GMC Aveo 2007 User Manual

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2007 Chevrolet Aveo Owner Manual M

Seats and Restraint Systems .......................

7

Front Seats ..............................................

8

Rear Seats .............................................

13

Safety Belts ............................................

19

Child Restraints ......................................

39

Airbag System ........................................

68

Restraint System Check .........................

84

Features and Controls ................................

87

Keys .......................................................

88

Doors and Locks ....................................

94

Windows ...............................................

101

Theft-Deterrent Systems .......................

103

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle

..... 107

Mirrors ..................................................

124

Storage Areas ......................................

126

Sunroof ................................................

128

Instrument Panel .......................................

129

Instrument Panel Overview ...................

132

Climate Controls ...................................

150

Warning Lights, Gages,

 

and Indicators ...................................

157

Secondary Information Center (SIC) ......

175

Audio System(s) ...................................

186

Driving Your Vehicle .................................

219

Your Driving, the Road,

 

and Your Vehicle ..............................

220

Towing .................................................

257

Service and Appearance Care ..................

261

Service .................................................

264

Fuel ......................................................

266

Checking Things Under the Hood .........

273

1

Headlamp Aiming .................................

309

Maintenance Schedule ..............................

371

Bulb Replacement ................................

309

Maintenance Schedule ..........................

372

Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement

.... 318

Customer Assistance Information

401

Tires .....................................................

319

Appearance Care ..................................

345

Customer Assistance and

402

Vehicle IdentiÞcation

354

Information ........................................

Reporting Safety Defects

419

Electrical System

355

 

 

Capacities and SpeciÞcations ................

368

Index ..........................................................

423

Normal Maintenance

 

 

 

Replacement Parts ............................

369

 

 

2

GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, CHEVROLET, the CHEVROLET Emblem, and the name AVEO are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.

This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after that time without further notice. For vehicles Þrst sold in Canada, substitute the name ÒGeneral Motors of Canada LimitedÓ for Chevrolet Motor Division whenever it appears in this manual.

This manual describes features that may be available in this model, but your vehicle may not be equipped with all of them. For example, more than one entertainment system may be offered or your vehicle may have been ordered without a front passenger or rear seats.

Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there if it is needed while you are on the road. If the vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.

Canadian Owners

A French language copy of this manual can be obtained from your dealer or from:

Helm, Incorporated

P.O. Box 07130

Detroit, MI 48207

Litho in U.S.A.

© 2006 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Part No. 15876628 A First Printing

3

How to Use This Manual

Many people read the owner manual from beginning to end when they Þrst receive their new vehicle. If this is done, it can help you learn about the features and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work together in the owner manual to explain things.

Index

A good place to quickly locate information about the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual and the page number where it can be found.

Safety Warnings and Symbols

There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.

{CAUTION:

These mean there is something that could hurt you or other people.

In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions.

If you do not, you or others could be hurt.

You will also Þnd a circle with a slash through it in this book. This safety symbol means ÒDo Not,Ó

ÒDo Not do thisÓ or ÒDo Not let this happen.Ó

4

Vehicle Damage Warnings

Also, in this manual you will Þnd these notices:

Notice: These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle.

A notice tells about something that can damage the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your vehicleÕs warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.

When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different words.

There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.

Vehicle Symbols

The vehicle has components and labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with the text describing the operation or information relating to a speciÞc component, control, message, gage, or indicator.

If you need help Þguring out a speciÞc name of a component, gage, or indicator, reference the following topics:

¥Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1

¥Features and Controls in Section 2

¥Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3

¥Climate Controls in Section 3

¥Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3

¥Audio System(s) in Section 3

¥Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5

5

These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:

6

Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

Front Seats .....................................................

8

Manual Seats ................................................

8

Driver Seat Height Adjuster ...........................

9

Manual Lumbar (Sedan) ................................

9

Reclining Seatbacks ....................................

10

Head Restraints ..........................................

12

Rear Seats ....................................................

13

Rear Seat Operation (Sedan) ......................

13

Rear Seat Operation (Hatchback) ................

15

Safety Belts ..................................................

19

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ...........

19

Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ....

23

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .............

24

Driver Position .............................................

25

Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment .................

32

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..............

33

Right Front Passenger Position ...................

33

Rear Seat Passengers ................................

34

Center Rear Passenger Position ..................

37

Safety Belt Pretensioners ............................

38

Safety Belt Extender ...................................

38

Child Restraints ............................................

39

Older Children .............................................

39

Infants and Young Children .........................

42

Child Restraint Systems ..............................

45

Where to Put the Restraint ..........................

50

Lower Anchors and Tethers for

 

Children (LATCH) ....................................

52

Securing a Child Restraint in a

 

Rear Seat Position ...................................

59

Securing a Child Restraint in the

 

Right Front Seat Position .........................

62

Airbag System ..............................................

68

Where Are the Airbags? ..............................

71

When Should an Airbag Inßate? ..................

73

What Makes an Airbag Inßate? ...................

75

How Does an Airbag Restrain? ...................

75

What Will You See After an

 

Airbag Inßates? ........................................

76

Passenger Sensing System .........................

77

Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ......

82

Adding Equipment to Your

 

Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ..........................

83

Restraint System Check ...............................

84

Checking the Restraint Systems ..................

84

Replacing Restraint System Parts

 

After a Crash ...........................................

84

7

Front Seats

Manual Seats

{CAUTION:

You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is moving. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicle is not moving.

Pull up and hold the bar located under the front of the seat to unlock it.

Slide the seat to where you want it and release the bar. Then try to move the seat with your body, to make sure the seat is locked into place.

8

Driver Seat Height Adjuster

To adjust the height of the driverÕs seat cushion, turn the knob

located on the outboard side of the seat cushion.

Turn the knob forward to raise the height of the seat cushion and rearward to lower it.

Manual Lumbar (Sedan)

Your vehicle may have manually operated lumbar support for the driverÕs seat.

To adjust the front seat lumbar support, use the lever located on the outboard side of the seatback.

Push the lever down to adjust the support for

the lower part of the seatback. Pull the lever up to return the support to its original position.

9

Reclining Seatbacks

{CAUTION:

You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is moving. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicle is not moving.

{CAUTION:

If the seatback is not locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always push and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked.

Your seats have manual reclining seatbacks. The lever used to operate them is located on the outboard side of the seats.

To recline the seatback, do the following:

1.Lift the recline lever.

2.Move the seatback to the desired position, then release the lever to lock the seatback in place.

3.Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it is locked.

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To return the seatback to an upright position, do the following:

1.Lift the lever fully without applying pressure to the seatback and the seatback will return to the upright position.

2.Push and pull on the seatback to make sure it is locked.

{CAUTION:

Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts cannot do their job when you are reclined like this.

The shoulder belt cannot do its job because it will not be against your body. Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash, you could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.

The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a crash, the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.

For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.

Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.

11

Head Restraints

Adjust the head restraint so that the top of the restraint is at the same height as the top of the occupantÕs head. This position reduces the chances of a neck injury in a crash.

Pull the head restraint up to raise it. To lower it, press the button, located on the top of the seatback, and push the head restraint down.

The front seat head restraints also tilt forward. To tilt the head restraint, Þrst put it in the upright position by tilting it forward fully and releasing it.

Then slowly move the head restraint forward until it is in the desired position.

12

The front head restraints can also be removed. To remove the restraint, press the button located on the top of the seatback, and lift the head restraint from the guide sleeve. Replace the head restraint before driving.

The rear seats have head restraints that are adjustable up and down, but they do not tilt.

Rear Seats

Rear Seat Operation (Sedan)

Folding the Seatback

The rear seatbacks can be folded down to increase cargo space.

To fold down the seatback, do the following:

Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts still fastened may cause damage to the seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle the safety belts and return them to their normal stowed position before folding a rear seat.

1.Remove the safety belt strap from the safety belt guide by pulling it through the slot.

2.Push the head restraints all the way down.

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3.Pull up the release knob located on top of the rear seatback.

4.Fold the rear seatback forward and down.

To return the seatback to the upright position, do the following:

1.Hook the safety belts into the safety belt guide.

2.Lift the seatback up and push it to its original position.

{CAUTION:

If the seatback is not locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always push and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked.

3.Push down and rearward Þrmly on the top of the seatback until it latches securely in the fully upright position.

14

{CAUTION:

A safety belt that is improperly routed, not properly attached, or twisted will not provide the protection needed in a crash. The person wearing the belt could be seriously injured. After raising the rear seatback, always check to be sure that the safety belts are properly routed and attached, and are not twisted.

4.Insert the safety belt strap back into the safety belt guide.

Rear Seat Operation (Hatchback)

Folding the Rear Seats

The rear seats can be folded to increase cargo space.

To fold the rear seats, do the following:

1.Lower the head restraints completely.

2.Detach the center safety belt from the mini buckle by pressing the black release button on the buckle.

3.Pull up the release knob, located on the top of the seatback, and fold the seatback forward and down.

15

Notice: Folding a rear seat with the safety belts still fastened may cause damage to the seat or the safety belts. Always unbuckle

the safety belts and return them to their normal stowed position before folding a rear seat.

4.Move the safety belt buckles and safety belt in the center seating position out of the space between the seatback and the seat cushion so they are not in the way as the seat is being folded.

5.Pull the release handles on the rear side of the seat cushion to unlock the seat cushion.

6. Lift the seat cushion up and ßip it forward.

7.Clip the hook to the front seat head restraint to keep the rear seat secure.

8.When the rear seat is folded, store the safety belt buckles and center safety belt in the storage area under the ßoor mat.

16

Unfolding the Seats

To return the rear seats to the normal seating position, do the following:

1.Unclip the hook from the front seat head restraint.

2.Remove the safety belt buckles and center seat safety belt from the storage area.

Notice: Damage to the safety belt buckle or rear seat locking mechanism can occur if the safety belt and buckles are pinched under the rear seat cushion. Do not place the safety belt and buckles on the floor under the rear seat cushion when the rear seat is put back to the sitting position.

3.Push the seat cushion down to its original position until it latches securely. Try to pull up on the seat to make sure it is locked in place.

4.Hook the safety belts in the outboard seating positions into the retaining clips.

17

{CAUTION:

A safety belt that is improperly routed, not properly attached, or twisted will not provide the protection needed in a crash. The person wearing the belt could be seriously injured. After raising the rear seatback, always check to be sure that the safety belts are properly routed and attached, and are not twisted.

5.Lift the seatback up and push it back to its original latched position.

6.Unhook the safety belts in the outboard seating positions from the retaining clips.

7.Return the safety belt buckles and the center seat safety belt to their original position between the rear seatback and the seat cushion. Make sure the straps of the safety belt and buckles are not twisted.

8.Reattach the center seat safety belt to the mini buckle. See Center Rear Passenger Position on page 37.

{CAUTION:

If the seatback is not locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always push and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked.

9.Push down and rearward Þrmly on the top of the seatback until it latches securely in the fully upright position.

18

Safety Belts

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone

This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.

{CAUTION:

Do not let anyone ride where he or she cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and you are not wearing a safety belt, your injuries can be much worse. You can hit things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash, you might not be, if you are buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.

{CAUTION:

It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a safety belt properly.

Your vehicle has a light that comes on as a reminder to buckle up. See Safety Belt Reminder Light

on page 176.

19

In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here is why:

They work.

You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you do not know if it will be a bad one.

A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so serious that even buckled up, a person would not survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.

After more than 40 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter... a lot!

Why Safety Belts Work

When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.

Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a seat on wheels.

20

Put someone on it.

Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle.

 

The rider does not stop.

21

The person keeps going until stopped by something. In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...

or the instrument panel...

22

or the safety belts!

With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. That is why safety belts

make such good sense.

Questions and Answers About

Safety Belts

Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I am wearing a safety belt?

A: Youcould be Ñ whether you are wearing a safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you are upside down. And your chance of being conscious during and after an accident, so youcan unbuckle

and get out, is much greater if you are belted.

Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to wear safety belts?

A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of them in the future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they workwith safety belts Ñ not instead of them. Every airbag system ever offered for sale has

required the use of safety belts. Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. That is true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and other collisions.

23

Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from home, why should I wear safety belts?

A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in an accident Ñ even one that is not your fault Ñ you and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver does not protect you from things beyond your control, such as bad drivers.

Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph (65 km/h).

Safety belts are for everyone.

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly

This part is only for people of adult size.

Be aware that there are special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies.

If a child will be riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 39 orInfants and Young Children on page 42. Follow those rules for everyoneÕs protection.

First, you will want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.

We will start with the driver position.

24

Driver Position

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The driver has a lap-shoulderbelt. Here is how to wear it properly.

1.Close and lock the door.

2.Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see how, see ÒSeatsÓ in the Index.

3.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

The lap-shoulderbelt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it.

Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

4.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If the belt is not long enough,

see Safety Belt Extender on page 38.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the height that is right for you. Improper shoulder belt height adjustment could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt in a crash. See Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment

on page 32.

25

6.To make the lap part tight, pull up on the shoulder belt.

It may be necessary to pull stitching on the safety belt through the latch plate to fully tighten the lap belt on smaller occupants.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash.

26

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly as much protection this way.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

27

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The lap belt is too loose. It will not give nearly as much protection this way.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your lap belt is too loose. In a crash, you could slide under the lap belt and apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The lap belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs.

28

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.

29

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure internal organs like your liver or spleen.

30

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The belt is twisted across the body.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you would not have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.

31

To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.

Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the belt and your vehicle.

Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment

Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the height that is right for you.

Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder. Incorrect positioning of the shoulder belt can reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt.

To move it down, press the release button (A) and move the height adjuster to the desired position.

After you move the height adjuster to where you want it, try to move it down without pressing the release button to make sure it has locked into position.

32

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy

Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they do not wear

safety belts.

A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.

The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.

Right Front Passenger Position

To learn how to wear the right front passengerÕs safety belt properly, see Driver Position on page 25.

The right front passengerÕs safety belt works the same way as the driverÕs safety belt Ñ except for one thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If this happens,

let the belt go back all the way and start again.

33

Rear Seat Passengers

It is very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.

Rear passengers who are not safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.

Rear Seat Outside Positions

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulderbelts. Here is how to wear alap-shoulderbelt properly.

1.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

34

2.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Be sure you are using the correct buckle and that the latch plate clicks when inserted into the buckle.

If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch plate and keep pulling until

you can buckle it.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

3.To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

35

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a crash, or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

36

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.

Center Rear Passenger Position

Your vehicle has a retractable safety belt in the center rear seating position.

Here is how to use the center rear safety belt.

1.Pull the center rear safety belt from the retractor.

2.Push the latch plate at the end of the safety belt strap into the buckle with the black release button until the mechanism clicks. Make sure the strap is not twisted. The sliding latch plate will face the front of the vehicle.

3.Pick up the sliding latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you more slowly.

4. Push the latch plate into the red buckle.

If the belt stops before it reaches the buckle, tilt the latch plate and keep pulling until

you can buckle it.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.To make the lap part tight, pull down the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

37

Safety Belt Pretensioners

Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the driver and right front passenger. Although you cannot see them, they are located on the retractor part of the safety belts. They help the safety

belts reduce a personÕs forward movement in a moderate to severe frontal or near frontal crash.

Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash, you will need to get new ones,

and probably other new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 84.

Safety Belt Extender

If the vehicleÕs safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it.

But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer will order you an extender. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the extender will be long enough for you. To help avoid personal injury, do not let someone else use it, and use it only for the seat it is made to Þt. The extender has been designed for adults. Never use it for securing child seats. To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt. For more information see the instruction sheet that comes with the extender.

38

Child Restraints

Q: What is the proper way to wear safety

 

belts?

Older Children

A: If possible, an older child should wear a

 

lap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint

 

a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt

 

should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt

 

should Þt snugly below the hips, just touching

 

the top of the thighs. It should never be worn

 

over the abdomen, which could cause severe

 

or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.

 

Accident statistics show that children are safer if

 

they are restrained in the rear seat.

 

In a crash, children who are not buckled up can

 

strike other people who are buckled up, or can be

 

thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need

 

to use safety belts properly.

Older children who have outgrown booster seats

 

should wear the vehicleÕs safety belts.

 

39

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here two children are wearing the same belt. The belt can not properly spread the impact forces. In a crash, the two children can be crushed together and seriously injured. A belt must be used by only one person at a time.

Q: What if a child is wearing alap-shoulderbelt, but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child’s face or neck?

A: If the child is sitting in a seat next to a window, move the child toward the center of the vehicle. If the child is sitting in the center rear seat passenger position, move the child toward the safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the childÕs shoulder, so that in a crash the childÕs upper body would have the restraint that belts provide.

40

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a lap-shoulderbelt, but the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in a crash the child might slide under the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or fatal injuries.

Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the childÕs thighs. This applies belt force to the childÕs pelvic bones in a crash.

41

Infants and Young Children

Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes infants and all other children. Neither the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use

safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle.

{CAUTION:

Children can be seriously injured or strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped around their neck and the safety belt continues to tighten. Never leave children unattended in a vehicle and never allow children to play with the safety belts.

Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles, they should have the protection provided by appropriate restraints. Young children should not use the vehicleÕs adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need to use a child restraint.

{CAUTION:

People should never hold a baby in their arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby does not weigh much — until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it.

For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby should be secured in an appropriate restraint.

42

{CAUTION:

Children who are up against, or very close to, any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer protection for adults and older children, but not for

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide.

43

Q: What are the different types ofadd-onchild restraints?

A: Add-onchild restraints, which are purchased by the vehicleÕs owner, are available in four basic types. Selection of a particular restraint should take into consideration not only the childÕs weight, height, and age but also whether or not the restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will be used.

For most basic types of child restraints, there are many different models available. When purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

The restraint manufacturerÕs instructions that come with the restraint state the weight

and height limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition, there are many kinds of restraints available for children with special needs.

{CAUTION:

Newborn infants need complete support, including support for the head and neck. This is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facingseat settles into the restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants always should be secured in appropriate infant restraints.

44

{CAUTION:

The body structure of a young child is quite unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply force on a body area that is unprotected by any bony structure. This

alone could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young children always should be secured in appropriate child restraints.

Child Restraint Systems

An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for

use in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to restrain or position a child on a continuous ßat surface. Make sure that the infantÕs head rests toward the center of the vehicle.

45

A rear-facinginfant seat (B) provides restraint with the seating surface against the back of the infant. The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.

A forward-facingchild seat(C-E)provides restraint for the childÕs body with the harness and also sometimes with surfaces such asT-shaped

or shelf-likeshields.

46

A booster seat (F-G)is a child restraint designed to improve the Þt of the vehicleÕs safety belt system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and somehigh-backbooster seats have aÞve-pointharness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.

Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?

