internet Connection,

 

Device Status, System Log, Security Log and

 

DHCP client information.

Tools (Chapter 4)

This section contains the broadband router’s

 

Tools - Tools include Configuration tools,

 

Firmware upgrade and Reset. Configuration

 

tools allow you to Backup (save), Restore, or

 

Restore to Factory Default configuration for your

 

Broadband router. The Firmware upgrade tool

 

 

 

14

 

allows you to upgrade your Broadband router's

 

firmware. The RESET tool allows you to reset

 

your Broadband router.

Logout

Selecting logout will return you to the LOGIN

 

page.

7)Click on Quick Setup Wizard (see chapter 1) to start configuring settings required by your ISP so that you can start accessing the Internet. The other sections (General Setup, Status Information and Tools) do not need to be configured unless you wish to implement/monitor more advanced features/information.

Select the section (Quick Setup Wizard, General Setup, Status Information and Tools) you wish to configure and proceed to the corresponding chapter. Use the selections on the web management’s top right hand page (see below) to navigate around the web-based management User Interface.

15

Chapter 1

Quick Setup

The Quick Setup section is designed to get you using the broadband router as quickly as possible. In the Quick Setup you are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet. Once you click on the Quick Setup Wizard in the HOME page, you should see the screen below.

Step 1) Time Zone

The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, this will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.

Parameter

Description

Set Time Zone

Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.

 

The router will set its time based on your selection.

Time Server Address

You can manually assign time server address if the

 

default time server dose not work.

Enable Daylight Savings

The router can also take Daylight savings into account. If

 

you wish to use this function, you must check/tick the

 

 

 

16

 

enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration

 

(below).

Start Daylight Savings Time

Select the period in which you wish to start daylight

 

Savings Time.

End Daylight Savings Time

Select the period in which you wish to end daylight

 

Savings Time.

Click on NEXT to proceed to the next page (step 2) Broadband Type.

Step 2) Broadband Type

In this section you have to select one of four types of connections that you will be using to connect your broadband router’s WAN port to your ISP (see screen below).

Note: Different ISP’s require different methods of connecting to the Internet, please check with your ISP as to the type of connection it requires.

Menu

Description

1.1 Cable Modem

Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address

1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL

Your ISP has given you an IP address already

 

 

 

17

1.3

PPPoE

Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Protocol over

 

 

Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.

1.4

PPTP

Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

 

 

(PPTP) connection.

1.5

L2TP

Your ISP requires you to use a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol

 

 

(L2TP) connection.

1.6

Telstra Big Pond

This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection.

Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 or 1.6). Click on Back to return to the previous screen.

1.1 Cable Modem

Choose Cable Modem if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also require that you fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen below).

Note: The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and you can skip this section if your ISP does not require these settings for you to connect to the Internet.

18

Parameters

Description

Host Name

If your ISP requires a Host Name, type in the host name

 

provided by your ISP, otherwise leave it blank if your ISP does

 

not require a Host Name.

MAC Address

Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you

 

to connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC

 

address that your ISP had originally connected your Internet

 

connection to. Type in this MAC address in this section or use

 

the “Clone MAC Address” button to replace the WAN MAC

 

address with the MAC address of that PC (you have to be using

 

that PC for the Clone MAC Address button to work). To find out

 

the PC’s MAC address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an

 

explanation on MAC address.)

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Cable Modem connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

1.2 Fixed-IP xDSL

Select Fixed-IP xDSL if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section.

19

Parameters

Description

IP

This is the IP address that your ISP has given you.

Gateway IP

This is the ISP’s IP address gateway.

DNS

This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address.

Subnet Mask

Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP

 

(e.g. 255.255.255.0).

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Fixed-IP x DSL connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

1.3 PPPoE

Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section.

20

Parameter

Description

User Name

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPPoE

 

connection.

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPPoE

 

connection.

Service Name

This is optional. Enter the Service name should your ISP

 

requires it, otherwise leave it blank.

MTU

This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your

 

transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you do not

 

wish to set a maximum packet size.

Connection Type

If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the

 

ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again, the router will

 

auto-reconnect to the ISP.

 

If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect

 

to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep

 

connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router will close the

 

WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the

 

Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.

 

If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when

 

you click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. The

 

WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. If the

 

WAN line breaks down and later links again, the router will not

 

auto-connect to the ISP.

Idle Time

You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN

 

port. This means if no packets have been sent (no one using the

 

Internet) during this specified period, the router will automatically

 

disconnect the connection with your ISP.

 

Note: This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal

 

activities of some network application software, computer virus

 

or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example, some software

 

sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even

 

when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your

 

computer when you are not using it. This function also may not

 

work with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work

 

properly when you use this function at the first time, especially if

 

your ISP charge you by time used.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the PPPoE connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

1.4 PPTP

Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section.

21

Parameter

Description

Obtain an IP address

The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP

automatically

before connecting to the PPTP server.

Use the following IP address The ISP give you a static IP to be used to connect to the

 

PPTP server.

IP Address

This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to

 

establish a PPTP connection.

Subnet Mask

Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP

 

(e.g. 255.255.255.0).

Gateway

Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway.

User ID

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection, sometimes called a Connection ID.

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection.

22

PPTP Gateway

If your LAN has a PPTP gateway, then enter that PPTP gateway

 

IP address here. If you do not have a PPTP gateway then enter

 

the ISP’s Gateway IP address above.

Connection ID

This is the ID given by ISP. This is optional.

BEZEQ-ISRAEL

Select this item if you are using the service provided by BEZEQ

 

in Israel.

Connection Type

If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the

 

ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again, the router will

 

auto-reconnect to the ISP.

 

If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect

 

to the ISP when someone want to use the Internet and keep

 

connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router will close the

 

WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the

 

Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.

 

If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when

 

you click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. The

 

WAN connection will not disconnected due to the idle timeout. If

 

the WAN line breaks down and latter links again, the router will

 

not auto-connect to the ISP.

Idle Time

You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN

 

port. This means if no packets have been sent (no one using the

 

Internet) throughout this specified period, then the router will

 

automatically disconnect the connection with your ISP.

