Kingston Technology MCMASTER MC133PD User Manual

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Kingston Technology

MCMaster

User’s Guide

Model: MC133PD

Kingston Technology’s

MCMaster

486DX4 Processor Upgrade

Micro Channel Adapter

User’s Guide

Part No. 4460012-001.B06

Kingston Technology Company

17600 Newhope

Fountain Valley, CA 92708

(714) 435-2600

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

TABLEOFCONTENTS

 

Introduction............................................................................

1

General Description....................................................

2

Package Contents ......................................................

3

Packaging Materials ...................................................

3

Hardware Installation ..............................................................

4

Preparing your Reference Disk....................................

4

Installing Memory .......................................................

4

Memory Requirements ...................................

4

Installing SIMMs.........................................................

6

Verifying Configuration Jumpers..................................

6

Installing the MCMaster ..............................................

7

Configuring the System...........................................................

8

Running Automatic Configuration.................................

8

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

Appendices ..........................................................................

 

11

Appendix A

Configuration Options...........................

12

Appendix B MCMaster Software Utilities..................

20

Appendix C

Troubleshooting...................................

26

Configuration Problems.................................

26

Using the MCMaster Diagnostic.....................

29

Hardware Issues...........................................

35

How to Reach Kingston.................................

48

Appendix D Product Warranties and Notices ...........

49

Kingston Technology Company

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

General Information

1

Introduction

Congratulations on the purchase of your Kingston MCMaster. This guide will take you through the basic steps of physically installing MCMaster into your PS/2 system and configuring the system. For most installations, this is all you need to do. Even battle-hardenedPS/2 veterans should at least read over the installation directions before proceeding.

The Appendices contain more detailed information, along with troubleshooting suggestions in case you run into problems. They also contain some background technical information, if you're just plain curious.

If any of these circumstances apply to you:

Windows 3.0 or 3.1 previously installed in a 286-basedPS/2 system; Windows 3.0 or 3.1 and a busmaster SCSI disk controller;

OS/2 1.2 or 1.3 and a busmaster SCSI disk controller; OS/2 2.0;

OS/2 2.1,

Any third-partymemory adapter; IBM's 386 Enhanced Memory Adapter; QEMM386 memory manager;

IBM's AIX operating system

Please read the appropriate sections in the Appendices which you will find in the back of this Installation Guide. If you experience problems which you are unable to resolve with the use of this manual or have questions regarding the Kingston MCMaster, please feel free to call Kingston Technical Support at (714) 435-2639.

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

2

General Information

General Description

The Kingston Technology MCMaster processor upgrade board is a busmaster processor upgrade card. It provides your computer with a powerful 486DX2 microprocessor to give your system the increased performance to handle today’s most demanding graphical software applications.

Your MCMaster includes these important features:

66MHz or 50MHz speed (depending on model)

Uses clock-doubled486DX2 microprocessor

Daughtercard connector for VESA Local-Processor

Two SIMM sockets support up to 64MB of onboard memory on 32Bit

PS/2 Models 70 and 80, or 16MB on16-BitPS/2 Models

Internal math coprocessor

8K internal cache and 128K external zero-wait-statecache

Onboard clock

Full access to all of the PS/2® computer's Extended Memory

Support for all PS/2 compatible operating systems

Supports Micro Channel® multi-busmastercapability

MCMaster 486DX4 Processor Upgrade

Memory Expansion Microchannel Adapter

Kingston Technology Company

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

General Information

3

Package Contents

The Kingston MCMaster package should contain the following items:

MCMaster Processor Upgrade Circuit Board

MCMaster Option Diskette

User’s Guide

If any item is missing or damaged, contact your Kingston dealer for a replacement. Be sure the items you receive are genuine Kingston Technology products. The printed circuit board has the Kingston name etched on its surface. If the Kingston name is missing, it’s not a genuine Kingston product.

Packaging Materials

Kingston Technology circuit boards are shipped in a special anti-staticenvelope which protects them from shock and static electricity that could cause severe damage. You should save this packaging material just in case you need to reship the MCMaster in the future.

