GMC SIERRA 2002 User Manual

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2002 GMC Sierra

Owner's Manual

Litho in U.S.A.

ECopyright General Motors Corporation 06/18/01

Part Number X2215 A First Edition

All Rights Reserved

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GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, GMC, the GMC Truck Emblem and the name SIERRA are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.

This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name ªGeneral Motors of Canada Limitedº for GMC whenever it appears in this manual.

Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be there if you ever need it when you're on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new owner can use it.

We support voluntary technician certification.

For Canadian Owners Who Prefer a

French Language Manual:

Aux propriétaires canadiens: Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire de ce guide en français chez votre concessionaire ou au:

Helm, Incorporated

P.O. Box 07130

Detroit, MI 48207

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How to Use this Manual

Many people read their owner's manual from beginning to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If you do this, it will help you learn about the features and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you'll find that pictures and words work together to explain

things quickly.

Safety Warnings and Symbols

You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.

CAUTION:

These mean there is something that could hurt you or other people.

In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don't, you or others could be hurt.

You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this book. This safety symbol means ªDon't,º ªDon't do thisº or ªDon't let this happen.º

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Vehicle Damage Warnings

Also, in this book you will find these notices:

NOTICE:

These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle.

In the notice area, we tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the damage.

When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different words.

You'll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.

Vehicle Symbols

Your vehicle may be equipped with components and labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text describing the operation or information relating to a

specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.

If you need help figuring out a specific name of a component, gage or indicator reference the following topics in the Index:

DªEngine Compartment Overviewº

DªInstrument Panelº

DªComfort Controlsº

DªAudio Systemsº

Also see ªWarning Lights and Gagesº in the Index.

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These are some examples of vehicle symbols you may find on your vehicle:

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Model Reference

This manual covers these models:

Regular Cab Pickup

Extended Cab Pickup

Crew CabR

Chassis Cab

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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

Here you'll find information about the seats in your vehicle and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.

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Seats and Seat Controls

 

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Rear Seat Passengers

 

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Safety Belts: They're for Everyone

 

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Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children

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Here Are Questions Many People Ask About

 

 

and Small Adults

 

Safety Belts -- and the Answers

 

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Children

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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly

 

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Restraint Systems for Children

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Driver Position

 

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Older Children

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Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy

 

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Safety Belt Extender

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Right Front Passenger Position

 

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Checking Your Restraint Systems

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Air Bag System

 

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Replacing Restraint System Parts

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Center Passenger Position

 

 

After a Crash

 

 

 

 

 

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Seats and Seat Controls

This section tells you about the seats -- how to adjust them, and fold them up and down. It also tells you about reclining front seatbacks and head restraints.

Manual Front Seat

CAUTION:

You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver's seat while the vehicle is moving. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you don't want to. Adjust the driver's seat only when the vehicle is not moving.

If your vehicle has a manual bucket or a split bench seat, you can adjust it with this lever located at the front of the seat.

Lift the lever to unlock the seat. Using your body, slide the seat to where you want it, and release the lever. Try to move the seat with your body to make sure the seat is locked into place.

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Manual Lumbar Control (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has a lumbar adjustment, the knob is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.

To increase or decrease support, turn the knob toward the front or rear of the vehicle. Operating effort can be reduced if you lean forward slightly while turning the knob.

Power Seat(s) (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has a power seat, you can adjust it with these controls located on the outboard sides of the seats.

DRaise or lower the front of the seat cushion by raising or lowering the forward edge of the horizontal control.

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DMove the seat forward or rearward by moving the whole horizontal control forward or rearward.

DRaise or lower the rear of the seat cushion by raising or lowering the rear edge of the horizontal control.

DMoving the whole horizontal control up or down raises or lowers the entire seat cushion.

If your vehicle has power reclining seats, you can use the vertical control to adjust the angle of the seatback. Move the reclining front seatback rearward or forward by moving the control toward the rear or the front of the vehicle. See ªReclining Seatbacksº in the Index for further information.

Power Lumbar Control (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, the four-waycontrol is located on the outboard side of the seat.

To increase or decrease support, press and hold the front or rear of the control. Let go of the control when the lower seatback reaches the desired level of support.

You can also reshape the side wing area of the lower seatback for more lateral support. To increase or decrease support, press and hold the top or bottom of the control. Let go of the control when the lower seatback reaches the desired level of support.

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Memory Seat (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, the buttons used to program and recall the driver's seat and recliner position are located on the driver's door trim panel.

It does not store the lumbar or back support positions.

To program the memory seat, do the following:

1.Adjust the driver's seat to the desired position.

2.Then press the SET button and, within five seconds, press one of the two numbered buttons on the memory control.

To recall your setting, put the vehicle in PARK (P) and press the number you chose.

To program the seat position for a second driver, follow the preceding steps, but press the other number on the memory control.

Heated Front Seats (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, the button used to control the driver's heated seat is located on the driver's door panel. The button used to control the passenger's heated seat is located on the passenger's door panel.

To activate the heated seats, press the button once for the HI heat setting. Press the button again for the LO heat setting. To turn off the heated seats, press the button a third time. An indicator light will illuminate for each heat setting anytime the heated seats are operating.

The ignition must be in RUN for this feature to operate.

The heated front seats will be canceled after the ignition is turned to OFF. If you still want to use the heated front seat feature after you restart your vehicle, you will need to press the heated seat button again.

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Reclining Seatbacks

To adjust the front seatback, lift the manual lever located on the outboard side of the seat. Release the lever to lock the seatback where you want it. Lift the lever again without pushing on the seatback and the seatback will go to an upright position.

If your vehicle has power seats with a power recliner, see ªPower Seatsº in the Index for further information on how to operate the reclining seatback feature.

But don't have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.

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CAUTION:

Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can't do their job when you're reclined like this.

The shoulder belt can't do its job. In a crash, you could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.

The lap belt can't do its job either. In a crash the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.

For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.

Head Restraints

Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of your head. This position reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.

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On some models, the head restraints tilt forward and rearward also.

The rear seat head restraints in your vehicle may be adjustable. They work the same as the front seat head restraints, except they do not tilt forward or rearward.

Seatback Latches

CAUTION:

If the seatback isn't locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always press rearward on the seatback to be sure it

is locked.

The seatbacks fold forward to let you access the rear of the cab.

To fold a front seatback forward, lift the lever at the base of the seat to release the seatback.

The lever is located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.

To return the seatback to the upright position, push the seatback rearward until it latches. After returning the seatback to its upright position, push and pull on the seatback to make sure it is locked.

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Rear Seat (Extended Cab)

Folding the Rear Seat

The extended cab's rear seat can be folded up to provide more cargo space. To fold the seat do the following:

1. Pull forward on the release strap located under the rear seat cushion.

2.Fold the seat cushion upward until it latches with the seatback.

3.Push and pull on the seat to make sure the seat is secure.

The extended cab's rear seat can also be folded open for more seating space. To use the seat do the following:

1.Push rearward on the seat cushion while pulling up on the release strap under the seat cushion. Pull the seat cushion downward until it latches.

2.After pulling the seat cushion down, pull up on it to make sure it is locked.

Rear Seat (Crew Cab)R

The second row rear seat has a 60/40 split seat. Either side of the rear seat may be folded down to give you more cargo space.

Before folding the rear seat on the driver's side, insert the two buckles into the retainer in the seatback. That way, the buckles will be out of the way when the seat is folded and will be available for passengers to use when the seat is returned to the passenger position. Also, make sure that nothing is under or in front of the seat and that the head restraints are completely lowered.

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To fold the rear seat, do the following:

1. Pull up on the strap loop at the rear of the seat cushion. Then, pull the seat cushion up and fold it forward.

2.After folding the seat cushion fully forward, pull the seatback forward and fold the seatback down until it is flat. If the seatback cannot fold flat because it interferes with the cushion, try moving the front seat forward and/or bringing the front seat more upright. The lever at the base of the seat must be turned rearward to release the seatback.

To return the seat to the passenger position do the following:

1.Lift the seatback up and push it rearward all the way.

2.Lower the seat cushion until it latches into position.

3.Pull forward on the seatback and up on the seat cushion to make sure the seat is securely in place.

Check to see that the buckles on the driver's side seatback are accessible to the outboard and center occupant and are not under the seat cushions.

Safety Belts: They're for Everyone

This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.

And it explains the air bag system.

CAUTION:

Don't let anyone ride where he or she can't wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and you're not wearing a safety belt, your injuries can be much worse. You can hit things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash, you might not be if you are buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your passengers' belts are fastened properly too.

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CAUTION:

It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a safety belt properly.

Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder to buckle up. See ªSafety Belt Reminder Lightº in the Index.

In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here's why: They work.

You never know if you'll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don't know if it will be a bad one.

A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so serious that even buckled up a person wouldn't survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt

or killed.

After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter ... a lot!

Why Safety Belts Work

When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.

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Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it's just a seat

Put someone on it.

on wheels.

 

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Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider doesn't stop.

The person keeps going until stopped by something.

In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...

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or the instrument panel ...

or the safety belts!

 

With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.

 

You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,

 

and your strongest bones take the forces. That's why

 

safety belts make such good sense.

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Here Are Questions Many People Ask About Safety Belts -- and the Answers

Q: Won't I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I'm wearing a safety belt?

A: Youcould be-- whether you're wearing a safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you're upside down. And your chance of being conscious during and after an accident, so youcan unbuckle and get out, ismuch greater if you are belted.

Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to wear safety belts?

A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of them in the future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they workwith safety belts-- not instead of them. Every air bag system ever offered for sale has required the use of safety belts. Even if you're in a vehicle that has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. That's true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and other collisions.

Q: If I'm a good driver, and I never drive far from home, why should I wear safety belts?

A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you're in an accident-- even one that isn't your fault-- you and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver doesn't protect you from things beyond your control, such as bad drivers.

Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph (65 km/h).

Safety belts are for everyone.

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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly

Adults

This part is only for people of adult size.

Be aware that there are special things to know

about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will

be riding in your vehicle, see the part of this manual called ªChildren.º Follow those rules for everyone's protection.

First, you'll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.

We'll start with the driver position.

Driver Position

This part describes the driver's restraint system.

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The driver has a lap-shoulderbelt. Here's how to wear it properly.

1.Close and lock the door.

2.Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see how, see ªSeatsº in the Index.

3.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don't let it get twisted.

The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

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4.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If the belt isn't long enough, see ªSafety Belt Extenderº at the end of this section.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

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Q: What's wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It won't give nearly as much protection this way.

CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

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Q: What's wrong with this?

CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.

A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.

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Q: What's wrong with this?

CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt goes over an armrest like this. The belt would be much too high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt. The belt force would then be applied at the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that could cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt goes under the armrests.

A: The belt is over an armrest.

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Q: What's wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.

CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which aren't as strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure internal organs like your liver or spleen.

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Q: What's wrong with this?

CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you wouldn't have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.

A: The belt is twisted across the body.

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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.

Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle.

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy

Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don't wear safety belts.

A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.

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The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it's more likely that the fetus won't be hurt in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.

Right Front Passenger Position

To learn how to wear the right front passenger's safety belt properly, see ªDriver Positionº earlier in this section.

The right front passenger's safety belt works the same way as the driver's safety belt -- except for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and start again.

Air Bag System

This part explains the air bag system.

Your vehicle has air bags -- one air bag for the driver and another air bag for the right front passenger.

Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job and comply with federal regulations.

Here are the most important things to know about the air bag system:

CAUTION:

You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if you aren't wearing your safety belt -- even if you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work with safety belts, but don't replace them. Air bags are designed to work only in moderate to severe crashes where the front of your vehicle hits something. They aren't designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear orlow-speedfrontal crashes, or in many side crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants, air bags may provide less protection in frontal crashes than more forceful air bags have provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety belt properly-- whether or not there's an air bag for that person.

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CAUTION:

Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If you're too close to an inflating air bag, as you would be if you were leaning forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in position before and during a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even

with air bags. The driver should sit as far back as possible while still maintaining control of the vehicle.

CAUTION:

Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for adults, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle's safety belt system nor its air bag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide. Always secure children properly in your vehicle. To read how, see the part of this manual called ªChildren.º

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There is an air bag readiness How the Air Bag System Works light on the instrument

panel, which shows the air bag symbol.

The system checks the air bag electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See ªAir Bag Readiness Lightº in the Index for more information.

Where are the air bags?

The driver's air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.

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The right front passenger's air bag is in the instrument panel on the passenger's side.

CAUTION:

If something is between an occupant and an air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it might force the object into that person causing severe injury or even death. The path of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don't put anything between an occupant and an air

bag, and don't attach or put anything on the steering wheel hub or on or near any other air bag covering.

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When should an air bag inflate?

An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcrash. The air bag will inflate only if the impact speed is above the system's designed ªthreshold level.º If your vehicle goes straight into a wall that doesn't move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation would not help the occupant.

In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air bag should have inflated simply because of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or near-frontalimpacts.

The air bag system is designed to work properly under a wide range of conditions, including off-roadusage. Observe safe driving speeds, especially on rough terrain. As always, wear your safety belt. SeeªOff-RoadDrivingº in the Index for more tips onoff-roaddriving.

What makes an air bag inflate?

In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the right front passenger.

How does an air bag restrain?

In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant's upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags would not help you in many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts, primarily because an occupant's motion is not toward those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts,

and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions.

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What will you see after an air bag inflates?

After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the steering wheel hub for the driver's air bag, or the instrument panel for the right front passenger's

bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn't prevent the driver from seeing or from being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.

CAUTION:

When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you have breathing problems but can't get out of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a window or door.

In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag, windshields are broken by vehicle deformation. Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the right front passenger air bag.

DAir bags are designed to inflate only once. After they inflate, you'll need some new parts for your air bag system. If you don't get them, the air bag system won't be there to help protect you in another crash. A new system will include air bag modules and possibly other parts. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.

DYour vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which records information about the air bag system. The module records information about the readiness of the system, when the system commands air bag inflation and driver's safety belt usage at deployment. The module also records speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.

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DLet only qualified technicians work on your air bag system. Improper service can mean that your

air bag system won't work properly. See your dealer for service.

NOTICE:

If you damage the covering for the driver's or the right front passenger's air bag, the bag may not work properly. You may have to replace the air bag module in the steering wheel or both the air bag module and the instrument panel for the right front passenger's air bag. Do not open or break the air bag coverings.

Air Bag Off Switch (Regular Cab and

Extended Cab Models)

If your vehicle is a regular cab model or an extended cab model, it has a switch on the instrument panel that you can use to turn off the right front passenger's air bag.

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This switch should only be turned to AIR BAG OFF if the person in the right front passenger's position is a member of a passenger risk group identified by the national government as follows:

Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat because:

Dmy vehicle has no rear seat;

Dmy vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facinginfant seat; or

Dthe infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant's physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front seat so that the driver can constantly monitor the child's condition.

Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat because:

Dmy vehicle has no rear seat;

Dalthough children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front because no space is available in the rear seat(s) of my vehicle; or

Dthe child has a medical condition which, according to the child's physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so that the driver can constantly monitor the child's condition.

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Medical Condition. A passenger has a medical condition which, according to his or her physician:

Dcauses the passenger air bag to pose a special risk for the passenger; and

Dmakes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash greater than the potential harm from turning off the air bag and allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or windshield

in a crash.

CAUTION:

If the right front passenger's air bag is turned off for a person who isn't in a risk group identified by the national government, that person won't have the extra protection of an air bag. In a crash, the air bag wouldn't be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there. Don't turn off the passenger's air bag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group.

To turn off the right front passenger's air bag, insert your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the switch to AIR BAG OFF.

The AIR BAG OFF light will come on to let you know that the right front passenger's air bag is off. The right front passenger's air bag will remain off until you turn it back on again, and the AIR BAG OFF light will stay on to remind you that the air bag is off.

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CAUTION:

If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when you have turned off the air bag, it means that something may be wrong with the air bag system. The right front passenger's air bag could inflate even though the switch is off.

If your vehicle is a regular cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in your vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.

If your vehicle is an extended cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger's seat) until you have your vehicle serviced.

To turn the right front passenger's air bag on again, insert your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the switch to the on position.

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Servicing Your Air Bag-EquippedVehicle

Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced. There are parts of the air bag system in several places around your vehicle. You don't want the system to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system. To purchase a service manual, see ªService and Owner Publicationsº in the Index.

CAUTION:

For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air bag can still inflate during improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an air bag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape or yellow connectors. They are probably part of the air bag system. Be sure to follow proper service procedures, and make sure the person performing work for you is qualified to do so.

The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.

Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-EquippedVehicle

Q: If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to the front of my vehicle, will it keep the air bags from working properly?

A: As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle's basic structure isn't changed, it's not likely to keep the air bags from working properly in a crash.

Q: Is there anything I might add to the front of the vehicle that could keep the air bags from working properly?

A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle's frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or height, they may keep the air bag system from working properly. Also, the air bag system may not work properly if you relocate any of the air bag sensors. If you have any questions about this, you should contact Customer Assistance before you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this manual. See ªCustomer Satisfaction Procedureº in the Index.

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Q: What if I add a snow plow? Will it keep the air bags from working properly?

A: We've designed our air bag systems to work properly under a wide range of conditions, including snow plowing with vehicles equipped with the optional Snow Plow Prep

Package (RPO VYU). But don't change or defeat the snow plow's ªtripping mechanism.º If you do, it can damage your snow plow and your vehicle, and it may cause an air bag inflation.

Center Passenger Position

Lap Belt

If your vehicle has front and rear bench seats, someone can sit in the center positions.

When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.

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Rear Seat Passengers

It's very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.

Rear passengers who aren't safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.

Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions

(Extended Cab and Crew Cab)

To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until the belt is snug.

Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a lap-shoulderbelt. If the belt isn't long enough, see ªSafety Belt Extenderº at the end of this section.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

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Lap-ShoulderBelt (Extended Cab and Crew Cab)

The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulderbelts. Here's how to wear one properly.

1.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Don't let it get twisted. The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

2.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.

When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way, it will lock. If it does, let it go back all the way and start again.

If the belt is not long enough, see ªSafety Belt Extenderº at the end of this section.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

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3.To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

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The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or a crash.

The safety belt also locks if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.

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Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for

Children and Small Adults

If your vehicle has a rear seat, your vehicle has shoulder belt comfort guides. This feature will provide added safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions the belt away from the neck and head.

There is one guide for each outside passenger in the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for children who have outgrown child restraints and for smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed on the shoulder belts. Here's how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:

1. Remove the guide from its storage clip on the interior body.

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2.Place the guide over the belt and insert the two edges of the belt into the slots of the guide.

3.Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat. The guide must be on top of the belt.

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4.Buckle, position and release the safety belt as described in ªRear Seat Passenger Positions (Extended Cab and Crew Cab)º earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the shoulder.

To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the belt edges together so that you can take them out of the guides. Slide the guide onto the storage clip.

Children

Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes infants and all other children. Neither the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle.

Infants and Young Children

Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles, they should have the protection provided by the appropriate restraint. Young children should not use the vehicle's safety belts, unless there is no other choice.

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CAUTION: (Continued)

For example, in a crash at only 25 mph

(40 km/h), a 12-lb.(5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a240-lb.(110 kg) force on a person's arms. A baby should be secured in an appropriate restraint.

CAUTION:

People should never hold a baby in their arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn't weigh much -- until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.

CAUTION: (Continued)

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CAUTION:

Children who are up against, or very close to, any air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer outstanding protection for adults and older children, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle's safety belt system nor its air bag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide.

Q: What are the different types ofadd-onchild restraints?

A: Add-onchild restraints, which are purchased by the vehicle's owner, are available in four basic types. Selection of a particular restraint should take into consideration not only the child's weight, height and age but also whether or not the restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will be used.

For most basic types of child restraints, there are many different models available. When purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

The restraint manufacturer's instructions that come with the restraint state the weight and height limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition, there are many kinds of restraints available for children with special needs.

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CAUTION:

Newborn infants need complete support, including support for the head and neck. This is necessary because a newborn infant's neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facingseat settles into the restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part of an infant's body, the back and shoulders. Infants always should be secured in appropriate infant restraints.

