2N StarGate/BlueTower v5.2 User Manual

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2N® StarGate

User Manual

Version

5.2

www.2n.cz

The 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE joint-stock company is a Czech manufacturer and supplier of telecommunications equipment.

The product family developed by 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s. includes GSM gateways, private branch exchanges (PBX), and door and lift communicators. 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s. has been ranked among the Czech top companies for years and represented a symbol of stability and prosperity on the telecommunications market for almost two decades. At present, we export our products into over 120 countries worldwide and have exclusive distributors on all continents.

2N® is a registered trademark of 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s.. Any product and/or other names mentioned herein are registered trademarks and/or trademarks or brands protected by law.

2N TELEKOMUNIKACE administers the FAQ database to help you quickly find information and to answer your questions about 2N products and services. On www.faq.2n.cz you can find information regarding products adjustment and instructions for optimum use and procedures „What to do if...“.

Declaration of Conformity

2N TELEKOMUNIKACE hereby declares that the 2N® StarGate product complies with all basic requirements and other relevant provisions of the 1999/5/EC directive. For the full wording of the Declaration of Conformity see the CD-ROM enclosed and at www.2n.cz.

The 2N TELEKOMUNIKACE company is the holder of the ISO 9001:2009 certificate. All development, production and distribution processes of the company are managed by this standard and guarantee a high quality, technical level and professional aspect of all our

Content

 

1. Product Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5

1.1

Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6

1.2

System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8

1.3

Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

1.4

Innovations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19

1.5

Terms and Symbols Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20

2. Description and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21

2.1

Plug-In Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22

2.2

Antenna and Antenna Splitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

40

2.3

Gateway Rack Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

46

2.4

Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

48

3. Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58

3.1

Important Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

59

3.2

Quick Step-by-Step Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61

3.3

Web Configuration Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

63

3.4

Enhanced CPU Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

91

3.5

2N® External Routing Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

107

3.6

2N® SIM Star System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

123

4. List of AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

125

4.1 Basic Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

126

4.2

Configuration Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

127

5. Advanced Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

134

5.1

List of Status Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

135

5.2

Trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

141

5.3

Tracing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

143

5.4

List of LOG Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

144

5.5

CDR Line Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

146

5.6

Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

147

6. Technical Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

6.1

2N®

StarGate Technical Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

150

6.2

2N®

BlueTower Technical Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

153

7. Supplementary Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

7.1

Regulations and Directives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

156

7.2

Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

157

7.3

List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

158

7.4

General Instructions and Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

160

1. Product Overview

In this section, we introduce the 2N® StarGate / BlueTower product, outline its application options and highlight the advantages following from its use. This section also includes safety instructions.

Here is what you can find in this section:

1.1 Compatibility

1.2

System

1.3

Product Description

1.4

Innovations

1.5

Terms and Symbols Used

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5

1.1 Compatibility

This section describes compatibility of the earlier HW versions with the new CPU version. Obey the instructions included herein to make your 2N® StarGate / BlueTower system work correctly.

CPU

 

New CPU version

Earlier CPU version

Serial number

M202-xxxxxxxxxxx

M112-xxxxxxxxxxx

Web interface

YES

NO

SIM Client (SIMStar Server

YES

NO (located on extension

support)

board)

 

Integrated AUX

YES

NO (independent card

required)

 

 

SMS sending/receiving account

YES

NO

PRI Board

Use the PRI1/PRI2 card of version PRI132 and higher with the new CPU.

Using a PRI card other than that described above may lead to the 2N® StarGate / BlueTower system malfunction.

VoIP Board

The VIP172 VoIP card can be used both for the ealier and new CPU versions.

AUX Board

The AUX card is no more available in the new 2N® StarGate / BlueTower system as the AUX inteface is integrated in the CPU.

Do not use the AUX card with your new CPU as the AUX card is not part of the 2N® StarGate / BlueTower system any more.

GSM/UMTS Board

The new CPU is compatible with all the GSM/UMTS cards described in the GSM / UMTS Board subsection.

The following cards only support the 2N® SIM Star service with the new CPU version.

UMTS board with 2 UMTS engines, 4SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support. Part No. 5070553/555E.

GSM board with 2 GSM engines , 4SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support. Part No. 5070550/554E.

The 2N® SIM Star service is not available with the old CPU (M112) versions for the above mentioned cards.

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1.2 System

This user manual is designed for two types of gateways. Both the gateways have the same features and differ in the maximum capacity of the GSM / UMTS channels used.

