Grundig 400 PE User Manual

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WORLD RECEIVER

YACHT BOY 400 PE

 

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NEED HELP?

 

 

QUICK SETUP

CALL OUR SHORTWAVE HOTLINE

 

 

(But please read the rest of the manual later!)

If, after reading this owner’s manual, you need help learning to

 

 

1.

Insert batteries or connect the included AC adaptor.

 

 

 

operate your YACHT BOY 400 PROFESSIONAL EDITION,

 

 

 

call us toll free, Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,

 

2.

Set the DX/LOCAL switch to DX (left side of radio).

PST at:

 

 

 

1-800-872-2228from the U.S.

 

3.

Turn the SSB switch OFF (right side of radio).

1-800-637-1648from Canada

 

 

 

 

OWNER’S RECORD

 

4.

Fully extend the telescopic antenna.

This model is the GRUNDIG YACHT BOY 400 PROFES-

 

5.

With the radio off, press and release the AM button once.

SIONAL EDITION, herin after referred to as the YB400PE.

 

 

 

 

The serial number is located on the sticker inside the battery

 

6.

Immediately press and release theSTEP button.

compartment. Refer to this number whenever you call GRUNDIG

 

regarding this product.

 

 

“10KHz” now appears in the right side of the display, and

 

 

 

 

will disappear in a few seconds. (See page 4 for more

 

 

 

 

information about this procedure.

 

 

 

7.

Turn the radio on by pressing the ON/OFF button.

 

 

 

 

 

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT PAGE

GRUNDIG TOLL-FREEPHONE NUMBER………………………………………………………….............................. 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………………………………………….……………………............................ 2 YOUR RADIOAT-A-GLANCE………………………………………………….…………………….............................3 INITIAL SETUP…………………………………………………………………..……………………............................ 4 SUPPLYING POWER…………………………………………………………….……………………............................ 5 GENERAL RADIO OPERATION………………………………………………..…………………….............................6-8SHORTWAVE RADIO OPERATION…………………………………………...……………………...............................9-10STORING STATIONS INTO MEMORY………………………………………..……………………..............................11-12USING CLOCK, ALARM, AND SLEEP TIMER FEATURES..............................…………………….............................13-14MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SHORTWAVE................................................……………………...............................15-22SIGNLE SIDEBAND (SSB) ANDTWO-WAYCOMMUNICATIONS..............……………………...............................23-27TIME STATIONS..................................................................................................…………………….............................. 26 TECHNICAL INFORMATION............................................................................…………………….............................. 28 INDEX TO THE RADIO’S CONTROLS (buttons, switches, and sockets)............…………………….............................. 29

2

INITIAL SET-UP

 

 

 

 

 

When traveling outside of the Americas, use the same procedure

IMPORTANT!

 

 

 

as above to set the spacing back to 9 kilohertz.

SET-UPFOR NORTH AMERICAN USE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America’s AM stations are exactly 10 kilohertz apart. At

 

ADDITIONAL SET-UPINFORMATION

 

 

the factory, the radio is set up for the 9 kilohertz spacing of

 

1. On the right side of the radio, set the SSB switch to the

stations in Europe. To change this to the 190KHZ spacing:

 

 

OFF position. This feature is described on page 23.

 

 

 

1. With the radio OFF, press and release the AM button

 

NOTE: the FINE TUNING control, on the right side of

 

the radio, is only activated and needed when the

once.

 

 

YB400PE is in the SSB mode. You do not need to use

 

 

 

2. Immediately press and release the STEP button. “10

 

this control when listening to regular AM, FM, and

 

shortwave broadcasts.

KHz” now appears in the right side of the display and will

 

 

 

disappear in a few seconds.

 

On the left side of the radio, set the DX/LOCAL switch to the

 

 

 

This change will be permanently in the radio’s memory as long as

 

DX position. DX allows for maximum sensitivity, the preferred

 

position.

batteries are not taken out for a period of ten minutes or more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

SUPPLYING POWER AND USING EXTERNAL ANTENNAS

 

 

 

 

NOTE: when using the adaptor, it is OK to leave batteries

HOW TO INSTALL BATTERIES

 

 

Install six AA alkaline batteries. Follow the diagram imprinted on

 

 

in the radio.

 

 

the back of the radio near the battery compartment. With the

 

HOW TO USE THE INCLUDED “REEL” ANTENNA AND

radio face down and the battery compartment toward you:

 

THE EXTERNAL ANTENNA SOCKET (left side of the radio)

· The flat ends(-)of the bottom batteries

 

 

The SW EXT. ANT. Socket is for shortwave antennas. Use it

go toward the left.

 

· The flat ends(-)of the top batteries go

 

with the included “reel” antenna. Always fully unroll the “reel”

toward the right.

 

antenna and place it as high off the floor as possible, next to the

 

 

 

windows.

