GMC SAFARI 2004 User Manual

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2004 GMC Safari Owner Manual M

Seats and Restraint Systems ...........................

1-1

Front Seats ...............................................

1-2

Rear Seats ...............................................

1-7

Safety Belts .............................................

1-13

Child Restraints .......................................

1-35

Air Bag System .......................................

1-63

Restraint System Check ............................

1-71

Features and Controls .....................................

2-1

Keys ........................................................

2-2

Doors and Locks .......................................

2-6

Windows .................................................

2-14

Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................

2-16

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ...........

2-17

Mirrors ....................................................

2-30

HomeLink® Transmitter .............................

2-32

Storage Areas .........................................

2-35

Instrument Panel .............................................

3-1

Instrument Panel Overview ..........................

3-2

Climate Controls ......................................

3-18

Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .........

3-23

Audio System(s) .......................................

3-38

Driving Your Vehicle .......................................

4-1

Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle

..... 4-2

Towing ...................................................

4-29

Service and Appearance Care ..........................

5-1

Service .....................................................

5-3

Fuel .........................................................

5-4

Checking Things Under the Hood .................

5-9

All-Wheel Drive ........................................

5-50

Rear Axle ...............................................

5-51

Front Axle ...............................................

5-52

Bulb Replacement ....................................

5-53

Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement .........

5-60

Tires ......................................................

5-61

Appearance Care .....................................

5-93

Vehicle Identification ...............................

5-101

Electrical System ....................................

5-102

Capacities and Specifications ...................

5-109

Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts

.... 5-111

Maintenance Schedule .....................................

6-1

Maintenance Schedule ................................

6-2

Customer Assistance and Information ..............

7-1

Customer Assistance and Information ...........

7-2

Reporting Safety Defects ...........................

7-11

Index ................................................................

1

GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, GMC, the GMC Truck Emblem and the name SAFARI are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.

This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after that time without further notice. For vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name “General Motors of Canada Limited” for GMC whenever it appears in this manual.

Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new owner can use it.

Canadian Owners

You can obtain a French copy of this manual from your dealer or from:

Helm, Incorporated

P.O. Box 07130

Detroit, MI 48207

How to Use This Manual

Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning to end when they first receive their new vehicle. If

you do this, it will help you learn about the features and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you will find that pictures and words work together to explain things.

Index

A good place to look for what you need is the Index in back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what

is in the manual, and the page number where you will find it.

Litho in U.S.A.

© Copyright General Motors Corporation 06/24/03

Part No. X2410 A First Edition

All Rights Reserved

ii

Safety Warnings and Symbols

You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.

{CAUTION:

These mean there is something that could hurt you or other people.

In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or others could be hurt.

You will also find a circle with a slash through it in this book. This safety symbol means “Don’t,” “Don’t do this” or “Don’t let this happen.”

iii

Vehicle Damage Warnings

Also, in this book you will find these notices:

Notice: These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle.

A notice will tell you about something that can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help avoid the

damage.

When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different words.

You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.

Vehicle Symbols

Your vehicle has components and labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols, used on your vehicle, are shown along with the text describing the operation or information relating to a specific component, control, message, gage or indicator.

If you need help figuring out a specific name of a component, gage or indicator, reference the following topics:

Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1

Features and Controls in Section 2

Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3

Climate Controls in Section 3

Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators in Section 3

Audio System(s) in Section 3

Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5

iv

These are some examples of symbols you may find on your vehicle:

v

Model Reference

This manual covers these models:

Cargo Van

Passenger Van

vi

Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

Front Seats ......................................................

1-2

Manual Seats ................................................

1-2

Power Seat ...................................................

1-3

Manual Lumbar ..............................................

1-3

Reclining Seatbacks ........................................

1-4

Head Restraints .............................................

1-5

Seatback Latches ...........................................

1-6

Rear Seats .......................................................

1-7

Rear Seat Operation .......................................

1-7

Bench Seat ..................................................

1-11

Bucket Seats ...............................................

1-12

Safety Belts ...................................................

1-13

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................

1-13

Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......

1-17

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................

1-18

Driver Position ..............................................

1-18

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................

1-26

Right Front Passenger Position .......................

1-27

Center Passenger Position .............................

1-27

Rear Seat Passengers ..................................

1-29

Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children

 

and Small Adults .......................................

1-32

Safety Belt Extender .....................................

1-34

Child Restraints .............................................

1-35

Older Children ..............................................

1-35

Infants and Young Children ............................

1-38

Child Restraint Systems .................................

1-44

Where to Put the Restraint .............................

1-47

Top Strap ....................................................

1-48

Top Strap Anchor Location .............................

1-50

Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for

 

Children (LATCH System) ...........................

1-52

Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the

 

LATCH System .........................................

1-54

Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside

 

Seat Position ............................................

1-55

Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat

 

Position ...................................................

1-58

Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front

 

Seat Position ............................................

1-60

Air Bag System ..............................................

1-63

Where Are the Air Bags? ...............................

1-65

When Should an Air Bag Inflate? ....................

1-67

What Makes an Air Bag Inflate? .....................

1-67

How Does an Air Bag Restrain? .....................

1-68

What Will You See After an Air Bag Inflates? ...1-68

Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle .........

1-70

Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-Equipped

 

Vehicle ....................................................

1-71

Restraint System Check ..................................

1-71

Checking Your Restraint Systems ...................

1-71

Replacing Restraint System Parts After a

 

Crash ......................................................

1-72

1-1

Front Seats

Manual Seats

{CAUTION:

You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is moving. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicle is not moving.

The bucket seats can be adjusted forward or rearward using the lever located under the front of the seat.

Move the seat adjustment lever toward the ouboard side of the seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it. Then release the lever and try to move the seat with your body, to make sure that the seat is locked into place

1-2

Power Seat

If your vehicle has this feature, there will be controls located on the inboard side of the driver’s seat.

To raise or lower the front of the seat cushion, raise or lower the lever located toward the front of the vehicle.

To raise or lower the rear of the seat cushion, raise

or lower the lever located toward the rear of the vehicle.

To move the entire seat backwards, forward, or up or down, move the center knob.

Manual Lumbar

If your vehicle has this feature, there will be a knob located on the inboard side of the driver’s and passenger’s bucket seats.

Turn the knob toward the front of the vehicle to increase lumbar support. Turn the knob toward the rear of the vehicle to decrease lumbar support.

1-3

Reclining Seatbacks

There is a lever located on the inside of the seat to adjust the seatback.

You can adjust the seatback by lifting the lever and leaning back. Release the lever to lock the seatback where

you want it. Pull up on the lever, lean forward and the seatback will go to an upright position.

But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.

1-4

{CAUTION:

Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can’t do their job when you’re reclined like this.

The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it won’t be against your body. Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash you could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.

The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.

For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.

Head Restraints

Adjust your head restraint so that the top of the restraint is closest to the top of your head. This position

reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.

1-5

Seatback Latches

The seatback lever is located on the right rear of your seat. If your vehicle has the non-touring

bench seatback, pull up on the latch release lever while pulling the seatback toward the rear of the vehicle.

After the latch has been released, push the seatback toward the front of the vehicle until it locks into place. To raise the seatback, unlock the seatback latch

by pushing up on the lever while pushing down on the upper edge of the seatback. Move the seatback into the upright position. Make sure the seatback is locked when it is back in the upright position.

{CAUTION:

If the seatback isn’t locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always press rearward on the seatback to be sure it is locked.

1-6

Rear Seats

Rear Seat Operation

Removing the Rear Seats

To remove the rear seats, do the following:

1. If you are removing the center seat, remove the right lap-shoulderbelt. To do this,

press the tip of a key into the release

hole of the safety belt attachment while pulling up on the safety belt.

2. If you have a safety belt guide on your seat, pull the safety belt all the way out

through the guide.

3.To store the safety belt while the second row bench seat is removed, pull the belt out and put both buckles in the passenger’s side rear storage bin.

Route the belt out of the forward edge of the storage bin. Close the cover to retain the belt.

4.Pull up on the seatback latch on the right rear of the seat. Push the seatback down until it locks into place.

1-7

5.Lift up on the left and the right seat release levers at the same time. The latches are near the floor on the rear legs of the seat.

6.Lift up on the rear of the seat to remove the seat assembly from the rear latch pins. Then, pull the whole seat back to remove the seat from the front retainers and then lift the seat out of the vehicle.

1-8

Replacing the Rear Seats

1.Lower the seat into position. Make sure the front retainers are hooked onto the anchor pins.

2.Pull the seat down to latch the rear retainers. Make sure the seat is locked in by pulling up and down on the seat.

{CAUTION:

A seat that isn’t locked into place properly can move around in a collision or sudden stop. People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock the seat into place properly when installing it.

1-9

3.To raise the seatback, do the following:

3.1.Unlock the seatback latch by pulling up on the latch release lever at the right rear of the seat, while pushing down on the upper

edge of the seatback.

3.2.Move the seatback into the upright position. Make sure the seatback is locked when it is back in the upright position.

If you are replacing the center seat, connect the right lap-shoulderbelt to the attachment on the seat cushion. If you have a safety belt guide on your seat, pull the belt through the guide before reattaching thelap-shoulderbelt to the side of the seat. The release hole should be facing outward.

If you installed the safety belt with the release hole facing inward (toward the seat), slide the plastic cover up so you can see the buckle. Disconnect the seat belt. Slide the cover back down and reinstall the belt correctly.

{CAUTION:

A safety belt that is improperly routed, not properly attached, or twisted won’t provide the protection needed in a crash. The person wearing the belt could be seriously injured. After raising the rear seatback, always check to be sure that the safety belts are properly routed and attached, and are not twisted.

1-10

Bench Seat

Each bench seat can carry up to three passengers. They can also be removed to increase storage space.

Only the rear bench seat can be adjusted forward or rearward using the lever at the front of the seat.

Move the seat adjustment lever located at the front of the seat toward the passenger’s side to unlock it. Slide the seat to

where you want it and release the lever. Try to move the seat with

your body, to make sure the seat is locked

into place.

The center bench seat has a pivoting right armrest.

The optional bench seats come with moveable armrests, individual reclining seatbacks, adjustable headrests

and a fold-downcenter armrest console.

To adjust your seatback, pull up on the lever located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.

1-11

If your vehicle has the optional touring package, your vehicle will have

a center console. To raise or lower the center console, press the button located between the beverage holders. Sit in the center seating position only when the console

is in an upright and locked position.

For details about headrests, see Head Restraints on page 1-5.

Bucket Seats

Your vehicle may have rear bucket seats with an adjustment release bar located under the front of the seats. These seats can be adjusted forward or rearward with the release bar. Pull the release bar up to release the seat bottom. Slide the seat where you want it

and then let go of the release bar. Then try to move the seat with your body to make sure the seat is locked into place.

1-12

Safety Belts

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone

This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.

{CAUTION:

Don’t let anyone ride where he or she can’t wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries can be much worse. You can hit things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash, you might not be, if you are buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.

{CAUTION:

It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a safety belt properly.

Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder to buckle up. See

Safety Belt Reminder Light on page3-26.

1-13

In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.

You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.

A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so serious that even buckled up, a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt

or killed.

After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter... a lot!

Why Safety Belts Work

When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.

Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat on wheels.

1-14

Put someone on it.

Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider

 

doesn’t stop.

1-15

The person keeps going until stopped by something.

or the instrument panel...

In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...

 

1-16

or the safety belts!

With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. That’s why safety belts make such good sense.

Questions and Answers About

Safety Belts

Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I’m wearing a safety belt?

A: Youcould be – whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And your chance

of being conscious during and after an accident, so you can unbuckle and get out, ismuch greater if you are belted.

Q: If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to wear safety belts?

A: Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of them in the future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they workwith safety belts – not instead of them. Every air bag system ever offered for sale has required the

use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and other collisions.

1-17

Q: If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from home, why should I wear safety belts?

A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident – even one that isn’t your fault – you and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good

driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your control, such as bad drivers.

Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than

40 mph (65 km/h).

Safety belts are for everyone.

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly

This part is only for people of adult size.

Be aware that there are special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be

riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-35 orInfants and Young Children on page 1-38.Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.

First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.

We’ll start with the driver position.

Driver Position

This part describes the driver’s restraint system.

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The driver has a lap-shoulderbelt. Here is how to wear it properly.

1.Close and lock the door.

2.Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see how, see “Seats” in the Index.

1-18

3.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

4.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-34.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

1-19

Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster

Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt adjuster to the height that is right for you

To move it down, push it in at the top of the arrows and move the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move the adjuster up just by pushing up on

the shoulder belt guide. After you move the adjuster to where you want it, try to move it down without pushing in to make sure it has locked into position.

Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be

away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.

1-20

Q: What’s wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly as much protection this way.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

1-21

Q: What’s wrong with this?

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.

A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.

1-22

Q: What’s wrong with this?

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt goes over an armrest like this. The belt would be much too high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt. The belt force would then be applied at the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that could cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt goes under the armrests.

A: The belt is over an armrest.

1-23

Q: What’s wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure internal organs like your liver or spleen.

1-24

Q: What’s wrong with this?

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.

A: The belt is twisted across the body.

1-25

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.

Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage

both the belt and your vehicle.

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy

Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.

A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.

1-26

The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.

Right Front Passenger Position

To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-18.

The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same way as the driver’s safety belt — except for one

thing. If you ever pull the lap portion of the belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all the way and start again.

Center Passenger Position

Lap Belt

1-27

When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.

To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until the belt is snug. Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a lap-shoulderbelt. If

the belt isn’t long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-34.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt

quickly if you ever had to.

1-28

Rear Seat Passengers

It is very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.

Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.

Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions

Lap-ShoulderBelt

These positions have lap-shoulderbelts. Here is how to wear one properly.

1.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

1-29

2.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.

If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-34.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so that you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

3.To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This

could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the

chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

1-30

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a crash.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.

1-31

Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children and Small Adults

Rear safety belt comfort guides provide added safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown booster seats and for small adults. When installed on a shoulder belt, the comfort guide better positions the belt away from the neck and head.

Here is how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:

1.Remove the guide from its storage clip on the side of the seatback.

1-32

2.Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide over the belt, and insert the two edges of the

belt into the slots of the guide.

3.Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat. The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide on top.

1-33

Safety Belt Extender

If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it.

But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you. The extender will be just for you, and just for the seat in your

vehicle that you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear

it, just attach it to the regular safety belt.

4.Buckle, position and release the safety belt as described in Rear Seat Passengers on page 1-29.Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the shoulder.

To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the belt edges together so that you can take them out of the guides. Slide the guide onto the storage clip.

1-34

Child Restraints

Older Children

Older children who have outgrown booster seats should wear the vehicle’s safety belts.

If you have the choice, a child should sit next to a window so the child can wear a lap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.

Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?

A: If possible, an older child should wear alap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should fit snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen, which could cause severe or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear seat.

In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety belts properly.

1-35

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here two children are wearing the same belt. The belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a crash, the two children can be crushed together and seriously injured. A belt must be used by only one person at a time.

Q: What if a child is wearing alap-shoulderbelt, but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child’s face or neck?

A: Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provides.

If the child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children and Small Adults on page 1-32.

If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the child’s face or neck, you might want to place the child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.

1-36

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a lap-shoulderbelt, but the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in a crash the child might slide under the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or fatal injuries.

Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s pelvic bones in a crash.

1-37

Infants and Young Children

Except Cargo Vans

Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes infants and all other children. Neither the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle.

Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles, they should have the protection provided by appropriate restraints. Young children should not use the vehicle’s adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need to use a child restraint.

{CAUTION:

People should never hold a baby in their arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much --until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.

CAUTION: (Continued)

1-38

CAUTION: (Continued)

For example, in a crash at only 25 mph

(40 km/h), a 12-lb.(5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a240-lb.(110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby should be secured in an appropriate restraint.

{CAUTION:

Children who are up against, or very close to, any air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer outstanding protection for adults and older children, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide.

1-39

Q: What are the different types ofadd-onchild restraints?

A: Add-onchild restraints, which are purchased by the vehicle’s owner, are available in four basic types. Selection of a particular restraint should take into consideration not only the child’s weight, height and age but also whether or not the restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle in

which it will be used.

For most basic types of child restraints, there are many different models available. When purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used

in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

The restraint manufacturer’s instructions that come with the restraint state the weight and height limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition, there are many kinds of restraints available for children with special needs.

{CAUTION:

Newborn infants need complete support, including support for the head and neck. This is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facingseat settles into the restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants always should be secured in appropriate infant restraints.

1-40

{CAUTION:

The body structure of a young child is quite unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply force on a body area that’s unprotected by any bony structure. This alone could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young children always should be secured in appropriate child restraints.

Cargo Vans

{CAUTION:

Children who are up against, or very close to, any air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer outstanding protection for adults and older children, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide.

1-41

{CAUTION:

Newborn infants need complete support, including support for the head and neck. This is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facingseat settles into the restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants always should be restrained in appropriate infant restraints. However, infants, who should be restrained in arear-facingchild restraint, cannot ride safely in this vehicle.

{CAUTION:

The body structure of a young child is quite unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply force on a body area that’s unprotected by any bony structure. This alone could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young children always should be secured in appropriate child restraints.

1-42

{CAUTION:

People should never hold a baby in their arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much --until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph

(40 km/h), a 12-lb.(5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a240-lb.(110 kg) force on a person’s arms.

1-43

Child Restraint Systems

An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to restrain or position a child on a continuous flat surface. Make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the center of the vehicle.

A rear-facinginfant seat (B) provides restraint with the seating surface against the back of the infant. The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.

1-44

A forward-facingchild seat(C-E)provides restraint for the child’s body with the harness and also sometimes with surfaces such asT-shapedorshelf-likeshields.

A booster seat (F-G)is a child restraint designed to improve the fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and somehigh-backbooster seats have afive-pointharness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.

1-45

Q: How do child restraints work?

