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TOTAL ACCESS 600R

User Interface Guide (UIG)

64200600L1#T-31A April 2002

Total Access 600R User Interface Guide (UIG)

Trademarks

Any brand names and product names included in this manual are trademarks, registered trademarks, or trade names of their respective holders.

To the Holder of the Manual

The contents of this manual are current as of the date of publication. ADTRAN reserves the right to change the contents without prior notice.

In no event will ADTRAN be liable for any special, incidental, or consequential damages or for commercial losses even if ADTRAN has been advised thereof as a result of issue of this publication.

901 Explorer Boulevard

P.O. Box 140000

Huntsville, AL 35814-4000

(256) 963-8000

©2002 ADTRAN, Inc.

All Rights Reserved.

Printed in U.S.A.

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Notes provide additional useful information.

Caution signify information that could prevent service interruption.

Warnings provide information that could prevent damage to the equipment or endangerment to human life.

Safety Instructions

When using your telephone equipment, please follow these basic safety precautions to reduce the risk of fire, electrical shock, or personal injury:

1.Do not use this product near water, such as a bathtub, wash bowl, kitchen sink, laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool.

2.Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless-type) during an electrical storm. There is a remote risk of shock from lightning.

3.Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.

4.Use only the power cord, power supply, and/or batteries indicated in the manual. Do not dispose of batteries in a fire. They may explode. Check with local codes for special disposal instructions.

Save These Important Safety Instructions

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FCC regulations require that the following information be provided in this manual to the customer:

1.This equipment complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules. On the side of the bottom of this equipment is a label that contains, among other information, the FCC Registration Number and Ringer Equivalence Number (REN), if applicable, for this equipment. If required, this information must be given to the telephone company.

2.An FCC-compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with this equipment. This equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring using a compatible modular jack which is Part 68compliant. See installation instructions for details.

3.If your telephone equipment (Total Access 600R) causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may discontinue your service temporarily. If possible, they will notify you in advance. But if advance notice isn’t practical, you will be notified as soon as possible. You will be advised of your right to file a complaint with the FCC.

4.Your telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures that could affect the proper operation of your equipment. If they do, you will be given advance notice to give you an opportunity to maintain uninterrupted service.

5.If you experience trouble with this equipment (Total Access 600R), please contact ADTRAN for repair/warranty information. The telephone company may ask you to disconnect this equipment from the network until the problem has been corrected or until you are sure the equipment is not malfunctioning.

6.This unit contains no user-serviceable parts.

7.The FCC recommends that the AC outlet to which equipment requiring AC power is to be installed is provided with an AC surge arrester.

8.The REN is used to determine the quantity of devices which may be connected to the telephone line. Excessive RENs on the telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in response to an incoming call. In most, but not all areas, the sum of RENs should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that may be connected to a line, as determined by the total RENs, contact the local telephone company.

9.The following information may be required when applying to your local telephone company for leased line facilities.

Service Type

REN/SOC

FIC

USOC

1.544 Mbps - ESF and B8ZS

6.0N

04DU9-1SN

RJ-48C

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Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio frequencies.

Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.

Change or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

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Industry Canada Compliance Information

Notice: The Industry Canada label applied to the product (identified by the Industry Canada logo or the “IC:” in front of the certification/registration number) signifies that the Industry Canada technical specifications were met.

Notice: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) for this terminal equipment is supplied in the documentation or on the product labeling/markings. The REN assigned to each terminal device indicates the maximum number of terminals that can be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the RENs of all the devices should not exceed five (5).

Canadian Emissions Requirements

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causing equipment standard entitled “Digital Apparatus,” ICES-003 of the Department of Communications.

Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioelectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Class A prescrites dans la norme sur le materiel brouilleur: “Appareils Numériques,” NMB-003 edictee par le ministre des Communications.

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Affidavit Requirements for Connection to Digital Services

An affidavit is required to be given to the telephone company whenever digital terminal equipment without encoded analog content and billing protection is used to transmit digital signals containing encoded analog content which are intended for eventual conversion into voiceband analog signals and transmitted on the network.

The affidavit shall affirm that either no encoded analog content or billing information is being transmitted or that the output of the device meets Part 68 encoded analog content or billing protection specifications.

End user/customer will be responsible for filing an affidavit with the local exchange carrier when connecting unprotected customer premise equipment (CPE) to 1.544 Mbps or subrate digital services.

Until such time as subrate digital terminal equipment is registered for voice applications, the affidavit requirement for subrate services is waived.

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Affidavit for Connection of Customer Premises Equipment to 1.544 Mbps and/or Subrate Digital Services

For the work to be performed in the certified territory of ___________________(telco name)

State of ________________

County of ________________

I, _______________________ (name), _____________________________(business address),

____________________ (telephone number) being duly sworn, state:

I have responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the terminal equipment to be connected to 1.544 Mbps and/or ________ subrate digital services. The terminal equipment to be connected complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules except for the encoded analog content and billing protection specifications. With respect to encoded analog content and billing protection:

( ) I attest that all operations associated with the establishment, maintenance, and adjustment of the digital CPE with respect to analog content and encoded billing protection information continuously complies with Part 68 of the FCC Rules and Regulations.

( ) The digital CPE does not transmit digital signals containing encoded analog content or billing information which is intended to be decoded within the telecommunications network.

( ) The encoded analog content and billing protection is factory set and is not under the control of the customer.

I attest that the operator(s)/maintainer(s) of the digital CPE responsible for the establishment, maintenance, and adjustment of the encoded analog content and billing information has (have) been trained to perform these functions by successfully having completed one of the following (check appropriate blocks):

( ) A. A training course provided by the manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog signals; or

( ) B. A training course provided by the customer or authorized representative, using training materials and instructions provided by the manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog signals; or

( ) C. An independent training course (e.g., trade school or technical institution) recognized by the manufacturer/grantee of the equipment used to encode analog signals; or

( ) D. In lieu of the preceding training requirements, the operator(s)/maintainer(s) is (are) under the control of a supervisor trained in accordance with _________ (circle one) above.

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I agree to provide ______________________ (telco’s name) with proper documentation to demonstrate compliance with the information as provided in the preceding paragraph, if so requested.

_________________________________Signature

_________________________________Title

_________________________________ Date

Transcribed and sworn to before me

This ________ day of _______________, 20____

_________________________________

Notary Public

My commission expires:

_________________________________

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Warranty and Customer Service

ADTRAN will repair and return this product within ten years from the date of shipment if it does not meet its published specifications or fails while in service. For detailed warranty, repair, and return information refer to the ADTRAN Equipment Warranty and Repair and Return Policy Procedure.

Return Material Authorization (RMA) is required prior to returning equipment to ADTRAN.

For service, RMA requests, or further information, contact one of the numbers listed at the end of this section.

LIMITED PRODUCT WARRANTY

ADTRAN warrants that for ten years from the date of shipment to Customer, all products manufactured by ADTRAN will be free from defects in materials and workmanship. ADTRAN also warrants that products will conform to the applicable specifications and drawings for such products, as contained in the Product Manual or in ADTRAN's internal specifications and drawings for such products (which may or may not be reflected in the Product Manual). This warranty only applies if Customer gives ADTRAN written notice of defects during the warranty period. Upon such notice, ADTRAN will, at its option, either repair or replace the defective item. If ADTRAN is unable, in a reasonable time, to repair or replace any equipment to a condition as warranted, Customer is entitled to a full refund of the purchase price upon return of the equipment to ADTRAN. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser and is not transferable without ADTRAN's express written permission. This warranty becomes null and void if Customer modifies or alters the equipment in any way, other than as specifically authorized by ADTRAN.

EXCEPT FOR THE LIMITED WARRANTY DESCRIBED ABOVE, THE FOREGOING CONSTITUTES THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE CUSTOMER AND THE EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY OF ADTRAN AND IS IN LIEU OF ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES (EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED). ADTRAN SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, INCLUDING (WITHOUT LIMITATION), ALL WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO THIS EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO CUSTOMER.

In no event will ADTRAN or its suppliers be liable to Customer for any incidental, special, punitive, exemplary or consequential damages experienced by either Customer or a third party (including, but not limited to, loss of data or information, loss of profits, or loss of use). ADTRAN is not liable for damages for any cause whatsoever (whether based in contract, tort, or otherwise) in excess of the amount paid for the item. Some states do not allow the limitation or exclusion of liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to Customer.

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Customer Service, Product Support Information, and Training

ADTRAN will repair and return this product if within ten years from the date of shipment the product does not meet its published specification or the product fails while in service.

A return material authorization (RMA) is required prior to returning equipment to ADTRAN. For service, RMA requests, training, or more information, use the contact information given below.

Repair and Return

If you determine that a repair is needed, please contact our Customer and Product Service (CAPS) department to have an RMA number issued. CAPS should also be contacted to obtain information regarding equipment currently in house or possible fees associated with repair.

CAPS Department

(256) 963-8722

Identify the RMA number clearly on the package (below address), and return to the following address:

ADTRAN Customer and Product Service

901 Explorer Blvd. (East Tower)

Huntsville, Alabama 35806

RMA # _____________

Pre-Sales Inquiries and Applications Support

Your reseller should serve as the first point of contact for support. If additional pre-sales support is needed, the ADTRAN Support web site provides a variety of support services such as a searchable knowledge base, latest product documentation, application briefs, case studies, and a link to submit a question to an Applications Engineer. All of this, and more, is available at:

http://support.adtran.com

When needed, further pre-sales assistance is available by calling our Applications Engineering Department.

Applications Engineering (800) 615-1176

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Post-Sale Support

Your reseller should serve as the first point of contact for support. If additional support is needed, the ADTRAN Support web site provides a variety of support services such as a searchable knowledge base, updated firmware releases, latest product documentation, service request ticket generation and troubleshooting tools. All of this, and more, is available at:

http://support.adtran.com

When needed, further post-sales assistance is available by calling our Technical Support Center. Please have your unit serial number available when you call.

Technical Support

(888) 4ADTRAN

Installation and Maintenance Support

The ADTRAN Custom Extended Services (ACES) program offers multiple types and levels of installation and maintenance services which allow you to choose the kind of assistance you need. This support is available at:

http://www.adtran.com/aces

For questions, call the ACES Help Desk.

ACES Help Desk

(888) 874-ACES (2237)

Training

The Enterprise Network (EN) Technical Training Department offers training on our most popular products. These courses include overviews on product features and functions while covering applications of ADTRAN's product lines. ADTRAN provides a variety of training options, including customized training and courses taught at our facilities or at your site. For more information about training, please contact your Territory Manager or the Enterprise Training Coordinator.

Training Phone

(800)

615-1176, ext. 7500

Training Fax

(256)

963-6700

Training Email

training@adtran.com

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TOTAL ACCESS 600R USER INTERFACE GUIDE

This User Interface Guide is designed for use by network administrators and others who will configure and provision the system. It contains information about navigating the VT 100 user interface, configuration information, and menu descriptions.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Navigating the Terminal Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Terminal Menu Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Navigating using the Keyboard Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Terminal Menu and System Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Selecting the Appropriate Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Security Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Configuring the Total Access 600R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

System Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System Info>System Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System Info>System Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System Info>System Contact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System Info>Unit Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 System Info>Part Number. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Info>Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Info>Firmware Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Info>Bootcode Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Info>System Uptime. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Info>Date/Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 System Config. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 System Config>Operating Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 System Config>T1 Timing Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 System Config>Telnet Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 System Config>Telnet User List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 System Config>Telnet IP Access List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 System Config>SNMP Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 System Config>Maint Port Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 System Config>Network Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 System Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 System Utility>Upgrade Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 System Utility>Config Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 System Utility>Ping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 System Utility>Terminal Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Router Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Router>Config. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Router>Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Router>Logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Modules Menus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Modules>Modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Modules>DS0 Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Initial Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Setting up Routing Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

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Initial Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Setting up Bridging Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

FIGURES

Figure 1. Top-Level Terminal Menu Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Figure 2. Alternate Menu View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Figure 3. System Information Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Figure 4. System Config Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Figure 5. System Utility Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Figure 6. Router/Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Figure 7. Global Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Figure 8. Ethernet Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Figure 9. WAN Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Figure 10. Router/Status Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Figure 11. Router/Logs Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Figure 12. Modules Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

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1.NAVIGATING THE TERMINAL MENU

Terminal Menu Window

The Total Access 600R uses a multi-level menu structure that contains both menu items and data fields. All menu items and data fields display in the terminal menu window (see Figure 1), through which you have complete control of the Total Access 600R.

Menu Path

Left Pane

Right Pane

 

 

Network

^A=more

Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extended Help

Navigation Help

Tool Tip

System Time

Figure 1. Top-Level Terminal Menu Window

Menu Path

The first line of the terminal menu window (the menu path) shows the session’s current position (path) in the menu structure. For example, Figure 1 shows the top-level menu with the cursor on the SYSTEM INFO submenu; therefore, the menu path reads TA 600R/SYSTEM INFO.