2N® StarGate

2N® BlueTower

2N® TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s., www.2n.cz

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2N® StarGate

Basic Dimensions

2N® StarGate is the biggest GSM gateway in the 2N® PRI gateway family. The system is integrated in a 19" subrack of the height of 3U and depth of 360mm. The front side is open, equipped with slots for plug–in boards with front panels. The panel includes the main switch. In case not all GSM / UMTS cards are plugged in, the vacant front section must be covered with a fixed panel(s).

The whole backside is covered with a panel with a built–in active fan, which is automatically switched on whenever the power supply temperature exceeds 70°C. The main power supply unit is located in front of the fan. The bottom and upper sides are covered by perforated sheet and the assembly flanges are provided with handrails.

The system bus is designed as a printed circuit board (PCB) with DIN connectors and fitted to the inner subrack carrier profiles.

Front Side Division

The subrack width is divided into an 8HP–wide mains panel and 19x4HP–wide modules in the following sequence (from right to left):

VoIP version

 

 

Fixed panel with a main switch (AC type) or power connectors (DC

8HP

 

type)

 

 

VoIP card

4HP

 

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

 

Empty position

4HP

 

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space

(each

 

4HP)

 

ISDN version

 

 

Fixed panel with a main switch (AC type) or power connectors (DC

8HP

 

type)

 

 

Empty position

4HP

 

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

 

1ISDN PRI or 2ISDN PRI card

4HP

 

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space

(each

 

4HP)

 

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ISDN + VoIP version

 

Fixed panel with a main switch (AC type) or power connectors (DC

8HP

type)

 

VoIP card

4HP

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

1ISDN PRI or 2ISDN PRI card

4HP

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space (each

 

4HP)

Examples of Used Types

Figure: Empty 2N® StarGate Rack

Warning

Make sure that the backside jumpers have been connected properly in the rack to make your system work correctly. Refer to Gateway Rack Configuration for more details.

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2N StarGate/BlueTower v5.2 User Manual

Figure: 2N® StarGate with 16 GSM Boards, Enhanced Basic CPU, VoIP Interface and AC Power Supply

Figure: 2N® StarGate with 16 UMTS Boards, Enhanced CPU, 2 ISDN PRI Interfaces and AC Power Supply

Figure: 2N® StarGate with 16 UMTS Boards, Enhanced CPU, 2 ISDN PRI, VoIP Interfaces and AC Power Supply

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The PRI/CPU/VoIP card positions are fixed and may not be interchanged in the rack.

Note

Please keep all cards in the right positions. Wrong positions will cause malfunction of the whole system!

In the case of VoIP card replacement by ISDN PRI (and vice versa) please read the instructions in Section 2.4 Installation.

Power Supply

The system uses an industrial power supply unit with natural cooling and an auxiliary external fan, which is switched on automatically whenever the power supply temperature exceeds 70°C. The power supply unit is designed with a 30% reserve even under the maximum load.

Power supply types

Internal 90 – 260V / 50 – 60 Hz (output 5V / 30A).

2x Internal 90 – 260V / 50 – 60 Hz (output 5V / 30A) (redundant).

Internal 48 DC (output 5V / 30A).

The type of the power supply unit to be used depends on the part number.

Caution

Make sure that the incoming supply is matching the requested values!

High voltage may cause a serious injury or death!

Tip

You are recommended to connect the gateway to the UPS system.

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2N® BlueTower

Basic Dimensions

2N® BlueTower is the smallest of the 2N® PRI gateway family, featuring the capacity up to 8 GSM / UMTS channels. The system is integrated in a small 19" subrack of the height of 3U, width of 29HP and depth of 320mm. The front side is open, equipped with slots for plug–in boards with front panels. The panel includes the main switch. In case not all GSM / UMTS cards are plugged in, the vacant section of the front side must be covered with a fixed panel(s). An optional antenna splitter can be installed.

The whole backside is covered with a panel with a built–in safety–fuse box and power socket. The main power supply unit is inside the system and is fully designed for passive cooling. The bottom and upper sides are covered with EMC sheet.

The system bus is designed as a printed circuit board (PCB) with DIN connectors and fitted to the inner subrack carrier profiles.