A: A child restraint system is any device designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children. Abuilt-inchild restraint system is a permanent part of the motor vehicle. Anadd-onchild restraint system is a portable one, which

is purchased by the vehicle’s owner.

For many years, add-onchild restraints have used the adult belt system in the vehicle. To help

reduce the chance of injury, the child also has to be secured within the restraint. The vehicle’s belt system secures the add-onchild restraint in the vehicle, and theadd-onchild restraint’s harness system holds the child in place within the restraint.

One system, the three-pointharness, has straps that come down over each of the infant’s shoulders and buckle together at the crotch. Thefive-pointharness system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps and a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip straps. AT-shapedshield has shoulder straps that are attached to a flat pad which rests low against the child’s body. A shelforarmrest-typeshield has straps that are attached to a wide,shelf-likeshield that swings up or to the side.

When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system or the LATCH system in your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury. When securing an add-onchild restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.

1-46

Where to Put the Restraint

Except Cargo Vans

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General Motors, therefore, recommends that child restraints be secured in a rear seat including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.Never put arear-facingchild restraint

in the front passenger seat. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Always secure arear-facingchild restraint in a rear seat.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

If you secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go.

It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure

any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child is in it.

1-47

Cargo Vans

The child restraint must be secured properly in the passenger seat. Never put arear-facingchild restraint in this vehicle. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. Do not use a

rear-facingchild restraint in this vehicle.

If you secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the front passenger position, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure

any child restraint in your vehicle – even when no child is in it.

Top Strap

Some child restraints have a top strap, or “top tether.” It can help restrain the child restraint during a collision. For it to work, a top strap must be properly anchored to the vehicle. Some top strap-equippedchild restraints are designed for use with or without the top strap being anchored. Others require the top strap always to be anchored. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for your child restraint. If yours requires that the top strap be anchored, do not use the restraint unless it is anchored properly.

If the child restraint does not have a top strap, one can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints.

Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.

1-48

In Canada, the law requires that forward-facingchild restraints have a top strap, and that the strap be anchored. In the United States, some child restraints also have a top strap. If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be anchored.

Anchor the top strap to one of the following anchor points. Be sure to use an anchor point located on the same side of the vehicle as the seating position where the child restraint will be placed.

If you have an adjustable head restraint, route the top strap under it.

{CAUTION:

Each top tether bracket is designed to anchor only one child restraint. Attaching more than one child restraint to a single bracket could cause the anchor to come loose or even break during a crash. A child or others could be injured if this happens. To help prevent injury to people and damage to your vehicle, attach only one child restraint per bracket.

Once you have the top strap anchored, you will be ready to secure the child restraint itself. Tighten the top strap when and as the child restraint manufacturer’s instructions say.

1-49

Top Strap Anchor Location

Cargo Van Models

If your vehicle is a cargo van, the anchoring point for a top strap is located at the rear of the seat cushion

on the right front passenger’s seat spacer bar. Anchor the top strap through the two slots.

{CAUTION:

 

 

 

 

 

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be

 

 

seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s air

 

 

bag inflates. This is because the back of the

 

 

rear-facingchild restraint would be very close

 

 

to the inflating air bag. Do not use a

 

 

 

Cargo Van Models

rear-facingchild restraint in this vehicle.

 

 

 

If you secure a forward-facingchild restraint in

 

 

the front passenger position, always move the

 

 

front passenger seat as far back as it will go.

 

 

 

 

 

1-50

Passenger Van Models

Passenger Van Bucket Seats

Bucket Seats: An anchoring point is located below the rear of the seat cushion on the spacer bar. Anchor

the top strap through the two slots on the bar.

Passenger Van Bench Seat (Second row)

Bench Seats: An anchor bracket is located at the rear of the seat cushion near the top rear of the seat leg for each outboard seating position of the second row. For the third row, an anchor bracket is located at

the rear of the seat cushion near the top rear of the seat leg for the right outboard seating position.

If you have adjustable head restraints, raise the head restraint and route the top strap under it.

The third row has one anchor for the passenger side outboard position only.

1-51

Do not use a child restraint with a top strap in the right front passenger’s position, the second or third row center positions, or the third row driver side position because there is no place to anchor the top strap.

Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH System)

If you have a passenger van it has the LATCH system. It has two sets of anchors (A) in the second row of seats. In a seven passenger van, the anchors are located in each of the bucket seats in the second row. In an eight passenger van, the anchors are located

in the driver and passenger side seating positions of the second row bench seat.

This system, designed to make installation of child restraints easier, does not use the vehicle’s safety belts. Instead, it uses vehicle anchors (A, B) and child restraint attachments to secure the restraints. Some restraints also use another vehicle anchor to secure a top tether strap (C).

1-52

In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you need a child restraint designed for that system.

With this system, use the LATCH system instead of the vehicle’s safety

belts to secure a child restraint.

1-53

To assist you in locating the lower anchors for this child restraint system, each seating position with the

LATCH system has a label on the seatback at each lower anchor position. The labels are located on

the inboard and outboard positions of the rear seats.

{CAUTION:

If a LATCH-typechild restraint is not attached to its anchorage points, the restraint will not be able to protect the child correctly. In a crash, the child could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure that aLATCH-typechild restraint is properly installed using the anchorage points, or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System

1.Find the LATCH anchorages for the seating position you want to use, where the bottom of the seatback meets the back of the seat cushion.

2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Attach and tighten the LATCH attachments on the child restraint to the LATCH anchorages in the vehicle. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.If the child restraint is forward-facing,attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchorage. The child restraint instructions will show you how. Also seeTop Strap on page 1-48.

5.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, simply unhook the top tether from the top tether anchorage and then disconnect the LATCH attachments from the LATCH anchorages.

1-54

Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear

Outside Seat Position

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH System) on page 1-52 in the Index. SeeTop Strap on page 1-48 if the child restraint

has one.

There is no top strap anchor at the third row driver side position. Do not secure a child seat in this position if

a national or local law requires that the top strap

be anchored, or if the instructions that came with the child restraint say that the top strap must be anchored.

1-55

If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system, you will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Put the restraint on the seat.

2.Pick up the latch plate and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

1-56

4.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder

belt back into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

5.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety

belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

1-57

Securing a Child Restraint in a

Center Seat Position

Bench Seat

Children (LATCH System) on page1-52. See Top Strap on page1-48if the child restraint has one.

There are no top strap anchors at the second and third row center seating positions. Do not secure a child seat in these positions if a national or local law requires that the top strap be anchored, or if the instructions that came with the child restraint say that the top strap must be anchored.

If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system, you’ll be using the lap belt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions

that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it along the belt.

2.Put the restraint on the seat.

1-58

3.Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push down on the child restraint. If you’re using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or

larger child passenger.

1-59

Securing a Child Restraint in the

Right Front Seat Position

system, see Lower Anchorages and Top Tethers for Children (LATCH System) on page1-52. See Top Strap on page1-48if the child restraint has one.

Your vehicle has a front passenger air bag. Never put a rear facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the front passenger’s air bag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating air bag. If your vehicle is a passenger van, always secure arear-facingchild restraint in a rear

seat. If your vehicle is a cargo van, do not use a rear-facingchild restraint in this vehicle.

If you secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the passenger seat as far back as it will go.

A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facingchild restraint.

1-60

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, you will be using thelap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag, always move the seat as far back as it will go before securing a forward-facingchild restraint. SeeManual Seats on page 1-2.

2.Put the restraint on the seat.

3.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

1-61

5.Pull the rest of the belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

1-62

6.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder

belt back into the retractor. You may find it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different

directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

Air Bag System

This part explains the air bag system.

Your vehicle has air bags – one air bag for the driver and another air bag for the right front passenger.

Frontal air bags are designed to help reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inflating air bag. But these air bags must inflate very quickly to do their job

and comply with federal regulations.

Here are the most important things to know about the air bag system:

{CAUTION:

You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if you are not wearing your safety belt — even

if you have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a crash helps reduce your chance of

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air bags are designed to work with safety belts, but do not replace them. Air bags are designed to deploy only in moderate to severe frontal and near frontal crashes. They are not designed to inflate in rollover, rear or low-speedfrontal crashes, or in many side crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants, air bags may provide less protection in frontal crashes than more forceful air bags have provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not there is an air bag for that person.

1-63

{CAUTION:

Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, as you would be if you were leaning forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in position before and during a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with air bags. The driver should sit as far back as possible while still maintaining control of the vehicle.

{CAUTION:

Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Air bags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for adults, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its air bag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide. Always secure children properly in your vehicle. To read how, seeOlder Children on page 1-35 andInfants and Young Children on page 1-38.

1-64

Where Are the Air Bags?

United States

Canada

There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows AIR BAG or the air bag symbol.

The system checks the air bag electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See Air Bag Readiness Light on page 3-26 for more information.

The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.

1-65

The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument panel on the passenger’s side.

{CAUTION:

If something is between an occupant and an air bag, the bag might not inflate properly or it might force the object into that person causing severe injury or even death. The path of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t put anything between an occupant and an air bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the steering wheel hub or on or near any other air bag covering.

1-66

When Should an Air Bag Inflate?

An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe frontal, or near-frontalcrash. The air bag will inflate

only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed “threshold level”. If your vehicle goes straight into a

wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 mph/h). The threshold level can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such as a parked car, the threshold level will be

higher. The air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts because inflation would not help the occupant.

In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air bag should have inflated simply because of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact

and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or near-frontalimpacts.

What Makes an Air Bag Inflate?

In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag, and related hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the right front passenger.

1-67

How Does an Air Bag Restrain?

In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.

But air bags would not help you in many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions.

What Will You See After an Air Bag

Inflates?

After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly that some people may not even realize the air bag inflated. Some components of the air bag module – the steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the instrument panel for the right front passenger’s bag – will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag that come into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.

1-68

{CAUTION:

When an air bag inflates, there is dust in the air. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you have breathing problems but can’t get out of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a window or a door. If you experience breathing problems following an air bag deployment, you should seek medical attention.

Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system won’t be there to help protect you in another crash. A new system will include air

bag modules and possibly other parts. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.

Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module, which records information about the air bag system. The module records

information about the readiness of the system, when the system commands air bag inflation and

driver’s safety belt usage at deployment. The module also records speed, engine rpm, brake and throttle data.

Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag system. Improper service can mean that your air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer for service.

Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the right front passenger’s air bag, the bag

may not work properly. You may have to replace the air bag module in the steering wheel or both the

air bag module and the instrument panel for

the right front passenger’s air bag. Do not open or break the air bag coverings.

1-69

Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped

Vehicle

Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced. There are parts of the air bag system in several places around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to inflate while someone is working on your vehicle.

Your dealer and the service manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag system.

To purchase a service manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information on page 7-12.

{CAUTION:

For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air bag can still inflate during improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an air bag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape or yellow connectors. They are probably part of the air bag system. Be sure to follow proper service procedures, and make sure the person performing work for you is qualified to do so.

The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.

1-70

Adding Equipment to Your Air Bag-EquippedVehicle

Q: If I add a push bumper or a bicycle rack to the front of my vehicle, will it keep the air bags from working properly?

A: As long as the push bumper or bicycle rack is attached to your vehicle so that the vehicle’s basic structure isn’t changed, it’s not likely to keep the air bags from working properly in a crash.

Q: Is there anything I might add to the front of the vehicle that could keep the air bags from working properly?

A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicle’s frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or height, they may keep the air bag system

from working properly. Also, the air bag system may not work properly if you relocate any of the air bag sensors. If you have any questions about

this, you should contact Customer Assistance before you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure on page 7-2.

Restraint System Check

Checking Your Restraint Systems

Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors

and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.

Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.

Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.)

1-71

Replacing Restraint System Parts

After a Crash

{CAUTION:

A crash can damage the restraint systems in your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may not properly protect the person using it, resulting in serious injury or even death in a crash. To help make sure your restraint systems are working properly after a crash, have them inspected and any necessary replacements made as soon as possible.

If you’ve had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH system parts?

After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn during a more sever crash, the you need new parts.

If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system wasn’t being used at the time of

the collision.

If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the adjuster may need to be replaced.

If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in this section.

1-72

Section 2 Features and Controls

Keys ...............................................................

2-2

Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........

2-4

Doors and Locks .............................................

2-6

Door Locks ....................................................

2-6

Power Door Locks ..........................................

2-7

Programmable Automatic

 

Door Locks ................................................

2-7

Leaving Your Vehicle ......................................

2-8

Sliding Side Door ...........................................

2-8

Rear Doors ..................................................

2-11

Windows ........................................................

2-14

Manual Windows ..........................................

2-14

Power Windows ............................................

2-15

Sun Visors ...................................................

2-15

Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................

2-16

Passlock® ....................................................

2-16

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................

2-17

New Vehicle Break-In ....................................

2-17

Ignition Positions ..........................................

2-17

Starting Your Engine .....................................

2-19

Engine Coolant Heater ..................................

2-20

Automatic Transmission Operation ...................

2-21

All-Wheel Drive ............................................

2-24

Parking Brake ..............................................

2-24

Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................

2-25

Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................

2-27

Parking Over Things That Burn .......................

2-28

Engine Exhaust ............................................

2-28

Running Your Engine While You Are Parked ....

2-29

Mirrors ...........................................................

2-30

Manual Rearview Mirror .................................

2-30

Outside Manual Mirrors ..................................

2-30

Outside Power Mirrors ...................................

2-30

Outside Convex Mirror ...................................

2-31

HomeLink® Transmitter ...................................

2-32

Programming the HomeLink® Transmitter .........

2-32

Storage Areas ................................................

2-35

Overhead Console ........................................

2-36

Luggage Carrier ...........................................

2-41

Convenience Net ..........................................

2-42

2-1

Keys

{CAUTION:

Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition key is dangerous for many reasons. They could operate the power windows or other controls or even make the vehicle move. The children or others could be badly injured or even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with children.

2-2

This vehicle has one double-sidedkey for the ignition and door locks. It will fit with either side up.

When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer provides the owner with a pair of identical keys and a bar-codedtag.

The bar-codedtag has a code on it that tells your dealer or a qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep this tag in a safe place. If you lose your keys, you’ll be able to have new ones made easily using this tag.

Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.

Be sure you have spare keys.

If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, call GM Roadside Assistance Center. See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.

Remote Keyless Entry System

If equipped, the keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference, and

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

3.This device may not cause interference, and

4.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Changes or modifications to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:

Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy or snowy weather.

2-3

Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and

try again.

Check to determine if the battery replacement is necessary. See ‘‘Battery Replacement’’ under

Remote Keyless Entry System Operation onpage 2-4.

If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or aqualified technician for service.

Remote Keyless Entry System

Operation

If your vehicle has this feature, you can lock and unlockyour doors from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet

(9 m) away using the remote keyless entry transmittersupplied with your vehicle.

UNLOCK: Press UNLOCK once for the driver’s door tounlock, the parking lamps to flash and the interior

lights to go on.

If you press UNLOCK again within three seconds, alldoors will unlock.

LOCK: Press LOCK to lock all the doors. Press LOCK again within three seconds and the horn will chirp.

REAR 2X: Press the REAR button twice within three seconds to unlock the rear hatch or cargo doors. The parking lamps will flash and the interior lights will go on. If the engine is running, the automatic

transmission must be in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) for the REAR 2X button to operate.

L(Panic Alarm): Press this button for the horn to sound and the headlamps and taillamps to flash for up to 30 seconds. This can be turned off by pressing the panic button again, waiting for 30 seconds, or starting the vehicle.

Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle

Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can

be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock

your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four transmitters matched to it.

2-4

Battery Replacement

To replace the battery, do the following:

Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless entry transmitter should last about two years.

You can tell the battery is weak if the transmitter won’t work at the normal range in any location. If you have

to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works, it’s probably time to change the battery.

Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body transferred to these surfaces may damage the transmitter.

1. Insert a thin object like a dime to separate the bottom of the transmitter from the top.

2. Remove the battery and replace it with a new one, making sure the positive (+) side of the battery is facing down. Use one Panasonic® three-volt,

type CR2032, or equivalent battery.

3. Snap the top and bottom together.

2-5

Doors and Locks

Door Locks

{CAUTION:

Unlocked doors can be dangerous.

Passengers — especially children — can easily open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle will not open it. You increase the chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors are not locked. So, wear safety belts properly and lock the doors whenever you drive.

Young children who get into unlocked vehicles may be unable to get out. A child can be overcome by extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle whenever you leave it.

Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can help prevent this from happening.

There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.

To unlock your door from the outside, use your key or remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped. For more information, see Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on page 2-4.

To lock or unlock the front doors and sliding side door from the inside, slide the manual lock levers.

When the red mark on the lock lever is visible, the door is unlocked.

2-6

Power Door Locks

If your vehicle has power door locks, press the power door lock switch located on the door panel to lock or unlock all the doors at once.

The power door lock switch will lock or unlock the rear hatch and Dutch doors. See “Hatch Release” in

Rear Doors on page2-11.

When a door is locked, the inside door handle will not open the door. This will help stop a door from being accidentally opened.

If the sliding door is open and you press the power door lock switch, the sliding door will not lock immediately. After you close the door, the system comes on and locks the sliding door in about five seconds.

When the key is in the ignition and the power door lock switch is pressed with a door open, all doors are locked while the driver’s side door remains unlocked.

Programmable Automatic

Door Locks

Your vehicle is equipped with an auto lock/unlock feature which enables you to program your power door locks.

Your vehicle left the factory programmed to have all the doors lock automatically when the shift lever is moved out of PARK (P). All of the doors will unlock when the shift lever is moved back into PARK (P). The following instructions detail how to program your door locks.

To enter the program mode you need to do the following:

1.Begin with the ignition in OFF. Then, pull back on the turn signal/multifunction lever all the way toward you and hold it while you perform the next step.

2.Turn your key to RUN and OFF twice. Then, with the key in OFF, release the turn signal/multifunction lever. Once you do this, you will hear the lock switch lock and unlock.