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Window Panes

When you first start a terminal menu session, the terminal menu window is divided into left and right panes. The left pane shows the list of available submenus, while the right pane shows the contents of the currently selected submenu.

You can view the terminal windows in two ways: with fields and submenus displaying horizontally across the right pane, or with fields and submenus displaying vertically down the right pane. Viewing submenus vertically rather than horizontally allows you to see information at a glance rather than scrolling horizontally across the window. To change the view, move your cursor to an index number and press <Enter>. Figure 2 shows this alternate view. Fields and submenu names may vary slightly in this view.

Figure 2. Alternate Menu View

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Window Pane Navigation

Use the following chart to assist you in moving between and within the two window panes.

To do this...

Press this key...

 

 

Move from left pane to right pane

Tab

 

Enter

 

Right arrow

 

 

Move from right pane to left pane

Tab

 

Escape

 

Left arrow

 

Backspace

 

 

Move within each pane

Up arrow

 

Down arrow

 

Left arrow

 

Right arrow

 

 

Right Window Pane Notation

The right window pane shows the contents of the currently selected menu. These contents can include both submenu items and data fields. Some submenus contain additional submenus and some data fields contain additional data fields. The following chart explains the notation used to identify these additional items.

This notation...

Means that...

 

 

[+]

More items are available when selected

 

 

<+>

An action is to be taken, such as activating a test

 

 

Highlighted menu item

You can enter data in this field

 

 

Underlined field

The field contains read-only information

 

 

Additional Terminal Menu Window Features

Tool Tip - provides a brief description of the currently selected mode

Network Status - displays network status information, Up or Down

Extended Help - displays information about selected commands (CTRL+A)

Navigation Help - lists characters used for navigating the terminal menu and session management (CTRL+Z)

System Time - displays current time

Navigating using the Keyboard Keys

You can use various keystrokes to move through the terminal menu, to manage a terminal menu session, and to configure the system. Press <CTRL+Z> to activate a pop-up screen listing the navigation keystrokes.

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Moving through the Menus

 

To do this...

Press this key...

 

 

 

 

Return to the home screen

H

 

 

 

 

Jump between two menu items

J

 

Press <J> while the cursor is located on a menu item, and you jump back to the main screen.

 

 

Go to another menu item, press <J>, and you jump back to the screen that was displayed the

 

 

first time you pressed <J>.

 

 

Press <J> anytime you want to jump between these items.

 

 

 

 

 

Select items

Arrows

 

 

 

 

Edit a selected menu item

Enter

 

 

 

 

Cancel an edit

Escape

 

 

 

 

Close pop-up help screen

Escape

 

 

 

 

Move between the left and right panes

Tab

 

 

Arrows

 

 

 

 

Move to the top of a screen

A

 

 

 

 

Move to the bottom of a screen

Z

 

 

 

 

Ascend one menu level

Backspace

 

 

 

Session Management Keystrokes

 

 

 

 

 

To do this...

Press this key...

 

 

 

 

Log out of a session

CTRL+L

 

 

 

 

Refresh the screen

CTRL+R

 

To save time, only the portion of the screen that has changed is refreshed. This option should

 

 

only be necessary if the display picks up incorrect characters.

 

 

 

 

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Configuration Keystrokes

 

 

 

 

 

To do this...

Press this key...

 

 

 

 

Restore factory default settings.

F

 

This setting restores the factory defaults based on the location of the cursor. If the cursor is

 

 

on a module line (in the MODULES menu), then only the selected module is updated to fac-

 

 

tory defaults.

 

 

 

 

 

Copy selected items to the clipboard.

C

 

The amount of information you can copy depends on the cursor location when you press

 

 

<C>:

 

 

If the cursor is over an editable field, only that item is copied.

 

 

If the cursor is over the index number of a list, then all of the items in the row of the list are

 

 

copied. For example, if the cursor is over the DS0 field in the MAP 1 screen, all of the in-

 

 

formation associated with the DS0 is copied.

 

 

 

 

 

Paste the item stored in the clipboard, if the information is compatible.

P

 

You must confirm all pastes - except those to a single editable field.

 

 

 

 

 

Increment the value of certain types of fields by one when you paste information into those

>

 

fields.

 

 

 

 

 

Decrement the value of certain types of fields by one when you paste information into those

<

 

fields.

 

 

 

 

 

Insert a new list item.

I

 

For example, add a new item to the TELNET USER LIST connection list by pressing <I> while

 

 

the cursor is over the index number.

 

 

 

 

 

Delete a list item.

D

 

For example, delete an item from the TELNET USER LIST connection list by pressing <D>

 

 

while the index number is active.

 

 

 

 

Getting Help

The bottom line of the terminal menu window contains context-sensitive help information. When the cursor is positioned over a set of configuration items, a help message displays (when available) providing a description of the item. When more detailed help is available for a particular item, ^A displays at the bottom of the window. At this point, if you press <CTRL+A>, a pop-up help screen displays with information about the item.

Press <CTRL+Z> to activate a help screen that displays the available keystrokes you can use to navigate the terminal menu.

Press <ESC> to cancel these pop up windows.

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2.TERMINAL MENU AND SYSTEM CONTROL

Selecting the Appropriate Menu

The terminal menu is the access point to all other operations. Each terminal menu item has several functions and submenus that identify and provide access to specific operations and parameters. Use the chart below to help select the appropriate terminal menu.

To do this...

Go to this menu...

 

 

Review and monitor general system information for the Total Access 600R

SYSTEM INFO

 

 

Set up the operational configuration for the Total Access 600R

SYSTEM CONFIG

 

 

Upgrade firmware, do config transfers, ping, and access terminal mode

SYSTEM UTILITY

 

 

Define, configure, and monitor all Total Access 600R Router functions

ROUTER

 

 

Review and configure settings for the network interface and configure the DS0

MODULES

maps

 

 

 

Security Levels

To edit terminal menu items, you must have a password and the appropriate security level. Table 1 describes the security levels.

 

Table 1. Password Security Level

 

 

Security Level

Description

 

 

5

Read-only permission for all menu items - minimum rights

 

 

4

Read permission for all menu items and permission to use test commands

 

 

3

Access to all commands except passwords, flash download, authentication methods,

 

interface configurations, and telnet security levels

 

 

2

Access to all commands except passwords, flash download, authentication methods, and

 

telnet security levels

 

 

1

Access to all commands except passwords and telnet security levels

 

 

0

Permission to edit every menu item, including creating and editing passwords - maximum

 

rights

 

 

Router Only

Read access to all menus and write access to only the router menu

 

 

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3.CONFIGURING THE TOTAL ACCESS 600R

SYSTEM INFO

The SYSTEM INFO menu provides basic information about the unit as well as data fields for editing information. Figure 3 displays the submenus that are available when you select this menu item.

Figure 3. System Information Menu

SYSTEM INFO>SYSTEM NAME

Provides a user-configurable text string for the name of the Total Access 600R. This name can help you distinguish between different installations. You can enter up to 31 alpha-numeric characters in this field, including spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). This name will appear on the top line of all screens. The factory default is to have no entry in the system name field.

SYSTEM INFO>SYSTEM LOCATION

Provides a user-configurable text string for the location of the Total Access 600R. This field is to help you keep track of the actual physical location of the unit. You can enter up to 31 alphanumeric characters in this field, including spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). The factory default is to have no entry in the system location field.

SYSTEM INFO>SYSTEM CONTACT

Provides a user-configurable text string for a contact name. You can use this field to enter the name, phone number, or email address of a person responsible for the Total Access 600R system. You can enter up to 31 alpha-numeric characters in this field, including spaces and special characters (such as an underscore). The factory default is to have no entry in the system contact field.

SYSTEM INFO>UNIT NAME

Product-specific name.

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SYSTEM INFO>PART NUMBER

ADTRAN part number for the Total Access 600R.

SYSTEM INFO>SERIAL NUMBER

Serial number of the Total Access 600R.

SYSTEM INFO>FIRMWARE REVISION

Displays the current firmware revision level of the Total Access 600R.

SYSTEM INFO>BOOTCODE REVISION

Displays the bootcode revision.

SYSTEM INFO>SYSTEM UPTIME

Displays the length of time since the last Total Access 600R system reboot.

Each time you reset the system, this value resets to 0 days, 0 hours, 0 min and 0 secs.

SYSTEM INFO>DATE/TIME

Displays the current date and time, including seconds. This field can be edited. Enter the time in 24-hour format (such as 23:00:00 for 11:00 pm). Enter the date in mm-dd-yyyy format (for example, 10-30-1998).

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SYSTEM CONFIG

Set up the Total Access 600R operational configuration from the SYSTEM CONFIG menu. Figure 4 shows the items included in this menu.

Figure 4. System Config Menu

SYSTEM CONFIG>OPERATING MODE

For the T1 TDM application, the mode will be displayed as Channel Bank.

SYSTEM CONFIG>T1 TIMING MODE

The T1 TIMING MODE choices are NETWORK and INTERNAL. Select NETWORK if the TELCO is providing clocking on the T1 line. Select INTERNAL if there is no timing on the T1 circuit and the 600R will have to provide the clock. Default is

NETWORK.

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET ACCESS

Sets Telnet access to ON or OFF. The factory default value for this parameter is ON.

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST>NAME

Up to four users can be configured for access to the 600R. Each user can be assigned a security level and time out.

The name is a text string of the user name for this session. You can enter up to 15 characters in this field. The factory default is no entry in the NAME field.

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SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST>AUTHEN METHOD

The user can be authenticated by selecting:

PASSWORD

RADIUS

The factory default is password.

The Password field is used to authenticate the user. The Radius client is used for authenticating the user.

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST>PASSWORD

When the authenticating method is password, this text string is used for the password. You can enter up to 15 characters in this field. The factory default is no entry in this field.

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST>IDLE TIME (MINS)

This sets the amount of time in minutes you can be idle before you are automatically logged off. The factory default

is 10 MINUTES. The range is 1-255 MINUTES.

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET USER LIST>LEVEL

This is the security level granted to the user. The table below gives a brief description of each level. The factory default is 0.

Select level...

If you want the user to....

 

 

5

Have read-only permission for all menu items - minimum rights

 

 

4

Have read permission for all menu items and permission to use test commands

 

 

3

Have access to all commands except passwords, flash download,

authentication methods, interface configurations, and telnet security levels.

 

 

 

2

Have access to all commands except passwords, flash download,

authentication methods, and telnet security levels.

 

 

 

1

Have access to all commands except passwords and telnet security levels.

 

 

0

Have permission to edit every menu item, including creating and editing

passwords -- maximum rights

 

 

 

Router Only

Have read access to all menu items and write access to only the router menu.

 

 

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET IP ACCESS LIST

SYSTEM CONFIG>TELNET IP ACCESS LIST>NETWORK ADDRESS AND MASK

This is a list of allowed telnet managers. Enter a network address and subnet mask from which telnet access to the Total Access 600R is allowed. When a remote unit requests telnet access to the Total Access 600R, if the access list is empty or the remote’s IP address matches a list entry, remote access is granted. A subnet mask of 0.0.0.0 will allow any host telnet access, regardless of the network address. A network address of 0.0.0.0 with a corresponding netmask of 255.255.255.255 will disallow any host telnet access.

The factory default is 0.0.0.0 for both parameters, which will allow all users telnet IP access.

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SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>ACCESS

The Total Access 600R is an SNMP agent. The SNMP Menu parameters set up the manager, communities, and levels. When set to OFF, SNMP access is denied. When set to ON, the 600R will respond to SNMP managers based on the configuration. The factory default is ON.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>COMMUNITIES

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>COMMUNITIES>NAME

This list is used to set up to 60 SNMP communities names that the 600R will allow. This is a text string for the community name. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field. The factory default is no entry in the name parameter.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>COMMUNITIES>PRIVILEGE

The access for this manager can be assigned three levels. The factory default is NONE.

NONE

No access is allowed for this community or manager.

GET

Manager can only read items.

GET/SET

Manager can read and set items.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>COMMUNITIES>MANAGER IP

This is the IP address of the SNMP manager. If set to 0.0.0.0, any SNMP manager can access the Total Access 600R for this community. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>TRAPS

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>TRAPS>MANAGER NAME

The 600R can generate SNMP traps. This list allows up to four managers to be listed to receive traps. MANAGER NAME is the text string describing the name of the entry. It is intended for easy reference and has no bearing on the SNMP trap function. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field. The factory default is no entry in the manager name field.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>TRAPS>MANAGER IP

This is the IP address of the manager that is to receive the traps. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>MODE

This enables the FDL (only in ESF mode) to be used for management. Learning mode can also be enabled so the Total Access 600R can “learn” its IP configuration to be used for its FDL management. Once it learns this information from, for example a Total Access 4303, the configuration items populate. The factory default is ON.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>LINK IP ADDRESS

This is the local IP address used for the FDL management. The FDL uses a separate IP network for communication, distinct from the customer data configured under the ROUTER menus. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.