Front Side Division

The subrack width is divided into 7x4HP–wide modules in the following sequence (from right to left):

VoIP version

 

 

VoIP card

4HP

 

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

 

Empty position

4HP

 

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space

(each

 

4HP)

 

ISDN version

 

 

Empty position

4HP

 

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

 

1ISDN PRI or 2ISDN PRI card

4HP

 

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space

(each

 

4HP)

 

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ISDN + VoIP version

 

VoIP card

4HP

Basic or enhanced CPU card

4HP

1ISDN PRI or 2ISDN PRI card

4HP

GSM or UMTS cards (one for two GSM / UMTS channels)

Remaining

 

space (each

 

4HP)

Please keep the GSM/PRI/CPU/VoIP card positions. The positions are fixed and may not be interchanged.

4 positions are only designed for the GSM/UMTS cards (from left to right).

Examples of Used Types

Figure: 2N® BlueTower with 2 UMTS Boards, Enhanced CPU, VoIP Interfaces and Integrated Antenna Splitter

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Figure: 2N® BlueTower with 2 UMTS Boards, Basic CPU, 2 ISDN PRI Interfaces and Integrated Antenna Splitter

Figure: 2N® BlueTower with 2 UMTS Boards, Basic CPU, 2 ISDN PRI, VoIP Interfaces and Integrated Antenna Splitter

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Figure: 2N® BlueTower with 4 UMTS Boards, Basic CPU, 2 ISDN PRI, VoIP Interfaces

Note

Please keep all cards in the right positions. Wrong positions will cause malfunction of whole system!

In the case of VoIP card replacement by ISDN PRI (and vice versa) please read the instructions in Section 2.4 Installation.

Power Supply

The system uses an industrial power supply unit with natural cooling and an auxiliary external fan, which is switched on automatically whenever the power supply temperature exceeds 70°C. The power supply unit is designed with a 30% reserve even under the maximum load.

Power supply types

Internal 90–260V / 50 – 60 Hz (output 5V / 30A).

Caution

Make sure that the incoming supply is matching the requested values!

High voltage may cause a serious injury or death!

Tip

You are recommended to connect the gateway to the UPS system.

2N® TELEKOMUNIKACE a.s., www.2n.cz

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1.3 Product Description

Basic Features

2N® StarGate / BlueTower is a compact yet highly sophisticated system. It supports full remote supervision and configuration via web interface or using an external modem over a BRI–ISDN and analogue line, or over a B channel in a PRI–ISDN trunk. The system has been designed and works with a lot of highly sophisticated functions, which make it fully client–oriented and highly reliable in cooperation with both GSM networks and ISDN. In addition, it provides full monitoring and comfortable (web interface) configuration without functional limitations. Configuration alterations can be made without resetting, i.e. under full operation. Hot–swappable plug–in GSM / UMTS boards, which can be swapped under full operation including SIM cards, are a matter of course. The use of up to eight SIM cards per GSM / UMTS module in combination with an intelligent SIM card switching tool and detailed statistics upgrade this system into a powerful LCR tool. There is also support of remote SIM cards (2N® SIM Star) and an external LCR machine (2N® External Routing Machine). High product stability is achieved by the fact that the gateway is programmed in the ASM, i.e. an OS–FREE system. The system also features easy installation, simple operation and easy replacement of defective parts as it is composed of plug–in boards that communicate independently along system buses. As already mentioned, the system allows for an easy detection of defective parts, automatic locking against use and easy replacement (hot–swap). Thanks to the above–mentioned properties, the system can be installed and configured successfully within one hour!

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Advantages of 2N® StarGate/BlueTower

Compact size, modularity and hot–swappable solution.

Up to 32 GSM / UMTS modules (8 in BlueTower).

Up to 256 SIM cards in a system (StarGate).

Worldwide use – GSM / UMTS boards support all standard GSM (850/900/1800/1900MHz) and UMTS (850/1900/2100MHz) bandwidths.

Antenna splitters and a high–gain antenna.

Support of up to two ISDN PRI (DSS1) or one VoIP (SIP) connections.

Sending / receiving SMS.

A large memory for detailed Call Data Records (CDR).

Detailed call statistics generating.

Quick start – being free of an operating system (programmed in the processor code), the system is completely ready within 30 seconds after power on/restart. Of course, the full function time of all GSM modules depends on the current load and capacity of the GSM networks to which the gateway is connected.

Intelligent call processing – Least Cost Routing (LCR), SMS and Voice CallBack, Auto CLIP routing, DISA dial–in.

Intelligent selection of GSM / UMTS module to be used.

Support of remote SIM card function (2N® SIM Star).

Possibility to replace internal LCR with an external solution (2N® ERM).

