Lexmark FORMS 248X User Manual

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Forms Printer 248x/249x

Technical Reference

October 2000

www.lexmark.com

Third Edition (October 2000)

The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, INC. PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you.

This publication could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in later editions of the publication. Improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication may be made at any time.

Publications are not stocked at the address given below; requests for publications should be made to your point of purchase.

A form for reader's comments is provided at the back of this publication. If the form has been removed, comments may be addressed to Lexmark International, Inc., Department F95/035-3,740 New Circle Road N.W., Lexington, Kentucky40511-1876,U.S.A. Lexmark may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.

Lexmark is a trademark of Lexmark International, Inc.

Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

© Copyright Lexmark International, Inc. 1993, 2000. All rights reserved.

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS

This software and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013and in applicable FAR provisions: Lexmark International, Inc., Greenwich, CT 06836.

Contents

Section 1 - Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Available Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Print Speeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Printhead Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

248x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

249x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Printhead Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Optimum Temperature Ranges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Clearances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Power Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Alternating Current Line Voltage Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Noise Emission Value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Paper Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

2480/2490 (Narrow Carriage Models). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

2481/2491 (Wide Carriage Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Ribbon Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Power-On Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Printer Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Programming Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Section 2 - Set Initial Conditions (SIC) Command . . 21

SIC Command Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Section 3 - IBM Emulation Mode Printer Commands 27

Control Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Escape Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Printer Command Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Command Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Example of IBM Emulation Mode Printer Command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Printer Command Quick Reference (IBM Emulation Mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Selecting a Character Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Select Character Set 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

iii

Select Character Set 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Select Code Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Print From Code Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Continuously Print Characters from a Code Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Print One Character . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Download a Character Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Select Global Font . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Select 12 cpi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Select Print Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Select Print Type Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Emphasized (Bold) Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Double-Strike Print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Superscript or Subscript. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Set Print Direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Continuous Double-wide Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Score Select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Continuous Underline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Continuous Overscore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Set Print Quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Graphics Print Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Normal Density Bit Image Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Mode and Horizontal Density (249x Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Dual-Density Bit Image Graphics (Half Speed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Dual-Density Bit Image Graphics (Normal Speed). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 High-Density Bit Image Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Horizontal Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Set Horizontal Tabulation Stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Set Default Tabulation Stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Set Horizontal Margins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Move Current Print Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Line Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Automatic Line Feed (LF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Reverse Line Feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Move Paper Vertically. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Set Vertical Units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

Vertical Tabulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Set Vertical Tabulation Stops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Line Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Set Line Spacing to 1/8 Inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Set Line Spacing to 7/72 Inch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Activate Line Spacing for Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Set Line Spacing for Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Set Line Spacing for Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Porportional Space Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Set Top of Form and Page Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Set Top of Form. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

iv

Set Page Length in Inches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Set Page Length in Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Set Skip Perforation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Cancel Skip Perforation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Printer Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Deselect Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Setup Barcode Parameter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Setup Barcode Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Section 4 - Epson Mode Printer Commands . . . . . . 65

Font Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Text Print Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Graphics Print Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Horizontal Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Vertical Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Line Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Page Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Printer Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Other Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Section 5 - OKI Microline Mode Printer Commands 79

Character Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Character Size and Spacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Character Style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

Custom Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Graphics Print Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

Horizontal Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Vertical Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Other Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Section 6 - Using the Printer Interface . . . . . . . . . . . 91

Parallel Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Parallel Interface Voltage Levels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Computer to Printer Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96Serial Interface Option. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 How to Connect the RS-232C Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Serial Cable Pin Assignments (RS-232C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Serial Interface Cable (RS-232C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Using an IBM AT Personal Computer (RS-232C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

Universal Serial Bus Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Serial Communication Parameters (RS-232C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

v

Serial Computer Configuration Recommendations (RS-232C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

Section 7 - Downloading Characters and Fonts . . 105

248x Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Designing Draft and NLQ Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Designing Fast Draft Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Designing NLQ II Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Downloading Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Designing and Downloading the Draft/NLQ Copyright (©) Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . 113

249x Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Designing and Downloading Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

Managing the Download Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

Designing Monospaced Fast Draft Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Designing Monospaced Draft Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

Designing Proportionally Spaced Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Designing Enhanced Letter Quality Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Section 8 - Barcodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Barcode Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Data Transfer Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Barcode Symbologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Notes For Barcode Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179

Section 9 - Code Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

Code Page 437 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Code Page 437G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Code Page 813 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Code Page 850 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Code Page 851 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Code Page 853T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Code Page 857 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

Code Page 858 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Code Page 860 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

Code Page 861 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

Code Page 863 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198

Code Page 865 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

Code Page 869 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200

Code Page 920 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

Code Page 1004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

Code Page 1053 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

Printing a Code Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204

Set Font Global, ESC [I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206

Character Sets 1 and 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

vi

Character Set 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216

Character Set 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

vii

viii

Introduction

Section 1

Your dot-matrixprinter is aneasy-to-usedesktop printer that provides lowcost,high-qualityoutput from your personal computer. It handles cut forms,document-on-demand,and continuous form applications.