AC ADAPTOR USE

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROFESSIONALLY ENGINEERED ANTENNAS

The Grundig adaptor supplied with this product is only for use in

 

 

 

the Americas, where household AC voltage is 110-120volts AC.

 

Professionally engineered, outdoor shortwave antennas, available

Do not use this adaptor in countries with household AC voltage

 

through specialized retailers, can also be used. Use the SW. EXT

of 220-240volts AC.

 

ANT. Socket mentioned above. The socket is a 1/8 inch mono

 

 

 

socket, used in conjunction with a 1/8 inch mono plug, such as the

USING YOUR GRUNDIG AC ADAPTOR

 

 

plugs often used for mono earphones. If you would like advice

1. Plug the adaptor into a household outlet.

 

 

about shortwave antennas, please call Grundig technical support

2. Insert plug into the radio’s DC 9 V socket.

 

at 1-800-872-2228for U.S. and1-800-637-1648for Canada.

 

 

 

 

5

GENERAL RADIO OPERATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOW TO TURN THE RADIO ON AND OFF

 

 

HOW TO USE THYE WIDE/NARROW SWITCH (left side

Press the ON/OFF button.

 

 

of radio)

 

 

Experiment with this switch and let your ears be your guide.

 

 

 

 

HOW TO LISTEN TO YOUR LOCAL AM STATIONS

 

 

WIDE gives the best audio fidelity;NARROW best minimizes

 

 

 

 

interference from other nearby stations. This switch is used for

1.

On the YB 400PE, the AM broadcast band is called

 

 

AM, shortwave, and longwave listening.

 

medium wave. When you are listening to AM, the letters

 

 

 

 

“MW” appear in the display.

 

 

HOW TO LISTEN TO YOUR LOCAL FM STATIONS

2.

Press the ON/OFF button to turn the radio on.

 

 

1. Press the FM Button.

3.

Press the AM button several times, until MW appears

 

 

 

near the center of the display.

 

 

2. Automatically tune using the AUTO TUNING button.

4.

If “STEP” appears in the display, press the STEP button

 

 

The radio will automatically stop on stations. A quick

 

to choose 10 KHz tuning rate.

 

 

press-and-releasetunesup-frequency;a long press-

5.

Automatically tune using the AUTO TUNING button.

 

 

and-releasetunesdown-frequency.

 

The radio will automatically stop on stations. A quick

 

 

3. Manually tune using the TUNING BUTTONS.

 

press-and-releasetunesup-frequency;a longpress-and-

 

 

 

 

release tunes down-frequency.

 

 

 

6.

Manually tune using the tuning button.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

HOW TO USE THE STEREO/MONO SWITCH (left side of radio).

For true stereo reproduction in FM, select STEREO when you use earphones or headphones. When STEREO is selected, and the broadcast is in stereo, two circles appear above and to the right of the frequency in the display. Use theMONO position whenver reception is poor or marginal.

HOW TO USE THE TONE SWITCH

Experiment and let your ears judge which position, HIGH or LOW, you like best.

DIRECT FREQUENCY ENTRY

If you know the exact frequency of the station you want to hear, directly enter it using the keypad and immediately press theFREQU./METER BUTTON. Pressing the FREQU./METER

button finalizes the entry. Be sure to include the decimal point in FM frequencies. Any kind of frequency may be entered regardless of what kind of frequyency you are presently tuned to, e.g. you can enter an FM frequency even if you are presently in shortwave.

AM STATION EXAMPLE: to tune the frequency 810 kilohertz in the AM band, press 8 1 0 , then press the FREQU./METER button.

FM STATION EXAMPLE: to tune the frequency 105.7 megahertz in the FM band, press 1 0 5 . 7, then press the FREQU./ METER button.Be sure to include the decimal point in FM frequencies.

SHORTWAVE STATION EXAMPLE: to tune the frequency 5975 kilohertz in the shortwave 49 meter band, press 5975 then the FREQU./METER button.

7

HOW TO USE THE STEP BUTTON

In AM (MW), SW, and LW (see below), the STEP button provides selection of the best tuning steps, in kilohertz. This button is not functional in FM. The tuning step rate is indicated in the lower right of the display, e.g. “STEP 5”. Use these guidelines:

AM (MW): 10 KHz in the Americas; 9 KHz outside of the Americas

LW (longwave): 9 KHz for broadcast stations. Note: You will probably not hear any stations in the Americas, as LW is not used for broadcast stations. It is used in Europe and other parts of the world for broadcasts to those areas.

SSB: 1KHz

HOW TO USE THE LOCK BUTTON

When lock is on, the word LOCK appears in the upper right area of the display. Using this feature has no effect on alarm functions.

When the radio is on: Pressing the LOCK button locks all keys except theON/OFF button and theSNOOZE button.