A: A child restraint system is any device designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children. Abuilt-inchild restraint system is a permanent part of the motor vehicle. Anadd-onchild restraint system is a portable one, which is purchased by the vehicleÕs owner. To help reduce injuries, anadd-onchild restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Withbuilt-inoradd-onchild restraints, the child has to be secured within the child restraint.

When choosing an add-onchild restraint, be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards. Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may Þnd these instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both.

47

Securing an Add-onChild Restraint in

the Vehicle

{CAUTION:

A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash if the child restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure the child restraint is properly installed in the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt or LATCH system, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

To help reduce the chance of injury, the child restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulderbelt, or by the LATCH system. SeeLower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 52 for more information. A child can be endangered in a crash if the child restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle.

When securing an add-onchild restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the restraint

which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle Ñ even when no child is in it.

48

Securing the Child Within the Child

Restraint

There are several systems for securing the child within the child restraint. One system, the three-pointharness, has straps that come down over each of the infantÕs shoulders and buckle together at the crotch. TheÞve-pointharness

system has two shoulder straps, two hip straps, and a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip straps. A T-shapedshield has shoulder straps that are attached to a ßat pad which rests low against the childÕs body. A shelforarmrest-typeshield has straps that are attached to a wide,shelf-likeshield that swings up or to the side.

{CAUTION:

A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash if the child is not properly secured in the child restraint. Make sure the child is properly secured, following the instructions that came with that restraint.

Because there are different systems, it is important to refer to the instructions that come with the restraint. A child can be endangered in a crash if the child is not properly secured in the child restraint.

49

Where to Put the Restraint

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. We, therefore, recommend that child restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.

Your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint. A label on your sun visor says, ÒNever put arear-facingchild seat

in the front.Ó This is because the risk to the rear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint,

no system is fail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag or airbags are off.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

50

There are a couple of things you need to know about using child restraints in your rear seat:

If you use a child restraint in the center rear seating position, the safety belts and the child restraint LATCH anchors for the rear outside seating positions will not be accessible.

Therefore, you will not be able to secure child restraints or have passengers ride in the

rear outside seating positions.

If you use two child restraints in the rear outside seating positions, the safety belt for the center rear seat position will not be accessible.

Therefore, you will not be able to secure a child restraint or have a passenger ride in the center rear seating position.

Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child restraint in your vehicle Ñ even when no child is in it.

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Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)

The LATCH system holds a child restraint during driving or in a crash. This system is designed to make installation of a child restraint easier. The LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and attachments on the child restraint that are made for use with the LATCH system

Make sure that a LATCH-compatiblechild restraint is properly installed using the anchors, or use the vehicleÕs safety belts to secure the restraint, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual. When installing a child restraint with a top tether, you must also use either the lower anchors or the safety belts to properly secure the child restraint. A child restraint must never be installed using only the top tether and anchor.

In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you need a child restraint that has LATCH attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will provide you with instructions on how to use the child restraint and its attachments. The following explains how to attach a child restraint with these attachments in your vehicle.

Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints have lower anchors and attachments or top tether anchors and attachments.

Lower Anchors

Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each LATCH seating position that will accommodate a child restraint with lower attachments (B).

52

Top Tether Anchor

A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B)

on the child restraint connects to the top tether anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward movement and rotation of the child restraint during driving or in a crash.

Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single attachment (B) to secure the top tether to the anchor.

Some child restraints that have a top tether are designed for use with or without the top tether being attached. Others require the top tether always to be attached. In Canada, the law requires that forward-facingchild restraints have a top tether, and that the tether be attached. In the United States, some child restraints also have a top tether. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for your child restraint.

If the child restraint does not have a top tether, one can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints. Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit is available.

53

Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor

Locations

i (Top Tether Anchor): Seating positions with top tether anchors.

j (Lower Anchor): Seating positions with two lower anchors.

Each seating position with lower anchors has two labels, near the crease between the seatback and the seat cushion, showing where the anchors are located.

Hatchback models may have zippers over the lower anchor areas. If so, unzip the seat cover below the labels to access each lower anchor.

To assist you in locating the top tether anchors, the top tether anchor symbol is located on the trim cover.

Sedan

For sedan models, the top tether anchors are located under the trim covers behind the rear seat on the Þller panel. Pull open the cover to access the top tether anchors.

54

Be sure to use an anchor located on the same side of the vehicle as the seating position where the child restraint will be placed.

Hatchback

For hatchback models, the top tether anchors (B) are located in the rear cargo area, attached

to the back wall (A) of the vehicle. Squeeze and pull the front part of the plastic cover to access the top tether anchors. Remove the cargo shade before installing the top tether.

The cargo shade should remain off while the top tether is in use. Be sure to use an anchor located on the same side of the vehicle as the seating position where the child restraint will be placed.

Do not secure a child restraint in the right front passengerÕs position if a national or local law requires that the top tether be attached, or if the instructions that come with the child restraint

say that the top tether must be attached. There is no place to attach the top tether in this position.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 50 for additional information.

55

Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System

{CAUTION:

If a LATCH-typechild restraint is not attached to anchors, the restraint will not be able to protect the child correctly. In a crash, the child could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure that aLATCH-typechild restraint is properly installed using the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

{CAUTION:

Each top tether anchor and lower anchor in the vehicle is designed to hold only one child restraint. Attaching more than one child restraint to a single anchor could cause the anchor or attachment to come loose or even break during a crash.

A child or others could be injured if this happens. To help prevent injury to people and damage to your vehicle, attach only one child restraint per anchor.

56

{CAUTION:

Children can be seriously injured or strangled if a shoulder belt is wrapped around their neck and the safety belt continues to tighten. Secure any unused safety belts behind the child restraint so children cannot reach them. Pull the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock, if your vehicle has one, after the child restraint has been installed. Be sure to follow the instructions of the child restraint manufacturer.

Notice: Contact between the child restraint or the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s safety belt assembly may cause damage to these parts. Make sure when securing unused safety belts behind the child restraint that there is no contact between the child restraint or the LATCH attachment parts and the vehicle’s safety belt assembly.

Folding an empty rear seat with the safety belts secured may cause damage to the safety belt or the seat. When removing the child restraint, always remember to return the safety belts to their normal, stowed position before folding the rear seat.

1.Attach and tighten the lower attachments to the lower anchors. If the child restraint does not have lower attachments or the desired seating position does not have lower anchors, secure the child restraint with the top tether and the safety belts. Refer to your child restraint manufacturer instructions and

the instructions in this manual.

1.1.Find the lower anchors for the desired seating position.

1.2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

1.3.Attach and tighten the lower attachments on the child restraint to the lower anchors.

57

2.If the child restraint manufacturer recommends that the top tether be attached, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor, if equipped. Refer to the child restraint instructions and the following steps:

2.1.Find the top tether anchor.

2.2.Flip the cover to access the top tether anchors.

2.3.For hatchback models, remove the cargo shade before installing the top tether. The cargo shade should remain off while the top tether is in use.

2.4.Raise the head restraint if the desired seating position has an adjustable head restraint. See Head Restraints on

page 12.

2.5.Route and tighten the top tether according to your child restraint instructions and the following instructions:

If the position you are using does not have a head restraint and you are using a single tether, route the tether over the seatback.

If the position you are using does not have a head restraint and you are using a dual tether, route the tether over the seatback.

58

If the position you are using has a head restraint and you are using a dual tether, route the tether under the head restraint and in between the head restraint posts.

If the position you are using has an adjustable head restraint and you are using a single tether, route the tether under the head restraint and in between the head restraint posts.

3.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

Securing a Child Restraint in a

Rear Seat Position

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 52.

If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system, you will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

If you need to install more than one child restraint in the rear seat, be sure to read Where to Put the Restraint on page 50. There is not room

for three child restraints in the rear seat, but you can install two child restraints, one in each

rear outside seating position.

1.Put the child restraint on the seat.

2.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

59

3.Buckle the belt. Be sure the latch plate clicks when you put it into the buckle. This means you are using the correct buckle. Also, make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

4.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

60

5.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.If your child restraint manufacturer recommends using a top tether, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions that came with the child restraint and to Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 52.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it. Unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

61

Securing a Child Restraint in the

Right Front Seat Position

Your vehicle has a right front passengerÕs airbag. A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facingchild restraint. SeeWhere to Put the Restraint on page 50.

In addition, your vehicle has a passenger sensing system. The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped) when an infant in a rear-facinginfant seat or a small child in aforward-facingchild restraint or booster seat is detected. SeePassenger Sensing System on

page 77 and Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 162for more information on this including important safety information.

A label on your sun visor says, ÒNever put a rear-facingchild seat in the front.Ó This is because the risk to therear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

CAUTION: (Continued)

62

CAUTION: (Continued)

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped), if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag or airbags will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. General Motors recommends thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag or airbags are off.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position, move the seat as far back as it will go before securing

the forward-facingchild restraint. SeeManual Seats on page 8.

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 52.

There is no top tether anchor in the right front passengerÕs position. Do not secure a child seat in this position if a national or local law requires that the top tether be anchored, or if the instructions that come with the child restraint say that the top tether must be anchored. See Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 52 if your child restraint has a top tether.

63

You will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Your vehicle has airbags. See Passenger Sensing System on page 77. General Motors recommends thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in a rear seat, even if the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side airbag

(if equipped) is off. If your child restraint is forward-facing,move the seat as far back as it will go before securing the child restraint in this seat. SeeManual Seats on page 8.

When the passenger sensing system has turned off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped), the off symbol in the passenger airbag status indicator should light and stay lit when you turn the ignition to ON or START. See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 162.

2. Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt if needed.

64

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

65

6.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt. You should not be able to pull more of the belt from the retractor once the lock has been set.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

8.If the airbag or airbags are off, the off symbol on the instrument panel near the clock will be lit and stay lit when the key is turned to

ON or START.

If a child restraint has been installed and the off symbol is not lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint.

66

If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the vehicle, the off symbol is still not lit, check to make sure that the vehicleÕs seatback is not pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly recline the vehicleÕs seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.

A thick layer of additional material such as a blanket, or aftermarket equipment such as seat covers heaters or massagers, located between the seat cushion and the child restraint or small occupant, can affect how the passenger sensing system operates. Remove any additional material from the seat cushion before reinstalling/securing the child restraint or small occupant.

If the off symbol is still not lit, secure the child in the child restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle and check with your dealer.

To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

67

Airbag System

Your vehicle has a frontal airbag for the driver anda frontal airbag for the right front passenger. Your vehicle may also have side impact airbags. Side impact airbags are available for the driver and right front passenger.

If your vehicle has a side impact airbag for the driver and/or the right front passenger, the word AIRBAG will appear on the airbag covering on the side of the seatback closest to the door.

Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inßating frontal airbag. But these airbags must inßate very quickly to do their job and comply with federal regulations.

Here are the most important things to know about the airbag system:

{CAUTION:

You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if you are not wearing your safety belt — even if you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt during a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety belts. All airbags are designed to work with safety belts but do not replace them.

Frontal airbags for the driver and right front passenger are designed to deploy in moderate to severe frontal and near frontal

CAUTION: (Continued)

68

CAUTION: (Continued)

crashes. They are not designed to inflate in rollover, rear crashes, or in many side crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants, frontal airbags may provide less protection in frontal crashes than more forceful airbags have provided in the past.

Side impact airbags are designed to inflate in moderate to severe crashes where something hits the side of your vehicle. They are not designed to inflate in frontal, in rollover, or in rear crashes.

Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not there is an airbag for that person.

{CAUTION:

Both frontal and side impact airbags inflate with great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If you are too close to an inflating airbag, as you would be if you were leaning forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in position for airbag inflation before and during a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with frontal airbags. The driver should sit as far back as possible while still maintaining control of the vehicle. Front occupants should not lean on or sleep against the door.

69

{CAUTION:

Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Airbags

plus lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for adults, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide. Always secure children properly in your vehicle. To read how, seeOlder Children on

page 39 or Infants and Young Children on page 42.

There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument panel cluster or the secondary information center, which shows the airbag symbol.

The system checks the airbag electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light in the Index for more information.

70

Where Are the Airbags?

The driverÕs frontal airbag is in the middle of the steering wheel.

The right front passengerÕs frontal airbag is in the instrument panel on the passengerÕs side.

71

If your vehicle has a side impact airbag for the driver, it is in the side of the driverÕs seatback closest to the door.

If your vehicle has a side impact airbag for the right front passenger, it is in the side of the passengerÕs seatback closest to the door.

72

{CAUTION:

If something is between an occupant and an airbag, the airbag might not inflate properly or it might force the object into that person causing severe injury or even death. The path of an inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do not put anything between an occupant and an airbag, and do not attach or put anything on the steering wheel hub or on or near any other airbag covering. Do not let seat covers block the inflation path of a side impact airbag.

When Should an Airbag Inflate?

The driverÕs and right front passengerÕs frontal airbags are designed to inßate in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcrashes. But they are designed to inßate only if the impact exceeds a predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment thresholds take into account a variety of desired deployment andnon-deploymentevents and are used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in time for the airbags to inßate and help restrain the occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the direction of the impact and how quickly your vehicle slows down.

If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that does not move or deform, the threshold level is about 9 to 14 mph (14 to 23 km/h). The threshold level can vary, however, with speciÞc vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this range.

73

Frontal airbags may inßate at different crash speeds. For example:

¥If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits a moving object.

¥If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits an object that does not deform.

¥If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole), the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).

¥If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle, the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.

The frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger) are not intended to inßate during vehicle rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.

Your vehicle may or may not have side impact airbags. See Airbag System on page 68. Side impact airbags are intended to inßate in moderate to severe side crashes. A side impact airbag will inßate if the crash severity is above the systemÕs designed Òthreshold level.Ó The threshold level can vary with speciÞc vehicle design. Side impact airbags are not intended to inßate in frontal ornear-frontalimpacts, rollovers, or rear impacts.

A side impact airbag is intended to deploy on the side of the vehicle that is struck.

In any particular crash, no one can say whether an airbag should have inßated simply because of

the damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. For frontal airbags, inßation is determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal and near-frontalimpacts. For side impact airbags, inßation is determined by the location and severity of the impact.

74

What Makes an Airbag Inflate?

In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release of gas from the inßator, which inßates the airbag.

The inßator, the airbag and related hardware are all part of the airbag modules. Frontal airbag modules are located inside the steering wheel and instrument panel. For seating positions with side impact airbags, there are also airbag modules in the side of the seatbacks closest to the door.

How Does an Airbag Restrain?

In moderate to severe frontal or near frontal collisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. In moderate to severe side collisions, even belted occupants can contact the inside of the vehicle. Airbags supplement the protection provided by safety belts.

Airbags distribute the force of the impact more evenly over the occupantÕs upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually. But the frontal airbags would not help you in many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts, and many side impacts, primarily because an occupantÕs motion is not toward the airbag. Side impact airbags would not help you in many types of collisions, including many frontal or near frontal collisions, rollovers, and rear impacts.

Airbags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions for the driverÕs and right front passengerÕs frontal airbags, and only in moderate to severe side collisions for vehicles with side impact airbags.

75

What Will You See After an

Airbag Inflates?

After an airbag inßates, it quickly deßates, so quickly that some people may not even realize the airbag inßated. Some components of the airbag module Ñ the steering wheel hub for the driverÕs frontal airbag, the instrument panel for the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag, and for seating positions with side impact airbags, the side of the seatback closest to the door Ñ may be hot for a short time. The parts of the airbag that come into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There may be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deßated airbags. Airbag inßation does not prevent the driver from seeing out of the windshield or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it prevent people from leaving the vehicle.

{CAUTION:

When an airbag inflates, there may be dust in the air. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you have breathing problems but cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a window or a door. If you experience breathing problems following an airbag deployment, you should seek medical attention.

Your vehicle has a feature that may automatically unlock the doors, turn the interior lamps on when the airbags inßate and turn on the hazard

warning ßashers. You can lock the doors, turn the interior lamps off, and turn the hazard warning ßashers on by using the controls for those features.

76

In many crashes severe enough to inßate an airbag, windshields are broken by vehicle deformation. Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the right front passenger airbag.

¥Airbags are designed to inßate only once. After they inßate, you will need some new parts for your airbag system. If you do not get them, the airbag system will not be there to help protect you in another crash. A new system will include airbag modules and possibly other parts. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.

¥Your vehicle has a crash sensing and diagnostic module which records information after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data Recorders on page 414.

¥Let only qualiÞed technicians work on your airbag system. Improper service can mean that an airbag system will not work properly. See your dealer for service.

Passenger Sensing System

Your vehicle has a passenger sensing system for the right front passenger position. The passenger airbag status indicator will be visible when you turn your ignition key to ON or START.

If you have a sedan, the airbag off symbol will be visible near the clock, located in the center of the instrument panel, during the system check. See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator (Sedan) on page 162.

77

United States –

Canada – Hatchback

Hatchback

 

If you have a hatchback, the airbag off symbol will be visible in the Secondary Information Center (SIC) during the system check. See Secondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only)

on page 175. When the system check is complete, the airbag off symbol will be visible under certain conditions.

The passenger sensing system will turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) under certain conditions.

The driverÕs airbags are not part of the passenger sensing system.

The passenger sensing system works with a sensor that is part of the right front passengerÕs seat cushion. The sensor is designed to detect the presence of a properly-seatedoccupant and

determine if the passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) should be enabled (may inßate) or not.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear, rather than the front seat. We recommend that child restraints be secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat, and an older child riding in a booster seat.

Your vehicle has a rear seat that accommodates a rear-facingchild restraint. A label on your sun visor says, ÒNever put arear-facingchild seat in the front.Ó This is because the risk to therear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates.

CAUTION: (Continued)

78

CAUTION: (Continued)

This is because the back of the rear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag or airbags are off.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) if:

¥The right front passenger seat is unoccupied.

¥The system determines that an infant is present in a rear-facinginfant seat.

¥The system determines that a small child is present in a forward-facingchild restraint.

¥The system determines that a small child is present in a booster seat.

¥A right front passenger takes his/her weight off of the seat for a period of time.

¥The right front passenger seat is occupied by a smaller person, such as a child who has outgrown child restraints.

¥Or, if there is a critical problem with the airbag system or the passenger sensing system.

When the passenger sensing system has turned off the passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped), the off symbol will light and stay lit to remind you that the airbag or airbags are off. See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator (Sedan) on page 162.

79

If a child restraint has been installed and the off symbol is not lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove

the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint following the child restraint manufacturerÕs directions and refer to Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position

on page 62.

If, after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the vehicle, the off symbol is still not lit, check to make sure that the vehicleÕs seatback is not pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly recline the vehicleÕs seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.

If the off symbol is still not lit, secure the child in the child restraint in a rear seat position in

the vehicle and check with your dealer.

The passenger sensing system is designed to enable (may inßate) the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) anytime the system senses that a person of

adult size is sitting properly in the right front

passengerÕs seat. When the passenger sensing system has allowed the airbag or airbags to

be enabled, the off symbol will not light.