 

Note: This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal

 

activities of some network application software, computer virus

 

or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example, some software

 

sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even

 

when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your

 

computer when you are not using it. This function also may not

 

work with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work

 

properly when you use this function in the first time, especially

 

your ISP charge you by time used.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the PPTP connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

1.5 L2TP

Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section.

23

Parameter

Description

Obtain an IP address

The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP

automatically

before connecting to the L2TP server.

MAC Address

Your ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for you

 

to connect to the Internet. This MAC address is the PC's MAC

 

address that your ISP had originally connected your Internet

 

connection to. Type in this MAC address in this section or use

 

the "Clone MAC Address" button to replace the WAN MAC

 

address with the MAC address of that PC (you have to be using

 

that PC for the Clone MAC Address button to work). To find out

 

the PC's MAC address see Appendix A. (see Glossary for an

 

explanation on MAC address.)

Use the following IP address The ISP gives you a static IP to be used to connect to the

 

L2TP server.

IP Address

This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to

 

establish a L2TP connection.

Subnet Mask

Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP

 

(e.g. 255.255.255.0)

Gateway

Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway

 

 

 

24

User ID

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection. Sometimes called a Connection ID

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection

L2TP Gateway

If your LAN has a L2TP gateway, then enter that L2TP gateway

 

IP address here. If you do not have a L2TP gateway then enter

 

the ISP’s Gateway IP address above

MTU

This is optional. You can specify the maximum size of your

 

transmission packet to the Internet. Leave it as it is if you to not

 

wish to set a maximum packet size.

Connection Type

If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the

 

ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again, the router will

 

auto-reconnect to the ISP.

 

If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect

 

to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep

 

connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router will close the

 

WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the

 

Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.

 

If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when

 

you click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. The

 

WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. If the

 

WAN line breaks down and latter links again, the router will not

 

auto-connect to the ISP.

Idle Time Out

The WAN "idle timeout" auto-disconnect function may not work

 

due to abnormal activities of some network application software,

 

computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example,

 

some software sends network packets to the Internet in the

 

background, even when you are not using the Internet. This

 

function also may not work with some ISP. So please make sure

 

this function can work properly when you use this function in the

 

first time, especially your ISP charge you by time used. Due to

 

the many uncontrollable issues, we do not guarantee the WAN

 

"idle timeout" auto-disconnect function will always work. In order

 

to prevent from extra fee charged by ISP, please TURN OFF

 

THE ROUTER WHEN YOU FINISHED USING THE INTERNET.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the L2TPP connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

1.6 Telstra Big Pond

Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.

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Parameter

Description

User Name

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big

 

Pond connection

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big

 

Pond connection

User deside login server

Select if you want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login

manually

server manually.

Login Server

The IP of the Login Server.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

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Chapter 2

General Settings

Once you click on the General Setup button at the Home Page, you should see the screen below.

If you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard you do NOT need to configure anything in the General Setup screen for you to start using the Internet.

The General Setup contain advanced features that allow you to configure the router to meet your network’s needs such as Wireless, Address Mapping, Virtual Server, Access Control, Hacker Attack Prevention, Special Applications, DMZ and other functions.

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Below is a general description of what advanced functions are available for this broadband router.

Menu

Description

2.1 System

This section allows you to set the Broadband router’s system

 

Time Zone, Password and Remote Management Administrator.

2.2 WAN

This section allows you to select the connection method in order

 

to establish a connection with your ISP (same as the Quick

 

Setup Wizard section)

2.3 LAN

You can specify the LAN segment’s IP address, subnet Mask,

 

enable/disable DHCP and select an IP range for your LAN

2.4 Wireless

You can setup the wireless LAN’s SSID, WEP key, MAC filtering.

2.5 NAT

You can configure the Address Mapping, Virtual Server and

 

Special Applications functions in this section. This allows you to

 

specify what user/packet can pass your router’s NAT.

2.6 Firewall

The Firewall section allows you to configure Access Control,

 

Hacker Prevention and DMZ.

Select one of the above five General Setup selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant subsection.

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2.1 System

The system screen allows you to specify a time zone, to change the system password and to specify a remote management user for the broadband router.

Parameters

Description

System Settings

 

2.1.1 Time Zone

Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.

 

The router will set its time based on your selection.

2.1.2 Password Settings

Allows you to select a password in order to access the

 

web-based management website.

2.1.3 Remote Management

You can specify a Host IP address that can perform

 

remote management functions.

Select one of the above three system settings selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

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2.1.1 Time Zone

The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings configured here, which will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.

Parameter

Description

Set Time Zone

Select the time zone of the country you are currently in.

 

The router will set its time based on your selection.

Time Server Address

The router default the “Time Server Address” is

 

“192.43.244.18”

Enable Daylight Savings

The router can also take Daylight savings into account. If

 

you wish to use this function, you must check/tick the

 

enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration

 

(below).

Start Daylight Savings Time

Select the period in which you wish to start daylight

 

Savings Time

End Daylight Savings Time

Select the period in which you wish to end daylight

 

Savings Time

 

 

 

 

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Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.1.2 Password Settings

You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system web-based management. By default, there is no password. So please assign a password to the Administrator as soon as possible, and store it in a safe place. Passwords can contain 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.

Parameters

Description

Current Password

Enter your current password for the remote management

 

administrator to login to your Broadband router.

 

Note: By default there is NO password.

New Password

Enter your new password.

Confirmed Password

Enter your new password again for verification purposes.

 

Note: If you forget your password, you’ll have to reset the router

 

to the factory default (No password) with the reset button (see

 

router’s back panel).

 

 

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Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.1.3 Remote Management

The remote management function allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to configure the Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the Host IP Address field.

Parameters

Description

Host Address

This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have

 

management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a

 

remote site. This means if you are at home and your home IP address

 

has been designated the Remote Management host IP address for this

 

router (located in your company office), then you are able to configure

 

this router from your home. If the Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means

 

anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote

 

location, providing they know the password.