CAUTION:

The body structure of a young child is quite unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom the safety belts are designed. A young child's hip bones are still so small that the vehicle's regular safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the child's abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply force on a body area that's unprotected by any bony structure. This alone could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young children always should be secured in appropriate child restraints.

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Restraint Systems for Children

An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant's head rests toward the center of the vehicle.

A rear-facinginfant seat (B) provides restraint with the seating surface against the back of the infant. The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.

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A forward-facingchild seat(C-E)provides restraint for the child's body with the harness and also sometimes with surfaces such asT-shapedorshelf-likeshields.

A booster seat (F-G)is a child restraint designed to improve the fit of the vehicle's safety belt system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and somehigh-backbooster seats have afive-pointharness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.

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Q: How do child restraints work?

A: A child restraint system is any device designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children. Abuilt-inchild restraint system is a permanent part of the motor vehicle. Anadd-onchild restraint system is a portable one, which is purchased by the vehicle's owner.

For many years, add-onchild restraints have used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be secured within the restraint. The vehicle's belt system secures theadd-onchild restraint in the vehicle, and theadd-onchild restraint's harness system holds the child in place within the restraint.

One system, the three-pointharness, has straps that come down over each of the infant's shoulders and buckle together at the crotch. Thefive-pointharness system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip straps.

A T-shapedshield has shoulder straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the child's body. A shelf- orarmrest-typeshield has straps that are attached to a wide,shelf-likeshield that swings up or to the side.

When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury. When securing an add-onchild restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.

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Where to Put the Restraint (Regular Cab Pickup)

The child restraint must be secured properly in the right front passenger seat. If you want to secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger's seat, turn off the passenger's air bag. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº and ªSecuring a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Positionº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger's air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Be sure to turn off the air bag before using arear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle -- even when no child is in it.

Where to Put the Restraint (Extended Cab Pickup)

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General Motors, therefore, recommends that child restraints be secured in the rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat. There is limited space in the rear seating area of an extended cab model. If you want to secure a child restraint in a rear seating position of an extended cab model, especially in the rear center position, be sure to study the instructions that came with your child restraint to see if there is enough room to secure your seat properly.

If a forward-facingchild seat must be secured in the vehicle's right front seat, the seat should be moved back as far as possible. However, it is better to secure the restraint in a rear seat.

If you want to secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger's seat, turn off the passenger's air bag. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº and ªSecuring a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Positionº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

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CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger's air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Be sure to turn off the air bag before using arear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position.

Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.

Where to Put the Restraint (Crew Cab Pickup)

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General Motors, therefore, recommends that child restraints be secured in the rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.

If a forward-facingchild seat must be secured in the vehicle's right front seat, the seat should be moved as far back as possible. However, it is better to secure the restraint in a rear seat.Never put arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger seat. Here's why:

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CAUTION:

A child riding in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger's air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure arear-facingchild restraint in the rear seat.

You may secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, but before you do, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It's better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.

Top Strap

Some child restraints have a top strap, or ªtop tether.º It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision. For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to

the vehicle. Some top strap-equippedchild restraints are designed for use with or without the top strap being anchored. Others require the top strap always to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap be anchored, don't use the restraint unless it is anchored properly.

If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints. Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.

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Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the same side of the vehicle as the seating position where the child restraint will be placed. Raise the head restraint and route the top strap under it.

Once you have the top strap anchored, you'll be ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer's instructions say.

In Canada, the law requires that forward-facingchild restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be anchored.

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Right Front Passenger Position Top Strap Anchor

(All Models)

You'll find the top strap anchor for the right front passenger seat behind the seat, near the floor.

If your vehicle is a regular cab model, there is also a top strap anchor for the right front passenger position located on the back panel of your vehicle, behind the right front passenger seat. In order to get to the anchor, you'll have to remove the trim plug covering it.

Once you have the top strap anchored, you'll be ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer's instructions say.

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Rear Seat Top Strap Anchors (Extended Cab Models)

If your vehicle is an extended cab model, you'll find the top strap anchors for the rear seating positions near the top of the seatback. In addition to the top strap anchors, each seating position has a fabric loop at the top of the seatback that you'll use to route a top strap through.

When using a child restraint with a top strap in either rear outboard position, raise the head restraint and route the top strap through the fabric loop on the seatback. Then, attach the top strap to the anchor point at the center rear seating position.

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Rear Seat Top Strap Anchors (Crew Cab Models)

When using a child restraint with a top strap in the center rear position, route the top strap through the fabric loop on the seatback. Then, raise the head restraint and attach the top strap to the anchor point located at the closest outboard position.

Once you have the top strap anchored, you'll be ready to secure the child restrain itself. Tighten the top strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer's instructions say.

If your vehicle is a Crew Cab model, you'll find top strap anchors for the rear seating positions located on the back panel of your vehicle, behind the rear seat.

In order to get to the brackets, you'll have to remove the trim plugs covering them.

There are also anchorage points at the rear base of the front passenger's seat.

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Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH System) (If Equipped)

Your vehicle may have the LATCH system. If it does, you'll find anchors (A) in the seat, where the seatback meets the seat cushion. For front passenger seat positions, there is an anchor behind and to the bottom of the seat to secure the top strap. For rear center seat positions, there is an anchor near the driver's side rear seat head restraint.

To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child restraint system, each seating position with the LATCH system will have a visible metal anchor point in the seat where the seatback meets the seat cushion.

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In order to use the system, you need either a forward-facingchild restraint that has attaching points (B) at its base and a top tether anchor (C), or a

rear-facingchild restraint that has attaching points (B), as shown here.

With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the vehicle's safety belts to secure a child restraint.

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CAUTION:

If a LATCH-typechild restraint isn't attached to its anchorage points, the restraint won't be able to protect a child sitting there. In a crash, the child could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure that aLATCH-typechild restraint is properly installed using the anchorage points, or use the vehicle's safety belts to secure the restraint. See ªSecuring a Child Restraint in the Center Rear Seat Position (Extended Cab and Crew Cab)º or ªSecuring a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Positionº in the Index for information on how to secure a child restraint in your vehicle using the vehicle's safety belts.

Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System

1.Find the anchors for the seating position you want to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.

2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Attach the anchor points on the child restraint to the anchors in the vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.If the child restraint is forward-facing,attach the top strap to the top strap anchor. See ªTop Strapº in the Index. Tighten the top strap according to the child restraint instructions.

5.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top strap from the top tether anchor and then disconnect the anchor points.

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Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear

Outside Seat Position (Extended Cab

and Crew Cab)

There is limited space in the rear seating area of an extended cab model. If you want to secure a child restraint in a rear outside seating position, be sure to study the instructions that came with your child

restraint to see if there is enough room to secure your seat properly.

You'll be using the lap-shoulderbelt. See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Put the restraint on the seat.

2.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how. If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child's face or neck, put it behind the child restraint.

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3.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

4.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

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5.To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor while you push down on the child restraint. If you're using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

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Securing a Child Restraint in the Center

Securing a Child Restraint in the Center

Front Seat Position

Rear Seat Position (Extended Cab and

 

Crew Cab)

Don't use child restraints in this position. The restraints won't work properly.

If you have an extended cab or a Crew Cab pickup, you can secure a child restraint in the center rear seat position.

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There is limited space in the rear seating area of an extended cab model. If you want to secure a child restraint in a rear seating position of an extended cab model, especially in the rear center position, be sure to study the instructions that came with your child restraint to see if there is enough room to secure your seat properly.

You'll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say. See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one.

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see ªLower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH)º in the Index.

1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it along the belt.

2. Put the restraint on the seat.

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3.Run the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push

down on the child restraint. If you're using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

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Securing a Child Restraint in the Right

Front Seat Position

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see ªLower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH)º in the Index.

Crew Cab Models: Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never put arear-facingchild restraint in this seat. Here's why:

CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger's air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure arear-facingchild restraint in the rear seat.

Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat.

Regular Cab and Extended Cab Models: Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. There's a switch on the instrument panel that you can use to turn off the right front passenger's air bag when you want to secure a rear-facingchild restraint at the right front passenger's position. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

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CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger's air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Be sure to turn off the air bag before using arear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position. If aforward-facingchild restraint is suitable for your child, always move the passenger seat as far back as it will go.

Although a rear seat is a safer place, you can secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat.

CAUTION:

If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when you have turned off the air bag, it means that something may be wrong with the air bag system. The right front passenger's air bag could inflate even though the switch is off.

If your vehicle is a regular cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in your vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index.

If your vehicle is an extended cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger's seat) until you have your vehicle serviced. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index.

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You'll be using the lap-shoulderbelt. See the earlier part about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Your vehicle has a right front passenger's air bag. If your vehicle is a regular cab or an extended cab and you are using a rear-facingchild restraint in this seat, make sure the air bag is turned off. See ªAir Bag Off

Switchº in the Index. If your child restraint is forward-facing,always move the seat as far back as it will go before securing it in this seat. See ªSeatsº in the Index.

2.Put the restraint on the seat.

3.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child's face or neck, put it behind the child restraint.

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

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5.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

6.To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor while you push down on the child restraint. If you're using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

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To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle's safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

If you were using a rear-facingchild restraint in a regular cab pickup or an extended cab pickup, turn on the right front passenger's air bag when you remove therear-facingchild restraint from the vehicle unless the person who will be sitting there is a member of a passenger air bag risk group. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index.

CAUTION:

If the right front passenger's air bag is turned off for a person who isn't in a risk group identified by the national government, that person won't have the extra protection of an air bag. In a crash, the air bag wouldn't be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there. Don't turn off the passenger's air bag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

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Older Children

Older children who have outgrown booster seats should wear the vehicle's safety belts.

If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can wear a lap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.

Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?

A: If possible, an older child should wear alap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen, which could cause severe or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear seat.

In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety belts properly.

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CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here two children are wearing the same belt. The belt can't properly spread the impact forces. In a crash, the two children can be crushed together and seriously injured. A belt must be used by only one person at a time.

Q: What if a child is wearing alap-shoulderbelt, but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child's face or neck?

A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child's shoulder, so that in a crash the child's upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see ªRear Safety Belt Comfort Guidesº in the Index.

If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child's face or neck, you might want to place the child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.

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CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a lap-shoulderbelt, but the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in a crash the child might slide under the belt. The belt's force would then be applied right on the child's abdomen. That could cause serious or fatal injuries.

Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the child's thighs. This applies belt force to the child's pelvic bones in a crash.

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Safety Belt Extender

If the vehicle's safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it.

But if a safety belt isn't long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It's free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you. The extender will be just for you, and just for the seat in your vehicle that you choose. Don't let someone else use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.

Checking Your Restraint Systems

Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.

Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.

Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.)

Replacing Restraint System Parts

After a Crash

If you've had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH system parts?

After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.

If the LATCH system was being used during a more severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.

If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system wasn't being used at the time of the collision.

If an air bag inflates, you'll need to replace air bag system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in this section.

1-73

NOTES

1-74

Section 2 Features and Controls

Here you can learn about the many standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting, shifting and braking. Also explained are the instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.

2-2

Windows

2-41

Parking Your Vehicle

2-5

Keys

2-42

(Manual Transmission Models Only)

2-7

Door Locks

Parking Over Things That Burn

2-12

Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)

2-42

Engine Exhaust

2-15

Rear Doors

2-43

Running Your Engine While You're Parked

2-16

Tailgate

2-44

(Automatic Transmission)

2-17

Theft

Manual Selectable Ride (If Equipped)

2-19

Content Theft-Deterrent(If Equipped)

2-45

Locking Rear Axle (If Equipped)

2-20

PasslockR

2-45

Four-WheelDrive (If Equipped)

2-21

New Vehicle ªBreak-Inº

2-56

t

2-21

Ignition Positions

QUADRASTEER (4WS) (If Equipped)

2-59

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever

2-24

Starting Your Engine

2-66

Exterior Lamps

2-25

Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)

2-71

Interior Lamps

2-27

Automatic Transmission Operation

2-73

Mirrors

2-32

Manual Transmission Operation

2-90

R

2-37

Parking Brake

OnStar System (If Equipped)

2-94

The Instrument Panel - Your

2-38

Shifting Into PARK (P)

2-96

Information System

2-41

(Automatic Transmission Only)

Instrument Panel Cluster

Shifting Out of PARK (P)

2-98

Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators

 

(Automatic Transmission Only)

2-115

Message Center

 

 

 

 

2-1

Windows

CAUTION:

Leaving children in a vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous. A child can be overcome by the extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never leave a child alone in a vehicle, especially with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.

Manual Windows

Turn the hand crank on each door to manually raise or lower the manual windows.

2-2

Power Windows (If Equipped)

If your vehicle is equipped with power windows, the controls are located on each of the side doors in the front and rear.

The driver's door has a switch for the passenger window as well. Your power windows will work when the ignition has been turned to ACCESSORY or RUN or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See ªRetained Accessory Powerº in the Index.

Press the top or bottom of the switch with the power window symbol on it to lower or raise the window.

Express-DownWindow

The driver's window also has an express down feature that allows the window to be lowered without holding the switch. Press and hold the rear of the window switch for one second to activate the express down mode. The express down mode can be canceled at any time by pressing the opposite side of the switch. To open the window partway, lightly tap the switch until the window is at the desired position.

2-3

Lock-OutSwitch

If you have power windows on a Crew CabR, the driver's door power window switch has a lockout feature. This feature prevents all windows from operating, except from the driver's position, when the driver's door button labeled WINDOW LOCK is engaged. When the button is not engaged, the rear power windows will operate.

Swing-OutWindows (Extended Cab)

To open a rear swing-outwindow, flip the latch open and swing the glass out.

The latch will catch when the window is fully open and it will also hold it in the open position.

2-4

Keys

CAUTION:

Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition key is dangerous for many reasons. A child or others could be badly injured or even killed.

They could operate the power windows or other controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't leave the keys in a vehicle with children.

2-5

Your vehicle has one double-sidedkey for the ignition and all door locks.

Your vehicle may also have a key that locks and unlocks only the center floor console (if equipped).

If you ever lose your keys, your dealer will be able to assist you with obtaining replacements.

NOTICE:

Your vehicle has a number of new features that can help prevent theft. But you can have a lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock your key inside. You may even have to damage your vehicle to get in. So be sure you have an extra key.

If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, call the GM Roadside Assistance Center. See ªRoadside Assistanceº in the Index. If your vehicle is equipped with the OnStar system with an active subscription and you lock your keys inside the vehicle, OnStar may be able to send a command to unlock your vehicle. See ªOnStarº in the Index for more information.

2-6

Door Locks

CAUTION:

Unlocked doors can be dangerous.

DPassengers -- especially children-- can easily open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle won't open it. You increase the chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors aren't locked. So, wear safety belts properly and lock the doors whenever you drive.

DYoung children who get into unlocked vehicles may be unable to get out. A child can be overcome by extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle whenever you leave it.

DOutsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can help prevent this from happening.

There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.

You can use the keyless entry system (if equipped).

You can also use your key.

To lock the door from the inside, slide the

lever rearward. To unlock the door, slide the

lever forward.

2-7

Power Door Locks (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this power door lock switch, press the raised side of the switch, marked L, on either front door to lock all the doors at once.

Press the recessed side of the switch marked U to unlock all the doors at once.

2-8

If your vehicle has this power door lock switch, press the bottom of the switch on either front door to lock all the doors at once.

Press the top of the switch to unlock all the doors at once.

The power door locks will operate at any time even when the ignition is off.

The power door locks will also automatically lock when the vehicle is out of PARK (P), or for manual transmission, when the vehicle reaches 15 mph

(24 km/h). To unlock the doors, refer to the instructions listed previously. The automatic locking feature can be disabled, if you prefer. See ªProgrammable Automatic Door Locksº in the following text.

Operating the power locks may interact with the theft-deterrentsystem (if equipped). See ªContentTheft-Deterrentºin the Index.

Programmable Automatic Door Locks

(If Equipped)

If your vehicle has power door locks, it is equipped with a feature that enables you to program the door locks.

Your vehicle left the factory programmed to automatically lock all doors when the vehicle is out of PARK (P), and all doors unlock when the vehicle is in PARK (P). You can set the automatic door lock feature to unlock the doors you select once the vehicle is in PARK (P).

If your vehicle has a manual transmission it left the factory programmed to lock all doors when the vehicle speed is greater than 15 mph (24km/h) for two seconds, and unlock all doors once the key is removed from the ignition. You can set the automatic door lock feature to unlock the doors you select once the key is removed from the ignition.

The following instructions detail how to program your door locks.

To enter the program mode you need to do the following:

1.Beginning with the ignition in OFF. Pull back on the turn signal/multifunction lever all the way toward you until flash-to-passis activated, and hold it while you perform the next step.

2.Turn your key to RUN and OFF twice. Then, with the key in OFF, release the turn signal/multifunction lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock mechanism lock and unlock.

3.You are now ready to program the automatic door locks. Select one of the following four programming options and follow the instructions. You will have thirty seconds to complete programming. If you exceed the thirty-secondlimit, the locks will automatically lock and unlock to indicate you have left the program mode. If this occurs, repeat the procedure beginning with Step 1. You can exit the program mode any time by turning the ignition to RUN (the locks will automatically lock and unlock to indicate you are leaving the program mode.)

If the lock/unlock switches are not pressed while in the programming mode, the automatic lock/unlock setting will not be modified.

2-9

The following is a list of the available programming options:

DAll doors lock/Only the driver's door unlocks:

Press the lock side of the power door lock switch on the door panel once and then the unlock side once.

DAll doors lock/All doors unlock: Press the lock side of the power door lock switch on the door panel once, and then the unlock side twice.

DAll doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the lock side of the power door lock switch on the door panel once, and then the unlock side three times.

DNo doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the lock side of the power door lock switch on the door panel twice. This turns off the automatic lock feature.

For more information, see your dealer.

Lockout Prevention

To protect you from locking your key in the vehicle, this feature stops the power door locks from locking when the key is in the ignition and a door is open.

If the power lock switch is pressed when a door is open and the key is in the ignition, all of the doors will lock and then the driver's door will unlock.

2-10

Child Security Locks (Crew Cabs)

(If Equipped)

With this feature, you can lock the rear side doors so that they cannot be opened from the inside by passengers.

Your vehicle may have one of the two child security lock labels shown. This feature is located on the inside edge of the rear doors.

Move the lever forward to engage the security feature. Move the lever rearward to return the door locks to normal operation.

2-11

Keyless Entry System (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlock your doors from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 100 feet (30 m) away using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with your vehicle.

Your keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of

the device.

Changes or modifications to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:

DCheck the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy or snowy weather.

DCheck the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.

DCheck to determine if battery replacement or resynchronization is necessary. See the instructions that follow.

DIf you're still having trouble, see your dealer or a qualified technician for service.

2-12

Operation

UNLOCK: Pressing this button once will unlock the driver's door. The parking lamps will flash and the interior lights will come on. Pressing UNLOCK again within three seconds will cause the remaining doors to unlock. The parking lamps will flash and the interior lights will come on.

LOCK: Pressing this button once will lock all of the doors. Press LOCK again within three seconds and the horn will chirp.

Operating the keyless entry transmitter may interact with the theft-deterrentsystem. SeeªContent-TheftDeterrentº in the Index.

Remote Panic Alarm

When the panic button with the horn symbol on the keyless entry transmitter is pressed, the horn will sound and the headlamps and taillamps will flash for up to

30 seconds. This can be turned off by pressing the panic button again, waiting for 30 seconds, or starting the vehicle.

Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle

Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four transmitters matched to it.

2-13

Battery Replacement

Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless entry transmitter should last about two years.

You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won't work at the normal range in any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works, it's probably time to change the battery.

NOTICE:

When replacing the battery, use care not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body transferred to these surfaces may damage

the transmitter.

To replace the battery in the keyless entry transmitter, do the following:

1.Insert a dime, or similar object, in the slot between the covers of the transmitter housing near the key ring hole. Remove the bottom by twisting the dime.

2.Remove and replace the battery with a three-voltCR2032 or equivalent battery, positive (+) side up.

3.Align the covers and snap them together.

4.Resynchronize the transmitter.

5.Check the operation of the transmitter.