Remote control, configuration and firmware upgrade.

High connection rate and ASR, low PDD.

AoC support.

Direct connection to GSM modules via Telnet protocol.

SNMP error traps (eCPU).

FTP access to download CDR, SDR (eCPU). Support of lock with defined BTS.

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1.4 Innovations

If you program your 2N®StarGate / BlueTower parameters by means of a computer, you need a web browser (when using the CPU web interface).

For the most recent firmware version refer to www.2n.cz and for necessary instructions see the Others - Update subsection hereof.

At www.2n.cz you will also find the most recent version of this manual in the popular PDF format. We recommend you to use it especially in connection with the firmware upgrade as it introduces new useful functions.

Preliminary information on functions that are not yet available is typed on a light grey background or is printed in grey letters instead of black ones.

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19

1.5 Terms and Symbols Used

Manual Symbols

Safety

Always abide by this information to prevent personal injury.

Warning

Always abide by this information to prevent damage to the device.

Caution

Important information for system functionality.

Tip

Useful information for quick and efficient functionality.

Note

Routines or advice for efficient use of the device.

Future Functions

A grey-marked text in this document specifies the 2N® StarGate/BlueTower function s that will be supported in the future.

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2. Description and Installation

This section describes the 2N® StarGate/BlueTower product and its installation.

Here is what you can find in this section:

2.1 Plug-In Boards

2.2 Antenna and Antenna Splitters

2.3 Gateway Rack Configuration

2.4 Installation

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21

2.1 Plug-In Boards

All the plug-in cards have defined positions in the system rack. Please keep all cards in their respective positions. Wrong positions may cause malfunction of the whole system. The type and quantity of the cards used in your 2N® StarGate / BlueTower gateway depend on the part number of the gateway and other components.

Note

All the status LEDs (as described below) provide basic status information only. For detailed information use the terminal or web interface.

Here is what you can find in this section:

Basic CPU Board

Enhanced CPU Board

GSM / UMTS Board

PRI Board

VoIP Board

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Basic CPU Board

The basic CPU board carries only the main CPU, which supports all basic features of the gateway (web interface, 2N® SIM Star support, SMS) . The advanced features of the enhanced version (SMS2Outlook, SNMP, SMS/Call simulator) are not available.

Board Description

The CPU board contains a processor system controlling the whole system. The board is designed on a 4–layer PCB of the size of 160x100mm. A simple COM1 serial interface, an Ethernet connector (10Base–T) and 5 board status LED indicators are located on the front panel.

1.Indicates board supply; the LED is green if the gateway is powered on and shows no malfunction.

2.Indicates board initialisation or malfunction.

3.Indicates CDR memory (not shining = empty; flashing 1:1 = 50% full memory; shining = 100% full memory.

4.1st serial interface of the basic CPU.

5.10BaseT Ethernet connection of the basic CPU.

COM1 Serial Interface Parameters

The COM1 interface is used as a local port for temporary connection of a PC (terminal) for installation and servicing purposes and permanent connection of the SMS server (supervision PC). It provides local monitoring, configuration, tracing and firmware upgrade.

Transmission rate: 57.6 kbps

Bit format: start, 8bit, stop (no parity)

Signals: RXD, TXD, RTS, CTS, GND

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Configuration Jumpers

The figure below shows the CPU configuration jumper. The JP1 jumper can be connected in one of the following three positions.

CPU – COM1 communication port is active for communication with the CPU.

eCPU – COM1 communication port is active for communication with the eCPU. DEF – used for CPU default reset.

Figure: Configuration Jumpers

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Enhanced CPU Board

The enhanced version of the CPU board carries two boards with a main CPU and an extension unit. The main CPU and extension unit have a dedicated Ethernet connector and share a serial interface (switchable by the jumper located on the main CPU board). The enhanced CPU board supports all the basic CPU features and some additional features:

Graphic web interface.

Support of the SMTP and POP3 protocols for sending / receiving SMS.

CDR downloader (an SD card is required).

SMS and Call simulator.

SNMP remote control.

FTP access for CDR and SRD.

Some features can be limited by the licence file. For detailed information please read the Gateway Control subsection.

Board Description

The board is designed on a 4–layer PCB of the size of 160x100mm. There is also an extension card located on the main PCB. The board has one simple COM1 serial interface shared by both the CPUs, two Ethernet connectors (CPU=10Base–T and Ext. unit=100Base–T), and 10 board status LED indicators on the front panel.

