Quantum 6-00360-15 User Manual

Size:
2.82 Mb
Download

Installation Guide Installation Guide Installation GuideInstallation Guide

StorNext® 3.1.3

StorNext

6-00360-15

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide, 6-00360-15Rev B, September 2009, Made in USA.

Quantum Corporation provides this publication “as is” without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Quantum Corporation may revise this publication from time to time without notice.

COPYRIGHT STATEMENT

© Copyright 2000 - 2009 Quantum Corporation. All rights reserved.

US Patent No: 5,990,810 applies. Other Patents pending in the US and/or other countries.

StorNext is either a trademark or registered trademark of Quantum Corporation in the US and/or other countries.

Your right to copy this manual is limited by copyright law. Making copies or adaptations without prior written authorization of Quantum Corporation is prohibited by law and constitutes a punishable violation of the law.

TRADEMARK STATEMENT

ADIC, Quantum, DLT, DLTtape, the Quantum logo, and the DLTtape logo are all registered trademarks of Quantum Corporation. SDLT and Super DLTtape are trademarks of Quantum Corporation.

Other trademarks may be mentioned herein which belong to other companies.

Contents

Chapter 1

Installing StorNext File System and Storage Manager

1

 

Storage Manager System Requirements.........................................................

2

 

Operating System Requirements..............................................................

2

 

Hardware Requirements ...........................................................................

2

 

LAN Requirements.....................................................................................

4

 

Getting Ready to Install ....................................................................................

5

 

Configuring Storage Devices ....................................................................

5

 

Planning for LUNs Larger than 1 TB .......................................................

5

 

Installing the Linux Kernel Source Code ................................................

7

 

Verifying Hostname Length......................................................................

7

 

Pre-Installation Script........................................................................................

8

 

Before You Begin.........................................................................................

8

 

Running snPreInstall..................................................................................

9

 

Interpreting snPreInstall Output............................................................

10

 

StorNext Installation Script ............................................................................

12

 

Launching the StorNext Installation Script...........................................

12

 

Changing Installation Configuration Options......................................

14

 

Performing an Installation Operation....................................................

17

Chapter 2

Installing StorNext File System

18

 

File System Requirements...............................................................................

19

 

Operating System Requirements............................................................

19

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

iii

 

 

Contents

 

Hardware Requirements .........................................................................

20

 

LAN Requirements...................................................................................

20

 

Getting Ready to Install ..................................................................................

21

 

Configuring Storage Devices ..................................................................

21

 

Planning for LUNs Larger than 1 TB .....................................................

22

 

Installing the Linux Kernel Source Code ..............................................

23

 

Installing StorNext File System on Linux or Unix ......................................

24

 

Launching the SNFS Installation Script.................................................

24

 

Changing Installation Configuration Options......................................

25

 

Performing an Installation Operation....................................................

26

 

Installing StorNext File System on Windows ..............................................

27

 

Removing a Previous Version of StorNext ...........................................

28

 

Running the Setup Wizard......................................................................

29

 

Restoring a Previous Client Configuration...........................................

33

Chapter 3

Installing the StorNext Client

36

 

Client System Requirements ..........................................................................

37

 

Operating System Requirements............................................................

37

 

Hardware Requirements .........................................................................

38

 

Downloading the StorNext Client Software ................................................

39

 

Installing the StorNext Client on Linux or Unix .........................................

42

 

Installing the StorNext Client on Linux.................................................

42

 

Installing the StorNext Client on Sun Solaris .......................................

44

 

Installing the StorNext Client on HP-UX ..............................................

46

 

Installing the StorNext Client on IBM AIX ...........................................

47

 

Installing the StorNext Client on SGI IRIX ...........................................

49

 

Installing the StorNext Client on Windows .................................................

51

 

Removing a Previous Version of StorNext ...........................................

51

 

Running the Setup Wizard......................................................................

52

 

Restoring a Previous Client Configuration...........................................

56

Chapter 4

Configuring StorNext

59

 

StorNext GUI ....................................................................................................

60

 

Accessing the StorNext GUI....................................................................

60

 

Configuration Wizard .....................................................................................

62

 

Displaying the Configuration Wizard ...................................................

63

 

Using the Configuration Wizard............................................................

63

 

Configuring a Distributed LAN Client Server ............................................

67

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

iv

 

 

Contents

 

Configuring a Distributed LAN Client on Linux.................................

68

 

Configuring a Distributed LAN Server on Linux ................................

