JL Audio C5-400cw User Manual

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C5 -653

6.50-inch(165 mm)3-WayComponent System

Thank you for choosing a JL Audio Evolution™ C5 Component System for your automotive sound system.

These Evolution™ Speakers have been designed and manufactured to exacting standards in order to ensure years of musical enjoyment in your vehicle. For maximum performance, we highly recommend that you have your new speakers installed by an authorized JL Audio dealer. Your authorized dealer has the training, expertise and installation equipment to ensure optimum performance from this product. Should you

decide to install the speakers yourself, please take the time to read this manual thoroughly so as to familiarize yourself with its installation requirements and setup procedures.

If you have any questions regarding the instructions in this manual or any aspect of your amplifier’s operation, please contact your authorized JL Audio dealer for assistance. If you need further assistance,

please call the JL Audio Technical Support Department at (954) 443-1165during business hours.

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Woofer Physical Dimensions

Frame Outer Diameter (A)

 

 

 

6.52 in. / 165.5 mm

Grille Tray Outer Diameter (B)

 

 

 

6.76 in. / 171.7 mm

Magnet Outer Diameter (C)

 

 

 

3.54 in. / 90.0 mm

Frontal Grille Protrusion (D)

 

 

 

0.98 in. / 24.9 mm

Mounting Hole Diameter (E)

 

 

 

5.56 in. / 141.2 mm

 

Mounting Depth (F)

 

 

 

2.54 in. / 64.6 mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midrange Physical Dimensions

Frame Outer Diameter (A)*

3.94 in. / 100.0 mm

Grille Tray Outer Diameter (B)

4.76 in. / 121.0 mm

Magnet Outer Diameter (C)

2.83 in. / 72.0 mm

Frontal Grille Protrusion (D)

0.83 in. / 21.1 mm

Mounting Hole Diameter (E)

3.625 in. / 92.1 mm

Mounting Depth (F)

1.62 in. / 41.1 mm

*Does not take into account Mounting Tabs

 

A

 

 

D

 

D

C

 

 

B

A

 

 

 

Tweeter Fixture Physical Dimensions

Flush-Mount

Surface-Mount

Fixture Outer Diameter (A)

1.75 in. / 44.5 mm

1.61 in. / 40.9 mm

Fixture Mounting Hole Diameter (B)

1.50 in. / 38.1 mm

N/A

Fixture Mounting Depth (C)

0.56 in. / 14.2 mm

N/A

Tweeter Frontal Protrusion (D)

0.36 in. / 9.1 mm

0.87 in. / 22.1 mm

Due to ongoing product development, all specifications are subject to change without notice.

C5-653Specifications:

Woofers: Cast Alloy Frame, Patented Elevated Frame Cooling

Included Components and Parts:

(U.S. Patent #6,219,431 & #6,229,902), DMA-OptimizedMotor

• Two C5-650cw6.50-inch(165 mm) Woofers

System, Mineral-FilledPolypropylene Cone, Butyl Rubber

• Two C5-400cw4.0-inch(100 mm) Midrange Drivers

Surround, 1-in. /25 mm Voice Coil, Kapton® Former, Low-

• Two C5-075ct0.75-inch(19 mm) Tweeters

Profile, Symmetrical Roll Spider, Ferrite Magnet

• Two C5-653-XOCrossover Networks

 

• Two Flush-MountTweeter Fixtures

Midrange Drivers: DMA-OptimizedMotor System, Mineral-

• Two Surface-MountTweeter Fixtures

Filled Polypropylene Cone, Butyl Rubber Surround, 1-in. /25

• Two Metal Spring Clips for Flush-MountTweeter Fixtures

mm Voice Coil, Kapton® Former, Low-Profile,Symmetrical Roll

• Two Metal Woofer Grilles with ABS Grille Trays

Spider, Ferrite Magnet

• Two Metal Midrange Grilles with ABS Grille Trays

 

• Two ABS Midrange Frame Adaptors and Flush-MountRings

Tweeters: 0.75 in. / 19 mm Silk Soft Dome

• Four Self-AdhesiveJL Audio Nameplates for Grilles

RSR Variable-AngleFlush-MountSystem, Ferrofluid Cooling

• Butyl Adhesive Putty for Woofer Grilles

and Damping, Neodymium Magnet

• Twenty #8 x 1.25 inch (32 mm) Sheet Metal Screws

 