You are now ready to program the automatic door locks. Select one of the following four programming options and follow the instructions.

You will have thirty seconds to begin programming. If you exceed the thirty second limit, the locks will automatically lock and unlock to indicate that you have left the program mode. If this occurs, repeat the procedure beginning with Step 1. You can exit the

2-7

program mode any time by turning the ignition to RUN. The locks will automatically lock and unlock to

indicate that you are leaving the program mode. If the lock/unlock switches are not pressed while in the programming mode, the auto lock/unlock setting will not be modified.

The following is a list of the available programming options:

All doors lock/Only the driver’s door unlocks:

Press the lock side of the power lock switch on

the door panel once and then the unlock side once.

All doors lock/All doors unlock: Press the

lock side of the power lock switch on the door panel once, and then the unlock side twice.

All doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the lock side of the power lock switch on the door panel once, and then the unlock side three times.

No doors lock/None of the doors unlock: Press the lock side of the power lock switch on the door panel twice. This turns off the automatic lock feature.

For more information, see your dealer.

Leaving Your Vehicle

If you are leaving your vehicle, take your key, open your door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and close the door.

Sliding Side Door

To open the sliding side door, pull the handle toward the back and slide the door to the rear until it rests in the open position.

To close the sliding side door, pull the handle toward the front and slide the door forward.

2-8

Sliding Door Security Lock

Your vehicle may have this feature. A sliding door security lock helps

to prevent young children or other passengers from opening the sliding

door using the inside door handle.

The security door lock is located near the front of the sliding door.

There are two labels on your vehicle to remind you that you have this feature. One can be seen from the outside on your sliding door. It is located near the bottom of the door glass, toward the front of the door. The other label is located on the front of the sliding door, near the security door lock.

This feature prevents passengers from opening the sliding side door from the inside.

To use this feature, do the following:

1.Move the lever all the way up.

2.Close the door.

To open the sliding side door while the security lock is engaged, unlock the door and open it from the outside.

If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or older children who ride in the rear won’t be able to open the sliding door from the inside. You should let adults and older children know how the security door lock works, and how to cancel the lock.

2-9

Canceling the Sliding Door

Security Lock

To cancel the security lock, do the following:

1.Unlock the door and open it from the outside.

2.Move the lever all the way down.

{CAUTION:

If your vehicle is facing downward on a steep grade (15 percent or more), the door may not stay open and could slam shut, possibly injuring someone. To make sure the door does not slam shut be sure to hold it open until everyone is clear of the door, and only then allow it to slowly close.

2-10

Rear Doors

If you have the “Dutch doors”, you must open the hatch first. See “Hatch Release” later in this section.

Rear doors can only be opened from the outside. Open the passenger’s side rear door first. Grasp the handle and pull the door open.

Cargo Door Shown

To open the driver’s side rear door, pull on the latch release handle located

on the inside of the door.

To close the rear doors, close the driver’s side door first. Check to make sure both doors are completely closed

The rear doors have a check assembly to keep the doors from opening beyond 90 degrees.

2-11

To fully open the rear doors, push in on the clip and lift the check assembly up off the mounting bracket.

Do this on each door. Replace the check assemblies on the mounting brackets before closing the doors.

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to drive with the rear glass open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into your vehicle. You can not see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death. If you must drive with the rear glass open or if electrical wiring or other cable connections must pass through the seal between the body and the rear glass:

Make sure all other windows are shut.

Turn the fan on your heating or cooling system to its highest speed and select the control setting that will force outside air into your vehicle. See Climate Control System on page 3-18.

If you have air outlets on or under the instrument panel, open them all the way.

See Engine Exhaust on page2-28.

2-12

Hatch Release

You can use your key to unlock the hatch and all of the other doors from the outside. Insert the key into the hatch release button and turn it counterclockwise. All of the doors will unlock.

You may also use the keyless entry system described earlier.

The hatch can be opened or closed without a key if the door lock system is unlocked.

To open the hatch, unlock it, then press the button and lift the handle located in the center of the door.

To lock the power lock system from the outside, insert the key in the hatch release button and turn it clockwise. All doors will lock.

2-13

Windows

{CAUTION:

Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous. They can be overcome by the extreme heat and suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.

Manual Windows

To operate your manual windows, turn the hand crank on each door to raise or lower your side door windows.

2-14

Power Windows

If you have power windows, the controls are located on each of the front doors. The driver’s door also has a switch for the front passenger window. Your power windows will not work unless the ignition is in RUN or ACCESSORY, or unless retained accessory power

is active. See “Retained Accessory Power” under

Ignition Positions on page2-17.

Express-DownWindow

The driver’s window switch also has an express-downfeature that allows you to lower the window without holding the switch. Press the down arrow on the driver’s window switch marked AUTO briefly to activate theexpress-downfeature. Theexpress-downfeature can be interrupted at any time by pressing the up arrow end of the switch. Lightly tap the switch to open the

window slightly.

Sun Visors

To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You can also swing them from side to side. Your visors may have an extension that can be pulled out for additional glare protection.

Visor Vanity Mirror

Some visors have mirrors built in, with or without lamps. Just lift the mirror cover on each visor to turn the

lamps on.

2-15

Theft-DeterrentSystems

Vehicle theft is a big business, especially in some cities. Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrentfeatures, we know that nothing we put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you

can help.

Passlock®

Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock® theft-deterrentsystem.

Passlock® is a passivetheft-deterrentsystem. Passlock® enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with

a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.

During normal operation, the SECURITY light will go off approximately five seconds after the key is turned

to RUN.

If the engine stalls and the SECURITY light flashes, wait until the light stops flashing before trying to restart the engine. Remember to release the key from START as soon as the engine starts.

If the engine is running and the SECURITY light comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if you turn

the engine off. However, your Passlock® system is not working properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock® at this time. You may also want to check the fuse.

See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page5-102. See your dealer for service.

2-16

Starting and Operating Your

Vehicle

New Vehicle Break-In

Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaborate“break-in.”But it will perform better in the long run if you follow these guidelines:

Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first 500 miles (805 km).

Do not drive at any one speed — fast or slow — for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make full-throttlestarts.

Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time your new brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new linings can mean premature wear

and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-inguideline every time you get new brake

linings.

Do not tow a trailer during break-in.SeeTowing a Trailer on page 4-35 for more information.

Ignition Positions

With the key in the ignition, you can turn it to five different positions.

A (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things like the radio, power windows and windshield wipers when the engine is off. To get into ACCESSORY, push in the key and turn it toward you.

2-17

Notice: Lengthy operation of features such as the radio in the accessory ignition position may

drain the battery and prevent your vehicle from starting. Do not operate your vehicle in the accessory ignition position for a long period of time.

B (LOCK): This position locks your ignition and transmission. It’s atheft-deterrentfeature. You will only be able to remove your key when the ignition is

turned to LOCK.

Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the ignition switch could cause damage or break the key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the way in. If none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.

C (OFF): This position lets you turn off the engine. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle in motion while the engine is off (for example, if your vehicle is being towed).

D (RUN): This is the position for driving.

E (START): This position starts your engine.

Retained Accessory Power (RAP)

Your vehicle is equipped with a Retained Accessory Power (RAP) feature which will allow certain features on your vehicle to continue to work up to 20 minutes

after the ignition key is turned to OFF.

Your radio, power windows and overhead console will work when the ignition key is in RUN or ACCESSORY. Once the key is turned from RUN to OFF, these features will continue to work for up to 20 minutes or until a door is opened.

2-18

Starting Your Engine

Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine won’t start in any other position – that’s a safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.

Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm.

Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to

be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about 15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging your starter.

2.If it doesn’t start within 10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal all the way to the floor, while you hold the ignition key in START. When the engine starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.

When starting your engine in very cold weather (below 0°F or −18°C), do this:

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START and hold it there up to 15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key.

2.If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the floor and holding it there as you hold the key in START for about three seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal down

for five or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.

Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical parts or accessories, you could change the way the engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment, check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine might not perform properly.

Fuel Regulator

You have a fuel regulator that shuts the fuel off when the engine reaches 5,600 rpm.

2-19

Engine Coolant Heater

If your vehicle has this feature, in very cold weather, 0°F ( −8°C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting

and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.

Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures above 32°F (0°C), use of the coolant heater is not required.

To Use the Engine Coolant Heater

1.Turn off the engine.

2.Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.

The engine coolant heater cord is located on the driver’s side of the engine compartment, near the power steering fluid reservoir.

3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-voltAC outlet.

{CAUTION:

Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded three-prong110-voltAC outlet. If the cord will not reach, use aheavy-dutythree-prongextension cord rated for at least 15 amps.

4.Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could be damaged.

How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead

of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area.

2-20

Automatic Transmission Operation

There are several different positions for your shift lever.

PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It’s the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle can’t move easily.

{CAUTION:

It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on

page 2-25.If you are pulling a trailer, see

Towing a Trailer on page4-35.

Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock control system. You have to fully apply

your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition key is in RUN. If you cannot shift

out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever – push the shift lever all the way into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish. See Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 2-27.

2-21

REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.

Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage the transmission. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.

To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission,

see If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page4-28.

NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use

NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.

{CAUTION:

Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your vehicle could move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or objects. Do not shift into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed.

Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high speed may damage the transmission. The repairs would not be

covered by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not running at high speed when shifting your vehicle.

DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and you’re:

Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your accelerator pedal about halfway down.

Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the accelerator pedal all the way down. You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.

DRIVE (D) should be used for normal towing.

THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving, however it offers more power and lower fuel economy than DRIVE (D). You should use THIRD (3) when carrying a heavy load or driving on steep hills.

SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes off and on.

2-22

If you manually select SECOND (2), the transmission will drive in second gear. You may use this feature for reducing torque to the rear wheels when you

are trying to start your vehicle from a stop on slippery road surfaces.

FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power (but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You

can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift selector lever is put in FIRST (1), the transmission won’t shift into first gear until the vehicle is going slow enough.

Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in one place on a hill using only the accelerator

pedal may damage the transmission. If you are stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill, use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.

Tow/Haul Mode Button

Your vehicle is equipped with a tow/haul button. The button is located on the end of the column shift

lever. You can use this feature to assist when towing or hauling a heavy load.

To select the tow/haul mode, press in the button. The TOW/HAUL light on the instrument panel cluster

will come on. To go back to normal operation, press the button again. The indicator light on the instrument panel cluster will go out. See Tow/Haul Mode Light on page 3-36 for more information.

2-23

All-WheelDrive

If your vehicle has all-wheeldrive, your engine’s driving power is sent to all four wheels for extra traction

when needed.

This is like four-wheeldrive, but there is no separate lever or switch to engage or disengage the front axle. It is fully automatic, and adjusts itself as needed for

road conditions.

You may experience a brief vehicle vibration upon acceleration when driving in slippery conditions. This is normal and is an indication that the all-wheeldrive system is functioning properly.

Parking Brake

To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot.

Push down the parking brake pedal with your left foot. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on.

To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the brake release lever located on the lower left side of the steering column.

Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can overheat the brake system and cause premature wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully released and the brake warning light is off before driving.

If you are towing a trailer and are parking on a hill, see

Towing a Trailer on page4-35. That section shows what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.

2-24

Shifting Into Park (P)

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow. If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on

page 4-35.

1.Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking brake.

2. Move the shift lever into PARK (P) like this:

Pull the lever toward you.

2-25

Move the lever up as far as it will go.

3.Move the ignition key to LOCK.

4.Remove the key and take it with you. If you can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).

Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine

Running

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the engine running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in

PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could overheat and even catch fire. You or others could be injured. Do not leave your vehicle with the engine running.

If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After you’ve moved the shift lever to PARK (P), hold

the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).

2-26

Torque Lock

If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your transmission into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the transmission. You may find it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called “torque

lock.” To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave

the driver’s seat. To find out how, see Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-25.

When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.

If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).

Shifting Out of Park (P)

Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock control system. You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission Operation on page 2-21.

If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then, move the shift lever into the gear you want.

If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of PARK (P), try this:

1.Turn the key to OFF.

2.Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.

3.Shift to NEUTRAL (N).

4.Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear you want.

5.Have the system fixed as soon as you can.

2-27

Parking Over Things That Burn

{CAUTION:

Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that can burn.

Engine Exhaust

{CAUTION:

Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you can not see or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.

You might have exhaust coming in if:

Your exhaust system sounds strange or different.

Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.

Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.

Your vehicle was damaged when driving over high points on the road or over road debris.

Repairs were not done correctly.

Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified improperly.

If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your vehicle:

Drive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO; and

Have your vehicle fixed immediately.

2-28

Running Your Engine While You

Are Parked

It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.

{CAUTION:

Idling the engine with the climate control system off could allow dangerous exhaust into your vehicle. See the earlier Caution under

Engine Exhaust on page2-28.

Also, idling in a closed-inplace can let deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if the climate control fan is at the highest setting. One place this can happen is a garage. Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.

NEVER park in a garage with the engine running.

Another closed-inplace can be a blizzard. See

Winter Driving on page4-24.

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).

Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-25.

If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.

2-29

Mirrors

Manual Rearview Mirror

You can adjust the mirror for day or night driving. Press the tab forward (away from you) for day driving. Pull the tab back (toward you) for night driving.

Outside Manual Mirrors

Adjust your outside rearview mirrors so you can see a little of the side of your vehicle and the area beside and behind your vehicle, from a comfortable driving position.

You can fold the mirrors inward before entering a car wash. Pull the mirrors toward the vehicle. Push the mirrors back out when finished. After pushing the mirror out, the adjustment will be maintained.

Outside Power Mirrors

Your vehicle may have this feature.

2-30

To adjust the outside rearview mirror, move the selector switch in the middle of the control to L for the driver’s side mirror or to R for the passenger’s side mirror. Then use the arrows located on the four-waycontrol pad to move the mirror in the desired direction. To make

sure you do not accidentally move a mirror, return the selector switch to the middle position (off) after adjusting the mirrors.

Outside Convex Mirror

Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the driver’s seat.

{CAUTION:

A convex mirror can make things (like other vehicles) look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before changing lanes.

HomeLink® Transmitter

HomeLink, a combined universal transmitter and receiver, provides a way to replace up to three hand-heldtransmitters used to activate devices such as gate operators, garage door openers, entry door

locks, security systems and home lighting. Additional HomeLink information can be found on the internet at www.homelink.com or by calling 1-800-355-3515.

If your vehicle is equipped with the Homelink® transmitter, it complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1)this device may not cause harmful interference, and

(2)this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

(1) this device may not cause interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Changes and modifications to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

2-31

HomeLink® Transmitter

Programming the HomeLink®

Transmitter

Do not use the HomeLink® Transmitter with any garage door opener that does not have the “stop and reverse” feature. This includes any garage door opener model manufactured before April 1, 1982. If you have a newer garage door opener with rolling codes, please be

sure to follow steps 6 through 8 to complete the programming of your HomeLink® Transmitter.

Read the instructions completely before attempting to program the HomeLink® Transmitter. Because of

the steps involved, it may be helpful to have another person available to assist you in programming the transmitter.

Keep the original transmitter for use in other vehicles as well as for future HomeLink® programming. It is also recommended that upon the sale of the vehicle,

the programmed HomeLink® buttons should be erased for security purposes. Refer to “Erasing HomeLink® Buttons” or, for assistance, contact HomeLink® on the internet at: www.homelink.com or by calling1-800-355-3515.

Be sure that people and objects are clear of the garage door or gate operator you are programming. When programming a garage door, it is advised to park outside of the garage.

It is recommended that a new battery be installed in your hand-heldtransmitter for quicker and more accurate transmission of the radio frequency.

Your vehicle’s engine should be turned off while programming the transmitter. Follow these steps to program up to three channels:

1.Press and hold down the two outside buttons, releasing only when the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds. Do not hold down the buttons for longer than 30 seconds and do not

repeat this step to program a second and/or third transmitter to the remaining two HomeLink® buttons.

2.Position the end of your hand-heldtransmitter about 1 to 3 inches (3 to 8 cm) away from the HomeLink® buttons while keeping the indicator light in view.

3.Simultaneously press and hold both the desired button on HomeLink® and thehand-heldtransmitter button. Do not release the buttons until Step 4

has been completed.

Some entry gates and garage door openers may require you to substitute Step 3 with the procedure noted in “Gate Operator and Canadian Programming” later in this section.

2-32

4.The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly after HomeLink® successfully receives the frequency signal from thehand-heldtransmitter.

Release both buttons.

5.Press and hold the newly-trainedHomeLink® button and observe the indicator light.

If the indicator light stays on constantly,

programming is complete and your device should activate when the HomeLink® button is pressed and released.

To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons, begin with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.” Do not repeat Step 1 as this will erase all of the programmed channels.

If the indicator light blinks rapidly for two seconds and then turns to a constant light, continue with Steps 6 through 8 following to complete the programming of a rolling-codeequipped device (most commonly, a garage door opener).

6.Locate in the garage, the garage door opener receiver (motor-headunit). Locate the “Learn”

or “Smart” button. This can usually be found where the hanging antenna wire is attached to the motor-headunit.

7.Firmly press and release the “Learn” or “Smart” button. The name and color of the button may vary by manufacturer.

You will have 30 seconds to start Step 8.

8.Return to the vehicle. Firmly press and hold the programmed HomeLink® button for two seconds, then release. Repeat the press/hold/release sequence a second time, and depending on the brand of the garage door opener (or other rolling code device), repeat this sequence a third time to complete the programming.

HomeLink® should now activate yourrolling-codeequipped device.

To program the remaining two HomeLink® buttons, begin with Step 2 of “Programming HomeLink®.” Do not repeat Step 1.

Gate Operator and Canadian

Programming

Canadian radio-frequencylaws require transmitter signals to “time out” or quit after several seconds of transmission. This may not be long enough for HomeLink® to pick up the signal during programming. Similarly, some U.S. gate operators are manufactured to “time out” in the same manner.