 

Click the Enabled box to enable the Remote Management function.

 

Note: When you want to access the web-based management from a

 

remote site, you must enter the router’s WAN IP address (e.g. 10.0.0.1)

 

into your web-browser followed by port number 8080, e.g. 10.0.0.1:8080

 

(see below). You’ll also need to know the password set in the Password

 

Setting screen in order to access the router’s web-based management.

 

 

 

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Port

The port number of remote management web interface.

Enabled

Select “Enabled” to enable the remote management function.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.2 WAN

Use the WAN Settings screen if you have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and you would like to change your Internet connection type. The WAN Settings screen allows to specify the type of WAN port connect you want to establish with your ISP. The WAN settings offer the following selections for the router’s WAN port, Dynamic IP, Static IP Address, PPPoE,

PPTP, L2TP, Telstra Big Pond, DNS and DDNS.

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Parameters

Description

2.2.1 Dynamic IP address

Your ISP will automatically give you an IP address

2.2.2 Static IP address

Your ISP has given you an IP address already.

2.2.3 PPPoE

Your ISP requires PPPoE connection.

2.2.4 PPTP

Your ISP requires you to use a Point-to-Point Tunneling

 

Protocol (PPTP) connection.

2.2.5 L2TP

Your ISP requires L2TP connection.

2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond

Your ISP requires Telstra Big Pond connection.

2.2.7 DNS

You can specify a DNS server that you wish to use

2.2.8 DDNS

You can specify a DDNS server that you wish to use and

 

configure the user name and password provided by you

 

DDNS service provider.

Once you have made a selection, click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

2.2.1 Dynamic IP

Choose the Dynamic IP selection if your ISP will automatically give you an IP address. Some ISP’s may also require that you fill in additional information such as Host Name, Domain Name and MAC address (see chapter 1 “Cable Modem” for more detail).

2.2.2 Static IP Address

Select Static IP address if your ISP has given you a specific IP address for you to use. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “Fixed IP” for more detail)

2.2.3 PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet)

Select PPPoE if your ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPPoE” for more detail)

2.2.4 PPTP

Select PPTP if your ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. (See chapter 1 “PPTP” for more detail).

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2.2.5 L2TP

Select L2TP if your ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section.

Parameter

Description

Obtain an IP address

The ISP requires you to obtain an IP address by DHCP

automatically

before connecting to the L2TP server.

Use the following IP address The ISP give you a static IP to be used to connect to the L2TP server.

IP Address

This is the IP address that your ISP has given you to

 

establish a L2TP connection.

Subnet Mask

Enter the Subnet Mask provided by your ISP

 

(e.g. 255.255.255.0)

Gateway

Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway

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User ID

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection. Sometimes called a Connection ID.

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the PPTP

 

connection.

L2TP Gateway

If your LAN has a L2TP gateway, then enter that L2TP gateway

 

IP address here. If you do not have a L2TP gateway then enter

 

the ISP’s Gateway IP address above.

Connection Type

If you select “Continuous”, the router will always connect to the

 

ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again, the router will

 

auto-reconnect to the ISP.

 

If you select “Connect On Demand”, the router will auto-connect

 

to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep

 

connected until the WAN idle timeout. The router will close the

 

WAN connection if the time period that no one is using the

 

Internet exceeds the “Idle Time”.

 

If you select “Manual”, the router will connect to ISP only when

 

you click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. The

 

WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. If the

 

WAN line breaks down and later links again, the router will not

 

auto-connect to the ISP.

Idle Time Out

You can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN

 

port. This means if no packets have been sent (no one using the

 

Internet) throughout this specified period, then the router will

 

automatically disconnect the connection with your ISP.

 

Note: This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal

 

activities of some network application software, computer virus

 

or hacker attacks from the Internet. For example, some software

 

sends network packets to the Internet in the background, even

 

when you are not using the Internet. So please turn off your

 

computer when you are not using it. This function also may not

 

work with some ISP. So please make sure this function can work

 

properly when you use this function at the first time, especially if

 

your ISP charge you by time used.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the L2TPP connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

2.2.6 Telstra Big Pond

Select Telstra Big Pond if your ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect you to the Internet. Your ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia.

36

Parameter

Description

User Name

Enter the User Name provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big

 

Pond connection.

Password

Enter the Password provided by your ISP for the Telstra Big

 

Pond connection.

User decide login server

Select if you want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login

manually

server manually.

Login Server

The IP of the Login Server.

Click <OK> when you have finished the configuration above. Congratulations! You have completed the configuration for the Telstra Big Pond connection. You can start using the router now. If you wish to use some of the advanced features supported by this router, see chapter 2, 3, 4.

2.2.7 DNS

A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses. If you type a Web address into your browser, such as www.router.com, a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and

37

convenience. If your Service Provider connects you to the Internet with dynamic IP settings, it is likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically. However, if there is a DNS server that you would rather use, you need to specify the IP address of that DNS server here.

Parameters

Description

Domain Name Server (DNS) Server

This is the ISP’s DNS server IP address that

 

they gave you; or you can specify your own

 

preferred DNS server IP address

Secondary DNS Address (optional)

This is optional. You can enter another DNS

 

server’s IP address as a backup. The secondary

 

DNS will be used should the above DNS fail.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.2.8 DDNS

DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get an account, password and your static domain name from the DDNS service providers. This router supports DynDNS and TZO.

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Parameters

Default

Description

Enable/Disable

Disable

Enable/Disable the DDNS function of this router.

Provider

 

Select a DDNS service provider.

Domain name

 

Your static domain name that uses DDNS.

Account/E-mail

 

The account that your DDNS service provider

 

 

assigned to you.

Password/Key

 

The password you set for the DDNS service

 

 

account above.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.3 LAN

The LAN Port screen below allows you to specify a private IP address for your router’s LAN ports as well as a subnet mask for your LAN segment.

39

Parameters

Default

Description

LAN IP

 

 

IP address

192.168.2.1

This is the router’s LAN port IP address (Your

 

 

LAN clients default gateway IP address).