1.Indicates board supply. The LED is green in case the gateway is powered on and shows no malfunction.

2.Indicates board initialisation or malfunction.

3.Indicates CDR memory (not shining = empty; flashing 1:1 = 50% full memory; shining = 100% full memory).

4.Shared serial interface. To switch to the basic CPU connect JP1 on the main CPU

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card.

5.10BaseT Ethernet interface of the basic or enhanced CPU board.

6.Indicates (shining) that the extension unit is powered on.

7.Indicates (shining) that the extension unit's CPU is IDLE.

8.Indicates (flashing 1:1) that the CPU is not stopped.

9.Shared serial interface. To switch to the basic CPU connect JP1 on the main CPU card.

10.100BaseT Ethernet interface of the extension unit of the enhanced CPU board.

COM1 Serial Interface Parameters

The COM1 interface is used as a local port for temporary connection of a PC (terminal) for installation and servicing purposes and permanent connection of the SMS server (supervision PC). It provides local monitoring, configuration, tracing and firmware upgrade.

In the case of switch JP1, switch the COM1 interface to Ext. unit where you find the console menu for basic Ext. unit IP settings. To locate JP1 please check the figure in the Configuration Jumpers subsection below.

Basic CPU Connection

Transmission rate: 57.6 kbps

Bit format: start, 8bit, stop (no parity)

Signals: RXD,TXD,GND

Ext. Unit Connection

Transmission rate: 115.2 kbps

Bit format: start, 8bit, stop (no parity)

Signals: RXD,TXD,GND

Configuration Jumpers

There are two configuration jumpers on the enhanced CPU board. JP1 is intended for switching the serial port between the CPU board and an optional extension board. JP2 is designed for restoring default settings of the enhanced CPU. JP2 is located on the upper PCB. To restore the default values follow the steps below:

Switch off the GSM gateway.

Remove the CPU card and connect JP2.

Insert the CPU card and switch on the GSM gateway.

Wait for one minute and switch off the GSM gateway again.

Remove the CPU card and release JP2.

Insert the CPU card and switch on the GSM gateway.

Now the factory settings are restored on the enhanced CPU.

Tip

To restore the factory settings you can also get connected to the serial console and select the Factory reset option.

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Figure: Configuration Jumpers

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GSM / UMTS Board

Board Description

The GSM / UMTS board contains two GSM or UMTS wireless modules, circuits for their connection to the PCM bus, and DTMF receivers (+CPU in the case of board with the 2N® SIM Star support). The board is designed on a 4–layer PCB of the size of 160x100mm. Pins 1 and 32 are approximately 1 mm longer in the GSM board system connector and are used for 'hot swap' power feeding, allowing to push the board in and out even during operation. This feature is especially handy while installing or replacing SIM cards. Two SMA antenna connectors and 5 board status indicators are located on the front panel.

1. PWR – Board supply indication

Shining: Switched on.

Flashing: Board in the sleep mode. 2. INIT – Board initialisation indication

Shining: Board faulty or not yet initialised.

Flashing: Board initialisation failure or system incompatibility. 3. SLP – Board sleep state indication

Shining: Both wireless channels manually blocked. 4. CH1/CH2 – Wireless engine state indication

Shining RED: Wireless engine blocked or switched off.

Flashing RED: Wireless engine restart in progress.

Shining GREEN: Proceeding call.

Flashing slowly GREEN: Call terminating or voice settings in progress.

Flashing quickly GREEN: Wireless engine trying to log in. Light off: Wireless engine ready for calling.

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5. SMA female antenna connector of wireless engines

Tip

For an easy SIM card replacement, all GSM / UMTS boards are designed as hot–swappable units.

Board Types

The 2N® StarGate / BlueTower gateway can use several types of GSM or UMTS boards. The board specification includes the type of wireless device(s), count of SIM cards channel and 2N® SIM Star support data.

Table of available GSM / UMTS cards (2009):

GSM board with 2 Cinterion MC55i engines, 4SIM/channel, no 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Cinterion MC55i engines, 8SIM/channel, no 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Cinterion MC55i engines, 1SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Wavecom Q55 (WMP100) engines, 4SIM/channel, no 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Wavecom Q55 (WMP100) engines, 8SIM/channel, no 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Wavecom Q55 (WPM100) engines, 1SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support.

GSM board with 2 Wavecom Q55 (WMP100) engines, 4SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support.

UMTS board with 2 SierraWireless MC8790V engines, 4SIM/channel, no 2N® SIM Star support.