If you live in Canada, or you are having difficulty programming a gate operator by using the “Programming HomeLink®” procedures (regardless of where you live), replace Step 3 under “Programming HomeLink®” with the following:

2-33

Continue to press and hold the HomeLink® button while you press and release every two seconds (cycle)

your hand-heldtransmitter until the frequency signal has been successfully accepted by HomeLink®. The indicator light will flash slowly at first and then rapidly. Proceed with Step 4 under “Programming HomeLink®” to complete.

Using HomeLink®

Press and hold the appropriate HomeLink® button for at least half of a second. The indicator light will come

on while the signal is being transmitted.

Erasing HomeLink® Buttons

To erase programming from the three buttons do the following:

1.Press and hold down the two outside buttons until the indicator light begins to flash, after 20 seconds.

2.Release both buttons. Do not hold for longer than 30 seconds.

HomeLink® is now in the train (learning) mode and can be programmed at any time beginning with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”

Individual buttons can not be erased, but they can be reprogrammed. See “Reprogramming a Single HomeLink® Button” next.

Reprogramming a Single HomeLink®

Button

To program a device to HomeLink® using a HomeLink® button previously trained, follow these steps:

1.Press and hold the desired HomeLink® button. Do not release the button.

2.The indicator light will begin to flash after

20 seconds. While still holding the HomeLink®

button, proceed with Step 2 under “Programming HomeLink®.”

Resetting Defaults

To reset HomeLink® to default settings do the following:

1.Hold down the two outside buttons for about

20 seconds until the indicator light begins to flash.

2.Continue to hold both buttons until the HomeLink® indicator light turns off.

3.Release both buttons.

For questions or comments, contact HomeLink® at1-800-355-3515,or on the internet at www.homelink.com.

2-34

Storage Areas

Your front storage compartment/glove box is at the center of the engine cover. To open the compartment, press the two tabs together and pull.

If you have rear storage compartments, pull up on the lid to open the cover.

2-35

There is also a map/storage pocket on the passenger’s side of the engine cover console.

Overhead Console

Your vehicle may have this feature.

The overhead console includes reading lamps, a compartment for a garage door opener, a trip computer, a temperature and compass display, and a storage compartment for sunglasses.

The reading lamps, trip computer, temperature and compass display will work when the ignition is in RUN, ACCESSORY or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See “Retained Accessory Power” under

Ignition Positions on page2-17.

2-36

Reading Lamps

Your vehicle may have this feature.

Press the button near each lamp to turn the reading lamps on and off.

The lamps can also be swiveled to point in the direction you want.

Installing a Garage Door Opener

If you have a garage door opener, the front overhead compartment can be used to conveniently store the opener.

1.To install the garage door opener, first open the compartment door by pressing the latch forward.

2.Peel the protective backing from the hook and loop patch.

3.Press it firmly to the back of your garage door opener, as close to the center of the opener as possible.

2-37

4.Center the garage door opener activation button over the console door button and press the opener firmly into place.

The pegs inside the compartment door are used to make sure the button on the compartment door will

contact the control button on the garage door opener.

5.Add one peg at a time until the garage door opener operates with the compartment door closed when you press the button. Adjust the position of the garage door opener and add or remove pegs

as needed, until the opener operates properly.

6. Now, with the compartment door closed, press the button again to make sure the garage

door opener operates properly.

With the garage door opener positioned properly and the right number of pegs in place, you can press

the button to operate the opener.

Your vehicle may be equipped with a HomeLink® Transmitter. For more information, seeProgramming the HomeLink® Transmitter on page 2-32.

2-38

Driver Information System

This system displays the outside air temperature, compass direction and trip information in the overhead console.

US/MET (United States/Metric): The US/MET button allows you to switch the display between the English and metric system.

MODE: The MODE button can be used to toggle between three modes of operation: OFF, COMP/TEMP and TRIP.

COMP/TEMP (Compass/Temperature): This display provides the outside temperature and one of eight compass readings to indicate the direction the vehicle is facing.

Before you turn on the ignition and move the vehicle, the temperature indicated will be the last outside temperature recorded with the ignition on. If the outside temperature is 37°F (3°C) or lower, the display will toggle between the word ICE and the current temperature every eight seconds. This is a warning to the driver that road conditions may be icy, and that appropriate precautions should be taken.

The compass is self-calibrating,so it does not need to be manually set. However, if C (Calibration) is displayed, the compass will need to be calibrated. You may also place the compass in a noncalibrated mode by pressing and holding the US/MET and MODE buttons simultaneously while in the COMP/TEMP mode. After about 10 seconds, the compass will display C and

you can release the buttons. Drive the vehicle in

a complete 360° circle three times at a speed of less than 5 mph (8 km/h), and the compass will function normally. Once the calibration is complete, the display will return to a compass reading.

2-39

Variance is the difference between magnetic north and geographic north. In some areas, the difference between the two can be great enough to cause false compass readings. If this happens, follow these instructions to set the variance for your particular location:

1.Find your location on the zone map. Record your zone number.

2.Press and hold both the US/MET and the MODE buttons while in the COMP/TEMP mode.

3.After five seconds, the compass will acknowledge the variation mode by displaying the current zone number. When it does, release both buttons.

4.Press US/MET until your zone number appears on the display.

5.Press MODE to enter your zone number. Your variance is now set and the display will return to the COMP/TEMP mode.

TRIP: Once in the TRIP mode, pressing the MODE button will take you through the following TRIP functions:

AVG ECON (Average Economy): The average fuel economy since the last reset is displayed.

INST ECON (Instantaneous Economy):

Instantaneous fuel economy for the last second of driving is displayed.

RANGE: The display indicates the estimated distance that can be travelled with the remaining fuel in the tank, based on the fuel economy for the last few hours of driving.

FUEL USED: The fuel used since the last reset is displayed.

AVG SPEED (Average Speed): The average speed since the last reset is displayed.

2-40

To reset the trip computer, press the MODE and US/MET buttons simultaneously for at least two seconds. All functions will be displayed briefly once the system is reset. Reset can only be performed in the AVG ECON, FUEL USED and AVG SPEED modes. All three modes are reset simultaneously.

Sunglasses Storage Compartment

The overhead console has a sunglasses storage compartment.

Luggage Carrier

If you have a luggage carrier, you can load things on top of your vehicle.

The luggage carrier has side rails and crossrails attached to the roof to secure cargo.

Be sure the cargo is properly loaded. Follow these guidelines:

Carrying small, heavy loads on the roof is not recommended.

Tie the load to the side rails. Use the crossrails only to keep the load from sliding.

If you need to carry long items, tie the load to the side rails. Also tie the load to the bumpers. Do not tie the load so tightly that the crossrails or side rails are damaged.

After moving the crossrails, be sure to tighten all the slider screws.

For the purpose of wind noise reduction, locate the front and rear crossrails in line with the two center supports.

2-41

Notice: Loading cargo on the luggage carrier that weighs more than 200 lbs. (918 kg) or hangs

over the rear or sides of the vehicle may damage your vehicle. Load cargo so that it rests on the slats as far forward as possible and against the side rails, making sure to fasten it securely.

Don’t exceed the maximum vehicle capacity when loading your vehicle. For more information on vehicle capacity and loading, see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.

To prevent damage or loss of cargo as you’re driving, check now and then to make sure the luggage carrier and cargo are still securely fastened.

Convenience Net

You may have a convenience net in the rear of your vehicle to help keep small items in place during sharp turns or quick stops and starts.

The net is not designed for larger, heavier items.

You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when you’re not using it.

2-42

Section 3 Instrument Panel

Instrument Panel Overview ...............................

3-2

Hazard Warning Flashers ................................

3-4

Other Warning Devices ...................................

3-5

Horn .............................................................

3-5

Tilt Wheel .....................................................

3-5

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................

3-6

Exterior Lamps .............................................

3-12

Interior Lamps ..............................................

3-15

Accessory Power Outlets ...............................

3-16

Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter ........................

3-17

Climate Controls ............................................

3-18

Climate Control System .................................

3-18

Outlet Adjustment .........................................

3-20

Rear Heating System ....................................

3-21

Rear Air Conditioning System .........................

3-21

Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators .............

3-23

Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators .............

3-23

Instrument Panel Cluster ................................

3-24

Speedometer and Odometer ...........................

3-25

Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................

3-26

Air Bag Readiness Light ................................

3-26

Charging System Light ..................................

3-27

Voltmeter Gage ............................................

3-28

Brake System Warning Light ..........................

3-28

Anti-Lock Brake System

 

Warning Light ...........................................

3-29

Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................

3-30

Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................

3-30

Oil Pressure Gage ........................................

3-34

Security Light ...............................................

3-35

Service All-Wheel Drive Light .........................

3-35

Tow/Haul Mode Light ....................................

3-36

Check Gages Warning Light ...........................

3-36

Fuel Gage ...................................................

3-36

Low Fuel Warning Light .................................

3-37

Audio System(s) .............................................

3-38

Setting the Time for Radios with the Set

 

Button .....................................................

3-38

Setting the Time for Radios with HR and MN

 

Buttons ....................................................

3-38

AM-FM Radio ...............................................

3-39

Radio with CD ..............................................

3-41

Rear Seat Audio (RSA) .................................

3-46

Theft-Deterrent Feature ..................................

3-47

Radio Reception ...........................................

3-50

Care of Your CDs .........................................

3-50

Care of Your CD Player ................................

3-50

Fixed Mast Antenna ......................................

3-50

3-1

Instrument Panel Overview

3-2

The main components of your instrument panel are the following:

A.Exterior Lamps. See Exterior Lamps on page3-12.

B.Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See Exterior Lamps on page 3-12.

C.Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-6.

D.Hazard Warning Flasher Button. See Hazard Warning Flashers on page 3-4.

E.Shift Lever. See Starting Your Engine on page2-19.

F.Ignition Switch. See Ignition Positions on page2-17.

G.Rear Defogger Button. See Climate Control System on page 3-18.

H.Climate Control System. See Climate Control System on page 3-18.

I.Rear A/C Control. See Rear Heating System on page3-21.

J.Rear Heater Control. See Rear Heating System on page 3-21.

K.Rear Window Washer/Wiper Switch. See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-6.

L.Ashtray. See Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter on page3-17.

M.Dome Override Button. See Interior Lamps on page 3-15.

N.Hood Release. See Hood Release on page5-10.

O.Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter on page 3-17.

P.Audio System(s). See Audio System(s) on page 3-38.

Q.Front Storage Compartment. See Storage Areas on page 2-35.

R.Accessory Power Outlets. See Accessory Power Outlets on page 3-16.

3-3

Hazard Warning Flashers

Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.

The hazard warning flasher button is located on top of the steering column.

Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what position your key is in, and even if the key isn’t in.

Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal lamps flash on and off. Press the button again to

turn the flashers off.

When the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals won’t work.

3-4

Other Warning Devices

If you carry reflective triangles, you can use them to warn others. Set one up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.

Horn

Press the horn symbol in the middle of the steering wheel to sound the horn.

Tilt Wheel

A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can also raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.

The lever that allows you to tilt the steering wheel is located on the left side of the steering column.

To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable

level, then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.

3-5

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever

The lever on the driver’s side of the steering column includes the following:

Turn and Lane Change Signals

Headlamp High/Low-BeamChanger

Flash-to-Pass

Windshield Wipers

Windshield Washer

Cruise Control (Option)

For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior Lamps on page 3-12.

Turn and Lane Change Signals

The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.

To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is finished, the lever will return automatically.

An arrow on the instrument panel cluster will flash in the direction of the

turn or lane change.

To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you release it.

As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows flash faster, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers won’t see your turn signal.

3-6

If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you signal a turn, check for burned-outbulbs and a blown fuse. SeeFuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-102.

If you have a trailer towing option with added wiring for the trailer lamps, a different turn signal flasher is

used. With this flasher installed, the signal indicator will flash even if a turn signal bulb is burned out. Check the front and rear turn signal lamps regularly to make sure they are working.

Turn Signal On Chime

If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at each flash of the

turn signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal lever to the center position.

Headlamp High/Low-BeamChanger

To change the headlamps from low beam to high or high to low, pull the multifunction lever all the way toward you. Then release it.

When the high beams are on, this indicator light located on the instrument panel cluster also will

be on.

Flash-to-Pass

This feature lets you use your high-beamheadlamps to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.

It works even if your headlamps are in automatic.

To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, but not so far that you hear a click.

If your headlamps are in automatic or on low beam, your high-beamheadlamps will turn on. They’ll stay on as long as you hold the lever toward you and thehigh-beamindicator located on the cluster comes on. Release the lever to return to normal operation.

3-7

Windshield Wipers

To operate the windshield wipers turn the band, located on the multifunction lever, upward or downward.

MIST: Turn the band to MIST for a single wiping cycle. Hold it there until the windshield wipers start, then let

it go. The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the band on mist longer.

OFF: Turn the band to turn off the windshield wipers.

LOW (Low Speed): Turn the band to LOW for steady wiping at low speed.

HIGH (High Speed): Turn the band to HIGH for steady wiping at high speed.

DELAY: Turn the band to one of the five delay settings located between OFF and LOW, to choose the delayed wiping cycle. The closer the band is turned to

OFF, the shorter the delay will be. For fewer wipes choose a setting closer to LOW. Use this setting for light rain and snow.

Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.

Windshield Washer

L(Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the multifunction lever. To spray washer fluid on the windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your preset speed.

{CAUTION:

In freezing weather, do not use your washer until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision.

The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your preset speed.

3-8

Rear Window Washer/Wiper

Your vehicle may have this feature. The rear window washer/wiper is controlled by using the switch located on the instrument panel, next to the audio system.

To turn the wiper on, slide the switch all the way up to ON.

For delay wiping, slide the switch up to the center position next to the word DELAY on the rear wiper control. The wiper will cycle every nine seconds.

To wash the window, push in on the switch. Window washer fluid will continue to spray until the switch

is released. The wiper will continue with three more wipes and then return to the setting that was chosen before the lever was pushed.

Move the switch to OFF to turn off the rear window washer.

The rear window washer uses the same fluid bottle as the front windshield washer. If the fluid level is low in the washer bottle, you may not be able to wash your rear window. If you can wash your windshield, but not

your rear window, check the fluid level.

3-9

Cruise Control

Your vehicle may have this feature. With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise control

does not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).

When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts off.

{CAUTION:

Cruise control can be dangerous where you can not drive safely at a steady speed. So, do not use your cruise control on winding roads or in heavy traffic.

Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause needless wheel spinning, and you could lose control. Do not use cruise control on slippery roads.

3-10

Setting Cruise Control

{CAUTION:

If you leave your cruise control on when you are not using cruise, you might hit a button and go into cruise when you do not want to. You could be startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise control switch off until you want to use cruise control.

1.Move the cruise control switch to ON.

2.Get up to the speed you want.

3.Press in the SET button at the end of the lever and release it.

4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.

Resuming a Set Speed

Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.

Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise control switch from

ON to R/A (Resume/Acclerate) briefly.

You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there.

If you hold the switch at R/A, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch or apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at R/A.

Increasing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

There are two ways to go to a higher speed:

Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Press the button at the end of the lever, then release the button and the accelerator pedal.

You’ll now cruise at the higher speed.

Move the cruise switch from ON to R/A. Hold it there until you get up to the speed you want,

and then release the switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to R/A briefly. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.

Reducing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

There are two ways to reduce your speed while using cruise control:

Press the button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.

To slow down in very small amounts, press the button briefly. Each time you do this, you’ll go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.

3-11

Passing Another Vehicle While Using

Cruise Control

Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.

Using Cruise Control on Hills

How well your cruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of the

hills. When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course,

applying the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on steep hills.

Ending Cruise Control

There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:

Step lightly on the brake pedal.

Move the cruise switch to OFF.

Erasing Speed Memory

When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your cruise control set speed memory is erased.

Exterior Lamps

The exterior lamp control is located on the driver’s side of the instrument panel.

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The exterior lamp control has three positions:

9(Off): Turning the control to this position turns off all lamps except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).

;(Parking Lamps): Turning the control to this position turns on the parking lamps, together with the following:

Sidemarker Lamps

Taillamps

License Plate Lamps

Instrument Panel Lights

Ashtray Lamp

O(Headlamps): Turning the control to this position turns on the headlamps, together with the previously listed lamps and lights.

Automatic Headlamp System

When it is dark enough outside, your automatic headlamp system will turn on your headlamps at the normal brightness along with other lamps such as the taillamps, sidemarker, parking lamps and the instrument panel lights. The radio lights will also dim.

Your vehicle is equipped with a light sensor on the top of the instrument panel in the defroster grille. Be sure it

is not covered, or the system will be on whenever the ignition is on.

The system may also turn on your headlamps when driving through a parking garage, heavy overcast weather or a tunnel. This is normal.

There is a delay in the transition between the daytime and nighttime operation of the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) and the automatic headlamp systems so that driving under bridges or bright overhead street lights does not affect the system. The DRL and automatic headlamp system will only be affected when the light sensor sees a change in lighting lasting longer than the delay.

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To idle your vehicle with the automatic headlamp system off, set the parking brake while the ignition is off. Then start your vehicle. The automatic headlamp system will stay off until you release the parking brake.

You may be able to turn off your automatic headlamp system. See “Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)” later in this section for more information.

As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamps when you need them.

Lamps On Reminder

A reminder tone will sound when your headlamps or parking lamps are manually turned on and your ignition is in OFF, LOCK or ACCESSORY. To disable the tone, turn the instrument panel brightness thumbwheel all the way down. In the automatic mode, the headlamps turn off once the ignition key is in OFF.

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for others to see the front of your vehicle during the

day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles

first sold in Canada.

The DRL system will make your headlamps come on at a reduced brightness when the following conditions

are met:

The ignition is on,

the exterior lamp control is off.

the automatic transmission is not in PARK (P),

the light sensor determines it is daytime and

the parking brake is released.

When the DRL are on, only your DRL lamps will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t be lit up either.