68

 

Windows Configuration Utilities ..................................................................

72

 

Client Configuration.................................................................................

73

 

Disk Device Labeler..................................................................................

83

 

License Identifier.......................................................................................

86

 

Simple File System Configuration..........................................................

86

 

Start File System Services ........................................................................

88

 

Stop and Remove File System Services .................................................

88

 

Stop File System Services.........................................................................

88

 

Version Information .................................................................................

88

 

Check (Read-Only) a File System ...........................................................

89

 

File System Startup List ...........................................................................

89

 

Re-initialize a File System........................................................................

91

 

Repair a File System .................................................................................

91

 

Server Administration..............................................................................

91

 

Server Configuration................................................................................

97

Appendix A

Uninstalling StorNext

108

 

Uninstalling StorNext on Unix and Linux .................................................

108

 

Uninstalling SNSM and SNFS ..............................................................

109

 

Uninstalling the StorNext Client Software .........................................

110

 

Uninstalling StorNext on Windows ............................................................

111

Appendix B

StorNext Administration Tasks

112

 

Sharing a Library Between Applications....................................................

112

 

Manually Modifying Storage Manager Configuration ............................

114

 

fs_sysparm_override Configuration File.............................................

114

 

filesize.config Configuration File .........................................................

115

 

log_params Configuration File.............................................................

115

 

Connecting to a StorNext Network Using Xsan 1.4.2...............................

116

 

Mounting SNFS on the OSx Computer ...............................................

116

 

Creating the automount.plist File ........................................................

118

 

Connecting to a StorNext Network Using Xsan 2.....................................

119

 

Mounting SNFS on the Mac OS X Computer .....................................

119

 

Viewing a Fibre Channel Device .................................................................

122

 

StorNext Log Rolling Administration.........................................................

123

 

Changing Log Rolling Times ................................................................

123

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

v

 

 

Contents

 

Log Rolling Options ...............................................................................

123

 

Avoiding Poor System Performance...........................................................

124

Appendix C

StorNext Files

125

 

The example.cfg File......................................................................................

125

 

Commonly Used SNFS Files ........................................................................

132

Appendix D

Quality of Service Guide

135

 

Overview.........................................................................................................

136

 

Active vs. Passive....................................................................................

136

 

Supported Platforms ..............................................................................

136

 

Configuration .................................................................................................

137

 

Unit of I/O...............................................................................................

137

 

Converting MB/sec to I/O/sec............................................................

137

 

Real-time I/O..................................................................................................

142

 

SetRtio.......................................................................................................

143

 

Oversubscription ....................................................................................

143

 

Handles ....................................................................................................

143

 

Ungated files............................................................................................

144

 

Calculating Available RTIO ..................................................................

145

 

Callbacks .........................................................................................................

145

 

Callback Failures.....................................................................................

147

 

Tokens ......................................................................................................

148

 

Failure Semantics....................................................................................

149

 

FSM Failures ............................................................................................

150

 

Client Failures .........................................................................................

150

 

Client Token Releases ............................................................................

151

 

Monitoring ......................................................................................................

151

 

Sharing Disk Resources.................................................................................

152

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

vi

Figures

Figure 1

Pre-Installation Script ................................................................

10

Figure 2

StorNext Installation Script.......................................................

13

Figure 3

Configuration Menu ..................................................................

15

Figure 4

StorNext Installation Status ......................................................

17

Figure 5

SNFS Installation Script.............................................................

25

Figure 6

Configuration Menu ..................................................................

26

Figure 7

StorNext Installation Status ......................................................

27

Figure 8

StorNext Installation Window: Remove StorNext ................

28

Figure 9

StorNext Installation Window: Install StorNext....................

29

Figure 10

SNFS Setup: Welcome ...............................................................

30

Figure 11

SNFS Setup: End-User License Agreement ............................

30

Figure 12

SNFS Setup: Customer Information ........................................

31

Figure 13

SNFS Setup: Choose Setup Type..............................................

31

Figure 14

SNFS Setup: Ready to Install ....................................................

32

Figure 15

SNFS Setup: Finish .....................................................................

32

Figure 16

StorNext Installation Window: Configure StorNext.............

33

Figure 17

StorNext Configuration Window.............................................

34

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

vii

 

Figures

Figure 18

Import/Export Client Configuration Window......................

35

Figure 19

Select Platform Window............................................................

40

Figure 20

Download Client Software Window .......................................