• Sixteen #8 Mounting Clips

Crossover Networks: 3-waynetwork with 2nd order

• Eight #6 x 1.25 inch (32 mm) Sheet Metal Screws

low-pass,2nd order bandpass and 2nd orderhigh-passcircuit,

• Eight #6 Mounting Clips

premium capacitors and inductors, 4-positionadjustable

• Two 1.18-inch(30 mm) Machine Screws

tweeter output level, 3-positionmidrange presence control,

• Four #6 x 1-inch(25 mm) Sheet Metal Screws

Polyswitch tweeter protection

• Sixteen Crimpable Spade Connectors

 

• Four 6.4 mm Female Crimpable Connectors

Continuous Power Handling: 75 Watts (RMS Method)

• Six 4.7 mm Female Crimpable Connectors

Peak Music Power: 225 Watts

• Two 2.8 mm Female Crimpable Connectors

Recommended Power Range: 25-150Watts (RMS)

• Four 2.8 mm Male Crimpable Connectors

Frequency Response: 48 Hz - 25 KHz (± 3 dB)

 

Efficiency @ 1W/1m: 89.5 dB @ 1W/1m

 

Nominal Impedance: 4 ohms

 

A

C

 

B

 

Crossover Network Physical Dimensions

Height (A)

5.86 in. / 148.9 mm

Width (B)

4.17 in. / 105.8 mm

Depth (C)

1.68 in. / 42.8 mm

Due to ongoing product development, all specifications are subject to change without notice.

2 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

3

GETTING STARTED

• Turn off the audio system. It is also advisable to disconnect the negative (–)terminal of your vehicle’s battery whenever performing installation work.

• Before cutting, drilling or inserting any screw, check clearances on both sides of the planned mounting surface. Also check for any potential obstacles, such as window tracks and motors, wiring harnesses, etc. Check both sides of the

vehicle, many vehicles are not symmetrical!

• Always wear protective eyewear.

CROSSOVER NETWORK INSTALLATION

The crossover networks supplied with your C5 System should be installed in a dry location inside your vehicle. DO NOT INSTALL THEM INSIDE OF A DOOR! Doors often get wet on the inside, which can damage your crossover networks and could potentially damage your entire sound system. The crossovers can be screwed into a solid surface via two holes located under the protective cover of the case. To access these holes, simply squeeze the sides of the cover while gently pulling the cover away from the base. Make sure that your mounting location will not cause damage to wiring, fuel lines, brake lines or any other vital component of your vehicle. Once you have screwed the case in and made your connections, snap the protective cover back into place.

!! WARNING

It is absolutely vital that your component system is connected as shown in this manual. Failure to

connect the system as shown may result in damage to your speakers which is NOT covered under warranty.

Do not substitute different crossover networks into your C5 System. Do not use crossover networks intended for different C5 models.

Ampli er

Output

TWEETER PROTECTION

ADJUSTABLE MIDRANGE PRESENCE

ADJUSTABLE TWEETER LEVEL

The C5 crossover networks are equipped with

Your C5 crossover networks provide a unique

C5 crossover networks also provide four levels

an advanced electronic tweeter protection circuit

midrange presence control, located under the cover.

of tweeter adjustability designed to compensate for

designed to minimize the possibility of tweeter

The midrange presence is selectable via a set of pins

different mounting locations, vehicle interiors and

failure. This electronic device monitors current going

and allows for three settings. These settings affect the

personal taste. These levels are selectable via a set of

to the tweeter and will disconnect the tweeter from

amplitude of the upper midrange response of the C5

pins located under the clear cover of each crossover

the signal when it senses overload. Should this occur

component woofer. We recommend that you begin

case. We recommend that you begin listening in the

while listening to the audio system, simply reduce the

your listening in the “REF” (Reference) and adjust

REF” (Reference) position. To find the optimum

volume for a few seconds and the protection circuit

up or down as needed to compensate for mounting

tonal balance in your installation, experiment with

will reset itself automatically.

location, orientation or personal taste.

alternate tweeter level settings by moving the pins. It

 

 

is safe to switch jumpers while the system is playing.

CROSSOVER NETWORK ADJUSTMENT

 

 

The crossover networks have been designed to

 

 

allow tonal adjustments to the upper midrange

 

 

response and tweeter level. These adjustments make

 

 

it possible to fine-tuneyour system to suit your

 

 

listening preferences and to compensate for various

 

 

speaker mounting applications.

 

 

Red

Black

4 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

5

SPEAKER PLACEMENT CONSIDERATIONS

A component system gives you the ability to place the woofer, midrange and tweeter separately in your vehicle interior. This can be good or bad, depending on how it’s done.