IP Subnet Mask

255.255.255.0

Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment.

802.1d Spanning Tree Disabled

If 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled, this

 

 

router will use the spanning tree protocol to

 

 

prevent from network loop happened in the LAN

 

 

ports.

DHCP Server

Enabled

You can enable or disable the DHCP server. By

 

 

enabling the DHCP server the router will

 

 

automatically give your LAN clients an IP

 

 

address. If the DHCP is not enabled then you’ll

 

 

have to manually set your LAN client’s IP

 

 

addresses; make sure the LAN Client is in the

 

 

same subnet as this broadband router if you

 

 

want the router to be your LAN client’s default

 

 

gateway

Lease Time

 

The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give

 

 

your LAN clients an IP address. In the Lease

 

 

 

 

 

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Time setting you can specify the time period that

 

the DHCP lends an IP address to your LAN

 

clients. The DHCP will change your LAN client’s

 

IP address when this time threshold period is

 

reached

IP Address Pool

You can select a particular IP address range for

 

your DHCP server to issue IP addresses to your

 

LAN Clients.

 

Note: By default the IP range is from: Start IP

 

192.168.2.100 to End IP 192.168.2.199. If you

 

want your PC to have a static/fixed IP address

 

then you’ll have to choose an IP address outside

 

this IP address Pool

Domain Name

You can specify a Domain Name for your LAN.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advance sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place)

2.4 Wireless

Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs be equipped with IEEE 802.11b wireless network adaptor connecting to your Intranet. It supports WEP encryption to enhance the security of your wireless network.

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Parameters

Default

Description

Enable or disable

Enable

You can select to enable or disable the wireless

Wireless module

 

access point module of this router.

 

 

function

 

 

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.4.1 Basic Settings

You can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router. The parameters include Mode, ESSID , Channel Number and Associated Client.

AP Mode setting Page

42

AP Bridge-Point to Point mode setting page

43

AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode setting page

44

AP Bridge-WDS mode setting page

Parameters

Default

Description

Mode

 

It allows to set the AP to AP or WDS mode.

ESSID

default

This is the name of the wireless LAN. All the

 

 

devices in the same wireless LAN should have

 

 

the same ESSID.

Channel Number

11

The channel used by the wireless LAN. All

 

 

devices in the same wireless LAN should use

 

 

the same channel.

Associated Clients

 

Click “Show Active Clients” button, then an

 

 

“Active Wireless Client Table” will pop up. You

 

 

can see the status of all active wireless stations

 

 

that are connecting to the access point.

MAC address

 

If you want to bridge more than one networks

 

 

together with wireless LAN, you have to set this

 

 

access point to “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”,

 

 

“AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP

 

 

Bridge-WDS mode”. You have to enter the MAC

 

 

 

 

 

45

addresses of other access points that join the bridging work.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.4.2 Advanced Settings

You can set advanced wireless LAN parameters of this router. The parameters include Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, Preamble Type… You should not change these parameters unless you know what effect the changes will have on this router.

Parameters

Default

Description

Authentication Type

 

There are two authentication types: "Open

 

 

System" and "Shared Key". When you select

 

 

"Open System", wireless stations can associate

 

 

with this wireless router without WEP encryption.

 

 

When you select "Shared Key", you should also

 

 

setup WEP key in the "Encryption" page and

 

 

wireless stations should use WEP encryption in

 

 

the authentication phase to associate with this

 

 

wireless router. If you select "Both", the wireless

 

 

 

 

 

46

 

client can associate with this wireless router by

 

using any one of these two authentication types.

Fragment Threshold

"Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum

 

size of packet during the fragmentation of data

 

to be transmitted. If you set this value too low, it

 

will result in bad performance.

RTS Threshold

When the packet size is smaller than the RTS

 

threshold, the wireless router will not use the

 

RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.

Beacon Interval

The interval of time that this wireless router

 

broadcast a beacon. Beacon is used to

 

synchronize the wireless network.

DTIM Period

Determines the interval the Access Point will

 

send its broadcast traffic.

Transmit Rate

The “Transmit Rate” is the rate this access point

 

uses to transmit data packets. The access point

 

will use the highest possible selected

 

transmission rate to transmit the data packets.

Broadcast ESSID

If you enable “Broadcast ESSID”, every wireless

 

station located within the coverage of this

 

access point can discover this access point

 

easily. If you are building a public wireless

 

network, enabling this feature is recommended.

 

Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better

 

security.

Operating Rates Mode

It allows to select the “Mixed Mode(11g/b)” or

 

“11g only mode”.

CTS Protection

it is recommended to enable the protection

 

mechanism. This mechanism can decrease the

 

rate of data collision between 802.11b and

 

802.11g wireless stations. When the protection

 

mode is enabled, the throughput of the AP will

 

be a little lower due to many of frame traffic

 

should be transmitted.

 

Auto – Based on the status of the network and

 

automatically disable/enable protection mode.

 

Always – Always enable the protection mode.

 

None – Always disable the protection mode.

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Transmit Burst Mode

Transmit Burst enables the AP to deliver

 

the better throughput in the same period

 

and environment.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router.

2.4.3 Security

This Access Point provides complete wireless LAN security functions, include WEP, IEEE 802.11x, IEEE 802.11x with WEP, WPA with pre-shared key and WPA with RADIUS. With these security functions, you can prevent your wireless LAN from illegal access. Please make sure your wireless stations use the same security function.

2.4.3.1 WEP

Parameters

Default

Description

WEP Mode

Disabled

You can select the WEP key length for

 

 

encryption, 64-bit, 128-bit or 152-bit. Larger

 

 

WEP key length will provide higher level of

 

 

security, but the throughput will be lower. You

48

also can select Disabled to transmit data without encryption.

When you select 64-bit 128-bit or 152-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to encrypt data. You can generate the key by yourself and enter it. You also can enter a passphrase and let the router generate WEP key for you. In the 64-bit WEP mode, you can enter four WEP keys and select one of them as the default key. Then the router can receive any packets encrypted by one of the four keys.