For some children who have outgrown child restraints and for very small adults, the passenger sensing system may or may not turn off the

right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped), depending upon the personÕs seating posture and body build. Everyone in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints should wear a safety belt properly Ñ whether

or not there is an airbag for that person.

If a person of adult-sizeis sitting in the right front passengerÕs seat, but the off symbol is lit, it

could be because that person is not sitting properly in the seat. If this happens do the following:

Turn the vehicle off and ask the person to place the seatback in the fully upright position, then sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the personÕs legs comfortably

extended. Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in this position for about two minutes.

This allows the system to detect that person and then enable the passengerÕs airbag or airbags.

80

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle

serviced promptly, because an adult-sizeperson sitting in the right front passenger’s seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped). SeeAirbag Readiness Light on page 176 for more on this, including important safety information.

A thick layer of additional material such as a blanket, or aftermarket equipment such as seat covers, seat heaters, and seat massagers can affect how well the passenger sensing system operates. Remove any additional material from the seat cushion before reinstalling or securing

the child restraint or small occupant.

81

You might want to consider not using seat covers or other aftermarket equipment if your vehicle has the passenger sensing system. See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 83 for more information about modiÞcations that can affect how the system operates.

Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped

Vehicle

Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in several places around your vehicle. You do not want the system to inßate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual have information about servicing your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a service manual,

see Service Publications Ordering Information on page 421.

{CAUTION:

For up to 10 seconds after the ignition key is turned off and the battery is disconnected, an airbag can still inflate during improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors.

They are probably part of the airbag system. Be sure to follow proper service procedures, and make sure the person performing work for you is qualified to do so.

The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.

82

Adding Equipment to Your

Airbag-EquippedVehicle

Q: Is there anything I might add to the front or sides of the vehicle that could keep the airbags from working properly?

A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicleÕs frame, bumper system, height, front end or side sheet metal, they may keep the airbag system from working properly. Also, the airbag system may not work properly if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If you have any questions about this, you should contact Customer Assistance before you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this manual. SeeCustomer Satisfaction

Procedure on page 402.

Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get my vehicle modified. How can I find out whether this will affect my airbag system?

A: Changing or moving any parts of the front seats, safety belts, the airbag sensing and diagnostic module, steering wheel, the instrument panel, or airbag wiring can affect the operation of the airbag system. If you have questions, call Customer Assistance. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this manual.

See Customer Satisfaction Procedure on page 402.

83

Restraint System Check

Checking the Restraint Systems

Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it repaired. See Care of Safety Belts on page 348.

Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.

Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and have them repaired or replaced. The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.

Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the right front passenger’s frontal airbag, or an airbag covering (if equipped) on a seatback, the airbag may not work properly.

You may have to replace the airbag module in the steering wheel, both the airbag module and the instrument panel for the right front passenger’s frontal airbag, or both the airbag module and the seatback for seating positions with a side impact airbag (if equipped.) Do not open or break the airbag coverings.

Replacing Restraint System Parts

After a Crash

{CAUTION:

A crash can damage the restraint systems in your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may not properly protect the person using it, resulting in serious injury or even death in a crash. To help make sure your restraint systems are working properly after a crash, have them inspected and any necessary replacements made as soon as possible.

84

If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH system parts?

After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.

If the LATCH system was being used during a more severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.

If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system was not being used at the time of the collision.

If an airbag inßates, you will need to replace airbag system parts. See the part about the airbag system earlier in this section.

If the frontal airbags inßate, you will also need to replace the driverÕs and right front passengerÕs safety belt pretensioners and safety belt. Be sure to do so. Then the new pretensioner and safety belt will be there to help protect you in a collision.

After a crash you may need to replace the driver and right front passengerÕs safety belt retractor assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have not deployed. The driver and right front passengerÕs safety belt retractor assemblies contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners checked if your vehicle has been in a collision, or if your airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle or while you are driving. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 176.

85

NOTES

86

Section 2 Features and Controls

Keys ..............................................................

88

Remote Keyless Entry System ....................

90

Remote Keyless Entry System Operation .... 91

Doors and Locks ..........................................

94

Door Locks .................................................

94

Central Door Unlocking System ...................

95

Door Ajar Reminder ....................................

96

Rear Door Security Locks ...........................

96

Lockout Protection .......................................

97

Trunk ..........................................................

98

Liftgate (Hatchback) ...................................

100

Windows ......................................................

101

Manual Windows .......................................

102

Power Windows ........................................

102

Sun Visors ................................................

103

Theft-Deterrent Systems .............................

103

Theft-Deterrent System ..............................

103

Immobilizer ................................................

106

Immobilizer Operation ................................

106

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle .........

107

New Vehicle Break-In ................................

107

Ignition Positions .......................................

108

Starting the Engine ....................................

109

Engine Coolant Heater ..............................

110

Automatic Transaxle Operation ..................

111

Manual Transaxle Operation ......................

115

Parking Brake ...........................................

117

Shifting Into Park (P)

 

(Automatic Transaxle) ............................

118

Shifting Out of Park (P) .............................

119

Parking Your Vehicle

 

(Manual Transaxle) ................................

120

Parking Over Things That Burn .................

121

Engine Exhaust .........................................

122

Running the Engine While Parked .............

122

Mirrors .........................................................

124

Manual Rearview Mirror .............................

124

Outside Manual Mirrors .............................

124

Outside Power Mirror ................................

125

Outside Convex Mirror ...............................

126

Outside Heated Mirrors .............................

126

Storage Areas .............................................

126

Glove Box .................................................

127

Cupholder(s) ..............................................

127

Sunglasses Storage Compartment .............

127

Sunroof .......................................................

128

87

Keys

{CAUTION:

Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition key is dangerous for many reasons. They could operate the power windows or other controls or even make the vehicle move. The children or others could be badly injured or even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with children.

88

One key is used for the ignition, the doors and all other locks.

When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer removes the key tag and gives it to the Þrst owner. The tag has a code on it that tells your dealer how to make extra keys. For vehicle security, keep the key tag in a safe place and also record the key number somewhere other than inside of the vehicle. If you lose your key, you will be able to have a new one made easily using the tag.

Your vehicle may have an electronic immobilizer designed to protect your car against theft. If so, only keys with the correct electronic code can be used to start the vehicle. See Immobilizer Operation on page 106 for additional information. Even if a key has the same proÞle, it will not start the engine if the electronic code is incorrect. If you need a new key, contact your dealer who can obtain the correct key code. Also seeRoadside Assistance Program on page 408.

Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle to get in. Be sure you have spare keys.

89

Remote Keyless Entry System

If the vehicle has the keyless entry system, it operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules

and with Industry Canada.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference.

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference.

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Changes or modiÞcations to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry system.

If the transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter

to work, try this:

¥Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy or snowy weather.

¥Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.

¥Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See ÒBattery ReplacementÓ under Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on page 91.

¥If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a qualiÞed technician for service.

90

Remote Keyless Entry System

Operation

You can lock and unlock your vehicleÕs doors from about 20 ft (6 m) away using the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter.

The following functions may be available if your vehicle has the RKE system:

Hatchback

Q(Lock): Press this button to lock all of the doors. If all of the doors and the trunk or liftgate are closed, the hazard lamps will ßash once and the horn will chirp to indicate that locking has occurred and that thetheft-deterrentsystem is active.

K (Unlock): Press this button to unlock all of the doors. The hazard lamps will ßash twice to indicate that unlocking has occurred and that thetheft-deterrentsystem is deactivated.

Hatchback

Sedan

91

Sedan

n (Lock/Unlock): Press this button to lock all of the doors. The hazard lamps will ßash once to indicate that locking has occurred and that thetheft-deterrentsystem is active. Press this button again to unlock all of the doors. The hazard lamps will ßash twice to indicate that unlocking has occurred and that thetheft-deterrentsystem

is deactivated.

V(Remote Trunk Release):Press and hold this button for approximately one second to open the trunk.

The LED light, on the transmitter, will ßash when the buttons on the transmitter are pressed.

The lock and unlock buttons will not operate and the theft-deterrentsystem will not activate while the key is in the ignition.

Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle

Each RKE transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle,

any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of Þve transmitters matched to it.

92

Battery Replacement

Under normal use, the battery in your RKE transmitter should last about two years.

The battery is weak if the LED fails to illuminate or if the transmitter will not work at the normal range in any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works, it is probably time to change the battery.

Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body transferred to these surfaces may damage the transmitter.

To replace the battery in the RKE transmitter, do the following:

1.Remove the screw from the back of the cover and open the cover of the transmitter.

2.Pull the transmitter out of the cover and carefully detach the sticker from the unit. Keep the sticker clean.

3.Remove the battery and replace it with the new one. Make sure the positive side of the battery faces up. Use one three-volt,CR1620, or equivalent, type battery.

4.Attach the sticker and put the transmitter unit in the cover.

5.Put the two halves back together and replace the screw. Make sure the cover is on tightly, so water will not get in.

6.Test the transmitter operation.

Hatchback

Sedan

93

Doors and Locks

Door Locks

{CAUTION:

Unlocked doors can be dangerous.

Passengers, especially children, can easily open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle will not open it. You increase the chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors are not locked. So, wear safety belts properly and lock the doors whenever you drive.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Young children who get into unlocked vehicles may be unable to get out.

A child can be overcome by extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle whenever you leave it.

Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can help prevent this from happening.

There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.

From the outside, use your key or the Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) transmitter. See Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on page 91.

94

To manually unlock the front doors from the outside, insert the key and turn it toward the front of the vehicle. To manually lock the doors from the outside, insert the key and turn it toward

the rear of the vehicle.

All doors, except for the driverÕs door, can be locked by pushing down the manual door lock and then closing the door. The driverÕs door can only by locked from the outside by using the key or the optional remote keyless entry transmitter.

From the inside, you can lock and unlock all of the doors by pushing or pulling the manual door

lock located on each door.

Central Door Unlocking System

Your vehicle may be equipped with the central door unlocking system. This system is activated from the driverÕs door.

From the outside, you can lock or unlock all the doors by using either the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped. From the inside, you can lock or unlock all the doors

by using the driverÕs door lock switch while the driverÕs door is closed.

95

Door Ajar Reminder

If one of the doors on the sedan is not closed properly while the ignition is on, the

door ajar light on the instrument panel comes on and stays on until the doors are closed.

If one of the doors on the hatchback is not closed properly while the ignition is on, the door ajar light on the secondary information center comes on and stays on until the doors are closed.

Rear Door Security Locks

Your vehicle has rear door security locks on each rear door that help prevent passengers from opening the

rear doors on your vehicle from the inside.

Using the Rear Door Security Lock

1.Move the lever upward to lock.

2.Close the door.

3.Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.

Notice: Pulling the inside door handle while the rear door security locks are engaged could damage your vehicle. Do not pull the inside door handle while the rear door security locks are engaged.

The rear doors on your vehicle cannot be opened from the inside while this feature is in use.

96

Opening a Rear Door When the Security Lock is On

1.Unlock the door from the inside.

2.Open the door from the outside.

If you do not cancel the security lock, adults or older children who ride in the rear will not be able to open the rear door from the inside. You should let adults and older children know how to cancel the locks.

Canceling the Rear Door Security Lock

1.Unlock the door from the inside and open the door from the outside.

2.Move the lever downward to unlock.

3.Do the same for the other rear door.

The rear door locks will now work normally.

Lockout Protection

This feature helps prevent locking your key in the car. The driverÕs door can only be locked with the door closed. From the outside of the vehicle,

close the driverÕs door and lock it using the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped.

This feature cannot guarantee that you will never be locked out of your vehicle. Always remember to take your key with you.

97

Trunk

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk lid open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into your vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death. If you must drive with the trunk lid open or if electrical wiring or other cable connections must pass through the seal between the body and the trunk lid:

Make sure all other windows are shut.

Turn the fan on your heating or cooling system to its highest speed and select the control setting that will force outside air into your vehicle. See Climate Control System.

If you have air outlets on or under the instrument panel, open them all the way.

See Engine Exhaust on page 122.

To open the trunk on your sedan from outside of your vehicle, insert the key into the lock cylinder and turn the key clockwise or use the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped.

Remote Trunk Release

If your vehicle has a trunk release button located on the driverÕs door, you can open the trunk from inside your vehicle by pressing the release button.

Trunk Release Button

When closing the trunk, close from the center to ensure it fully latches.

98

If your vehicle has a trunk release lever located on the outboard side of the driverÕs seat, you can open the trunk from inside your vehicle by pulling the release lever.

Trunk Release Lever

Emergency Trunk Release Handle

Notice: Do not use the emergency trunk release handle as atie-downor anchor point when securing items in the trunk as it

could damage the handle. The emergency trunk release handle is only intended to aid a person trapped in a latched trunk, enabling them to open the trunk from the inside.

There is a glow-in-the-darkemergency trunk release handle located on the underside of the trunk lid. This handle will glow following exposure to light. Pull the release handle down to open the trunk from the inside.

99

Liftgate (Hatchback)

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to drive with the liftgate open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into your vehicle. You cannot see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness and even death. If you must drive with the liftgate open or if electrical wiring or other cable connections must pass through the seal between the body and the liftgate:

Make sure all other windows are shut.

Turn the fan on your heating or cooling system to its highest speed and select the control setting that will force outside air into your vehicle. See

Climate Control System on page 150.

If you have air outlets on or under the instrument panel, open them all the way. See Engine Exhaust on page 122.

To open the liftgate on your hatchback from outside of the vehicle, insert the key into the lock cylinder and turn it counterclockwise or use the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped. Then pull up the handle above the license plate to open the liftgate.

When closing the liftgate, close from the center to ensure it fully latches.

To lock the liftgate, insert the key into the lock cylinder and turn it clockwise or use the remote keyless entry transmitter, if equipped.

The liftgate can also be locked or unlocked by the central door unlocking system or remote keyless entry, if equipped. See Central Door Unlocking System on page 95 andRemote Keyless

Entry System Operation on page 91.

100

Windows

{CAUTION:

Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous. They can be overcome by the extreme heat and suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.

101

Manual Windows

Use the window crank to open and close each window.

The rear windows do not open fully.

Power Windows

If your vehicle has power windows, the switches are located on the driverÕs door. In addition, each passenger door has a switch for its own window.

The ignition must be turned to ON to use the power windows. To lower the window, press and hold the switch. To raise the window, lift up

on the switch. Release the switch when the window reaches the desired level.

Window Lockout

The window lockout is located with the driverÕs power window switches.

Press the lockout button to stop the front and rear passengers from using their window switches. The driver can still operate all the windows with the lockout on. Press the lockout button again

to return to normal window operation.

102

Sun Visors

To block out glare you can swing down the visors. You can also remove them from the center mount and swing them to the side.

Visor Vanity Mirror

Your vehicle has vanity mirrors located on the back of the sun visors. Swing down the sun visor to expose the vanity mirror.

Theft-DeterrentSystems

Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrentfeatures, we know that nothing we put on it can make it impossible to steal.

Theft-DeterrentSystem

Your vehicle may have a theft-deterrentsystem.

The theft-deterrentsystem will not arm when you lock the doors using the key or the manual door lock. It arms only when you use the remote keyless entry transmitter.

Arming the System

To arm the system, do the following:

1.Close the doors, the windows, the hood, and the trunk or liftgate.

Ensure that the windows are closed, as the system can be armed even if the windows are open.

2.Turn the key to LOCK and remove the key from the ignition.

If the key is inserted in the ignition, the transmitter will not arm the theft-deterrentsystem.

103

3.Lock the doors by pressing the lock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter.

¥The LED light on the transmitter will ßash once.

¥All of the doors will lock.

¥The hazard warning lamps will ßash once and the horn will chirp.

¥The security light will ßash to indicate that the theft-deterrentsystem is armed. For hatchback models, the security light is located on the secondary information center (SIC) on the center of the instrument panel. SeeSecondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only) on page 175. For

sedan models, the security light is located on the center of the instrument panel near the clock. See Instrument Panel Overview on page 132.

To avoid activating the alarm by accident, do one of the following:

¥Unlock the driverÕs or passengerÕs front door using the key.

¥Press the unlock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter.

Unlocking a door any other way will activate the alarm when a door or the trunk or liftgate is opened.

If you do not want to arm the theft-deterrentsystem, lock the vehicle using the key or the manual door locks.

104

Disarming the System

To disarm the system, do one of the following:

¥Unlock the driverÕs or passengerÕs front door using the key.

¥Press the unlock button on the remote keyless entry transmitter.

The LED light on the transmitter will ßash once.

All of the doors will unlock.

The hazard warning lamps will ßash twice.

If the door is not opened or if the engine is not started within 30 seconds after disarming the system using the transmitter, all of the doors will automatically lock and the theft-deterrentmode will rearm.

How the System Alarm is Activated

If a door or the trunk or liftgate is opened without using the key or the remote keyless entry transmitter, the horn will sound and the lamps will ßash for up to 30 seconds.

How to Turn Off the System Alarm

If the system alarm is active, it can be deactivated using one of the following methods:

¥Press the lock or unlock buttons on the remote keyless entry transmitter.

¥Unlock the driverÕs or passengerÕs front door using the key.

Otherwise, the alarm will automatically stop after 30 seconds. The system will then lock the doors and rearm the theft-deterrentsystem.

How to Detect a Tamper Condition

If the hazard warning lamps ßash once when you press the lock or unlock buttons on the remote keyless entry transmitter, the theft-deterrentsystem alarm was activated while you were away.

105

Immobilizer

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference.

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference.

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Changes or modiÞcations to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

Immobilizer Operation

Your vehicle may have a passive theft-deterrentsystem. The immobilizer system prevents

your vehicle from being started by unauthorized persons.

If your vehicle has an immobilizer system, your vehicle has a special key that works with the theft-deterrentsystem. There is a transponder in the key head that is electronically coded. The correct key will start the vehicle. An invalid

key immobilizes the engine. The immobilizer system isolates the power supply to the ignition system, the fuel pump and the fuel injectors.

The engine immobilizer is activated after the key is turned to LOCK and removed from the ignition. The security light located on the top center of the instrument panel in the secondary information center will ßash when the immobilizer is active.

If the light does not ßash after removing the key, have the system checked by your dealer.

If the immobilizer system does not recognize the electronic code when the key is turned to START, the engine will not start and the security indicator will continue blinking. If your key is ever damaged, you may not be able to start your vehicle.

106

When trying to start the vehicle, if the engine does not start and the security light continues ßashing, the key may have a damaged transponder.

Turn the ignition off and try again.

If the engine still does not start, and the key appears to be undamaged, try another key. At this time, you may also want to check the fuse. See

Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page 356. If the engine still does not start with the other key, your vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start, the Þrst key may be faulty. See your dealer who can have a new key made.