The C5-653system has been optimized for installations in which the midrange and tweeter drivers for each channel are mounted as close together as possible on the same mounting plane (such as a kick panel installation as illustrated in Diagram B). This type of mounting will result in the best tonal balance and most coherent imaging. The center to center separation of the midrange and tweeter should be between 3.5 inches (89mm) and 4 inches (102mm) Any separation greater than 4 inches (102mm) from center to center of each driver is likely to result in degraded sound quality. We do not recommend mounting the tweeters in a different location than the midrange driver (Diagram A).

 

Diagram A: Less Desirable Speaker Placement

Avoid placing tweeters where they will be blocked

 

by objects in the interior of the car (including seated

 

occupants). When selecting a mounting location,

 

look at both sides of the car to make sure that this

 

location is clear on both sides.

 

The 6.5 inch (165mm) woofers will usually be

 

placed into factory speaker locations and can be

 

separated from the midrange and tweeter by as

 

much as 18 inches (46 cm), without degrading sound

 

quality. For proper low-frequencyperformance,

 

the woofers need a fairly large air space behind

 

them (like the air inside of a door). Enclosing the

 

C5-650cwwoofers in spaces smaller than 1 cu.ft

 

(28 liters) is not recommended if optimum low-

 

frequency and midbass performance is desired.

 

We do not recommend mounting the woofer and

Diagram B: More Desirable Speaker Placement

midrange into the same enclosed environment, as

 

this will cause energy from the woofer to modulate

 

the midrange driver, resulting in distortion and

 

coloration of the sound. If you are mounting the

 

mids and woofers into the same environment, you

 

will need to sub-enclosethe midrange speakers in an

 

enclosure with a minimum of 0.08 cu.ft. (2.3 liters).

 

This guideline also applies to any other enclosed

 

application of the midrange driver:

 

Enclosures smaller than 0.08 cu.ft (2.3 liters) will

 

alter the frequency response of the midrange driver

 

and result in degraded sound quality.

 

6 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

7

!! WARNING

Double check the clearance for both speakers before proceeding. Many cars are different from one side to the other!

Woofer INSTALLATION

The woofers should be installed in one of the following ways depending on location:

Factory Location: If you will be using the factory speaker wires, it may be necessary to change the terminations. This may be accomplished by using an adaptor plug or simply by cutting the factory connector off and using the supplied crimp connectors to terminate the speaker wires. The large connector is for the positive (+) terminal and the small connector is for the negative(–) terminal of each woofer. Keep in mind that the woofer wires must be connected to the woofer outputs of the crossovers supplied with your system as shown in the diagram on page 5. If you prefer to run new wires, refer to the “Custom Location” installation section for details. Whichever method you choose, observe correct polarity in your connections. If you are unsure about any of these issues, contact your

JL Audio dealer for installation assistance.

Your new speakers have been designed to install, without modifications, into most vehicles that accept a 6.5-inch(160 mm) speaker. Most factory6.5-inchspeakers use four mounting screws which will line up with the mounting holes on your woofers.

It is absolutely vital that the speaker frame fits into the mounting hole cleanly. This must be checked prior to tightening the screws. Do not force the frame into a hole that is too small. Do not tighten the speaker onto an uneven surface. This will damage your speakers. The speaker should also fit so that air does not leak around the mounting flange. Air leaks will cause a severe degradation in sound quality. Seal any air leaks with an automotive-gradesealant material.

Use the supplied mounting clips unless the factory holes already feature threaded inserts. Hand-tightenthe screws evenly.

Custom Location: Run speaker wire to the desired mounting locations. If you are running wires into a door, use existing factory wiring boots whenever possible. If you are drilling new holes, file their edges and install rubber grommets into each hole. Wires should then be covered with a protective, flexible PVC sleeve and then run through the door jamb. Make sure that the wires will clear door hinges and other structures in the door. If you are unsure about any part of this process, please contact your JL Audio dealer for installation help.

Select an even surface. Tightening a speaker onto an uneven surface can damage it. Carefully measure and mark the “mounting hole diameter” outline in the selected location using the dimensions listed on page 2. Before drilling or cutting on your interior panels, use a utility knife to cut any fabric, vinyl

or leather from hole locations. These materials can easily be snagged by a drill or a saw, causing damage to the panel and possible bodily injury. Drill a pilot hole in the center of the proposed speaker mounting hole. Then, using a saber saw with an appropriate blade, make the circular cut out for the speaker. File any rough edges.