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SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>FAR END IP ADDRESS

This is the far-end IP address used for FDL management. The FDL is a separate IP network from the customer data that is configured under the ROUTER menus. The factory default is 0.0.0.0.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>IP NETMASK

This is the subnet mask defining the IP network used for FDL management. The factory default is

0.0.0.0.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>LEARN ADDRESS

When set to ON, the destination address on each received packet is assumed to be the FDL interface address. A 255.255.255.252 netmask is used, which determines the far-side address as well (since there can be only two addresses on a subnet with that netmask). When set to OFF, the user must input the IP address assigned to the FDL interface. Default is ON.

SYSTEM CONFIG>SNMP MENU>FDL>ACCEPT ALL SNMP

When set to ON, SNMP gets/sets received over the FDL link are always accepted regardless of the community table. When set to OFF, the community table is searched for valid manager IP addresses and the SNMP traffic is rejected if a match is not found. Default is ON.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>PASSWORD PROTECT

The Total Access 600R’s VT 100 CRAFT port can be accessed through a RJ-48 connector located on the rear of the unit. The setup for this port is under this menu.

When PASSWORD PROTECT is set to NO, the maintenance port is not password protected. When YES (def), the 600R will prompt for a password upon startup.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>PASSWORD

This is the text string that is used for comparison when password protecting the maintenance port. By default, no password is entered. You can enter up to 15 characters in this field.

The security level for the maintenance port is always set to 0. This gives full access to all menus.

Passwords are case-sensitive.

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Instructions for Changing Passwords

Step

Action

1Select the PASSWORD field—a new PASSWORD field displays.

2Type the new password in the ENTER field.

3Type the new password again in the CONFIRM field.

The password can contain up to 15 alphanumeric characters. You can also use spaces and special characters in the password.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>BAUD RATE

This is the asynchronous rate that the maintenance port will run. The possible values are 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, and 57600. The default value is 9600.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>DATA BITS

This is the asynchronous bit rate that the maintenance port will run. The possible values are 7 or 8 (def) bits.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>PARITY

This is the asynchronous parity that the maintenance port will run. The possible values are NONE (def), ODD, or EVEN.

SYSTEM CONFIG>MAINT PORT MENU>STOP BITS

This is the number of stop bits used for the maintenance port. The possible values are 1 (def), 1.5 or 2.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>SERVER TYPE

The Total Access 600R unit time can be entered manually from the SYSTEM INFO menu, or the unit can receive time from an NTP/SNTP server. The NETWORK TIME menu includes all parameters relating to how the unit communicates with the time server.

The server type defines the port on which the Total Access 600R will listen to receive timing information from the time server. The choices are NT TIME and SNTP. When set to NT TIME, the Total Access 600R will receive time from an NT server running SNTP software on its TIME port. When set to SNTP, the 600R will receive time directly from an SNTP server. The factory default is SNTP.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>ACTIVE

This network timing feature can be turned on and off. It determines whether the unit will request and receive time from a time server. The choices are YES and NO. The factory default is NO.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>TIME ZONE

There are several time zones available for which the time may be displayed. All time zones are based off of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). The choices are GMT -10 (HAWAII), GMT -9 (ALASKA), GMT -8 (PACIFIC), GMT -7 (MOUNTAIN), GMT -6 (CENTRAL), GMT -5 (EASTERN), and GMT. The factory default is GMT-6 (CENTRAL).

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SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>ADJUST FOR DAYLIGHT SAVING

Since some areas of the world use Daylight Savings Time, the Total Access 600R is designed to adjust the time on the first Sunday in April and the last Sunday in October accordingly if this option is turned on. The choices are YES and NO. The factory default is YES.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>HOST ADDRESS

This is the IP address of the time server that the Total Access 600R will request and receive time from. The factory default is no entry in the host address field.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>REFRESH

This is the interval of time between each request the Total Access 600R sends out to the time server. A smaller refresh time guarantees that the unit receives the correct time from the server and corrects possible errors more quickly. This may be more taxing on the machine. A range of refresh times is available for the user to decide which is best for their

unit. The choices are 5 MINS, 10 MINS, 15 MINS, 20 MINS, 25 MINS, 30 MINS, 35 MINS, 40 MINS, 45 MINS, 50 MINS, 55 MINS,

and 60 MINS. The factory default is 60 MINS.

SYSTEM CONFIG>NETWORK TIME>STATUS

This displays the current status of the time negotiation process. If an error is displayed, check all connections and configurations to try to resolve the problem.

SYSTEM UTILITY

Use the SYSTEM UTILITY menu to view and set the system parameters shown in Figure 5.

Figure 5. System Utility Menu

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SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>TRANSFER METHOD

Updates firmware when Total Access 600R enhancements are released. Two transfer methods are available for use in updating the Total Access 600R.

The two methods for upgrading are XMODEM and TFTP. TFTP requires a TFTP server running on the network. The Total Access 600R starts a TFTP client function which gets the upgrade code from the TFTP server. Selecting XMODEM will load the upgrade code through the CRAFT port using any PC terminal emulator with xmodem capability.

The factory default is TFTP.

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>TFTP SERVER ADDRESS

This is required when the transfer method is TFTP. It is the IP address or domain name (if DNS is configured) of the TFTP server. The factory default is no entry in the TFTP SERVER ADDRESS field.

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>TFTP SERVER FILENAME

This is required when the transfer method is TFTP. It is the case-sensitive file name which contains the upgrade code. The factory default is no entry in the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field.

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>TRANSFER STATUS

This appears when TFTP is used. It displays the status of the transfer as it happens. Any error or success message will be displayed here.

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>START TRANSFER

This activator is used when the configurable items in this menu are complete.

Before using START TRANSFER, the Total Access 600R should have a valid IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway (if required).

SYSTEM UTILITY>UPGRADE FIRMWARE>ABORT TRANSFER

Use this activator to cancel any TFTP transfer in progress.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>TRANSFER METHOD

Sends a file containing the Total Access 600R configuration to a PC connected to the CRAFT port using XMODEM protocol or to a file on a TFTP server using the TFTP protocol.

CONFIG TRANSFER also lets you save the Total Access 600R configuration as a backup file, so you can use the same configuration with multiple Total Access 600R units. In addition, CONFIG TRANSFER can retrieve a configuration file from a TFTP server.

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To support these transfers, ADTRAN delivers a TFTP program with the Total Access 600R called TFTP Server. You can configure any PC running Microsoft Windows with this software, and store a configuration file.

Before using the TFTP method for CONFIG TRANSFER, the Total Access 600R should have a valid IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway (if required).

Only one configuration transfer session (upload or download) can be active at a time.

Displays the method used to transfer the configuration file to or from a server. XMODEM and TFTP are supported.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>TRANSFER TYPE

Only BINARY transfers are currently supported from this menu.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS

Specifies the IP address of the TFTP server. Get this number from your system administrator. If using the ADTRAN Utilities TFTP server, this number appears in the TFTP server status window. The factory default value is 0.0.0.0.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>TFTP SERVER FILENAME

Defines the name of the configuration file that you transfer to or retrieve from the TFTP server. The default name is ta600.cfg, but you can edit this name.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>CURRENT TRANSFER STATUS

Indicates the current status of the update.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>PREVIOUS TRANSFER STATUS

Indicates the status of the previous update.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>LOAD AND USE CONFIG

Retrieves the configuration file specified in the TFTP SERVER FILENAME field from the server. To start this command, enter Y to begin or enter N to cancel.

If you execute this command, the Total Access 600R retrieves the configuration file, reboots, then restarts using the new configuration.

SYSTEM UTILITY>CONFIG TRANSFER>SAVE CONFIG REMOTELY

Saves the configuration file specified in TFTP SERVER FILENAME to the server identified in TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS. To start this command, enter Y to begin or enter N to cancel.

Before using this command, you must have identified a valid TFTP server in TFTP SERVER IP ADDRESS.

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SYSTEM UTILITY>PING

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING>START/STOP

Activator to start and cancel a ping test.

Only one ping session can be active at a time.

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING>HOST ADDRESS

IP address or domain name (if DNS is configured) of device to receive the ping. The factory default is no entry in the host address field.

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING>SOURCE ADDRESS

Selects whether the ping packet should use the interface address or the NAPT (if that interface uses NAT) as the source address of the ping packet. This is the address that is used for ICMP requests. Interface means it will use the IP address associated with the WAN for outgoing packets and the Ethernet IP address for ICMP requests made on the LAN.

NAPT address will replace the WAN IP address with the NAPT address for outgoing ICMP requests. Default is

INTERFACE.

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING>SIZE (40-1500)

Total size of the ping to send. Range is 40 to 1500 bytes. The default is 64.

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING># OF PACKETS

Total packets to send every 2 seconds. Setting this to 0 allows the client to ping continuously. The default is 1.

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING># TRANSMITS

Total packets sent (read only).

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING># RECEIVES

Total packets received (read only).

SYSTEM UTILITY>PING>%LOSS

Percentage loss based on ping returned from host (read only).

SYSTEM UTILITY>TERMINAL MODE

The terminal mode gives the user a command-line prompt. From this prompt, you can:

Perform a reset with the command “reset”

Perform a factory restore with the command “factory_reset”

Configure the unit. The Total Access 600R has the ability to download a text file which contains the configuration of the entire unit. This configuration may then be altered in a text editor, and then uploaded to that same or any other Total Access 600R.

Debug and troubleshooting. This function would be carried out with the assistance of ADTRAN Technical Support.

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ROUTER MENUS

Use the ROUTER/CONFIGURATION menu (Figure 6) to access the GLOBAL, ETHERNET, and WAN menus.

Figure 6. Router/Configuration Menu

ROUTER>CONFIG

ROUTER>CONFIG>GLOBAL

Use the GLOBAL menu (Figure 7) to set up general router functions.

Figure 7. Global Menu

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ROUTER>CONFIG>GLOBAL>IP

This parameter is used for general IP configuration.

Mode

This item controls the GLOBAL option for IP routing. The choices are ON and OFF. The default is ON.

Static Routes

Use this menu to enter static routes to other networks

.

ACTIVE

Adds this static route entry to the IP routing table when set to YES and

 

removes it (if it was previously added) if set to NO. Default is YES.

IP ADDRESS

SUBNET MASK

The IP address of the host or network address of the device being routed to. Default is 0.0.0.0.

Determines the bits in the previous IP address that are used. If this is to be a host route, it must be set to all ones (255.255.255.255). Default is 0.0.0.0.

GATEWAY

The IP address of the router to receive the forwarded IP packet. Default is

 

0.0.0.0.

HOPS

PRIVATE

The number of router hops required to get to the network or host. Maximum distance is 16 hops. Default is 1.

When set to NO, the 600R will advertise this static route using RIP. Setting to YES means that the route is kept private. Default is NO.

DHCP Server

Use this menu to set up the DHCP server.

DHCP MODE

DHCP RENEWAL TIME

(HOURS)

When set to ON, the 600R acts as a DHCP server and will dynamically assign IP, network mask, default gateway, and DNS addresses to any device which transmits a broadcast DHCP request. The addresses assigned are based on the 600R’s own IP address and will be within the same network. Default is OFF.

The number of hours that the DHCP server should allow the device before it is required to send a new DHCP request. The range is 0-255. The default is 15 hours, and 0 represents an infinite lease.

DNS

Enter the 600R's domain name and the DNS servers in this menu.

DOMAIN NAME

SERVER 1

SERVER 2

Text string used to represent the domain name used by the Total Access 600R.

First server to which domain name requests are sent. Default is 0.0.0.0.

Server used as a backup, in case the primary address does not respond to the request. Default is 0.0.0.0.

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UDP Relay

This menu configures the 600R to act as a UDP relay agent for applications requiring a response from UDP hosts that are not on the same network segment as their clients.

MODE

UDP RELAY LIST

RELAY ADDRESS

UDP PORT TYPE

UDP PORT 1, 2, 3

When this option is set to ON, the 600R will act as a relay agent. Default is OFF.

Up to four relay destination servers can be specified in this list.