Up to Þve keys may be programmed for the vehicle. If you lose or damage your keys, only a GM dealer can have new keys made.

If you are ever driving and the security light comes on and stays on, you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it off. The theft-deterrentsystem, however, is not working properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by thetheft-deterrentsystem at this time.

In an emergency, contact Roadside Assistance. See Roadside Assistance Program on page 408.

Starting and Operating Your

Vehicle

New Vehicle Break-In

Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaboratebreak-in.But it will perform better in the long run if you follow these guidelines:

Do not drive at any one constant speed, fast or slow, for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make full-throttlestarts. Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow, the vehicle.

Avoid making hard stops for the first

200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time your new brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement.

Follow this breaking-inguideline every time you get new brake linings.

Following break-in,engine speed and load can be gradually increased.

107

Ignition Positions

With the key in the ignition switch, you can turn the key to four different positions.

{CAUTION:

On manual transaxle vehicles, turning the key to LOCK and removing it will lock the steering column and result in a loss of ability to steer the vehicle. This could cause a collision. If you need to turn the engine off while the vehicle is moving, turn the key only to ACC. Do not push the key in while the vehicle is moving.

Notice: Using a tool to force the key from the ignition switch could cause damage or break the key. Use the correct key and turn the key only with your hand. Make sure the key is all the way in. If it is, turn the steering wheel left and right while you turn the key hard. If none of this works, then your vehicle needs service.

LOCK: This position locks your steering wheel, ignition, shift lever and transaxle. This is the only position in which you can insert or remove

the key. For easier key operation when unlocking the steering wheel, move the steering wheel from right to left and turn the key to ACC.

ACC (Accessory): This position operates some of your electrical accessories, such as the radio, but not the climate control system.

ON: This is the position to which the switch returns after you start your engine and release the key. The switch stays in ON when the engine is running. But even when the engine is not running, you can use ON to operate your electrical accessories, and to display some instrument panel warning lights.

108

START: This position starts the engine. When the engine starts, release the key. The switch will return to ON for normal driving. Do not turn the key to START if the engine is running.

Even if the engine is not running, ACC and ON allow you to operate electrical accessories, such as the radio.

Starting the Engine

Automatic Transaxle

Move the shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). The engine will not start in any other position Ñ that is a safety feature. To restart when you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only.

Notice: Shifting into PARK (P) with the vehicle moving could damage the transaxle. Shift

into PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.

Manual Transaxle

The shift lever should be in NEUTRAL and the parking brake engaged. Hold the clutch pedal to the ßoor and start the engine. Your vehicle will not start if the clutch pedal is not all the way

down Ñ that is a safety feature.

Starting Procedure

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition to START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm.

Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about 15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging your starter.

2.If it does not start, wait about 15 seconds and try again to start the engine by turning the ignition to START. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.

When the engine has run about 10 seconds to warm up, your vehicle is ready to be driven. Do not run your engine at high speed when it is cold.

If the weather is below freezing (32¡F or 0¡C), let the engine run for a few minutes to warm up.

109

3.If the engine still will not start, or starts but then stops, it could be ßooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the ßoor and holding it there as you

hold the key in START for about three seconds. If the vehicle starts brießy but then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal down for Þve or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.

Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical parts or accessories, you could change the way the engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment, check with

your dealer. If you do not, your engine might not perform properly. Any resulting damage would not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.

Engine Coolant Heater

Your vehicle may have an engine coolant heater. In very cold weather, 0¡F (−18¡C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can help. You will get easier starting and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle. At temperatures above 32¡F (0¡C), use of the coolant heater is not required.

To Use the Engine Coolant Heater

1.Turn off the engine.

2.Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The cord is located on the driverÕs side of the engine compartment, near the battery.

3.Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-VoltAC outlet.

110

{CAUTION:

Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded three-prong110-voltAC outlet. If the cord will not reach, use aheavy-dutythree-prongextension cord rated for at least 15 amps.

4.Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be damaged.

How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your dealer in the area where you will be parking your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area.

Automatic Transaxle Operation

If your vehicle has an automatic transaxle, the shift lever is located on the console between the seats.

Movement between certain positions requires pushing the release button on the front of the shifter.

111

PARK (P): This position locks your front wheels. It is the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.

{CAUTION:

It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.

Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).

See Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on page 118.

Ensure that the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting the engine. Your vehicle has

an automatic transaxle shift lock control system.

You have to apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the key is in ON. If you cannot shift out of PARK (P) while holding the brake pedal down, see Shifting Out of Park (P) on page 119.

REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.

When shifting from NEUTRAL (N) to REVERSE (R), you need to apply the regular

brake and push the release button on the front of the shifter and then forward.

Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage the transaxle. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.

To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow on page 247.

NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not connect with the wheels. To restart while

you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.

112

{CAUTION:

Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your vehicle could move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or objects. Do not shift into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed.

Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while the engine is running at high speed may damage the transaxle. The

repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not running at high speeds when shifting your vehicle.

AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4): This position is for normal driving.

When operating your vehicle in severe cold conditions, the transaxle may be prevented from shifting into D4 gear until the transaxle ßuid

has warmed up to itÕs operational temperature.

Notice: If your vehicle seems to start up rather slowly or not shift gears when you go faster, and you continue to drive your vehicle that way, you could damage the transaxle. Have your vehicle serviced right away. You can drive in SECOND (2) when you are driving less

than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4) for higher speeds until then.

SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as you

go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes off and on.

Notice: Do not drive in SECOND (2) at speeds over 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can damage the transaxle. Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4) as much as possible. Do not shift into SECOND (2) unless you are going slower than 65 mph

(105 km/h) or you can damage your engine.

113

FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transaxle will not shift into Þrst gear until

the vehicle is going slowly enough.

Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in one place on a hill using only the accelerator pedal may damage the transaxle. If you are stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill, use the brakes, or parking brake to hold the vehicle in place.

If there is a malfunction with the automatic transaxle, the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) or the HOLD indicator light will turn on or ßash. See

Malfunction Indicator Lamp on page 181or Hold Mode Light on page 181.

Have your vehicle Þxed as soon as possible.

Hold Mode

If your vehicleÕs transaxle has hold mode, you can select this mode to drive with some characteristics of a manual transaxle. With hold mode turned

on, the automatic transaxle will stay in a speciÞc gear range.

Press the HOLD button on the shift lever console to turn on hold mode. Press the button again

to turn off hold mode, and return to normal automatic transaxle operation.

114

For the Hatchback, the HOLD light will light up on the secondary information center. For the Sedan, the HOLD light will light up on the instrument panel cluster. See Hold Mode Light on page 181.

When hold mode is activated, the transaxle is Þxed in the gear selected.

Hold Mode Features

Winter Function

Select hold mode while in AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (D4) to help the vehicle maintain traction on slippery road surfaces, such as snow, mud, or ice.

Manually Controlling Shift

Select hold mode to use your automatic transaxle like a three-speedmanual transaxle.

Manual Transaxle Operation

Five-Speed

This is your shift pattern.

Here is how to operate your manual transaxle:

FIRST (1): Press the clutch pedal and shift into FIRST (1). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

115

You can shift into FIRST (1) when you are going less than 20 mph (32 km/h). If you have come to a complete stop and it is hard to shift into FIRST (1), put the shift lever in NEUTRAL and let up on

the clutch. Press the clutch pedal back down. Then shift into FIRST (1).

SECOND (2): Press the clutch pedal as you let up on the accelerator pedal and shift into SECOND (2). Then, slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5): Shift into THIRD (3), FOURTH (4) and FIFTH (5), the same way you do for SECOND (2). Slowly let up on the clutch pedal as you press the accelerator pedal.

To stop, let up on the accelerator pedal and press the brake pedal. Just before the vehicle stops, press the clutch pedal and the brake pedal, and shift to NEUTRAL.

NEUTRAL: Use this position when you start or idle your engine.

REVERSE (R): To back up, press down the clutch pedal, lift up the ring on the shift lever and shift into REVERSE (R). Let up on the clutch pedal slowly while pressing the accelerator pedal.

Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage the transaxle. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.

Also, use REVERSE (R), along with the parking brake, for parking your vehicle.

Shift Speeds

{CAUTION:

If you skip a gear when you downshift, you could lose control of your vehicle. You could injure yourself or others. Do not shift down more than one gear at a time when you downshift.

116

Parking Brake

The parking brake lever is located between the bucket seats.

To set the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down and pull up on the parking brake lever. If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on. See Brake System Warning Light

on page 164.

To release the parking brake, hold the brake pedal down. Pull the parking brake lever up until you can press the release button. Hold the release button in as you move the brake lever all the way down.

Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can overheat the brake system and cause premature wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully released and the brake warning light is off before driving.

117

Shifting Into Park (P)

(Automatic Transaxle)

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow.

1.Hold the brake pedal down and set the parking brake.

2.Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pushing the release button on the front of the shÞter.

3.Turn the ignition to LOCK.

4.Remove the key and take it with you. If you can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).

Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine

Running (Automatic Transaxle)

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the engine running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could overheat and even catch fire. You or others could be injured. Do not leave your vehicle with the engine running.

If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your parking brake is Þrmly set before you leave it. After you have moved the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P). If you can, it means that the shift lever was not fully locked into PARK (P).

118

Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)

If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the transaxle. You may Þnd it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called Òtorque lock.Ó To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driverÕs seat. To Þnd out how, see Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on page 118.

When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.

If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).

Shifting Out of Park (P)

Your automatic transaxle vehicle has an automatic transaxle shift-lockcontrol system. You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is turned to ON. See

Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 111.

If you cannot shift out of PARK (P) while holding the brake pedal down, try this:

1.Set the parking brake.

2.Turn the ignition off and remove the key.

3.Remove the cover over the shift-lockrelease slot by prying it off using a small, ßat object. Theshift-lockrelease slot is located at the top of the shift lever.

119

4.Insert the key into the shift-lockrelease slot and press and hold the key.

5.Shift to NEUTRAL (N).

6.Remove the key from the shift-lockrelease slot, insert the key into the ignition and start the engine.

7.Replace the shift-lockrelease slot cover.

8.Apply and hold the regular brake fully and release the parking brake.

9.Shift to the gear you want.

10.Have the system Þxed as soon as you can.

Parking Your Vehicle

(Manual Transaxle)

Before leaving your vehicle, do the following:

1.Hold the brake pedal down and Þrmly apply the parking brake.

2.Fully press in the clutch pedal and place the shift lever into the gear position as stated below:

¥When parking on level ground, place the shift lever into NEUTRAL.

¥When parking downhill, place the shift lever in REVERSE (R).

¥When parking uphill, place the shift lever in FIRST (1).

3.After shifting, turn the ignition to LOCK, remove the key and release the clutch.

120

Parking Over Things That Burn

{CAUTION:

Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves, dry grass, or other things that can burn.

121

Engine Exhaust

{CAUTION:

Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.

You might have exhaust coming in if:

Your exhaust system sounds strange or different.

Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.

Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.

Your vehicle was damaged when driving over high points on the road or over road debris.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Repairs were not done correctly.

Your vehicle or exhaust system has been modified improperly.

If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your vehicle:

Drive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO; and

Have your vehicle fixed immediately.

Running the Engine While Parked

It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.

122

{CAUTION:

Idling the engine with the climate control system off could allow dangerous exhaust into your vehicle. See the earlier caution under Engine Exhaust on page 122.

Also, idling in a closed-inplace can let deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if the climate control fan is at the highest setting. One place this can happen is a garage. Exhaust — with

CO — can come in easily. NEVER park in a garage with the engine running.

Another closed-inplace can be a blizzard. SeeWinter Driving on page 242.

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the automatic transaxle shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when it is on fairly level ground, always set the parking brake and move the automatic transaxle shift lever to PARK (P), or the manual transaxle shift lever to NEUTRAL.

Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not move. If you have an automatic transaxle, see Shifting Into Park (P) (Automatic Transaxle) on page 118.

123

Mirrors

Manual Rearview Mirror

While sitting in a comfortable driving position, adjust the mirror so you can see clearly behind your vehicle. Grip the mirror in the center to move it up or down and side to side. The control at the bottom of the mirror is the day/night feature that allows adjustment to the mirror so that the glare of headlamps from behind is reduced. Push the control for daytime use; pull it for night use.

Outside Manual Mirrors

The outside rearview mirrors should be adjusted so you can see a little of the side of your vehicle when you are sitting in a comfortable driving position.

Adjust the outside manual mirrors using the control lever located next to the mirror.

The outside rearview mirrors can be folded ßat against the side of the vehicle by pushing them toward the vehicleÕs doors.

124

Outside Power Mirror

For sedan models, the control for the power mirrors is located on the instrument panel, left

of the steering wheel.

To adjust the mirrors, do the following:

1.Select the mirror you want to adjust by moving the selector switch to L for the driverÕs side mirror or R for the passengerÕs side mirror.

2.To adjust the mirror, press the corresponding edges located on the four-waycontrol pad to move the mirror in the direction that you want it to go - up, down, left or right. The ignition must be turned to ON to adjust the mirrors.

For hatchback models, the control for the power mirror is located on

the driverÕs door panel, above the power window buttons.

1.Select the mirror you want to adjust by pressing the left side of the selector for the driverÕs side mirror or the right side for the passengerÕs side mirror.

2.To adjust each mirror, press the corresponding edges located on the four-waycontrol pad to move the mirror in the direction that you

want it to go. The ignition must be turned to ON to adjust the mirrors.

The outside rearview mirrors can be folded ßat against the side of the vehicle by pushing them toward the vehicleÕs doors.

125

Outside Convex Mirror

{CAUTION:

A convex mirror can make things (like other vehicles) look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before changing lanes.

The passengerÕs side mirror is convex. A convex mirrorÕs surface is curved so more can be

seen from the driverÕs seat. It also makes things, like other vehicles, look farther away than they really are.

Outside Heated Mirrors

If your vehicle has this feature, when you operate the rear window defogger, the heated driverÕs and passengerÕs outside power mirrors are warmed to help clear them of ice, snow, and condensation.

See ÒRear Window and Outside Mirror DefoggerÓ under Climate Control System on page 150 for more information.

Storage Areas

Your vehicle has shopping hooks on each front seatback for your convenience. Lift the headrest to access the hooks.

126

Glove Box

Open the glove box by pulling the bottom of the handle upward.

Cupholder(s)

There are two cupholders located in the center instrument panel, below the climate control system. To use the cupholder, push in on its outer edge. Then pull out the cupholder. After use, push in the cupholder until it latches.

There is also a cupholder located in the rear of the center console.

Sunglasses Storage Compartment

If your vehicle has this feature, the sunglasses storage compartment is located above the driverÕs door. To open, pull down and hold the upper

part of the cover. To close the compartment, let go of the cover and the compartment will automatically close.

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Sunroof

If the vehicle has this feature, the switch is located on the headliner between the sun visors.

The sunroof will only operate when the ignition is turned to ON. The sunroof can be opened to a vent position or it can be opened all of the way.

You must manually open and close the sunshade.

To open the sunroof to the vent position, open the sunshade. Then press and hold the driverÕs side of the switch. To close the sunroof, press and hold the passengerÕs side of the switch until the sunroof reaches the desired position.

To fully open the sunroof, open the sunshade. Then press and hold the passengerÕs side of the switch. To close the sunroof, press and hold the driverÕs side of the switch. The sunroof will stop if the switch is released during operation.

In both the vent and fully open positions, the air ßow can be adjusted by pushing and holding the switch until the sunroof moves to the desired position.

The sunroof cannot be opened or closed if the vehicle has an electrical failure.

128

Section 3 Instrument Panel

Instrument Panel Overview ........................

132

Hazard Warning Flashers ..........................

135

Other Warning Devices .............................

136

Horn ..........................................................

136

Tilt Wheel ..................................................

136

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ..................

137

Turn and Lane-Change Signals .................

137

Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ..........

138

Flash-to-Pass ............................................

138

Windshield Wipers .....................................

138

Windshield Washer ....................................

140

Rear Window Wiper/Washer (Hatchback) ....

140

Cruise Control ...........................................

141

Exterior Lamps ..........................................

145

Headlamps on Reminder ...........................

145

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .................

146

Fog Lamps ................................................

147

Instrument Panel Brightness ......................

147

Dome Lamp ..............................................

148

Inadvertent Power Battery Saver ...............

148

Accessory Power Outlet(s) ........................

148

Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ................

149

Clock .........................................................

150

Climate Controls .........................................

150

Climate Control System .............................

150

Outlet Adjustment ......................................

154

Passenger Compartment Air Filter .............

155

Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ..... 157

Instrument Panel Cluster ...........................

158

Speedometer and Odometer ......................

160

Trip Odometer ...........................................

160

Tachometer ...............................................

160

Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................

161

Safety Belt Reminder Tone .......................

161

Airbag Readiness Light .............................

161

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator .............

162

Charging System Light ..............................

164

Brake System Warning Light .....................

164

Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ......

165

Hold Mode Light ........................................

166

Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ............

167

Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................

168

Oil Pressure Light .....................................

171

Fog Lamp Light .........................................

172

Cruise Control Light ..................................

172

Highbeam On Light ...................................

172

129

Section 3 Instrument Panel

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

 

Indicator Light ........................................

172

Door Ajar Light ..........................................

173

Fuel Gage .................................................

173

Low Fuel Warning Light ............................

174

Secondary Information Center (SIC) ..........

175

Secondary Information Center (SIC)

 

(Hatchback Only) ...................................

175

Clock (Hatchback Only) .............................

176

Safety Belt Reminder Light ........................

176

Airbag Readiness Light .............................

176

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator

 

(Hatchback) ............................................

178

Charging System Light ..............................

180

Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ......

180

Hold Mode Light ........................................

181

Malfunction Indicator Lamp ........................

181

Oil Pressure Light .....................................

185

Fog Lamp Light .........................................

186

Door Ajar Light ..........................................

186

Audio System(s) .........................................

186

AM-FM Radio (Single Display,

 

Base Level) ...........................................

188

AM-FM Radio (Double Display,

 

Base Level) ...........................................

190

Radio with CD (MP3/WMA) .......................

194

Radio with Six-Disc CD (MP3/WMA) .........

201

Using an MP3

 

(Radio with CD Player) ..........................

208

Using an MP3

 

(Radio with Six-Disc Player) ...................

212

Audio Steering Wheel Controls ..................

216

Radio Reception ........................................

217

Care of Your CDs .....................................

217

Care of the CD Player ..............................

217

Fixed Mast Antenna (Hatchback) ...............

218

Backglass Antenna (Sedan) .......................

218

130

NOTES

131

Instrument Panel Overview

132

The main components of your instrument panel are the following:

A.Air Outlet. See Outlet Adjustment on page 154.

B.Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel Cluster on page 158.

C.Digital Clock and Secondary Information Center. See Clock on page 150 andSecondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only)

on page 175.

D.Hazard Warning Flashers Button. See Hazard Warning Flashers on page 135.

