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Network

WAN SETTING

WAN Connection Type

There are several connection types to choose from: Static IP, DHCP, PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP, and Russia PPTP. If you are unsure of your connection method, please contact your Internet Service Provider. Static

Used when your ISP provides you a set IP address that does not change. The IP information is manually entered in your IP configuration settings. You must enter the IP address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, Primary DNS Server, and Secondary DNS Server. Your ISP provides you with all of this information.

DHCP

A method of connection where the ISP assigns your IP address when your router requests one from the ISP's server.

Host Name: Some ISP's may check your computer's Host Name. The Host Name identifies your system to the ISP's server.

PPPoE

Select this option if your ISP requires you to use a PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet) connection. DSL providers typically use this option. This method of connection requires you to enter a Username andPassword (provided by your Internet Service Provider) to gain access to the Internet.Reconnect Mode: Typically PPPoE connections are not always on. The router allows you to set the reconnection mode. The settings are:

Always on: A connection to the Internet is always maintained.On demand: A connection to the Internet is made as needed.

Manual: You have to open up theWeb-basedmanagement interface and click the Connect button manually any time that you wish to connect to the Internet.

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Maximum Idle Time: Time interval the machine can be idle before the PPPoE connection is disconnected. The Maximum Idle Time value is only used for the "On demand" and "Manual" reconnect modes.

L2TP

L2TP (Layer Two Tunneling Protocol) uses a virtual private network to connect to your ISP. This method of connection requires you to enter a Username and Password (provided by your Internet Service Provider) to gain access to the Internet.

L2TP Server IP Address: The ISP provides this parameter, if necessary. The value may be the same as the Gateway IP Address.

Reconnect Mode: Typically PPPoE connections are not always on. The router allows you to set the reconnection mode. The settings are:

Always on: A connection to the Internet is always maintained.On demand: A connection to the Internet is made as needed.

Manual: You have to open up theWeb-basedmanagement interface and click the Connect button manually any time that you wish to connect to the Internet.

Maximum Idle Time: Time interval the machine can be idle before the PPPoE connection is disconnected. The Maximum Idle Time value is only used for the "On demand" and "Manual" reconnect modes.

WAN Interface IP Type

Static: If your ISP has assigned a fixed IP address, select this option. The ISP provides the values for the following fields forWAN Interface IP Setting: IP Address, Subnet Mask , Default Gateway. Dynamic: If the ISP's servers assign the router's IP addressing upon establishing a connection, select this option.

PPTP

PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol) uses a virtual private network to connect to your ISP. This method of connection is primarily used in Europe. This method of connection requires you to enter a Username andPassword (provided by your Internet Service Provider) to gain access to the Internet.PPTP Server IP Address: The ISP provides this parameter, if necessary. The value may be the same as the Gateway IP Address.

Reconnect Mode: Typically PPPoE connections are not always on. The router allows you to set the reconnection mode. The settings are:

Always on: A connection to the Internet is always maintained.On demand: A connection to the Internet is made as needed.

Manual: You have to open up theWeb-basedmanagement interface and click the Connect button manually any time that you wish to connect to the Internet.

Maximum Idle Time: Time interval the machine can be idle before the PPPoE connection is disconnected. The Maximum Idle Time value is only used for the "On demand" and "Manual" reconnect modes.

WAN Interface IP Type

Static: If your ISP has assigned a fixed IP address, select this option. The ISP provides the values for the following fields forWAN Interface IP Setting: IP Address, Subnet Mask , Default Gateway, and optional forDNS Server

Dynamic: If the ISP's servers assign the router's IP addressing upon establishing a connection, select this option.

Russia PPTP

The Russia PPTP can configure IP address on the WAN interface and establish PPTP to get IP address, subnet mask, default gateway and DNS for ANOTHER logical IP interface on WAN port. So the physical WAN port will have 2 logical IP interfaces and can communicate with internal ISP’s network resources and also communicate with Internet through PPTP tunnel. It is specified by Russia Cobrina ISP, user can configure it the same as the normal PPTP and PPTP server IP Address can use the domain name string.