49

50

Parameters

Default

Description

Key Format

 

You may select to select ASCII Characters

 

 

(alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in

 

 

the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) to be the WEP

 

 

Key.

 

 

For example:

 

 

ASCII Characters: guest

 

 

Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde

Key Length

 

You may disable or enable the WEP function

 

 

from the setting item. The selections in the

 

 

setting item are changed based on the key

 

 

format.

Key 1 - Key 4

 

The WEP keys are used to encrypt data

 

 

transmitted in the wireless network. Fill the text

 

 

box by following the rules below.

 

 

64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the "A-

 

 

F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII

 

 

character as the encryption keys.

 

 

128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the

 

 

"A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit ASCII

 

 

characters as the encryption keys.

Default Key

 

Select one of the four keys to encrypt your data.

 

 

Only the key you select in the "Default key" will

 

 

take effect.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advance settings in place).

2.4.3.2 802.1x

IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. You can use an external RADIUS server or use the RADIUS server built-in with the Access Point. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE 802.1x, but it does not encrypt the data during communication.

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Parameters

Default

Description

RADIUS Server IP address

The IP address of external RADIUS server.

RADIUS Server Port

 

The service port of the external RADIUS server.

RADIUS Server Password

The password used by external RADIUS server.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.4.3.3 802.1x WEP Static key

IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server. You can use an external RADIUS server or use the RADIUS server built-in with the Access Point. This mode also uses WEP to encrypt the data during communication.

52

53

Parameters

Default

Description

Key Length

 

You can select the 64-bit or 128-bit key to

 

 

encrypt transmitted data. Larger WEP key length

 

 

will provide higher level of security, but the

 

 

throughput will be lower. You also can select

 

 

Disable to transmit data without encryption.

Key Format

 

You may select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric

 

 

format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f”

 

 

and “0-9” range) to be the WEP Key.

 

 

For example:

 

 

ASCII Characters: guest

 

 

Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde

Key 1 - Key 4

 

The WEP keys are used to encrypt data

 

 

transmitted in the wireless network. Fill the text

 

 

box by following the rules below.

 

 

64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the “A-

 

 

F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or 5-digit ASCII

 

 

character as the encryption keys.

 

 

128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the

 

 

“A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or 13-digit ASCII

 

 

characters as the encryption keys.

Default Key

 

Select one of the four keys to encrypt your data.

 

 

Only the key you select in the “Default key” will

 

 

take effect.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.4.3.4 WPA Pre-shared key

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use a pre-shared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP to change the encryption key frequently. This can highly improve security.

54

Parameters

Default

Description

TKIP

 

TKIP can change the encryption key frequently

 

 

to enhance the wireless LAN security.

AES

 

AES can change the encryption key frequently

 

 

to enhance the wireless LAN security.

Pre-shared Key Format

 

You may select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric

 

 

format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”, “a-f”

 

 

and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key. For

 

 

example:

 

 

ASCII Characters: iamguest

 

 

Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde

Pre-shared Key

 

The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and

 

 

encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network.

 

 

Fill the text box by following the rules below.

 

 

Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-

 

 

F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at least 8 character

 

 

pass phrase as the pre-shared keys.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.4.3.5 WPA Radius

Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP to change the encryption key frequently. This can highly improve security.

Parameters

Default

Description

RADIUS Server IP address

The IP address of external RADIUS server.

RADIUS Server Port

 

The service port of the external RADIUS server.

RADIUS Server Password

The password used by external RADIUS server.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.4.4 Access Control

This wireless router provides MAC Address Control, which prevents the unauthorized MAC Addresses from accessing your wireless network.

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Parameters

Description

 

Enable wireless access control

Enable wireless access control

Add MAC address into the list

Fill in the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the

 

wireless station to be added and then click "Add".

 

Then this wireless station will be added to the

 

"Current Access Control List" below. If you find

 

any issue before adding it and want to retype

 

again, just click "Clear" and both "MAC Address"

 

and "Comment" fields will be cleared.

Remove MAC address from the list

If you want to remove some MAC address from

 

the "Current Access Control List ", select the

 

MAC addresses you want to remove in the list

 

and then click "Delete Selected". If you want

 

remove all MAC addresses from the table, just

 

click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear

 

your current selections.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.5 NAT

Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to access the Internet through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. NAT provides Firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility to allow you to map Private IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP.

Parameter

Description

2.5.1 Port Forwarding

You can have different services (e.g. email, FTP, Web

 

etc.) going to different service servers/clients in your

 

LAN. The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a

 

particular range of service port numbers (from the

 

Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address.

2.5.2 Virtual Server

You can have different services (e.g. email, FTP, Web

 

etc.) going to different service servers/clients in your

 

LAN. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a

 

particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN

 

Port) to a particular LAN IP address and its service port

 

number.

2.5.3 Special Applications

Some applications require multiple connections, such as

 

Internet games, video conferencing, Internet telephony

 

and others. In this section you can configure the router

 

to support these types of applications.

 

 

 

 

 

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2.5.4 UPnP Setting

It allows to Enable or Disable UPnP feature here. After

 

you enable the UPnP feature, all client systems that

 

support UPnP, like Windows XP, can discover this router

 

automatically and access the Internet through this router

 

without any configuration. The NAT Traversal function

 

provided by UPnP can let applications that support

 

UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any

 

incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation.

2.5.5 ALG Setting

You can select special applications that need

 

“Application Layer Gateway” to support here.

Click on one of the three NAT selections and proceed to the manual's relevant sub-section.

2.5.1 Port Forwarding

The Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host some servers behind the router NAT firewall.

Parameter

Description

Enable Port Forwarding

Enable Port Forwarding

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Private IP

This is the private IP of the server behind the

 

NAT firewall.

 

Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a

 

fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding to

 

work properly.

Type

This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You

 

can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets

 

only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and

 

“UDP” packets.

Port Range

The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.

Comment

The description of this setting.