After cutting the hole, check to see that the speaker frame fits into its mounting hole cleanly. Do not force the frame into a hole that is too small. Once the speaker is in place, use the holes on the speaker’s mounting flange to mark the panel where the four mounting screws will be positioned, as shown in Diagram D. Remove the speaker and drill 1/8-inch(3 mm) holes at each mark. Insert the mounting clips with the flat side towards the speaker. Connect the speaker wires, observing correct polarity, and secure the speaker and grille tray to the panel by evenly tightening by hand the provided #8 x 1.25 inch (32 mm) mounting screws. Make sure the woofer is secured so that air does not leak around the mounting flange. Air leaks will cause a severe degradation in sound quality. Seal any air leaks with anautomotive-gradesealant material.

Break off small pieces of the supplied butyl adhesive putty and place them on the inside of each grille tray. This adhesive will hold the grille mesh insert in place firmly and prevent rattling. Insert the grille mesh insert into the grille tray, squeezing gently around its edge until it seats firmly into the tray.

Finally, attach the self-adhesiveJL Audio logo badge to the grille mesh insert.

Diagram C: Factory Location Woofer Installation

Optional

Diagram D: Custom Location Woofer Installation

!! WARNING

Hand-tightenthe screws evenly in acriss-crosspattern to avoid bending the speaker frame or stripping the mounting clips.

8 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

9

!! WARNING

Double check the clearance for both speakers before proceeding. Many cars are different from one side to the other!

MIDRANGE INSTALLATION

The midrange drivers should be installed in one of the following ways depending on location:

Factory Location: Follow the same wiring procedures outlined for the woofer installation.

The C5-400cmhas been designed to install, without modifications, into most vehicles that accept a4-inch(100 mm) speaker. Most factory4-inchspeakers use four mounting screws which will line up with the mounting holes on your woofers. In most factory locations, it will be necessary to use the supplied Flush Mount Adaptor Rings as shown in the Diagram E on page 11.

Use the supplied mounting clips unless the factory holes already feature threaded inserts. Hand-tightenthe screws evenly to avoid bending the speaker frame!

Some vehicles which accept a 4-inch(100 mm) speaker use atwo-holemounting system. This can be easily accommodated by breaking off two of the tabs as shown in the diagram at the top of this page. All four mounting tabs are perforated to permit their removal. Bend each unneeded tab back and forth until it breaks off. Please be careful in handling the speaker after breaking off the tabs as there may be sharp edges.

Custom Location: Forcustom-mountedapplications, break off all four mounting tabs and use the supplied Frame Adaptors as shown in the diagrams on page 11. These Frame Adaptors permit for a smaller overall diameter when custom mounting the speakers and must be used in order to install the supplied grilles.

Run speaker wire to the desired mounting locations. If you are running wires into a door, use existing factory wiring boots whenever possible. If you are drilling new holes, file their edges and install rubber grommets into each hole. Wires should then be

covered with a protective, flexible PVC sleeve and then run through the door jamb. Make sure that the wires will clear door hinges and other structures in the door. If you are unsure about any part of this process, please contact your JL Audio dealer for installation help.

Select an even surface. Tightening a speaker onto an uneven surface can damage it. Carefully measure and mark the “mounting hole diameter” outline in the selected location using the dimensions listed on page 2. Before drilling or cutting on your interior panels, use a utility knife to cut any fabric, vinyl or leather from hole locations. These materials can easily be snagged by a drill or a saw, causing damage to the panel and possible bodily injury. Drill a pilot hole in the center of the proposed speaker mounting hole. Then, using a saber saw with an appropriate blade, make the circular cut out for the speaker. File any rough edges.

After cutting the hole, check to see that the speaker frame fits into its mounting hole cleanly. Do not force the frame into a hole that is too small. Once the speaker is in place, use the holes on the speaker’s grille tray to mark the panel where the four mounting screws will be positioned, as shown in Diagram F. Remove the speaker and drill 3/32-inch(2.4 mm) holes at each mark. Insert the #6 mounting clips with the flat side towards the speaker. Connect the speaker wires, observing correct polarity, and secure the frame adaptor, speaker and grille tray to the panel by evenly tightening by hand the provided #6 x 1.25 inch (32 mm) mounting screws. Make sure the midrange driver is secured so that air does not leak around

the mounting flange. Air leaks will cause a severe degradation in sound quality. Seal any air leaks with an automotive-gradesealant material.

Break off small pieces of the supplied butyl adhesive putty and place them on the inside of each grille tray. This adhesive will hold the grille mesh insert in place firmly and prevent rattling. Insert the grille mesh insert into the grille tray, squeezing gently around its edge until it seats firmly into the tray. Finally, attach the self-adhesiveJL Audio logo badge to the grille mesh insert.