E.Instrument Panel Brightness Control. See

Instrument Panel Brightness on page 147.

F.Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 274.

G.Horn. See Horn on page 136.

H.Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 186.

I.Cupholder. See Cupholder(s) on page 127.

J.Ashtray. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter on page 149.

K.Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter on page 149.

L.Climate Control System. See Climate Control System on page 150.

M.Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 127.

133

134

The main components of your instrument panel are the following:

A.Air Outlet. See Outlet Adjustment on page 154.

B.Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel Cluster on page 158.

C.Digital Clock. See Clock on page 150.

D.Hood Release. See Hood Release on page 274.

E.Horn. See Horn on page 136.

F.Audio System. See Audio System(s) on page 186.

G.Climate Control System. See Climate Control System on page 150.

H.Ashtray. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter on page 149.

I.Cupholder. See Cupholder(s) on page 127.

J.Cigarette Lighter. See Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter on page 149.

K.Hazard Warning Flashers Button. See Hazard Warning Flashers on page 135.

L.Glove Box. See Glove Box on page 127.

Hazard Warning Flashers

Your hazard warning ßashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will ßash on and off.

The hazard warning ßasher button is located in the center of the instrument panel on the sedan. It is located to the right of the climate control system on the hatchback.

Your hazard warning ßashers work no matter what position your key is in, and even if the key is not in the ignition switch.

Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal lamps ßash on and off. Press the button again to turn the ßashers off.

When the hazard warning ßashers are on, your turn signals will not work.

135

Other Warning Devices

If you carry reßective triangles, you can set them up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.

Horn

Press near or on the horn symbols on your steering wheel pad to sound the horn.

Tilt Wheel

Your vehicle has a tilt wheel which allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.

The tilt wheel lever is located underneath the steering column slightly to the left.

To tilt the steering wheel, hold the wheel and push the lever down. Then, move the wheel to a comfortable position and pull the lever up to lock the wheel in place.

136

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever

Uplevel shown, Base similar

The lever on the left side of the steering column includes the following:

¥ G Turn andLane-ChangeSignals. See

Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 137.

¥ 3HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger. SeeHeadlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page 138.

¥Flash-to-Pass. See Flash-to-Pass on page 138.

¥P Exterior Light Control. SeeExterior Lamps on page 145.

¥-FogLamps, if equipped. SeeFog Lamps on page 147.

Turn and Lane-ChangeSignals

The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.

To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is Þnished, the lever will return automatically.

An arrow on the instrument panel cluster will ßash in the direction of the turn or lane change.

To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to ßash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change.

The lever will return by itself when you release it.

As you signal a turn or a lane change, if the arrows ßash rapidly, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers will not see your turn signal.

137

If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the arrows do not go on at all when you signal a turn, check for burned-outbulbs and then check the fuse. SeeFuses and Circuit Breakers on page 356.

Headlamp High/Low-BeamChanger

To change the headlamps from low beam to high beam, push the turn signal/multifunction lever away from you.

When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument panel cluster also will be on if the ignition is turned to ON.

To change the headlamps from high beam to low beam, pull the turn signal lever toward you.

Flash-to-Pass

This feature lets you use your high-beamheadlamps to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass.

To use it, pull the turn signal/multifunction lever toward you until the high-beamheadlamps come on, then release the lever to turn them off.

Windshield Wipers

Sedan shown, Hatchback similar

138

Use this lever located on the right side of the steering wheel to operate the windshield wipers. The ignition must be turned to ON to operate the windshield wipers.

HI (High Speed): Move the lever to this position for wiping at high speed.

LO (Low Speed): Move the lever to this position for steady wiping at low speed.

INT (Intermittent): Move the lever to this position to choose a delayed wiping cycle.

OFF: Move the lever to this position to turn off the windshield wipers.

Misting Function

Move the lever toward INT for a single wiping cycle. Hold it there until the windshield wipers start; then let go. The windshield wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the

band toward INT longer.

Remember that damaged wiper blades may prevent you from seeing well enough to drive safely. To avoid damage, be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before using them.

If they are frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.

Heavy snow or ice can overload your wiper motor. A circuit breaker will stop the motor until it cools. Clear away snow or ice to prevent an overload.

139

Windshield Washer

To wash your windshield, pull the windshield washer/wiper lever toward you with the ignition turned to ON.

{CAUTION:

In freezing weather, do not use your washer until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision.

When you release the lever, the washers will stop, but the wipers will continue to wipe for several cycles and will either stop or will resume at

the speed you were using before.

Rear Window Wiper/Washer (Hatchback)

{CAUTION:

In freezing weather, do not use your washer until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision.

Your vehicle may have a rear window washer/ wiper. Operate the rear window washer/wiper system by pushing the windshield washer/wiper lever away from you. The wiper operates intermittently when the lever is in the Þrst position. Washer ßuid sprays onto the rear window and the wiper operates continuously when the lever is pushed to the second position.

140

The rear window washer uses the same ßuid bottle as the windshield washer. However, the rear window washer will run out of ßuid before the

windshield washer. If you can wash your windshield but not your rear window, check the ßuid level.

Cruise Control

If your vehicle has cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 24 mph (39 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below 24 mph (39 km/h).

When you apply your brakes, or the clutch pedal if you have a manual transaxle, the cruise control turns off.

{CAUTION:

Cruise control can be dangerous where you cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do not use your cruise control on winding roads or in heavy traffic.

Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause excessive wheel slip, and you could lose control. Do not use cruise control on slippery roads.

141

Setting Cruise Control

{CAUTION:

If you leave your cruise control on when you are not using cruise, you might hit a button and go into cruise when you do not want to. You could be startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise control switch off until you want to use cruise control.

The cruise control pad is located on the right side of the steering wheel.

1.Press the ON-OFFbutton (A) to turn cruise control on.

2.Accelerate to the speed you want.

3.Press the SET button and release it. The cruise control light will come on in the instrument panel cluster to show that the cruise control is on.

4.Take your foot off the accelerate pedal.

142

Resuming a Set Speed

Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply the brake pedal, or the clutch pedal if you have a manual transaxle. This, of course, shuts off the cruise control.

But you do not need to reset it. Once you are going about 24 mph (39 km/h) or more, you can brießy press the RESUME button.

You will go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there.

If you hold in the RESUME button longer, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the button or apply the brake pedal. So unless you want to go faster, do not hold in the RESUME button.

Increasing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

There are two ways to go to a higher speed.

¥Use the accelerator pedal to get to a higher speed. Press the SET button, then release the button and the accelerator pedal. You will now cruise at the higher speed.

¥Press the RESUME button. Hold it there until you get up to the speed you want, and then release the button. To increase your speed in very small amounts, brießy press the RESUME button and then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.

The accelerate feature will only work after you turn on the cruise control by pressing the SET button.

143

Reducing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

There are two ways to reduce your speed while using cruise control:

¥Press the SET button until you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.

¥To slow down in very small amounts, brießy press the SET button. Each time you do this, you will go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.

Passing Another Vehicle While Using

Cruise Control

Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.

Using Cruise Control on Hills

How well your cruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills. When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake pedal takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers Þnd this to be too much trouble and do not use cruise control on steep hills.

Ending Cruise Control

There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:

¥Step lightly on the brake pedal, or press the clutch pedal, if you have a manual transaxle.

¥Press the ON OFF button on the cruise control pad.

Erasing Speed Memory

When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your cruise control set speed memory is erased.

144

Exterior Lamps

Uplevel shown, Base similar

The lever on the left side of the steering column operates the exterior lamps.

The exterior lamp band has three positions:

3(Headlamps): Turn the band to this position to turn on the headlamps, together with the following:

¥Taillamps

¥License Plate Lamp

¥Instrument Panel Lights

¥Parking Lamps

The headlamps will automatically turn off when the ignition key is turned to lock or accessory.

;(Parking Lamps): Turn the band to this position to turn on the parking lamps, together with the taillamps, license plate lamp, and instrument panel lights.

OFF: Turn the band to this position to turn all lamps off, except the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL).

Headlamps on Reminder

If you open the driverÕs door with the ignition turned to LOCK or ACC while leaving the lamps on, you will hear a warning chime.

145

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for others to see the front of your vehicle during the day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles Þrst sold in Canada.

The DRL system will make your low-beamheadlamps come on when the following conditions are met:

¥The ignition is on.

¥The exterior lamp band is in OFF or in the parking lamp position.

¥The parking brake is released.

An indicator light on instrument panel cluster will come on when the DRL system is on.

When the DRL system is on, the taillamps, sidemarker lamps, parking lamps and instrument panel lights will not be illuminated unless you have turned the exterior lamps control to the parking lamp or headlamp position.

The DRL system will turn off when one of the following conditions are met:

¥The ignition is off.

¥The parking brake is on.

¥The high-beamheadlamps are on.

¥The low-beamheadlamps are on.

¥The ßash-to-passfeature is used.

As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular headlamp system when you need it.

146

Fog Lamps

If your vehicle has fog lamps, use them for better visibility in foggy or misty conditions. The band located on the middle of the turn signal/ multifunction lever controls the fog lamps.

While using the fog lamps, the ignition must be turned to ON and the low-beamheadlamps

or parking lamps must be on.

Turn the band to ON to turn the fog lamps on. An indicator light will come on in the secondary information center on the hatchback or in the

instrument panel cluster on the sedan, when the fog lamps are on. See Fog Lamp Light on page 186.

Turn the band to OFF to turn the fog lamps off. The fog lamps will also turn off when the high-beamheadlamps are turned on. When thehigh-beamheadlamps are turned off, the fog lamps will turn on again.

Some localities have laws that require the headlamps to be on along with the fog lamps.

Instrument Panel Brightness

This feature controls the brightness of the instrument panel lights.

The thumbwheel for this feature is located on the instrument panel to the left of the steering column. Turn the thumbwheel to brighten or dim the lights.

147

Dome Lamp

Your vehicle will have one of the following dome lamp switches.

With Sunroof

Without Sunroof

The switches have three positions.

ON: The light comes on and stays on.

O(Door): The light comes on when a door is opened. The light turns off when all the doors are closed.

OFF: The light remains off even when a door is opened.

Inadvertent Power Battery Saver

This feature is designed to protect your vehicleÕs battery against drainage from the taillamps, license plate lamp, instrument panel lights and parking lamps. When the ignition is turned off, the power to these features will automatically turn off

after 5 seconds once the driverÕs door is closed.

Accessory Power Outlet(s)

With the accessory power outlet, you can plug in auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or CB radio.

The accessory power outlet is located next to the parking brake on the center console.

To use the outlet, remove the protective cap. When not in use, always cover the outlet with the protective cap. The accessory power outlet is operational when the ignition is turned to ACC or ON.

Notice: Leaving electrical equipment on for extended periods will drain the battery. Always turn off electrical equipment when not in use and do not plug in equipment that exceeds the maximum amperage rating.

148

Certain electrical accessories may not be compatible with the accessory power outlet and could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses.

If you experience a problem, see your dealer for additional information on accessory power outlets.

Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your vehicle may damage it or keep other components from working as they should. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding maximum amperage rating of 20 amperes. Check with your dealer before adding electrical equipment.

When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the proper installation instructions included with the equipment.

Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty. Do not hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug because the power outlets are designed for accessory power plugs only.

Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter

The ashtray is located at the lower part of the center instrument panel. To remove the front ashtray for cleaning, open the ashtray fully, press in the retaining tab and pull the bin out.

Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them and possibly damage your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the ashtray.

The cigarette lighter is located to the right of the front ashtray. To use it, turn the ignition to ACC or ON, push the cigarette lighter in all the way and let go. When it is ready, it will pop back out

by itself.

Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it is heating will not allow the lighter to back away from the heating element when it is hot. Damage from overheating may occur to the lighter or heating element. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it is heating.

149

Clock

If you have a sedan there is a digital clock located in the center of the instrument panel, above the center air outlets. When the ignition is turned

to ACC or ON, the time is displayed in the digital clock. There are three adjusting buttons for

the digital clock:

H (Hour): To go forward one hour, press the H button once. To go forward more than one hour, press and hold the button until the correct hour is reached.

M (Minute): To go forward one minute, press the M button once. To go forward more than one minute, press and hold the button until the correct minute is reached.

S (Set): To reset the time to the nearest hour, press the S button.

For example, if the set button is pressed while the time is between 8:00 and 8:29, the display is set to 8:00. If this button is pressed while the time is between 8:30 and 8:59, the display is set to 9:00.

After disconnecting the battery or replacing the fuse, reset the clock.

If you have a hatchback there is a clock located in the Secondary Information Center (SIC), see

Secondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only) on page 175.

Climate Controls

Climate Control System

With this system you can control the heating, cooling and ventilation for your vehicle.

Uplevel shown, Base similar, Hatchback only

150

Uplevel shown, Base similar, Sedan only

Temperature Control: Turn the left knob clockwise or counterclockwise to manually increase or decrease the temperature inside your vehicle. Turn the knob to the blue area for cool air and to the red area for warm air.

9(Fan): Turn the middle knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed. In any setting other than off, the fan will run continuously with the ignition on. The fan must be on in order for the air conditioning compressor

to run.

To change the current mode, select one of the following from the right knob:

Y(Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument panel outlets.

\(Bi-Level): This mode directs about half of the air to the instrument panel outlets, and

then directs the remaining air to the ßoor outlets.

[(Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the ßoor outlets. Some of the air will also be directed to the rear outlets. Be sure to keep the area under the front seats clear to allow the ßow of air to the rear compartment.

The right knob can also be used to select the defog and defrost modes. Information on defogging and defrosting can be found later in this section.

?(Recirculation): This mode keeps outside air from coming into the vehicle. It can be used to prevent outside air and odors from entering your vehicle or to help heat or cool the air inside

your vehicle more quickly.

151

If your vehicle has a recirculation button (uplevel model), press the button to turn the recirculation mode on. When the button is pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on. Press the button again to return to outside air mode.

If your vehicle has a lever (base model), move the lever to choose the recirculation mode.

Using the recirculation mode for extended periods may cause your windows to fog. If this happens, select the defrost mode.

:(Outside Air): This mode brings outside air into the vehicle.

If your vehicle has a recirculation button (uplevel model), press the button until the recirculation mode is turned off. Your vehicle will then return to outside air mode.

If your vehicle has a lever (base model), move the lever to choose the outside air mode.

A/C (Air Conditioning): If your vehicle has air conditioning, follow these steps to use the system. Start the engine and set the fan control knob to the desired speed.

The air conditioning compressor does not operate when the fan control knob is in the off position. Press the A/C button to turn the air conditioning compressor on and off. When the A/C button is pressed, an indicator light in the button will come on to let you know that air conditioning is activated.

On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down.

It also helps the system to operate more efficiently.

For quick cool down on hot days, do the following:

1.Select the vent mode.

2.Select the highest fan speed.

3.Press the A/C button.

4.Select the recirculation mode.

5.Select the coolest temperature.

Using these settings together for long periods of time may cause the air inside of your vehicle to become too dry. To prevent this from happening, after the air in your vehicle has cooled, turn the recirculation mode off.

152

The air conditioning system removes moisture from the air, so you may sometimes notice a small amount of water dripping underneath your vehicle while idling or after turning off the engine. This is normal.

Defogging and Defrosting

Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity or moisture condensing on the cool window glass. This can be minimized if the climate control system is used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost from your windshield. Use the defog mode to clear the windows of fog or moisture and warm the passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog or frost from the windshield more quickly.

For best results, clear all snow and ice from the windshield before defrosting.

Select one of these available modes from the right knob.

0(Defog): This mode directs most of the air to the windshield and the ßoor outlets. A small

amount of air is also directed to the outboard outlets for the side windows and to the instrument panel side outlets. When you select this mode, the system runs the air-conditioningcompressor. To defog the windows faster, turn the temperature control knob clockwise to the warmest setting.

1(Defrost): This mode directs the air to the windshield and the outboard outlets for the side windows. A small amount of air is also directed to the instrument panel side outlets. When you select this mode, the system runs theair-conditioningcompressor. To defrost the windows faster, turn the temperature control knob clockwise to the warmest setting.

Do not drive the vehicle until all windows are clear.

153

Rear Window and Outside Mirror

Defogger

Your vehicle may have a rear window and outside mirror defogger. This feature will only work when the ignition is turned to ON.

The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to remove fog or frost from the rear window. Before using this feature, clear as much snow from the rear window as possible.

<(Rear Window Defogger):Press this button to turn the rear window and outside mirror defogger on or off. An indicator light in the button will come on to let you know that the feature is activated.

If your vehicle does not have air conditioning, the rear window defogger will remain on until the button is pressed again or the engine is turned off.

If your vehicle has air conditioning, the rear window defogger will turn off about 10 minutes after the button is pressed. The defogger can also be turned off by pressing the button again or by turning the engine off.

Notice: Do not use anything sharp on the inside of the rear window. If you do, you could cut or damage the warming grid, and the repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not attach a temporary vehicle license, tape, a decal or anything similar to the defogger grid.

Outlet Adjustment

To open an outlet, press on its cover. Turn the cover to change the direction of the airßow.

Operation Tips

¥Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air inlets at the base of the windshield that may block the ßow of air into your vehicle.

¥Use of non-GMapproved hood deßectors may adversely affect the performance of the system.

¥Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more effectively.

154

Passenger Compartment Air Filter

Your vehicle may have a passenger compartment air Þlter. It is located behind the glove box and can be accessed after removing the glove box from its housing.

The Þlter traps most of the pollen from air entering the module. Like your engineÕs air cleaner/Þlter,

it may need to be changed periodically.

To change the passenger compartment air Þlter, use the following steps:

1.Open the glove box halfway down.

2.Grip the glove box by both the upper and lower sides and pull it out of its housing.

155

3.For hatchback models remove the four screws on the knee bolster and remove the knee bolster.

4.Then reverse the steps to install the new air Þlter and replace the glove box.

View the air ßow arrows on the Þlter before installing to ensure you install the Þlter correctly.

156

Warning Lights, Gages, and

Indicators

This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.

Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you or others from injury.

Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicleÕs functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages, some warning lights come on brießy when you start the engine just to let you know they are working. If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.

Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicleÕs functions. Often gages and warning lights work together to let you know when there is a problem with your vehicle.

When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on as you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manualÕs advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. They are a big help.

157

Instrument Panel Cluster

Your instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running. You will know how fast you are going, how much fuel you are using, and many other things you will need to drive safely and economically.

Your vehicleÕs instrument panel cluster includes indicator warning lights and gages that are explained on the following pages.

158

159

Speedometer and Odometer

Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven in either miles, used in the United States, or kilometers, used in Canada.

Trip Odometer

The trip odometer can record the number of miles, used in the United States, or kilometers, used in Canada, traveled for up to two trips.