Add Port Forwarding into the table

Fill in the "Private IP", “Type”, “Port Range” and

 

"Comment" of the setting to be added and then

 

click "Add". Then this Port Forwarding setting

 

will be added into the "Current Port Forwarding

 

Table" below. If you find any typo before adding

 

it and want to retype again, just click "Clear" and

 

the fields will be cleared.

Remove Port Forwarding into the table

If you want to remove some Port Forwarding

 

settings from the " Current Port Forwarding

 

Table", select the Port Forwarding settings you

 

want to remove in the table and then click

 

"Delete Selected". If you want remove all Port

 

Forwarding settings from the table, just click

 

"Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your

 

current selections.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.5.2 Virtual Server

Use the Virtual Server function when you want different servers/clients in your LAN to handle different service/Internet application type (e.g. Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from the Internet. Computers use numbers called port numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application type. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port number. (See Glossary for an explanation on Port number.)

Parameters

Description

Enable Virtual Server

Enable Virtual Server.

Private IP

This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port

 

number packet will be sent to.

 

Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP

 

address for Virtual Server to work properly.

Private Port

This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the

 

below Public Port number will be changed to when the packet

 

enters your LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP).

Type

Select the port number protocol type (TCP, UDP or both). If you

 

are unsure, then leave it to the default both protocol.

 

 

 

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Public Port

Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number from

 

the Internet that will be re-directed to the above Private IP

 

address host in your LAN.

 

Note: Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ

 

function if there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the

 

DMZ settings.

Comment

The description of this setting.

Add Virtual Server

Fill in the "Private IP", "Private Port", "Type", “Public Port” and

 

"Comment" of the setting to be added and then click "Add". Then

 

this Virtual Server setting will be added into the "Current Virtual

 

Server Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and

 

want to retype again, just click "Clear" and the fields will be

 

cleared.

Remove Virtual Server

If you want to remove some Virtual Server settings from the

 

"Current Virtual Server Table", select the Virtual Server settings

 

you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected".

 

If you want remove all Virtual Server settings from the table, just

 

click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current

 

selections.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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Example: Virtual Server

The diagram below demonstrates one of the ways you can use the Virtual Server function. Use the Virtual Server when you want the web server located in your private LAN to be accessible to Internet users. The configuration below means that any request coming form the Internet to access your web server will be translated to your LAN’s web server (192.168.2.2). Note: For the virtual server to work properly Internet/remote users must know your global IP address. (For websites you will need to have a fixed/static global/public IP address.)

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2.5.3 Special Applications

Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router to support multiple connections for these types of applications.

Parameters

Description

Enable Trigger Port

Enable the Special Application function.

Trigger Port

This is the out going (Outbound) range of port numbers for this

 

particular application.

Trigger Type

Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”, “UDP” or

 

both.

Public Port

Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of

 

application (e.g. 2300-2400, 47624)

 

Note: Individual port numbers are separated by a comma

 

(e.g. 47624, 5775, 6541 etc.). To input a port range use a “dash”

 

to separate the two port number range (e.g. 2300-2400).

Public Type

Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”, “UDP” or both.

 

 

 

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Comment

The description of this setting.

Popular applications

This section lists the more popular applications that require

 

multiple connections. Select an application from the Popular

 

Applications selection. Once you have selected an application,

 

select a location (1-10) in the Copy to selection box and then

 

click the Copy to button. This will automatically list the Public

 

Ports required for this popular application in the location (1-10)

 

you’d specified.

Add Special Application

Fill in the "Trigger Port", "Trigger Type”, “Public Port”, "Public

 

Type", "Public Port" and "Comment" of the setting to be added

 

and then click "Add". Then this Special Application setting will be

 

added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table" below. If you find any

 

typo before adding it and want to retype again, just click "Clear"

 

and the fields will be cleared.

 

If you want to add a popular application, select one “Popular

 

Application” and then click “Add”.

Remove Special Application If you want to remove some Special Application settings from the " Current Trigger-Port Table", select the Special Application settings you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all Special Application settings from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your current selections.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

Example: Special Applications

If you need to run applications that require multiple connections, then specify the port (outbound) normally associated with that application in the "Trigger Port" field. Then select the protocol type (TCP or UDP) and enter the public ports associated with the trigger port to open them up for inbound traffic.

Example:

ID

Trigger Port

Trigger Type

Public Port

Public Type

Comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

28800

UDP

2300-2400, 47624

TCP

MSN Game Zone

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

6112

UDP

6112

UDP

Battle.net

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the example above, when a user triggers port 28800 (outbound) for MSN Game Zone then the router will allow incoming packets for ports 2300-2400 and 47624 to be directed to that user. Note: Only one LAN client can use a particular special application at a time.

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2.5.4 UPnP Settings

With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically. So you do not have to do any configuration for your PC but to access the Internet through this router easily.

Parameters

Default

Description

UPnP Feature

Disable

You can Enable or Disable UPnP feature here.

 

 

After you enable the UPnP feature, all client

 

 

systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP,

 

 

can discover this router automatically and

 

 

access the Internet through this router without

 

 

any configuration. The NAT Traversal function

 

 

provided by UPnP can let applications that

 

 

support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites

 

 

without any incompatibility problem due to the

 

 

NAPT port translation.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.5.5 ALG Settings

You can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” to support.

Parameters

Default

Description

Enable

 

You can select to enable “Application Layer

 

 

Gateway”, then the router will let that application

 

 

correctly pass through the NAT gateway.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

2.6 Firewall

The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters, thus limiting the risk of hacker attack, and defending against a wide array of common Internet attacks. However, for applications that require unrestricted access to the Internet, you can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).

Note: To enable the Firewall settings select Enable and click Apply.

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Parameters

Description

2.6.1 Access Control

Access Control allows you to specify which hosts users can or

 

cannot have access to certain Internet applications.

2.6.2 URL Blocking

URL Blocking allow you to specify which URLs can not be

 

accessed by users.

2.6.3 Intrusion Detection

The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker

 

attacks and can log the attack activities.

2.6.4 DMZ

The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to

 

your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN.

