Texas Instruments MC-780PIx User Manual

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MC-780PIxCCD Camera

User's Guide

SOCU006

July 1998

Printed on Recycled Paper

IMPORTANT NOTICE

Texas Instruments and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make changes to their products or to discontinue any product or service without notice, and advise customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information to verify, before placing orders, that information being relied on is current and complete. All products are sold subject to the terms and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgement, including those pertaining to warranty, patent infringement, and limitation of liability.

TI warrants performance of its semiconductor products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with TI's standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are utilized to the extent TI deems necessary to support this warranty. Specific testing of all parameters of each device is not necessarily performed, except those mandated by government requirements.

CERTAIN APPLICATIONS USING SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS MAY INVOLVE POTENTIAL RISKS OF DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE (ªCRITICAL APPLICATIONSº). TI SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, AUTHORIZED, OR WARRANTED TO BE SUITABLE FOR USE IN LIFE-SUPPORTDEVICES OR SYSTEMS OR OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. INCLUSION OF TI PRODUCTS IN SUCH APPLICATIONS IS UNDERSTOOD TO BE FULLY AT THE CUSTOMER'S RISK.

In order to minimize risks associated with the customer's applications, adequate design and operating safeguards must be provided by the customer to minimize inherent or procedural hazards.

TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. TI does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any patent right, copyright, mask work right, or other intellectual property right of TI covering or relating to any combination, machine, or process in which such semiconductor products or services might be or are used. TI's publication of information regarding any third party's products or services does not constitute TI's approval, warranty or endorsement thereof.

Copyright 1998, Texas Instruments Incorporated

Information About Cautions and Warnings

Preface

Read This First

About This Manual

This User's Guide describes the characteristics and operation of the MC-780PIAandMC-780PIHCCD Video Camera Modules.

How to Use This Manual

Use this manual for technical data, operating characteristics, and general familiarization with the products before, during, and after installation.

Information About Cautions and Warnings

This book may contain cautions and warnings.

This is an example of a caution statement.

A caution statement describes a situation that could potentially damage your software or equipment.

This is an example of a warning statement.

A warning statement describes a situation that could potentially cause harm to you.

The information in a caution or a warning is provided for your protection. Please read each caution and warning carefully.

Read This First

iii

If You Need Assistance

If You Need Assistance . . .

If you want to . . .

Contact Texas Instruments at . . .

Visit TI online

World Wide Web:

http://www.ti.com

 

 

 

Receive general information

World Wide Web:

http://www.ti.com/sc/docs/pic/home.htm

or assistance

North America, South America:

(214) 644±5580

 

 

 

 

Europe, Middle East, Africa

 

 

 

Dutch:

33±1±3070±1166

 

 

English:

33±1±3070±1165

 

 

French:

33±1±3070±1164

 

 

Italian:

33±1±3070±1167

 

 

German:

33±1±3070±1168

 

 

Japan (Japanese or English)

 

 

 

Domestic toll-free:

0120±81±0026

 

 

International:

81±3±3457±0972 or

 

 

 

81±3±3457±0976

 

 

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Taiwan (Chinese or English):

886±2±3771450

 

 

 

Ask questions about Digital

 

(713) 274±2320

Signal

Processor (DSP)

Fax:

(713) 274±2324

product operation or report

Fax Europe:

+33±1±3070±1032

suspected problems

Email:

dsph@ti.com

 

 

World Wide Web:

http://www.ti.com/dsps

 

 

BBS North America:

(713) 274±2323 8±N±1

 

 

BBS Europe:

+44±2±3422±3248

 

 

320 BBS Online:

ftp.ti.com:/mirrors/tms320bbs

 

 

 

(192.94.94.53)

 

 

 

Ask questions about micro-

 

(713) 274±2370

controller product operation

Fax:

(713) 274±4203

or report suspected prob-

Email:

*H370@msg.ti.com

lems

 

World Wide Web:

http://www.ti.com/sc/micro

 

 

BBS:

(713) 274±3700 8±N±1

 

 

 

Request tool updates

Software:

(214) 638±0333

 

 

Software fax:

(214) 638±7742

 

 

Hardware:

(713) 274±2285

 

 

 

 

Order

Texas Instruments

Literature Response Center:

(800) 477±8924

documentation (see Note 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Make suggestions about or report errors in documentation (see Note 2)

Email: comments@books.sc.ti.com

Mail: Texas Instruments Incorporated

Technical Publications Manager, MS 702

P.O. Box 1443

Houston, Texas 77251±1443

Notes: 1) The literature number for the book is required; see thelower-rightcorner on the back cover.