This is the IP address of the server that will receive the relay packet. Default is 0.0.0.0

The choices are STANDARD (def) and SPECIFIED. The following standard UDP protocols are relayed when set: DHCP, TFTP, DNS, NTP (Network Time Protocol, port 123), NBNS (NetBios Name Server, port 137), NBDG (NetBIOS Datagram, port 138), and BootP. When SPECIFIED is set, the UDP port (1 to 65535) can be specified in the UDP Port columns (up to three per server).

Used for specifying UDP ports to be relayed. These fields only apply when UDP PORT TYPE is set to SPECIFIED. Default is 0.

ROUTER>CONFIG>GLOBAL>BRIDGE

The BRIDGE menu is used to set up the bridge parameters for the 600R. The bridging function runs at the Media Access Control (MAC) level which allows any protocol packets that run over Ethernet to be forwarded. Bridging can run concurrently with IP. However, when IP routing is active, IP packets (which include ARP packets) are not bridged.

Mode

This is used to enable the bridge function. Default is OFF.

Address Table

The 600R automatically maintains a table of MAC addresses detected and associates those addresses with the LAN or WAN port from which they were received.

AGING (0-65535)

FORWARD POLICY

The maximum time an idle MAC address remains in the table before being removed. The value is in minutes. Range is 0 - 65535. Default is 5.

When this parameter is set to UNKNOWN (def), any bridge packet with a destination MAC address that is not in the bridge table is forwarded to all other ports (LAN and WAN). When set to KNOWN, the packet with the unknown destination MAC address is dropped and is not forwarded.

ROUTER>CONFIG>GLOBAL>SECURITY

Authentication

The method used for authenticating the PPP peer is selected here. The possible values are listed below.

NONE (default)

No attempt is made to authenticate the PPP peer.

RADIUS

The 600R will act as a RADIUS client and authenticate the PPP peer

 

using the RADIUS server. The Radius server parameters must be set up

 

properly for this to work.

PPP

The PPP profile is used to authenticate the PPP peer.

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Radius Server

The parameters for the RADIUS server are configured in this menu. The RADIUS server can be used for authenticating a PPP peer (if defined under SECURITY/AUTHENTICATION) and for Telnet server sessions.

PRIMARY SERVER

SECONDARY SERVER

UDP PORT

SECRET

RETRY COUNT (1-10)

This is the IP address of the first RADIUS server that the Total Access 600R should attempt to communicate with when authenticating a PPP peer. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This is the IP address of the back-up RADIUS server that the 600R should attempt to communicate with when the primary server does not respond. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This is the UDP port that the 600R should use when communicating with the RADIUS server. The default is 1645, which is the commonly used port.

The RADIUS server and 600R share this text string. It is used by the RADIUS sever to authenticate the 600R, the RADIUS client. The factory default is not to use a secret.

This is the number of times the 600R should send a request packet to the RADIUS server without a response before giving up. If the number of attempts to communicate with the primary server is equal to the retry count, the secondary server (if defined) is tried. If the secondary server does not respond within the retry count, the PPP peer (or Telnet session) is not authenticated and is dropped. The default is 5.

PPP

The PPP peer can be authenticated using three standard methods: PAP (Password Authentication Protocol), CHAP (Challenge Handshake Protocol) and EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol). The strength of the authentication is determined in the order EAP, CHAP, followed by PAP, where EAP is the strongest and PAP is the weakest. PAP is a clear-text protocol, which means it is sent over the PPP link in a readable format. Care must be taken not to allow highly sensitive passwords to become compromised using this method. CHAP and EAP use a one-way hashing algorithm which makes it virtually impossible to determine the password. EAP has other capabilities which allow more flexibility than CHAP. The following selections are possible:

PAP, CHAP, OR EAP

CHAP OR EAP (DEF)

EAP

The 600R will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP or PAP.

The 600R will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP but not PAP.

The 600R will only allow EAP to be negotiated. If the PPP peer is not capable of doing EAP, then the connection will not succeed.

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Filter Defines

The 600R can filter packets based on certain parameters within the packet. The method used by the 600R allows the highest flexibility for defining filters and assigning them to a PVC or PPP link. The filters are set up in two steps: (1) defining the filter types, and (2) applying them to a list under the PVC or PPP configuration. This menu is used to define the individual filter defines based on packet type.

The FILTER DEFINES option applies to both Frame Relay and PPP applications.

MAC FILTER DEFINES

The MAC filter is applied to bridge packets only. Bridge packets which are forwarded by the bridge functionality of the Total Access 600R are defined here. Up to 32 MAC defines can be specified.

NAME

SRC ADDR

Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in name field.

48-bit MAC source address used for comparison. (hexadecimal format) Default is

00:00:00:00:00:00.

SRC MASK

DEST ADDR

DEST MASK

TYPE

Bits in the MAC source address which are compared. (hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00:00:00:00:00.

48-bit MAC destination address used for comparison. (hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00:00:00:00:00.

Bits in the MAC destination address used for comparison. (hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00:00:00:00:00.

16-bit type field used for comparison. (hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00.

TYPE MASK

Bits in the type field used for comparison.

 

(hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00.

PATTERN FILTER DEFINES

The pattern filter is applied to bridge packets only. That is any packet which is forwarded by the bridge functionality of the Total Access 600R. Up to 32 pattern defines can be specified.

NAME

Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in name field.

OFFSET

Offset from beginning of packet of where to start the pattern

 

comparison. Default is 0.

PATTERN

MASK

64 bits used for comparison. (hexadecimal format) Default is

00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00.

Bits in the pattern to be compared. (hexadecimal format) Default is 00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00.

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IP FILTER DEFINES

The IP filter defines apply to any IP packet, whether it is routed or bridged. Up to 32 IP defines can be specified.

NAME

Identifies the filter entry. Default is no entry in name field.

SRC ADDR

IP address compared to the source address (dotted decimal

 

format) Default is 0.0.0.0.

SRC MASK

Bits which are used in the source comparison. (dotted deci-

 

mal format) Default is 0.0.0.0.

DEST ADDRESS

IP address compared to the destination address (dotted dec-

 

imal format). Default is 0.0.0.0.

DEST MASK

SRC PORT

SRC PORT COMP

DEST PORT

DEST PORT COMP

PROTO PORT

PROTO PORT COMP

Bits which are used in the destination comparison. (dotted decimal format) Default is 0.0.0.0.

IP source port number used for comparison Range: 0 to 65535. (decimal format) Default is 0.

Type of comparison that is performed. Default is none.

= means ports equal to

not = means port not equal to

> means port greater than

< means port less than

None - means the source port is not compared

IP destination port number used for comparison Range: 0 to 65535. (decimal format) Default is 0.

Type of comparison that is performed. Default is none.

= means ports equal to

not = means port not equal to

> means port greater than

< means port less than

None - means the destination port is not compared

Protocol used for comparison. Range: 0 to 255. (decimal format) Default is 0.

Type of comparison that is performed. Default is none.

= means protocols equal to

not = means protocols not equal to

> means protocols greater than

< means protocols less than

None means the protocol is not compared

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TCP ESTAB

Yes - only when TCP established

 

No - only when TCP not established

 

Ignore - ignore TCP flags (default)

ROUTER>CONFIG>ETHERNET

Use the ETHERNET menu (Figure 8) to configure the Ethernet port on the 600R.

Figure 8. Ethernet Menu

ROUTER>CONFIG>ETHERNET>PRIMARY IP

This is used to setup the IP address for the LAN on the 600R.

IP Address

The IP address assigned to the 600R's Ethernet port is set here. This address must be unique within the network. Default is 10.0.0.1.

Subnet Mask

This is the IP network mask that is to be applied to the 600R's Ethernet port. Default is 255.255.255.0.

Default Gateway

The default gateway is used by the 600R to send IP packets whose destination address is not found in the route table. Default is 0.0.0.0.

RIP

Use this menu to enable RIP on the LAN interface.

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MODE

PROTOCOL

METHOD

NONE

SPLIT HORIZON

POISON REVERSE

(DEF)

DIRECTION

TX AND RX (DEF)

TX ONLY

RX ONLY

V2 SECRET

Enables or disables RIP. Default is OFF.

Specifies the RIP protocol. Choices are V1 (RIP version 1) or V2 (RIP version 2). Default is V1.

Specifies the way the RIP protocol sends out its advertisements. Choices are given below.

All routes in the router table are advertised with no modification of the metrics.

Only routes not learned from this circuit are advertised.

All routes are advertised, but the routes learned from this port are “poisoned” with an infinite metric.

Allows the direction at which RIP advertisements are sent and listened to be specified.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted and are listened to on this port.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted but are not listened to on this port.

RIP advertisements are listened to on this port, but are not transmitted on this port.

Enter the secret used by RIP version 2 here.

Proxy ARP

This feature allows the network portion of a group of addresses to be shared among several physical network segments. The ARP protocol provides a way for devices to create a mapping between physical addresses and logical IP addresses. Proxy ARP makes use of this mapping feature by instructing a router to answer ARP requests as a “proxy” for the IP addresses behind one of its ports. The device which sent the ARP request will then correctly assume that it can reach the requested IP address by sending packets to the physical address that was returned. This technique effectively hides the fact that a network has been (further) subnetted. If this option is set to YES, when an ARP request is received on the Ethernet port the address is looked up in the IP routing table. If the forwarding port is not on the Ethernet port and the route is not the default route, the Total Access 600R will answer the request with its own hardware address. Default is YES.

ROUTER>CONFIG>ETHERNET>SECONDARY IPS

This allows the Total Access 600R to specify additional IP addresses and networks on its Ethernet. The maximum number of entries is 10.

IP Address

This is the second IP address the 600R will respond to on the Ethernet. Default is 0.0.0.0.

Subnet Mask

This is the mask for the network. Default is 255.255.255.0.

ROUTER>CONFIG>ETHERNET>MAC ADDRESS

This is a read-only field which displays the unique MAC address programmed at ADTRAN.

ROUTER>CONFIG>WAN

Use the WAN menu (Figure 9) to configure WAN settings on the 600R.

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Figure 9. WAN Menu

ROUTER>CONFIG>WAN>L2 PROTOCOL

Displays the current L2 protocol. Choices are PPP, FRAME RELAY, and AUTO DETECT. Default is FRAME

RELAY.

ROUTER>CONFIG>WAN>PPP PROFILE

The Total Access 600R uses the WAN/PPP profile to specify the profile used when connected using PPP.

Authentication

The authentication menu contains the required parameters for the authentication of the PPP peer and for being authenticated by the PPP peer. Authentication is applied between the Total Access 600R and the PPP peer as follows:

TX METHOD

This parameter specifies how the Total Access 600R is to be authenticated by the PPP peer. There are four possible selections. Default is PAP, CHAP, or EAP.

NONE

PAP, CHAP, OR EAP

CHAP OR EAP

EAP

The connection will not allow the PPP peer to authenticate it.

The Total Access 600R will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP or PAP.

The Total Access 600R will ask for EAP during the first PPP LCP negotiation and allow the PPP peer to negotiate down to CHAP but not PAP.

The Total Access 600R will only allow EAP to be negotiated. If the PPP peer is not capable of doing EAP, then the connection will not succeed.

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TX USERNAME

This is the username that is used when being authenticated by the PPP peer. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field. Default is no entry in the TX username field.

TX PASSWORD

This is the password or secret that is used when being authenticated by the PPP peer. You can enter up to 15 characters in this field. Default is no password.

RX USERNAME

This is the username used to authenticate the PPP peer. You can enter up to 31 characters in this field. Default is no entry in the RX username field.

RX PASSWORD

This is the password or secret that is used to authenticate the PPP peer. You can enter up to 15 characters in this field. Default is no password.

IP

The IP menu contains the parameters for exchanging IP data with the PPP peer.

MODE

Setting to ON (def) will permit this connection profile to negotiate PPP IPCP with the PPP peer for routing of IP packets. Choices are OFF and ON.

NAT

The Total Access 600R can perform Network Address Translation. This feature is most widely used when connecting to the Internet. The Ethernet network can consist of private network numbers. When this profile is connected, all IP addresses on the Ethernet side are translated into the one real IP address negotiated with the PPP peer (ISP). Multiple stations on the Ethernet side can access the Internet simultaneously.

.

PORT TRANSLATION By enabling port translation, IP packets are modified as they pass through this interface. During transmission, private addresses are translated into a single public (NAPT) IP address. Incoming packets are translated from the public to private address based on the protocol port numbers. Once enabled, you must set up NAT for use. Default is DISABLED. When disabled, the unit will route across the connection normally.

PUBLIC IP ADDRESS

MODE

PUBLIC IP ADDRESS

TRANSLATION TABLE

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. The port translation requires at least a single real IP address for translating. This value can use the IP assigned to the interface (or assigned via layer 2 protocol like PPP), obtained using DHCP client, or statically specified on this menu. If the address cannot be learned, then it must be specified in order for the translation to work. Choices are INTERFACE, SPECIFIED, and

DHCP CLIENT. Default is INTERFACE.