When the radio is off: Pressing the LOCK button locks all keys. This will keep the radio from accidentally turning on when packed in a briefcase, etc. When you want to listen to your radio, pressLOCK and then theON/OFF switch.

HOW TO USE THE AM BUTTON’S LAST STATION MEMORY FEATURE

Pressing the AM button over and over steps through the last station tuned in MW, SW and LW.

HOW TO USE THE VOLUME CONTROL KNOB

Use this to control the loudness of the radio.

HOW AND WHEN TO USE THE RESET FEATURE

If the radio operates erratically, gently poke an opened paper clip into the RESET hole on the front of the radio. Normal operation may be restored. Note that this procedure erases all memories and resets the clock

8

HOW TO LISTEN TO SHORTWAVE STATIONS

If you already know the specific frequency of a shortwave station, enter it, using the direct frequency entry technique described earlier. For a complete list of shortwave frequencies, use the major shortwave publications mentioned on page 22.

Even if you do not know any specific frequencies of shortwave stations, you can find them by going into a shortwave band and tuning around, as described below.

WHAT IS A SHORTWAVE BAND

If you have ever listened to AM or FM radio, then you already know what a band is. The AM band is 530-1600KHz; the FM band is88-108MHz. A band is simply a frequency range where stations are located. When you look for stations in these “bands”, you simply tune around until you find a station you like. Shortwave is similar, and the shortwave bands have names like 25 meters, 31 meters, 49 meters, etc. These are abbreviated 25m, 31m and 49m. Just like in AM and FM radio, one simply gets into the shortwave band and tunes around, looking for stations.

For example, the 19 meter shortwave band encompasses the frequency range of 15100 to 15600 kilohertz. The band chart on the back of the YB400PE shows the frequency range for each band.

HOW TO ENTER A SHORTWAVE BAND

EXAMPLE: To enter the 25 meter band

1.Press 2 5

2.Press the FREQU./METER button.

HOW TO TUNE AROUND IN A SHORTWAVE BAND

AUTO TUNING: The radio will find stations for you within the shortwave band you have entered. In shortwave, this feature only works within the shortwave bands shown on the back of the radio (see the chart titled “SHORTWAVE BAND AUTO TUNING RANGES”).

9

MANUAL TUNING: Use the regular TUNING buttons to go up or down frequency. Be aware that when using manual tuning, it is possible to tune right out of the shortwave band you have entered. You are in the band as long as the band’s number, e.g. 25m, is in the display.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST SHORTWAVE BAND TO TUNE AROUND IN

This information and much more can be found in the section titled MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SHORTWAVE.

SHORTWAVE BAND AUTO TUNING RANGES:

90m: 3200-3400KHz

22m: 13600-13800KHz

80m: 3500-3800KHz

20m: 14000-14350KHz

75m: 3900-4000KHz

19m: 15100-15600KHz

60m: 4750-5060KHz

17m: 18065-18170KHz

49m: 5950-6200KHz

16m: 17550-17900KHz

41m: 7100-7300KHz

15m: 21000-21449KHz

40m: 7000-7099KHz

13m: 21450-21850KHz

31m: 9500-9900KHz

12m: 24890-24990KHz

30m: 10100-10150KHz

11m: 25650-26100KHz

25m: 11650-12050KHz

10m: 28000-29700KHz

10

STORING STATIONS INTO MEMORY

 

 

 

To store a station into memory, you must be tuned to that station.

 

1.

Press 5975

Then you must decide which of the 40 memories to store it into.

 

 

2. Immediately press the FREQU./METERbutton

Follow the easy steps outlined below.

 

 

3.

Press 3 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Immediately press theSTORE button. If the display

HOW TO TELL WHICH MEMORIES ARE EMPTY

 

 

 

 

 

flashes, it means that a frequency is already stored into

·To determine the next available memory, press theFREE

 

 

 

this memory. To overwrite it, immediately press STORE

 

 

again. If you do not want to overwrite it, start over and

button once. The memory number is shown in the lower right

 

 

 

 

use a different memory.

hand corner of the display.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·To see all availably memories, press theFREE button repeat-

 

HOW TO ACCESS WHAT YOU HAVE STORED INTO

 

MEMORY

edly. The empty memory numbers are shown in the lower right

 

 

 

 

 

 

corner of the display.

 

1. To access one specific memory, e.g. memory 25, press 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 then press eitherMEMO button

HOW TO STORE A FREQUENCY INTO MEMORY

 

 

 

 

 

2. To review all filled memories, press either MEMO button

 

 

 

There are 40 memories. Here is a specific example. To store

 

 

repeatedly.

 

3. To scan filled memories, press either MEMO button for

BBC’s evening frequency to North America, 5975 kilohertz, into

 

 

 

about one second, and then release it. Scan starts. To

memory 32, do the following

 

 

 

 

stop scan, press any button.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

HOW TO ERASE THE CONTENTS OF A MEMORY

Enter the memory’s number e.g. 2 5 , then pressFREE twice.