2-14

Resynchronization

Resynchronization may be necessary due to the security method used by this system. The transmitter does not send the same signal twice to the receiver. The receiver will not respond to a signal that has been sent previously. This prevents anyone from recording and playing back the signal from the transmitter.

To resynchronize your transmitter, stand close to your vehicle and press and hold the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the transmitter at the same time for seven seconds. The door locks should cycle to confirm synchronization. If the locks do not cycle, see your dealer for service.

Rear Doors

Your vehicle may be equipped with a rear access door(s) that allows easier access to the rear area of the extended cab.

To open a rear access door from the outside, first open the front door. Then, use the handle located on the front edge of the rear access door to open it.

You must fully close a rear access door before you can close the front door.

2-15

To open a rear access door from the inside, the front door must be opened first. Then, use the handle located on the inside of the rear access door to open it.

If your vehicle is a Crew Cab, you can open your doors from the inside or outside. Your vehicle may also have a feature which prevents children from opening the rear doors. See ªChild Security Locksº in the Index for more information.

Tailgate

You can open the tailgate by lifting up on its handle while pulling the tailgate toward you.

To shut the tailgate, firmly push it upward until it latches.

After you put the tailgate back up, pull it back towards you to be sure it latches securely.

2-16

Tailgate Removal

The tailgate on your vehicle can be removed to allow for different loading situations. Although the tailgate can be removed without assistance, you may want someone to assist you with the removal to avoid possible damage to the vehicle.

To remove the tailgate, do the following:

1. Raise the tailgate slightly and release both retaining cable clips. To release the retaining cable clips, lift the cable so it points straight out and push the cable

clip forward.

2. With the tailgate at a slight upward angle, pull back on the tailgate at the right edge and then move the tailgate to the right to release the left edge.

Reverse the above procedure to reinstall. Make sure the tailgate is secure.

Theft

Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrentfeatures, we know that nothing we put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you can help.

2-17

Key in the Ignition

If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it's an easy target for joy riders or professional thieves -- so don't do it.

When you park your vehicle and open the driver's door, you'll hear a chime reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this. If you have a manual transmission, your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your ignition. If you have an automatic transmission, your ignition and transmission will be locked. Also remember to lock the doors.

If the key is in the ignition, with any door open, and you try to lock your doors with the power door locks, the driver's door will not stay locked. This will help to keep you from locking your keys in the vehicle.

Parking at Night

Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight. Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.

Parking Lots

Even if you park in a lot where someone will be watching your vehicle, it's still best to lock it up and take your keys. But what if you have to leave your ignition key? What if you have to leave something valuable in your vehicle?

DPut your valuables in a storage area, like your glove box.

DIf your vehicle has a remote keyless entry system, take the transmitter with you.

DLock all the doors except the driver's.

2-18

Content Theft-Deterrent

(If Equipped)

Your vehicle may be equipped with a Content Theft-Deterrentalarm system.

With this system, the SECURITY message will flash as you open the door if the ignition is off.

This message reminds you to activate the theft-deterrentsystem. Here's how to do it:

1.Open the door.

2.Lock the door with the power door lock switch or the remote keyless entry transmitter. The SECURITY message should come on and stay on. If using the remote keyless entry transmitter, the door does not need to be open.

3.Close all doors. The SECURITY message should go off after approximately 15 seconds. The alarm is not armed until the SECURITY message goes off.

If a door is opened without the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter, the alarm will go off. Your vehicle's headlamps will flash and the horn will sound for about two minutes, then will turn off to save the battery power.

Remember, the theft-deterrentsystem won't activate if you lock the doors with a key or use the manual door lock. It activates only if you use a power door lock switch with the door open, or with the remote keyless entry transmitter. You should also remember that you can start your vehicle with the correct ignition key if the alarm has been set off.

Here's how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:

DIf you don't want to activate the theft-deterrentsystem, the vehicle should be locked with the door keyafter the doors are closed.

DAlways unlock a door with a key, or use the remote keyless entry transmitter. Unlocking a door any other way will set off the alarm if the system has been armed.

If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door with the key. You can also turn off the alarm by pressing UNLOCK on the remote keyless entry transmitter or by placing the key in the ignition and turning it to START.

2-19

Testing the Alarm

The alarm can be tested by following these steps:

1.From inside the vehicle, lower the driver's window and open the driver's door.

2.Activate the system by locking the doors with the power door lock switch while the door is open, or with the remote keyless entry transmitter.

3.Get out of the vehicle, close the door and wait for the SECURITY message to go out.

4.Then reach in through the window, unlock the door with the manual door lock and open the door. This should set off the alarm.

If the alarm does not sound when it should but the vehicle's headlamps flash, check to see if the horn works. The horn fuse may be blown. To replace the fuse, see ªFuses and Circuit Breakersº in the Index.

If the alarm does not sound or the vehicle's headlamps do not flash, the vehicle should be serviced by an authorized service center.

PasslockR

Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock theft-deterrentsystem.

Passlock is a passive theft-deterrentsystem. Passlock enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.

If the engine stalls and the SECURITY message flashes, wait until the light stops flashing before trying to restart the engine. Remember to release the key from START as soon as the engine starts.

If the engine is running and the SECURITY message comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the engine off. However, your Passlock system is not working properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock at this time. You may also want to check the fuse (see ªFuses and Circuit Breakersº in the Index). See your dealer for service.

In an emergency, call the GM Roadside Assistance Center. See ªRoadside Assistanceº in the Index.

2-20

New Vehicle ªBreak-Inº

NOTICE:

Your vehicle doesn't need an elaborate ªbreak-in.ºBut it will perform better in the long run if you follow these guidelines:

DKeep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first 500 miles (805 km).

DDon't drive at any one speed -- fast or slow-- for the first 500 miles (805 km). Don't makefull-throttlestarts.

DAvoid making hard stops for the first

200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time your new brake linings aren't yet broken in. Hard stops with new linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-inguideline every time you get new brake linings.

DDon't tow a trailer during break-in.See ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index for more information.

Ignition Positions

With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn it to five different positions.

A (ACCESSORY): This position allows you to use things like the radio, power windows and the windshield wipers when the engine is off. Push in the key and turn it toward you.

2-21

B (LOCK): This position locks your ignition and transmission. It's atheft-deterrentfeature. You will only be able to remove your key when the ignition is turned to LOCK.

CAUTION:

On manual transmission vehicles, turning the key to LOCK will lock the steering column and result in a loss of ability to steer the vehicle. This could cause a collision. If you need to turn the engine off while the vehicle is moving, turn the key only to OFF. Don't press the key release button while the vehicle is moving.

NOTICE:

If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you can't turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with your hand. Using a tool to force it could break the key or the ignition switch. If none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.

C (OFF): This position lets you turn off the engine. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if your vehicle is being pushed).

D (RUN): This is the position for driving.

E (START): This position starts your engine.

2-22

Key Release Button (Manual Transmission)

The ignition key cannot be removed from the ignition of manual transmission vehicles unless the key release button is used.

To remove the key on manual transmission vehicles, turn the key to OFF, then press the button and turn the key to LOCK. Do not hold the button in while turning the key to OFF. Pull the key straight out.

Retained Accessory Power (RAP)

(If Equipped)

Your vehicle may be equipped with a Retained Accessory Power (RAP) feature which will allow certain features on your vehicle to continue to work up to 20 minutes after the ignition key is turned to OFF.

Your radio, power windows and overhead console will work when the ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from RUN to OFF, these features will continue to work for up to 20 minutes or until a door is opened.

2-23

Starting Your Engine

Automatic Transmission

Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine won't start in any other position -- that's a safety feature. To restart when you're already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.

NOTICE:

Don't try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.

Manual Transmission

The gear selector should be in neutral and the parking brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the floor and start the engine. Your vehicle won't start if the clutch pedal is not all the way down -- that's a safety feature.

Starting Your V8 Engine

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm.

NOTICE:

Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to

be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about

15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging your starter.

2.If it doesn't start within 10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you hold the ignition key in START. When the engine starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.

2-24

When starting your engine in very cold weather (below 0_F or-18_C),do this:

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START and hold it there up to

15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key.

2.If your engine still won't start (or starts but then stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the floor and holding it there as you hold the key in START for about three seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal down for five or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from

the engine.

NOTICE:

Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical parts or accessories, you could change the way the engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment, check with your dealer. If you don't, your engine might not perform properly.

Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)

In very cold weather, 0_F(-18_C)or colder, the engine coolant heater can help. You'll get easier starting and better fuel economy during enginewarm-up.Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.

At temperatures above 32_F (0_C), use of the coolant heater is not required.

2-25

To Use the Engine Coolant Heater

1.Turn off the engine.

2.Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The cord is located on the driver's side of the engine compartment, near the power steering fluid reservoir.

3.Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-voltAC outlet.

CAUTION:

Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded three-prong110-voltAC outlet. If the cord won't reach, use aheavy-dutythree-prongextension cord rated for at least 15 amps.

4.Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug

and store the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving engine parts. If you don't, it could be damaged.

How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your dealer in the area where you'll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area.

2-26

Automatic Transmission Operation

If your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transmission, it features an electronic shift position indicator within the instrument panel cluster. This display must be powered anytime the shift lever is capable of being moved out of PARK (P). This means that if your key is in OFF, rather than LOCK, there will be a small current drain on your battery which could discharge your battery over a period of time. If you have to leave your key in the ignition in OFF for an extended period, it is recommended that you remove the IGN 0 fuse from the instrument panel fuse block. See ªFuses and Circuit Breakersº in the Index.

There are several different positions for your shift lever.

2-27

PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It's the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle can't move easily. If your vehicle is equipped with the AllisonR Transmission, use park for stationary operation of the Power Takeoff (PTO) (if equipped).

CAUTION:

It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.

Don't leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won't move, even when you're on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

If you have four-wheeldrive, your vehicle will be free to roll-- even if your shift lever is in PARK (P)-- if your transfer case is in NEUTRAL. So, be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear,two-wheelhigh (2H) orfour-wheelhigh (4H) orfour-wheellow (4L)-- not in NEUTRAL. See ªShifting Into PARK (P)º in the Index.

See ªShifting Into PARK (P)º in the Index.

If you're pulling a trailer, see ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index.

2-28

REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up. If your vehicle is equipped with the Allison Transmission, the R may blink on the PRNDL if the shift inhibitor

is active.

NOTICE:

Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage your transmission. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped. If your vehicle is equipped with the Allison Transmission, do not idle in REVERSE (R) for more than five minutes. Extended idling in REVERSE (R) may cause transmission overheating and damage. Always select PARK (P) whenever idle time exceeds

five minutes.

To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission, see ªStuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snowº in the Index.

NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn't connect with the wheels. To restart when you're already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.

CAUTION:

Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is ªracingº (running at high speed) is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your vehicle could move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or objects. Don't shift out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.

NOTICE:

Damage to your transmission caused by shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine racing isn't covered by your warranty.

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DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and you're:

DGoing less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your accelerator pedal about halfway down.

DGoing about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all the way down.

You'll shift down to the next gear and have more power.

DRIVE (D) can be used when towing a trailer, carrying a heavy load, driving on steep hills or for off-roaddriving. You may want to shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts too often.

NOTICE:

If your vehicle is equipped with the Allison Transmission, do not idle in DRIVE (D) for more than five minutes. Extended idling in DRIVE (D) may cause transmission overheating and damage. Always select PARK (P) if idle time is longer than five minutes.

If your vehicle is equipped with the Allison Transmission, it will initially attain first range when DRIVE (D) is selected. As vehicle speed increases, the transmission will upshift automatically through each available range up to FIFTH (5). As the vehicle slows, the transmission will downshift automatically.

THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving, however it offers more power and lower fuel economy than DRIVE (D).

SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes off and on.

If you manually select SECOND (2) in a light duty automatic transmission, the transmission will drive in second gear. You may use this feature for reducing the speed of the rear wheels when you are trying to start your vehicle from a stop on slippery road surfaces.

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FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the selector lever is put in FIRST (1) while the vehicle is moving forward, the transmission won't shift into first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.

NOTICE:

If your rear wheels can't rotate, don't try to drive. This might happen if you were stuck in very deep sand or mud or were up against a solid object. You could damage your transmission.

Also, if you stop when going uphill, don't hold your vehicle there with only the accelerator pedal. This could overheat and damage the transmission. Use your brakes or shift into PARK (P) to hold your vehicle in position

on a hill.

On cold days, approximately 32_F (0_C) or colder, your transmission is designed to shift differently until the engine reaches normal operating temperature. This is intended to improve heater performance.

Tow/Haul Mode Selector Button

(Automatic Transmission)

Your vehicle is equipped with a tow/haul mode. The selector button is located on the end of the column shift lever. You can use this feature to assist when towing or hauling a heavy load. See ªTow/Haul Modeº in the Index for more information.

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Manual Transmission Operation

Five-Speed(VORTEC 6000 V8 Engine)

Here's how to operate your transmission.

FIRST (1) is intended only for heavy loads or trailer towing and is not recommended for normal driving.

During the first 500 miles (805 km) of vehicle use, start your vehicle moving in FIRST (1). This allows clutch components to break-inproperly.

FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. Shift into FIRST (1) only when the vehicle is below 5 mph (8 km/h). If you try to shift down into FIRST (1) at excessive vehicle

speeds, the shift lever will not move into FIRST (1) until vehicle speed is reduced.

SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal and shift into SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

You can shift into SECOND (2) when you're going less than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you've come to a complete stop and it's hard to shift into SECOND (2), put the shift lever into NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into SECOND (2). If you try to downshift into SECOND (2) at excessive vehicle speeds, the shift lever will not move into the SECOND (2) position until the vehicle speed is reduced.

THIRD (3): Press the clutch pedal and shift into THIRD (3). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

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FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into the higher forward gears the same way you do for THIRD (3). Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to NEUTRAL.

NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle your engine.

REVERSE (R): To back up, first press down the clutch pedal. Wait for the vehicle to stop moving and then, shift into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal.

NOTICE:

Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped. Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving could damage your transmission.

Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, when turning off your engine and parking your vehicle.

Five-Speed(VORTEC 4300 V6 and

4800 V8 Engines)

Here's how to operate your transmission:

FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

You can shift into FIRST (1) when you're going less than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you've come to a complete stop and it's hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift lever into NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into FIRST (1).

SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up on the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5) the same way you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to NEUTRAL.

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NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle your engine.

REVERSE (R): To back up, first press down the clutch pedal. Wait for the vehicle to stop moving and then, shift into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal.

NOTICE:

Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped. Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving could damage your transmission.

Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, when turning off your engine and parking your vehicle.

Six-Speed(VORTEC 8100 V8 and

DURAMAXt 6600 V8 Engines)

Here's how to operate your transmission.

This six-speedpattern is unique to GM manual transmissions. The transmission always repositions the shift lever to NEUTRAL, which is located between FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5) gear.

To prevent unintentional gear selections, additional force is required to move the shift lever into REVERSE (R) or FIRST (1). Use FIRST (1) when

trailer towing, driving with payload in the pickup box or launching on a grade. Otherwise, start in SECOND (2) gear. Only shift into FIRST (1) when the vehicle has stopped moving.

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During the first 500 miles (805 km) of vehicle use, start the vehicle moving in FIRST (1) gear. This allows the clutch components to wear-inproperly.

FIRST (1): With the vehicle at a stop, release the brake, press the clutch pedal and shift into FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. Only downshift into FIRST (1) when the vehicle has come to a complete stop. If the shift lever will not go into FIRST (1), put the lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch pedal to fully engage the clutch. Press the clutch pedal again. Then, shift into FIRST (1).

SECOND (2): With the vehicle at a stop, release the brake, press the clutch pedal and shift into SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. With the vehicle moving, press the clutch pedal and upshift into SECOND (2) from

FIRST (1) while applying light pressure to the right on the shifter. Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal. If you come to a complete stop and the shift lever will not go into SECOND (2), put the lever in NEUTRAL and let up on the clutch pedal to fully engage the clutch. Press the clutch pedal again. Then, shift into SECOND (2).

THIRD (3): Press the clutch pedal and upshift into THIRD (3). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

FOURTH (4), FIFTH (5) and SIXTH (6): Upshift into the higher forward gears the same way as you do THIRD (3). Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle your engine.

REVERSE (R): To back up, press the clutch pedal. Wait for the vehicle to stop moving and then, shift to REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal. Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, when turning off your engine and parking your vehicle.

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Shift Speeds

CAUTION:

If you skip a gear when you downshift, you could lose control of your vehicle. You could injure yourself or others. Don't shift down more than one gear at a time when you downshift.

Do not allow the engine rpm to overspeed and enter the tachometer red lines. Engine overspeed occurs when downshifting, or descending a grade, at too high a vehicle speed. When going down steep grades, always select a gear at least one position lower than you would use on climbing a grade. This will allow the vehicle's engine to provide some braking and help to slow the vehicle as it goes down the grade. Monitor your vehicle speed, acceleration and engine rpm while applying the brakes as you go down the grade to ensure you have complete control over the vehicle.

If your engine speed drops below 600 rpm, or if the engine is not running smoothly, you should downshift to the next lower gear. When operating on slippery surfaces, downshift at lower than normal vehicle speeds to prevent the tires from slipping.

In bench seat equipped vehicles, move the tallest beverage containers to the right cupholder to provide additional clearance for the shift lever.

For vehicles equipped with a center console, the front cup holder pulls out and turns 180_ to provide additional clearance between tall beverage containers and the shift lever.

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Shift Light

If you have a manual transmission, you may have a SHIFT light. This light will show you when to shift to the next higher gear for best fuel economy.

When this light comes on, you can shift to the next higher gear if weather, road and traffic conditions allow. For the best fuel economy, accelerate slowly and shift when the light comes on.

While you accelerate, it is normal for the light to go on and off if you quickly change the position of the accelerator.

If your vehicle has four-wheeldrive and is equipped with a manual transmission, disregard the SHIFT light when the transfer case is in4-WheelLow.

Ignore the SHIFT light when you downshift.

Parking Brake

To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake pedal with your left foot.

If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will flash. A chime will activate when the parking brake is applied and the vehicle is moved at least 3 mph (5 km/h) for at least three seconds.

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To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the bottom edge of the lever, located above the parking brake pedal, marked BRAKE RELEASE, to release the parking brake.

If the ignition is on when the parking brake is released, the brake system warning light will go off.

NOTICE:

Driving with the parking brake on can cause your rear brakes to overheat. You may have to replace them, and you could also damage other parts of your vehicle.

If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill, see ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index.

Shifting Into PARK (P)

(Automatic Transmission Only)

CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won't move, even when you're on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow. With four-wheeldrive if your transfer case is in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will be free to roll, even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear-- not in NEUTRAL. If you're pulling a trailer, see ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index.

1.Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking brake.

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2.Move the shift lever into PARK (P) position like this:

D Pull the shift lever toward you.

D Move the lever up as far as it will go.

3.Be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear -- not in NEUTRAL (N).

4.Turn the ignition key to LOCK.

5.Remove the key and take it with you. If you can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).

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Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine

Running (Automatic Transmission Only)

CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the engine running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. If you have four-wheeldrive with a manual transfer case shift lever and your transfer case is in NEUTRAL, your vehicle will be free to roll, even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear-- not in NEUTRAL. And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could overheat and even catch fire. You or others could be injured. Don't leave your vehicle with the engine running unless you have to.

If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and the parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you move the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn't fully locked into PARK (P).

Torque Lock (Automatic Transmission)

If you are parking on a hill and you don't shift your transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called ªtorque lock.º To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver's seat. To find out how, see ªShifting Into

PARK (P)º in the Index.

When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.

If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).

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Shifting Out of PARK (P)

(Automatic Transmission Only)

If your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock control system, you have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in RUN. See ªAutomatic Transmissionº in the Index.

If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then, move the shift lever into the gear you want.

If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can't shift out of PARK (P), try this:

1.Turn the key to the OFF ignition position.

2.Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.

3.Shift the vehicle to NEUTRAL (N).

4.Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear you want.

5.Have the system fixed as soon as you can.

Parking Your Vehicle

(Manual Transmission Models Only)

CAUTION:

Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll even if the manual transmission is in gear. You or someone else could be seriously injured. Be sure to set the parking brake before placing the transfer case in NEUTRAL. See ªParking Brakeº in the Index.