This is the specified address used for NAT. This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and the PUBLIC IP ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. Add translation entries to “fine tune” special protocols or specify private addresses.

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PUBLIC

ADDRESS MODE

PUBLIC

ADDRESS

PROTOCOL

MODE

PROTOCOL

PROTOCOL TYPE

PUBLIC PORT

MODE

PUBLIC PORT

PUBLIC PORT

TYPE

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled. The public IP address used for this translation entry can be the NAPT IP address assigned to the link or can be specified. You specify an address to direct packets with certain protocols to different servers. Choices are NAPT ADDR and SPECIFIED. Default is NAPT ADDR.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS-

LATION is enabled and the PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE is set

to SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled. The upper layer protocol that is to be monitored for translation. For TCP and UDP, a port number must also be specified. Choices are TCP;

UDP; ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; and NONE. Default is NONE.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. This is a read-only field.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to either

TCP or UDP.

The public destination port associated with this entry can be specified to add more control over certain types of traffic. Choices are SPECIFIED and ANY PORT. The default, ANY PORT, covers all port types.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT MODE is set to SPECIFIED. However, it will not be available if PROTO-

COL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR

ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT MODE is set to SPECIFIED. However, it will not be available if PROTO-

COL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR

ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. This is a readonly field.

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PRIVATE

ADDRESS

MODE

PRIVATE

ADDRESS

PRIVATE

PORT MODE

PRIVATE

PORT

TRANSLATE

BODY

NAT VIEW

PRIV ADDR

PUB ADDR

SERV ADDR

PROTO

PRIV PORT

SPOOF PORT

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled. The private IP address can be specified to steer certain protocols and ports to specific servers in the private network. Likewise, internal hosts can be steered to certain servers on the public network. A new request from the public network matching this entry’s public parameters will be dropped if this mode is set to ANY INTERNAL. Choices are SPECIFIED and

ANY INTERNAL. Default is ANY INTERNAL.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS-

LATION is enabled and PRIVATE ADDRESS MODE is set to

SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled. However, it will not be available if

PROTOCOL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP,

OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED or NONE.

The private destination port associated with this entry can be specified to add more control over certain types of traffic. Leave as ANY PORT to cover all port types. Choices are ANY PORT and SPECIFIED. Default is

ANY PORT.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled and the PRIVATE PORT MODE is set to SPECIFIED. However, it will not be available if PROTO-

COL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR

ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED or NONE. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANS- LATION is enabled. When set to YES, the application payload in the packet is scanned for occurrences of the private/public IP address in binary or ASCII form. Set this to No (default) for applications where this will cause problems.

Shows the protocols that are actively being translated.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the private address of the host that the entry is used for.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the public address this entry is using for its NAPT.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the destination of the packet.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the protocol used (TCP, UDP, ICMP, etc.).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the private port used for the entry.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. If the same private port is already used in the table, it will spoof a different port for the entry.

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SERVER PORT

TIME

IN CNT

OUT CNT

NAPT ADDRESS

ENTRY COUNT

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the port used on the public side.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the time since the entry was last used.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the number of packets that came in.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the number of packets sent out.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. Represents the public address that is being used as the NAPT address. Read-only.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. The number of entries in the NAT table. Maximum is 1500.

ENTRY OVERFLOW

COUNT

ROUTE

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. A count of the dropped entries due to entry count being 1500 or greater; i.e., the NAT table is full.

The IP parameters are configured in this menu. For unnumbered interfaces, the Total Access 600R will automatically discover the PPP peer’s networks using PPP IPCP and/or RIP.

FAR-END IP/NET

The PPP peer’s IP address or network can be set here, if known.

 

Leaving this at 0.0.0.0 means that the Total Access 600R will de-

 

termine the PPP peer’s IP and network (if unnumbered) using

 

the PPP IPCP. Default is 0.0.0.0.

NETMASK

This network mask is applied to the IP/NET address for

STATIC ROUTE

PRIVATE

HOPS (1-16)

FORCE IP

LOCAL IP

determining the PPP peer’s network. If left as 0.0.0.0, a standard network mask is used. Default is 0.0.0.0.

Selecting YES will add a static route to the remote peer to the route table. Default is YES.

Selecting YES will prevent this route from being advertised. Default is NO.

This value is the metric or number of hops that RIP will use in advertising the static route. The range is 1 to 16, where 1 is the default. The value 16 is considered an infinite distance in RIP and is, in effect, poisoning the route. When set to YES, the 600R will force the PPP peer to use

the IP address in the IP/Net for this profile as its WAN IP address. Normally this is set in the NO position. Default is

NO.

This is the IP address that is assigned to the PPP link when

using numbered links. By default, no address is assigned and the PPP link is unnumbered. Default is 0.0.0.0.

RIP

Use this menu to enable RIP on the WAN interface.

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MODE

PROTOCOL

METHOD

NONE

SPLIT HORIZON

(DEF)

POISON REVERSE

DIRECTION

TX AND RX (DEF)

TX ONLY

RX ONLY

TRIGGERED

RETAIN

Enables or disables RIP. Default is OFF.

Specifies the RIP protocol. Choices are V1 (RIP version 1) or V2 (RIP version 2). The default is V1.

Specifies the way the RIP protocol sends out its advertisements. Choices are given below.

All routes in the router table are advertised with no modification of the metrics.

Only routes not learned from this circuit are advertised.

All routes are advertised, but the routes learned from this port are “poisoned” with an infinite metric.

Allows the direction at which RIP advertisements are sent and listened to be specified.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted and are listened to on this port.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted but are not listened to on this port.

RIP advertisements are not transmitted on this port, but are listened.

When set to YES, only IP RIP updates are sent when the routing table has changed and learned routes are not “aged.” When set to NO (def), updates are sent periodically.

When this Connection List entry is disconnected and this parameter is set to YES, all routes learned from this WAN connection are retained and their routing interface is set to idle. This permits dial-on-demand to occur using this profile for any IP network that might have been advertised by the particular PPP peer. The idle routes can be flushed or “zombies” from the routing table if a manual hangup is performed when this WAN connection is not active. When this Connection List entry is disconnected and this parameter is set to NO (def), routes learned from this session are “zombies” and are not retained.

Bridge

The Bridge menu contains the parameters needed for exchanging bridged packets with the PPP peer.

MODE

When set to ON, the Total Access 600R will attempt to negotiate PPP BCP with the PPP peer. Bridging can be used even in route mode only if the PPP peer cannot support certain PPP protocols for that particular routing protocol. Default is OFF.

PPP

The Total Access 600R supports the IETF standards for the Point-to-Point Protocol. The PPP state machine running in the 600R can be fine-tuned to support many applications that can be employed. The configurable items under this menu can be changed from their default values for special cases.

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VJ COMPRESSION

When this item is set to ON, the Total Access 600R will perform TCP/IP header compression known as Van Jacobson Compression to the PPP peer. Default is OFF.

MAX CONFIG

This value is the number of unanswered configuration requests that should be transmitted before giving up on a connection. Choices are 5, 10, 15, and 20. Default is 20.

MAX TIMER (SEC)

This value is the number of seconds to wait between unanswered configuration requests. Choices are 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10. Default is 3.

MAX FAILURE

Due to the nature of PPP, configuration options may not be agreed upon between two PPP peers. This value is the number of configuration-NAKS that should occur before an option is configurationrejected. This allows a connection to succeed that might otherwise fail. Choices are 5, 10, 15, and 20. Default is 5.

Filters

The 600R can block packets in and out of a WAN port by use of the filters. They are set up in two steps: 1) define the types of packets that would be of interest in the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES menu, and 2) set up the filter type and combination of defines that will cause a packet block.

WAN-TO-LAN (IN)

The packets which come into the Total Access 600R can be filtered in three ways:

DISABLE (DEF)

Turns off packet input filtering. No incoming packets are blocked.

BLOCK ALL

All incoming packets from the WAN are blocked except as defined

 

in the FILTERS/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

FORWARD ALL

All incoming packets from the WAN are not blocked except as de-

 

fined in the FILTERS/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

IN EXCEPTIONS

This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.

ACTIVE Turns this entry active when set to YES. Default is NO.

TYPE

MAC

PATTERN

IP

FILTER LIST NAME

Selects the filter define list to reference (default is MAC):

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/MAC FILTER DEFINES list.

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/PAT- TERN FILTER DEFINES list.

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/IP FIL- TER DEFINES list.

Selects between filters defined in the list. Default is no entry in filter list name.

NEXT OPER

The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the

 

list (default is END):

END

the last filter to combination.

AND

logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list.

OR

logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.

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LAN-TO-WAN (OUT)

The packets which come out toward the WAN from the 600R can be filtered in three ways:

DISABLE (DEF)

Turns off packet output filtering. No outgoing packets are blocked.

BLOCK ALL

All outgoing packets to the WAN are blocked except as defined in

 

the FILTERS/OUT EXCEPTIONS list.

FORWARD ALL

All outgoing packets to the WAN are not blocked except as de-

 

fined in the FILTERS/OUT EXCEPTIONS list.

OUT EXCEPTIONS

This is a list of up to 32 filter entries. The setup is exactly the same as the FILTER/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

ROUTER>CONFIG>WAN>FRAME RELAY

Frame Relay is a connection-oriented service requiring circuits to be configured by your carrier to establish a physical link between two or more locations. Multiple virtual circuits (which appear as virtual point-to-point links) can be run through the same physical connection.

There are two types of virtual circuits supported in Frame Relay: Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVC) and Switched Virtual Circuit (SVC). PVCs are like dedicated point-to-point private lines. Since the physical connection is always there in the form of a leased line, call setup and tear down is done by a carrier via a network management system. SVCs require setup and tear down and are generally not available from Frame Relay carriers. Virtually all Frame Relay communications are implemented using PVCs. The Total Access 600R supports PVCs only.

A number called the Data Link Connection Identifier (DLCI) identifies each virtual circuit within a shared physical channel.

Maintenance Protocol

The Frame Relay maintenance protocol is used on the WAN port. The maintenance protocol is used to send link status and virtual circuit information between Frame Relay switches and other devices (such as routers) that communicate with them. Possible choices are listed below.

ANNEX D (DEF)

This is an ANSI standard and is the most commonly used standard

 

in the US.

ANNEX A

This is the CCITT European standard.

LMI

This was developed by a vendor consortium and is also known as

 

the “consortium” management interface specification. It is still

 

used by some carriers in the U.S.

STATIC

This should be selected when there is no Frame Relay switch in the

 

circuit. The DLCIs are assigned in the DLCI Mapping and must be

 

the same for the device it will communicate with.

Polling Frequency (5-30)

This parameter is the interval that the Total Access 600R polls the Frame Relay switch using the maintenance protocol selected above. The Total Access 600R is required to poll the Frame Relay switch periodically to determine whether the link is active. The value is in seconds and ranges from 5 to 30 seconds with a default of 10 seconds.

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DLCI Mapping

This menu allows each DLCI to be mapped to a particular Frame Relay maintenance protocol. Each protocol parameter can be individually configured for each DLCI. By factory default, the DLCI map is empty.

When empty and a maintenance protocol other than static is used, the Total Access 600R will poll the switch to determine which DLCIs are active. These active DLCIs will attempt to determine the IP addresses on the other end of the virtual circuit using Inverse ARP (IARP). If there is a response, the network learned will be added to the router tables and the virtual circuit will be treated as an unnumbered interface. Bridge connections are made using bridge group 1.

When more than one DLCI mapping is listed, the 600R will try to match the DLCIs learned from the Frame Relay switch with the DLCI values in the map. If there is a match, the protocols specified in the map are used. However, if an active DLCI is not in the list, it looks for an entry that has 0 in the DLCI field. This entry is considered the default entry to use when no match occurs. If this default entry is not present, the Total Access 600R falls back to using IARP (as discussed in the previous paragraph) to determine the protocols to use with that particular virtual circuit. If a static maintenance protocol is used, at least one DLCI mapping must be specified.

To insert a new profile, press the I key when over the Num column. A new inserted profile will always be set up with the default parameters. To copy parameters from an old profile to this newly inserted profile, use the copy (C) and paste (P) keys. Entire configuration trees can be copied with this method.

To delete an unused profile, use the D key when the cursor is over the number in the Num column. Once deleted, the profile is gone permanently as soon as the DLCI Mapping is saved. Items may be deleted when DEL appears below the status bar.

ACTIVE

When this parameter is set to Yes (def), the mapping is used to determine the protocols used. If set to No, the Total Access 600R will ignore the virtual circuit with this DLCI.

DLCI

This is the DLCI associated with this virtual circuit. This value can range from 16 to 1007. Default is

0.