UMTS board with 2 SierraWireless MC8790V engines, 1SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support.

UMTS board with 2 Telit UC864–G engines, 4SIM/channel, 2N® SIM Star support.

Note

The GSM / UMTS boards can be locked for use in defined GSM / UMTS networks only. For additional information please ask your system supplier.

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¨

Figure: SIM Card Positions on 4SIM/Channel Boards

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Figure: SIM Card Positions on 8SIM/Channel Boards

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Figure: SIM Card Positions on 1SIM/Channel Boards

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Figure: SIM Card Positions on 4SIM/Channel Boards

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PRI Board

Board Description

The PRI board contains one or two (depends on the part number) ISDN interfaces and PCM bus timing circuits. PRI 1 is designed as an internal interface (with an activated LCR function) and PRI 2 as an external interface (all calls from the port are always routed to PRI 1). The interface can work in the MASTER or SLAVE mode (set the PRI 1 mode using the configuration tool and PRI 2 has always the opposite mode). The output can be configured as TERMINAL (TE) or NETWORK (NT) by jumpers (switching of wires – for software switch you have to use the configuration tool!). The settings of these jumpers HAVE TO match the PRI configuration – two NT and TE modes will cause malfunction of the PRI board or back–up connection* ! The board is designed on a 4–layer PCB of the size of 160x100mm. There are also 5 (or 8 in 2ISDN PRI) board status indicators, which are located on the front panel.

The PRI board contains four switches (can be deactivated by jumpers), which provide hardware connection between PRI 1 and PRI 2 in case the system is switched off or inoperative.

1. Board supply indication

Shining: Switched on

Flashing: Board in the sleep mode 2. Board supply indication

Shining: Switched on

Flashing: Board in the sleep mode

3. Status of ISDN layer 3 on PRI 1/2 interfaces

Shining: One or more calls are connected over selected interface Flashing: B–channel in restartLight off: No active call

4. Status of ISDN layer 2 on PRI 1 (2) interfaces:

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Shining: Layer 2 successfully established

Flashing: Layer 2 in the establishing process

Light off: Layer 2 disconnected

5. Status of ISDN layer 1 on PRI 1 (2) interfaces:

Shining: Layer 1 successfully established

Flashing: Layer 1 in the establishing process Light off: Layer 1 disconnected

6.Physical RJ45 connectors for ISDN PRI 1 and PRI 2 interfaces. Before you plug in your ISDN connection please check whether the wiring configuration matches the ISDN connection requirements!

Tip

The LED statuses provide basic information on the ISDN interface only. For details on the ISDN interface state refer to the configuration tool.

Configuration Jumpers

There are three configuration jumper blocks on the PRI board. JP2 and JP3 are used for hardware switching of the ISDN PRI connector into the TE / NT configuration. This

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operation means only swapping of the transmitting and receiving connector pairs, the interface configuration must be made using the configuration tool. With jumper JP4 you can activate/deactivate the back–up connection between PRI 1 and PRI 2 in case the system is switched off or the PRI board is not handled by system.

Warning

The back–up connection (JP4) works only in case the wire settings of PRI 1 (JP3) and PRI 2 (JP2) are set in the opposite way (e.g. PRI 1 as NT, PRI 2 as TE).

Note

Boards with just one PRI interface (1PRI boards) have the same settings as the PRI 1 interface on 2PRI boards. And there is no back–up connection (JP4) either.

Positions of Tx and Rx Wires

Example of Connection with 1ISDN PRI Board

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Example of Connection with 2ISDN PRI Board

Warning

The ISDN port mode (TE or NT) and synchronisation type (Master/Slave) must be different on the PBX (PSTN) and on the gateway. The TEI number must have the same value (default = 0).

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VoIP Board

Board Description

The VoIP board contains a digital signalling processor (DSP), 4x10/100BaseT Ethernet switch and a small carrier board with the licence chip. The main board is designed on a 6–layer PCB of the size of 160x100mm. Two board status LED indicators are located on the front panel. Configuration (e.g. used voice codecs, IP setting) is completely managed by the main CPU and made via a standard configuration tool. There is no fixed memory (EEPROM) for the VoIP card firmware. The firmware is saved on the basic CPU and uploaded to the VoIP card upon every VoIP card start / restart.