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When it begins to get dark, the automatic headlamp system will switch from DRL to the headlamps or the last chosen headlamp setting that was used.

To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, put the transmission in PARK (P). The DRL will stay off until you shift out of PARK (P).

The following does not apply to vehicles first sold in Canada.

When necessary, you may turn off the automatic headlamp system and the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) feature by following the steps below:

1.Turn the ignition to RUN.

2.Press the DOME OVERRIDE button four times within six seconds. After the fourth press of the button, a chime will sound informing you that the system is off.

To return to the automatic mode, push the DOME OVERRIDE button four times within six seconds (the chime will sound), or turn the ignition to off and then to RUN again.

As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamp system when you need it.

Interior Lamps

Instrument Panel Brightness Control

The thumbwheel for this feature is located to the right of the exterior lamps control. Turn the thumbwheel up to brighten the lights or down to dim them.

Moving the thumbwheel up to the first position will activate the interior dome lamps.

Exit Lighting

With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on when you remove the key from the ignition. The lights will not come on if the DOME OVERRIDE button is pressed in.

Entry Lighting

Your vehicle is equipped with an illuminated entry feature.

When a door is opened, the dome lamps will come on if the DOME OVERRIDE button is in the out position.

The dome lamps will not come on when the Dutch doors are opened. When all the doors are closed, the lamps will stay on for a short period of time and will then

go out. If the DOME OVERRIDE button is pressed in, the lamps will not come on.

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Dome Lamps

The dome lamps will come on when you open a door.

Press the DOME OVERRIDE button in to cancel automatic operation of the dome lamps. The button is located near the exterior lamp control. Press the button again to return it to the out position for normal operation.

You can also turn the dome lamps on by turning the thumbwheel, located next to the exterior lamp control, all the way up. In this position, the dome lamps will

remain on whether a door is opened or closed.

You can use the DOME OVERRIDE button, located near the exterior lamp control, to set the dome lamps to come on automatically when a door is opened, or to remain off. To turn the lamps off, press the button into the in position, the dome lamps will remain off when

a door is open. To return the lamps to automatic operation, press the button again and return it to the out position. With the button in this position, the dome lamps will come on when you open a door.

Battery Run-DownProtection

This feature shuts off the dome, courtesy, vanity, reading and glove box lights if they are left on for more than 20 minutes when the ignition is off. This will

keep your battery from running down.

If the battery run-downprotection shuts off the interior lamps, it may be necessary to do one of the following to return to normal operation:

Shut off all lamps and close all doors, or

turn the ignition key to RUN.

Accessory Power Outlets

You can plug accessory electrical equipment into an accessory power outlet. Just pull on the outlet cover to remove it and follow the proper installation instructions that are included with any electrical equipment that you install.

The accessory power outlet is located on the passenger’s side of the front storage compartment.

These circuits are protected by a fuse and have maximum current levels.

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Certain power accessory plugs may not be compatible to the power accessory outlet and could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem, see your dealer for additional information on the power accessory plugs.

Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn off electrical equipment when not in use and do not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum amperage rating.

Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty. Do not

hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug because the power outlets are designed for accessory power plugs only.

Ashtrays and Cigarette Lighter

The cigarette lighter is on the left of the engine cover console.

To use the lighter, press it in all the way and let go. When it’s done heating, it will pop back out by itself.

Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it

is heating will not allow the lighter to back away from the heating element when it is hot. Damage from overheating may occur to the lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it is heating.

Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn off electrical equipment when not in use and do not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum amperage rating.

The front ashtray is located above the passenger’s side front cupholder. To remove the front ashtray, open it and gently pull it slightly past its stop.

To remove the ashtray on the sliding door, open it, then press down on the inside tab and pull it out.

You may have another ashtray on the driver’s sidewall. Press the right side to turn the ashtray around for

use. To remove the ashtray, open it and gently pull it off the hinge.

Notice: If you put papers or other flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them and possibly damage your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the ashtray.

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Climate Controls

Climate Control System

With this system you can control the heating, cooling and ventilation for your vehicle.

Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise to direct the airflow inside of your vehicle.

To change the current mode, select one of the following:

)(Bi-Level): This mode directs approximately half of the air to the instrument panel outlets and directs most of the remaining air to the floor outlets. Some air may be directed toward the windshield.

H(Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument panel outlets.

6(Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the floor outlets with some air directed to the outboard outlets (for the side windows) and some air directed to the windshield.

A/C (Air Conditioning): This setting brings in outside air, cools and dehumidifies it.

MAX A/C (Maximum Air Conditioning): This setting cools the air the fastest, by recirculating the inside air.

The right knob can also be used to select the defrost mode. Information on defogging and defrosting can be found later in this section.

9(Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.

Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the temperature inside your vehicle.

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Defogging and Defrosting

Turn the right knob to select the defog or defrost mode.

-(Blend): With this setting, the outside air comes out of both the floor and defroster outlets. Adjust

the temperature knob for warmer or cooler air. The air conditioning compressor may operate in this setting to dehumidfy the air.

1(Defrost): This setting operates the defroster. Most of the air comes out near the windshield, with some going to the floor outlets and front side windows. The air conditioning compressor may operate in this setting to dehumidify the air.

The bi-levelsetting is useful for cold weather with a large number of passengers or very humid conditions to help keep the windshield clear. Use defrost to remove fog or ice from the windshield quickly in extremely

cold conditions. The temperature knob should be in the red area and the fan control toward high.

Rear Window Defogger

The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to remove fog or frost from the rear window.

The rear window defogger will only work when the ignition is in RUN.

Press this button to turn the rear window defogger on or off. Be sure to clear as much snow from the window as possible.

The rear window defogger will turn off several minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on again, the defogger will run for several more minutes before turning off. The defogger can also be turned off by pressing

the button again or by turning off the engine.

Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to clear the inside rear window may damage the rear window defogger. Repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not clear the inside of the rear window with sharp objects.

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Outlet Adjustment

Move the thumbwheel in the center of the outlets up or down to change the direction of airflow.

Operation Tips

Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air inlets at the base of the windshield that may block the flow of air into your vehicle.

Use of non-GMapproved hood deflectors may adversely affect the performance of the system.

Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more effectively.

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Rear Heating System

Your vehicle may have a rear heating system that allows you to adjust the amount of air flowing into the rear of the vehicle, from the front-seatingarea. This feature works with the mainclimate-controlsystem in your vehicle.

The thumbwheel for this system is located to the right of the audio system.

Turn the thumbwheel up or down to increase or decrease the amount of heated air sent to the rear-seatingarea.

Rear Air Conditioning System

Your vehicle may have a rear air-conditioningsystem that allows you to adjust the fan speed in therear-seatingarea, from thefront-seatingarea. This feature works with the mainclimate-controlsystem in your vehicle.

The thumbwheel for this system is located to the right of the rear-heatingsystem.

Turn the thumbwheel up or down to increase or decrease the amount of cooled air sent to the rear-seatingarea.

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Directing the Airflow

To direct the airflow to the rear-seatingarea, use the right knob located on the mainclimate-controlpanel.

Generally the upper outlets are used for air conditioning and the floor outlets are used for heating.

Selecting the Fan Speed

Rear Heat and Rear A/C

9(Fan): Move either thumbwheel on either climate control panel up or down to HIGH, MED (Medium)

or LOW to increase or decrease the fan speed in the rear-seatingarea. Move the thumbwheel to OFF to turn off the fan.

Setting the Temperature

To increase or decrease the temperature for the entire vehicle use the center knob located on the main climate-controlpanel.

The air-conditioningsystem on the mainclimate-controlpanel must be turned on to direct cooled air to the

rear of the vehicle. If it is not on, then the temperature in the rear of the vehicle will remain at cabin temperature.

Be sure to keep the area under the front seats clear of any objects so that the air inside of your vehicle can circulate effectively.

For information on how to use the main climate-controlsystem. For information on ventilation, see “Outlet Adjustment” earlier in this section.

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Warning Lights, Gages and

Indicators

Warning Lights, Gages, and

Indicators

This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.

Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause

an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you

or others from injury.

Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages, some

warning lights come on briefly when you start the engine just to let you know they’re working. If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.

Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages

and warning lights work together to let you know when there’s a problem with your vehicle.

When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly – and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. They’re a big help.

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Instrument Panel Cluster

Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You’ll know how fast you’re going, about how much fuel you’ve used, and many other things you’ll need to know to drive safely and economically.

United States version shown, Canada similar

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Speedometer and Odometer

Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has

been driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada).

Your odometer is tamper resistant. The digital odometer will read 999,999 if someone tries to turn it back.

You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must

be. But if it can’t, then it’s set at zero, and a label must be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage reading when the new odometer was installed.

Trip Odometer

The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.

The trip odometer will appear in place of your regular odometer when you press the TRIP button.

To reset the trip odometer, press and hold the TRIP button. To change back to the regular odometer, press the TRIP button again.

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Safety Belt Reminder Light

When the key is turned to RUN or START, a tone will come on for several seconds to remind people to fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is already buckled.

The safety belt light will also come on and stay on for several seconds, then it will flash for several more.

If the driver’s belt is already buckled, neither the tone nor the light will come on.

Air Bag Readiness Light

There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows AIR BAG or the air bag symbol. The system checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the air bag sensor, the air bag modules, the wiring and

the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the air bag system, see Air Bag System on page 1-63.

United States

Canada

This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and it will flash for a few seconds. Then the light should

go out. This means the system is ready.

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If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your air

bag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.

{CAUTION:

If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the air bag system may not be working properly. The air bags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the air bag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.

The air bag readiness light should flash for a few seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will

be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

Charging System Light

This light should come on briefly when you turn on the ignition, before starting the engine, as a check

to show you it is working.

After the engine starts, the light should go out. If it stays on or comes on while you are driving, you may have

a problem with your charging system. It could indicate a problem with the generator drive belt, or some other charging system problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.

If you must drive a short distance with this light

on, it helps to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio and air conditioner.

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Voltmeter Gage

When your engine is not running, but the ignition is on (in the RUN position), the gage shows your battery’s state of charge in DC volts.

When the engine is running, the gage shows the condition of the charging system. Readings between the low and high warning zones indicate the normal operating range.

Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a large number of electrical accessories are operating in the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an extended period. This condition is normal since the charging system is not able to provide full power

at engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow the charging system to create maximum power.

You can only drive for a short time with the readings in either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all unnecessary accessories.

Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle serviced as soon as possible.

Brake System Warning Light

When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on when you set your parking brake. The light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it means you have a brake problem.

Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need both parts working well.

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If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.

This light should come on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If

it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will

be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.

Anti-LockBrake System

Warning Light

If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the

floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-29.

{CAUTION:

Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning light is on. Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead to an accident. If the light is still on after you have pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.

United States

Canada

With the anti-lockbrake system, this light will come on when you start your engine and may stay on for several seconds. That’s normal.

If the light stays on, or comes on when you’re driving, your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lockbrakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also on, you don’t haveanti-lockbrakes and there’s a problem with your regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light” earlier in this section.

The anti-lockbrake system warning light should come on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If

the light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

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Engine Coolant Temperature Gage

This gage shows the engine coolant temperature. If the gage pointer moves to the red area, your engine is too hot!

It means that your engine coolant has overheated.

If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.

See Engine Overheating on page5-29.

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

Service Engine Soon Light in the United States or Check Engine Light in Canada

United States

Canada

Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which monitors operation of the fuel, ignition and emission control systems.

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This system is called OBD II (On-BoardDiagnostics-SecondGeneration) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light comes on and a chime will sound to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.

Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after a while, your emission controls may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good and your engine may not run as

smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by your warranty.

Notice: Modifications made to the engine, transmission, exhaust, intake or fuel system of your vehicle or the replacement of the original tires

with other than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls and may cause this light to come on.

Modifications to these systems could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test.

This light should come on, as a check to show you it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is

not running. If the light does not come on, have it repaired. This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

Light Flashing — A misfire condition has been detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

Light On Steady — An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

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If the Light Is Flashing

The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle:

Reducing vehicle speed.

Avoiding hard accelerations.

Avoiding steep uphill grades.

If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.

If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If the Light Is On Steady” following.

If the light continues to flash, when it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If

the Light Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon as possible.

If the Light Is On Steady

You may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following:

Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?

If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install the cap. See Filling Your Tank on page 5-7.The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly installed should turn the light off.

Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?

If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.

Have you recently changed brands of fuel?

If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See

Gasoline Octane on page5-4. Poor fuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the

light to turn on.

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If you experience one or more of these conditions, change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.

If none of the above steps have made the light turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has

the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed.

Emissions Inspection and Maintenance

Programs

Some state/provincial and local governments have or may begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.

Here are some things you need to know to help your vehicle pass an inspection:

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the SERVICE ENGINE SOON or CHECK ENGINE light is on or not working properly.

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD (on-boarddiagnostic) system determines that critical emission control systems have not been completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical emission control systems during normal driving. This may take several days

of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.

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Oil Pressure Gage

The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running.

Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals). Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.

A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a dangerously low oil level or other problems causing

low oil pressure.

{CAUTION:

Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could be burned.

Check your oil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.

Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may damage the engine. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the maintenance schedule in this manual for changing engine oil.

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Security Light

Service All-WheelDrive Light

This light will come on briefly when you turn the ignition key to START.

The light will stay on until the engine starts. If the light flashes, the Passlock ® System has entered a tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, seePasslock®

on page 2-16.

If the light comes on continuously while driving and stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock® System. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock®, and you should see your GM dealer.

This light should come on briefly when you turn on the ignition, as a check to show you it is working.

The SERVICE AWD light comes on to indicate that there may be a problem with the drive system and service is required. Malfunctions can be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent, which may prevent serious damage to the vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing a malfunction.

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Tow/Haul Mode Light

Fuel Gage

This light should come on when the tow/haul mode has been selected.

For more information, see “Tow/Haul Mode” in Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.

Check Gages Warning Light

The CHECK GAGES light will come on briefly when you are starting the engine.

If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving, check your coolant temperature and engine oil pressure gages to see if they are in the warning zones.

United States

Canada

The fuel gage tells you approximately how much fuel you have remaining when the ignition is on.

When the gage first indicates empty, you still have a little fuel left, but you should get more fuel as soon as possible.

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Here are things some owners ask about. None of these indicate a problem with your fuel gage:

At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads full.

The fuel tank will take either a little more or a little less fuel to fill up than the gage shows.

The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or speed up.

The gage doesn’t go back to empty when you turn off the ignition.

Low Fuel Warning Light

The LOW FUEL light will come on briefly when you are starting the engine.

This light comes on when the fuel tank is low on fuel. To turn it off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See Fuel on page 5-4.

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Audio System(s)

Notice: Before you add any sound equipment to your vehicle – like a tape player, CB radio, mobile telephone ortwo-wayradio – be sure you can

add what you want. If you can, it’s very important to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added improperly.

So, before adding sound equipment, check with your dealer and be sure to check federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units.

Your audio system has been designed to operate easily and to give years of listening pleasure. You will get

the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint yourself with it first. Figure out which radio you have in your vehicle, find out what your audio system can do and how to operate all of its controls to be sure you’re getting the most out of the advanced engineering that went into it.

Your vehicle has a feature called Retained Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, you can play your audio system even after the ignition is turned off. See “Retained Accessory Power (RAP)” under Ignition Positions on page 2-17.

Setting the Time for Radios with the Set Button

Press SET. Within five seconds, press and hold the left SEEK arrow until the correct hour appears on the display. Press and hold the right SEEK arrow until the correct minute appears on the display.

Setting the Time for Radios with HR and MN Buttons

Press and hold HR until the correct hour appears on the display. Press and hold MN until the correct minute appears on the display. To display the time with

the ignition off, press RECALL or HR/MN and the time will be displayed for a few seconds. There is an

initial two-seconddelay before the clock goes into thetime-setmode.

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AM-FMRadio

Playing the Radio

Power: Turn the VOLUME knob to turn the system on and off.

VOLUME: Turn this knob to increase or to decrease volume.

RECALL: Press this knob to switch the display between the radio station frequency and the time. Time display is available with the ignition turned off.

Finding a Station

AM-FM: Press this knob to switch between FM1, FM2, and AM. The display will show your selection.

TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.

oSEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.

oSCAN p: Press both SCAN arrows at the same time. SCAN will appear on the display. The radio will go to the next station, play for a few seconds, then go

on to the next station. Press the RECALL knob or either SCAN arrow to stop scanning.

Setting Preset Stations

The four numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 21 stations

(seven FM1, seven FM2, and seven AM) by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM-FMto select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

3-39

4.Press SET. SET will appear on the display.

5.Press one of the four pushbuttons within five seconds. Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return.

6.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

In addition to the four stations already set, up to three more stations may be preset on each band by pressing two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time and by performing the following steps:

1.Tune in the desired station.

2.Press SET. SET will appear on the display.

3.Press two adjoining pushbuttons at the same time, within five seconds. Whenever you press the same two pushbuttons, the station you set will return.

4.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

BASS: Slide this lever up or down to increase or to decrease bass.

TREB (Treble): Slide this lever up or down to increase or to decrease treble. If a station is weak or noisy,

you may want to decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

BAL (Balance): Turn the control ring behind the upper knob to move the sound toward the left or the right speakers.

FADE: Turn the control ring behind the lower knob to move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.

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Radio with CD

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on and off.

VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease volume. The knob is capable of rotating continuously.

SCV (Speed-CompensatedVolume):With SCV, your audio system adjusts automatically to make up for road and wind noise as you drive.

Set the volume at the desired level. Turn the control ring behind the upper knob clockwise to increase

the SCV. Each notch on the control ring allows for more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. Then, as you drive, SCV automatically increases the volume, as necessary, to overcome noise at any speed. The volume level should always sound the same to you as you drive. If you do not want to use SCV, turn the control all the way down.

RECALL: Press this button to switch the display between the radio station frequency and the time. Time display is available with the ignition turned off.

Finding a Station

AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, and AM. The display will show your selection.