IP MAP

This menu represents the IP protocol mapping that is to take place for this DLCI.

ACTIVE

When this is set to Yes (def), the Total Access 600R will

 

attempt to route IP packets for this DLCI. A setting of No

 

means that no IP traffic will be routed.

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IARP

FAR-END IP ADDRESS

IP NETMASK

When this is set to Yes, the Total Access 600R will send Inverse ARP packets to determine the IP address on the other end of the virtual circuit. If the IARP is responded to, a route is placed in the IP route table. A setting of No (default) means that the route address is to be assigned statically using the IP MAP/FAR-END IP ADDRESS parameter. The Total Access 600R will always respond to Inverse ARP requests.

This is the IP address of the device on the other end of the virtual circuit. When this DLCI becomes active, the Total Access 600R will add a route in the IP routing table. Default is

0.0.0.0.

The IP network mask to apply to the FAR-END IP ADDRESS and LINK IP ADDRESS is specified here. Default is 0.0.0.0.

LOCAL IP ADDRESS

NAT

The virtual circuit may require an IP address to be specified at this DLCI interface. This is called a numbered interface. This address is used by the Total Access 600R to respond to Inverse ARP requests. If this IP address is left as 0.0.0.0, the link is treated as unnumbered and the 600R responds to the Inverse ARP with its Ethernet IP address. Default is 0.0.0.0.

The Total Access 600R can perform Network Address Translation. This feature is most widely used when connecting to the Internet. The Ethernet network can consist of private network numbers. When this profile is connected, all IP addresses on the Ethernet side are translated into the one real IP address. Multiple stations on the Ethernet side can access the Internet simultaneously.

.

PORT TRANSLATION By enabling port translation, IP packets are modified as they pass through this interface. During transmission, private addresses are translated into a single public (NAPT) IP address. Incoming packets are translated from the public to private address based on the protocol port numbers. Once enabled, you must set up NAT for use. Default is DISABLED. When disabled, the unit will route across the connection normally.

PUBLIC IP ADDRESS

MODE

PUBLIC IP ADDRESS

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. The port translation requires at least a single real IP address for translating. This value can use the IP assigned to the interface (or assigned via layer 2 protocol like PPP), obtained using DHCP client, or statically specified on this menu. If the address cannot be learned, then it must be specified in order for the translation to work. Choices are INTERFACE, SPECIFIED, and

DHCP CLIENT. Default is INTERFACE.

This is the specified address used for the NAT. This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled and the PUBLIC IP ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

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TRANSLATION TABLE

PUBLIC

ADDRESS

MODE

PUBLIC

ADDRESS

PROTOCOL

MODE

PROTOCOL

PROTOCOL

TYPE

PUBLIC PORT

MODE

PUBLIC PORT

PUBLIC PORT

TYPE

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. Add translation entries to “fine tune” special protocols or specify private addresses.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled. The public IP address used for this translation entry can be the NAPT IP address assigned to the link or can be specified. You specify an address to direct packets with certain protocols to different servers. Choices are NAPT ADDR and SPECIFIED. Default is NAPT ADDR.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and the PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE is set to SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled. The upper layer protocol that is to be monitored for translation. For TCP and UDP, a port number must also be specified. Choices are TCP;

UDP; ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; and NONE. Default is NONE.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. Read-only.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PROTOCOL MODE is set to either

TCP or UDP.

The public destination port associated with this entry can be specified to add more control over certain types of traffic. Choices are SPECIFIED and ANY PORT. The default, ANY PORT, covers all port types.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL

MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PUBLIC PORT MODE is set to SPECI- FIED. However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL

MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Read-only.

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PRIVATE

ADDRESS

MODE

PRIVATE

ADDRESS

PRIVATE

PORT MODE

PRIVATE

PORT

TRANSLATE

BODY

NAT VIEW

PRIV ADDR

PUB ADDR

SERV ADDR

PROTO

PRIV PORT

SPOOF PORT

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled. The private IP address can be specified to steer certain protocols and ports to specific servers in the private network. Likewise, internal hosts can be steered to certain servers on the public network. A new request from the public network matching this entry’s public parameters will be dropped if this mode is set to

ANY INTERNAL. Choices are SPECIFIED and ANY INTERNAL. Default is ANY INTERNAL.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA-

TION is enabled and PRIVATE ADDRESS MODE is set to

SPECIFIED. Default is 0.0.0.0.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled. However, it will not be available if

PROTOCOL MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR

ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE.

The private destination port associated with this entry can be specified to add more control over certain types of traffic. Leave as ANY PORT to cover all port types.

Choices are ANY PORT and SPECIFIED. Default is ANY

PORT.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled and PRIVATE PORT MODE is set to SPEC- IFIED. However, it will not be available if PROTOCOL

MODE is set to ICMP; ANY (TCP, UDP, OR ICMP); ALL; SPECIFIED; or NONE. Default is 0 (decimal).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLA- TION is enabled. When set to YES, the application payload in the packet is scanned for occurrences of the private/public IP address in binary or ASCII form. Set this to No (default) for applications where this will cause problems.

Shows the protocols that are actively being translated.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the private address of the host that the entry is used for.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the public address this entry is using for its NAPT.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the destination of the packet.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This shows the protocol used (TCP, UDP, ICMP, etc.).

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the private port used for the entry.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. If the same private port is already used in the table, it will spoof a different port for the entry.

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SERVER PORT

TIME

IN CNT

OUT CNT

NAPT ADDRESS

ENTRY COUNT

ENTRY OVERFLOW

COUNT

RIP

VERSION

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the port used on the public side.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the time since the entry was last used.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the number of packets that came in.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. This is the number of packets sent out.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. Represents the public address that is being used as the NAPT address. Read-only.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. The number of entries in the NAT table. Maximum is 1500.

This option is only available when NAT PORT TRANSLATION is enabled. A count of the dropped entries due to entry count being 1500 or greater; i.e., the NAT table is full.

The RIP protocol can be specified per DLCI. The possible selections are Off (default) (meaning no RIP packets are listened to or sent), V1 (RIP version 1) or V2 (which is RIP version 2).

METHOD

NONE (DEF)

SPLIT HORIZON

POISON REVERSE

DIRECTION

TX AND RX (DEF)

TX ONLY

RX ONLY

This specifies the way the RIP protocol sends out its advertisements.

All routes in the router table are advertised out this virtual circuit with no modification of the metrics.

Only routes not learned from this particular virtual circuit are advertised.

All routes are advertised, but the routes learned from this port are “poisoned” with an infinite metric.

This parameter specifies the direction at which RIP advertisements are sent and listened.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted and are listened to on this virtual circuit.

RIP advertisements are periodically transmitted but are not listened to on this virtual circuit.

RIP is not transmitted on this virtual circuit but they are listened to.

Bridge Map

This menu is used to permit bridging of packets over this DLCI. Each DLCI or virtual circuit must be assigned a bridge group. The bridge group treats all virtual circuits as one circuit. Bridge packets destined to be transmitted out a particular bridge group are copied and transmitted individually out each DLCI in the bridge group. However, incoming bridge packets received from one DLCI are not retrans-

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mitted out the other DLCIs in the same bridge group. Any device in the bridge group must transmit to each DLCI. This requires a fully meshed circuit, meaning each device has a virtual circuit to each other.

ACTIVE

When this is set to Yes, the 600R will bridge packets to and from this DLCI. Bridge packets are any packets that are not IP packets except when the router is turned off, in which case that particular router’s protocol packets are bridged. A setting of No (def) means that no bridging will occur.

BRIDGE GROUP

The bridge group that this DLCI is part of is specified here as Group 1 (def) or Group 2. These groups correspond to the spanning tree protocols Bridge Group 1 and Bridge Group 2.

Filter

The 600R can block packets in and out of a PVC port by use of the filters. They are set up in two steps: 1) define the types of packets that would be of interest in the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES menu, and 2) set up the filter type and combination of defines that will cause a packet block.

IN FROM PVC

The packets which come into the Total Access 600R via this PVC can be filtered in three ways:

DISABLE (DEF)

Turns off packet input filtering. No incoming packets from this

 

PVC are blocked.

BLOCK ALL

All incoming packets from this PVC are blocked except as defined

 

in the FILTERS/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

FORWARD ALL

All incoming packets from this PVC are not blocked except as de-

 

fined in the FILTERS/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

IN EXCEPTIONS

This is a list of up to 32 filter entries which can be combined using the operations field. The operations are performed in the order they appear on the list.

ACTIVE

TYPE

MAC (DEF)

PATTERN

IP

FILTER LIST NAME

NEXT OPER

END (DEF)

AND

OR

Turns this entry active when set to Yes. Default is No. Selects the filter define list to reference.

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/MAC FILTER DEFINES list.

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/PAT- TERN FILTER DEFINES list.

from the CONFIGURATION/SECURITY/FILTER DEFINES/IP FIL- TER DEFINES list.

Selects between filters defined in the list.

The next operation to use to combine with the next filter in the list:

the last filter to combination.

logically AND this filter with the next filter in the list logically OR this filter with the next filter in the list.

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OUT TO PVC

The packets which transmit out this PVC from the Total Access 600R can be filtered in three ways:

DISABLE (DEF)

Turns off packet output filtering. No outgoing packets to this

 

PVC are blocked.

BLOCK ALL

All outgoing packets to this PVC are blocked except as defined

 

in the FILTERS/OUT EXCEPTIONS list.

FORWARD ALL

All outgoing packets to this PVC are not blocked except as de-

 

fined in the FILTERS/OUT EXCEPTIONS list.

OUT EXCEPTIONS

This is a list of up to 32 filter entries. The setup is exactly the same as the FILTER/IN EXCEPTIONS list.

Maintenance DLCI

The Total Access 600R can be configured from the WAN without having to preset a DLCI mapping or IP address. This value is the DLCI number used to open an IP session by the Total Access 600R. Any IP packet arriving from the PVC is assumed to be for the Total Access 600R’s IP stack. The destination address in the packet is assigned as the PVC’s local IP address. The source address is used to add a host route in the routing table. The default is 901, but any legal DLCI number can be used.

BECN Timeout (msec)

This value is expressed in milliseconds and represents the amount of time the Total Access 600R will stop transmitting over a PVC which received a packet with the BECN bit set. The default is 1.5 seconds.

ROUTER>STATUS

Use the ROUTER/STATUS menu to view and set the parameters shown in Figure 10. The ROUTER/STATUS screens give the user useful information for debugging the current routes in the 600R.

Figure 10. Router/Status Menu

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ROUTER>STATUS>SESSION

This menu contains the current status of all sessions and spanning tree ports.

ROUTER>STATUS>SESSION>PPP SESSION

This menu reflects the results of PPP negotiations, user name, time connected, and data rates for the session.

LCP

Link Control Protocol. Reflects LCP layer active

BCP

Shows UP if PPP Bridge Control Protocol has negotiated successfully

IPCP

Shows UP if PPP IP Control Protocol has negotiated successfully

UP TIME

Displays how long the PPP session has been connected

TX PKTS

Number of packets transmitted

RX PKTS

Number of packets received

TX BYTES

Number of bytes transmitted

RX BYTES

Number of bytes received

ROUTER>STATUS>SESSION>FRAME RELAY

Port

Shows Frame Relay statistics for the WAN port.

PORT INDEX

SIGNAL STATE

TX FRAMES

RX FRAMES

TX BYTES

RX BYTES

SIGNAL TX FRAMES

SIGNAL RX FRAMES

DROP UNKNOWN DLCI

DROP INVALID DLCI

Integer used for identifying DLCIs on an interface. A single DLCI will always be port index 0. Subsequent DLCIs will have incrementing port index values.

Displays “up” when the Total Access 600R is communicating with the Frame Relay switch; otherwise displays “down”

Total packets transmitted out Total packets received from port Total bytes transmitted out port Total bytes received from port

Number of Frame Relay signaling packets transmitted out port Number of Frame Relay signaling packets received from port

Number of frames received that were not associated with any known PVC

Number of frames received that had illegal DLCIs

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PVC’s

The status of all virtual circuits is displayed here.

DLCI

STATE

TX FRAMES

RX FRAMES

TX BYTES

RX BYTES

IP SUBIFC

BRIDGE GROUP

TX THROUGHPUT

RX THROUGHPUT

DE COUNT

CR COUNT

BECN COUNT

FECN COUNT

UNKNOWN FRAME

RX

ROUTER>STATUS>ARP CACHE

The DLCI that is associated with this virtual circuit. The state of the virtual circuit:

Inactive - means the circuit exists but has been deactivated by the Frame Relay switch.

Exists - means the circuit exists at this point and should be activated soon.

Active - means the circuit is fully active.