1. PWR – board supply indication

Shining: Switched on

Flashing: Board in the sleep mode 2. INIT – board initialisation indication

Shining for two minutes: Firmware uploading and configuration in progress

Continuous shining: Board initialisation failure

Light off: Board initialised successfully

3. Four RJ45 connectors of the internal 10/100BaseT Ethernet switch

The VoIP board is designed as a media gateway. It works only with media packets (RTP); signalling packets (SIP) must be routed to the basic CPU IP address.

Tip

You have to restart the VoIP card upon any VoIP configuration change.

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Caution

For a successful VoIP card initialisation, the VoIP board MAC address has to be filled in correctly and the basic CPU must be switched to the VoIP–SIP mode and contain the VoIP firmware file.

The integrated Ethernet will not work until the VoIP card has been initialised successfully.

Configuration Jumpers

There are no configuration jumpers on the VoIP card.

Example of Correct VoIP Interface Connection

2N® StarGate / BlueTower

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2.2 Antenna and Antenna Splitters

2N offers several antenna splitter and antenna models providing the best signal quality on all GSM / UMTS engines. All the systems are designed for all UMTS and GSM networks.

Antenna Splitter

The antenna splitter is designed for decreasing the number of antennas, antenna cables, outdoor antennas and roof mounting space. The antenna splitter is a passive unit suitable for GSM / UMTS gateways. The antenna splitter can be external (2N® StarGate) or internal (2N® BlueTower). Each splitter consists of one or more passive units, each of which has four / two inputs and one output.

Number of

Number of

Input–Output insertion

Unit

inputs

outputs

loss

high

32

2

<15 dB

2U

32

4

<11 dB

2U

32

8

<8 dB

2U

16

1

<15 dB

1U

16

2

<11 dB

1U

16

4

<8 dB

1U

12

3

<8dB

1U

 

Table: Standard External Antenna Splitter Configurations

 

Number of

Number of

Input–Output insertion

Unit

inputs

outputs

loss

high

4

1

<

3U

Table: Internal Antenna Splitters for 2N® BlueTower

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Parameters

Value

Note

Connector type

 

 

 

Input connector

SMA type, female

 

Output antenna connector

N type, female

 

RF parameters

 

 

 

Impedance

50

Ohm

 

Frequency

850 – 2100 MHz

 

Insertion loss

< 8, 11, 15 dB

According to configuration

Isolation between two channels

> 20 dB

 

Output overvoltage protection

 

 

 

Device type

Gas surge arrester

 

Protected voltage level

90

V

 

Peak current

10

KA

 

Insertion loss

0.2 dB

 

Table: Technical Parameters of Antenna Splitters

Splitter Examples

Figure: Internal Antenna Splitter for 2N® BlueTower

Figure: External Antenna Splitter for 2N®StarGate

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Directional Antenna

The high–gain directional YAGI antenna is suitable for outdoor and indoor use.

Type

CPY 9214

Number of elements

14

Frequency

824 – 896, 1770 – 2100 MHz

Gain

9.5 dB / 13 dB

Cable

RG 58, 10m

V.S.W.R

< 1.5 : 1

Connector

N type, female

Table: Basic Parameters of Directional Antenna

Figure: Directional Antenna

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Figure: Example of Correct Installation of Directional Antennas

Warning

The antenna has to be placed in accordance with the applicable overvoltage protection and grounding safety rules.

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Omni-Directional Antenna

The omni–directional antenna is suitable for outdoor use.

Type

KA 2290. 9214

Frequency

870 – 960, 1710 – 2170 MHz

Gain

3 dB

Polarization

Vertical

Radiation angle in E–plane

30°

Radiation angle in H–plane

omni–directional

V.S.W.R

< 1.7

Length

420 mm

Weight

0.6 kg

Connector

N female

Table: Basic Parameters of Antenna

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Discreet Antenna

The small omni–directional antenna is designed for indoor use and provides a good GSM / UMTS signal quality.

Type

Car antenna

Gain

2.5dB

Cable

Coax cable 174A (5 m)

Connector

SMA (male)

 

Table: Basic Parameters of Discreet Antenna

Figure: Discreet Antenna

Directional Antenna Connection Cable

2N offers you a special low-attenuation cable in variable lengths. The cable terminating connectors are of the N type.