41

Figure 21

StorNext Installation Window: Remove StorNext ................

52

Figure 22

StorNext Installation Window: Install StorNext....................

53

Figure 23

SNFS Setup: Welcome ...............................................................

53

Figure 24

SNFS Setup: End-User License Agreement ............................

54

Figure 25

SNFS Setup: Customer Information ........................................

54

Figure 26

SNFS Setup: Choose Setup Type..............................................

55

Figure 27

SNFS Setup: Ready to Install ....................................................

55

Figure 28

SNFS Setup: Finish .....................................................................

56

Figure 29

StorNext Installation Window: Configure StorNext.............

57

Figure 30

StorNext Configuration Window.............................................

57

Figure 31

Import/Export Client Configuration Window......................

58

Figure 32

StorNext Home Page: File System and Storage Manager ....

61

Figure 33

StorNext Home Page: File System Only .................................

61

Figure 34

StorNext Configuration Wizard: Storage Manager...............

62

Figure 35

StorNext Configuration Wizard: File System Only...............

63

Figure 36

sndpscfg Configuration Utility ................................................

69

Figure 37

Client Configuration: Drive Mappings ...................................

74

Figure 38

Client Configuration: FS Name Servers..................................

76

Figure 39

Client Configuration: Authentication .....................................

77

Figure 40

Client Configuration: Mount Options.....................................

79

Figure 41

Client Configuration: Syslog Level..........................................

80

Figure 42

Client Configuration: Cache Parameters ................................

81

Figure 43

Client Configuration: Distributed LAN..................................

82

Figure 44

Disk Device Labeler ...................................................................

84

Figure 45

Disk Labeler Dialog Box............................................................

85

Figure 46

Simple File System Configuration ...........................................

87

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

viii

 

 

Figures

Figure 47 File System Startup List.............................................................

90

Figure 48

Server Administration ...............................................................

92

Figure 49 Server Administration: File System Properties......................

93

Figure 50 Server Administration: Stripe Group Properties...................

94

Figure 51 Server Administration: Quota Properties ...............................

96

Figure 52

Configuration Administrator ...................................................

98

Figure 53 Server Configuration: Global Settings.....................................

99

Figure 54 Server Configuration: Disk Types..........................................

102

Figure 55 Server Configuration: Enter New Disk Type .......................

103

Figure 56 Server Configuration: Disk Definitions.................................

104

Figure 57 Server Configuration: Stripe Groups.....................................

105

Figure 58 StorNext Remove Main Menu................................................

110

Figure 59 Sharing Access to Files.............................................................

144

Figure 60 Callback Flow for Initial RTIO Request ................................

146

Figure 61

Callback Retraction Example..................................................

147

Figure 62

Non-Real-time Token Adjustments.......................................

149

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

ix

Tables

Table 1

Storage Manager Supported Platforms....................................

2

Table 2

Storage Manager Hardware Requirements..............................

3

Table 3

Required Disk LUN Labels .........................................................

6

Table 4

StorNext Support Directories .....................................................

8

Table 5

Pre-Installation Script Recommendation Types ....................

11

Table 6

StorNext Installation Main Menu Options .............................

14

Table 7

File System Supported Platforms............................................

19

Table 8

File System Hardware Requirements......................................

20

Table 9

Required Disk LUN Labels .......................................................

22

Table 10

SNFS Installation Main Menu Options ...................................

25

Table 11

StorNext Client Supported Platforms ....................................

37

Table 12

Distributed LAN Server Parameters .......................................

70

Table 13

Distributed LAN Client and Server Commands ...................

71

Table 14

Client Configuration: Drive Mappings ...................................

74

Table 15

Client Configuration: FS Name Servers..................................

76

Table 16

Client Configuration: Authentication .....................................

77

Table 17

Client Configuration: Distributed LAN..................................

82

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

x

 

 

Tables

Table 18

Disk Labeler Dialog Box............................................................

85

Table 19

Simple File System Configuration ...........................................

87

Table 20

File System Startup List.............................................................

90

Table 21

Server Administration: File System Properties......................

93

Table 22

Server Administration: Stripe Group Properties...................

95

Table 23

Server Administration: Quota Properties ...............................

96

Table 24

Server Configuration: Global Settings.....................................

99

Table 25

Server Configuration: Enter New Disk Type .......................

103

Table 26

Server Configuration: Disk Definitions.................................

104

Table 27

Server Configuration: Stripe Groups.....................................