Off - means the circuit has been turned off by the DLCI mapping active selection.

Number of Frame Relay packets that have been transmitted via this DLCI.

Number of Frame Relay packets that have been received via this DLCI.

Number of Frame Relay bytes that have been transmitted via this DLCI.

Number of Frame Relay bytes that have been received via this DLCI.

The IP router port assigned for this DLCI. Possible ports are fr0, fr1, … , fr9. None means that this DLCI is not used for routing IP.

The bridge group that this DLCI belongs to (Group 1 or Group 2). None means that this DLCI is not used for bridging.

Current transmit rate of this DLCI Current receive rate of this DLCI

Number of packets received on this DLCI with the DE bit set Number of packets received on this DLCI with the CR bit set Number of packets received on this DLCI with the BECN bit set Number of packets received on this DLCI with the FECN bit set

Status indicating the number of frames that have been received that the Total Access 600R does not know where to route. The router does not know where to send these frames.

This lists the contents of the Total Access 600R’s ARP table. All resolved cache entries time out after 20 minutes. Unresolved entries time out in 3 minutes. The ARP cache can be cleared by pressing “f” while on the menu or by pressing “d” on the individual number for that entry.

ROUTER>STATUS>ARP CACHE>IP ADDRESS

IP address used for resolving MAC address

ROUTER>STATUS>ARP CACHE>MAC ADDRESS

Ethernet address resolved (0=no resolution)

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ROUTER>STATUS>ARP CACHE>TIME

Minutes since entry was first entered

ROUTER>STATUS>BRIDGE TABLE

This lists the contents of the Total Access 600R’s bridge table.

ROUTER>STATUS>BRIDGE TABLE>MAC ADDRESS

Ethernet address for device learned

ROUTER>STATUS>BRIDGE TABLE>PORT

This shows whether the packet is forwarded across the link (LAN or WAN). This populates after receiving a packet from a device, either from the Ethernet or the WAN connection.

ROUTER>STATUS>BRIDGE TABLE>TTL

Seconds until address is removed from table.

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES

This lists the contents of the Total Access 600R’s IP router table.

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>IP ADDRESS

Network or host destination address

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>NETMASK

Network mask applied to the destination address

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>GATEWAY

Host or router to receive this packet

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>PORT

Port gateway is located on:

LOCAL

 

Sent directly to the Total Access 600R router

ETH0

 

Total Access 600R’s ethernet port

WAN0

 

Total Access 600R’s first PPP bundle

FR 0 . . .

FR 9

Total Access 600R is connected up to 10 DLCIs

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>USE

Number of times the Total Access 600R has referenced the route

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ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>FLAGS

Important tags associated with this route entry

H route is a host route

G route is a gateway route

D route learned dynamically from RIP

I route learned from an ICMP redirect

P route is private and is not advertised with RIP

T route is to a triggered port (updates only when table changes)

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>HOPS

Number of routers that must go through to get to destination. Ranges from 0-15 or 16 for infinite (can’t get there from here).

ROUTER>STATUS>IP ROUTES>TTL

Seconds until address is removed from table. Value of 999 means route is static.

ROUTER>STATUS>WAN STATS

This shows traffic over the WAN interface and contains generic WAN statistics on the HDLC hardware port.

TX BYTES

RX BYTES

RX CRCS

CLEAR COUNTS

ROUTER>STATUS>LAN STATS

total number of raw bytes sent out HDLC total number of raw bytes received in HDLC total number of CRC errors detected on HDLC when activated, clears all WAN stat counts

This shows traffic over the LAN interface and contains statistics for the Ethernet port.

TX PACKETS

RX PACKETS

TX ERRORS

SINGLE COLLISIONS

MULTIPLE COLLISIONS

EXCESSIVE COLLISIONS

DEFERRED TRANSMISSIONS

CARRIER SENSE ERRORS

RX ERRORS

CRCS

GIANTS

RUNTS

RX COLLISIONS

CLEAR COUNTS

packets transmitted out the Ethernet port packets received from the Ethernet port

total transmit errors encountered on Ethernet port total single collisions before successful transmission

total multiple collisions before successful transmission

total collisions that resulted in packet being dropped total packets deferred due to collisions

total carrier sense errors encountered (no link integrity)

Total packets received in error and dropped total packets detected with CRC errors

total packets received that were greater than 1518 bytes

total packets received that were less than 64 bytes total collisions that occurred during reception When activated, clears all LAN Stat counts.

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ROUTER>STATUS>IP STATS

This menu contains IP statistics that can be useful when diagnosing problems. All are taken from the SNMP MIB-2 variables.

TCP FAILED ATTEMPTS

IP DATAGRAMS SENT

TCP PASSIVE CONNECTIONS

IP DATAGRAMS RECEIVED

TCP CURRENT CONNECTIONS

TOTAL FORWARDED DATAGRAMS

TCP SEGMENTS SENT

IP REASSEMBLY TIMEOUT

TCP SEGMENTS RECEIVED

DISCARDED ROUTING ENTRIES

TOTAL TCP RESETS

TOTAL IP FRAGMENTS

ACTIVE TCP CONNECTIONS

FAILED FRAGMENTS

TOTAL TCP RETRANSMITS

IP REASSEMBLY FAILURES

UDP DATAGRAMS SENT

DISASSEMBLED FRAGMENTS

NO APPLICATION AT DEST PORT

ERROR FREE DISCARDS

UDP DATAGRAMS RECEIVED

ROUTELESS DISCARDS

UDP BAD PACKETS

DEFAULT TTL

ICMP REDIRECTED MESSAGES

BAD IP ADDRESS

ICMP PACKET ERRORS

SUCCESSFUL FRAGMENTS

ICMP TIMEOUTS RECEIVED

BAD HEADER PACKETS

ICMP MESSAGES SENT

SENT DATAGRAMS TO UPPER LAYERS

ICMP MESSAGES RECEIVED

DATAGRAMS DISCARDED

ICMP SPECIFIC ERRORS

BAD PROTOCOL DISCARDS

IP DATAGRAMS REASSEMBLED

CLEAR COUNTS

ROUTER>LOGS

The Logs menu (Figure 11 on page 60) contains logs displaying important information about the running condition of the Total Access 600R. The logs can be set to capture diagnostics of error conditions only by way of a log level. The levels are divided up as follows:

level 0 - Fatal event (causes reset)

level 1 - Critical event

level 2 - Error event

level 3 - Warning event

level 4 - Notify event

level 5 - Informational event

level 6 - Debugging event

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Figure 11. Router/Logs Menu

ROUTER>LOGS>SYSLOG HOST

Set this to the IP address or domain name (if DNS configured) of the syslog host device. All log events are sent to this device.

ROUTER>LOGS>PPP LOG

Information pertaining to the PPP negotiation and authentication is logged in the PPP log.

The PPP log contains the following elements.

Active

When set to YES (def), PPP events below or equal the log level are logged into the log.

Wrap

When set to YES (def), new PPP events will overwrite old PPP events when the log is full. All logging will stop when the log is full and set to NO.

Level

In order to log events, they must be at or below this level. Range is 0 to 6. The default is 3.

View

This menu displays the log list. The fields are as follows:

DATE/TIME

LEVEL

MESSAGE

Date and time event occurred.

Level associated with this event (0-6).

Text message for this event. If message is too long to fit on the line, another event appears below it continuing the message.

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Clear

This clears the log when activated.

MODULES MENUS

MODULES>MODULES

The MODULES/MODULES menu provides options that allow you to configure and control the network interface. Figure 12 shows the MODULES/MODULES menu.

Figure 12. Modules Menu

To view the menus for the network interface via the terminal menu, use the arrow keys to scroll to the appropriate menu; then press Enter.

The table contains TYPE, MENU, ALARM, TEST, and STATUS indicators/menus. This document describes these menus for the Net (T1) interface.

MODULES>MODULES>SLT

Identifies the slot number. Slot 0 refers to the Total Access 600R. This is a read-only field.

MODULES>MODULES>TYPE

TYPE is displayed as NET (T1) indicating the network interface. This is a read-only field.

MODULES>MODULES>MENU

PRT identifies the port number. One is the port number of the network T1 interface.

MODULES>MODULES>MENU>DESC

Displays the name of the T1 interface being configured: NET (network).

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MODULES>MODULES>MENU>FORMAT

This sets the frame format for the T1 interface. The setting must match the frame format of the circuit to which the interface is connected. Choices are ESF, SF, SLC96 ALARM-16, and SLC96 ALARM-13. EXTENDED SUPERFRAME (ESF) provides a nondisruptive means of full-time monitoring on the facility datelined (FDL). Default is ESF.

SF is equivalent to the D4 frame format.

MODULES>MODULES>MENU>LINE CODE

This sets the line code for the T1 interface. The setting must match the line code of the circuit to which the interface is connected. Choices are B8ZS (bipolar with 8-zero substitution) and AMI (alternate mark inversion). Default is B8ZS.

MODULES>MODULES>MENU>EQUALIZATION

Select the line build out for the T1 interface. The setting of this field depends on whether the circuit is provisioned for DS1 by the telephone company. The choices are 0 dB, -7.5 dB, -15 dB, -22 dB. Default is 0

dB.

MODULES>MODULES>MENU>CSU LPBK

Choices are ENABLE, DISABLE, and DISABLE ALL. Default is ENABLE. This allows us to either respond or not respond to CSU loop up commands.

MODULES>MODULES>ALARM

Indicates whether there is an alarm condition on a T1 interface. An asterisk in a field indicates that an alarm is active. Press ENTER to access the ALARM menu.

PRT

LOSS OF SIGNAL

(LOS)

RED ALARM

(RED)

YELLOW ALARM

(YELLOW)

BLUE ALARM

(BLUE)

Displays the port number.

No signal detected on port interface.

Not able to frame data received on the port. Alternately referred to as Out of Frame (OOF).

Remote alarm indicator (RAI) being received on port.

Receiving unframed all ones from the port alarm indicator signal (AIS).

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MODULES>MODULES>TEST

These options are used to initiate local and remote loopback tests and display the test status.

MODULES>MODULES>TEST>LOC LB

Loopback of the local unit. Choices are NONE, LINE, and PAYLOAD. LINE LOOPBACK loops all of the received data back toward the network. The transmitted data is the identical line code that was received, including any bipolar violations. PAYLOAD LOOPBACK is similar to line loopback except that the framing is extracted from the received data and then regenerated for the transmitted data. NONE disables the loopback test. Default is NONE.

MODULES>MODULES>TEST>REM LB

Loopback of remote unit. Choices are NONE, LINE, and PAYLOAD. LINE LOOPBACK loops all of the received data back toward the network. The transmitted data is the identical line code that was received, including any bipolar violations. PAYLOAD LOOPBACK is similar to line loopback except that the framing is extracted from the received data and then regenerated for the transmitted data. NONE disables the loopback test. Default is NONE.

MODULES>MODULES>TEST>TEST STATUS

Indicates whether a test is in progress.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS

Displays T1 performance data.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>TIME FRAME

Choices are CURRENT, 15 MIN, and 24 HR. Default is CURRENT. The performance fields -- either CUR- RENT, 15 MIN, or 24 HR. -- provide status on key performance measures as specified in ANSI T1.403 and AT&T TR 54016 for the T1 port. When CURRENT is chosen, the performance data for the current 15 minute window is shown.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>CLEAR

Clears information for the T1 port. Press Enter when the cursor is over this field to clear the data.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>ES

Errored Seconds. An ES is a second with one or more error events or one or more Out Of Frame events or one or more Controlled Slips.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>SES

Severely Errored Seconds. An SES is a second with 320 or more error events or one or more Out Of Frame events.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>SEF

Severely Errored Frames.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>FS

Frame Sync Errors.

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MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>LCV

Line Code Violations.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>SLP

Slip Error Events.

MODULES>MODULES>STATUS>UAS

Unavailable seconds.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS

The MODULES/DS0 MAPS menu allows you to map network T1 time slots to the internal router. You can edit one of two maps stored in nonvolatile memory and make one of the maps the currently active map.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>ACTIVE MAP

Activates one of the two dedicated maps (MAP 1 or MAP 2). Default is MAP 1.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>APPLY TEMPLATE TO MAP 1

Choices are CURRENT MAP 1, CURRENT MAP 2, and CLEAR MAP. Default is CURRENT MAP 1. CLEAR MAP clears the entire map.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 1

Uses the currently defined map 1. The map 1 allows the user to assign slots and ports to individual DS0s 1-24.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 1>DS0

Displays the network T1 time slot to be assigned.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 1>SLOT

The first option is OPEN, which unassigns the slot if selected. Use RCU:TA 600 to map network timeslots to the router. Pick the appropriate slot and press <Enter>. Default is OPEN.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 1>PORT

The selection list shows only the remaining ports available to be assigned. It may be necessary to unassign a port in order to reassign it elsewhere. For the RCU:TA 600, the port choices are UNASSIGNED, ROUTER 56K, and ROUTER 64K. Default is N/A.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 1>RBS

Robbed Bit Signaling is N/A.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>APPLY TEMPLATE TO MAP 2

Choices are CURRENT MAP 1, CURRENT MAP 2, and CLEAR MAP. Default is CURRENT MAP 2. CLEAR MAP clears the entire map.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 2

Define map 2. The map 2 allows the user to assign slots and ports to individual DS0s 1-24.