TUNE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn it to select radio stations. Push the knob back into its stored position when you are not using it.

3-41

oSEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to the next or previous station and stay there.

To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for two seconds until SCAN appears on the display. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.

The radio will seek and scan only to stations that are in the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.

P.SCAN (Preset Scan): Press this button to listen to each of your favorite stations stored on the pushbuttons for a few seconds. P.SCAN will appear on the display. Press this button again or one of the pushbuttons to stop scanning presets.

The radio will scan only to the preset stations that are in the selected band and only to those with a strong signal.

Setting Preset Stations

The six numbered pushbuttons let you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press AUTO TONE to select the equalization.

5.Press and hold one of the six pushbuttons.

The sound will mute. When it returns, release the pushbutton. Whenever you press that numbered pushbutton, the station you set will return and the equalization you selected will be automatically stored for that pushbutton.

6.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

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Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to increase or to decrease bass.

TREB (Treble): Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to increase or to decrease treble. If

a station is weak or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.

Return these knobs to their stored positions when you’re not using them.

AUTO TONE (Automatic Tone): Press this knob to select customized equalization settings designed

for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.

To return the bass and treble to the manual mode, either press and release the AUTO TONE button until the display goes blank or press and release the BASS or TREB knobs and turn them until the display goes blank.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

BAL (Balance): Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.

FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the front or the

rear speakers.

Return these knobs to their stored positions when you are not using them.

Playing a CD

Insert a CDpartway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing. CD and a CD symbol will appear on the display. If you

want to insert a CD when the ignition is off, first press the EJECT button. If you insert a CD with the radio off and the ignition on, it will start to play.

If you turn off the ignition or radio with a CD in the player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the ignition or radio, the CD will start playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

As each new track starts to play, the track number will appear on the display.

The CD player can play the smaller 8 cm single discs with an adapter ring. Full-sizecompact discs and

the smaller discs are loaded in the same manner.

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If playing a CD-Rthe sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. You may experience an increase in skipping, difficulty in finding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur try a known good CD.

Do not add paper labels to discs, they could get caught in the CD player.

Do not play 3 inch discs without a standard adapter disc.

If an error appears on the display, see “CD Messages” later in this section.

1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the start of the current track if more then eight seconds have played. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than once, the player will continue moving backward through the CD.

2 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RANDOM will appear on the display. Press this pushbutton again to turn off random play.

3 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track. If you hold this pushbutton or press it more than

once, the player will continue moving forward through the CD.

REV 4 (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear

on the display.

FWD 6 (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. Release the pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear

on the display.

oSEEK p: The right arrow is the same as the NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the PREV pushbutton. If you hold either arrow or press it more than once, the player will continue moving forward or backward through the CD.

RECALL: Press this button to see what track is playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how long the current track has been playing. Press this button again to return to the time display.

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AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

CD AUX (Auxiliary): Press this button to play a CD when listening to the radio.

EJECT: Press this button to eject the CD. Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this button

is pressed first.

CD Messages

ERR (Error): If this message appears and the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smooth, the CD should play.

The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

The label may be caught in the CD player.

Press RECALL to make ERR go off of the display.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer. If your radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem.

3-45

Rear Seat Audio (RSA)

This feature allows rear seat passengers to listen to any of the music sources: radio, and CDs. However, the rear seat passengers can only control the music sources that the front seat passengers are not listening to. For example, rear seat passengers may listen to a CD through headphones while the driver listens to the radio through the front speakers. The rear seat passengers have control of the volume for each set of headphones. Be aware that the front seat audio controls always override the rear seat audio controls.

PWR (Power): Press this button to turn the rear seat audio system on or off. The rear speakers will be muted when the power is turned on. You may operate the

rear seat audio functions even when the front seat radio power is off.

VOL (Volume): Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the knob to increase or to decrease volume. Push the knob back into its stored position when you are

not using it. The upper knob controls the upper headphone and the lower knob controls the lower headphone.

AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, and AM. If the front passengers are already listening to the radio, the RSA controller will not switch between the bands or change the frequency.

Press AM FM to listen to the radio when a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

wSEEK x: While listening to the radio, press the up or the down arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there. This button is inactive if the front radio is in use.

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While listening to a CD, press the up arrow to hear the next track on the CD. Press the down arrow to go back to the start of the current track if more than eight

seconds have played. The SEEK button is inactive if the CD mode on the front radio is in use.

To scan preset stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow until SCAN appears on the radio display.

The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning. The scan function is inactive

if the front radio is in use.

P.SET PROG (Preset Program): The front passengers must be listening to something different for each of these functions to work:

Press this button to scan through the preset radio stations set on the pushbuttons on the main radio. The radio will go to a preset station, play for a

few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press this button again to stop scanning.

TAPE CD: Press this button to play CD when listening to the radio.

Theft-DeterrentFeature

THEFTLOCK® is designed to discourage theft of your radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio functions whenever battery power is interrupted.

The THEFTLOCK® feature for the radio may be used or ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the radio is not protected by the feature. If THEFTLOCK® is activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.

When THEFTLOCK® is activated, LOC will appear on the radio display to indicate a locked condition anytime battery power has been interrupted. If your battery loses power for any reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code before it will operate.

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Activating the Theft-DeterrentFeature

The instructions which follow explain how to enter

your secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK® system. Read through all nine steps before starting the procedure.

If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to time

and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.

1.Write down any three or four-digitnumber from 000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from the vehicle.

2.Turn the ignition on.

3.Turn the radio off.

4.Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time. Hold them down until ---shows on the display.

Next you will use the secret code number which you have written down.

5.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

6.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

7.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

8.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show REP to let you know that you need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your secret code.

9.Press AM FM and this time the display will show SEC to let you know that your radio is secure. The LED indicator by the volume knob will begin flashing when the ignition is turned off.

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Unlocking the Theft-DeterrentFeature

After a Power Loss

Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps:

1.Turn the ignition on. LOC will appear on the display.

2.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

3.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

4.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

5.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is now operable and secure.

If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour with the ignition on before you can try again. When you try again, you will only have three chances to enter

the correct code before INOP appears.

If you lose or forget your code, contact your dealership.

Disabling the Theft-DeterrentFeature

Enter your secret code as follows; pause no more than 15 seconds between steps:

1.Turn the ignition on.

2.Turn the radio off.

3.Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons at the same time. Hold them down until SEC appears on the display.

4.Press MN and 000 will appear on the display.

5.Press MN again to make the last two digits agree with your code.

6.Press HR to make the first one or two digits agree with your code.

7.Press AM FM after you have confirmed that the code matches the secret code you have written down. ---will appear on the display, indicating that the radio is no longer secured.

If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the display. The radio will remain secured until the correct code is entered.

When battery power is removed and later applied to a secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will appear on the display.

To unlock a secured radio, see Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss earlier in this section.

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Radio Reception

AM

The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere with each other. AM can pick up noise from things like storms and power lines.

Try reducing the treble to reduce this noise.

FM

FM stereo will give you the best sound, but FM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).

Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to come and go.

Care of Your CDs

Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct

sunlight and dust. If the surface of a CD is soiled, dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution and clean it, wiping from the center to the edge.

Be sure never to touch the side without writing when handling CDs. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.

Care of Your CD Player

The use of CD lens cleaners for CDs is not advised, due to the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.

Fixed Mast Antenna

The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, you should replace it.

Check occasionally to be sure the mast is still tightened to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten by

hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.

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Section 4 Driving Your Vehicle

Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle

..........4-2

Defensive Driving ...........................................

4-2

Drunken Driving .............................................

4-3

Control of a Vehicle ........................................

4-6

Braking .........................................................

4-6

Locking Rear Axle ..........................................

4-9

Steering ........................................................

4-9

Off-Road Recovery .......................................

4-11

Passing .......................................................

4-12

Loss of Control .............................................

4-13

Driving at Night ............................................

4-14

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................

4-16

City Driving ..................................................

4-19

Freeway Driving ...........................................

4-20

Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................

4-21

Highway Hypnosis ........................................

4-22

Hill and Mountain Roads ................................

4-22

Winter Driving ..............................................

4-24

If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ...

4-28

Towing ..........................................................

4-29

Towing Your Vehicle .....................................

4-29

Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................

4-29

Loading Your Vehicle ....................................

4-29

Towing a Trailer ...........................................

4-35

4-1

Your Driving, the Road, and

Your Vehicle

Defensive Driving

The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.

Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone on page 1-13.

Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads or freeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.”

Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do. Be ready for their mistakes.

Rear-endcollisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. It is the best defensive driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know when

the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn suddenly.

Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving task — such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call, reading, or reaching for something on the floor — makes proper defensive driving more difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury.

Ask a passenger to help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe place to do them yourself. These simple defensive driving techniques could save your life.

4-2

Drunken Driving

Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor

to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year.

Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:

Judgment

Muscular Coordination

Vision

Attentiveness.

Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-relateddeaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking and driving. In recent years, more than 16,000 annual motorvehicle-relateddeaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.

Many adults — by some estimates, nearly half the adult population — choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,

it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological and developmental reasons for these laws.

The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is “too much” if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less

than many might think. Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem.

The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things:

The amount of alcohol consumed

The drinker’s body weight

The amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking

The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol.

4-3

According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC

of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2ounces (45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin or vodka.

It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person

who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.

There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water

than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight will when each has the same number of drinks.

The law in an increasing number of U.S. states, and throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.

The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen,

it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.

4-4

But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching

0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of

0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance

of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!

The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. “I will be careful” is not the right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need

to take sudden action, as when a child darts into

the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.

There is something else about drinking and driving that many people do not know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking — driver or passenger — is in a crash, that person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the person had not been drinking.

{CAUTION:

Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and judgment can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You can have a

serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.

Ride home in a cab; or if you are with a group, designate a driver who will not drink.

4-5

Control of a Vehicle

You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at the places where the tires meet

the road.

Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems than

the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle.

Braking

Braking action involves perception time andreaction time.

First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That isreaction time.

Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But that is only an average. It might be less with one driver

and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That

could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important.

And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road (whether it is pavement or gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of

the vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.

4-6

Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts — heavy acceleration followed by heavy

braking — rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.

That means better braking and longer brake life.

If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,

the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist.

But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

Anti-lockBrake System

Your vehicle has anti-lockbrakes. ABS is an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid.

When you start your engine and begin to drive away, your anti-lockbrake system will check itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test is going on. This is normal.

United States

Canada

If there is a problem with the anti-lockbrake system, this warning light will stay on. SeeAnti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 3-29.

4-7

Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what happens with ABS:

A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at both rear wheels.

The anti-locksystem can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle while braking hard.

As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.

4-8

Remember: Anti-lockdoes not change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to

the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lockbrakes.

Using Anti-Lock

Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down firmly and let anti-lockwork for you. You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise,

but this is normal.

Braking in Emergencies

With anti-lock,you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking.

Locking Rear Axle

If your vehicle has this feature, your locking rear axle can give you additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the

time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, this feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.

Steering

Power Steering

If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

Steering Tips

Driving on Curves

It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.

A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here is why:

Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.

The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when

you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.

The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While

you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.

4-9

Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control

systems — steering and acceleration — have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those places. You can lose control.

What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.

Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds

are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.

If you need to reduce your speed as you approach

a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.

Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.

Steering in Emergencies

There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in front of you. You

can avoid these problems by braking — if you can stop in time. But sometimes you can not; there is not room. That is the time for evasive action — steering around the problem.

Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes.

See Braking on page 4-6.It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then

steer around the problem, to the left or right depending on the space available.

4-10

An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you

can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.

The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.

Off-RoadRecovery

You may find that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are driving.

If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of

the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarterturn until the right front tire contacts

the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.

4-11

Passing

The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lanehighway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?

Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lanehighway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents — thehead-oncollision.

So here are some tips for passing:

“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better time.

Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it is all

right to pass (providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you are following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops.

Keep back a reasonable distance.

When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and

do not get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you

will have a “running start” that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping

back. And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity.

If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone is not trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

4-12

Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far

enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. (Remember that your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.)

Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-laneroads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.

Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn.

If you are being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.

Loss of Control

Let us review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) do not have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.

In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.

Skidding

In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible.

The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.

A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.

4-13

If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready

for a second skid if it occurs.

Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel or other material is on the road. For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to

these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited.

While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration

or braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery

until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues — such as enough water, ice or packed snow

on the road to make a “mirrored surface” — and slow down when you have any doubt.

Remember: Any anti-lockbrake system (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid.

Driving at Night

Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired — by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.

4-14

Here are some tips on night driving.

Drive defensively.

Do not drink and drive.

Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps behind you.

Since you can not see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles.

Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.

In remote areas, watch for animals.

If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.

No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase.

A 50-year-olddriver may require at least twice as much light to see the same thing at night as a20-year-old.

What you do in the daytime can also affect your

night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your

eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot of things invisible.

You can be temporarily blinded by approaching headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjustto the dark. When you are faced with severe glare (as from a driver

who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps), slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the approaching headlamps.

Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean — inside and out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.

Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep

your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from

night blindness — the inability to see in dim light — and are not even aware of it.

4-15

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads

Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road, you can not stop, accelerate or turn as well because your tire-to-roadtraction is not as good as on dry roads.

And, if your tires do not have much tread left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.

The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and

traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road and even people walking.

It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.

4-16

{CAUTION:

Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not work as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.

After driving through a large puddle of water or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally.

Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going through some car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you can not, try to slow down before you hit them.

4-17

Hydroplaning

Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.

Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in

one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone poles or other vehicles, and

raindrops “dimple” the water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.

Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.

Driving Through Deep Standing Water

Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing water, water can come in through your engine’s air intake and badly damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle.

If you can not avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive through them very slowly.

Driving Through Flowing Water

{CAUTION:

Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces. If you try to drive through flowing water, as you might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore police warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive through flowing water.

Some Other Rainy Weather Tips

Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your

view restricted by road spray.

Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires on page 5-61.

4-18

City Driving

One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals.

Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:

Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into

an unknown part of the city just as you would for a cross-countrytrip.

Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You will save time and energy. See Freeway Driving on page 4-20.

Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough

to need it. When a light turns green, and just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not cleared the intersection or may

be running the red light.

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Freeway Driving

Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.

The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving.

Too-fastortoo-slowdriving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.

At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect

to blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.

Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.

Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.

Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal.

Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in your “blind” spot.

Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to

move slightly slower at night.

When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the next exit.

4-20

The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.

Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are

going slower than you actually are.

Before Leaving on a Long Trip

Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when you are not fresh — such as after

a day’s work — do not plan to make too many miles that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing

and shoes you can easily drive in.

Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you will find experienced and able service experts in GM dealerships all across North America. They will be ready and willing to help if you need it.

Here are some things you can check before a trip:

Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?

Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?

Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?

Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?

Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,trouble-freetrip. Is the tread good enough forlong-distancedriving? Are the tires all inflated to the recommended pressure?

Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system?

Maps: Do you haveup-to-datemaps?

4-21

Highway Hypnosis

Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.

There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the

wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured.

What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can happen.

Then here are some tips:

Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior.

Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your instruments frequently.

If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness

on the highway as an emergency.

Hill and Mountain Roads

Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in flat or rolling terrain.

4-22

If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.

Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and transmission. These parts can work hard on mountain roads.

Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or long hill.

{CAUTION:

If you do not shift down, your brakes could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your engine assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.

{CAUTION:

Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to do all the work of slowing down. They could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine running and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.

Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.

Stay in your own lane when driving on two-laneroads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane.

As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.

You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passingzones, a falling rocks area or winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.

4-23

Winter Driving

Here are some tips for winter driving:

Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.

You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your vehicle.

Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red

cloth and reflective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag

of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.

Driving on Snow or Ice

Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the road probably have good traction.

However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You will have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very careful.

4-24

What is the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about freezing (32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins

to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.

Whatever the condition — smooth ice, packed, blowing or loose snow — drive with caution.

Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even more.

Your anti-lockbrakes improve your vehicle’s stability when you make a hard stop on a slippery road.

Even though you have an anti-lockbraking system, you will want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. SeeBraking on page 4-6.

Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.

Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On

an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun can not reach: around clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or

an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead

of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.

4-25

If You Are Caught in a Blizzard

If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation. You should probably stay with

your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:

Turn on your hazard flashers.

Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you have been stopped by the snow.

4-26

Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you. If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor mats — anything you can wrap around

yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.

You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.

{CAUTION:

Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill you. You can not see it or smell it, so you might not know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from around the base of your vehicle, especially any that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around again from time to time to be sure snow does not collect there.

Open a window just a little on the side of the vehicle that is away from the wind. This will help keep CO out.

Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator

slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged. You will need a well-chargedbattery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.

Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do

some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until help comes.

4-27

If You Are Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow

In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as

“rocking” can help you get out when you are stuck, but you must use caution.

{CAUTION:

If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can explode, and you or others could be injured. And, the transmission or other parts of the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine compartment fire or other damage. When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not spin the wheels above

35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.

Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.

For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-78.

Rocking Your Vehicle To Get It Out

First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release

the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is

in gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If that does not get

you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-29.

4-28

Towing

Towing Your Vehicle

Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See

Roadside Assistance Program on page7-6.

If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome), see “Recreational Vehicle Towing” following.

Recreational Vehicle Towing

Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle behind another vehicle — such as behind a motorhome. The two most common types of recreational vehicle towing are known as “dinghy towing” (towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and “dolly towing” (towing your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and two wheels up on a device known as a “dolly”).

Notice: Towing anall-wheel-drivevehicle with all four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain components. Do not tow anall-wheel-drivevehicle if any of its wheels will be on the ground.

Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with any of its wheels on the ground. If your vehicle must be towed, it should be placed on a platform trailer.

Loading Your Vehicle

It is very important to know how much weight your vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo and all nonfactory-installedoptions. Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the Certification/Tire label.