Your printer is a wire-matrixprinter. The printer makes impressions by forcing a hardened wire against an ink ribbon to transfer ink to the paper on impact. A dot is printed each time the wire strikes the ribbon against the paper. This impact printing technology has unique capabilities. The information in this manual enables you to fully use the capabilities ofdot-matriximpact printing.

This book applies to the Lexmark Forms Printer 2400 Series dot-matrixfamily of printers. Differences that occur between printer models are noted.

The information in this manual is intended primarily for hardware and software programmers, engineers, technicians, and others who require indepth technical information. If you need information to operate your printer, see your User’s Guide.

Section 1: Introduction

7

Available Options

Options

Part Number

2480

2481

2490

2491

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1329605 (10 ft.),

 

 

 

 

Parallel Cable

1427498 (20 ft.),

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

or equivalent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serial interface

12T0154

 

 

 

 

Internal RS-232

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

1038693 (50 ft), or

Serial cable

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

equivalent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auto Sheet Feeder-

12T0150

Yes

No

Yes

No

Narrow Carriage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auto Sheet Feeder-

12T0151

No

Yes

No

Yes

Wide Carriage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tractor 2 Feeder-

12T0152

Yes

No

Yes

No

Narrow Carriage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tractor 2 Feeder-

12T0153

No

Yes

No

Yes

Wide Carriage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USB cable

12A2405

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

 

 

 

 

 

 

248x OKI emulation

12T0155

Yes

Yes

No

No

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cut Sheet Output

12T0014

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Support Stand

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical Characteristics

 

Width

Height

Depth

Weight

 

 

 

 

 

2480/2490

491.5 mm

195 mm

290 mm

8.0 kg

(18.75 in.)

(7.36 in.)

(11.28 in.)

(14.8 lb)

 

 

 

 

 

 

2481/2491

633.5 mm

195 mm

290 mm

9.8 kg

(24.35 in.)

(7.36 in.)

(11.28 in.)

(18.7 lb)

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Section 1: Introduction

Print Speeds

Your printer supports the following burst print speeds in characters per second (cps).

Mode

2480/2481

2490/2491

 

 

 

 

 

Fast Draft

 

 

 

 

10 cpi

438 cps

409 cps

12 cpi

510 cps

465 cps

 

 

 

 

 

Draft

 

 

 

 

10 cpi

309 cps

274 cps

12 cpi

304 cps

328 cps

 

 

 

 

 

Near Letter Quality -

 

 

 

 

Gothic, Courier

77 cps

91 cps

10 cpi

76 cps

109 cps

12 cpi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Letter Quality -

 

 

 

 

Prestige, Presentor,

N/A

91 cps

Orator, and Script

 

 

 

 

10 cpi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Printhead Description

Your printer uses dot-matriximpact technology to generate characters. The 248x has a9-wireprinthead. The 249x has a24-wireprinthead.

248x

The 248x printhead has nine wires arranged in a single vertical column. The diameter of each wire is 0.30 mm (0.012 in.). The center-to-centerdistance between wires is 0.353 mm (1/72 in.). The printhead has an impact force sufficient to generate readable copies on multipart forms and envelopes up to and including6-plyforms (original plus 5 copies).

249x

The 249x printhead has twenty-fourwires arranged in two parallel vertical columns of twelve wires each. The diameter of each wire is 0.22 mm (0.009 in.). The wires in each of the rows are vertically separated to produce a 0.141 mm (1/ 180 in.) space between the centers of adjacent dots. The printhead has an impact force sufficient to generate readable copies on multipart forms and envelopes up to and including4-plyforms (original plus 3 copies).

Section 1: Introduction

9

 

Printhead Movement

The printhead moves by a direct-currentstepper motor.