106

Table 28

QOS Configuration Keywords ...............................................

138

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xi

Preface

StorNext provides high performance data sharing and intelligent archiving that is compatible with an industry-leadingrange of operating systems, server platforms, and storage devices.

StorNext includes two main components:

StorNext File System (SNFS) is high performance data sharing software that lets applications on multiple operating systems access a single data set.

StorNext Storage Manger (SNSM) is an intelligent, policy-baseddata mover that automatically moves and locates data across multiple storage tiers.

You can choose to install both StorNext File System and Storage Manager, or install StorNext File System only. In addition, StorNext includes client software that allows client systems to mount and work with StorNext file systems.

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xii

Preface

Audience

Audience

This document is intended for service professionals and system administrators who install StorNext software. The installer should have strong familiarity with the operating system on which StorNext is installed.

Only service professionals, experienced StorNext users, or individuals who have successfully completed StorNext training should configure StorNext. Attempting to configure StorNext without proper experience or training can affect system performance and may result in data loss.

Purpose

This document provides information about installing and configuring

StorNext. The following topics are covered:

System requirements

Pre-installationtasks

Installation

Configuration

Uninstalling StorNext

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xiii

Preface

Document Organization

Document Organization

This document contains the following chapters:

Chapter 1, “Installing StorNext File System and Storage Manager,” provides system requirements,pre-installationinformation, and instructions for installing StorNext File System and Storage Manger on a metadata controller (MDC).

Chapter 2, “Installing StorNext File System,” provides system requirements,pre-installationinformation, and instructions for installing StorNext File System (without Storage Manager) on a metadata controller (MDC).

Chapter 3, “Installing the StorNext Client,” provides system requirements,pre-installationinformation, and instructions for installing the StorNext client software.

Chapter 4, “Configuring StorNext,” describes how to use the StorNext configuration wizard and the Windows configuration utilities to create a basic StorNext configuration, and how to configure a distributed LAN client or server.

Appendix A, “Uninstalling StorNext,” describes how to remove StorNext software from a server or client system.

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xiv

Preface

Notational Conventions

Notational Conventions

This manual uses the following conventions:

Convention

Example

 

 

User input is shown in Arial regular

./install.stornext

font.

 

 

 

User input variables are enclosed in

mkdir -p <mount point>

angle brackets and are shown in

 

Arial italic font.

 

 

 

For UNIX and Linux commands, the

./install.stornext

command prompt is implied.

is the same as

 

# ./install.stornext

 

 

File and directory names, menu

/stornext/snfs1

commands, button names, and

 

window names are shown in Arial

 

bold font.

 

 

 

Menu names separated by arrows

Admin > Download Client

indicate a sequence of menus to be

Software

navigated.

 

 

 

The following formats indicate important information:

Note: Notes emphasize important information related to the main topic.

Tech Tip: Tech Tips provide technical information which may be helpful in performing the procedure.

Caution: Cautions indicate potential hazards to equipment and are included to prevent damage to equipment.

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xv

Preface

Related Documents

Warning: Warnings indicate potential hazards to personal safety and are included to prevent injury.

Related Documents

Documents related to StorNext are shown below:

Quantum StorNext Documentation

Document No.

Document Title

Document Description

 

 

 

6-01658-06

StorNext User’s Guide

Provides in-depth

 

 

information about using

 

 

StorNext to create and

 

 

manage StorNext File

 

 

Systems.

 

 

 

6-01376-10

StorNext File System

Provides information for

 

Tuning Guide

maximizing file system

 

 

performance.

 

 

 

6-01620-09

StorNext Upgrade

Provides procedures for

 

Guide

upgrading from earlier

 

 

versions of StorNext.

 

 

 

6-01688-06

StorNext CLI Reference

Provides procedures for

 

Guide

performing common tasks

 

 

using the command line

 

 

interface.

 

 

 

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xvi

 

 

Preface

 

 

Contacting Quantum

 

 

 

Document No.

Document Title

Document Description

 

 

 

6-01564-02

AMASS Conversion

Provides information about

 

Guide

migrating systems running

 

 

AMASS to StorNext.

 

 

 

6-00431-23

StorNext 3.1.3 Release

Includes the latest product

 

Notes

information, fixes, and

 

 

issues.

 

 

 

Contacting Quantum

More information about this product is available on the Quantum Service and Support website at www.quantum.com/ServiceandSupport. The Quantum Service and Support website contains a collection of information, including answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs). You can also access software, firmware, and drivers through this site.