12

USING THE CLOCK, ALARM AND SLEEP TIMER FEATURES

 

 

This can be done with the radio on or off. The YB400PE’s clock

HOW TO CONTROL THE ALARM CLOCK

is a 24 hour clock only, e.g. 6’oclock in the morning will read as

·Press theAUTO button several times while looking at the

6:00; 6 o’clock in the evening will read as 18:00. There are two

clocks, TIME I and TIME II. Select one or the other by pressing

upper left corner of the display.

the TIME 1/2 button. TIME I or TIME II shows in the display at

· The “musical note” symbol wakes you to the radio playing the

top center. Set the time using the examples below.

last station it was set to.

 

· The “bell” symbol wakes you to a beeper sound.

EXAMPLE 1: If it is 06:00 hours press 6 . 0 0, then immediately

· When both symbols disappear and-:—appears,THE

press the TIME 1/2 button.

ALARM IS DEACTIVATED.

 

 

EXAMPLE 2: If it is 15:32 hours press 1 5 . 3 2, then immedi-

HOW TO USE THE ALARM CLOCK’S SNOOZE FEA-

ately press the TIME 1/2 button.

TURE (button on top of radio)

HOW TO SET THE ALARM CLOCK

Once the alarm has activated, you can get 5 minutes more sleep

 

by briefly pressing the SNOOZE button. You can repeat this as

The alarm time is shown in the upper left corner of the display,

many times as you like. By pressing the SNOOZE button for

under “ON TIME,” when the radio is off.

more than 2 seconds, you can completely shut off the alarm.

To set the alarm to activate at 6:30:

1.Press 6 . 3 0 (be sure to include the decimal point)

2.Immediately press and release the ON TIME button.

3.Select the alarm mode using the AUTO button.

13

HOW TO SET THE SLEEP TIMER

Press the SLEEP button over and over. Each press changes the amount of time the radio will play before shutting off automatically, 60 through 0 minutes.

HOW TO USE THE DIAL LIGHT (button on top of radio)

The LIGHT button causes the display to be illuminated. After 10 seconds, or when the LIGHT button is pressed again, the light will go out.

14

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SHORTWAVE

 

 

 

 

 

Listed below are the characteristics of the major shortwave

 

 

time. They assume that we are all either at work or at school, and

 

 

are not able to listen during the day. If you want to try daytime

bands. Follow these guidelines for best listening results. Because

 

 

 

 

listening, use the guidelines below. You will have some success,

shortwave signals depend on such factors as the sun, the iono-

 

 

 

 

but not nearly as good as during the late afternoon and evenings.

sphere and the earth itself, signals cannot be heard on all bands

 

 

 

 

The best bands are BOLD.

 

 

throughout the day. Some bands are best during the daylight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hours, and some are best at night. If the term “band” is new to

 

 

DAYBANDS

CHARACTERISTICS

you, please read the section titled, “WHAT IS A SHORTAVE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAND?” on page 9.

 

 

13m

Results vary. Worth trying.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DAYTIME LISTENING

 

 

16m

Similar to 19m.

 

 

 

Shortwave listening is generally at its poorest during the daylight

 

 

19m

The best daytime band.

hours of about 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The major reason for this is that

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the broadcasters are not transmitting to North America at this

 

 

22m

Similar to 19m (fewer stations).

 

 

 

 

 

 

25m

Best around sunrise/sunset.

 

 

 

31m

Similar to 25m.

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

EVENING/NIGHT LISTENING

This is the best time to listen, because the broadcasters are deliberately transmitting to North America. These bands may be extremely good around sunset and sunrise too. Best bands are BOLD.

NIGHT BANDS

CHARACTERISTICS

19m

Summer Months

22m

Summer Months

25m

Best two hours before/after sunrise/

sunset

 

31m

Good all night everywhere

41m

Good all night in Eastern North America;

 

varies in Western North America

49m

The best night band everywhere

NOTE: Getting close to a window may substantially improve your reception.

The construction materials of some buildings simply do not let signals in very well. Signals penetrate wood frame buildings easiest, while concrete and brick buildings usually block signals. If you are in a building with one or more stories above you, signals can also be impaired in strength. In such a situation, position yourself, and especially the radio’s antenna, as close to a window as possible while listening.

On the following page is a list of the shortwave bands used for international broadcasts and their corresponding frequencies. Since some radios show frequency in megahertz and some in kilohertz, both are shown here. The YB400PE shows shortwave frequencies in kilohertz.