The printhead can print while moving in both directions (bidirectional print). When the printhead is printing in both directions, it automatically finds the shortest path to print the next line.

The maximum velocity of the printhead is 1117.6 mm (44 in.) per second for the 248x and 1041.4 mm (41 in.) per second for the 249x.

Environmental Conditions

Optimum Temperature Ranges

Condition

Operating

Stored

Shipping

 

 

 

 

Ambient air

+10° to +40.6°C

+1° to +60°C

-40°to +60°C

temperature

(+50° to +105°F)

+34° to +140°F

(-40°to +140°F)

range

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Humidity range

8.0% to 90%

5.0% to 100%

5.0% to 100%

 

 

 

 

Vibration

Although this desktop printer is portable and durable, do not operate or place the printer in vibration-proneareas. For best results, operate the printer on a level surface.

Clearances

Printer operation produces natural convection, or airflow. To allow sufficient airflow, make sure there is 50.8 mm (2 in.) of space around all exposed surfaces.

Power Requirements

Power Consumption

38 W average operating power

7 W average idle power

10

Section 1: Introduction

Alternating Current Line Voltage Power

Your printer uses one of the following alternating current (ac) line voltage power values.

Note: Input voltage value varies with the country where the printer was purchased.

90-137V ac, 50/60 Hz

180-265V ac, 50/60 Hz

Power Cord

Printers for the United States and Canada have a 1.83 m (6.0 ft) power cord. Printers for all other countries have a 2.74 m (9.0 ft) power cord, with the correct plug to match the country requirements.

Noise Emission Value

The following are noise emission values for your printer.

Noise Emission Values

248x-001

249x-001

 

 

 

Operating 4 Mic Average, Draft

57 dB(A)

N/A

 

 

 

Operating Front MicAverage, Draft

56 dB(A)

N/A

 

 

 

Operating 4 Mic Average, NLQ

54 dB(A)

55 dB(A)

 

 

 

Operating Front MicAverage, NLQ

53 dB(A)

53 dB(A)

 

 

 

IDLE (standby mode)

0 dB(A)

0 dB(A)

 

 

 

All measurements were made in accordance with ISO 7779.

Section 1: Introduction

11

 

Paper Specifications

2480/2490 (Narrow Carriage Models)

Paper

Cut Forms

 

Continuous Forms

 

 

 

 

 

Envelopes

 

Multiple

 

Multiple

Dimensions

Single

Single

 

 

part

part

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Width

 

 

Maximum

297 mm

297 mm

254 mm

254 mm

241 mm

 

(11.7 in.)

(11.7 in.)

(10 in.)

(10 in.)

(9.5 in.)

 

See Note

See Note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum

N/A

N/A

241 mm

241 mm

N/A

Hole to Hole

See Note

 

(9.5 in.)

(9.5 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

76 mm

76 mm

76 mm

76 mm

152 mm

 

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(6.0 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

N/A

N/A

63 mm

63 mm

N/A

Hole to Hole

 

 

(2.5 in.)

(2.5 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: When the optional Auto Sheet Feeder or Tractor 2 Feeder is installed, the maximum width of a cut form is 215 mm (8.5 in.) for manual loading.

Page Length

Maximum

559 mm

559 mm

559 mm

559 mm

 

152 mm

 

(22.0 in.)

(22.0 in.)

(22.0 in.)

(22.0 in.)

 

(6.0 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

76 mm

76 mm

3.2 mm

3.2 mm

 

110 mm

 

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(0.125 in.)

(0.125 in.)

 

(4.1 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight

 

 

 

Maximum

90 g/m2

N/A

90 g/m2

N/A

 

90 g/m2

 

(24 lb.)

 

(24 lb.)

 

 

(24 lb.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

60 g/m2

N/A

56 g/m2

N/A

 

75 g/m2

 

(16 lb.)

 

(15 lb.)

 

 

(20 lb.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thickness - Multiple Part Forms of 45 g/m2 (12 lb.) paper

 

 

0.058 mm

See Note

0.058 mm

See Note

 

0.042 mm

 

(0.0023 in.)

 

(0.0023 in.)

 

 

(0.017 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Thickness up to 0.512 mm (0.0202 in.) for 2480/2481 printers; up to0.36 mm (0.015 in.) for 2490/2491 printers.