Before you get out of your vehicle, move the shift lever into REVERSE (R), and firmly apply the parking brake. Once the shift lever has been placed into REVERSE (R) with the clutch pedal pressed in, you can turn the ignition key to OFF, remove the key and release

the clutch.

If you are parking on a hill, or if you are pulling a trailer, see ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index.

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Parking Over Things That Burn

CAUTION:

Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don't park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that can burn.

Engine Exhaust

CAUTION:

Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you can't see or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.

You might have exhaust coming in if:

DYour exhaust system sounds strange or different.

DYour vehicle gets rusty underneath.

DYour vehicle was damaged in a collision.

DYour vehicle was damaged when driving over high points on the road or over road debris.

DRepairs weren't done correctly.

DYour vehicle or exhaust system had been modified improperly.

If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your vehicle:

DDrive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO; and

DHave your vehicle fixed immediately.

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Running Your Engine While You're

Parked (Automatic Transmission)

It's better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.

CAUTION:

Idling the engine with the climate control system off could allow dangerous exhaust into your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under ªEngine Exhaust.º

Also, idling in a closed-inplace can let deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if the fan is at the highest setting. One place this can happen is a garage. Exhaust-- with

CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a garage with the engine running.

Another closed-inplace can be a blizzard. See ªBlizzardº in the Index.

CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Don't leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you've left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle won't move, even when you're on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).

Four-wheeldrive vehicles with the transfer case in NEUTRAL will allow the vehicle to roll, even if your shift lever is in PARK (P). So, be sure the transfer case is in a drive gear-- not in NEUTRAL. Always set your parking brake.

Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won't move. See ªShifting Into PARK (P)º in the Index.

If you're pulling a trailer, see ªTowing a Trailerº in the Index.

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Manual Selectable Ride (If Equipped)

The main function of this system is to provide superior ride comfort while trailering or fully loaded, as well as for unloaded driving. This system also helps to provide:

DImproved trailering stability

DImproved handling response when trailering or fully loaded

This button is located on the center of the instrument panel near the radio. Press it to activate the selectable ride setting as desired.

An indicator light near the button will illuminate whenever the system

is active.

It is recommended to use this system as follows:

DFor optimum ride comfort in an unloaded vehicle the button should be out and the indicator light will not be illuminated. This switch position indicates NORMAL levels of ride control or damping.

DFor optimum ride comfort when trailering, fully loaded, driving off-road,or when personal preferences demand more control the button should be pressed in with the indicator light illuminated. This switch position indicates FIRM levels of ride control or damping.

The following guide can also be used to help determine the best setting.

NORMAL: The indicator light will be off when the system is in this setting. Use for normal city and highway driving. Provides a smooth, soft ride when the vehicle is unloaded.

FIRM (Unloaded): Press the switch to activate this setting, the indicator light will illuminate. Use this setting when road conditions or personal preference demand more control. Provides more ªfeelº or response to the road conditions.

FIRM (Loaded): Press the switch to activate this setting, the indicator light will illuminate. Use this setting to minimize trailer inputs to the vehicle or when the vehicle is fully loaded. This setting is also appropriate foroff-roaddriving.

You can select a setting at any time based on road and trailering conditions to provide the best ride and handling. Select a new setting whenever driving conditions change.

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Locking Rear Axle (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, your locking rear axle can give you additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, this feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.

Four-WheelDrive (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has four-wheeldrive, you can send your engine's driving power to all four wheels for extra traction. To get the most satisfaction out offour-wheeldrive, you must be familiar with its operation. Read the part that follows before usingfour-wheeldrive. See the appropriate text for the transfer case in your vehicle.

NOTICE:

Driving in the 4-WHEELHIGH (4HI) or4-WHEELLOW (4LO) positions for a long time on dry or wet pavement could shorten the life of your vehicle's drivetrain.

Front Axle Locking Feature

The front axle locks and unlocks automatically when you shift the transfer case. Some delay for the axle to lock or unlock is normal.

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Manual Transfer Case (If Equipped)

The transfer case shift lever is on the floor to the right of the driver. Use this lever to shift into and out of four-wheeldrive.

The 4WD indicator will light up when you shift into four-wheeldrive and the front axle engages.

Some delay between shifting and the indicator's lighting is normal.

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An indicator on the bezel near the lever shows you the transfer case settings:

2-Wheel High (2HI): This setting is used for driving in most street and highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged intwo-wheeldrive. This setting also provides the best fuel economy.

4-Wheel High (4HI): Use 4HI when you need extra traction, such as on snowy or icy roads or in mostoff-roadsituations. This setting also engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle. This is the best setting to use when plowing snow.

CAUTION:

Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission is in PARK (P), or if you have a manual transmission, even if you are in gear. You or someone else could be seriously injured. Be sure to set the parking brake before placing the transfer case in NEUTRAL. See ªParking Brakeº in the Index.

NEUTRAL (N): Shift to this setting only when your vehicle needs to be towed. The ignition switch must be in RUN in order to shift the lever into NEUTRAL (N). See ªRecreational Vehicle Towingº or ªTowing your Vehicleº in the Index.

4-Wheel Low (4L0): This setting also engages your front axle and delivers extra torque. You may never need 4LO. It sends maximum power to all four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you are drivingoff-roadin deep sand, deep mud, deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.

You can shift from 2-WheelHigh (2HI) to4-WheelHigh (4HI) or from4-WheelHigh (4HI) to2-WheelHigh (2HI) while the vehicle is moving. Your front axle will engage faster if you take your foot off of the accelerator for a couple of seconds after you shift. In extremely cold weather, it may be necessary to stop or slow the vehicle to shift into4-WheelHigh (4HI).

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To shift into or out of 4-WheelLow (4LO) or NEUTRAL (N):

1.Slow the vehicle to a roll, about 1 to 3 mph

(2 to 5 km/h) and shift an automatic transmission into NEUTRAL (N), or with a manual transmission, press the clutch pedal.

2.Shift the transfer case shift lever in one continuous motion.

Don't pause in NEUTRAL (N) as you shift the transfer case into 4-WheelLow (4LO), or your gears could clash.

Remember that driving in 4-WheelHigh (4HI) or4-WheelLow (4LO) may reduce fuel economy. Also, driving infour-wheeldrive on dry pavement could cause your tires to wear faster and make your transfer case harder to shift and run noisier.

Automatic Transfer Case (If Equipped)

The transfer case buttons are located to the left of the instrument panel cluster.

Use these switches to shift into and out of four-wheeldrive.

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You can choose among four driving settings:

2HI: This setting is used for driving in most street and highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged intwo-wheeldrive. This setting also provides the best fuel economy.

AUTO 4WD: This setting is ideal for use when road conditions are variable. When driving your vehicle in AUTO 4WD, the front axle is engaged, but the vehicle's power is sent to the rear wheels. When the vehicle senses a loss of traction, the system will automatically engagefour-wheeldrive. Driving in this mode results in slightly lower fuel economy than 2HI.

4HI: Use 4HI when you need extra traction, such as on snowy or icy roads or in mostoff-roadsituations. This setting also engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle. This is the best setting to use when plowing snow.

4LO: This setting also engages your front axle and delivers extra torque. You may never need 4LO. It sends maximum power to all four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you are drivingoff-roadin deep sand, deep mud, deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.

CAUTION:

Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission is in PARK (P). You or someone else could be seriously injured. Be sure to set the parking brake before placing the transfer case in NEUTRAL. See ªParking Brakeº in the Index.

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NEUTRAL: Shift the vehicle's transfer case to NEUTRAL only when towing your vehicle. See ªRecreational Vehicle Towingº or ªTowing Your Vehicleº in the Index for more information.

Indicator lights in the switches show which setting your transfer case is in. The indicator lights will come on briefly when you turn on the ignition and one will stay on. If the lights do not come on, you should take your vehicle to your dealer for service. An indicator light will flash while the transfer case is being shifted. It will remain illuminated when the shift is complete. If for some reason the transfer case cannot make a requested shift, it will return to the last chosen setting.

If the SERVICE 4WD light stays on, you should take your vehicle to your dealer for service. See ªService 4WDº in the Index for further information.

Shifting into 4HI or AUTO 4WD

Press and release the 4HI or AUTO 4WD switch. This can be done at any speed (except when shifting from 4LO), and the indicator light will flash while shifting. It will remain illuminated when the shift is completed.

Shifting into 2HI

Press and release the 2HI switch. This can be done at any speed (except when shifting from 4LO).

Shifting into 4LO

To shift to 4LO, the ignition must be in RUN and the vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph

(4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method for shifting into 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4LO switch. You must wait for the 4LO indicator light to stop flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your transmission in gear.

If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4LO indicator light will flash for 30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N). After 30 seconds the transfer case will return to the setting last chosen.

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Shifting Out of 4LO

To shift from 4LO to 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI your vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N) and the ignition in RUN. The preferred method for shifting out of 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI switch. You must wait for the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI indicator light to stop flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your transmission into gear.

If the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 2HI indicator light will flash for 30 seconds but will not complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the transmission is

in NEUTRAL (N).

Shifting into NEUTRAL

To shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL do the following:

1.Make sure the vehicle is parked so that it will not roll:

2.Set the parking brake.

3.Start the vehicle or turn the ignition to RUN.

4.Connect the vehicle to the towing vehicle.

5.Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N).

6.Shift the transfer case to 2HI.

7.Simultaneously press and hold the 2HI and 4LO buttons for 10 seconds. The red NEUTRAL light will come on when the transfer case shift to NEUTRAL is complete.

8.Shift the transmission to REVERSE (R) for one second, then shift the transmission to DRIVE (D) for one second.

9.Turn the ignition to OFF.

10.Place the transmission shift lever in PARK (P).

11.Release the parking brake prior to towing.

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Shifting Out of NEUTRAL

To shift out of NEUTRAL:

1.Set the parking brake and apply the regular brake pedal.

2.Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N) and turn the ignition to RUN with the engine off.

3.Press the button for the desired transfer case shift position (2HI, 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 4LO).

4.After the transfer case has shifted out of NEUTRAL the red light will go out.

5.You may start the engine and shift the transmission to the desired position.

Electronic Transfer Case (If Equipped)

If your four-wheel-drivevehicle has the electronic transfer case, the transfer case switches are located to the left of the instrument panel cluster.

Use these switches to shift into and out of four-wheeldrive. You can choose among three driving settings:

2HI: This setting is for driving in most street and highway situations. Your front axle is not engaged intwo-wheeldrive.

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4HI: This setting engages your front axle to help drive your vehicle. Use 4HI when you need extra traction, such as on snowy or icy roads, or in mostoff-roadsituations.

4LO: This setting also engages your front axle to give you extra traction. You may never need 4LO. It sends the maximum power to all four wheels. You might choose 4LO if you were drivingoff-roadin sand, mud or deep snow and climbing or descending steep hills.

Indicator lights in the switches show you which setting you are in. The indicator lights will come on briefly when you turn on the ignition and the last chosen setting will stay on. If the lights do not come on, you should take your vehicle in for service. An indicator light will flash while shifting. It will remain illuminated when the shift is completed. If for some reason the transfer cannot make a requested shift, it will return to the last chosen setting.

CAUTION:

Shifting the transfer case to NEUTRAL can cause your vehicle to roll even if the transmission is in PARK (P). You or someone else could be seriously injured. Be sure to set the parking brake before placing the transfer case in NEUTRAL. See ªParking Brakeº in the Index.

NEUTRAL: Shift the vehicle's transfer case to NEUTRAL only when towing your vehicle. See ªRecreational Vehicle Towingº or ªTowing Your Vehicleº in the Index for more information.

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Shifting from 2HI to 4HI

Press and release the 4HI switch. This can be done at any speed, and the front axle will lock automatically with some delay.

Shifting from 4HI to 2HI

Press and release the 2HI switch. This can be done at any speed, and the front axle will unlock automatically with some delay.

Shifting from 2HI or 4HI to 4LO

To shift from 2HI or 4HI to 4LO, the vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method for shifting into 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4LO switch. You must wait for the 4LO indicator light to stop flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your transmission into gear.

If the 4LO switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4LO indicator light will flash for 30 seconds and not complete the shift unless your vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N). The transfer case will shift to 4HI while waiting to complete the shift.

Shifting from 4LO to 4HI or 2HI

To shift from 4LO to 4HI or 2HI, your vehicle must be stopped or moving less than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) with the transmission in NEUTRAL (N). The preferred method for shifting out of 4LO is to have your vehicle moving 1 to 2 mph (1.6 to 3.2 km/h). Press and release the 4HI switch. You must wait for the 4HI indicator light to stop flashing and remain illuminated before shifting your transmission into gear.

If the 4HI switch is pressed when your vehicle is in gear and/or moving, the 4HI indicator light will flash for

30 seconds but will not complete the shift unless the vehicle is moving slower than 3 mph (4.8 km/h) and the transmission is in NEUTRAL (N).

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Shifting into NEUTRAL

To shift the transfer case to NEUTRAL, first make sure the vehicle is parked so that it will not roll:

1.Set the parking brake.

2.Start the vehicle or turn the ignition to RUN.

3.Connect the vehicle to the towing vehicle.

4.Put the transmission in NEUTRAL (N).

5.Shift the transfer case to 2HI.

6.Simultaneously press and hold the 2HI and 4LO buttons for 10 seconds. The red NEUTRAL light will come on when the transfer case shift to NEUTRAL is complete.

7.Shift the transmission to REVERSE (R) for one second, then shift the transmission to DRIVE (D) for one second.

8.Turn the ignition to OFF.

9.Place the transmission shift lever in PARK (P).

10.Release the parking brake prior to towing.

Shifting Out of NEUTRAL

To shift out of NEUTRAL:

1.Set the parking brake and apply the regular brake pedal.

2.Shift the transmission to NEUTRAL (N) and turn the ignition to RUN with the engine off.

3.Press the button for the desired transfer case shift position (2HI, 4HI, AUTO 4WD or 4LO).

4.After the transfer case has shifted out of NEUTRAL the red light will go out.

5.You may start the engine and shift the transmission to the desired position.

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QUADRASTEERt (4WS)

(If Equipped)

The QUADRASTEER System has a control and diagnostic module that monitors and records current system status and operational information.

If your vehicle is equipped with the 4 Wheel Steer system it has the ability to steer the vehicle with all four wheels.

Once the 4 Wheel Steer mode is selected, it is recommended to leave the vehicle in this mode at all times.

The 4WS system is equipped with three different driving modes:

DTwo wheel steering (2WS)

DFour wheel steering (4WS)

DFour wheel steering with a trailer mode (4WS TOW)

The switch is located on the instrument panel.

2WS: In this mode the vehicle will operate like any other vehicle with two wheel steering. If you want to use 2WS and your vehicle is not in this mode, press the 4 Wheel Steer button until the 2WS indicator, located to the right of the 4 Wheel Steer button, lights up. If the 2WS indicator is flashing you will have to center the steering wheel by turning it to the left or right.

If you want to use tire chains, the vehicle needs to be in 2WS mode.

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4WS: In this mode all four wheels will help steer the vehicle. If you want to use 4WS, and your vehicle is not in this mode, press the 4 Wheel Steer button, until the 4WS indicator, located to the right of the 4 Wheel Steer button, lights up. If the 4WS indicator is flashing you will have to center the steering wheel by turning it to the left or right.

Slower Speed (below 40 m.p.h.)

At slower speeds the front and rear wheels will turn in opposite directions. This helps the vehicle make tighter turns, such as during parking, cornering and turning into tight spaces.

Higher Speeds (40 m.p.h. and above)

At higher speeds the front and rear wheels will turn in the same direction. This improves stability of the vehicle during lane changes and sweeping turns.

4WS TOW: The 4WS TOW mode provides enhanced stability allowing the trailer to follow the path of the tow vehicle more closely, especially during lane changes.

In this mode the system operates much like the 4WS mode, but is enhanced for trailer towing. It is recommended for all types and weights of trailers.

To engage the 4WS TOW mode, press the 4 Wheel Steer button until the 4WS and TOW indicators light up on the instrument panel. If the TOW indicator is flashing you will have to center the steering wheel by turning it to the left or right. While in the 4WS TOW mode, it is possible the steering wheel may be slightly off center.

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Car Washes for QUADRASTEER

Equipped Vehicles

NOTICE:

Because your vehicle has a wider rear track some car washes may be too narrow for your vehicle. Conveyor systems on some automatic car washes may damage your vehicle. Only use conveyor system car washes with 13-inch(33 cm) wide conveyor rails and/or stationary washes with at least 82 inches (208 cm) between the rails. Before

using the car wash check with the manager.

Horn

To sound the horn, press the center pad on the steering wheel.

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Tilt Wheel

A tilt wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when you exit and enter your vehicle.

The tilt steering wheel lever is located on the lower left side of the column.

To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Then move the steering wheel to a comfortable position and release the lever to lock the wheel in place.

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever

The lever on the left side of the steering column includes the following:

DTurn and Lane Change Signals

DHeadlamp High/Low Beam Changer

DFlash-to-PassFeature

DWindshield Wipers

DWindshield Washer

DCruise Control (If Equipped)

For information on the exterior lamps, see ªExterior Lampsº earlier in this section.

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Turn and Lane Change Signals

The turn signal has two upward (for right) and

two downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.

To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically.

An arrow on the instrument panel cluster will flash in the direction of the turn or lane change.

To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you release it.

If you move the lever all the way up or down, and the arrow flashes at twice the normal rate, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers may not see your turn signal.

If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the arrows don't go on at all when you signal a turn, check for burned-outbulbs or a blown fuse (see ªFuses and Circuit Breakersº in the Index).

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Turn Signal On Chime

If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the turn signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal lever to the off position.

Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer

To change the headlamps from low to high beam or high to low beam, pull the multifunction lever all the way toward you. Then release it.

When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument panel cluster also will be on.

Flash-To-PassFeature

This feature allows you to use your high-beamheadlamps to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass. It works even if your headlamps are off.

To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, but not so far that you hear it click.

If your headlamps are off or on low-beam,yourhigh-beamheadlamps will turn on. They'll stay

on as long as you hold the lever toward you and the high-beamindicator on the instrument panel will come on. Release the lever to turn thehigh-beamheadlamps off.

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Windshield Wipers

You control the windshield wipers by turning the band with the wiper symbol on it.

For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to MIST. Hold it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the band on MIST longer.

You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The closer to LO, the shorter the delay.

For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away from you to the LO position. For high-speedwiping, turn the band further, to HI. To stop the wipers, move the band to the OFF position.

Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If they're frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.

Windshield Washer

There is a paddle marked with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the multifunction lever. To spray washer fluid on the windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your preset speed.

CAUTION:

In freezing weather, don't use your washer until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision.

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Cruise Control (If Equipped)

With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator.

This can really help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).

If you apply your brakes, or press the clutch pedal (if equipped), the cruise control will disengage.

CAUTION:

DCruise control can be dangerous where you can't drive safely at a steady speed. So, don't use your cruise control on winding roads or in heavy traffic.

DCruise control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause needless wheel spinning, and you could lose control. Don't use cruise control on slippery roads.

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Setting Cruise Control

CAUTION:

If you leave your cruise control switch on when you're not using cruise, you might hit a button and go into cruise when you don't want to. You could be startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise control switch off until you want to use cruise control.

1.Move the cruise control switch to ON.

2.Get up to the speed you want.

3.Press in the SET button at the end of the lever and release it.

4.Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

 

Canada

The CRUISE light on the instrument panel will illuminate when the cruise control is engaged.

Resuming a Set Speed

Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply the brake or press the clutch pedal (if equipped). This, of course, disengages the cruise control. But you don't need to reset it.

Once you're going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise control switch from ON to R/A (Resume/Accelerate) briefly.

You'll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there.

If you hold the switch at R/A briefly, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch or apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster, don't hold the switch at R/A.

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Increasing Speed While Using Cruise Control

There are two ways to go to a higher speed:

DUse the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Press the SET button at the end of the lever, then release the button and the accelerator pedal. You'll now cruise at the higher speed.

DMove the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it there until you get up to the speed you want, and then release the switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A briefly. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go

about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.

Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control

DPress and hold the SET button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.

DTo slow down in very small amounts, press the SET button briefly. Each time you do this, you'll go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.

Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control

Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.

Using Cruise Control on Hills

How well your cruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going

downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and don't use cruise control on steep hills.

Ending Cruise Control

There are three ways to turn off the cruise control:

DStep lightly on the brake pedal.

DStep lightly on the clutch pedal (if equipped).

DMove the cruise control switch to OFF.

Erasing Speed Memory

When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your cruise control set speed memory is erased.

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Exterior Lamps

The control on the driver's side of your instrument panel operates the exterior lamps.

Turn the control clockwise to operate the lamps.

The exterior lamp switch has three positions:

(OFF): Turning the switch to this position turns off all lamps, except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL). It also puts the system into automatic headlamp mode.

(Parking Lamps): Turning the control to this position turns on the parking lamps, together with the following:

DSidemarker Lamps

DTaillamps

DLicense Plate Lamps

DInstrument Panel Lights

DRoof Marker Lamps (If Equipped)

(Headlamps): Turning the switch to this position turns on the headlamps, together with the previously listed lamps and lights.

You can switch your headlamps from high to low-beamby pulling on the turnsignal/high-beamlever.

A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have an electrical overload, your headlamps will flicker on and off. Have your headlamp wiring checked right away if this happens.

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Automatic Headlamp System

When it is dark enough outside, your automatic headlamp system will turn on your headlamps at the normal brightness along with other lamps such as the taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the instrument panel lights. The radio lights will also be dim.

Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor located on the top of the instrument panel in the defroster grille. Be sure it is not covered, or the system will be on whenever the ignition is on.

The system may also turn on your headlamps when driving through a parking garage, heavy overcast weather or a tunnel. This is normal.

There is a delay in the transition between the daytime and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems so that driving under bridges or bright overhead street lights does not affect the system. The DRL and automatic headlamp system will only be affected when the light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting longer than the delay.

To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp system off, set the parking brake while the ignition is off. Then start your vehicle. The automatic headlamp system will stay off until you release the parking brake.

You may be able to turn off your automatic headlamp system. See ªDaytime Running Lamps (DRL)º later in this section for more information.

As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamp system when you need them.

Lamps On Reminder

A reminder chime will sound when your headlamps or parking lamps are manually turned on and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or ACCESSORY. To disable the chime, turn the thumbwheel all the way down. In the automatic mode, the headlamps turn off once the ignition key is in OFF.

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Daytime Running Lamps

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles first sold in Canada.

The DRL system will come on when the following conditions are met:

Dthe ignition is on,

Dthe exterior lamps control is in automatic headlamp mode,

Dthe automatic transmission is not in PARK (P),

Dthe light sensor determines it is daytime and

Dthe parking brake is released.

When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won't be on. The instrument panel won't be lit up either.

When it begins to get dark, the automatic headlamp system will switch from DRL to the headlamps or the last chosen headlamp setting that was used.

When you turn the headlamp switch off, the headlamps will go off, and your DRL lamps will illuminate, provided it is not dark outside.

To idle an automatic transmission equipped vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking brake. Shifting the transmission into PARK (P) will also allow you to idle the vehicle with the DRL off. The DRL will stay off until you release the parking brake or shift the transmission out of PARK (P).

To idle a manual transmission equipped vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking brake. The DRL will stay off until you release the parking brake.

The following procedure applies only to vehicles first sold in the United States.

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When necessary, you may turn off the Automatic Headlamp System and the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) feature by following these steps:

1.Turn the ignition to RUN.

2.Press the DOME OVERRIDE button four times within six seconds. After the fourth press of the button, a chime will sound informing you the system is off. The system will revert back to the automatic mode when the ignition is turned off and on again.

3.To return to the automatic mode, push the DOME OVERRIDE button four times within six seconds (the chime will sound), or turn the ignition off and on again.

As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamp system when you need it.

Fog Lamps (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better vision in foggy or misty conditions.

The fog lamp button is located on the left side of your instrument panel.

Your parking lamps and/or low-beamheadlamps must be on for your fog lamps to work.

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Press the button to turn the fog lamps on. Press the button again to turn them off. An indicator light will glow in the button when the fog lamps are on.

Remember, fog lamps alone will not give off as much light as your headlamps. Never use the fog lamps in the dark without turning on the headlamps.

The fog lamps will go off whenever the high-beamheadlamps come on. When the high beams go off, the fog lamps will come on again.

The fog lamps will be cancelled after the ignition is turned off. If you still want to use the fog lamps after you restart the vehicle, you will need to press the fog lamp button again.

Auxiliary Roof Mounted Lamp Switch

(If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature, this switch includes wiring provisions for a dealer or a qualified service center to install an auxiliary roof lamp.

This switch is located on the center of the instrument panel near the comfort controls.

When the switch wiring is connected to an auxiliary roof mounted lamp, pressing the switch will activate the lamp and illuminate an indicator light near the switch. Pressing the switch again will turn off the roof

mounted lamp.

If your vehicle has this switch, your vehicle may have the snow plow prep package. For further information see ªSnow Plow Prep Packageº in the Index.

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Cargo Lamp

The cargo lamp button is located on the left side of the instrument panel.

Press the button to turn the cargo lamp on. Press the button again to turn it off.

A message in the instrument panel cluster will come on and display CARGO LAMP ON when the cargo lamp is turned on and the ignition key is turned to RUN.

Interior Lamps

Instrument Panel Brightness Control

This feature controls the brightness of the instrument panel lights.

The thumbwheel for this feature is located next to the headlamp control.

Turn the thumbwheel up to adjust the instrument panel lights. Turn the thumbwheel up to return the radio display to full brightness when the headlamps or parking lamps are on. To turn on the dome lamps, turn the thumbwheel all the way up.

Exit Lighting

With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on when you remove the key from the ignition. The lights will not come on if the DOME OVERRIDE button is pressed in.

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Illuminated Entry

Your vehicle is equipped with an illuminated entry feature.

When a door is opened, the dome lamps will come on if the DOME OVERRIDE button is in the out position. If the DOME OVERRIDE button is pressed in, the lamps will not come on.

Front Reading Lamps (If Equipped)

The reading lamps are located on the overhead console.

To turn on the reading lamps, press the button located next to each lamp. To turn them off, press the button again.

The lamps can be adjusted to point in the direction you want them to go.

Dome Lamps

The dome lamps will come on when you open a door.

You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning the thumbwheel, located next to the exterior lamps control, all the way up. In this position, the dome lamps will remain on whether the doors are opened or closed.

You can use the DOME OVERRIDE button, located below the exterior lamps control, to set the dome lamps to come on automatically when the doors are opened, or remain off. To turn the lamps off, press the button into the in position. With the button in this position, the dome lamps will remain off when the doors are open. To return the lamps to automatic operation, press the button again and return it to the out position. With the button in this position, the dome lamps will come on when you open a door.

Battery Run-DownProtection

This feature shuts off the dome, reading, glove box, cargo and underhood lamps if they are left on for more than 20 minutes when the ignition is off. This will keep your battery from running down.

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Mirrors

Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror

Pull the tab under the mirror toward you to reduce glare from headlamps behind you after dark. Push the tab away from you for normal daytime operation.

Electrochromic Inside Rearview Mirror with Compass and Temperature Display (If Equipped)

When on, an electrochromic mirror automatically dims to the proper level to minimize glare from lights behind you after dark.

The mirror also includes a display in the upper right corner of the mirror face. The compass reading and the outside temperature will both appear in the display at the same time. The dual display can be turned on or off by briefly pressing either the TEMP or the COMP button.

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Temperature Display

The temperature can be displayed by pressing the TEMP button. Pressing the TEMP button once briefly, will toggle the temperature reading on and off. To alternate the temperature reading between Fahrenheit and Celsius, press and hold the TEMP button for three seconds until the display blinks_F and_C. Press and release the TEMP button to toggle between the Fahrenheit and Celsius readings. After five seconds of inactivity, the display will stop blinking and display the last selection made.

Press and release the TEMP button to toggle the temperature display between Fahrenheit or Celsius.

If an abnormal reading is displayed, please consult your dealer.

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Electrochromic Mirror Operation

The time period you need to press and hold the TEMP button to turn the electrochromic feature on or off is

six seconds. The indicator light to the right of the TEMP button will still turn on or off to show you when the electrochromic feature is activated. Once the mirror is turned off, it will remain off until it is turned back on, or until the vehicle is restarted.

Compass Operation

Press the COMP button once briefly to turn the compass on or off.

When the ignition and the compass feature are on, the compass will show two character boxes for approximately two seconds. After two seconds, the mirror will display the compass heading.

When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.

Compass Calibration

The compass may need calibration if one of the following occurs:

DAfter five seconds, the display does not show a compass heading (N for North, for example), there may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass. Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic item.

DThe compass does not display the correct heading and the compass zone variance is set correctly.

In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed, push in the COMP button for approximately eight seconds or until CAL is displayed.

The compass can be calibrated in one of two ways:

DDrive the vehicle in circles at five mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads a direction, or

Ddrive the vehicle on your everyday routine and after several turns the compass will become calibrated and will display a direction.

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Compass Variance

The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate for compass variance if you live outside zone eight.

Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance cross-countrytrip, it will be necessary to adjust for compass variance. Compass variance is the difference between earth's magnetic north and true geographic north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance, your compass could give false readings.

To adjust for compass variance:

1.Use the COMP button located at the bottom of the mirror.

2.Press and hold the COMP button for three seconds until a zone number appears in the display.

3.Find your current location and variance zone number on the following zone map.

4.Press the COMP button on the bottom of the mirror until the new zone number appears in the display. After you stop pressing the button in, the display will show a compass direction within a few seconds.

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Electrochromic Inside Rearview Mirror with Compass, Temperature Display and OnStar Controls (If Equipped)

When on, an electrochromic mirror automatically dims to the proper level to minimize glare from lights behind you after dark.

The mirror also includes a duel display in the upper right corner of the mirror face. The compass reading and the outside temperature will both appear in the display at the same time.

Temperature and Compass Display

Press the on/off button, located to the far left, briefly to turn the comp/temp display on or off.

If the display reads CAL, you will need to calibrate the compass. For more information on calibration, see below.

To adjust between Fahrenheit and Celsius do the following:

1.Press and hold the on/off button for four seconds until either a flashing _F, or_C appears.

2.Press the button again to change the display to the desired unit of measurement. After approximately four seconds of inactivity, the new unit will be locked in and the compass/temperature display will return.

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Electrochromic Mirror Operation

The electrochromic (self dimming) mirror function is turned on automatically each time the ignition is started. To operate the electrochromic mirror do the following:

1.Make sure the green indicator light, located to the left of the on/off button, is lit. If it's not, press and hold the on/off button for six seconds until the green light comes on, indicating that the mirror is in electrochromic (self dimming) mode.

2.Turn off the electrochromic mirror function by pressing and holding the on/off button for

six seconds until the green indicator light turns off.

Compass Variance

The mirror is set in zone eight upon leaving the factory. It will be necessary to adjust the compass to compensate for compass variance if you live outside of zone eight.

Under certain circumstances, as during a long distance cross-countrytrip, it will be necessary to adjust for compass variance. Compass variance is the difference between earth's magnetic north and true geographic north. If not adjusted to account for compass variance, your compass could give false readings.

To adjust for compass variance do the following:

1.Find your current location and variance zone number on the following zone map.

2.Press and hold the on/off button for nine seconds or until a Z and a zone number appears in the display. The compass is now in zone mode.

3.Keep pressing the on/off button until the desired zone number appears in the display. Release the button. After about four seconds of inactivity, the new zone number will be locked in and the comp/temp display will return.

4.Calibrate the compass as described below.

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Compass Calibration

The compass may need calibration if one of the following occurs:

DAfter five seconds, the display does not show a compass heading (N for North, for example), there may be a strong magnetic field interfering with the compass. Such interference may be caused by a magnetic antenna mount, magnetic note pad holder or a similar magnetic item.

DThe compass does not display the correct heading and the compass zone variance is set correctly.

In order to calibrate, CAL must be displayed in the mirror compass windows. If CAL is not displayed, push the on/off button for approximately 12 seconds or until CAL is displayed.

The compass can be calibrated in one of two ways:

DDrive the vehicle in circles at 5 mph (8 km/h) or less until the display reads a direction, or

Ddrive the vehicle on your everyday routine and after several turns the compass will become calibrated and will display a direction.

Cleaning the Mirror

When cleaning the mirror, use a paper towel or similar material dampened with glass cleaner. Do not spray glass cleaner directly on the mirror as that may cause the liquid cleaner to enter the mirror housing.

Outside Manual Adjust Mirrors

Adjust your outside mirrors so you can just see the side of your vehicle and have a clear view of objects behind you. Some mirrors can be folded in, to enter narrow doorways.

The use of hood-mountedair deflectors andadd-onconvex mirror attachments may adversely affect mirror performance.

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Camper-TypeOutside Mirrors

(If Equipped)

If your vehicle is equipped with camper-typemirrors, they can be adjusted so you can have a clear view of objects behind you.

Pull out the mirror head to extend it for better visibility when towing a trailer.

West Coast-TypeOutside Mirrors

(If Equipped)

If your vehicle is equipped with the west coast-typemirrors, they can be adjusted so you can have a clear view of objects behind you.

A. Outer Mirror Frame

B. Mirror Head

C. Nut

The mirrors can be adjusted by turning the mirror head (B) and moving the outer mirror frame (A) backward or forward. You can also loosen the nut (C) on the top and bottom of the outer mirror frame to tilt the mirror head.

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Electric Outside Rearview Mirrors

(If Equipped)

The control for this feature is located on the driver's door armrest.

Move the selector switch located above the control pad to the left or right to choose the mirror you want to adjust, then press the arrows located on the control pad to move the mirror in the direction you want it to go.

Convex Outside Mirror

Your passenger's side mirror may be convex. A convex mirror's surface is curved so you can see more from the driver's seat.

CAUTION:

A convex mirror can make things (like other vehicles) look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before changing lanes.

Heated Outside Rearview Mirrors

(If Equipped)

The outside rearview mirrors with this feature have a defrost mode.

To turn on the defrost feature, press the rear window defogger button. See ªRear Window Defoggerº in the Index for further information.

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Storage Compartments

Your vehicle includes a number of storage compartments for storage of often-useditems.

Some vehicles have storage areas in the instrument panel. Use these spaces for items such as gloves or small books.

Some models have a storage pocket on each of the front doors.

Some vehicles have a storage area behind the seat.

Glove Box

To open your glove box, pull the lever upward and pull the door downward.

Center Overhead Console (If Equipped)

Your vehicle may have an overhead console. The long overhead console has three storage compartments inside it and the short overhead console has one compartment inside it.

Installing a Garage Door Opener

If you have the long overhead console, a garage door opener can be installed in the front overhead compartment.

1.To install the garage door opener, first open the compartment door by pressing the release button forward.

2.Peel the protective backing from the hook and loop patch. Press it firmly to the back of your garage door opener, as close to the center of the opener as possible.

3.Center the garage door opener activation button over the console door button, and press the opener firmly into place.

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The pegs inside the compartment door are used to make sure the button on the compartment door will contact the control button on the garage door opener.

4.Add one peg at a time until, with the compartment door closed, the PUSH button on the compartment door will operate the garage door opener.

5. Now, with the compartment door closed, press the button marked PUSH again to make sure the garage door opener operates properly.

With the garage door opener positioned properly and the right number of pegs in place, you should only have to press the PUSH button slightly to operate the opener.

6.Adjust the position of the garage door opener and add or remove pegs, as needed, until the opener operates properly.

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Sunglasses Storage Compartment

If you have the long overhead console, the center overhead compartment can be used to store your sunglasses.

To open the center compartment, press the release button located at the rear of the compartment door. Place your sunglasses in the compartment door with the lenses facing out.

To open the rear compartment, press the release button located at the rear of the compartment door. The rear compartment can be used to store a small item,

like a book.

Armrest Storage Compartment

(If Equipped)

Your vehicle may have a center armrest storage compartment in the front bench seat.

To open it, fold down the armrest and press the latch handle located at the front of the armrest. Then, let the lid pop up and swing open.

The storage compartment has a cassette/compact disc holder. The holder will store up to six compact disc cases and five cassette tape cases or a total of 11 cassette tape cases.

If not used to store cassette or compact disc cases, the storage area can be used to store a laptop computer.

To use the writing table, pull the latch at the rear of the table and swing the writing table forward. Use it to hold a pad of paper and a pen.

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Center Console Storage Area (If Equipped)

Your vehicle may have a console compartment between the bucket seats.

To open it, insert the console key into the lock and unlock the console. Press the button and swing the console lid open. The console has a place to store tissues, pens and a clip to hold business cards.

Your console may have a cupholder that swings down for the rear seat passengers to use. The front cupholder pulls out and swivels 180_ to provide clearance between tall beverage containers and the manual transmission shift lever (if equipped).

Your vehicle may have a compact disc holder in the console.

Cupholders (If Equipped)

Your vehicle may have cupholders located in the front console.

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Tonneau Cover (If Equipped)

1.To remove, unsnap the cover. Roll up and stow using the buckle and the strap located at the front of the box.

A. Back rail

D. Center bow

B. Side rail

E. Front bow

C. Rear bow

F. Front rail

1. Remove the tonneau cover from the notch in the front rail from the driver's side of the vehicle.

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2.Remove the three bows by gently pushing them against the spring-loadedend. The three bows are labeled front/center/rear to remind you in which order to reinstall them.

3. To add cargo to the box, remove all bows and the back rail and stow them safely.

To clean the tonneau cover, use mild soap and water. If necessary, use a soft bristle brush to remove dirt trapped in the grain of the material.

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Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter

Front Ashtray

The front ashtray is located near the center of the instrument panel. Pull on the bottom of the ashtray door to open it.

NOTICE:

If you store paper or other things that burn in your ashtrays, they could be set on fire by cigarettes or other smoking materials. That could cause a fire and possibly damage your vehicle. Do not store papers and other things that burn in your ashtrays.

To remove the front ashtray, press the retainer spring and pull the ashtray toward you. To replace the ashtray, place the ashtray on the slides at the side of its location in the instrument panel. Then slide the ashtray back to its original position.

To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way, and let go. When it's ready, it will pop back out by itself.

NOTICE:

Holding a cigarette lighter in with your hand while it's heating can make it overload, damaging the lighter and the heating element. Just push the lighter all the way in and let go. When it's done, it will pop back by itself.

Sun Visors

To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You can also swing them out to help block glare at the front and side windows.

The passenger's side sun visor may have a vanity mirror.

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Accessory Power Outlets

With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or CB radio.

Two accessory power outlets are located near the cigarette lighter. The cigarette lighter is designed to fit only in the receptacle to the right of the accessory power outlets.

To use the outlets, lift the cover. When not using them, always close the cover.

Certain power accessory plugs may not be compatible to the accessory power outlets and could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem, see your dealer for additional information on the accessory power plugs.

NOTICE:

Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle can damage it or keep other things from working as they should. This wouldn't be covered by your warranty. Check with your dealer before adding electrical equipment, and never use anything that exceeds the fuse rating.

When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the proper installation instructions included with the equipment.

NOTICE:

Power outlets are designed for accessory plugs only. Do not hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug. Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty.

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OnStarR System (If Equipped)

OnStar is a vehicle communications system that offers a variety of services and provides a one-touchhands-freecommunication link between you and the OnStar Center. To receive OnStar services, a service subscription agreement is required and an additional fee may be required. Services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information, call1-888-ONSTAR-7(1-888-667-8277).

OnStar Services Button: Press this button once to contact an advisor who will be able to assist you with these services. If you are not quickly connected, the system will automatically reset and redial. This ensures connection to the center; there is no additional action required. Press the Communication button to cancel the automatic redial.

Emergency Button: In an emergency situation, press the emergency service button. Upon receiving the call, an advisor at the center will locate your vehicle and assess the situation. If necessary, the advisor will alert the nearest emergency service provider.

Communication Button: Press this button at the end of a call. Also press this button to answer a call from the center, or cancel a call if one of the other buttons is accidentally pressed. This button is also used to access OnStar Personal Calling and Virtual Advisor services. See the OnStar owner package for more information.

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Volume Control: You can control the volume of the OnStar System using either the volume knob on the radio or if equipped, the steering wheel volume controls.