2)Please mention the full title of the book, the literature number from the lower-rightcorner of the back cover, and the publication date from the spine or front cover.

iv

Running TitleÐAttribute Reference

Contents

1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1

1.1

Main Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

 

1.1.1

High Image Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

 

1.1.2

Mode Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

 

1.1.3

External Sync . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

 

1.1.4 Output of Internal Synchronizing Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

 

1.1.5

Electronic Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-2

1.2

Other Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-3

2 Nomenclature and Use of Each Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-1

2.1

Mounting System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2

 

2.1.1

Focus Ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2

 

2.1.2

Mounting Holes A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2

 

2.1.3

Mounting Hole B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2

 

2.1.4

Mounting Holes C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2

2.2

Rear Panel Switches and Terminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3

 

2.2.1 Shutter Speed Control Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3

 

2.2.2 External Synchronization Terminal Resistance Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-4

 

2.2.3

Mode Switches SW3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-4

 

2.2.4 Gain Mode Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

 

2.2.5 Gain Variable Volume Control VR1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

 

2.2.6

DC IN Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6

 

2.2.7

LENS Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6

 

2.2.8

DC IN/SYNC Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6

2.3

Internal Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-8

 

2.3.1 SYNC Signal (HD/VD) Input/Output Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-8

 

2.3.2 Option Output Switch S1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-9

 

2.3.3

Gamma Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-9

 

2.3.4 AC/DC Output Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

 

2.3.5 Outline Emphasis Circuit ON/OFF Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

3 Using the External SYNC Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-1

3.1

External Sync With Interlace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-2

 

3.1.1 External Sync Signal Input Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-2

3.2

External Sync With No Interlace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-3

 

3.2.1 External Sync Signal Input Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-3

4 Using the Shutter Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-1

4.1

Continuous Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-2

Chapter TitleÐAttribute Reference

v

Contents

4.2 Random Shutter (Fixed V Sync) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34.3 Random Shutter (V Sync Reset) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-44.4 VI Mode Shutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-54.5 Precautionary Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6

5

Initial Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-1

 

5.1

Modes and Initial Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-2

6

Precautions for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-1

 

6.1

Precautions for Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-2

 

 

6.1.1

Power Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-2

 

 

6.1.2

Heat Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-2

 

 

6.1.3 Locations for Use and Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-2

 

6.2

Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-3

7

Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-1

 

7.1

Image System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-2

 

7.2

Optical Elements and Other Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-3

8

Exterior Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-1

 

8.1

Exterior Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-2

9

Other Issues

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9-1

 

9.1

Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9-2

vi

Illustrations

Figures

2±1 Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32±2 External Synchronization Terminal Resistance Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-42±3 Gain Mode Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-52±4 Gain Variable Volume Control VR1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-52±5 Internal Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-82±6 SYNC Signal (HD/VD) Input/Output Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-92±7 Option Output Switch S1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-92±8 Gamma Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-92±9 AC/DC Output Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-102±10 Outline Emphasis Circuit ON/OFF Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-103±1 External Sync Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-23±2 External Sync With No Interlace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-34±1 Continuous ShutterSpeed-ControlTiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-24±2 Random Shutter Control Timing (Fixed V Sync) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-34±3 Random Shutter Control Timing (V Sync Reset) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-44±4 VI Mode Shutter Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-54±5 Exposure and Transfer Period Conflict With Readout Period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-68±1 Exterior Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3

Contents vii

Tables

Tables

2±1

Shutter Speed Control Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-3

2±2

External Synchronization Terminal Resistance Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-4

2±3

Mode Switches SW3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-4

2±4

Shutter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

2±5

Gain Mode Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-5

2±6

LENS Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-6

2±7

DC IN/SYNC Terminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-7

2±8

SYNC Signal (HD/VD) Input/Output Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-8

2±9

Option Output Switch S1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-9

2±10

Gamma Switch SW1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-9

2±11

AC/DC Output Switch SW4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

2±12

Outline Emphasis Circuit ON/OFF Switch SW2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-10

4±1

Line Corresponding to Shutter Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-6

5±1

Modes and Initial Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-3

7±1

MC±780PIA Image System Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7±2

7±2

MC±780PIH Image System Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7±2

7±3

Optical Elements and Other Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7±3

viii

Chapter 1

Overview

This User's Guide describes the operation and characteristics of the MC-780PIAand MC780PIH video cameras. This chapter gives an overview of the cameras and their features. Please read and keep this document as a reference.

Topic

 

Page

 

 

 

1.1

Main Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 1-2

1.6

Other Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 1-3

 

 

 

Overview 1-1

Main Features

1.1 Main Features

The MC-780PIAandMC-780PIHareblack-and-whitevideo cameras that usefixed-sensorcharge-coupleddevices (CCDs). The following paragraphs describe some of the main features of the cameras.

1.1.1High Image Quality

With 380,000 image-sensingelements, the CCDs reproduce very detailed images.

1.1.2Mode Settings

Several modes can be selected depending on the intended use. For example, using external switches for gain, it is possible to select A (auto adjust), F (fixed), or M (manual adjust); using the internal switches for γ [gamma] characterisitcs, it is possible to select ON (corrected:γ = 0.45) and OFF (uncorrected:

γ= 1).

1.1.3External Sync

The camera module can be operated with external sync by inputting HD and VD signals. Internal or external sync can be selected with the mode switches.

1.1.4Output of Internal Synchronizing Signals

HD and VD signals can be output by switching their internal switches. Pixel clock signals and shutter monitor signals can also be selected and output.

1.1.5Electronic Shutter

A shutter speed can be selected from 1/500 to 1/8000 second to match sensing conditions. It is possible to select continuous shutter, random shutter, or optional time shutter.

1-2

Overview