WAN MTU Setting

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The Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) is a parameter that determines the largest packet size (in bytes) that the router will send to the WAN. If LAN devices send larger packets, the router will break them into smaller packets. Ideally, you should set this to match the MTU of the connection to your ISP. Typical values are 1500 bytes for an Ethernet connection and 1492 bytes for a PPPoE connection. If the router's MTU is set too high, packets will be fragmented downstream. If the router's MTU is set too low, the router will fragment packets unnecessarily and in extreme cases may be unable to establish some connections. In either case, network performance can suffer. t modes.

MAC Address Clone

Each networking device has it's own unique MAC address defined by the hardware manufacturer. Some ISP's may check your computer's MAC address. Some ISP's record the MAC address of the network adapter in the computer or router used to initially connect to their service. The ISP will then only grant Internet access to requests from a computer or router with this particular MAC address.

This router has a different MAC address than the computer or router that initially connected to the ISP. If you need to change the MAC address of the rounter's WAN-sideEthernet interface, either type in an alternate MAC address (for example, the MAC address of the router initially connected to the ISP) or copy the MAC address of a PC. To copy the MAC address of the computer that initially connected to the ISP, connect to the router using that computer and click theClone Your PC's MAC Address button. The WAN interface will then use the MAC address of the network adapter in your computer.

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LAN SETTING

IP Address

The IP address of the this device on the local area network. Assign any unused IP address in the range of IP addresses available for the LAN.

Subnet Mask

The subnet mask of the local area network.

DHCP Server Settings

DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The DHCP section is where you configure the built-inDHCP Server to assign IP addresses to the computers and other devices on your local area network (LAN).

Enable DHCP Server

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Once your router is properly configured and this option is enabled, the DHCP Server will manage the IP addresses and other network configuration information for computers and other devices connected to your Local Area Network. There is no need for you to do this yourself.

The computers (and other devices) connected to your LAN also need to have their TCP/IP configuration set to "DHCP" or "Obtain an IP address automatically". When you set Enable DHCP Server, the following options are displayed.

DHCP IP Address Range

These two IP values (Start and End) define a range of IP addresses that the DHCP Server uses when assigning addresses to computers and devices on your Local Area Network. Any addresses that are outside of this range are not managed by the DHCP Server; these could, therefore, be used for manually configured devices or devices that cannot use DHCP to obtain network address details automatically.

It is possible for a computer or device that is manually configured to have an address that does reside within this range. In this case the address should be reserved, so that the DHCP Server knows that this specific address can only be used by a specific computer or device.

Your router, by default, has a static IP address of 192.168.10.1. This means that addresses 192.168.10.2 to 192.168.10.254 can be made available for allocation by the DHCP Server.

Subnet Mask

The subnet mask of the local area network.

Gateway

The IP address of the router on the local area network. For example, 192.168.10.1.

DHCP Lease Time

The amount of time that a computer may have an IP address before it is required to renew the lease. The lease functions just as a lease on an apartment would. The initial lease designates the amount of time before the lease expires. If the tenant wishes to retain the address when the lease is expired then a new lease is established. If the lease expires and the address is no longer needed than another tenant may use the address.

Add/Edit DHCP Reservation

This option lets you reserve IP addresses, and assign the same IP address to the network device with the specified MAC address any time it requests an IP address. This is almost the same as when a device has a static IP address except that the device must still request an IP address from the router. The router will provide the device the same IP address every time. DHCP Reservations are helpful for server computers on the local network that are hosting applications such as Web and FTP. Servers on your network should either use a static IP address or use this option.

Computer Name

You can assign a name for each computer that is given a reserved IP address. This may help you keep track of which computers are assigned this way. Example: Game Server.

IP Address:

The LAN address that you want to reserve.

MAC Address

To input the MAC address of your system, enter it in manually or connect to the router's Web-Managementinterface from the system and click theCopy Your PC's MAC Address button.

A MAC address is usually located on a sticker on the bottom of a network device. The MAC address is comprised of twelve digits. Each pair of hexadecimal digits are usually separated by dashes or colons such as 00-0D-88-11-22-33or 00:0D:88:11:22:33. If your network device is a computer and the network card is already located inside the computer, you can connect to the router from the computer and click theCopy Your PC's MAC Address button to enter the MAC address.

Clear

Re-initializethis area of the screen, discarding any changes you have made.

DHCP Reservations List

This shows clients that you have specified to reserve DHCP addresses. Click the Enable checkbox at the left to directly activate or de-activatethe entry. An entry can be changed by clicking the Edit icon or

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