Before you remove any component from its packaging, be sure you discharge any static electricity by touching a properly grounded metal object.

As an additional precaution, we strongly recommend that you back up your hard disk before installing MCMaster.

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

4

Hardware Installation

Hardware Installation

Install the MCMaster processor upgrade following these steps:

Preparing your Reference Disk

1.If you have not previously made a backup copy of the Reference disk that came with your PS/2 computer, you should do it now. Your original Reference disk should be write protected, and you won't be able to copy files onto it.

2.Power up the system with the backup copy of the Reference disk installed in Drive A.

3.The Reference disk will boot up, display the IBM logo, and prompt you "Press Enter to Continue." Press [ENTER], and wait for the menu to come up.

4.If you are prompted to run Automatic Configuration now, press [N] for No.

5.Select "Copy an option diskette" from the menu.

6.Follow the instructions that appear on the screen, inserting MCMaster option disk into the drive when instructed to insert the option disk. This copies configuration information from the Kingston disk onto your Reference disk.

Installing Memory

If you or your dealer have installed memory in MCMaster, it needs to be tested. Kingston supplies a diagnostic, MMDIAG.EXE, for this purpose contained on the Option diskette.

Memory Requirements

MCMaster uses IBM standard 32-bitwide, 70 nanosecond dynamic SIMM memory modules. SIMMs (SingleIn-lineMemory Modules) that do not adhere to the IBM standard can cause compatibility problems.

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MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Hardware Installation

5

Please verify that any SIMMs supplied by anyone other than Kingston meet the IBM specification before using them. The table below shows all of the SIMM types that can be installed in MCMaster. Note the MCMaster DOES NOT support 1MB or 2MB SIMM modules.

 

 

 

 

 

Size

 

Configuration

 

Kingston Part No.

4 MB

 

1024K x 32, 70ns

 

KTM1x32L-70T

8 MB

 

2048K x 32, 70ns

 

KTM2x32L-70T

16 MB

 

4096K x 32, 70ns

 

KTM4x32L-70T

32 MB

 

8192K x 32, 70ns

 

KTM8x32L-70T

MCMaster can also function with no onboard memory installed, using only memory that is already installed in the system. Be aware, however, that running MCMaster with only off-boardmemory extracts a performance penalty, especially in a16-bitPS/2 system like the model 50 or 60.

This table shows all possible combinations of SIMMs that can be installed in MCMaster.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Memory on

 

U900 Socket

 

U901 Socket

 

 

MCMaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 MBytes

 

4 MB

 

none

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 MBytes

 

4 MB

 

4 MB

 

 

8 MBytes

 

8 MB

 

none

 

 

12 MBytes

 

8 MB

 

4 MB

 

 

 

 

 

 

16 MBytes

 

8 MB

 

8MB

 

 

16 MBytes

 

16MB

 

none

 

 

20 MBytes

 

16MB

 

4MB

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 MBytes

 

16MB

 

8MB

 

 

32 MBytes

 

16MB

 

16MB

 

 

32 MBytes

 

32MB

 

none

 

 

 

 

 

 

36 MBytes

 

32MB

 

4MB

 

 

40 MBytes

 

32MB

 

8MB

 

 

48 MBytes

 

32MB

 

16MB

 

 

 

 

 

 

64 MBytes

 

32MB

 

32MB

 

Note:

If only one SIMM is installed on the board, it must be installed in location U900.

If 16MB or 32MB SIMMs are used, verify Jumper J801 is connected to 1 and 2.

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

6

Hardware Installation

Installing SIMMs

1.Place the MCMaster board onto the anti static bag on a flat surface with the component side face up and the edge connector toward you.

2.Insert the edge of the SIMM into the socket with pin 1 to your right. If the pin number is not marked on the SIMM module, look for a notch cut out of one of the corners on the connector side of the SIMM. That notch will be at pin 1.

3.Slide the SIMM all the way into the socket and press down gently until the tabs snap the SIMM securely in place. Note that the SIMMs are angled down, toward the board's connector edge.