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAND

MEGAHERTZ

KILOHERTZ

 

 

 

 

WHAT IS HEARD ON SHORTWAVE RADIO?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11m

25.67-26.10

25670-26100

 

 

·International foreign broadcasts, many targeting North

 

13m

21.45-21.50

21450-21850

 

 

 

 

 

America

 

16m

17.55-17.90

17550-17900

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19m

15.10-15.60

15100-15600

 

 

·Long distancetwo-wayamateur radio, maritime, and aeronau-

 

22m

13.60-13.80

13600-13800

 

 

 

 

 

ticalcommunications

 

25m

11.65-12.05

11650-12050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31m

9.500-9.900

9500-9900

 

 

 

 

WHAT COUNTRIES ARE HEARD ON SHORTWAVE

 

41m

7.100-7.300

7100-7300

 

 

 

 

 

RADIO?

 

49m

5.950-6.200

5950-6200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60m

4.750-5.060

4750-5060

 

 

The next chart shows some of the countries targeting North

 

75m

3.900-4.000

3900-4000

 

 

 

 

 

America with their broadcasts. Unless otherwise noted, frequen-

 

90m

3.200-3.400

32003400

 

 

 

 

 

cies are for evening listening in North America. Other countries

 

120m

2.300-2.490

2300-2490

 

 

 

 

 

do not deliberately target North America, but can be heard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anyway. Whether or not a country can be heard depends on

 

 

 

 

 

 

many factors, including signal strength, your geographic location,

 

 

 

 

 

 

and the condition of the earth’s ionosphere. Frequencies in

 

 

 

 

 

 

BOLD are mainly used for the country’s native language broad-

 

 

 

 

 

 

cast.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Australia (Radio Australia): 9580, 9860,15365,17795

Austria (Radio Austria International): 6015, 9655

Canada (Radio Canada International): 5960, 6120, 9755

China (China Radio International): 9690, 9780, 11680, 11715, 11840

Cuba (Radio Habana): 6060, 6080, 6180, 9510, 9820

Ecuador (HCJB-voiceof the Andes): 9745, 11925, 12005, 15140

France (Radio France International): 5920, 5945, 9790, 9800

Germany (Deutsche Welle): 5960, 6040, 6045, 6075, 6085,6100, 6120, 6145, 6185, 9515, 9565, 9535, 9640,9545, 9650, 9670, 9700, 9730, 9735, 11705, 11740, 11750,11810, 11865,

13780, 15275, 15410, 17810, 17860

Holland (Radio Nederland) 6020, 6025, 6165, 9590, 9715, 9840, 9895, 11655

Japan (Radio Japan/NHK): 5960, 6025, 9610, 9680, 9725, 11885, 11895, 15230

Russia (Radio Moscow International): 7105, 7115, 7150, 7270, 9750, 9765, 11805, 11840, 12050, 15410, 15425

Taiwan (Voice of Free China): 5950, 9680, 11740, 11855, 15440

United Kingdom (BBC World Service)

Morning: 5965, 6195, 9515, 9740, 11750, 17840 Evening: 5975, 6175, 7325, 9590, 9640, 15260

For fully comprehensive listings of the broadcast schedules of all countries, see the broadcast guides recommended in the section titled SHORTWAVE GUIDES AND MAGAZINES on page 22.

18

IS THERE ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING?

Yes! Many major international broadcasters incorporate English programming.

WHAT IS THE PROGRAM CONTENT LIKE?

This can vary considerably from country to country; however, programming usually consists of world news, local news from the country of origin, news commentary, interview programs, culturally oriented programs, music oriented programs, and even political propaganda.

ARE THE SIGNALS CLEAR?

Often, but not always. Today’s technology has greatly minimized the fading, static and interference that are natural aspects of international broadcast listening.

CAN I HEAR A SPECIFIC COUNTRY?

Yes, if that country is transmitting its signal specifically for listening in your part of the world. Otherwise, it may range from good to impossible.

IF A COUNTRY IS NOT TRANSMITTING ITS SIGNAL SPECIFICALLY FOR RECEPTION IN NORTH AMERICA, IS THERE ANY CHANCE OF RECEIVING IT?

Yes, with detailed research into broadcast time and frequency and patience, it is possible but never guaranteed. A professionally engineered outdoor antenna can make a major difference. Call Grundig technical support for advice on such antennas.

WHAT ELSE CAN AND CANNOT BE HEARD ON SHORTWAVE?

You can hear long distance two-waymarine, aviation, and amateur radio (ham). To receive such communications, an advanced shortwave receiver with single sideband (SSB) capability must be used. The more advanced Grundig radios can do this. Local VHF/UHF air traffic, police, fire, ambulance, and weather services CANNOT be heard. For these, use a VHF/ UHF scanner

19

CAN DISTANT AM/FM BROADCAST STATIONS BE RECEIVED?

FM is strictly for local stations. Daytime AM stations usually have a maximum distance of 50-100miles. At night, AM broadcast signals can sometimes be heard over much greater distances, hundreds of miles away.

HOW IS IT THAT BROADCASTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD CAN BE HEARD ON A SHORTWAVE RADIO?