To request a software upgrade, visit www.quantum.com/ ServiceandSupport/Upgrade/Index.aspx. For further assistance, or if training is desired, contact Quantum Global Services:

North America

+1 800-284-5101Option 5

 

 

EMEA

00800 9999 3822

 

 

Online Service and

www.quantum.com/OSR

Support

 

 

 

World Wide Web

www.quantum.com/ServiceandSupport

 

 

(Local numbers for specific countries are listed on the Quantum Service and Support Website.)

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

xvii

Chapter 1

1Installing StorNext File System

and Storage Manager

This chapter describes how to install StorNext File System (SNFS) and StorNext Storage Manager (SNSM) on a metadata controller (MDC). Install both SNFS and SNSM for storage systems that require policybased data movement (for example, systems that include tape drives or libraries).

To ensure successful operation, do the following tasks before installing StorNext:

Make sure the MDC meets all operating system and hardware requirements (see Storage Manager System Requirements).

Make sure all storage devices are correctly configured and are visible to the MDC (see Getting Ready to Install on page 5)

(Optional) Run the pre-installationscript to check for available disk space and view recommended locations for support directories (seePre-Installation Script on page 8).

When you are ready to install StorNext File System and Storage Manager on the MDC, run the installation script (see StorNext Installation Script on page 12).

Note: To install only StorNext File System (without Storage Manager), seeChapter 2, “Installing StorNext File System.” To install the StorNext client software, seeChapter 3, “Installing the StorNext Client.”

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

1

Chapter 1 Installing StorNext File System and Storage Manager

Storage Manager System Requirements

Storage Manager System Requirements

Operating System

Requirements

To run StorNext File System and Storage Manager, the metadata controller must meet all operating system, hardware, and LAN requirements.

The operating systems, kernel versions, and hardware platforms supported by StorNext SNFS and SNSM are presented in Table 1. Make sure the MDC uses a supported operating system and platform, and if necessary update to a supported kernel version before installing StorNext.

Table 1 Storage Manager

Supported Platforms

Hardware Requirements

Operating System

Kernel

Platform

 

 

 

Red Hat Enterprise

2.6.9-55.EL(Update 5)

x86 32-bit

Linux 4

2.6.9-67.EL(Update 6)

x86 64-bit

 

Itanium 64-bit

 

2.6.9-78.EL(Update 7)

 

 

 

 

 

Red Hat Enterprise

2.6.18-53.EL(Update 1)

x86 64-bit

Linux 5

2.6.18-92.EL(Update 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUSE Linux Enterprise

2.6.16.21-0.8

x86 32-bit

Server 10

2.6.16-46-0.12(SP1)

x86 64-bit

 

Itanium 64-bit

 

2.6.16-60-0.27(SP2)

 

 

 

 

 

Sun Solaris 10

Generic 120011-14

SPARC 64-bit

 

 

 

The minimum amount of RAM and available hard disk space required to run StorNext SNFS and SNSM are presented in Table 2. Because support files (such as database and journal files) are stored on the MDC, the amount of local disk space that is required increases with the number of data files stored on StorNext file systems.

If necessary, upgrade the RAM and local disk storage in the MDC to meet the minimum requirements before installing StorNext.

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

2

Table 2 Storage Manager

Hardware Requirements

Chapter 1 Installing StorNext File System and Storage Manager Storage Manager System Requirements

Note: The RAM requirements inTable 2 are for running StorNext File System and Storage Manager only. Running additional software (including the StorNext client software) requires additional RAM.

File Systems

RAM

Disk Space

 

 

 

1–4*

2 GB

• For application binaries, log files,

 

 

and documentation: up to 30GB

5–8**

4 GB

(depending on system activity)

 

 

 

 

• For support directories: 3 GB per

 

 

million files stored

 

 

• For metadata: 25GB minimum

 

 

 

*Two CPUs recommended for best performance.

**Two CPUs required for best performance.

Note: If a file system uses deduplicated storage disks (DDisks), note the following additional requirements:

Requires 2 GB RAM per DDisk in addition to the base RAM noted in Table 2.

Requires an additional 5GB of disk space for application binaries and log files.

Deduplication is supported only for file systems running on a Linux operating system (x86 32-bitor x8664-bit).

An Intel Pentium 4 or later processor (or an equivalent AMD processor) is required. For best performance, Quantum recommends an extra CPU per blockpool.

StorNext 3.1.3 Installation Guide

3