Telltale Light: This light will indicate the status of the system. A solid green light will come on when you start the vehicle to let you know that the system is on and is ready to make or receive calls.

If the light blinks green it means that an incoming or outgoing call is in progress. Press the Communication button if you notice the light blinking and you are not on a call.

The light will be red in the event of an OnStar system malfunction. If this occurs press the OnStar button to attempt to contact an advisor. If the connection is made, the advisor will assist you with steps to take to make sure that the system is functioning properly. If you cannot contact the advisor, take your vehicle to your dealership as soon as possible for assistance.

Cellular Antenna: The cellular antenna on the outside of your vehicle is critical to effective communications using the OnStar system. Optimum cellular reception can be obtained when the mast is straight up and down.

OnStar Services

The following services are available within OnStar service plans. Your vehicle comes with a specific one-yearservice plan that allows use of some or all of the following services.

DAutomatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment: If an air bag deploys, a priority

emergency signal is sent automatically to the center. An advisor will locate your vehicle's position, try to contact you and assist you in the situation. If the center is unable to contact you, an emergency service provider will be contacted.

DStolen Vehicle Tracking: Call the center at 1-888-4-ONSTAR (1-888-466-7827) to report your vehicle stolen. The system can then attempt to locate and track your vehicle and the advisor will assist the proper authorities.

DRoadside Assistance with Location: For vehicle breakdowns, press the OnStar Services button. An advisor will contact the appropriate help.

DRemote Diagnostics: If an instrument panel light comes on, press the OnStar Services button. An advisor can perform a check of the engineon-boardcomputer, and recommend what action needs to be taken.

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DOnStar MED-NET:Med-Netcan store your personal medical history and provide it to emergency personnel if necessary. (Requires activation and additional fee.)

DAccident Assist: An advisor can providestep-by-stepguidance following an accident.

DRemote Door Unlock: To contact the center, call1-888-4-ONSTAR.You will be required to provide your security information. An advisor will send a command to your vehicle to unlock itself. The advisor can delay unlocking your vehicle. Remote Door Unlock is disabled 48 hours after the vehicle is parked to maintain the battery charge.

DVehicle Locator Service: To contact the center, call1-888-4-ONSTAR.You will be required to provide your security information. An advisor will send a command to your vehicle to sound the horn and/or flash the lamps.

DRoute Support: An advisor can provide directions or guidance to most places you want to go.

In addition, they can help you locate gas stations, rest areas, ATMs, hospitals, hotels, stores, eateries and more.

DRide Assist: An advisor can locate transportation in the event that you are unable to drive.

DConcierge Services: The concierge advisor can obtain tickets, reservations or help with vacation/trip planning and other unique items and services.

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OnStar System Limitations

Complete limitations can be found on the Subscriber Services Agreement. In order to provide you with excellent service, calls with the OnStar Center may be monitored or recorded.

OnStar Service is:

Davailable in the 48 contiguous United States, Alaska, Hawaii and Canada;

Davailable when the vehicle is within the operating range of a cellular provider;

Dsubject to limitations caused by atmospheric conditions, such as severe weather or topographical conditions, such as mountainous terrain.

Dsubject to cellular carrier equipment limitations.

Global positioning locating capabilities will not be available if satellite signals are obstructed.

OnStar will not function if the vehicle's battery is discharged or disconnected. It may also be inoperative if the vehicle is in an accident and the OnStar or vehicle electrical system components are damaged.

OnStar is the communication link between you and existing governmental emergency and roadside service providers. OnStar will receive your call and use reasonable effort to contact an appropriate provider. OnStar cannot promise that the providers will respond in a timely manner or at all.

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The Instrument Panel - Your Information System

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The main components of your instrument panel are the following:

A.Dome Lamp Button

B.Exterior Lamp Controls

C.Air Outlets

D.Automatic Transfer Case (If Equipped) Electronic Transfer Case (If Equipped)/Traction Assist System (TAS) (If Equipped)

E.Multifunction Lever

F.Instrument Panel Cluster

G.Gearshift Lever (Automatic Transmission)

H.Tow/Haul Selector Button

I.Audio System

J.Comfort Control System

K.Instrument Panel Fuse Block

L.Hood Release

M.Center Instrument Panel Utility Block

N.Tilt Wheel Lever (If Equipped)

O.Parking Brake Release

P.Lighter and Accessory Power Outlets

Q.Rear Window Defogger Switch (If Equipped)

R.Storage Area or Cassette Tape Player (If Equipped)

S.Ashtray

T.Manual Selectable Ride Control (If Equipped)

U.4WS Switch (If Equipped)

V.Passenger Air Bag Off Switch

W.Glove Box

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Instrument Panel Cluster

United States Heavy Duty Automatic Transmission version shown. Canada, Light Duty Automatic and Manual Transmission Clusters similar.

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Your instrument cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You'll know how fast you're going, about how much fuel you have and many other things you'll need to know to drive safely and economically.

Speedometer and Odometer

Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada).

Trip Odometer

The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.

Press the reset button to toggle between the trip odometer and the regular odometer. Holding the reset button for two seconds while the trip odometer is displayed will reset it.

To display the odometer reading with the ignition off, press the reset button.

Engine Hour Meter Display

The odometer can also display the number of hours the engine has run. To display the hour meter, turn the ignition off, press and hold the reset button for at least four seconds. The hour meter will be displayed for up to 30 seconds, or until the ignition is turned on.

Tachometer

Your tachometer displays the engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).

NOTICE:

On vehicles with a manual transmission, if you operate the engine with the tachometer in the red area, your engine or other parts could be damaged.

Damage to your engine or vehicle caused by operating the engine in the red area isn't covered by your vehicle warranty. Don't operate the engine with the tachometer in the shaded area.

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Warning Lights, Gages

and Indicators

This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.

Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or others from injury.

Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle's functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages, some warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let you know they're working. If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.

Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle's functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you know when there's a problem with your vehicle.

When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual's advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. They're a big help.

Your vehicle may also have a driver information system that works along with the warning lights and gages. See ªMessage Centerº in the Index.

Safety Belt Reminder Light

When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will come on for about six seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the driver's safety belt is already buckled.

The safety belt light will also come on and stay on for about 20 seconds, then it will flash for about 55 seconds.

If the driver's belt is already buckled, neither the chime nor the light will come on.

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Air Bag Readiness Light

There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system checks the air bag's electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the air bag sensors, the air bag modules, the wiring, the passenger air bag suppression circuit and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see ªAir Bagº in the Index.

This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and it will flash for a few seconds. Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready.

If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.

CAUTION:

If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the air bag system may not be working properly. The air bags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the air bag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.

The air bag readiness light should flash for a few seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn't come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

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Air Bag Off Light

When you turn the right front passenger's air bag off, this light will come on and stay on to remind you that the air bag has been turned off. This light will go off when you turn the air bag back on again. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

CAUTION:

If the right front passenger's air bag is turned off for a person who isn't in a risk group identified by the national government, that person won't have the extra protection of an air bag. In a crash, the air bag wouldn't be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there. Don't turn off the passenger's air bag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group. See ªAir Bag Off Switchº in the Index for more on this, including important safety information.

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CAUTION:

If the air bag readiness light ever comes on when you have turned off the air bag, it means that something may be wrong with the air bag system. The right front passenger's air bag could inflate even though the switch is off.

If your vehicle is a regular cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in your vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.

If your vehicle is an extended cab pickup and this ever happens, don't let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger air bag risk group sit in the right front passenger's position (for example, don't secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger's seat) until you have your vehicle serviced.

Voltmeter

United States

Canada

When your engine is not running, but the ignition is in RUN, this gage shows your battery's state of charge in DC volts.

When the engine is running, the gage shows the condition of the charging system. Readings between the low and high warning zones indicate the normal operating range.

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Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a large number of electrical accessories are operating in the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an extended period. This condition is normal since the charging system is not able to provide full power at engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow the charging system to create maximum power.

You can only drive for a short time with the reading in either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all unnecessary accessories.

Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle serviced as soon as possible.

Shift Light (If Equipped)

This light is used on some models with manual transmissions.

The SHIFT indicator light will help you get the best fuel economy. See ªShift Lightº or ªShift Speedsº in the index for more information.

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Brake System Warning Light

With the ignition on, the brake system warning light will flash when you set the parking brake. The light will flash if the parking brake doesn't release fully. If you try to drive with the parking brake engaged, a chime will sound when the vehicle speed is greater than 3 mph (5 km/h).

Your vehicle's hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part isn't working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need both parts working well.

If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.

United States

Canada

This light should come on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If it doesn't come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there's a problem.

If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See ªTowing Your Vehicleº in the Index.

CAUTION:

Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning light is on. Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead to an accident. If the light is still on after you've pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.

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Anti-LockBrake System Warning Light

With the anti-lockbrake system, this light will come on when you start your engine and may stay on for several seconds. That's normal.

If the light stays on, or comes on when you're driving, your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system warning light isn't on, you still have brakes, but you don't have anti-lockbrakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also on, you don't haveanti-lockbrakes and there's a problem with your regular brakes. See ªBrake System Warning Lightº earlier in this section.

The anti-lockbrake system warning light should come on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn't come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

Low Traction Light (If Equipped)

If you have the Traction Assist System, this light will come on when the system is limiting wheel spin. See ªTraction Assist Systemº in the Index.

You may feel or hear the system working or notice a lack of accelerator response, but this is normal.

The LOW TRACTION light also comes on briefly when you turn your ignition to RUN. If the light doesn't come on then, the system may require service; have it fixed so it will be there to tell you when the traction system is active. Slippery road conditions may exist if this light comes on, so adjust your driving accordingly.

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Traction Off Light (If Equipped)

If you have the Traction Assist System, this light should come on briefly when you turn the ignition to RUN.

If the light doesn't come on then, the system may require service; have it fixed so it will be there to warn you if the system is turned off.

If the light stays on, or comes on when you're driving, there may be a problem with your Traction Assist System and your vehicle may need service. When this light is on, the system will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.

The TRACTION OFF light may come on for the following reasons:

DIf you turn the system off by pressing the TAS on/off button the light will come on and stay on. To turn the system back on, press the button again; the light should go off.

DIf you move the shift lever to FIRST (1), the light will come on and stay on to indicate that the traction system is off. This is normal operation. To turn the system back on, move the shift lever back to a position other than FIRST (1); the light should go off. See ªTraction Assist Systemº in the Index.

DThe light will come on and stay on if the TAS automatic engagement feature has been turned off. To turn the system on, press the TAS off/on button; the light should go off. To turn the automatic engagement feature back on, see ªTraction Assist Systemº in the Index.

DIf the Traction Assist System is affected by an anti-lockbrake system, TAS orengine-relatedproblem, the system will turn off and the light will come on. Have your vehicle serviced.

DIf the vehicle is driven over an extremely rough road, the system will turn off and the light will come on. The light will go off a few seconds after the rough road conditions go away or when the vehicle comes to a complete stop. This is normal operation.

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Engine Coolant Temperature Gage

Transmission Temperature Gage

 

 

 

(If Equipped)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

Canada

This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.

It also provides an indicator of how hard your vehicle is working. During a majority of the operation, the gage will read 210_F (100_C) or less. If you are pulling a load or going up hills, it is normal for the temperature to fluctuate and approach the 250_F (122_C) mark. If the gage reaches the 260_F (125_C) mark, it indicates that the cooling system is working beyond its capacity.

See ªEngine Overheatingº in the Index.

United States

Canada

Your vehicle may be equipped with a transmission temperature gage.

When your ignition is on, the gage shows the temperature of the transmission fluid. The normal operating range is from 100_F (38_C) to about 265_F (130_C).

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At approximately 265_F (130_C), the message center will display a TRANS FLUID HOT message and the transmission will enter a transmission protection mode. When the transmission enters the protection mode, you may notice a change in the transmission shifting patterns. The transmission will return to normal shifting patterns when the transmission fluid temperature falls below 260_F (127_C).

See ªMessage Centerº in the Index for further information.

If the transmission fluid reaches temperatures of approximately 275_F (135_C) or greater, the message center will display a TRANS HOT...IDLE ENG warning message. Pull the vehicle off the roadway when it is safe to do so. Set the parking brake, place the transmission in PARK (P) and allow the engine to idle until the transmission temperature falls below 260_F (127_C).

If the transmission continues to operate above 265_F (130_C), please contact your nearest dealer or the GM Roadside Assistance Center. See ªRoadside Assistanceº in the Index.

NOTICE:

If you keep driving your vehicle with the transmission temperature gage above the normal operating range, you can damage the transmission. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered under your warranty.

The following situations can cause the transmission to operate at higher temperatures:

DTowing a trailer

DHot outside air temperatures

DHauling a large or heavy load

DLow transmission fluid level

DHigh transmission fluid level

DRestricted air flow to the radiator and the auxiliary transmission oil cooler (if equipped).

A temporary solution to hotter transmission operating temperatures may be to let the transmission cool down. If the transmission is operated at higher temperatures on a frequent basis, see ªScheduled Maintenanceº in the Index for the proper transmission maintenance intervals.

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Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service Engine Soon Light in the United States or Check Engine Light in Canada)

United States

Canada

Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission control systems.

This system is called OBD II (On-BoardDiagnostics-SecondGeneration) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.

NOTICE:

If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after a while, your emission controls may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by your warranty.

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NOTICE:

Modifications made to the engine, transmission, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with other than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle's emission controls and may cause the SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light to come on. Modifications to these systems could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.

This light should come on, as a check to show you it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not running. If the light doesn't come on, have it repaired.

This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

DLight Flashing -- A misfire condition has been detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and service may be required.

DLight On Steady -- An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and service may be required.

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If the Light Is Flashing

The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle:

DReducing vehicle speed.

DAvoiding hard accelerations.

DAvoiding steep uphill grades.

DIf you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.

If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see ªIf the Light Is On Steadyº following.

If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see ªIf the Light Is On Steadyº following. If the light is still flashing, follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealer or qualified service center for service.

If the Light Is On Steady

You may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following:

Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?

If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install the cap. See ªFilling Your Tankº in the Index. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly installed should turn the light off.

Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?

If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.

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Have you recently changed brands of fuel?

If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See ªFuelº in the Index. Poor fuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up,stalling

when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the light to turn on.

If you experience one or more of these conditions, change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.

If none of the above steps have made the light turn off, have your dealer or qualified service center check the vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed.

Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs

Some state/provincial and local governments have or may begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.

Here are some things you need to know in order to help your vehicle pass an inspection:

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is on or not working properly.

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD (on-boarddiagnostic) system determines that critical emission control systems have not been completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical emission control systems during normal driving. This may take several days of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, see your dealer or qualified service center to prepare the vehicle for inspection.

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Oil Pressure Gage

CAUTION:

Don't keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could be burned.

Check your oil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.

United States

Canada

 

 

The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running. Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).

Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.

A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a dangerously low oil level or some other problem causing low oil pressure. Check your oil as soon as possible. See ªCheck Eng Oil Pressureº and ªEngine Oilº in the Index.

NOTICE:

Damage to your engine from neglected oil problems can be costly and is not covered by your warranty.

2-112

Cruise Light (If Equipped)

United States

Canada

The CRUISE light comes on whenever you set your cruise control. See ªCruise Controlº in the Index.

4WD Light (If Equipped)

The 4WD indicator will light up when you shift a manual transfer case into four-wheeldrive and the front axle engages.

Some delay between shifting and the indicator's lighting is normal.

See ªFour-WheelDriveº in the Index for more information.

Tow/Haul Light

(Automatic Transmissions Only)

This message is displayed when the tow/haul mode has been activated.

For more information see, ªTow/Haul Modeº in the Index.

2-113

Fuel Gage

United States

Canada

When the ignition is on, the fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have left in your tank.

The gage will first indicate empty before you are out of fuel, and you should get more fuel as soon as possible.

When the fuel tank is low the Low Fuel message will appear. See ªMessage Centerº in the Index.

Here are some situations you may experience with your fuel gage. None of these indicate a problem with the fuel gage.

DAt the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off before the gage reads full.

DIt takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the fuel gage indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a little more or less than half the tank's capacity to fill the tank.

DThe gage goes back to empty when you turn off the ignition.

If you have a diesel engine, see ªFuel Gageº in the Diesel Engine Supplement.

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Message Center

The message center is located on the left side of the instrument panel cluster. It gives you important safety and maintenance facts. When you turn the ignition on, the entire center lights up for just a few seconds. As needed, the message center will display one of the following messages. The message center is capable of alternating among different messages if needed.

Battery

If this message is displayed when the engine is running, you may have a problem with your charging system.

The battery display will also stay on while the key is in RUN until the engine is started.

If the message stays on after starting the engine it could indicate a problem with the generator drive belt, or some other charging system problem. Have it checked right away. Driving with this message displayed could drain your battery.

If you must drive a short distance with this message displayed, it helps to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio and the air conditioner.

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Trans Fluid Hot

If you have an automatic transmission, you have a transmission temperature warning display contained in the message center.

If the transmission

fluid temperature becomes high, the message will

be displayed.

When the transmission enters the protection mode you may notice a change in the transmission shifting patterns. When the transmission fluid temperature returns to normal, the display will turn off and the transmission shifting patterns will return to normal.

NOTICE:

If you keep driving your vehicle with the transmission TRANS FLUID HOT message displayed, you can damage the transmission. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered under your warranty.

The following situations can cause the transmission to operate at higher temperatures:

DTowing a trailer

DHot outside air temperatures

DHauling a large or heavy load

DLow transmission fluid level

DHigh transmission fluid level

DRestricted air flow to the radiator and the auxiliary transmission oil cooler (if equipped).

A temporary solution to hotter transmission operating temperatures may be to let the transmission cool down. If the transmission is operated at higher temperatures on a frequent basis, see ªScheduled Maintenanceº in the Index for the proper transmission maintenance intervals.

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Trans Hot...Idle Engine

If you have an automatic transmission, you have a transmission over-temperaturedisplay contained in the message center.

If this warning message is displayed, pull the vehicle off the roadway when it is safe to do so.

Set the parking brake and place the transmission in PARK (P). Idle the engine until the message center no longer displays a message. If idling the engine does not turn the warning message off after 10 to 15 minutes, contact your nearest dealer or the GM Roadside Assistance Center. See ªRoadside Assistanceº in

the Index.

NOTICE:

If you keep driving your vehicle with the transmission TRANS HOT...IDLE ENGINE message displayed, you can damage the transmission. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered under your warranty.

The following situations can cause the transmission to operate at higher temperatures:

DTowing a trailer

DHot outside air temperatures

DHauling a heavy load

DLow transmission fluid level

DHigh transmission fluid level

DRestricted air flow to the radiator and the auxiliary transmission oil cooler (if equipped).

A temporary solution to hotter transmission operating temperatures may be to let the transmission cool down. If the transmission is operated at higher temperatures on a frequent basis, see ªScheduled Maintenanceº in the Index for the proper transmission maintenance intervals.

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Low Coolant

This message is displayed when the cooling system is low on coolant.

The engine may overheat. See ªEngine Coolantº in the Index and have your vehicle serviced as soon as you can.

Check Coolant Temp

This message is displayed when the cooling system temperature gets hot.

Check the coolant temperature gage and the coolant level. See ªEngine Coolantº and ªEngine Coolant Temperature Gageº in the Index. See ªEngine Overheatingº in the Index for further information.

Engine Overheated

This message is displayed when the cooling system temperature gets too hot.

This message will be displayed after the air conditioning system has automatically turned off for the engine coolant protection mode. See ªEngine Overheatingº in the Index for further information.

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Reduced Engine Power

(V8 Gasoline Engines Only)

This message is displayed when the cooling system temperature gets too hot and the engine further enters the engine coolant protection mode.

If your vehicle is equipped with the 8.1L engine, this light may come on because of an electronic throttle control system fault. See ªEngine Overheatingº in the Index for further information.

Check Eng Oil Pressure

This message is displayed when the engine oil pressure is low.

See ªOil Pressure Gageº in the Index for more information.

Check Eng Oil Level (Gasoline Engine)

This message is displayed when the engine oil

level is low.

Once oil is added, it may need time to drain and settle in the engine before this message will turn off. It is best to let the engine cool down (if it is hot) or warm up (if it is cold) and cycle the ignition to be sure this message turns off. Refer to the dipstick for the correct level.