You can cycle between the odometer and trip odometers A and B by pressing the reset button located in the lower right area of the speedometer. By pressing the reset button, you can tell how many miles or kilometers have been recorded

on either Trip A or Trip B since you last set the trip odometer back to zero.

To reset each trip odometer to zero, press and hold the reset button. The reset button resets only the trip odometer that is being displayed. Each trip odometer must be reset individually.

Tachometer

Hatchback

Sedan

The tachometer displays your engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).

Notice: If you operate the engine above

6,500 rpm, your vehicle could be damaged, and the damages would not be covered by your warranty. Do not operate the engine with the tachometer above 6,500 rpm.

160

Safety Belt Reminder Light

The safety belt light will come on and stay on until the driverÕs

safety belt is buckled.

If the driverÕs belt is already buckled, the light will not come on.

Safety Belt Reminder Tone

If your vehicle has this feature, a tone will sound for several seconds when the ignition is turned

to ON to remind people to fasten their safety belts. The tone will not sound if the driverÕs safety belt is already buckled.

Airbag Readiness Light

There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument panel cluster, which shows the airbag symbol. The system checks the airbagÕs electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the airbag sensor, the airbag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the airbag system, see Airbag System on page 68.

This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and it will ßash for a few seconds. Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready.

161

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your airbag system may not work properly.

Have your vehicle serviced right away.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the airbag system may not be working properly. The airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.

The airbag readiness light should ßash for a few seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN.

If the light does not come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator

Your vehicle has a passenger airbag status indicator. If you have a sedan, the airbag off symbol will be visible near the clock, located in the center of the instrument panel during the system check. Or, if you have a hatchback, the airbag off symbol will be located in the secondary information center. See

Secondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only) on page 175for location information.

When the ignition key is turned to ON or START, the passenger airbag status indicator will light for several seconds as a system check. Then, after several more seconds, if the off symbol is lit on the passenger airbag status indicator, it means that the passenger sensing system has turned off

the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped).

162

See Passenger Sensing System on page 77for more on this, including important safety information.

If the off symbol is not lit on the passenger airbag status indicator, it means that the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) are enabled (may inßate).

{CAUTION:

If the off symbol in the passenger airbag status indicator does not come on when you have a rear-facingchild restraint installed in the right front passenger’s seat, it means that the passenger sensing system has not turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped). A child in arear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag or airbags inflate. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag or airbags.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Do not use a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger’s seat unless the airbag or airbags have been turned off.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly, because an adult-sizeperson sitting in the right front passenger’s seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped). See

Airbag Readiness Light on page 176for more on this, including important safety information.

163

Charging System Light

The charging system light will come on brießy when you turn on the ignition, and the engine is not running, as a check to show you it is working.

Then it should go out when the engine is started.

If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a problem with the electrical charging system. Have it checked by your dealer. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.

If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be certain to turn off all your accessories, such

as the radio and air conditioner.

Brake System Warning Light

Your vehicleÕs hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part is not working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you need both parts working well.

Hatchback and

U.S. Sedan Only

Canada Sedan

 

If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.

When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will also come on when you set your parking brake. The light will stay on if your parking brake does not fully release. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released, it means you have a brake problem.

164

If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push or the pedal may go closer to the ßoor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See

Towing Your Vehicle on page 257.

{CAUTION:

Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning light is on. Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead to an accident. If the light is still on after you have pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.

Anti-LockBrake System

Warning Light

If your vehicle has an Anti-LockBrake System (ABS), this light will come on when the ignition is turned to

ON and may stay on for several seconds. That is normal.

If the light stays on, turn the ignition to LOCK. If the light comes on, stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine

again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while you are driving, your vehicle needs service. See your dealer.

165

If the regular brake system warning light is not on, you still have brakes, but you do not have anti-lockbrakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also on, you do not haveanti-lockbrakes and there is a problem with your regular brakes. SeeBrake System Warning Light on page 164.

The ABS warning light will come on brießy when you turn the ignition to ON. This is normal. If the light does not come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

Hold Mode Light

If your vehicle has this feature, this light will come on when the hold mode is active.

If the HOLD mode light ßashes, have your vehicle checked. See ÒHold ModeÓ under Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 111 for additional information on this feature.

166

Engine Coolant Temperature Gage

Your vehicle has an engine coolant temperature gage. With the ignition turned to ON, this gage shows the engine coolant temperature.

If the gage pointer moves into the red area, your engine is too hot. It means that your engine coolant has overheated.

If you have been operating your vehicle under normal driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.

See Engine Overheating on page 290.

United States Hatchback

 

Canada Hatchback

 

 

 

 

 

 

167

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

Check Engine Light

Your vehicle has a computer which monitors operation of the fuel, ignition, and emission control systems.

This system is called OBD II (On-BoardDiagnostics-SecondGeneration) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The Check Engine light comes on

to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.

Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after awhile, your emission controls may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good, and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by your warranty.

Notice: Modifications made to the engine, transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your vehicle or replacement tires that do not match your vehicle’s original tires can affect your vehicle’s emission controls and may cause this light to come on. Modifications to these systems could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This may also

result in a failure to pass a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories and Modifications on page 264.

When the ignition is on, this light should come on and should go out after a few seconds as a check to show you it is working. If the light does not come on, have it repaired.

168

This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

¥Light Flashing Ñ A misÞre condition has been detected. A misÞre increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

¥Light On Steady Ñ An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

If the Light Is Flashing

The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle:

¥Reducing vehicle speed

¥Avoiding hard accelerations

¥Avoiding steep uphill grades

If the light stops ßashing and remains on steady, see ÒIf the Light Is On SteadyÓ following.

If the light continues to ßash, when it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see ÒIf the Light Is On SteadyÓ following.

If the light is still ßashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon as possible.

If the Light Is On Steady

You also may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following:

Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?

If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 269. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly installed should turn the light off.

169

Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?

If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.

Have you recently changed brands of fuel?

If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See Gasoline Octane on page 266. Poor fuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this

as stalling after start-up,stalling when you

put the vehicle into gear, misÞring, hesitation on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the light to turn on.

If you experience one or more of these conditions, change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.

If none of the above steps have made the light turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to Þx any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed.

Emissions Inspection and Maintenance

Programs

Some state/provincial and local governments have or may begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.

Here are some things you need to know to help your vehicle pass an inspection:

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the Check Engine light is on or not working properly.

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD (on-boarddiagnostic) system determines that critical emission control systems have not been completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical emission control systems during normal driving. This may take several days of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.

170

Oil Pressure Light

If your vehicle has low engine oil pressure, this light will stay on after you start your engine, or come on when

you are driving.

This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough oil. The engine could be low on oil,

or could have some other oil problem. Have it Þxed immediately by your dealer.

The oil light could also come on in three other situations:

¥When the ignition is on but the engine is not running, the light will come on as a test to show you it is working. The light will go out when you turn the ignition on. If it does not come on with the ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or bulb. Have it Þxed right away.

¥If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a moment. This is normal.

{CAUTION:

Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could be burned. Check your oil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.

Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may damage the engine. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the maintenance schedule in this manual for changing engine oil.

171

Fog Lamp Light

If your vehicle has this feature, the fog lamps light will come on when the fog lamps are in use.

The light will go out when the fog lamps are turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 147 for more information.

Cruise Control Light

If your vehicle has cruise control, this light comes on whenever you set your cruise control.

The light will go out when the cruise control is turned off. See Cruise Control on page 141 for more information.

Highbeam On Light

This light comes on whenever the high-beamheadlamps are on.

See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page 138for additional information.

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

Indicator Light

This light will come on when the Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) are on.

A ßashing DRL light indicates a possible burned out headlamp, or that the vehicle may need service to repair a defective DRL relay. See your dealer.

172

See Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) on page 146for more information.

Door Ajar Light

The door ajar light will come on whenever

a door is opened, regardless of the ignition position.

If the key is in the ignition while the driverÕs door is open, you will also hear a warning chime.

Fuel Gage

United States Hatchback

Canada Hatchback

173

Your fuel gage tells you about how much fuel you have left when the ignition is turned to ON.

When the tank nears empty, the low fuel warning light will come on. You still have a little fuel left, but you should get more soon. See Low Fuel Warning Light on page 174 for more information.

Here are four things that some owners ask about. None of these show a problem with your fuel gage:

¥At the service station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads full.

¥It takes a little more or less fuel to Þll up than the gage indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated the tank was half full,

but it actually took a little more or less than half the tankÕs capacity to Þll the tank.

¥The indicator moves a little when you turn a corner or speed up.

¥The gage goes back to empty when you turn off the ignition.

Low Fuel Warning Light

This light comes on when the vehicle is low on fuel.

The low fuel warning light comes on when there is approximately 1.7 gallons (6.0 liters) of fuel remaining in the tank.

To turn the light off, add fuel to the fuel tank. See Filling the Tank on page 269.

174

Secondary Information Center (SIC)

Secondary Information Center (SIC) (Hatchback Only)

located in the center of the instrument panel, above the center air outlets. The digital clock is also located in the center of the SIC. See Clock (Hatchback Only) on page 176 andInstrument Panel Overview on

page 132 for more information.

175

Clock (Hatchback Only)

Your vehicle has a digital clock. The clock is located in the secondary instrument cluster on the center of the instrument panel, above the center air outlets.

When the ignition is turned to ACC or ON, the time is displayed in the digital clock. There are two adjusting buttons for the digital clock:

H (Hour): To go forward one hour, press the H button once. To go forward more than one hour, press and hold the button until the correct hour is reached.

M (Minute): To go forward one minute, press the M button once. To go forward more than one minute, press and hold the button until the correct minute is reached.

After disconnecting the battery or replacing the fuse, reset the clock.

Safety Belt Reminder Light

The safety belt light will come on and stay on until the driverÕs safety belt is buckled.

This light will come on brießy when you turn on the ignition as a check to show you it is working.

Airbag Readiness Light

There is an airbag readiness light on the secondary information center (SIC), which shows the airbag symbol. The system checks the airbagÕs electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The system check includes the airbag sensor, the airbag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the airbag system, see Airbag System on page 68.

176

This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and it will ßash for a few seconds. Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready.

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start the vehicle or comes on or ßashes when you are driving, your airbag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away by your dealer.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the airbag system may not be working properly. The airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.

The airbag readiness light should ßash for a few seconds when you turn the ignition to ON. If the light does not come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

177

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator (Hatchback)

Your vehicle has passenger airbag status indicator.

United States —

Canada —

Hatchback

Hatchback

If you have a hatchback, the airbag off symbol is visible in the Secondary Information Center (SIC) during the system check.

When the ignition key is turned to ON or START, the passenger airbag status indicator will light

for several seconds as a system check. Then, after several more seconds, if the off symbol is lit on the passenger airbag status indicator, it means that the passenger sensing system has turned off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and

side impact airbag (if equipped). See Passenger Sensing System on page 77 for more on this, including important safety information.

If the off symbol is not lit on the passenger airbag status indicator, it means that the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag and side impact airbag (if equipped) are enabled (may inßate).

178

{CAUTION:

If the off symbol in the passenger airbag status indicator does not come on when you have a rear-facingchild restraint installed in the right front passenger’s seat, it means that the passenger sensing system has not turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped). A child in arear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag or airbags inflate. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag or airbags. Do not use arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger’s seat unless the airbag or airbags have been turned off.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly, because an adult-sizeperson sitting in the right front passenger’s seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag and side airbag (if equipped). See

Airbag Readiness Light on page 176for more on this, including important safety information.

179

Charging System Light

The charging system light will come on brießy when you turn on the ignition, and the engine is not running, as a check to show you it

is working.

Then it should go out when the engine is started.

If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you may have a problem with the electrical charging system. Have it checked by your dealer. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.

If you must drive a short distance with the light on, be certain to turn off all your accessories, such

as the radio and air conditioner.

Anti-LockBrake System

Warning Light

If your vehicle has an Anti-LockBrake System (ABS), this light will come on when the ignition is turned to ON and may stay on for several seconds.

That is normal.

If the light stays on, turn the ignition to LOCK. If the light comes on, stop as soon as possible and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again while you are driving, your vehicle needs service. See your dealer. If the regular brake system warning light is not on, you still have brakes, but you do not have anti-lockbrakes. If the regular brake system warning light is also on, you do not haveanti-lockbrakes and there is a problem with your regular brakes. SeeBrake System Warning Light on page 164.

180

The ABS warning light will come on brießy when you turn the ignition to ON. This is normal. If the light does not come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

Hold Mode Light

If your vehicle has this feature, this light will come on when the hold mode is active.

If the HOLD mode light ßashes, have your vehicle checked. See ÒHold ModeÓ under Automatic Transaxle Operation on page 111 for additional information on this feature.

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

Check Engine Light

Your vehicle has a computer which monitors operation of the fuel, ignition, and emission control systems.

This system is called OBD II (On-BoardDiagnostics-SecondGeneration) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The Check Engine light comes on

to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent.

181

This may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.

Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after awhile, your emission controls may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good, and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by your warranty.

Notice: Modifications made to the engine, transaxle, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your vehicle or replacement tires that do not match your vehicle’s original tires can affect your vehicle’s emission controls and may cause this light to come on. Modifications to these systems could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This may also

result in a failure to pass a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test. See Accessories and Modifications on page 264.

When the ignition is on, this light should come on and should go out after a few seconds

as a check to show you it is working. If the light does not come on, have it repaired.

This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

¥Light Flashing Ñ A misÞre condition has been detected. A misÞre increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

¥Light On Steady Ñ An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

182

If the Light Is Flashing

The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle:

¥Reducing vehicle speed

¥Avoiding hard accelerations

¥Avoiding steep uphill grades

If the light stops ßashing and remains on steady, see ÒIf the Light Is On SteadyÓ following.

If the light continues to ßash, when it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see ÒIf the Light Is On SteadyÓ following.

If the light is still ßashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon as possible.

If the Light Is On Steady

You also may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following:

Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?

If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 269. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly installed should turn the light off.

Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?

If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.

183

Have you recently changed brands of fuel?

If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See Gasoline Octane on page 266. Poor fuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this as stalling afterstart-up,stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misÞring, hesitation on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the light to turn on.

If you experience one or more of these conditions, change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.

If none of the above steps have made the light turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to Þx any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed.

Emissions Inspection and Maintenance

Programs

Some state/provincial and local governments have or may begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.

Here are some things you need to know to help your vehicle pass an inspection:

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the Check Engine light is on or not working properly.

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD (on-boarddiagnostic) system determines that critical emission control systems have not been completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical emission control systems during normal driving. This may take several days of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.

184

Oil Pressure Light

If your vehicle has low engine oil pressure, this light will stay on after you start your engine, or come on when

you are driving.

This indicates that your engine is not receiving enough oil. The engine could be low on oil,

or could have some other oil problem. Have it Þxed immediately by your dealer.

The oil light could also come on in three other situations:

¥When the ignition is on but the engine is not running, the light will come on as a test to show you it is working. The light will go out when you turn the ignition on. If it does not come on with the ignition on, you may have a problem with the fuse or bulb. Have it Þxed right away.

¥If you make a hard stop, the light may come on for a moment. This is normal.

{CAUTION:

Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could be burned. Check your oil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.

Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may damage the engine. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the maintenance schedule in this manual for changing engine oil.

185

Fog Lamp Light

If your vehicle has this feature, the fog lamps light will come on when the fog lamps are in use.

The light will go out when the fog lamps are turned off. See Fog Lamps on page 147 for more information.

Door Ajar Light

The door ajar light will come on whenever a door is opened, regardless of the ignition position.

If the key is in the ignition while the driverÕs door is open, you will also hear a warning chime.

Audio System(s)

Determine which radio your vehicle has and then read the pages following to familiarize yourself with its features.

Driving without distraction is a necessity for a safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on page 220. By taking a few moments to read this manual and get familiar with your vehicleÕs audio system, you can use it with less effort, as well as

take advantage of its features. While your vehicle is parked, set up your audio system by presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the tone and adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite stations using the presets and steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.

186

{CAUTION:

This system provides you with a far greater access to audio stations and song listings. Giving extended attention to entertainment tasks while driving can cause a crash and you or others can be injured or killed. Always keep your eyes on the road and your mind on the drive — avoid engaging in extended searching while driving.

Keeping your mind on the drive is important for safe driving. Here are some ways in which you can help avoid distraction while driving.

While your vehicle is parked:

¥Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.

¥Familiarize yourself with its operation.

¥Set up your audio system by presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite radio stations using the presets and steering wheel controls if the vehicle has them.

Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to your vehicle, such as an audio system, CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone, ortwo-wayradio, make sure that it can be added by checking with your dealer. Also, check federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units. If sound equipment can be added, it is very important to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added.

187

AM-FMRadio (Single Display,

Base Level)

Playing the Radio

O(Power): Press this knob to turn the system on or off.

u(Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease the volume. VOL will appear on

the display.

Finding a Station

AM/FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.

p(Tune): Turn this knob to select radio stations.

t u(Scan): Press this knob until SCAN ßashes on the display, then press either the up or the down arrow buttons to determine the direction for the radio to scan the stations. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either arrow button again to stop scanning.

The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

188

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM/FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons for longer than two seconds.

Ch will appear on the display when the station has been set. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station that was set will return.

5.Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 for each pushbutton.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

f(Bass/Treble): Press this button until BAS appears on the display. Then turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the bass. The display will show the bass level.

Press this button until TRE appears on the display. Then turn the volume knob to increase

or to decrease the treble. The display will show the treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

f(Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press this button until BAL appears on the display. Then turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the balance between the right and the left speakers. The display will show the balance level.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the display. Then turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the fade between the front and the rear speakers. The display will show the fade level.

189

AM-FMRadio (Double Display,

Base Level)

Playing the Radio

O (Power/Volume): Press this knob to turn the system on or off.

Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume.

Press and hold this knob for more than

two seconds to silence the system. Press and release this knob again to turn the sound back on.

The previous volume setting is maintained whenever the radio is turned on. The volume can be adjusted by using the volume knob.

Finding a Station

AM/AUX: Press this button to play an AM station while a portable audio device is playing. Press this button again and the system will begin playing audio from the connected portable audio player.

If a portable audio player is not connected, Òno input device foundÓ will be displayed.

FM: Press this button to switch between FM1 or FM2. The display will show the selection.

¦¥ SEEK: Press the up or down SEEK arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and

stay there.

The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

190

() TUNE: Press the up or down TUNE arrow to go to the next or to the previous radio station.

SCAN: Push and release this button to scan radio stations. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station.

Push this button again to stop scanning.

The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 36 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six FM-Aand six AM1, six AM2, sixAM-A),can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM/AUX to select AM1, AM2, or AM-A.Press FM to select FM1, FM2 orFM-A.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons for longer than two seconds. The channel number (CH#1 through CH#6) will ßash on the display when the station

has been set. Whenever that numbered preset button is pressed, the station that was set

will return.