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MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 2>DS0

Displays the network T1 time slot to be assigned.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 2>SLOT

The first option is OPEN, which unassigns the slot if selected. Use RCU:TA 600 to map network timeslots to the router. Pick the appropriate slot and press <Enter>. Default is OPEN.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 2>PORT

The selection list shows only the remaining ports available to be assigned. It may be necessary to unassign a port in order to reassign it elsewhere. For the RCU:TA 600, the port choices are UNASSIGNED, ROUTER 56K, and ROUTER 64K. Default is N/A.

MODULES>DS0 MAPS>MAP 2>RBS

Robbed Bit Signaling is N/A.

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Appendix A. Configuring the Total Access 600R for Routing

Initial Setup

Before the Total Access 600R can be configured for routing, DS0s must be mapped. (See DS0 Mapping below.)

DS0 Mapping

DS0 Mapping Instructions

Step

Action

1From the Main menu, select CHANNEL BANK and then select DS0 MAPS.

Verify that the ACTIVE MAP is set to either MAP 1 or MAP 2. This is the map that is actively running on the Total Access 600R. The unit has the ability to store two maps.

2• To edit the current map, press Enter on MAP 1 [+] to view the map. (If Map 1 is the Active Map)

To edit the standby map, press Enter on MAP 2 [+] to view the map. (If Map 1 is the Active Map)

The T1 line entering the Total Access 600R is broken up into 24 DS0s or channels. At least one DS0 needs to be mapped to the router in order to use the unit for routing purposes.

3Scroll down to the DS0 that will be mapped. (Any DS0 can be mapped to the router.)

4Set the SLOT number of the DS0 that you are mapping to RCU:TA600. Set the PORT of the DS0 that you are mapping to ROUTER 64K or ROUT-

5ER 56K, depending on the line speed.

Map all the DS0s as desired, and exit this menu by pressing the left ar-

6row button. Your changes will automatically save when exiting the map. Make sure the ACTIVE MAP is set to the correct map (the map you want

7running) before exiting the MODULES/DS0 MAPS menu.

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Setting up Routing Options

The Total Access 600R can support IP routing and bridging.These procedures are described on the pages that follow.

IP Routing

There are three steps required for the Total Access 600R to be used for IP Routing: (1) Global IP Setup, (2) Ethernet IP Setup, and (3) WAN IP Setup. All of these procedures are described in the pages that follow.

Global IP Setup

For basic IP routing, use all of the default values from the GLOBAL configuration menu.

 

Global IP Setup Instructions

 

 

 

 

Step

Action

 

 

1

From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

GLOBAL.

 

 

 

2

Press Enter on the IP [+] option.

 

 

3

Set the MODE to ON.

 

 

4

Press Enter on the STATIC ROUTES [+] to place static routes in the rout-

ing table.

 

 

 

5

Press Enter on DHCP SERVER [+] if the Total Access 600R needs to

serve IP addresses to Ethernet devices.

 

 

 

6

Set the DHCP MODE to ON. It is OFF by default.

 

 

7

To place DNS information in the Total Access 600R, press Enter on

DNS [+]. Enter Server IP addresses in the server fields.

 

 

 

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Ethernet IP Setup

 

Ethernet IP Setup Instructions

 

 

 

 

Step

Action

 

 

1

From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

ETHERNET.

 

 

 

2

Press Enter on the PRIMARY IP [+] option to enter primary ethernet con-

figuration.

 

 

 

3

Set the IP ADDRESS of the Ethernet port.

 

 

4

Set the SUBNET MASK of the Ethernet port.

 

 

5

Set the DEFAULT GATEWAY of the Ethernet port if needed.

 

 

6

RIP on the Ethernet is disabled by default. If RIP needs to be enabled,

press Enter on RIP [+]

 

 

 

7

Press the left arrow key to return to the main Ethernet menu.

 

 

 

If the Total Access 600R needs additional secondary IP addresses,

 

press Enter on SECONDARY IPS [+].The Total Access 600R supports up

8

to 10 additional LAN segments.

 

Enter each additional secondary IP address and subnet mask. Press "I"

 

to insert additional entries.

 

 

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WAN IP Setup

For WAN IP setup, choose either PPP IP Setup or Frame Relay IP Setup. Both of these procedures are described on the pages that follow.

 

 

WAN IP Setup - PPP IP Setup Instructions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step

 

 

Action

 

 

1

From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

WAN.

 

 

 

 

 

2

Set the L2 PROTOCOL to PPP.

 

 

3

Press Enter on the PPP PROFILE [+] option.

 

 

4

Press Enter on the AUTHENTICATION [+] option if you wish to change

options related to how the link is established. Default is TX METHOD =

 

PAP, CHAP, OR EAP.

 

 

 

5

Press the left arrow key to return to the WAN/PPP PROFILE menu, and

then press Enter on the IP [+] option. Verify that MODE is ON

 

 

 

6

Arrow down to ROUTE [+] to enter WAN IP information.

 

 

 

 

Enter WAN information:

 

 

Far-End IP Address

The far-end WAN IP address from the

 

 

 

Total Access 600R.

7

Subnet Mask

The subnet mask for this WAN link

 

Local IP

The local WAN IP address for the Total

 

 

 

Access 600R.

 

The other config items can be left at the defaults.

 

 

8

Use the <Esc> key to return to the top level Total Access 600R menu.

Confirm any necessary changes.

 

 

 

9

For NAT configuration, please see IP Routing with NAT.

 

 

 

 

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WAN IP Setup - Frame Relay IP Setup Instructions

(required if the Total Access 600R is to be used for Frame Relay IP Routing on the WAN interface)

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

WAN.

2Set the L2 PROTOCOL to FRAME RELAY.

3Press Enter on the FRAME RELAY [+] option.

4Set the MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL to ANNEX D, ANNEX A, LMI, OR STATIC.

The MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL should be set based on the Frame Relay switch.

 

WAN IP Setup-Frame Relay IP Setup - Map DLCIs

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and press Enter on the FRAME RELAY [+] option.

2Press Enter on DLCI MAPPING [+]. Right arrow one time to create an entry.

3Set ACTIVE to YES.

4Set DLCI to the DLCI number.

5Press Enter on the IP MAP [+].

6Set ACTIVE to YES.

7Set IARP to NO.

Configure WAN IP information

• Far-End IP Address The far-end WAN IP address from the Total Access 600R.

8

Subnet Mask

The subnet mask for this WAN link

 

Local IP

The local WAN IP address for the Total

 

 

 

Access 600R.

The other config items can be left at the defaults.

9 For NAT configuration, please see IP Routing with NAT.

10Press <Esc> to return to main menu. Confirm all changes by pressing "y" when prompted.

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WAN IP Setup - IP Routing with NAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step

 

Action

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depending on whether you are doing PPP or Frame Relay, the NAT menu is found

 

 

 

 

under ROUTER/CONFIG/WAN/PPP PROFILE/IP/NAT or ROUTER/CONFIG/WAN/FRAME

 

 

1

RELAY/DLCI MAPPING/IP MAP/NAT. The NAT menu can be easily accessed by

 

 

pressing <Ctrl><N>. The <Ctrl> <N> command will take you to the FRAME RELAY NAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

menu if the L2 PROTOCOL is set to FRAME RELAY. The <Ctrl> <N> command will take

 

 

 

 

you to the PPP NAT menu if the L2 PROTOCOL is set to PPP.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

From the NAT menu, set NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION to ENABLED. (This will

 

 

enable translation and populate the corresponding NAT menu options.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Set PUBLIC IP ADDRESS MODE to either INTERFACE or SPECIFIED.

 

 

 

 

INTERFACE is the default and will use the WAN IP address for the NAPT address.

 

 

3

SPECIFIED allows you to enter another public address for private addresses to be

 

 

translated into.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For basic NAT, this is all of the configuration that needs to be done.

 

 

 

 

For specific port translations or 1:1 mapping, you can enter TRANSLATION TABLE [+].

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

From the TRANSLATION TABLE menu, create a new entry by using the right arrow to

 

 

enter the table.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Create specific NAT translations based on your application.

 

 

 

 

PUBLIC ADDRESS MODE

NAPT ADDR (Address) or SPECIFIED. Choice of using the

 

 

 

 

 

NAPT address or specifying a different public address to

 

 

 

 

 

be used for this translation.

 

 

 

 

PROTOCOL

Protocol for this translation.

 

 

 

 

PUBLIC PORT MODE

SPECIFIED or ANY PORT. Choosing SPECIFIED brings up

 

 

 

 

 

the PUBLIC PORT and PUBLIC PORT TYPE (read-only)

 

 

 

 

 

settings.

 

 

 

 

PUBLIC PORT

Numeric Public Port number to be translated (i.e., 23,

 

 

 

 

 

80).

 

 

 

5

PUBLIC PORT TYPE

Read-only port type chosen by the user setting of the

 

 

 

PUBLIC PORT option.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRIVATE ADDRESS MODE

SPECIFIED or ANY INTERNAL. Choosing SPECIFIED brings

 

 

 

 

 

up the PRIVATE ADDRESS option.

 

 

 

 

PRIVATE PORT MODE

SPECIFIED or ANY PORT. Choosing SPECIFIED brings up

 

 

 

 

 

the PRIVATE PORT option.

 

 

 

 

PRIVATE PORT

Numeric Private Port number to be translated to (i.e. 23,

 

 

 

 

 

80).

 

 

 

 

 

TRANSLATE BODY

YES or NO. If set to YES, this will translate the body of the

 

 

 

 

 

data packet and replace the private address with the

 

 

 

 

 

NAPT address. Default is NO, which is used for most

 

 

 

 

 

applications.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Appendix B. Configuring the Total Access 600R for Bridging

Initial Setup

Before the Total Access 600R can be configured for bridging, DS0s must be mapped. (See DS0 Mapping on page 66).

Setting up Bridging Options

If the Total Access 600R will be used for bridging, continue with the steps below.

Bridging

There are two steps required for the Total Access 600R to be used for Bridging: (1) Global Bridging Setup and (2) WAN Bridging Setup. Both of these procedures are described on the pages that follow.

Global Bridging Setup

Global Bridging Setup Instructions

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

GLOBAL.

2Press Enter on the BRIDGE [+] option.

3Set the MODE to ON. Return to the main GLOBAL menu.

4Press Enter on the IP [+] option.

5Set the MODE to OFF.

6Return to the main menu. Confirm all configuration changes with “y” for yes.

WAN Bridging Setup

Choose one of the following options: PPP Bridge Setup or Frame Relay Bridge Setup. Both of these procedures are described on the pages that follow.

WAN Bridging - PPP Bridge Setup Instructions

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

WAN.

2Set the L2 PROTOCOL to PPP.

3Press Enter on the PPP PROFILE [+] option.

4Press Enter on the BRIDGE [+] option.

5Set the MODE to ON.

6Return to the main PPP PROFILE [+] menu.

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WAN Bridging - PPP Bridge Setup Instructions (Continued)

7Press Enter on the IP [+] option.

8Set the MODE to OFF.

9Press <Esc> to return to the main menu. Confirm all configuration changes with “y” for yes.

WAN Bridging - Frame Relay Bridge Setup Instructions

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, and then select

WAN.

2Set the L2 PROTOCOL to FRAME RELAY.

3Press Enter on the FRAME RELAY [+] option.

4Set the MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL to ANNEX D, ANNEX A, LMI, OR STATIC.

The MAINTENANCE PROTOCOL should be set based on the Frame

Relay switch.

WAN Bridging - Frame Relay Bridge Setup - Map DLCIs

Step

Action

1From the Main Menu, select ROUTER, select CONFIG, select WAN, and press Enter on the FRAME RELAY [+] option.

2Press Enter on DLCI MAPPING [+].

3Press Enter on the BRIDGE MAP [+] of each DLCI you wish to set up for bridging.

4Set ACTIVE to YES.

5Set the BRIDGE GROUP.

6Return to the DLCI list.

7Press Enter on the IP MAP [+] option.

8Set ACTIVE to NO.

9Return to the main menu. Confirm all configuration changes with “y” for yes.

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