See ªEngine Oilº in the Index on how to check the oil level and for what type of oil to add.

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Change Engine Oil

This message is displayed when the engine oil needs to be changed. The message is only displayed for

15 seconds at the start of each ignition cycle.

When you change the engine oil, be sure to reset the Engine Oil Life Monitor. See ªEngine Oil, When to Changeº in the Index.

Security

This message is

displayed when the content theft-deterrentsystem

has been activated and also monitors the PasslockR System.

If the security message is displayed continuously while driving and stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock System. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock, and you should contact your GM dealer.

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Service 4WD (If Equipped)

If the SERVICE 4WD message comes on, there may be a problem with the automatic transfer case and service is required.

Malfunctions can be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent, which may prevent serious damage to the vehicle. This system is also designed

to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing a malfunction.

Low Washer Fluid

This message is displayed when the vehicle is low on windshield washer fluid. The message is only displayed for 15 seconds at the start of each ignition cycle.

For more information see, ªWindshield Washer Fluidº in the Index.

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Cargo Lamp On

This message is displayed when the cargo lamp is turned on and the ignition key is turned to RUN.

Low Fuel

This message is displayed when your vehicle is

low on fuel.

Refer to the fuel gage for a better indication of the amount of fuel remaining in the fuel tank.

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Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems

In this section, you'll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.

3-2

Comfort Controls

 

3-13

Setting the Clock for Systems with HR and

 

3-2

Standard Comfort Controls

 

 

MN Buttons

3-3

Heater and Air Conditioning Comfort

 

3-14

AM-FMStereo

3-5

Controls (If Equipped)

 

3-16

AM-FMStereo with Compact Disc Player and

Electronic Climate Control System

 

3-20

Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)

 

(If Equipped)

 

Remote Cassette Tape Player (If Equipped)

3-9

Air Conditioning

 

3-22

Theft-DeterrentFeature (If Equipped)

3-10

Heating

 

3-25

Understanding Radio Reception

3-10

Defogging and Defrosting

 

3-25

Tips About Your Audio System

3-10

Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)

 

3-26

Care of Your Compact Discs

3-11

Ventilation System

 

3-26

Care of Your Compact Disc Player

3-13

Audio Systems

 

3-26

Fixed Mast Antenna

3-13

Setting the Clock for Systems with

 

 

 

 

SET Button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-1

Comfort Controls

Standard Comfort Controls

Fan Knob

The knob on the left side of the control panel adjusts the fan speed. To increase airflow, turn the knob clockwise. To decrease airflow, turn it counterclockwise. To turn the fan off, turn the knob to OFF.

Temperature Knob

The middle knob on the control panel lets you select the temperature of the air flowing into the passenger area. Turn the knob clockwise toward the red area for warmer air. Turn the knob counterclockwise toward the blue area for cooler air.

Mode Knob

The right knob on the control panel allows you to choose the direction of air delivery.

(Vent): This setting directs the air through the instrument panel outlets.

(Bi-Level): Air is delivered through the floor outlets as well as the instrument panel outlets. The air flow can be divided between instrument panel and floor outlets depending upon where the knob is placed between the settings.

(Floor): This setting directs most of the air through the floor outlets, and the rest of the air is divided between the windshield defroster outlets and the side window defroster outlets.

(Blend): Airflow is delivered through the floor outlets, the windshield defroster outlets and the side window defroster outlets. The air flow can be divided between floor and defrost depending upon where the knob is placed between the settings.

(Defrost): This setting directs most air through the windshield defroster outlets, side window defroster outlets and some through the floor outlets.

3-2

Heater and Air Conditioning Comfort

Controls (If Equipped)

Fan Knob

The knob on the left side of the control panel adjusts the fan speed. To increase airflow, turn the knob clockwise. To decrease airflow, turn it counterclockwise. To turn the fan off, turn the knob to OFF.

Temperature Knob

The middle knob on the control panel lets you select the temperature of the air flowing into the passenger area. Turn the knob clockwise toward the red area for warmer air. Turn the knob counterclockwise toward the blue area for cooler air.

Mode Knob

The right knob on the control panel allows you to choose the direction of air delivery.

(Vent): This setting directs the air through the instrument panel outlets and the center floor console (if equipped).

(Bi-Level): Air is delivered through the instrument panel outlets and center floor console outlets (if equipped) as well as the floor outlets. The air flow can be divided between panel and floor depending on where the knob is placed between the settings. Pressing the A/C button while in this mode causes cooler air to come out of the instrument panel outlets and center floor console outlets (if equipped) and warmer air to come out of the floor outlets.

(Floor): This setting directs most of the warmed air through the floor outlets and center floor console outlets (if equipped), as well as some

air through the windshield defroster outlets and side window defroster outlets. If air from the center floor console outlets is not desired, turn the vents off at the console.

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(Blend): Airflow is delivered through the floor outlets, center floor console outlets (if equipped), the windshield defroster outlets and the side window defroster outlets. The air conditioning compressor may run to dehumidify the air to prevent window fogging.

(Defrost): This setting directs most of the air through the windshield defroster outlets, side window defroster outlets and some air through the floor and center floor console outlets (if equipped). If air from the center floor console is not desired, or more defroster performance is desired, turn the vents off at the console. When in defrost mode, the air conditioning compressor may run to dehumidifying the air and limit window fogging.

(Outside Air): Press this button to direct the system to use outside air.

Pressing the outside air button will cancel the recirculation button.

(Recirculation): Press this button to limit the amount of outside air entering the vehicle. This is helpful when you are trying to limit odors entering the vehicle or attempting to quickly cool down the interior. Pressing recirculation will recirculate air continuously.

Recirculation is used when the fan is OFF to limit odors, outside air and dust from entering your vehicle. All button lights will go off. The last setting selected will activate when the fan is turned back on.

Pressing the recirculation button will cancel the outside air button. To return to normal operation and to prevent stale air, be sure to return to outside air.

If the mode knob is placed between floor and blend mode, outside air is forced to reduce window fogging. If the recirculation button is pressed, the LED indicator will flash three times indicating that forced outside air is activated and recirculation is not available.

3-4

The auto recirculation feature will activate when the following are true:

DThe air conditioning system is activated,

Dthe outside air button is on, and

Dthe vehicle load is high due to city traffic, extended idling or hot weather.

The system will automatically switch to the recirculation mode to lower the system load and improve interior comfort. The outside air and recirculation button LEDs will not change. The system will return to the outside air function when the system load is reduced.

A/C (Air Conditioning): Press this button to turn the air conditioning on and off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle when the A/C light is on.

Air conditioning will be automatically disabled when the outside temperature drops below a level at which air conditioning is effective.

Electronic Climate Control System

(If Equipped)

Fan Control

The knob on the left side of the electronic climate control panel operates the fan speed. To manually increase airflow, move the knob clockwise. To manually decrease airflow, move it counterclockwise.

OFF: If the knob is in OFF, outside air will still enter the vehicle, and will be directed based on the position of the mode knob.

3-5

AUTO: If the knob is in AUTO, the fan speed will vary as the system maintains the selected temperature.

When both the fan control and mode knobs are in the AUTO position, the system will then automatically maintain the last selected temperature setting. Manual control of functions is also available.

Temperature Knob

The middle knob on the control panel lets you select the desired air temperature in your vehicle. This knob will allow you to adjust the interior air temperature setting. Move the knob clockwise toward 82_F (28_C) for warmer air. Move the knob counterclockwise toward 66_F (19_C) for cooler air. When the system is set for automatic operation, sensors will control the fan speed.

Full Hot: If you turn the temperature knob past 82_F (28_C), the system will go into the ªfull hotº mode. The system will remain at that maximum heating setting and the fan will blow at the speed the fan knob is set to. If the fan is in AUTO, it will run at full speed.

Full Cold: If you turn the temperature knob past 66_F (19_C), the system will go into the ªfull coldº mode. The system will remain at that maximum cooling setting and the fan will blow at the speed the fan knob is set to. If the fan is in AUTO, it will run at full speed.

Mode Knob -- Manual Operation

The right knob on the control panel allows you to choose the direction of air delivery.

You can choose to set the climate control system yourself, or let the system work for you by placing the system in AUTO mode. See ªMode Knob -- Automatic Operationº later in this section.

(Vent): This setting directs most of the air through the instrument panel outlets and a small amount through the floor outlets.

(Bi-Level): Air is delivered through the floor outlets as well as the instrument panel outlets.

(Floor): This setting directs most of the air through the floor outlets and some air through the windshield defroster outlets.

3-6

(Blend): Airflow is divided equally between the floor outlet and the windshield defroster outlets. The air conditioning compressor may run to dehumidify the air to prevent window fogging.

(Defrost): This setting directs most of the air through the windshield defroster outlets with airflow also delivered from the side window and the floor outlets. When in defrost mode, the air conditioning compressor may run to dehumidify the air and limit window fogging.

(Outside Air): Press this button to force the system to use outside air. Press it again to close off the outside air.

Pressing the outside air button will cancel the recirculation button.

(Recirculation): Press this button to limit the amount of outside air entering your vehicle. This is helpful when you are trying to limit odors entering your vehicle or attempting to quickly cool down the interior. In the AUTO mode, the system will use recirculation as necessary to cool the air. Pressing the recirculation button will change the operation to a manual mode and the air will recirculatenon-stop.Press this button again to turn off the recirculation feature.

Recirculation may be selected with the fan control in OFF to limit odors, outside air and dust from entering your vehicle.

Pressing the recirculation button will cancel the outside air button.

A/C: Press this button to turn the air conditioning on and off. The system will cool and dehumidify the air inside the vehicle when the A/C light is on. When in AUTO, the A/C is automatically engaged when necessary.

Air conditioning will be automatically disabled when the outside air temperature drops below a level at which air conditioning is effective.

Remember that in order for the automatic system to perform well, it needs A/C to provide cooling performance.

3-7

Mode Knob -- Automatic Operation

The right knob on the control panel allows you to choose the direction of air delivery. When the system is set for automatic operation, sensors will control the air delivery mode. Air will come primarily from the floor or instrument panel outlets, with some air directed to the windshield to prevent fogging.

When the system is in AUTO mode, the air conditioning light will turn on, and the recirculation and outside air lights turn off. With the system in full auto control (both the fan and mode knobs in AUTO), you still

have the ability to override any function. However, continually overriding the outside air or the A/C compressor will limit the ability of the system to cool the vehicle quickly.

If you push a button for a function which is not available, the light next to that button will flash three times to alert you that it's not available.

To find your comfort zone, start with the 74_F (23_C) setting and allow about 20 minutes for the system to adjust the temperature if necessary.

With the automatic setting, the air conditioning compressor automatically cycles when needed to cool the air. In cold weather, when the system senses the need for heat, the airflow will be directed out of the floor outlets. As the interior temperature approaches a desired setting, the fan speed will decrease. To maintain interior comfort, the airflow will adjust between the instrument panel outlets and floor outlets. On bright sunny days in cool weather, the airflow may come out of the air conditioning and floor outlets (bi-levelmode) to maintain comfort and prevent stuffiness.

To avoid blowing cold air in cold weather, the system will delay turning on the fan until warm air is available. The length of delay depends on the outside air temperature, engine coolant temperature or the time since the engine was last started. As the coolant warms up, the fan speed will gradually increase and air will flow from the floor outlets, with some airflow to

the windshield to prevent fogging under most normal conditions.

Be careful not to put anything over the solar sensor located around the center of the instrument panel. This sensor is used by the automatic system to regulate temperature.

3-8

Air Conditioning

On hot days, open the windows long enough to let hot air inside escape. This reduces the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. Then keep your windows closed for the air conditioner to work its best.

The recirculation button allows the air inside your vehicle to be recirculated. This setting helps to maximize your air conditioner's performance and your vehicle's fuel economy. This setting also cools air the fastest and can be used to keep unwanted odors and/or dust from entering the vehicle. When using the air conditioner, turn off the recirculation button after the vehicle reaches a comfortable interior temperature. When the right knob on the control panel is between floor and defrost, the recirculation feature will not function to reduce window fogging.

The A/C button, below the mode knob, allows the air coming into your vehicle to be cooled. This setting is useful for normal cooling on hot days.

When you use A/C with the recirculation button pushed in, turn off recirculation as soon as the vehicle reaches a comfortable interior temperature.

Maximum air conditioning performance is obtained by pressing the A/C button, the recirculation button and turning the temperature knob fully counterclockwise to the blue area. This setting also cools air the fastest. After the vehicle's interior reaches a comfortable temperature, press the outside air button to place the air conditioning system in the normal mode.

Passenger Compartment Air Filter (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has air conditioning, it is equipped with a passenger compartment air filter, which filters outside air entering the vehicle. For information on replacing the filter see ªPassenger Compartment Air Filterº in the Index.

3-9

Heating

The heater works best if you keep your windows closed while using it. On cold days, use the floor or bi-levelsetting with the temperature knob in the red area.

On cold days, approximately 32_F(-0_C)or lower, if your vehicle is equipped with an automatic transmission, you may experience differences in how the transmission shifts until the engine is warm. This feature automatically reduces the time it takes for the engine to reach normal operating temperature and shortens the time it takes the heater to reach full output.

If you use the engine coolant heater before starting your engine in cold weather, 20_F(-8_C)or lower, the heating system will produce warmer air faster to heat the passenger compartment.

The use of an engine coolant heater also reduces the time it takes for the engine to reach normal operating temperature. For more information, see ªEngine Coolant Heaterº in the Index.

Defogging and Defrosting

On cool, humid days, use defrost to keep the windshield and side windows clear. Use defrost to remove fog or ice from the windshield in extremely humid or cold conditions. Use defrost with the temperature knob toward the red area and the fan control turned all the way to the right.

Rear Window Defogger (If Equipped)

If you see lines running across the rear window, your vehicle has a rear window defogger. The lines warm the glass.

To turn on the rear window defogger, press this button next to the fan knob.

The rear window defogger will only work if the ignition is in RUN. For best results, clear the window of as much snow or ice as possible.

3-10

The defogger will shut itself off after several minutes. If you need additional warming time, press the button again. You can turn the defogger off at any time by pressing the button.

If your vehicle is equipped with heated outside mirrors, the rear window defogger button will also activate the heated outside mirrors.

Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape or decals across the defogger grid on the rear window.

NOTICE:

Don't use a razor blade or something else sharp on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs wouldn't be covered by your warranty.

Ventilation System

For mild outside temperatures when little heating or cooling is needed, use vent to direct outside air through your vehicle.

Your vehicle's ventilation system supplies outside air to the inside of your vehicle when it is moving. With the side windows closed, air will flow into the front air inlet grilles, through the vehicle, and out the air exhaust valves.

Outside air will also enter the vehicle when the floor or the air conditioning fan is running, unless you have the recirculation button pushed in. For more information on the recirculation mode, see ªAir Conditioningº earlier in this section.

3-11

Your vehicle has air outlets in the center and on the sides of your instrument panel.

You can move the levers from side-to-sideor up and down to direct the flow of air. The left driver and passenger outlets on vehicles equipped with air conditioning have shut off levers. Turn the knob counterclockwise to shut off air flow or clockwise to allow air flow. When you close an outlet, it will increase the flow of air coming out of any outlets that are open. The center outlet does not completely shut off airflow.

Ventilation Tips

DKeep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or any other obstruction (such as leaves). The heater and defroster will work far better, reducing the chance of fogging the inside of your windows.

DWhen you enter a vehicle in cold weather, turn the fan knob all the way to the right for a few moments before driving. This helps clear the intake ducts of snow and moisture, and reduces the chance of fogging the inside of your windows.

DKeep the air path under the front seats clear of objects. This helps air to circulate throughout your vehicle.

DThe use of hood air deflectors may adversely affect the performance of the heating and air conditioning system.

3-12

Audio Systems

Your audio system has been designed to operate easily and give years of listening pleasure. You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it first. Find out what your audio system can do and how to operate all of its controls to be sure you're getting the most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.

Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio system even after the ignition is turned off. See ªRetained Accessory Powerº in the Index.

Setting the Clock for Systems with the Set Button

Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the right SEEK arrow until the correct minute appears on the display. Press and hold the left SEEK arrow until the correct hour appears on the display.

Setting the Clock for Systems with HR and MN Buttons

Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute appears on the display. To display the clock with the ignition off, press RECALL or HR/MN and the time will be displayed for a few seconds. There is an initial two-seconddelay before the clock goes into thetime-setmode.

3-13

AM-FMStereo

Playing the Radio

Power: Turn the VOLUME knob clockwise to turn the system on and counterclockwise to turn the system off.

VOLUME: Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume.

RECALL: Pressing this knob will display the station being played or it will display the clock. Clock display is available with the ignition turned off.

Finding a Station

AM-FM: Press this knob to switch between AM, FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.

3-14

TUNE: Turn this knob to tune in radio stations.

SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the next or previous station and stay there.

SCAN : Press both SCAN arrows. SCAN will appear on the display. The radio will scan to the next station, play for a few seconds, then scan to the next station. Press the RECALL knob or both SCAN arrows to stop scanning.

Setting Preset Stations

The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 21 stations (seven AM, seven FM1 and seven FM2) by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM-FMto select the band.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press SET. SET will appear on the display.

5.Press one of the four pushbuttons within five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return.

6.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

In addition to the four stations already set, up to three more stations may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time and by performing the following steps:

1.Tune in the desired station.

2.Press SET. SET will appear on the display.

3.Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time, within five seconds. Whenever you press the same two pushbuttons, the station you set will return.

4.Repeat the steps for each pair of pushbuttons.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

BASS: Slide this lever up or down to increase or decrease bass.

TREB (Treble): Slide this lever up or down to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

BAL (Balance): Turn the control ring behind the upper knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle position balances the sound between the speakers.

FADE: Turn the control ring behind the lower knob to move the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle position balances the sound between the speakers.

3-15

AM-FMStereo with Compact Disc Player and Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on and off.

VOL (Volume): Turn this knob clockwise to increase volume. Turn it counterclockwise to decrease volume. The knob is capable of turning continuously.

SCV (Speed-CompensatedVolume):With SCV, your audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road and wind noise as you drive. Set the volume at the desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper knob clockwise to adjust the SCV. Each notch on the control ring allows for more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should always sound the same to you as you drive. If you don't want to use SCV, turn the control all the way down.

RECALL: Pressing this button will display the station being played or it will display the clock. Clock display is available with the ignition turned off.

Finding a Station

AM FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FM1 and FM2. The display will show your selection.

TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to choose radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored position when you're not using it.

3-16

SEEK : Press the right or left arrow to seek to the next station or previous station and stay there. The radio will seek to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will mute while seeking.

To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The radio will scan to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning. The radio will scan to stations with a strong signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.

P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button to scan through your favorite stations stored on your pushbuttons. P.SCAN will appear on the display. The radio will scan to the first preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press this button again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning. The channel number (P1 through P6) will appear with the frequency. The

radio will scan preset stations with a strong signal only. The sound will mute while scanning.

Setting Preset Stations

The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2) by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM FM to select the band.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press AUTO TONE to select the setting you prefer.

5.Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons. The sound will mute. When it returns, release the pushbutton. Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return and the tone you selected will be automatically selected for that pushbutton.

6.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

3-17

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob clockwise to increase bass and counterclockwise to decrease bass.

TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob clockwise to increase treble and counterclockwise to decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.

Push these knobs back into their stored positions when you're not using them.

AUTO TONE: This feature allows you to choose bass and treble equalization settings designed for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock and classical stations.

Each time you press the AUTO TONE button, this feature will switch to one of these program types.

To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, either press and release the AUTO TONE button until the display goes blank or press and release the BASS or TREB knobs and turn them until the display goes blank.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust sound to the right speakers and counterclockwise to adjust sound to the left speakers. The middle position balances the sound between the speakers.

FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob clockwise to adjust the sound to the front speakers and counterclockwise for the rear speakers. The middle position balances the sound between the speakers.

Push these knobs back into their stored positions when you're not using them.

Playing a Compact Disc

Insert a disc partway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc should play. CD and a CD symbol will also appear on the display. Anytime you are playing a CD, the letters CD will be next to the CD symbol.