Click on one of the firewall selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

2.6.1 Access Control

If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet websites, email, FTP etc.), then this is the place to set that configuration. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in your LAN. You can control which PC client can have access to these services.

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Parameters

Description

Filter client PCs by IP

Fill “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP.

Add PC

You can click Add PC to add an access control rule for

 

users by IP addresses.

Remove PC

If you want to remove some PC from the "IP Filtering

 

Table", select the PC you want to remove in the table

 

and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all

 

PCs from the table, just click "Delete All" button.

Filter client PC by MAC address Add PC

Remove PC

Check “Enable MAC Filtering” to enable MAC Filtering.

Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed to access the Internet, and then click “Add”. If you find any typo before adding it and want to retype again, just click "Reset" and the fields will be cleared.

If you want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table", select the PC you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove

69

all PCs from the table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear the selection and re-select again, just click “Reset”.

You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

Add PC

Parameters

Description

Client PC Description

The description for this client PC rule.

Client PC IP Addresses

Enter the IP address that you wish to apply this Access

 

Control rule. This is the user’s IP address(es) that you

 

wish to setup an Access Control rule.

 

Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a

 

fixed/static IP address for the Access Control rule to

 

work properly.

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Client PC Service

You can block the clients from accessing some Internet

 

services by checking the services you want to block.

Protocol

This allows you to select UDP, TCP or both protocol

 

types you want to block.

Port Range

It can be assign up to five port ranges. The router will

 

block clients from accessing Internet services that use

 

these ports.

Apply Changes

Click “Apply Changes” to save the setting.

Reset

Click “Reset” to clear all fields.

Click <Apply Changes> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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Example: Access Control

In the example below, LAN client A can only access websites that use Port 80. However, LAN client B is able to access websites and any other service that uses ports between 80 and 999.

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2.6.2 URL Blocking

You can block access to some Websites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Website.

Parameters

Description

Enable URL Blocking

Enable/disable URL Blocking.

Add URL Keyword

Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click “Add”. You can

 

enter the full URL address or the keyword of the website

 

you want to block. If you find any typo before adding it

 

and want to retype again, just click "Reset" and the field

 

will be cleared.

Remove URL Keyword

If you want to remove some URL keyword from the

 

"Current URL Blocking Table", select the URL keyword

 

you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete

 

Selected". If you want remove all URL keyword from the

 

table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear

 

the selection and re-select again, just click “Reset”.

You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.6.3 Denial of Service

The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks, including Denial of Service, Ping of Death, Port Scan and Sync Flood. If Internet attacks occur the router can log the events.

Parameters

Description

Intrusion Detection Feature

 

Ping of Death

Protections from Ping of Death attack.

Discard Ping From WAN

The router’s WAN port will not respond to any

 

Ping requests.

Port Scan

Protection the router from Port Scan.

Sync Flood

Protection the router from Sync Flood attack.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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2.6.4 DMZ

If you have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall, then you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN. The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual server re-directs a particular service/Internet application (e.g. FTP, websites) to a particular LAN client/server, whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.

Parameters

Description

Enable DMZ

Enable/disable DMZ

 

Note: If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the

 

DMZ setting, then Virtual Server function will have priority over

 

the DMZ function.

Public IP Address

The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP

 

addresses given to you by your ISP.

Client PC IP Address

Input the IP address of a particular host in your LAN that will

 

receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP

 

address above.

 

 

 

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Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work properly.

You can now configure other advanced sections or start using the router (with the advanced settings in place).

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Chapter 3

Status

The Status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the Status page to monitor the connection status of the Broadband router's WAN/LAN interfaces, the current firmware and hardware version numbers, any illegal attempts to access your network, and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to your network.

Parameters

Description

3.1Status and Information Shows the router’s system information.

3.2Internet Connection View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status

 

 

and other related information.

3.3

Device Status

View the Broadband router’s current setting status.

3.4

System Log

View the Broadband router’s system log.

3.5

Security Log

View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access

 

 

to your network.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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3.6 DHCP Client Table View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP server.

3.7 Statistics

Shows the statistics.

Select one of the above five Status selections and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

3.1 Status and Information

The Status and Information section allows you to view the router’s system information.

Parameters

Description

Information

You can see the router’s system information such as the router’s

 

LAN MAC Address, WAN MAC Address, Hardware version,

 

Serial Number, Boot code Version, Runtime code Version.

 

 

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3.2 Internet Connection

View the Broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information.

Parameters

Description

Internet Connection

This page displays whether the WAN port is connected to a

 

Cable/DSL connection. It also displays the router’s WAN port,

 

WAN IP address, Subnet Mask, and ISP Gateway as well as

 

the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used.

 

Note: When the WAN port is a Dynamic IP connection, the

 

<Release> and <Renew> button will release the Broadband

 

router’s WAN IP address and renew will get another IP address

 

from the DHCP server. If the WAN port uses PPPoE, <Release>

 

will disconnect the PPP session, and <Renew> will initialize

 

another PPP session.

 

 

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3.3 Device Status

View the Broadband router’s current configuration settings. The Device Status displays the configuration settings you’ve configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section.

Parameters

Description

Device Status

This page shows the Broadband router’s current device settings.

 

This page displays the Broadband router’ LAN port’s current LAN

 

IP Address and Subnet Mask. It also shows whether the DHCP

 

Server and Firewall functions are enabled/disabled. The firewall

 

status is shown enabled if the firewall is enabled (regardless of

 

whether you’ve configured any of the firewall features).

 

 

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3.4 System Log

View the operation log of the system.

Parameters

Description

System Log

This page shows the current system log of the Broadband router.

 

It displays any event occurred after system start up.

 

At the bottom of the page, the system log can be saved <Save>

 

to a local file for further processing or the system log can be

 

cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to get the

 

most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the

 

system log will disappear if not saved to a local file.

 

 

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3.5 Security Log

View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to your network.

Parameters

Description

Security Log

This page shows the current security log of the Broadband

 

router. It displays any illegal attempts to access your network.