12

Section 1: Introduction

2481/2491 (Wide Carriage Models)

Paper

 

Cut Forms

 

Continuous Forms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Envelopes

 

 

Multiple

 

Multiple

 

Dimensions

 

Single

Single

 

 

 

 

 

 

part

part

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Width

 

 

 

Maximum

 

420 mm

420 mm

406 mm

406 mm

 

241 mm

 

 

(16.5 in.)

(16.5 in.)

(16.0 in.)

(16.0 in.)

 

(9.5 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximum

 

N/A

N/A

393 mm

393 mm

 

N/A

Hole to Hole

 

 

 

(15.5 in.)

(15.5 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

 

76 mm

76 mm

76 mm

76 mm

 

152 mm

 

 

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

 

(6.0 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

 

N/A

N/A

63 mm

63 mm

 

N/A

Hole to Hole

 

 

 

(2.5 in.)

(2.5 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page Length

 

 

 

Maximum

 

559 mm

559 mm

559 mm

559 mm

 

152 mm

 

 

(22.0 in.)

(22.0 in.)

(22.0 in)

(22.0 in.)

 

(6.0 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

 

76 mm

76 mm

3.2 mm

3.2 mm

 

110 mm

 

 

(3.0 in.)

(3.0 in.)

(0.125 in.)

(0.125 in.)

 

(4.1 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight

 

 

 

Maximum

 

90 g/m2

N/A

90 g/m2

N/A

 

90 g/m2

 

 

(24 lb.)

 

(24 lb.)

 

 

(24 lb.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum

 

60 g/m2

N/A

56 g/m2

 

 

75 g/m2

 

 

(16 lb.)

 

(15 lb.)

 

 

(20 lb.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thickness - Multiple Part Forms of 45 g/m2 (12 lb.) paper

 

 

 

0.058 mm

See Note

0.058 mm

See Note

 

0.053 mm

 

 

(0.0023 in.)

 

(0.0023 in.)

 

 

(0.021 in.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Thickness up to 0.512 mm (0.0202 in.) for 2480/2481 printers; up to0.36 mm (0.015 in.) for 2490/2491 printers.

Section 1: Introduction

13

 

Paper Size

Narrow carriage (2480/2490)

Wide carriage (2481/2491)

 

 

 

Automatic Feed Mode (single-partform)

 

 

 

 

Length

139.7 mm (5.5 in.)

139.7 mm (5.5 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

355.6 mm (14.0 in.)

355.6 mm (14.0 in.) (See Note 1)

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

558.8 mm (22 in.) (See Note 2)

 

 

 

Width

105 mm (4.13 in.)

105 mm (4.13 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

215.9 mm (8.5 inch)

364 mm (14.3 in.)

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

 

Tractor Feeder (continuous forms)

 

 

 

 

Length

76 mm (3.0 in.)

76 mm (3.0 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

N/A

N/A

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

 

Width

76 mm (3.0 in.)

76 mm (3.0 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

254 mm (10 in.)

406 mm (16.0 in.)

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

 

Notes:

 

 

1 For paper width greater than 8.5 inches.

 

2 For paper width up to 8.5 inches.

 

 

 

 

Manual Feed (cut sheets)

 

 

 

 

Length

76.2 mm (3.0 in.)

76.2 mm (3.0 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

558.8 mm (22.0 in.)

558.8 mm (22.0 in.)

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

 

Width

76.2 mm (3.0 in.)

76.2 mm (3.0 in.)

 

minimum

minimum

 

279.4 mm (11.0 in.)

420 mm (16.5 in.)

 

maximum

maximum

 

 

 

Paper Weight

16 ~ 24 lbs (60 ~ 90 g/m2)

 

14

Section 1: Introduction

Ribbon Specifications

The life expectancy of the 2300/2400 series standard re-inkingribbon is approximately 4 million characters in 10 characters per inch (cpi) draft mode. For replacement ribbon, order ribbon number 11A3540.

Length:

1.8 m (6.0 ft)

Width:

8 mm (0.315 in.)

Fabric:

Nylon

High yield re-inkingribbon is available for the 2400 series printer. It has a life expectancy of approximately 8 million characters in 10 cpi draft mode. For replacement ribbon, order ribbon number 11A3550.

Length:

2.5 m (8.3 ft)

Width:

8 mm (0.315 in.)

Fabric:

Nylon

Diagnostics

This section discusses diagnostics at power-onand how to do the printer test.

Power-OnDiagnostics

The following tests are performed when the printer is turned On.