Shortwave radio can be heard around the world because of the earth’s ionosphere. Think of the ionosphere as a cloud-likelayer enshrouding the earth at an altitude of140-250kilometers (90160) miles). It consists of electrons and ions, the density of which are governed by the sun and the earth’s geomagnetic forces. Radio waves virtually bounce their way around the earth, bouncing off the ionoshpere, back down to earth, often repeating this process several times. The low angles at which this takes place enable the radio waves to travel great distances with each bounce. This whole process is called radio wave deflection and ionospheric propagation.

HOW CAN I DETERMINE IF AN OUTDOOR ANTENNA WILL HELP?

While inside your normal listening environment, tune in a relatively weak shortwave signal. Staying tuned to this signal, step outside and away from your building. If the signal strength increases significantly, an outdoor antenna will help considerably. If there is little or no improvement in signal strength, an outdoor antenna will help; however, the amount of improvement will depend on the type of antenna used. If you have questions about outdoor antennas, call Grundig technical support.

WHAT TIME STANDARD IS USED IN SHORTWAVE BROADCAST SCHEDULES?

Since there are many different time zones around the world, it would be impractical for shortwave broadcasters to give broadcast times for each separate time zone. To simplify matters, they list their broadcast schedules

20

in Coordinated Universal time (UTC), also known as Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), World Time and Zulu Time.

Just what is UTC? It is the time in Greenwich England with no correction for daylight savings time, and is always stated in 24 hour format. In North America, UTC is ahead of our local time, 5 hours EST, 6 hours CST, 7 hours MST, 8 hours PST; one hour less during the months of daylight savings time. So, if a broadcast starts at 20:00 hours UTC, this correlates to 15:00 hours (or 3PM) Eastern Standard Time, and 12:00 hours (Noon) Pacific Standard Time.

To determine Coordinated Universal Time, tune-into a major station, such as BBC London, on the hour. If your shortwave radio tunes to the following frequencies, UTC can be heard each minute on station WWV in Fort Collins Colorado: 20000 KHz, 15000 KHz, 10000 KHz, 5000 KHz and 2500 KHz. Usually, during any time of the day, one or more of these frequencies can be received in North America. UTC can also be heard on the Canadian station CHU, at 3330 KHz, 7335 KHz, and 14670 KHz.

21

SHORTWAVE GUIDES AND MAGAZINES AVAILABLE IN BOOKSTORES

If you cannot find these publications locally, call our toll-freenumber. We will help you find them.

PASSPORT TO WORLD BAND RADIO, International Broadcasting Services, Ltd., Box 300,

Penn’s Park, Pennsylvania 18493. (EASIEST TO USE FOR BEGINNERS). Published annually in early September.

WORLD RADIO TV HANDBOOK

Billboard Publications, Inc., 1515 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10036. Published annually in January.

MONITORING TIMES,

Grove Enterprises, Inc., 140 Dog Branch Road,

Brasstown North Carolina 28902.

Phone (704) 837-9200.Monthly Magazine.

POPULAR COMMUNICATIONS

CQ Communications, Inc., 76 North Broadway,

Hicksville, NY 11801-2953.

Phone (516) 681-2922.Monthly Magazine

COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN SHORTWAVE RADIOS, ACCESSORIES, ANTENNAS, MAGAZINES, BOOKS, ETC.

Call Grundig for Information

22

GETTING STARTED WITH SINGLE SIDEBAND (SSB); MARITIME & AERONAUTICAL WEATHER AND COMMUNICATION FREQUENCIES; HAM RADIO COMMUNICAATION FREQUENCIES; TIME SIGNALS

High end shortwave radios, such as the Grundig YB400PE, have

HOW TO TURN THE SSB FEATURE ON

a feature called SSB, a highly efficient way of electronically

 

 

1.

Slide the SSB switch (right side of radio) to the ON

processing transmitted and received signals for two-waycommu-

 

position.

nication. Examples of this are amateur radio (hams), maritime, and

 

2.

Use the STEP button to select 1 KHz tuning steps.

aeronautical communication. Either upper side band (USB) or

 

“STEP 1” will display in the lower right of the display.

lower side band (LSB) can be used.

 

3. Put the FINE TUNING control knob (right side of the

 

Receiving SSB signals is not always easy. Since this is two-way

 

radio) in its center position.

4.

Use the FIND TUNING control knob to fine tune

communication, transmissions are often very short and sporadic.

 

signals.

Also, most two-waycommunication uses relatively low power, 50

 

 

 

to 1000 watts. The amateur radio operators are easiest to find;

 

 

the others can be very difficult. Signals are also affected by the

 

 

eleven year sunspot cycle. Signals will be poor through 1996 then

 

 

the signals will get continually better until peaking in 2002 when

 

 

reception will be excellent. Overall, very good reception can be

 

 

expected from about 1998-2005.