 

At the bottom of the page, the security log can be saved <Save>

 

to a local file for further processing or the security log can be

 

cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to get the

 

most updated situation. When the system is powered down, the

 

security log will disappear if not saved to a local file.

 

 

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3.6 Active DHCP Client Table

View your LAN client's information that is currently linked to the Broadband router's DHCP server.

Parameters

Description

DHCP Client Log

This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently

 

connected to your network. The “Active DHCP Client Table”

 

displays the IP address and the MAC address and Time Expired

 

of each LAN Client. Use the Refresh button to get the most

 

updated situation.

 

 

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3.7 Statistics

View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN and Wireless LAN.

Parameters

Description

Statistics

Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN

 

and Wireless LAN.

 

 

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Chapter 4

Tool

This page includes the basic configuration tools, such as Configuration Tools (save or restore configuration settings), Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset.

Parameters

Description

4.1 Configuration Tools

You can save the router’s current configuration, restore the

 

router’s saved configuration files and restore the router’s factory

 

default settings.

4.2 Firmware Upgrade

This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware.

4.3 Reset

You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist.

Select one of the above three Tools Settings selection and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

85

4.1 Configuration Tools

The Configuration Tools screen allows you to save (Backup) the router’s current configuration setting. Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with the router and you have to reset to factory default. When you save the configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved configuration into the router through the Restore selection. If extreme problems occur you can use the Restore to Factory Defaults selection, this will set all configurations to its original default settings (e.g. when you first purchased the router).

Parameters

Description

Configuration Tools

Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router’s current

 

configuration to a file named "config.bin" on your PC. You can

 

then use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to

 

the Broadband router. Alternatively, you can use the "Restore to

 

Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform

 

a power reset and restore the original factory settings.

 

 

86

4.2 Firmware Upgrade

This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware.

Parameters

Description

Firmware Upgrade

This tool allows you to upgrade the Broadband router’s system

 

firmware. To upgrade the firmware of your Broadband router,

 

you need to download the firmware file to your local hard disk,

 

and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this

 

page. You can also use the Browse button to find the firmware

 

file on your PC.

Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to start the upgrade process. (You may have to wait a few minutes for the upgrade to complete.) Once the upgrade is complete you can start using the router.

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4.3 Reset

You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially re-boots your router’s system.

Parameters

Description

Reset

In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in

 

some way stops functioning, you can perform a reset. Your

 

settings will not be changed. To perform the reset, click on the

 

<APPLY> button. You will be asked to confirm your decision.

 

The reset will be complete when the power light stops blinking.

 

Once the reset process is complete you may start using the

 

router again.

 

 

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Appendix A

How to Manually find your PC’s IP and MAC address

1) In Window’s open the Command Prompt program

2) Type Ipconfig /all and <enter>

Your PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77)

The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254)

Your PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB)

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Glossary

Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. When the device sends out an IP packet, if the destination is not on the same network, the device has to send the packet to its default gateway, which will then send it out towards the destination.

DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically gives every computer on your home network an IP address.

DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet servers to have a domain name (such as www.Broadbandrouter.com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192.34.45.8). A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is requested (as in typing "Broadbandrouter.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent to the proper IP address. The DNS server IP address used by the computers on your home network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has assigned to you.

DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.

Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps).

Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that after there is no traffic to the Internet for a preconfigured amount of time, the connection will automatically be disconnected.

IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, that identifies a single, unique Internet computer host in an IP network. Example: 192.168.2.1. It consists of 2 portions: the IP network address, and the host identifier.

The IP address is a 32-bit binary pattern, which can be represented as four cascaded decimal numbers separated by “.”: aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, where each “aaa” can be anything from 000 to 255, or as four cascaded binary numbers separated by “.”: bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb, where each “b” can either be 0 or 1.

A network mask is also a 32-bit binary pattern, and consists of consecutive leading 1’s followed by consecutive trailing 0’s, such as

11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. Therefore sometimes a network mask can also be described simply as “x” number of leading 1’s.

When both are represented side by side in their binary forms, all bits in the IP address that correspond to 1’s in the network mask become part of the IP network address, and the remaining bits correspond to the host ID.

For example, if the IP address for a device is, in its binary form, 11011001.10110000.10010000.00000111, and if its network mask is, 11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000

It means the device’s network address is 11011001.10110000.10010000.00000000, and its host ID is,

00000000.00000000.00000000.00000111. This is a convenient and efficient method for routers to route IP packets to their destination.

ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.

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ISP: Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.

LAN: Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is considered a LAN.

MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer), plus 3 bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number.

NAT: Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your home network to use one IP address. Using the broadband router’s NATcapability, you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.

Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network application/protocol over another. Below is a list of common applications and protocol/port numbers:

 

 

 

 

 

Application

 

Protocol

 

Port Number

 

 

 

 

Telnet

 

TCP

 

23

 

 

 

 

FTP

 

TCP

 

21

 

 

 

 

SMTP

 

TCP

 

25

 

 

 

 

POP3

 

TCP

 

110

 

 

 

 

H.323

 

TCP

 

1720

 

 

 

 

SNMP

 

UCP

 

161

 

 

 

 

SNMP Trap

 

UDP

 

162

 

 

 

 

HTTP

 

TCP

 

80

 

 

 

 

PPTP

 

TCP

 

1723

 

 

PC Anywhere

 

TCP

 

5631

 

 

PC Anywhere

 

UDP

 

5632

 

 

 

 

 

PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet connections. PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards, Ethernet and the Point-to-Point Protocol. It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet between different manufacturers.

Protocol: A protocol is a set of rules for interaction agreed upon between multiple parties so that when they interface with each other based on such a protocol, the interpretation of their behavior is well defined and can be made objectively, without confusion or misunderstanding.

Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses.

Subnet Mask: A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by your ISP, is a set of four numbers (e.g. 255.255.255.0) configured like an IP address. It is used to

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create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must be assigned by InterNIC).

TCP/IP, UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP). TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery, and thus is reliable. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. They both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol), a network layer protocol.

WAN: Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas (e.g. different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area network.

Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. This means the user can use the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the device being managed.

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