RAM Test

Font ROM/Microcode Sum Test

Timer/Interrupt Controller Test

NVRAM Test

Switch Scan Test of the operator panel

Carrier Initialization

Paper Feed Initialization

If any errors occur during the tests, a combination of blinking LEDs indicate which test failed.

Printer Test

You can run a Printer Test to aid in problem determination. In addition to the normal power-oninternal tests (see“Power-On Diagnostics” on page 15), the printer test generates a sample printout.

This test printout can be printed either with or without connecting the printer to your computer.

Section 1: Introduction

15

 

To run the printer test, follow these steps:

1 Make sure the paper and ribbon are installed.

2 Turn the printer Off.

3 PressLine Feed while you turn the printer On.

4 After a few seconds, releaseLine Feed.

To stop or interrupt the printer test:

1 PressStart/Stop. The test stops after a complete line of characters has printed.

2 PressStart/Stop to continue the printer test.

Programming Examples

Examples in this manual have been formatted to be processed by a simple BASIC program. The BASIC program reads an input file and writes data to an output file. Printer commands may be entered into the input file in a hexadecimal format and enclosed with opening and closing delimiters.

The opening delimiter is a less-thansymbol,’<’, followed by an’x’. The’xmay be either upper or lower case. The closing delimiter is agreater-thansymbol,

’>’.

Within the delimiters, hexadecimal data must be presented in two-digitpairs. White space, blanks, carriage returns and line feeds may be used between the pairs. In addition, a comment may be added to the end of a line by using a minus sign,’-’,at the start of the comment. All data after a minus sign is ignored until a carriage return or line feed is encountered.

The example format used in this book is shown below:

<x

 

 

1B36

-

select character set 2

1B5B0400000001B5

-

select code page 437

1B5B640100A0

-

set print quality to letter quality

1B5B4905000055007801

-

set font global to Courier 12

>

 

 

All of the examples use this encoding method and have been tested using the following BASIC program:

1000 INPUT "Enter file name to be printed"; FILENAME$ 1010 OPEN FILENAME$ FOR INPUT AS #1

1020 OPEN "prtrout.bin" FOR OUTPUT AS #2

1030 WHILE EOF(1) = 0

1040 I$ = INPUT$(1, #1)

16

Section 1: Introduction

1050

 

IF(I $ <> "<")THEN PRINT #2,I$;: GOTO 1090

1060

 

I $ = INPUT $ (1, #1)

1070

 

IF(I $ = "x")OR (I $ = "X") THEN GOSUB 1130: GOTO 1090

1080

 

IF(I $ = "<")THEN PRINT#2,I$;: GOTO 1090 ELSE GOTO 1290

1090

WEND

1100

CLOSE #1: CLOSE #2:

1110

SHELL "copy prtrout.bin/b lpt1 >nul"

1120

END

1130

'

--------------------processhex modedata-------------

1140

WHILE EOF(1) = 0

1150

 

I $ = INPUT $ (1, #1)

1160

 

IF(I $ = " ")OR(I $ = CHR$(10))OR(I$ = CHR$(13))THEN GOTO 1230

1170

 

IF(I $ = " - ")THEN GOSUB 1300: GOTO 1230

1180

 

IF(I $ = ">") THEN RETURN

1190

 

GOSUB 1250: N1 = N

1200

 

IF EOF(1) GOTO 1290

1210

 

I $ = INPUT $ (1,#1): GOSUB 1250

1220

 

PRINT #2,CHR $ ((N1 * 16) + N);

1230

WEND

1240

RETURN

1250

'--------------------

hex digit conversion--------------

1260

IF(I$ >= "0") AND (I$ <= "9")THEN N= ASC(I$)-48:RETURN

1270

IF(I$ >= "A") AND (I$ <= "F") THEN N= ASC(I$)-55:RETURN

1280

IF(I$ >= "a") AND (I$ <= "f")THEN N= ASC(I$)- 87: RETURN

1290

PRINT "Invalid hexadecimal data - [" + I$ + "]": STOP

1300

'----------------

comments bypass subroutine------------

1310

WHILE EOF(1) = 0

1320

 

I $ = INPUT $ (1, #1)

1330

 

IF (I $ = CHR $ (10)) OR (I$ = CHR$(13)) THEN RETURN

1340

WEND

1350

GOTO 1100

Section 1: Introduction

17

 

18

Section 1: Introduction