5.Repeat the Þrst four steps for each preset button.

AST (Automatic Store): Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception in the region can be automatically stored. Press the AST button for longer than one second. The display will show AUTO SCANNING and then SCANNING will ßash on display. Once the stations are stored, the radio will switch to FM1 and the Þrst preset station will begin to play.FM-Awill appear on the display when listening to the automatic stored stations. Press the AM or FM button to cancel automatic store.

Order of Sound Function

The order for displayed sound function is BASS, MID, TRE, FAD, BAL, EQ OFF, and VOL.

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Setting the Tone (Bass/Midrange/Treble)

SOUND (Bass/Midrange/Treble): Press this button until BAS appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the bass. The display will show the bass level. When Þnished making the selection, press this button to select the bass level.

Press this button until MID appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the midrange. The display will show

the midrange level. When Þnished making the selection, press this button to select the midrange level.

Press this button until TRE appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the treble. The display will show the treble level. When Þnished making the selection, press this button to select the treble level. If a station is weak or there is static, decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press this button until BAL appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease. The display will show the balance level. When Þnished making the selection, press this button to select the balance level.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press this button until FAD appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to

increase or to decrease the fade between the front and the rear speakers. The display will show the fade level. When Þnished making the selection, press this button to select the fade level.

192

Setting the EQ (Equalization)

SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until EQ OFF appears on the display to select customized equalization settings designed for

classic, dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice, and techno. Turn the power/volume knob until the desired equalization setting appears on the display. When Þnished making the selection, press the SOUND button to select the equalization setting.

To cancel an equalization setting, press the SOUND button until EQ OFF appears on the display, turn the power/volume knob until OFF appears on the display, then press the SOUND button again to select the equalization setting.

Order of Sound Function

The order for displayed sound function is EQ OFF, CLASSIC, DANCE, ROCK, JAZZ, POP, VOICE, TECHNO, and EQ OFF.

Using the Auxiliary Input Jack

AUX IN (Auxiliary Input): Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack located on the lower right side of the faceplate. This is not an audio output; do not plug the headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack. You can however, connect an external audio device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD changer, or XMª receiver, etc. to the auxiliary input jack for use as another source for audio listening.

The auxiliary input jack will also accept cell phone connectors. Plug the cell phone connector into the auxiliary input jack to hear the other side of a cell phoneÕs conversation through the vehicle sound system.

Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary device while the vehicle is in park (P). See

Defensive Driving on page 220for more information on driver distraction.

193

To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable to the radioÕs front auxiliary input jack. When a device is connected, turn the portable audio player on. Press and hold the radio AM/AUX button for more than two seconds or until audio from the device begins to play over the car speakers.

O (Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume of the portable player. You may need to do additional volume adjustments from the portable device if the volume is not loud or soft enough.

AM/AUX: Press this button to listen to the radio while a portable audio device is playing. The portable audio device will continue playing, so you may want to stop it or turn it off.

Radio with CD (MP3/WMA)

Playing the Radio

O (Power/Volume): Press and release this knob to turn the system on or off.

Turn the power/volume knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume.

Press this button for longer than two seconds to mute the system.

194

Finding a Station

AM: Press this button to switch to an AM station. The display shows the selection.

FM: Press this button to switch to an FM station. The display shows the selection.

() TUNE: Press this button to select radio stations.

Press the up arrows to increase or the down arrows to decrease the radio frequencies.

¦ ¥ SEEK: Press this button to seek radio stations.

Press the up arrows to seek the next radio station or the down arrows to seek the previous radio station.

SCAN/AST: Press this button to scan radio stations. The radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds, then goes to the next station. Press this button again to stop scanning.

The radio only scans stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

AST (Automatic Store)

Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception in the region can be automatically stored. Press the AST button for more than two seconds. The display shows AUTO SCANNING and then SCANNING ßashes on the display. Once the stations are stored, the radio switches to FM1 and the Þrst preset station begins to play. FM-Aappears on the display while listening to the automatic stored stations. Press the AM or FM button to cancel automatic store.

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 24 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six AM1, and six AM2), can be programmed on the six numbered buttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press the AM or FM button to select FM1, FM2, AM1 or AM2.

3.Tune in the desired station.

195

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons for more than two seconds. The preset button number one through six ßashes on the display when the station has been set. Whenever that numbered preset button is pressed, that preset station returns.

5.Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 for each preset button.

Order of Sound Function

The order for displayed sound function is BASS, TRE, BAL, FADE, EQ OFF, and VOL (Bass, Treble, Fade, Balance, Equalization Off,

and Volume).

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

SOUND (Bass/Treble): Press this button until BAS (bass) appears on the display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the bass. The display shows the bass level. After making the selection, press this button to set the bass level selection.

Press this button until TRE (treble) appears on the display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the treble. The display shows the treble level. After making the selection, press this button to set the treble level selection. If a station is weak or has static, decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press this button until BAL (balance) appears on the display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease. The display shows the balance level. After making the selection, press this button to set the balance level.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press this button until FAD (fade) appears on the display. Turn the volume knob to increase or to decrease the fade between the front and the rear speakers. The display shows the fade level. After making the selection, press this button to set the fade level.

196

Setting the Equalization

The order for displayed customized equalization settings are EQ OFF, CLASSIC, DANCE, ROCK, JAZZ, POP, VOICE, TECHNO, EQ OFF.

SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until EQ OFF (equalization) appears on the

display to select customized equalization settings designed for classic, dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice and techno. Turn the volume knob until the desired equalization setting appears on

the display. After making the selection, press the SOUND button to set the equalization setting.

To cancel an equalization setting, press the SOUND button until EQ OFF appears on the display, turn the volume knob until OFF appears on the display, then press the SOUND button again to set the equalization setting.

Playing a CD

Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player pulls it in and the CD should begin playing. Insert a CD with the ignition off.

When a CD is inserted, CDP appears on the display. As the CD is loading, Filecheck appears on the display. As each new track starts to play, Track and the track number appears on the display.

If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in the player and the ignition is turned on, the radio must be turned on before the CD starts playback. When the ignition and radio are turned on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

197

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. There may be an increase in skipping, difficulty

in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page 217 for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

2 RPT (Repeat): Press this button to repeat the current track. RPT appears on the display. Press this button again to turn off repeat play.

3 RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM appears on the display. Press this button again to turn off random play.

4 INT (Scan): Press this button to listen to the Þrst few seconds of each track on each loaded CD. INTRO appears on the display. To stop scanning press this button again. The current track

begins to play.

()TUNE (Previous/Next Track):Press the down arrows to go to the start of the current track or press the up arrows to go to the next track. The track number appears on the display. The player continues moving backward or forward through the CD with each press of the up or down arrows.

AM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a CD is playing. The inactive CD remains safely inside the radio for future listening.

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FM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a CD is playing. The inactive CD remains safely inside the radio for future listening.

CD/AUX: Press this button to play a CD while listening to the radio. CDP appears on the display when the CD player has been selected. The CD symbol appears on the display when a CD is loaded.

Press this button while a CD is playing to pause the CD. PAUSE ßashes on the display. Press this button again to start playing the CD.

EJECT: Press this button to eject a CD. This is the only way a CD can be ejected from the player. The CD can eject when the ignition or the radio

is turned off.

Playing an MP3/WMA CD-RDisc

If you have a radio with a single CD (MP3), it is capable of playing an MP3/WMA CD-Rdisc. For more information on how to play an MP3/WMACD-Rdisc, seeUsing an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on page 208 orUsing an MP3 (Radio with Six-Disc Player) on page 212 later in this section.

CD Messages

CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

¥It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

¥You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smoother, the CD should play.

¥The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

¥The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

¥The format of the CD may not be compatible. See Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on page 208 orUsing an MP3 (Radio with Six-Disc Player) on page 212 later in this section.

¥There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

¥The label may be caught in the CD player.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

199

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem.

Using the Auxiliary Input Jack

Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack located on the lower right side of the faceplate. This is not an audio output. Do not plug the headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack. You can however, connect an external audio device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD changer, or cassette tape player, etc. to the auxiliary input jack for use as another source for audio listening.

The auxiliary input jack also accepts cell phone connectors. Plug the cell phone connector into the auxiliary input jack to hear a person speaking

on a cell phone during conversation through the vehicle sound system.

Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See

Defensive Driving on page 220for more information on driver distraction.

To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable to the radioÕs front auxiliary input jack. When a device is connected, turn the portable audio player on and press the radio CD/AUX button to hear audio from the device over the car speakers.

CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button once to play a CD while a portable audio device is playing. Press this button a second time for the system to begin playing audio from the connected portable audio player. Once in this mode, ÒAuxinputÓ appears on the display. If the auxiliary jack does not detect the presence of an output jack, the auxiliary mode does not display.

O(Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume of the portable player. Additional adjustments on a portable device may need

to be made to get the desired volume.

200

Radio with Six-DiscCD (MP3/WMA)

Playing the Radio

O (Power/Volume): Press and release this knob to turn the system on or off.

Turn the power/volume knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume.

Press and hold this knob for more than

two seconds to silence the system. Press and release this knob again to turn the sound back on.

Finding a Station

AM: Press this button to switch to an AM station. The display shows the selection.

FM: Press this button to switch to an FM station. The display shows the selection.

() TUNE: Press this button to select radio stations.

Press the up arrows to increase or the down arrows to decrease the radio frequencies.

¦ ¥ SEEK: Press this button to seek radio stations.

Press the up arrows to seek the next radio station or the down arrows to seek the previous radio station.

SCAN/AST: Press this button to scan radio stations. The radio goes to a station, plays for a few seconds, then goes to the next station. Press this button again to stop scanning.

The radio only scans stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

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AST (Automatic Store)

Six FM1 preset stations with the strongest reception in the region can be automatically stored. Press the AST button for more than one second. The display shows AUTO SCANNING and then SCANNING ßashes on the display. Once the stations are stored, the radio switches to FM1 and the Þrst preset station begins to play. FM-Aappears on the display while listening to the automatic stored stations. Press the AM or FM button to cancel automatic store.

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 36 stations (six FM1, six FM2, six FM-A,six AM1, six AM2, and sixAM-A),can be programmed on the six numbered buttons,

by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press the AM or FM button to select FM1, FM2, FM-A,AM1, AM2, orAM-A.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons for more than two seconds.

The channel number (CH#1 through CH#6) ßashes on the display when the station

has been set. Whenever that numbered preset button is pressed, that preset station returns.

5.Repeat the Steps 1 through 4 for each preset button.

Order of Sound Function

The order for displayed sound function is BASS, TRE, FAD, BAL, EQ OFF, and VOL (Bass, Treble, Fade, Balance, Equalization Off, and Volume).

Setting the Tone (Bass/Midrange/Treble)

SOUND (Bass/Midrange/Treble): Press this button until BAS (bass) appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the bass. The display shows the bass level. After making the selection, press this button to select the bass level.

Press this button until MID (midrange) appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the midrange. The

display shows the midrange level. After making the selection, press this button to select the midrange level.

202

Press this button until TRE (treble) appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the treble. The display shows the treble level. After making the selection, press this button to select the treble level. If a station is weak or has static, decrease the treble.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

SOUND (Balance/Fade): To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press this button until BAL (balance) appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the balance. The display shows the balance level. After making the selection, press this button to select the balance level.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press this button until FAD (fade) appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob to increase or to decrease the fade between the front and the rear speakers. The display shows the fade level. After making the selection, press this button to select the fade level.

Setting the EQ (Equalization)

SOUND (Equalization): Press this button until EQ OFF (equalization) appears on the display to select customized equalization settings designed for classic, dance, rock, jazz, pop, voice, and techno. Turn the power/volume knob until

the desired equalization setting appears on the display. After making the selection, press the SOUND button to select the equalization setting.

To cancel an equalization setting, press the SOUND button until EQ OFF appears on the display. Turn the power/volume knob until OFF appears on the display, then press the SOUND button again to select the equalization setting.

Order of Sound Function

The order for displayed sound function is EQ OFF, CLASSIC, DANCE, ROCK, JAZZ, POP, VOICE, TECHNO, and EQ OFF.

203

Playing a CD(s)

LOAD: Press this button to load CDs into the CD player. This CD player holds up to six CDs.

1.Press and release the load button. A message to select a slot number from 1 through 6 appears on display.

2.Press the desired slot number. Wait for the message to insert the disc.

3.Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player pulls the CD in.

To insert multiple CDs, do the following:

1.Press and hold the load button for two seconds. A beep will sound and a

message to load multiple discs displays.

2.Follow the displayed instruction on when to insert the discs. The CD player takes up to six CDs.

3.Press the LOAD button again to cancel loading more CDs.

As each CD is inserted, CDP appears on the display. As each CD is loading, Filecheck appears on the display.

Once playback begins, the track and track number appears on the display.

If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in the player and the ignition is turned on, the radio must be turned on before the current CD starts playback. When the ignition and radio are turned on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. There may be an increase in skipping, difficulty

in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page 217 for more information.

204

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free

of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

2 RPT (Repeat): Press this button to repeat the current track. RPT appears on the display. Press this button again to turn off repeat play.

3 RDM (Random): Press this button to hear the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM appears on the display.

To play tracks from all CDs loaded in a six-discCD player in random order, press this button until a message that all discs are randomized is

displayed. Press the same button again to turn off random play.

4 INT (Scan): Press this button to listen to the Þrst few seconds of each track on each loaded CD. INTRO appears on the display. To stop scanning press this button again. The current track begins to play.

5 DSC (Previous CDC): Press this button to go back to the start of the previous CDC.

6 DSC + (Next CDC): Press this button to go forward to the start of the next CDC.

()TUNE (Previous/Next Track):Press the down arrows to go to the start of the current track or press the up arrows to go to the next track. The track number appears on the display. The player continues moving backward or forward through the CD with each press of the up or down arrows.

AM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside the radio for future listening.

205

FM: Press this button to listen to the radio while a CD is playing. The inactive CD remains inside

the radio for future listening.

CD/AUX: Press this button to play a CD while listening to the radio. CDP appears on the display when the CD player has been selected. The

CD symbol appears on the display when a CD is loaded.

Press this button while a CD is playing to pause the CD. PAUSE ßashes on the display. Press this button again to start playing the CD.

EJECT: Press this button to eject the CD. Press and hold this button to eject all CDs. This is

the only way a CD can be ejected from the player. The CD can eject when the ignition or the radio

is turned off.

Playing an MP3/WMA CD-RDisc

If you have a radio with a six-discCD player,

it is capable of playing an MP3/WMA CD-Rdisc. For more information on how to play an MP3/WMA disc, seeUsing an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on page 208 orUsing an MP3 (Radio with Six-Disc Player) on page 212 later in this section.

CD Messages

CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

¥It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

¥You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smoother, the CD should play.

¥The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

¥The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

¥The format of the CD may not be compatible. See Using an MP3 (Radio with CD Player) on page 208 orUsing an MP3 (Radio with Six-Disc Player) on page 212 later in this section.

¥There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

¥The label may be caught in the CD player.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

206

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem.

Using the Auxiliary Input Jack

AUX IN (Auxiliary Input): Your radio system has an auxiliary input jack located on the lower right side of the faceplate. This is not an audio output. Do not plug the headphone set into the front auxiliary input jack. You can however, connect an external audio device such as an iPod, laptop computer, MP3 player, CD changer, or XMª receiver, etc. to the auxiliary input jack for use as another source for audio listening.

The auxiliary input jack also accepts cell phone connectors. Plug the cell phone connector into the auxiliary input jack to hear a person speck on a cell phone during a conversation through the vehicle sound system.

Drivers are encouraged to set up any auxiliary device while the vehicle is in PARK (P). See

Defensive Driving on page 220for more information on driver distraction.

To use a portable audio player, connect a 3.5 mm (1/8 inch) cable to the radioÕs front auxiliary input jack. When a device is connected, turn the portable audio player on and press the radio CD/AUX button to hear audio from the device over the car speakers.

O(Power/Volume): Turn this knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the volume of the portable player. Additional adjustments on a portable device may need

to be made to get the desired volume.

CD/AUX (CD/Auxiliary): Press this button once to play a CD while a portable audio device is playing. Press this button a second time for the system to begin playing audio from the connected portable audio player. Once in this mode, ÒAuxinputÓ appears on the display. If the auxiliary jack does not detect the presence of an output jack, the auxiliary mode does not display.

207

Using an MP3

(Radio with CD Player)

MP3/WMA CD-RDisc

MP3 Format

If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a personal computer:

¥Make sure the MP3/WMA Þles are recorded on a CD-Rdisc.

¥Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA Þles on one disc.

¥Make sure each MP3/WMA Þle has a .m3u or .wma extension, other Þle extensions may not work.

¥Files can be recorded with a variety of Þxed or variable bit rates. Song title, artist name, and album are available for display by the radio when recorded using ID3 tags version 1 and 2.

¥Create a folder structure that makes it easy to Þnd songs while driving. Organize songs by albums using one folder for each album. Each folder or album should contain 18 songs

or less.

¥Make sure to Þnalize the disc when burning an MP3/WMA disc, using multiple sessions. It is usually better to burn the disc all at once.

The player is able to read and play a maximum of 50 folders, Þve sessions, and 999 Þles. Long Þle names and folder names may use more disc memory space than necessary. To conserve space on the disc, minimize the length of the Þle and folder names. You can also play an MP3/WMA CD that was recorded using no Þle folders. The system can support up to eight folders in depth, though, keep the depth of the folders to a minimum in order to keep down the complexity and confusion in trying to locate a particular folder during playback. If a CD contains more than the maximum of 50 folders, Þve sessions, and 999 Þles, the player lets you access and navigate up to the maximum, but all items over the maximum is ignored.

Root Directory

The root directory is treated as a folder. If the root directory has compressed audio Þles, the directory is displayed as ROOT. All Þles contained directly under the root directory are accessed prior to any other directory.

208

Empty Directory or Folder

If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the Þle structure that contains only folders/ subfolders and no compressed Þles directly beneath them, the player advances to the next

folder in the Þle structure that contains compressed audio Þles. The empty folder does not display.

No Folder

When a CD contains only compressed Þles, the Þles are located under the root folder. The next and previous folder function does not function on a CD that was recorded without folders or playlists. When displaying the name of the folder the radio displays ROOT.

When a CD contains only compressed audio Þles, but no folders, all Þles are located under the root folder. When the radio displays the name of the folder, the radio displays ROOT.

Order of Play

Tracks are played in the following order:

¥Playback begins from the Þrst track under the root directory.

¥When all tracks from the root directory have played, playback continues from Þles, according to their numerical listing.

¥After playing the last track from the last folder, the player begins playing again at the Þrst track of the Þrst folder or root directory.

File System and Naming

The song name in the ID3 tag is displayed. If the song name is not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays the Þle name without the extension (such as MP3/WMA) instead.