Type

H1000 PE coax cable

Impedance

50Ω

Operating frequency

5 – 2150 MHz

Used connectors

N type (female)

Cable size

10.3mm

Operating temperature

–40°C to +80°C

Total weight

120g / m

Minimum installation temperature

–5°C

Minimum static bend radius

75mm

Attenuation at 860MHz

14.1dB / 100m

Attenuation at 1000MHz

15.3dB / 100m

Attenuation at 1750MHz

21.3dB / 100m

Attenuation at 2050MHz

23.4dB / 100m

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2.3 Gateway Rack Configuration

The 2N® StarGate / BlueTower gateways use different hardware rack types. For detailed information on the differences refer to the 1.2 System subsection All the systems can be distributed with a VoIP, ISDN or VoIP+ISDN interface. The main back bus located in the gateway hardware rack is pre–configured to a defined type of interface (VoIP, PRI and VoIP+ISDN). There are six jumpers on the main bus between the 3rd and 4th connector (from the right).The jumper lay-out shown below applies to all the connection types (VoIP, ISDN, VoIP+ISDN).

Keep the jumpers connected as shown below to make your system work properly.

There are three setting options:

1.ISDN: The gateway is configured to work with the ISDN PRI card only as shown in the figure below:

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2.VoIP: The gateway is configured to work with the VoIP card only as shown in the figure below:

3.VoIP+ISDN: The gateway is configured to work both with the VoIP and ISDN PRI cards.

Caution

Wrong jumper positions may cause malfunction of the whole system! Please make changes only if the system is powered off!

Note

The jumper settings are identical for all the gateway types (2N®

StarGate / BlueTower).

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2.4 Installation

Product Completeness Check

Before installing this product, check whether the delivery is complete according to the following packing list and read this manual thoroughly. The manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any damage incurred due to an incorrect use of this product in contradiction with this manual. The warranty terms do not cover damage to the product caused by rough handling, incorrect storage or exceeding the quoted technical parameters.

Item

 

Rack with AC power

Rack with DC power

 

supply

 

supply

 

 

 

 

 

Power cable 2.5m

 

1

 

 

Mounting set

 

1

 

1

 

Software CD

 

1

 

1

 

Twisted cable for

 

1

 

1

 

headset

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Headset for test calls

1

 

1

 

Serial 9F–9F cable

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

Table: Basic Packing List Items

 

Included device

1PRI

2PRI

VoIP

Basic CPU

Enhanced CPU

 

card

card

card

card

card

Ethernet cable

1

2

1

 

 

3m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethernet cable

 

 

 

1

2

0.6m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table: Additional Packing List Items

Tip

The packing lists are the same for all the gateway types (2N®

StarGate/ BlueTower).

Installation Conditions

The following conditions must be met during system installation:

Appropriate location (enough free space).

GSM / UMTS signal intensity (minimum recommended signal level: –80dB). You can use the NET monitor on a mobile phone (e.g. Nokia, Siemens) or the diagnostics screen in the configuration tool for measuring the GSM / UMTS signal intensity.

Unoverloadable GSM / UMTS cells to which the gateway modules are logged in; please keep in mind that up to 30 calls are set up at a time during full traffic (according to the gateway configuration).

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No strong electromagnetic radiation is allowed on the system installation site.

No strong electromagnetic reflections are allowed on the antenna installation site.

The ISDN PRI connection must be configured properly and meet the ITU–T Q.931–EDSS1 and related recommendations.

The VoIP – SIP signalling must meet the required RFCs.

Place the gateway into an environment that complies with the gateway working conditions (an air conditioned room or installation rack).

An appropriate (according to the power supply unit used) power feeding with overvoltage protection and an on–line UPS are recommended.

An Ethernet connection on the installation site is advisable for comfortable gateway administration.

All the SIM cards to be used must have the same PIN code (or deactivated PIN code) and be activated by the GSM / UMTS provider.

Warning

The outdoor antenna cable has to be connected according to the overvoltage protection and grounding safety rules.

High temperatures on the installation site may cause short–time or permanent gateway errors!

Warning

Do not cover the top, bottom and rear sides of the gateway to avoid overheating and gateway error!

Protection against humidity and extreme temperatures: The appliance may never be placed close to heat sources (radiators) or places exposed to direct sunshine. Also places with high humidity (such as bathrooms and cellars), places with significant temperature fluctuation (next to doors, windows), dusty places (workshops) and places exposed to aggressive gases (accumulator rooms, boiler rooms) as well as places with intensive vibrations and places exposed to shocks (compressor rooms, heavy industrial operations) should be avoided. The system should be installed horizontally.

VoIP Connection

All the gateway types have the same features. The only difference lies in the number of simultaneous calls through the VoIP card.

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