Verifying Configuration Jumpers

The MCMaster comes with four sets of jumpers on board. They are set at the factory, but please take a moment to verify that they are installed correctly. The default settings are notated in bold with an asterisk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jumper

 

Jumper Settings

 

Function

 

 

J100

 

* 1-2connected

 

486DX CPU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-3connected

 

486SX CPU

 

 

J801

 

* 1-2connected

 

Non-IBMSIMMs

 

 

 

 

2-3connected

 

IBM SIMMs

 

Jumper locations are shown in the illustration below:

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MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Hardware Installation

7

Installing the MCMaster

1.Make sure that the system power switch is OFF.

2.Unlock and remove the system cover. Your PS/2 Quick Reference provides detailed instructions for removing or reinstalling the cover.

3.Choose a vacant expansion slot to plug MCMaster card into. MCMaster will work in a 16 or 32-bitslot. If you're installing it in a32-bitsystem, such as a Model 70 or 80, you'll want to install it in a32-bitslot to take full advantage of the 80486 processor's32-bitbus width.

4.Loosen the screw that holds the expansion slot cover, and slide out the expansion slot cover. Save it.

5.Install MCMaster board in its slot by carefully sliding it in until the board snaps into place. Be careful that the forked bottom of the backplate goes outside the lip of the chassis. Finger-tightenthe screw.

6.Replace the system cover, and tighten the screws.

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

8

Configuring the System

Configuring the System

At this point, you've finished physically installing MCMaster in the system. The next step is to configure the system to acknowledge MCMaster's presence. For most PC-DOSusers, the automatic configuration will be adequate. This section will guide you through the Automatic Configuration process. If you are using an operating system other than DOS, if you havethird-partymemory boards installed, or if you experience difficulties after running the automatic configuration, you should read Appendix A, "Manual Configuration Options" in the back of this manual.

Running Automatic Configuration

1.Insert the Reference diskette (onto which you've already copied the information from the Kingston option diskette) into the floppy drive.

2.Power the system ON.

3.The system will boot up automatically from the Reference disk. When the IBM logo appears, press [ENTER] as prompted. After a few seconds, the system will prompt you: "Do you want to automatically configure the system? (Y/N)?" Press [Y] for Yes. After the process is done, the PS/2's nonvolatile memory will store the configuration information.

6.After the automatic configuration runs, it will prompt you to press [ENTER] to restart the computer. Remove the Reference disk and press [ENTER].

7.At this point, the system will do a "cold boot" as if it had just been powered on. After the memory count, MCMaster takes control of the system, displaying the following messages:

MCMaster (tm) control code x.xx hardware xx.xx

Copyright Aox Incorporated 1993

All Rights Reserved

Press space bar to stop memory test

Press 'o' to return to original cpu (and stop memory test)

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MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Configuring the System

9

If you press the 'o' key now, control will return to the system's own processor. Otherwise, MCMaster will add its own memory to the memory count and then display the message:

Starting MCMaster

MCMaster start successful

This completes the installation of MCMaster in your PS/2 system. It should now be ready for operation. If it doesn't seem to be working, read the appropriate section in the Appendices for troubleshooting help. If all else fails, contact Kingston Technical Support at (714) 435-2639.

What's Next?

If you've been running "plain-vanilla"DOS applications, they will run as before, only faster.

If you're upgrading a 286-basedsystem to a 486, there are a lot of software products out there that take advantage of the 386/486 architecture. Your PS/2 is now compatible with them.

If you've been running Windows 3.0 or 3.1 in "standard" 286 mode, there are a few extra steps you'll have to take before you can run Windows in 386 Enhanced mode. Please read the section on Windows in Appendix C.

And enjoy your "new" computer. This manual was prepared on a PS/2 Model 60 enhanced by an MCMaster. While it would certainly have been physically possible to do it without MCMaster, it would have been a lot more work to do so.

Please back up your MCMaster option diskette, as well as your IBM Reference diskette.

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

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10

Configuring the System

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MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

11

Appendices

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

12

Appendix A Configuration Options

Appendix A Configuration Options

For most installations the automatic configuration will suffice. However, in order to make the MCMaster work properly in other circumstances, you may have to go to the configuration screen and set some options by hand. This section describes the MCMaster configuration options in detail.