You may also choose to install the midrange drivers using the Frame Adaptors with no grille tray. This can be useful for applications where a custom grille is being fabricated and will result in a smaller overall mounting diameter than the standard tab-mountsystem as shown in Diagram G on page 11.

Diagram E: Factory Location Woofer Installation

Diagram F: CUSTOM Location Woofer Installation

Diagram G: CUSTOM Location Woofer Installation

!! WARNING

Hand-tightenthe screws evenly in acriss-crosspattern to avoid bending the speaker frame or stripping the mounting clips.

10 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

11

TWEETER INSTALLATION

First, run speaker wires from the tweeter output of the crossover (see diagrams on page 5) to the desired tweeter mounting locations, observing the same precautions as mentioned in the woofer installation section. Terminate the wires with the supplied 2.8 mm male crimpable connectors.

TWEETER FiXTURE INSTALLATION

The dome tweeters supplied with your C5-653system have been designed for maximum mounting versatility. There are two primary methods by which the tweeters can be mounted in your vehicle:

Flush-Mount: For tweeter integration in a clean, unobtrusive manner, you will use the suppliedflush-mountcups. This compact mounting fixture is installed using the method illustrated in Diagram H and requires a mounting hole with a diameter of 1.50 in. (38.1 mm).

At least 3/4-inch(19 mm) of clearance is required behind the mounting surface of the tweeter for the spring clips and1.18-inchmachine screws used in mounting the fixture. It may be necessary in some limited depth applications to cut down the length of the machine screw, or to use a shorter screw (not supplied).Hand-tightenthe machine screw until the fixture is secure.

Surface-Mount: In this application, you will not need to cut large holes in your vehicle’s panels for the tweeters. You will only need to drill a hole for the wires and two smaller holes for the mounting screws. This application is useful when mounting the tweeters to a panel that has insufficient clearance behind it for the tweeter’s magnet structure.

Using the fixture as a template, mark the screw hole locations and a location in the center of the fixture for the wire hole. Remove the fixture and drill pilot holes for the screws and a 3/32-inch(2.4 mm) for the wires. Use the supplied #6 x1-inchsheet metal screws to secure the fixture as shown in Diagram I(hand-tighten).Run the tweeter’s wires through the hole and insert the tweeter until it snaps into place.

Diagram H: Flush-MountTweeter Installation

Diagram I: SURFACE-MountTweeter Installation

12 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

13

INSTALLATION NOTES

INSTALLATION NOTES

14 | JL Audio - C5-653Owner’s Manual

15

Limited Warranty - Automotive Speaker Systems (USA)

JL AUDIO warrants these speakers (and crossover networks, where applicable) to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year.

This warranty is not transferable and applies only to the original purchaser from an authorized

JL AUDIO dealer. Should service be necessary under this warranty for any reason due to manufacturing defect or malfunction, JL AUDIO will (at its discretion), repair or replace the defective product with new or remanufactured product at no charge. Damage caused by the following is not covered under warranty: accident, misuse, abuse, product modification or neglect, failure to follow installation instructions, unauthorized repair attempts, misrepresentations by the seller. This warranty does not cover incidental or consequential damages and does not cover the cost of removing or reinstalling the unit(s). Cosmetic damage due to accident or normal wear and tear is not covered under warranty.

Any applicable implied warranties are limited in duration to the period of the express warranty as provided herein beginning with the date of the original purchase at retail, and no warranties, whether express or implied, shall apply to this product thereafter. Some states do not allow limitations on implied warranties, therefore these exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.

If you need service on your JL AUDIO product:

All warranty returns should be sent to JL AUDIO freight prepaid through an authorized JL AUDIO dealer and must be accompanied by proof of purchase (a copy of the original sales receipt.) Direct returns from consumers or non-authorizeddealers will be refused unless specifically authorized by JL AUDIO with a valid return authorization number. Warranty expiration on products returned without proof of purchase will be determined from the manufacturing date code. Coverage may be invalidated as this date is previous to purchase date. Return only defective components. If one speaker fails in a system, return only that speaker component, not the entire system.Non-defectiveitems received will be returnedfreight-collect.Customer is responsible for shipping charges and insurance in sending the product to JL AUDIO. Freight damage on returns is not covered under warranty.

For Service Information in the U.S.A. please call JL Audio Customer Service: (954) 443-1100 9:00 AM – 5:30 PM (Eastern Time Zone)

JL Audio, Inc

10369 North Commerce Pkwy.

Miramar, FL 33025

International Warranties:

Products purchased outside the United States of America are covered only by that country’s distributor and not by JL Audio, Inc.

Printed in Germany

C5-653-08132010