 

 

Finding SSB signals can be like seeking a “needle in a haystack”,

 

 

so be patient! The easiest place to find SSB communication is at

 

 

night in the amateur band shown below at 3700-4000KHz.

 

 

23

Below are some selected frequency ranges on which SSB communication can be found. All frequencies are shown in Kilohertz.

AMATEUR RADIO

 

AERONAUTICAL (usually USB)

 

MARITIME (usually USB)

3700-4000,LSB, night.

 

2850-3155

 

4063-4438

 

 

3400-3500

 

6200-6525

7150-7300,LSB, night.

 

4650-4750

 

8195-8815

 

 

5480-5730

 

12230-13200

14150-14350,USB, day.

 

6525-6765

 

16360-17410

 

 

8815-9040

 

18780-18900

21150-21450,USB, day.

 

10005-10100

 

19680-19800

 

 

11175-11400

 

22000-22720

 

 

13200-13360

 

25070-25110

 

 

15010-15100

 

 

 

 

17900-18030

 

 

 

 

21870-22000

 

 

 

 

23200-23350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MARITIME SSB WEATHER FREQUENCIES

 

 

 

 

 

(kilohertz; USB; times in UTC/GMT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2670

U.S. Coast Guard

 

6753

CAN: St. John’s NF; each hr + 40 min

 

 

2863

Oakland, CA; 5,10,35,40 min past hr.

 

8722

Ft. Lauderdale, FL;0100, 1300, 2300

 

 

2863

Honolulu., HI; 24 hour

 

8749

Manahawkin, NJ; 1200-2200

 

 

3485

New York, NY; 24 hour

 

8764

U.S. Coast Guard

 

 

4363

Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 0100,1300,2300

 

8764

Virginia: 1130, 1600, 2200, 2330

 

 

4387

Manahawkin, NJ, 1200, 2200

 

8764

Virginia: 1730 UTC

 

 

4402

Inverness, CA; 0000, 1200

 

8761

Virginia: 0400, 0530, 1000

 

 

4426

U.S. Coast Guard

 

8828

Oakland, CA; 5, 10, 35, 40 min past hr.

 

 

4426

Virginia; 0400, 0530, 1000

 

8828

Honolulu, HI; 24 hr.

 

 

5547

USB, Aeronautical

 

8843

USB, Aeronautical

 

 

5733

CAN; Edmtn AB, each hr. + 20 MIN, 2300

 

10051

New York, NY; 24 hr.

 

 

1200

6501 U.S. Coast Guard

 

10051

CAN: Gander NF; 25, 30, 50, 55 min past hr.

 

 

6501

Virginial 1130, 1600, 2200, 2330

 

12382

Oakland, CA; 5, 10, 35, 40 min past hr.

 

 

6501

Virginial 0400, 0530, 1000

 

13083

Inverness, CA; 0000, 1200

 

 

6604

New York, NY; 24 hour

 

13089

U.S. Coast Guard

 

 

6604

CAN; Gander NF; 25, 30, 50, 55 min past hour

 

13089

Virginia: 1130, 1600, 2200, 2330

 

 

6679

Oakland , CA; 5, 10, 35, 40 min. past hr.

 

13089

Virginia: 1730 UTC

 

 

6679

Honolulu, HI; 24 hr.

 

13092

Ft. Lauderdale, FL;0100, 1300, 2300

 

 

6753

CAN: Trenton On; each hr. + 30 min 2300-1200

 

13270

USB, Aeronautical

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25

 

13270

New York, NY; 24 hr.

 

 

13270

CAN: Gander NF: 25, 30, 50, 55 min past hr.

 

13282

Honolulu, HI; 24 hr.

 

 

 

13300

USB, Aeronautical

 

 

 

13345

USB, Aeronautical

 

 

 

15035

CAN: Edmntn AB; each hr + 20 min, 2300-1200

 

15035

CAN: Trenton ON; each hr + 30 min, 1000-0100

 

15035

CAN: St. John’s NF; each hr + 40 min 1200-2300

 

17242

Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 0100, 1300, 2300

 

17314

U.S. Coast Guard

 

 

 

22738

Ft. Lauderdale, FL; 0100, 1300, 2300

 

 

 

 

 

 

TIME STATIONS (not SSB)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHU time (Canada)

 

3330

Best at night

 

CHU time (Canada)

 

7335

Day/Night

 

CHU time (Canada)

 

14670

Best during daylight

 

WWV-time/weather(US)

 

2500

Best at night

 

WWV-time/weather(US)

 

5000

Best at night

 

WWV-time/weather(US)

 

10000

Day/Night

 

WWV-time/weather(US)

 

15000

Best during daylight

 

WWV-time/weather(US)

 

20000

Best during daylight

MARITIME TWO-WAYCOMMUNICATION FREQUENCIES AND CHANNELS

(Frequencies in KHz; channels are in parantheses; usually USB)