If you are running the Set Configuration program with the MCMaster already installed, reboot the system and press the [o] key (to return to the original processor) when the Kingston logo appears.

The configuration program will not work properly with the MCMaster's processor controlling the system. This problem is compounded by the fact that the configuration program appears to work correctly. There's no warning until you reboot the system and discover that the configuration hasn't changed!

Operating Mode

Default:

Standard

Option:

INITPROG or IDD

By default, the MCMaster takes control of the system immediately after POST (Power On Self Test) is completed and becomes, for all practical purposes, the main system CPU. This is Standard mode.

The MCMaster can also be set to delay its startup until it is started by a Track 0 initializer (INITPROG) or an installable device driver (IDD.) This is required to accommodate some third-partymemory boards that start with an installable device driver or an initializer on the system's boot track. Since the MCMaster installs its memory at the top of the memory map (from the host's point of view) a memory board that is unaware of the MCMaster might conflict with the MCMaster's memory. With this option set to "INITPROG or IDD" the MCMaster won't add its memory to the system total until its device driver or boot track initializer is loaded.

If the device driver is loaded in the CONFIG.SYS file after the memory board's driver, or the boot track initializer comes after the boot track initializer for the memory board, the MCMaster will be aware of the third-partymemory and install its own memory above thethird-partymemory. The installable device driver is on the MCMaster option disk. It's called MMPIDD.SYS.

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MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Appendix A Configuration Options

13

If you use the MCMaster driver, place it after the driver for the memory board in your CONFIG.SYS file. For example:

DEVICE = [Memory board driver].SYS

DEVICE = MMPIDD.SYS

Early versions of the Intel Above Board implement the INITPROG option in a different manner. For these boards, Intel provides a program called SOFTSET. If you are using the MCMaster with one of these Intel Above Boards, please read "The MCMaster and the Intel Above Board" contained in Appendix C. Later versions of the Above Board use an Installable Device Driver; for these boards, the instructions here will suffice.

If you need to use the INITPROG option, make sure that you have a version of the IBM Set Configuration program that supports this feature. Older versions may not. The newer versions of the Set Configuration program prompt you to use [F3] rather than [ESC] to exit the program. If you need the newer Set Configuration program, contact your IBM service representative. Assuming that you have the proper configuration program, you must first edit the MCMaster's ADF file to enable the INITPROG feature of the Set Configuration program. To do so:

1.Boot up the system if it is not already running.

2.Insert the Reference diskette into the floppy drive.

3.Ensure that the second required ADF file is also on your Reference disk. To do this, use the DOS DIR command:

C:\>dir a:?008E.ADF

You should see something like:

I008E.ADF

@008E.ADF 2 files found

If you don't find I008E.ADF, copy it from the option diskette onto the Reference diskette before proceeding any further.

4.Load the file A:@008E.ADF into your favorite text editor or EDLIN. At or near lines 12 and 13, you will see:

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06

Kingston Technology Company

14

Appendix A Configuration Options

;remove semicolon from next line ;if you wish to use INITPROG ;initprog 80

Edit the line with "initprog 80" to delete the semicolon. The two lines should now read:

;remove semicolon from next line ;if you wish to use INITPROG initprog 80

5.Save the ADF file back out to the disk.

6.Exit the editor.

Now you can run the Set Configuration program and set the Operating Mode to "INITPROG or IDD." The program will automatically install the initializer onto your hard disk.

I/O selects

Default: 390h

Options: Too numerous to list here

This is the base I/O address for the MCMaster's own control ports. The Set Configuration program will display an asterisk next to this address if there is a conflict with a previously installed adapter. Press [F6] until you see an address that does not conflict.

Arbitration Level

Default: Level_14

Options: Level_0 through Level_13

The Micro Channel includes logic to arbitrate bus requests among multiple adapters: each adapter card must have its own arbitration level. If this level conflicts with another adapter, you can change it to any other level.

Kingston Technology Company

MCMaster User’s Guide - Rev. B06