{CAUTION:

Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, and it can change the way your vehicle handles. These could cause you to lose control and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

4-29

Tire and Loading Information Label

A. Vehicle Capacity Weight

 

The Tire and Loading Information label is attached to

 

 

the center pillar, near the driver’s door latch. Vehicles

 

without a center pillar will have the Tire and Loading

 

Information label attached to the driver’s door edge.

 

This label lists the number of people that can be in your

 

vehicle and the total weight it can carry. This weight

 

is called the vehicle capacity weight.

 

The Tire and Loading Information label also tells you

 

the size and recommended inflation pressure for

 

the original equipment tires on your vehicle. For more

 

information on tires and inflation see Tires on page 5-61

 

and Inflation - Tire Pressure on page5-71 .

 

If your vehicle does not have the Tire and Loading

 

Information label, the Certification/Tire label shows the

 

tire size and recommended inflation pressures

 

needed to obtain the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

 

(GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for

 

the front and rear axles. See “Certification/Tire Label”

 

later in this section.

4-30

Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit

1.Locate the statement “The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX pounds” on your vehicle placard.

2.Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

3.Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kilograms or XXX pounds.

4.The resulting figure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the “XXX” amount equals 1400 lbs. and there will be five 150 lb. passengers in your vehicle, the amount of

available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs. (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs.).

5.Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo

and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

6.If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle. See Towing a Trailer on page 4-35 for important information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules and trailering tips.

Example 1

Loading Your Vehicle

Item

Description

Total

 

 

 

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs

for Example 1 =

(453 kg)

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 150 lbs

300 lbs (136 kg)

 

(68 kg) × 2 =

 

C

Available Occupant and

700 lbs. (317 kg)

Cargo Weight =

 

 

4-31

Example 2

Loading Your Vehicle

Item

Description

Total

 

 

 

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs

for Example 2 =

(453 kg)

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 150 lbs

750 lbs (136 kg)

 

(68 kg) × 5 =

 

C

Available Cargo

250 lbs. (113 kg)

Weight =

 

 

Example 3

Loading Your Vehicle

Item

Description

Total

 

 

 

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs

for Example 3 =

(453 kg)

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 200 lbs

1000 lbs (453 kg)

 

(91 kg) × 5 =

 

C

Available Cargo

0 lbs. (0 kg)

Weight =

 

 

Refer to your vehicle’s tire and loading information label for specific information about your vehicle’s capacity weight and seating positions. The combined weight of the driver, passengers and cargo should never

exceed your vehicle’s capacity weight.

4-32

Certification/Tire Label

The Certification/Tire label in your vehicle will look similar to this example.

The Certification/Tire label is found on the rear edge of the driver’s door. The label shows the size of your original tires and the inflation pressures needed to obtain the gross weight capacity of your vehicle.

This is called the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, cargo and tongue weight, if pulling a trailer.

The Certification/Tire label also tells you the maximum weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross

Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To find out the actual loads on your front and rear axles, you need to go to a

weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on both sides of the centerline.

Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the GAWR for either the front or rear axle.

And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.

{CAUTION:

Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, and it can change the way your vehicle handles. These could cause you to lose control and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

Using heavier suspension components to get added durability might not change your weight ratings. Ask your dealer to help you load your vehicle the right way.

4-33

Notice: Overloading your vehicle may cause damage. Repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not overload your vehicle.

If you put things inside of your vehicle – like suitcases, tools, packages, or anything else – they will go as

fast as the vehicle goes. If you have to stop or turn quickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.

{CAUTION:

Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in a crash.

Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.

Never stack heavier things, like suitcases, inside the vehicle so that some of them are above the tops of the seats.

Do not leave an unsecured child restraint in your vehicle.

When you carry something inside the vehicle, secure it whenever you can.

Do not leave a seat folded down unless you need to.

Payload

The Payload Capacity is shown on the Certification/Tire label. This is the maximum load capacity that your vehicle can carry. Be sure to include the weight of the people inside as part of your load. If you added any accessories or equipment after your vehicle left

the factory, remember to subtract the weight of these things from the payload. Your dealer can help you with this.

Trailering Package

There is a load rating which includes the weight of the vehicle and the trailer it tows. This rating is called

the Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR).

When you weigh your trailer, be sure to include the weight of everything you put in it. And, remember

to figure the weight of the people inside the vehicle as part of your load.

Add-OnEquipment

When you carry removable items, you may need to put a limit on how many people you carry inside your vehicle. Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you buy and install the new equipment.

4-34

Towing a Trailer

{CAUTION:

If you do not use the correct equipment and drive properly, you can lose control when you pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even at all. You and your passengers could be seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice and information about towing a trailer with your vehicle.

Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your vehicle and result in costly repairs that would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the instructions in this section and check with your dealer for more information about towing a trailer with your vehicle.

To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle, you should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer” that appears later in this section.

If yours was built with trailering options, as many are, it’s ready for heavier trailers. But trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes in handling, acceleration, braking, durability and fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.

That’s the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of

these are important for your safety and that of your passengers. So please read this section carefully before you pull a trailer.

If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer

If you do, here are some important points:

There are many different laws, including speed limit restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where you live

but also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this information can be state or provincial police.

Consider using a sway control. See “Hitches” later in this section.

Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts could be damaged.

4-35

Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)

and don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.

See also “Driving on Grades” later in this section.

Three important considerations have to do with weight:

the weight of the trailer,

the weight of the trailer tongue

and the weight on your vehicle’s tires.

Tow/Haul Mode

Tow/haul is designed to assist while your vehicle is pulling a large or heavy load or trailer. Tow/haul is most useful while pulling such a load in rolling terrain, in stop-and-gotraffic, or when you need improvedlow-speedcontrol, such as when parking. The purpose of the tow/haul mode is to:

Reduce the frequency and improve the predictability of transmission shifts,

provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a heavy load as when the vehicle is unloaded, and

improve control of vehicle speed while requiring less throttle pedal activity.

Press the button on the end of the shift lever to turn tow/haul mode on and off. While activated, the indicator light on the instrument panel will be on. Tow/haul mode will turn off automatically when the ignition is turned off. See Tow/Haul Mode Light on page 3-36.

Tow/haul is most effective when the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at least 75% of the vehicle’s Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR). See “Weight of the Trailer” later in this section.

Driving with tow/haul activated without a heavy load will cause reduced fuel economy and unpleasant engine and transmission driving characteristics, but will

not cause damage.

Weight of the Trailer

How heavy can a trailer safely be?

It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And, it can also depend

on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle.

The following chart shows how much your trailer can weigh, based upon your vehicle model and options.

4-36

 

 

Max. Trailer

 

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Wt. (lbs) (kg)

GCWR (lbs) (kg)

Two-WheelDrive (Cargo)

3.42

5,200 (2359)

9,500 (4309)

3.73

5,700 (2585)

10,000 (4536)

 

Two-WheelDrive (Passenger)

3.42

4,900 (2223)

9,500 (4309)

3.73

5,400 (2449)

10,000 (4536)

 

All-WheelDrive (Cargo)

3.42

5,000 (2268)

9,500 (4309)

3.73

5,500 (2495)

10,000 (4536)

 

All-WheelDrive (Passenger)

3.42

4,600 (2087)

9,500 (4309)

3.73

5,100 (2313)

10,000 (4536)

 

The Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) is the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo equipment and conversion. The GCWR for your vehicle should not be exceeded.

You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.

In Canada, write to:

General Motors of Canada Limited

Customer Communication Centre, 163-005

1908 Colonel Sam Drive

Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7

4-37

Weight of the Trailer Tongue

The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, equipment, passengers or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight your vehicle can carry, which will also reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29 for more information about your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.

The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight, up to a maximum of 200 lbs (92 kg) with a weight carrying hitch. The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight, up to a maximum of 750 lbs (341 kg) with a weight

distributing hitch.

After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights

are proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right simply by moving some items around in

the trailer.

Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires

Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Certification/Tire label at the rear edge of the driver’s door or see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-29.

Then be sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, including the weight of the trailer tongue. If

you use a weight distributing hitch, make sure you don’t go over the rear axle limit before you apply the weight distribution spring bars.

4-38

Hitches

It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch.

Weight-DistributingHitches and Weight

Carrying Hitches

(A) Body to Ground Distance, (B) Front of Vehicle

When using a weight-distributinghitch, the hitch must be adjusted so that the distance (A) remains the same both before and after coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.

If you use a step-bumperhitch, your bumper could be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure you have ample room when turning to avoid contact between the trailer and the bumper.

If you’ll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will weigh more than 2,000 lbs. (900 kg.), be sure to use a properly mounted, weight-distributinghitch and sway control of the proper size. This equipment is very important for proper vehicle loading and good handling when you’re driving. You should always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more than these limits. You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.

Will you have to make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?

If you’re using the wiring provided with the factory-installedtrailering package, you should not need to make any holes in the body of your vehicle. However, if you have an aftermarket hitch installed, you may need to make holes in the body.

If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your vehicle as well as dirt and water. See “Carbon Monoxide” under Engine Exhaust on page 2-28.

4-39

Safety Chains

You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting the road if it becomes separated from

the hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig. Never allow

safety chains to drag on the ground.

Trailer Brakes

If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg) loaded, then it needs its own brakes — and they must be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them properly.

Your trailer brake system can tap into your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system, except:

Don’t tap into your vehicle’s brake system if the trailer’s brake system will use more than 0.02 cubic inch (0.3 cc) of fluid from your vehicle’s master cylinder. If it does, both braking systems won’t work well. You could even lose your brakes.

Will the trailer parts take 3,000 psi (20 650 kPa) of pressure? If not, the trailer brake system must not be used with your vehicle.

If everything checks out this far, then make the brake fluid tap at the port on the master cylinder that sends fluid to the rear brakes. But don’t use

copper tubing for this. If you do, it will bend and finally break off. Use steel brake tubing.

4-40

Driving with a Trailer

{CAUTION:

If you have a rear-mostwindow open and you pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide (CO) could come into your vehicle. You can not see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or death. SeeEngine Exhaust on page 2-28.To maximize your safety when towing a trailer:

Have your exhaust system inspected for leaks, and make necessary repairs before starting on your trip.

Keep the rear-mostwindows closed.

If exhaust does come into your vehicle through a window in the rear or another opening, drive with your front, main heating or cooling system on and with the fan on any speed. This will bring fresh, outside air into your vehicle. Do not use the climate control setting for maximum air because it only recirculates the air inside your vehicle. See Climate Control System in the Index.

Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before setting out for the open road, you’ll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as responsive as your vehicle is by itself.

Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform (and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector, lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your electrical connection at the same time.

During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes are still working.

4-41

Following Distance

Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require

heavy braking and sudden turns.

Passing

You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.

Backing Up

Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible, have someone guide you.

Making Turns

Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.

When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike

soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.

Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer

When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra wiring (included in the optional trailering package).

The arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.

When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.

4-42

Driving On Grades

Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your brakes so much that they would get hot and no longer work well.

You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or, if necessary, a lower gear selection if the transmission shifts too often (e.g.,

under heavy loads and/or hilly conditions).

When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades, consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude

on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the engine run while parked (preferably on level ground) with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a

few minutes before turning the engine off. If you do get the overheat warning, see Engine Overheating on page 5-29.

Parking on Hills

{CAUTION:

You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.

But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how to do it:

1.Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into PARK (P) yet.

2.Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.

3.When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.

4.Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake, and shift to PARK (P).

5.Release the regular brakes.

4-43

When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on a Hill

1.Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:

start your engine,

shift into a gear, and

release the parking brake.

2.Let up on the brake pedal.

3.Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.

4.Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.

Maintenance When Trailer Towing

Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer operation are automatic transmission fluid (don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system and brake system. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help you find them quickly. If

you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review these sections before you start your trip.

Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight.

4-44

Trailer Wiring Harness

If you have the optional trailering package, your vehicle will have an eight-wireharness, including the centerhigh-mountedstoplamp battery feed wire. The harness is stored on the passenger’s side of the vehicle near the rear wheel well. This harness has a 30 amp battery feed wire and no connector, and should be wired by

a qualified electrical technician. After choosing an aftermarket trailer mating connector pair, have the technician attach one connector to the eight-wiretrailer harness and the other connector to the wiring harness on the trailer. Be sure the wiring harness on the trailer is taped or strapped to the trailer’s frame rail and leave

it loose enough so the wiring doesn’t bend or break, but not so loose that it drags on the ground. The eight-wireharness must be routed out of your vehicle between the rear door and the floor, with enough of the harness left on both sides so that the trailer or the body won’t

pull it. If you do not have the optional trailering package, your vehicle will still have a trailering harness. The harness is located near the passenger’s side rear wheel well. It consists of six wires that may be used by after-markettrailer hitch installers.

The technician can use the following color code chart when connecting the wiring harness to your trailer.

Brown: Rear lamps.

Yellow: Left stoplamp and turn signal.

Dark Green: Right stoplamp and turn signal.

White (Heavy Gage): Ground.

Light Green: Back-uplamps.

White (Light Gage): Center High-MountedStoplamp.

Blue: Auxiliary circuit (eight-wireharness only).

Orange: Fused auxiliary (eight-wireharness only).

Store the harness in its original place. Wrap the harness together and tie it neatly so it won’t

be damaged.

4-45

NOTES

4-46

Section 5 Service and Appearance Care

Service ............................................................

5-3

Doing Your Own Service Work .........................

5-3

Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your

 

Vehicle ......................................................

5-4

Fuel ................................................................

5-4

Gasoline Octane ............................................

5-4

Gasoline Specifications ....................................

5-5

California Fuel ...............................................

5-5

Additives .......................................................

5-6

Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................

5-6

Filling Your Tank ............................................

5-7

Filling a Portable Fuel Container .......................

5-9

Checking Things Under

 

the Hood ......................................................

5-9

Hood Release ..............................................

5-10

Engine Compartment Overview .......................

5-12

Engine Oil ...................................................

5-13

Engine Cover ...............................................

5-18

Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................

5-22

Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................

5-23

Engine Coolant .............................................

5-26

Radiator Pressure Cap ..................................

5-28

Engine Overheating .......................................

5-29

Cooling System ............................................

5-31

Engine Fan Noise .........................................

5-37

Power Steering Fluid .....................................

5-38

Windshield Washer Fluid ................................

5-39

Brakes ........................................................

5-40

Battery ........................................................

5-44

Jump Starting ...............................................

5-45

All-Wheel Drive ..............................................

5-50

Rear Axle .......................................................

5-51

Front Axle ......................................................

5-52

Bulb Replacement ..........................................

5-53

Halogen Bulbs ..............................................

5-53

Headlamps ..................................................

5-53

Front Turn Signal Lamps ...............................

5-57

Taillamps .....................................................

5-58

Replacement Bulbs .......................................

5-59

Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............

5-60

5-1

Section 5 Service and Appearance Care

Tires ..............................................................

5-61

Inflation - Tire Pressure .................................

5-71

Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................

5-72

When It Is Time for New Tires .......................

5-74

Buying New Tires .........................................

5-75

Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................

5-76

Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................

5-77

Wheel Replacement ......................................

5-77

Tire Chains ..................................................

5-78

If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................

5-79

Changing a Flat Tire .....................................

5-80

Compact Spare Tire ......................................

5-92

Appearance Care ............................................

5-93

Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................

5-93

Care of Safety Belts ......................................

5-96

Weatherstrips ...............................................

5-96

Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle ..............

5-96

Sheet Metal Damage .....................................

5-98

Finish Damage .............................................

5-98

Underbody Maintenance ................................

5-99

Chemical Paint Spotting .................................

5-99

Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................

5-99

Vehicle Identification .....................................

5-101

Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ................

5-101

Service Parts Identification Label ...................

5-101

Electrical System ..........................................

5-102

Add-On Electrical Equipment .........................

5-102

Headlamp Wiring ........................................

5-102

Windshield Wiper Fuses ...............................

5-102

Power Windows and Other Power Options ......

5-102

Fuses and Circuit Breakers ..........................

5-102

Capacities and Specifications ........................

5-109

Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts .........

5-111

Engine Drive Belt Routing ............................

5-112

5-2

Service

Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy with it. We hope you will go to your dealer

for all your service needs. You will get genuine GM parts and GM-trainedand supported service people.

We hope you will want to keep your GM vehicle all GM. Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:

Doing Your Own Service Work

If you want to do some of your own service work, you will want to use the proper service manual. It tells

you much more about how to service your vehicle than this manual can. To order the proper service manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information on

page 7-12.

Your vehicle may have an air bag system. If it does, see Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-70 before attempting to do your own service work.

5-3

You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list the mileage and the date of any service work you perform. See Part E: Maintenance Record on page 6-34.

{CAUTION:

You can be injured and your vehicle could be damaged if you try to do service work on a vehicle without knowing enough about it.

Be sure you have sufficient knowledge, experience, the proper replacement parts and tools before you attempt any vehicle maintenance task.

Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and other fasteners. “English” and “metric” fasteners can be easily confused. If you use the wrong fasteners, parts can later break or fall off. You could be hurt.

Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle

Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind

noise and affect windshield washer performance. Check with your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of your vehicle.

Fuel

Use of the recommended fuel is an important part of the proper maintenance of your vehicle.

Gasoline Octane

Use regular unleaded gasoline with a posted octane of 87 or higher. If the octane is less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when you drive. If this occurs, use a gasoline rated at 87 octane or higher as soon as possible. Otherwise, you might damage

your engine. A little pinging noise when you accelerate or drive uphill is considered normal. This does not indicate a problem exists or that a higher-octanefuel is necessary. If you are using 87 octane orhigher-octanefuel and hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.

5-4

Gasoline Specifications

It is recommended that gasoline meet specifications which were developed by automobile manufacturers around the world and contained in the World-WideFuel Charter which is available from the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers at www.autoalliance.org. Gasoline meeting these specifications could provide improved driveability and emission control system performance compared to other gasoline.

In Canada, look for the “Auto Makers’ Choice” label on the pump.

California Fuel

If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission Standards (see the underhood emission control label), it is designed to operate on fuels that meet California specifications. If this fuel is not available in states adopting California emissions standards, your vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting federal specifications, but emission control system performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on (see Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 3-30 ) and your vehicle may fail asmog-checktest. If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for diagnosis. If it is determined that the condition is caused by the type of fuel used, repairs may not be covered

by your warranty.