Search and Rescue: 2182, 3023, 5680

Survival Craft: 8364

Distress: 4125, (4S) 6215 (6S), 8291 (8S), 12290 (12S), 16420 (16S)

DSC Distress (Digital Selective Calling): 2187.5, 4207.5, 6312, 8414.521, 16804.5

MSI Broadcasts (Marine Safety INfo, TRRY): 4210, 6314, 8416.5, 12579, 16806.5, 19680.5, 22376, 26100.5

Ship to Ship/Shore: 2065, 2079, 2096, 4146 (4A), 4149 (4B), 4417 (4C), 6224 (6A), 6227 (6B), 6230 (6C), 8294 (8A), 8297 (8B), 12353 (12A), 12356 (12B), 12359 (12C), 16428 (16A), 16531 (16B), 16534 (16C), 18840 (18A), 18843 (18B), 18884, 21159 (21B), 22162 (22C), 22165 (22D), 22168 (22E), 22171, 25115, 25118

26

AMATEUR RADIO MARITIME

3815

Caribbean

3930

Puerto Rico weather

3964

East Coast waterway net

3968

West Coast AM/PM marine nets

7233

Recreational vehicle service net

7237

Carribbean maritime mobile net

7238

Baja maritime West Coast net; 8AM

7264

East Coast Waterway Net

7294

AM/PM West Coast mariner’s net;

 

8AM, 7PM

8294, 12359, 2100

UTC, weather

14313

24 hr. maritime mobile help; 8PM Hawaii

 

net

14340

West Coast “Manana” net; 11AM

21402

PM maritime mobile nets; 3PM

28333

Gordon West net

GETTING MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SSB COMMUNICATION

Please contact Grundig by phone. We will guide you to resources such as companies with excellent catalogs full of shortwave

accessories, including books on SSB communication. Among the accessories are a variety of professionally engineered shortwave antennas which will significantly improve signal strengths and reception.

MONTHLY MAGAZINES WITH SSB RELATED INFORMATION AND ARTICLES:

These magazines are available from bookstores and magazine displays.

MONITORING TIMES,

Grove Enterprises, Inc., 140 Dog Branch Road,

Brasstown North Carolina 28902.

Phone (704) 837-9200.Monthly Magazine.

POPULAR COMMUNICATIONS

CQ Communications, Inc., 76 North Broadway,

Hicksville, NY 11801-2953.

Phone (516) 681-2922.Monthly Magazine

27

TECHNICAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BATTERY REQUIREMENTS

 

 

TUNING STEPS

 

Six AA batteries (alkaline for best results)

 

 

AM (MW):

1 KHz / 9 KHz / 10 KHz

 

 

 

FM:

50 KHz

 

AC ADAPTOR

 

 

SW:

1 KHz / 5 KHz

 

Output of 9 volts DC, negative polarity (tip negative); 300

 

 

LW:

1 KHz / 9 KHz

 

 

 

 

 

 

millampere current capability; coaxial plug outer diameter of 5.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCIES

 

millimeter, inner diameter of 2.1 millimeter. NOTE: Using a plug

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tip diameter smaller than 5.5 millimeter may not cut off voltage to

 

 

FM:

 

10.7 MHz

the battery compartment and can cause batteries to overheat,

 

 

AM (MW), SW, LW:

55.85 MHz, 455 KHz

leak and destroy circuits. This will void the warranty.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AUDIO OUTPUT POWER:

 

EARPHONE/HEADSET SOCKET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

600milliwatts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Standard earphones/headphones with stereo plug, 3.5 millime-

 

 

 

 

 

ters or 1/8 inch.

 

 

FREQUENCY RANGES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXTERNAL ANTENNA SOCKET:

 

 

AM (MW):

520-1710KHz @ 10 KHz steps;

 

 

 

 

527-1606KHz @ 9 KHz STEPS

3.5 millimeter or 1/8 mono plug.

 

 

FM:

87.5-108MHz

 

 

 

 

LW:

144-351KHz

 

 

 

 

SW:

1600-30000KHz(1.6-30MHz)

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

INDEX TO THE RADIO’S CONTROLS (batteries, switches & sockets).

CONTROL

 

PAGE

 

 

CONTROL

 

PAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AM BUTTON

 

4, 6, 8

 

 

RESET hole

 

8

AUTO button

 

13

 

 

SLEEP button

 

14

AUTO TUNING button

 

6, 9, 10

 

 

SNOOZE

 

8, 13, 14

DC 9V socket

 

5

 

 

SSB - ON/OFF switch

 

23

DX/LOCAL switch

 

1, 4

 

 

STEP button

 

4, 6, 8, 23

EARPHONE socket

 

7, 28

 

 

STEREO/MONO switch

 

7

FINE TUNING knob

 

4, 23

 

 

STORE button

 

11

FM button

 

6

 

 

SW EXT.ANT. Socket

 

1, 5

29