If an error appears on the display, see ªCompact Disc Messagesº later in this section.

1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to search for the previous track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the disc will advance further. Sound is muted in this mode.

3-18

2 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to play the tracks on the disc in random order. RANDOM will appear on the display. Press this pushbutton again to return to normal play.

3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to search for the next track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the disc will advance further. The next track number will appear on the display. Sound is muted in this mode.

REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to return rapidly to a favorite passage. You will hear the disc play at high speed while you press this pushbutton. This allows you to listen and find out when the disc is at the desired passage. Release this pushbutton to resume playing.

FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton

to advance rapidly within a track. You will hear the disc play at high speed while you press this pushbutton. This allows you to listen and find out when the disc is at the desired passage. Release this pushbutton to resume playing.

SEEK : The right arrow is the same as NEXT, and a the left arrow is the same as PREV. If the right or left arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving forward or backward through the disc.

RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how long the CD has been playing that track. Elapsed time is displayed in minutes and seconds. The track number will also appear when a new track begins to play. Press this button again to return to the time display.

AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when playing a CD. The CD symbol will still display but the word CD will be replaced with either AM, FM1 or FM2. If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in the player and will resume playing at the point where it stopped.

CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a

CD when listening to the radio. When a disc is playing, the letters CD and the CD symbol will appear on the display. If the radio is turned off, the disc stays in

the player and will resume playing at the point where it stopped.

EJECT: Press this button to eject the disc from the player and play the radio. When the same or a new disc is inserted, the disc will start playing on track one. If a compact disc is left sitting in the opening for more than a few seconds, the player will pull the CD back in. The radio will continue playing. When the ignition is off, press this button to load a CD.

3-19

Compact Disc Messages

ERR (Error): If this message appears and the disc comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

DIf you're driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smooth the disc should play.

DIf it's very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the disc should play.

DThe disc is upside down.

DIt is dirty, scratched or wet.

DThe air is very humid. (If so, wait about an hour and try again.)

DIf the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

Press RECALL to make ERR go off of the display.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can't be corrected, contact your dealer.

Remote Cassette Tape Player (If Equipped)

If your vehicle has this feature it is located in the center console extension.

Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well in this player.

To load a cassette tape with the ignition off, first press EJECT on the remote player. Then, insert the cassette tape. The tape will play if the ignition is on but the radio is off.

3-20

Once the tape is playing, use the control knobs for VOL, AUTO TONE, BAL, FADE, BASS and TREB just as you do for the radio. A lighted tape symbol shows when a cassette tape is in the player. A lighted arrow will also appear and show the direction of play when a tape is active.

The player automatically senses if the cassette tape is metal or CrO2 and adjusts for best playback sound.

Anytime a cassette tape is inserted, the top side is selected for play first.

Primary Radio Controls

The following functions are controlled by the main radio:

1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton or the left SEEK arrow (in the opposite direction that the lighted tape direction arrow points) to search for the previous selection. A minimumthree-secondblank gap is needed for the player to stop at the beginning of the selection. The tape direction arrow will blink during the SEEK operation and the sound is muted in this mode.

3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton or the right SEEK arrow (in the direction that the lighted tape direction arrow points) to search for the next selection. The tape direction arrow will blink during SEEK operation and the sound is muted in this mode.

REV 4 (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to rapidly reverse the tape. The tape will rapidly reverse to the beginning of the cassette or until you press this pushbutton again. The radio plays the last selected station during reverse operation.

5: Press this pushbutton to turn Dolby NR on

and off. Dolby NR is active when a tape is inserted in the remote cassette. The double-Dsymbol will appear on the display.

Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby and the double-Dsymbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.

FWD 6 (Forward): Press this pushbutton to rapidly advance the tape. The tape will rapidly advance to the end of the cassette or until you press this pushbutton again. The radio plays the last selected station during forward operation.

3-21

AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a tape is playing. The inactive tape will remain in the player.

CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a

tape when listening to the radio. The lighted arrow will appear next to the symbol and show the direction of play when a tape is active.

Remote Cassette Tape Player Controls

The following functions are controlled by the remote cassette tape player:

PROG (Program): Press this button on the remote player to go from one side of the tape to the other.

EJECT: Press this button on the remote player to remove the tape. EJECT can be used with either the ignition or radio off. Also, you must press EJECT before loading a cassette with the radio off to allow loading.

Theft-DeterrentFeature (If Equipped)

THEFTLOCKR is designed to discourage theft of your radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio functions whenever battery power is removed.

The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK is activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.

When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery power has been interrupted. If your battery loses power for any reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code before it will operate.

3-22

Activating the Theft-DeterrentFeature

The instructions which follow explain how to enter your secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is recommended that you read through all nine steps before starting the procedure.

If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.

1.Write down any three or four-digitnumber from 000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from the vehicle.

2.Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.

3.Turn the radio off.

4.Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time. Hold them down until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the secret code number which you have written down.

5.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

6.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

7.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

8.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show REP to let you know that you need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your secret code.

9.Press AM FM and this time the display will show SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The LED indicator by the volume knob will begin flashing when the ignition is turned off.

Unlocking the Theft-DeterrentFeature After a

Power Loss

Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps:

1.Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on the display.

2.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

3.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

4.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

5.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is now operable and secure.

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If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour with the ignition on before you can try again. When you try again, you will only have three chances to enter the correct code before INOP appears.

If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.

Disabling the Theft-DeterrentFeature

Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps:

1.Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.

2.Turn the radio off.

3.Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time. Hold them down until SEC shows on the display.

4.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

5.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

6.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

7.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code

matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show ---,indicating that the radio is no longer secured.

If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the display. The radio will remain secured until the correct code is entered.

When battery power is removed and later applied to a secured radio, the radio won't turn on and LOC will appear on the display.

To unlock a secured radio, see ªUnlocking the Theft-DeterrentFeature After a Power Lossº earlier in this section.

3-24

Understanding Radio Reception

AM

The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise if you ever get it.

FM Stereo

FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go.

Tips About Your Audio System

Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe sound level before your hearing adapts to it.

To help avoid hearing loss or damage do the following:

1.Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.

2.Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and clearly.

NOTICE:

Before you add any sound equipment to your vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile telephone ortwo-wayradio-- be sure you can add what you want. If you can, it's very important to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle's engine, Delphi Electronics

radio or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle's systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added improperly.

So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and be sure to check federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units.

Cleaning Your Remote Cassette Tape Player

Your remote tape player should be cleaned regularly after every 50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate that you have used your remote cassette tape player for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer.

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If this message appears on the display, your remote cassette player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.

The recommended cleaning method for your remote cassette tape player is the use of a scrubbing action, non-abrasivecleaning cassette with pads, which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The recommended cleaning cassette is available through your dealer (GM Part No. 12344789).

Use the following procedure to clean your remote cassette tape player.

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Insert the recommended cleaning cassette.

3.If the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the cassette at least three times to ensure thorough cleaning.

4.Eject the cleaning cassette if it does not eject on its own.

After you clean the remote cassette tape player, press and hold the RECALL button on the radio until CLN appears on the radio display. While still pressing the RECALL button, press the EJECT button on the remote cassette tape player. Release both buttons when the radio displays ---,indicating that the CLN indicator has been reset.

Care of Your Compact Discs

Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight and dust. If the surface of a disc is soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.

Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.

Care of Your Compact Disc Player

The use of CD lens cleaner discs is not advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.

Fixed Mast Antenna

The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should replace it.

Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still tightened to the cowl. If tightening is required, tighten by hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.

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Section 4 Your Driving and the Road

Here you'll find information about driving on different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We've also included many other useful tips on driving.

4-2

Defensive Driving

 

4-35

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads

 

4-3

Drunken Driving

 

4-38

City Driving

4-6

Control of a Vehicle

 

4-39

Freeway Driving

4-6

Braking

 

4-40

Before Leaving on a Long Trip

4-9

Traction Assist System (TAS) (Option)

 

4-41

Highway Hypnosis

4-12

Steering

 

4-42

Hill and Mountain Roads

4-14

Off-RoadRecovery

 

4-44

Winter Driving

4-14

Passing

 

4-48

Recreational Vehicle Towing

4-16

Loss of Control

 

4-52

Loading Your Vehicle

4-17

Off-RoadDriving with Your

 

4-62

Camper Wiring Harness (If Equipped)

 

Four-Wheel-DriveVehicle

 

4-62

Pickup Conversion to Chassis Cab

4-34

Driving at Night

 

4-63

Towing a Trailer

 

 

 

 

 

4-1

Defensive Driving

The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.

Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up. See ªSafety Beltsº in the Index.

Defensive driving really means ªbe ready for anything.º On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means ªalways expect the unexpected.º

Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.

Rear-endcollisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It's the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.

Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the

floor -- makes proper defensive driving more difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull

off the road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving techniques could save your life.

4-2

Drunken Driving

Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It's the number one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year.

Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:

DJudgment

DMuscular Coordination

DVision

DAttentiveness.

Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-relateddeaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking and driving. In recent years, about 16,000 annual motorvehicle-relateddeaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.

Many adults -- by some estimates, nearly half the adult population-- choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it's against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these laws.

The obvious way to solve the leading highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is ªtoo muchº if the driver plans to drive? It's a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on each person

and situation, here is some general information on the problem.

The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things:

DThe amount of alcohol consumed

DThe drinker's body weight

DThe amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking

DThe length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol.

According to the American Medical Association, a 180-lb.(82 kg) person who drinks three12-ounce(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a

BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce(120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had1-1/2ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.

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It's the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person's BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.

There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water than men.

Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight when each has the same number of drinks.

The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.

The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we've seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.

But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching

0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of

0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!

4-4

The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. ªI'll be carefulº isn't the right answer. What if there's an emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.

There's something else about drinking and driving that many people don't know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person's system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that person's chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the person had not been drinking.

CAUTION:

Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and judgment can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You can have a serious -- or even fatal-- collision if you drive after drinking.

Please don't drink and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you're with a group, designate a driver who will not drink.

4-5

Control of a Vehicle

You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.

Sometimes, as when you're driving on snow or ice, it's easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle.

Braking

Braking action involves perception time andreaction time.

First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That's perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That'sreaction time.

Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that's only an average. It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important.

And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road (whether it's pavement or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.

4-6

Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking-- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.

That means better braking and longer brake life.

If your engine ever stops while you're driving, brake normally but don't pump your brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

Anti-LockBrake System (ABS)

Your vehicle has anti-lockbrakes. ABS is an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid.

When you start your engine and begin to drive away, your anti-lockbrake system will check itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test is going on. This is normal.

If there's a problem with the anti-lockbrake system, this warning light will stay on.

See ªAnti-LockBrake System Warning Lightº in the Index.

4-7

Let's say the road is wet and you're driving safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here's what happens with ABS:

A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at both rear wheels.

The anti-locksystem can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle while braking hard.

As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.

4-8

Remember: Anti-lockdoesn't change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you won't have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you haveanti-lockbrakes.

Using Anti-Lock

Don't pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down firmly and let anti-lockwork for you. You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise, but this is normal.

Braking in Emergencies

With anti-lock,you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking.

Traction Assist System (TAS) (Option)

Your vehicle may have a Traction Assist System (TAS) that limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in slippery road conditions. The system operates only if it senses that one or both of the rear wheels are spinning or beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the system reduces engine power to limit wheel spin.

This light will come on when the TAS is limiting wheel spin.

See ªLow Traction Lightº in the Index.

You may hear or feel the system working or notice a lack of accelerator response, but this is normal.

4-9

The Traction Assist System may operate on dry roads under some conditions. When this happens, you may notice a reduction in acceleration. This is normal and doesn't mean there's a problem with your vehicle.

Examples of these conditions include a hard acceleration in a turn, an abrupt upshift or downshift of the transmission or driving on rough roads.

If your vehicle is in cruise control when the TAS begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise control will automatically disengage. When road conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may re-engagethe cruise control. See ªCruise Controlº in the Index.

When the TRACTION OFF light is on, the TAS is off and will not limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.

The TRACTION OFF light will come on under the following conditions:

DThe Traction Assist System is turned off, either by pressing the TAS on/off button or turning off the automatic engagement feature of the TAS.

DThe transmission is in FIRST (1); TAS will not operate in this gear. This is normal.

DThe vehicle is driven on an extremely rough road. When the vehicle leaves the rough surface, slows down or stops, the light will go off and TAS will be on again. This is normal.

DA Traction Assist System, Anti-LockBrake System orengine-relatedproblem has been detected and the vehicle needs service.

See ªTraction Off Lightº in the Index.

The Traction Assist System, as delivered from the factory, will automatically come on whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin, especially in slippery road conditions, you should always leave the system on. But you can turn the TAS off if you ever need to. You should turn the TAS off if your vehicle ever gets stuck in sand, mud or snow and rocking the vehicle is required. See ªRocking Your Vehicleº in the Index.

4-10

To turn the system on or off press the TAS on/off button located to the left of the steering wheel on the instrument panel.

If you used the button to turn the system off, the TRACTION OFF light will come on and stay on. You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing the button again. The TRACTION OFF light should go off.

If desired, you can change the TAS automatic engagement feature so that the system will not come on automatically when the engine is started. To do so:

1.Park the vehicle with the ignition off and the transmission in PARK (P).

2.Turn the ignition to RUN; do not start the engine.

3.Apply the brake pedal, press the accelerator pedal to the floor and then press the TAS on/off button and hold it down for at least six seconds.

4.Release the TAS button and both pedals.

5.Turn off the ignition and wait a few seconds.

The next time you start your vehicle, the TAS will not automatically come on. You can restore the automatic feature by using the same procedure. Whether the TAS is set to come on automatically or not, you can always turn the system on or off by pressing the TAS on/off button.

4-11

Steering

Power Steering

If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

Steering Tips

Driving on Curves

It's important to take curves at a reasonable speed.

A lot of the ªdriver lost controlº accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here's why:

Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn the front wheels. If there's no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you've ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you'll understand this.

The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you're in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.

Suppose you're steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control systems -- steering and acceleration-- have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those

places. You can lose control. Refer to ªTraction Assist Systemº in the Index.

What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.

Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you'll want to go slower.

If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.

Try to adjust your speed so you can ªdriveº through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.

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Steering in Emergencies

There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop

in time. But sometimes you can't; there isn't room. That's the time for evasive action -- steering around the problem.

Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes. See ªBraking in Emergenciesº earlier in this section. It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left

or right depending on the space available.

An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o'clock positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.

The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.

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Off-RoadRecovery

You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you're driving.

If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarterturn until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.

Passing

The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lanehighway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?

Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lanehighway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents-- thehead-oncollision.

So here are some tips for passing:

DªDrive ahead.º Look down the road, to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.

DWatch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it's all right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

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DDo not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you're awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you're following a larger vehicle. Also, you won't have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.

DWhen it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don't get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a ªrunning startº that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity.

DIf other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone isn't trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.

Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

DCheck your mirrors, glance over your shoulder and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. (Remember that if your right outside mirror is convex, the vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.)

DTry not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-laneroads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.

DDon't overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn.

DIf you're being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.

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Loss of Control

Let's review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don't have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.

In any emergency, don't give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.

Skidding

In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not ªoverdrivingº those conditions. But skids are

always possible.

The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle's three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels aren't rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.

A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.

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A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal. If you have the ªTraction Assist System,º remember: It helps avoid only the acceleration skid. If you do not have this system, or if the system is off, then an acceleration skid is also best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.

If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid if it occurs.

Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you'll want to slow down and adjust your driving to these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited.

While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to make a ªmirrored surfaceº-- and slow down when you have any doubt.

Remember: Any anti-lockbrake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid.

Off-RoadDriving with YourFour-Wheel-DriveVehicle

This off-roadguide is for vehicles that havefour-wheeldrive.

Also, see ªAnti-LockBrakesº in the Index.

If your vehicle doesn't have four-wheeldrive, you shouldn't driveoff-roadunless you're on a level, solid surface.

Off-roaddriving can be great fun. But it does have some definite hazards. The greatest of these is the terrain itself.

ªOff-roadingºmeans you've left the great North American road system behind. Traffic lanes aren't marked. Curves aren't banked. There are no road signs. Surfaces can be slippery, rough, uphill or downhill.

In short, you've gone right back to nature.

Off-roaddriving involves some new skills. And that's why it's very important that you read this guide. You'll find many driving tips and suggestions. These will help make youroff-roaddriving safer and more enjoyable.

If you think you will need some more ground clearance at the front of your vehicle, you can easily remove the front bumper lower air dam.

The front bumper lower air dam is held in place by a series of push pins located around the lower edge of the front bumper. The push-pinsare accessible from underneath the front bumper.

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The following steps must be performed on each of the push-pinsto remove the air dam:

1. Insert a tool into the push-pinslot and pull downward until thepush-pinsnaps loose.

2. While continuing to pull downward on the push-pin,squeeze and turn the expandable end of thepush-pinwith a tool until it releases from the retainer.

3. Pull the push-pinsand lower air dam assembly away from the retainers until the lower air dam is free.

When you're back on roads, though, be sure to replace the air dam.

NOTICE:

Operating your vehicle for extended periods without the front bumper lower air dam installed can cause improper air flow to the engine and may allow things like fog lamps or tow hooks on the front of your vehicle to be damaged. Always be sure to replace the front bumper air dam when you're finished off-roaddriving.

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To reinstall the lower air dam, do the following:

1. Line up each push-pinwith its intended retainer and push the washer portion of thepush-pintowards the retainer until it locks into place.

2. Push the flat end of the push-pintowards the retainer until it locks into place, making sure each is secure.

Before You Go Off-Roading

There are some things to do before you go out.

For example, be sure to have all necessary maintenance and service work done. Check to make sure all underbody shields (if so equipped) are properly attached. Be sure you read all the information about your four-wheel-drivevehicle in this manual. Is there enough fuel? Is the spare tire fully inflated? Are the fluid levels up where they should be? What are the local laws that apply tooff-roadingwhere you'll be driving? If you don't know, you should check with law enforcement people in the area. Will you be on someone's private land? If so, be sure to get the necessary permission.

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Loading Your Vehicle for Off-RoadDriving

There are some important things to remember about how to load your vehicle.

DThe heaviest things should be on the load floor and forward of your rear axle. Put heavier items as far forward as you can.

DBe sure the load is secured properly, so driving on the off-roadterrain doesn't toss things around.

CAUTION:

DCargo on the load floor piled higher than the seatbacks can be thrown forward during a sudden stop. You or your passengers could be injured. Keep cargo below the top of the seatbacks.

DUnsecured cargo on the load floor can be tossed about when driving over rough terrain. You or your passengers can be struck by flying objects. Secure the cargo properly.

DHeavy loads on the roof raise the vehicle's center of gravity, making it more likely to roll over. You can be seriously or fatally injured if the vehicle rolls over. Put heavy loads inside the cargo area, not on the roof. Keep cargo in the cargo area as far forward and low as possible.

You'll find other important information in this manual. See ªVehicle Loading,º ªLuggage Carrierº and ªTiresº in the Index.

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Environmental Concerns

Off-roaddriving can provide wholesome and satisfying recreation. However, it also raises environmental concerns. GM recognizes these concerns and urges everyoff-roaderto follow these basic rules for protecting the environment:

DAlways use established trails, roads and areas that have been specially set aside for public off-roadrecreational driving; obey all posted regulations.

DAvoid any driving practice that could damage the environment -- shrubs, flowers, trees, grasses-- or disturb wildlife (this includeswheel-spinning,breaking down trees or unnecessary driving through streams or over soft ground).

DAlways carry a litter bag . . . make sure all refuse is removed from any campsite before leaving.

DTake extreme care with open fires (where permitted), camp stoves and lanterns.

DNever park your vehicle over dry grass or other combustible materials that could catch fire from the heat of the vehicle's exhaust system.

Traveling to Remote Areas

It makes sense to plan your trip, especially when going to a remote area. Know the terrain and plan your route. You are much less likely to get bad surprises. Get accurate maps of trails and terrain. Try to learn of any blocked or closed roads.

It's also a good idea to travel with at least one other vehicle. If something happens to one of them, the other can help quickly.

Does your vehicle have a winch? If so, be sure to read the winch instructions. In a remote area, a winch can be handy if you get stuck. But you'll want to know how to use it properly.

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