Canada Only

5-5

Additives

To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States are now required to contain additives that will help prevent engine and fuel system deposits from forming, allowing your emission control system to work

properly. You should not have to add anything to your fuel. However, some gasolines contain only the minimum amount of additive required to meet U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations. General Motors recommends that you buy gasolines that

are advertised to help keep fuel injectors and intake valves clean. If your vehicle experiences problems due to dirty injectors or valves, try a different brand of gasoline.

Gasolines containing oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to contribute to clean air. General Motors recommends that you use these gasolines, particularly if they comply with the specifications described earlier.

Notice: Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that contains methanol. Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can corrode metal parts in your fuel system and also damage the plastic and rubber parts. That damage would not be covered under your warranty.

Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low emissions may contain an octane-enhancingadditive called methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT); ask the attendant where you buy gasoline whether the fuel contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the use of such gasolines. Fuels containing MMT can reduce the life of spark plugs and the performance of the emission control system may

be affected. The malfunction indicator lamp may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized GM dealer for service.

Fuels in Foreign Countries

If you plan on driving in another country outside the United States or Canada, the proper fuel may be hard to find. Never use leaded gasoline or any other fuel not recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs caused by use of improper fuel would not

be covered by your warranty.

To check the fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a major oil company that does business in the country where you will be driving.

5-6

Filling Your Tank

{CAUTION:

Fuel vapor is highly flammable. It burns violently, and that can cause very bad injuries. Do not smoke if you are near fuel or refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking materials away from fuel.

The tethered fuel cap is behind a hinged door on the driver’s side of your vehicle.

While refueling, let the fuel cap hang by the tether below the fuel fill opening.

To remove the fuel cap, turn it slowly to the left (counterclockwise). The fuel cap has a spring in it; if you let go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.

5-7

{CAUTION:

If you get fuel on yourself and then something ignites it, you could be badly burned. Fuel can spray out on you if you open the fuel cap too quickly. This spray can happen if your tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot weather. Open the fuel cap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew the cap all the way.

Be careful not to spill fuel. Clean fuel from painted surfaces as soon as possible. See Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle on page 5-96.When filling the tank

do not overfill by squeezing in much more fuel after the pump shuts off.

When you put the fuel cap back on, turn it to the right (clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make

sure you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on

page 3-30.

Notice: If you need a new fuel cap, be sure to get the right type. Your dealer can get one for you.

If you get the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light and may damage your fuel tank and emissions system. See Malfunction Indicator Lamp on

page 3-30.

5-8

Filling a Portable Fuel Container

{CAUTION:

Never fill a portable fuel container while it is in your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the container can ignite the gasoline vapor.

You can be badly burned and your vehicle damaged if this occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:

Dispense gasoline only into approved containers.

Do not fill a container while it is inside a vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or on any surface other than the ground.

Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the inside of the fill opening before operating the nozzle. Contact should be maintained until the filling is complete.

Do not smoke while pumping gasoline.

Checking Things Under

the Hood

{CAUTION:

Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and start a fire. These include liquids like fuel, oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill things that will burn onto a hot engine.

5-9

Hood Release

To open the hood, do the following:

1.Pull the handle located inside the vehicle on the lower driver’s side of the kick panel.

2.Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the secondary hood release.

5-10

3.Lift the hood, release the hood prop from its retainer and put the hood prop into the slot in the hood.

4.Lift the hood to relieve pressure on the hood prop and remove the hood prop from the slot in the hood. Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps are on properly.

5.Return the prop to its retainer and pull the hood down. Then close it firmly.

5-11

Engine Compartment Overview

When you open the hood, this is what you will see:

5-12

A.Windshield Washer Fluid. See Windshield Washer Fluid on page 5-39.

B.Engine Coolant. See Engine Coolant on page5-26.

C.Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil on page 5-13.

D.Transmission Dipstick. See Automatic Transmission Fluid on page 5-23.

E.Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter on page 5-22.

F.Engine Oil Fill. See Engine Oil on page5-13.

G.Brake Master Cylinder Reservoir. See Brakes on page 5-40.

H.Power Steering Fluid Reservoir. See Power Steering Fluid on page 5-38.

I.Battery. See Battery on page5-44.

Engine Oil

Checking Engine Oil

It is a good idea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.

The engine oil dipstick handle is a yellow loop. See

Engine Compartment Overview on page5-12for the location of the engine oil dipstick.

Turn off the engine and give the oil several minutes to drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.

Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down, and check the level.

5-13

When to Add Engine Oil

If the oil is at or below the ADD line, then you will need to add at least one quart of oil. But you must use the right kind. This section explains what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities

and Specifications on page5-109 .

Notice: Do not add too much oil. If your engine has so much oil that the oil level gets above thecross-hatchedarea that shows the proper operating range, your engine could be damaged.

See Engine Compartment Overview on page5-12for the location of the

engine oil fill cap.

Be sure to add enough oil to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way back in when you are through.

What Kind of Engine Oil to Use

Look for two things:

GM6094M

Your vehicle’s engine requires oil meeting GM Standard GM6094M. You should look for and use only an oil that meets GM Standard GM6094M.

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SAE 5W-30

As shown in the viscosity chart, SAE 5W-30is best for your vehicle. However, if it is going to be 0°F(–18°C)or above and SAE5W-30is not available, you may use SAE10W-30.

These numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils such as SAE 20W-50.

Oils meeting these requirements should also have the starburst symbol on the container. This symbol indicates that the oil has been certified by the American Petroleum Institute (API).

You should look for this information on the oil container, and use only those oils that are identified as meeting GM Standard GM6094M and have the starburst symbol on the front of the oil container.

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Notice: Use only engine oil identified as meeting GM Standard GM6094M and showing the American Petroleum Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines starburst symbol. Failure to use the recommended oil can result in engine damage not covered by your warranty.

GM Goodwrench® oil meets all the requirements for your vehicle.

If you are in an area of extreme cold, where the temperature falls below −20°F ( −29°C), it is recommended that you use either an SAE 5W-30synthetic oil or an SAE0W-30oil. Both will provide easier cold starting and better protection for your engine at extremely low temperatures.

Engine Oil Additives

Do not add anything to your oil. The recommended oils with the starburst symbol that meet GM Standard GM6094M are all you will need for good performance and engine protection.

When to Change Engine Oil

If any one of these are true for you, use the short trip/city maintenance schedule:

Most trips are less than 5 miles (8 km). This is particularly important when outside temperatures are below freezing.

Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent driving in stop-and-gotraffic).

You frequently tow a trailer or use a carrier on top of your vehicle.

The vehicle is used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial application.

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Driving under these conditions causes engine oil to break down sooner. If any one of these is true for your vehicle, then you need to change your oil and filter every 3,000 miles (5 000 km) or 3 months – whichever occurs first.

If none of them is true, use the long trip/highway maintenance schedule. Change the oil and filter every 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months – whichever occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed engine under highway conditions will cause engine oil to

break down slower.

What to Do with Used Oil

Used engine oil contains certain elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.

Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you change your own oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it

in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or into streams or bodies of water. Instead, recycle it by

taking it to a place that collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil, ask

your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center for help.

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Engine Cover

Removing the Engine Cover

1. Move both front seats as far back as they will go.

2. Remove the instrument panel extension by removing the two nuts that secure it in place. The nuts are located at the bottom of the extension on the driver’s and passenger’s side corners.

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3.Remove the screws located near the top on each side of the extension. Grasp the extension from both sides and gently remove it.

4.Disconnect the electrical connectors and set the extension aside.

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5.Grasp the top of the heater duct and pull down gently to remove it.

6.Loosen the two bolts on the engine cover. The bolts are not supposed to come out of the cover, only from the front of the dash.

When removing the cover, be careful not to damage the instrument panel or the trim.

7.Disconnect the AM radio ground strap.

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8.Grasp the bottom of the cover and slide it rearward. Then, lift it up and out of the vehicle.

If the seal does not release, use the pull strap on the driver’s side above the rear mount.

Reinstalling the Engine Cover

1.Lift the engine cover into the front of the vehicle and slide it all the way forward. Make sure the rubber seal is over the latches.

2.Tighten the two bolts located on the engine cover to reinstall the cover to the front of the dash.

3.Put the heater duct over the engine cover studs. Push up on the duct gently until it snaps into place.

4.Reconnect the electrical connectors.

5.Reconnect the AM radio ground strap.

6.Reinstall the engine cover extension by gently squeezing the sides and sliding it into place. Make sure all of the fastener clips engage and the extension fits properly in place. Reinstall and tighten the two screws.

7.Reinstall the two nuts to secure the extension in place.

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Engine Air Cleaner/Filter

See Engine Compartment Overview on page5-12for the location of the engine air cleaner/filter.

When to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter

Inspect the engine air cleaner/filter every 15,000 miles (25 000 km) and replace every 30,000 miles (50

000 km). If you are driving in dusty/dirty conditions, inspect the filter at each engine oil change.

How to Inspect the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter

To inspect the engine air cleaner/filter remove the filter from the vehicle and lightly shake filter to release

loose dust and dirt. If the filter remains caked with dirt, a new filter is required.

To inspect or replace the filter, do the following:

1.Unsnap both clips on the cover.

2.Remove the cover.

3.Change the filter.

4.Snap both clips to secure the engine air cleaner/filter cover.

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{CAUTION:

Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter off can cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner not only cleans the air, it helps to stop flame if the engine backfires. If it is not there and the engine backfires, you could be burned. Do not drive with it off, and be careful working on the engine with the air cleaner/ filter off.

Notice: If the air cleaner/filter is off, a backfire can cause a damaging engine fire. And, dirt can

easily get into your engine, which will damage it. Always have the air cleaner/filter in place when you are driving.

Automatic Transmission Fluid

When to Check and Change

A good time to check your automatic transmission fluid level is when the engine oil is changed.

Change both the fluid and filter every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or more of these conditions:

In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90°F (32°C) or higher.

In hilly or mountainous terrain.

When doing frequent trailer towing.

Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.

If you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, change the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles (83 000 km).

See Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services on page6-4.

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How to Check

Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may choose to have this done at the dealership service department.

If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.

Notice: Too much or too little fluid can damage your transmission. Too much can mean that some of the fluid could come out and fall on hot engine part or exhaust system parts, starting a fire.

Too little fluid could cause the transmission to overheat. Be sure to get an accurate reading if you check your transmission fluid.

Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transmission fluid level if you have been driving:

When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).

At high speed for quite a while.

In heavy traffic – especially in hot weather.

While pulling a trailer.

To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal operating temperature, which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C to 93°C).

Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles (24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F (10°C). If it’s colder than 50°F (10°C), drive the vehicle in DRIVE (D) until the engine temperature gage moves and then remains steady for 10 minutes.

A cold fluid check can be made after the vehicle has been sitting for eight hours or more with the engine off, but this is used only as a reference. Let the engine run at idle for five minutes if outside temperatures are 50°F (10°C) or more. If it’s colder than 50°F (10°C), you may have to idle the engine longer. Should the fluid

level be low during this cold check, you must check the fluid hot before adding fluid. Checking the fluid hot

will give you a more accurate reading of the fluid level.

Checking the Fluid Level

Prepare your vehicle as follows:

Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the engine running.

With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever in PARK (P).

With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift lever through each gear range, pausing for about three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift lever in PARK (P).

Let the engine run at idle for three minutes or more.

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Then, without shutting off the engine, follow these steps:

The transmission dipstick is located near the center of the engine compartment and will be labeled with this graphic shown.

See Engine Compartment Overview on page5-12for more information on location.

Flip the handle up and then pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or paper towel.

Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and then pull it back out again.

Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the lower level. The fluid level must be in the COLD area for a cold check or in the HOT area or cross-hatchedarea for a hot check. Be sure to keep the dipstick pointed down to get an accurate reading.

If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.

How to Add Fluid

Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what kind of transmission fluid to use. See Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants on page 6-32.

Using a funnel, add fluid down the transmission dipstick tube only after checking the transmission fluid while it is hot. (A cold check is used only as a reference.) If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the proper fluid

to bring the level up to the HOT area for a hot check. It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than one pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill .

Notice: We recommend you use only fluid labeled DEXRON® -III,because fluid with that label is made especially for your automatic transmission.

Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON ® -IIIis not covered by your new vehicle warranty.

After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as described under ″ How to Check.″

When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the dipstick back in all the way; then flip the handle down to lock the dipstick in place.

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Engine Coolant

The cooling system in your vehicle is filled with DEX-COOL® engine coolant. This coolant is designed to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles (240 000 km), whichever occurs first, if you add

only DEX-COOL® extended life coolant.

The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem

with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating on page 5-29.

A 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant will:

Give freezing protection down to −34°F ( −37°C).

Give boiling protection up to 265°F (129°C).

Protect against rust and corrosion.

Help keep the proper engine temperature.

Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.

Notice: Using coolant other thanDEX-COOL® may cause premature engine, heater core or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles

(50 000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first.

Any repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always use DEX-COOL® (silicate-free)coolant in your vehicle.

What to Use

Use a mixture of one-halfclean, drinkable water andone-halfDEX-COOL® coolant which won’t damage aluminum parts. If you use this coolant mixture,

you don’t need to add anything else.

{CAUTION:

Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot but you would not get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and the proper coolant.

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Notice: If you use an improper coolant mixture, your engine could overheat and be badly damaged. The repair cost would not be covered by your warranty. Too much water in the mixture can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.

If you have to add coolant more than four times a year, have your dealer check your cooling system.

Notice: If you use the proper coolant, you do not have to add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to improve the system. These can be harmful.

Checking Coolant

The engine coolant tank is located in the engine compartment on the passenger’s side at the front. See Engine Compartment Overview on page 5-12 for more information on location.

The vehicle must be on a level surface. When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at ADD, or a little higher. When your engine is warm, the level should be up to FULL HOT, or a little higher.

Adding Coolant

If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL® coolant mixtureat the coolant recovery tank.

{CAUTION:

Turning the radiator pressure cap when the engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly. With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost never have to add coolant at the radiator. Never turn the radiator pressure

cap — even a little — when the engine and radiator are hot.

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Add coolant mixture at the recovery tank, but be careful not to spill it.

{CAUTION:

You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol, and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.

Occasionally check the coolant level in the radiator. For information on how to add coolant to the radiator, see Cooling System on page 5-31.

Radiator Pressure Cap

The radiator pressure cap is located in the engine compartment on the passenger’s side of the vehicle.

Notice: If the pressure cap is not tightly installed, coolant loss and possible engine damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly secured.

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Engine Overheating

You will find an engine coolant temperature gage on your vehicle’s instrument panel. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gage on page 3-30.

If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine

{CAUTION:

Steam from an overheated engine can burn you badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away from the engine if you see or hear steam coming from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until there is no sign of steam or coolant before you open the hood.

If you keep driving when your engine is overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or others could be badly burned. Stop your engine if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the engine is cool.

Notice: If your engine catches fire because you keep driving with no coolant, your vehicle can

be badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be covered by your warranty.

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If No Steam Is Coming From Your

Engine

If you get an engine overheat warning but see or hear no steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when you:

Climb a long hill on a hot day.

Stop after high-speeddriving.

Idle for long periods in traffic.

Tow a trailer. See ″ Driving on Grades” in Towing a Trailer on page 4-35.

If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, try this for a minute or so:

1.In heavy traffic, let the engine idle in NEUTRAL (N) while stopped. If it is safe to do so, pull off the road, shift to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and let the engine idle.

2.Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan speed and open the window as necessary.

If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about 10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive normally.

If the warning continues and you have not stopped, pull over, stop, and park your vehicle right away.

If there’s still no sign of steam, you can push down the accelerator until the engine speed is about twice as

fast as normal idle speed for at least three minutes while you’re parked. If you still have the warning,turn off the engine and get everyone out of the vehicle until it

cools down.

You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service help right away.

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Cooling System

When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see:

A.Coolant Recovery Tank

B.Radiator Pressure Cap

C.Engine Cooling Fan

If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t do anything else until it cools down. The vehicle should be parked on a level surface.

The coolant level should be at the ADD mark.

If it isn’t, you may have a leak at the pressure cap or in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water

pump or somewhere else in the cooling system.

{CAUTION:

Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine parts, can be very hot. Do not touch them. If you do, you can be burned.

Do not run the engine if there is a leak. If you run the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could cause an engine fire, and you could be burned. Get any leak fixed before you drive the vehicle.

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If there seems to be no leak, start the engine again. The engine cooling fan speed should increase when idle speed is doubled by pushing the accelerator pedal down. If it doesn’t, your vehicle needs service. Turn off the engine.

Notice: Engine damage from running your engine without coolant is not covered by your warranty.

Notice: Using coolant other thanDEX-COOL® may cause premature engine, heater core or radiator corrosion. In addition, the engine coolant may require changing sooner, at 30,000 miles (50 000 km) or 24 months, whichever occurs first. Any repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always useDEX-COOL® (silicate-free)coolant in your vehicle.

How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank

If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at the ADD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean drinkable water, andDEX-COOL® engine coolant at the coolant recovery tank. SeeEngine Coolant on

page 5-26 for more information.

{CAUTION:

Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquid such as alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning system is set for the proper coolant mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture, your engine could get too hot but you would not get the overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL® coolant.

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Notice: In cold weather, water can freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core and other parts. Use the recommended coolant and the proper coolant mixture.

{CAUTION:

You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough. Do not spill coolant on a hot engine.

When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the ADD mark, start your vehicle.

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If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling system is cool before you do it.

{CAUTION:

Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling system can blow out and burn you badly. They are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator pressure cap — even a little — they can come

out at high speed. Never turn the cap when the cooling system, including the radiator pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and radiator pressure cap to cool if you ever have to turn the pressure cap.

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