Track names longer than 32 characters or four pages are shortened. Parts of words on the last page of text and the extension of the Þlename does not display.

209

Playing an MP3/WMA

With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player pulls it in, Loading, then Filecheck, and then MP3 or WMA appears on the display. The CD should begin playing. You cannot insert a CD with the ACC (accessory) off.

As each new track starts to play, the track number, and the song name appears on the display.

If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in the player and the ignition is turned on, the radio must be turned on before the CD starts playback. When the ignition and radio are turned on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled.

There may be an increase in skipping, difficulty in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page 217 for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

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All of the CD functions work the same while playing an MP3/WMA, except for those listed here. See ÒPlaying a CDÓ earlier for more information.

SCROLL (MP3/WMA Mode Only): Press the SOUND button for longer than two seconds. The song title or other available information of a song scrolls on/off. The offset is scroll on. The scroll mode can be changed only when the SOUND button is pressed for longer than two seconds.

DIR (Directory): Press this button to repeat the tracks in the current directory. DIR appears on the display.

Press this button again to repeat the tracks in all of the directories. ALL appears on the display.

Press this button again to turn off repeat play.

¦ ¥ SEEK (Previous/Next Folder) (in MP3/ WMA Mode):Press the up or down arrows to change the folder. If CD-R does not have any folder, ÒROOTÓ ßashes on the display for a short time.

()TUNE (Previous/Next Track):Press the down arrows to go to the start of the current track or press the up arrows to go to the next track. The track number appears on the display. The player continues moving backward or forward through the CD with each press of the up or down arrows.

INFO/DISP (Information/Display): Press this button to display additional text information related to the current MP3/WMA song. A choice of additional information such as: Song Title,

Album Title, and Artist. Bit rate may also appear on display.

When information is not available, No Info (information) appears on the display.

Press this button for longer than two seconds to change display mode.

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Using an MP3 (Radio with

Six-DiscPlayer)

MP3/WMA CD-RDisc

MP3 Format

If you burn your own MP3/WMA disc on a personal computer:

¥Make sure the MP3/WMA Þles are recorded on a CD-Rdisc.

¥Do not mix standard audio and MP3/WMA Þles on one disc.

¥Make sure each MP3/WMA Þle has a .m3u or .wma extension, other Þle extensions may not work.

¥Files can be recorded with a variety of Þxed or variable bit rates. Song title, artist name, and album are available for display by the radio when recorded using ID3 tags version 1 and 2.

¥Create a folder structure that makes it easy to Þnd songs while driving. Organize songs by albums using one folder for each album. Each folder or album should contain 18 songs

or less.

¥Make sure to Þnalize the disc when burning an MP3/WMA disc, using multiple sessions. It is usually better to burn the disc all at once.

The player is able to read and play a maximum of 50 folders, Þve sessions, and 999 Þles. Long Þle names and folder names may use more disc memory space than necessary. To conserve space on the disc, minimize the length of the Þle and folder names. You can also play an MP3/WMA CD that was recorded using no Þle folders. The system can support up to eight folders in depth, though, keep the depth of the folders to a minimum in order to keep down the difficulty and confusion in trying to locate a particular folder during playback. If a CD contains more than the maximum of 50 folders, Þve sessions, and 999 Þles, the player lets you access and navigate up to the maximum, but all items over the maximum is ignored.

Root Directory

The root directory is treated as a folder. If the root directory has compressed audio Þles, the directory is displayed as ROOT. All Þles contained directly under the root directory are accessed prior to any other directory.

212

Empty Directory or Folder

If a root directory or a folder exists somewhere in the Þle structure that contains only folders/ subfolders and no compressed Þles directly beneath them, the player advances to the next

folder in the Þle structure that contains compressed audio Þles. The empty folder does not display.

No Folder

When a CD contains only compressed Þles, the Þles are located under the root folder. The next and previous folder function does not function on a CD that was recorded without folders or playlists. When displaying the name of the folder the radio displays ROOT.

When a CD contains only compressed audio Þles, but no folders, all Þles are located under the

root folder. When the radio displays the name of the folder, the radio displays ROOT.

Order of Play

Tracks is played in the following order:

¥Playback begins from the Þrst track under the root directory.

¥When all tracks from the root directory have played, playback continues from Þles, according to their numerical listing.

¥After playing the last track from the last folder, the player begins playing again at the Þrst track of the Þrst folder or root directory.

File System and Naming

The song name in the ID3 tag is displayed. If the song name is not present in the ID3 tag, then the radio displays the Þle name without the extension (such as MP3/WMA) instead.

Track names longer than 32 characters or four pages are shortened. Parts of words on the last page of text and the extension of the Þlename does not display.

213

Playing an MP3/WMA

With the ignition on, insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player pulls it in, Loading, then Filecheck, and then MP3 or WMA appears on the display. The CD should begin playing. You cannot insert a CD with the ACC (accessory) off.

As each new track starts to play, the track number, and the song name appears on the display.

If the ignition or radio is turned off with a CD in the player, it stays in the player. When a CD is in the player and the ignition is turned on, the radio must be turned on before the CD starts playback. When the ignition and radio are turned on, the CD starts playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled.

There may be an increase in skipping, difficulty in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page 217 for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free

of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

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All of the CD functions work the same while playing an MP3/WMA, except for those listed here. See ÒPlaying a CDÓ earlier for more information.

SCROLL (MP3/WMA Mode Only): Press

the SOUND button for longer than two seconds. The song title and other available information of the song scrolls on/off. The offset is scroll on. The scroll mode can be changed only when the SOUND button is pressed for longer than two seconds.

1 DIR (Directory): Press this button to repeat the tracks in the current directory. DIR appears on the display.

Press this button again to repeat the tracks in all of the directories. ALL appears on the display.

Press this button again to turn off repeat play.

¦ ¥ SEEK (Previous/Next Folder) (in MP3/ WMA Mode):Press the up or down arrows to change the folder. If CD-R does not have any folder, ÒROOTÓ ßashes on the display for a short time.

()TUNE (Previous/Next Track):Press the down arrows to go to the start of the current track or press the up arrows to go to the next track. The track number appears on the display. The player continues moving backward or forward through the CD with each press of the up or down arrows.

INFO/DISP (Information/Display): Press this button to display additional text information related to the current MP3/WMA song. A choice of additional information such as: Song Title, Album Title, and Artist. Bit rate may also appear on display.

When information is not available, No Info (information) appears on the display.

Press this button for longer than two seconds to change display mode.

215

Audio Steering Wheel Controls

Steering Wheel Controls

Volume Control

If your vehicle has this feature, some audio controls can be adjusted at the steering wheel. They include the following:

PWR (Power): Press this button to turn the audio system on or off.

Press and hold this button for less than

two seconds to silence the system. Press and release this button again to turn the sound back on.

+ VOLUME : Press the toggle bar located below the + VOLUME − to adjust the volume. Press

the left side of the toggle bar, below the + (plus) sign to increase the volume. Press the right side of the toggle bar, below the − (minus) sign to decrease the volume.

SEEK: Press and release this button within 0.5 seconds to go to the next preset station.

Press and hold this button for longer than 0.5 seconds to go to the next radio station. The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

When playing a CD, press and release this button within 0.5 seconds to go to the next track. Press and hold this button for longer than 0.5 seconds to fast forward through the tracks.

MODE: Press and release this button to select FM1, FM2,FM-A,AM1, AM2,AM-A,or CD (MP3). Press and release this button multiple times to cycle through the audio playback options that are available on your vehicle.

216

Radio Reception

You may experience frequency interference and static during normal radio reception if items such as cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience accessories, and external electronic devices are plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is interference or static, unplug the item from the accessory power outlet.

AM

The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause station frequencies to interfere with each other. For better radio reception, most AM radio stations will boost the power levels during the day, and then reduce these levels during the night. Static can also occur when things like storms and power lines interfere with radio reception. When this happens, try reducing the treble on your radio.

FM Stereo

FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.

Care of Your CDs

Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly or not at all. If the surface of a CD is soiled, take a soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process starts from the center to the edge.

Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.

Care of the CD Player

The use of CD lens cleaners for CD players is not advised, due to the risk of contaminating the internal lens of the CD optics with lubricants.

217

Fixed Mast Antenna (Hatchback)

The Þxed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, replace it.

Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still tightened to the antenna base located on the roof of the vehicle. If tightening is required, tighten

by hand.

Backglass Antenna (Sedan)

The AM-FMantenna is integrated with the rear window defogger, located in the rear window. Make sure that the inside surface of the rear window is not scratched and that the lines on the glass are not damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could interfere with radio reception. Also, for proper radio reception, the antenna connector at thetop-centerof the rear window needs to be properly attached to the post on the glass.

Notice: Do not apply aftermarket glass tinting with metallic film. The metallic film in some tinting materials will interfere with or distort the incoming radio reception.

Any damage caused to your backglass antenna due to metallic tinting materials will not be covered by your warranty.

Notice: Using a razor blade or sharp object to clear the inside rear window may damage the rear window antenna and/or the rear window defogger. Repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not clear the inside rear window with sharp objects.

Because this antenna is built into your rear window, there is a reduced risk of damage caused by car washes and vandals.

If static is heard on the radio, when the rear window defogger is turned on, it could mean that a defogger grid line has been damaged. If this is true, the grid line must be repaired.

If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your vehicle, and the antenna needs to be attached to the glass, make sure that you do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FMantenna. There is enough space between the lines to attach a cellular telephone antenna without interfering with radio reception.

218

Section 4 Driving Your Vehicle

Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle ....

220

Defensive Driving ......................................

220

Drunken Driving ........................................

221

Control of a Vehicle ..................................

224

Braking ......................................................

224

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) ..................

225

Braking in Emergencies .............................

227

Steering ....................................................

227

Off-Road Recovery ....................................

230

Passing .....................................................

230

Loss of Control ..........................................

232

Driving at Night .........................................

233

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ............

234

City Driving ...............................................

237

Freeway Driving ........................................

238

Before Leaving on a Long Trip ..................

239

Highway Hypnosis .....................................

240

Hill and Mountain Roads ...........................

240

Winter Driving ...........................................

242

If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand,

 

Mud, Ice, or Snow .................................

247

Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out ...........

248

Loading Your Vehicle ................................

248

Towing ........................................................

257

Towing Your Vehicle .................................

257

Recreational Vehicle Towing ......................

257

Towing a Trailer ........................................

259

219

Your Driving, the Road, and

Your Vehicle

Defensive Driving

The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.

Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone on page 19.

{CAUTION:

Defensive driving really means “Be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads, or expressways, it means “Always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do and be ready. Rear-endcollisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving task makes proper defensive driving more difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help do these things, or pull off the road in a safe place to do them. These simple defensive driving techniques could save your life.

220

Drunken Driving

Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It is the number

one contributor to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year.

Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:

¥Judgment

¥Muscular Coordination

¥Vision

¥Attentiveness

Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-relateddeaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking and driving. In recent years, more than 16,000 annual motorvehicle-relateddeaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.

Many adults Ñ by some estimates, nearly half the adult population Ñ choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it is against the law in

every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological, and developmental reasons for these laws.

The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is Òtoo muchÓ if someone plans

to drive? It is a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem.

The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things:

¥The amount of alcohol consumed

¥The drinkerÕs body weight

¥The amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking

¥The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol

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According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2ounces (45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.

It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the personÕs BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person who consumes food

just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.

There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight will when each has the same number of drinks.

The law in most U.S. states, and throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is 0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.

The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the person drinks them.

222

But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!

The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. ÒI will be carefulÓ is not the right answer. What if

there is an emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?

A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.

There is something else about drinking and driving that many people do not know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a personÕs system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking Ñ driver or passenger Ñ is in a crash, that personÕs chance of being killed or permanently disabled is

higher than if the person had not been drinking.

{CAUTION:

Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness, and judgment can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you are with a group, designate a driver who will not drink.

223

Control of a Vehicle

You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering, and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.

Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications on page 264.

Braking

See Brake System Warning Light on page 164.

Braking action involves perception time and reaction time.

First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.

Average reaction time is about three-fourthsof a second. But that is only an average. It might

be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight

all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and frustration. But even in three-fourthsof a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels

66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is important.

And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is pavement or gravel; the condition of the road, whether it is wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the condition of the brakes; the weight of the vehicle; and the amount of brake force applied.

224

Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts Ñ heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking Ñ rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. The brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops.

The brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with

the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better braking and longer brake life.

If your vehicleÕs engine ever stops while you are driving, brake normally but do not pump the brakes. If you do, the pedal may get harder

to push down. If the engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is

used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications on page 264.

Anti-LockBrake System (ABS)

Your vehicle may have the Anti-LockBrake System (ABS), an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid.

If your vehicle has ABS, this warning light will come on brießy when you start your vehicle.

The warning light is on the instrument panel cluster for a sedan. See Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 180. For hatchback models, the warning light is on the Secondary Information Center (SIC). SeeAnti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 180.

225

Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what happens with ABS:

A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each wheel.

ABS can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle while braking hard.

As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.

226

Remember: ABS does not change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal

or always decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you

have ABS.

Using ABS

Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down Þrmly and let anti-lockwork for you. You may feel a slight brake pedal pulsation or notice some noise, but this is normal.

Braking in Emergencies

At some time, nearly every driver gets into a situation that requires hard braking.

If you have ABS, you can steer and brake at the same time. However, if you do not have ABS, your Þrst reaction Ñ to hit the brake pedal hard and hold it down Ñ may be the wrong thing to do. Your wheels can stop rolling. Once they do, the vehicle cannot respond to your steering.

Momentum will carry it in whatever direction it was headed when the wheels stopped rolling. That could be off the road, into the very thing you were trying to avoid, or into traffic.

If you do not have ABS, use a ÒsqueezeÓ braking technique. This will give you maximum braking while maintaining steering control. You can do this by pushing on the brake pedal with steadily increasing pressure.

In an emergency, you will probably want to squeeze the brakes hard without locking the wheels. If you hear or feel the wheels sliding, ease off the brake pedal. This will help you retain steering control. If you do have ABS, it is different. See Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on page 225.

In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking.

Steering

Power Steering

If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

227

Steering Tips

It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.

A lot of the Òdriver lost controlÓ accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves.

Here is why:

Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.

The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.

Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly apply the brakes. Both control systems Ñ steering and braking Ñ have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Unless you have four-wheelanti-lockbrakes, adding the hard braking can demand too much of those places. You can lose control.

The same thing can happen if you are steering through a sharp curve and you suddenly accelerate. Those two control systems Ñ steering and acceleration Ñ can overwhelm those

places where the tires meet the road and make you lose control.

What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the brake or accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.

Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.

If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.

Try to adjust your speed so you can ÒdriveÓ through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into

the straightaway.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications on page 264.

228

Steering in Emergencies

There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and Þnd a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or

a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid

these problems by braking Ñ if you can stop in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room. That is the time for evasive action Ñ steering around the problem.

Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes Ñ but, unless you have anti-lockbrakes, not enough to lock your wheels.

See Braking on page 224. It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or right depending on the space available.

An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 oÕclock positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.

The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.

229

Off-RoadRecovery

You may Þnd that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are driving.

If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarterturn until the right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.

Passing

The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lanehighway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?

Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lanehighway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents Ñ thehead-oncollision.

So here are some tips for passing:

¥Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides, and to crossroads for situations

that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making

a successful pass, wait for a better time.

230

¥Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

¥Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you are following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.

¥When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do not get too close. Time

your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a running start that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity.

¥If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone is not trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

¥Check your vehicleÕs mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass.

When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your vehicleÕs inside mirror, activate the right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. Remember that your vehicleÕs passenger side outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.

¥Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-laneroads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.

¥Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not ßashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn.

¥If you are being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.

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Loss of Control

Let us review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems Ñ brakes, steering, and acceleration Ñ do not have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.

In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.

Skidding

In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving those conditions. But skids are always possible.

The three types of skids correspond to your vehicleÕs three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.

A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.

If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may

straighten out. Always be ready for a second skid if it occurs.

Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel, or other material is on the road.

For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to these conditions. It is important

to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited.

While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or braking, including reducing vehicle speed by shifting to a lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues Ñ such as enough water, ice, or packed snow on the road to make a mirrored surface Ñ and slow down when you have any doubt.

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If you have the Anti-LockBrake System (ABS), remember: It helps avoid only the braking skid. If you do not have ABS, then in a braking skid, where the wheels are no longer rolling, release enough pressure on the brakes to get the wheels rolling again. This restores steering control. Push the brake pedal down steadily when you

have to stop suddenly. As long as the wheels are rolling, you will have steering control.

Driving at Night

Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely to

be impaired Ñ by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.

Here are some tips on night driving.

¥Drive defensively.

¥Do not drink and drive.

¥Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps behind you.

¥Since you cannot see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles.

¥Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your vehicleÕs headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.

¥In remote areas, watch for animals.

¥If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.

No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase.

A 50-year-olddriver may require at least twice as much light to see the same thing at night as a20-year-old.

What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example, if you spend the

day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a

lot of things invisible.

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You can be temporarily blinded by approaching headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjust

to the dark. When you are faced with severe glare, as from a driver who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into

the approaching headlamps.

Keep the windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean Ñ inside and out. Glare at night is made much worse by dirt on the glass. Even

the inside of the glass can build up a Þlm caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and ßash more than clean glass would, making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.

Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from night blindness Ñ the inability to see in dim light Ñ and are not even aware of it.

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads

Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well because your tire-to-roadtraction is not as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reßexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.

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The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even people walking.

It is wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer ßuid reservoir Þlled with washer ßuid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs

of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.

{CAUTION:

Wet brakes can cause accidents. They may not work as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.

After driving through a large puddle of water or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally.

Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going through some car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before you hit them.

Hydroplaning

Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.

Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road. If you can see reßections from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the waterÕs surface, there could be hydroplaning.

Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.

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Driving Through Deep Standing Water

Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing water, water can come in through your engine’s air intake and badly damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive through them very slowly.

Driving Through Flowing Water

{CAUTION:

Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces. If you try to drive through flowing water, as you might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore police warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive through flowing water.

Some Other Rainy Weather Tips

¥Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted by road spray.

¥Have good tires with proper tread depth. See

Tires on page 319.

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City Driving

One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You will want

to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals.

Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:

¥Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an unknown part of the city just as you would for a cross-countrytrip.

¥Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You will save time and energy. See Freeway Driving on page 238.

¥Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough to need it. When a light turns green, and just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not cleared the intersection or may be running the red light.

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Freeway Driving

Mile for mile, freeways Ñ also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways Ñ are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.

The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fastortoo-slowdriving breaks a smooth traffic ßow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.

At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with the ßow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic ßow.

Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it

is slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.

Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal.

Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in your blind spot.

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Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable following distance.

Expect to move slightly slower at night.

When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the next exit.

The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply. The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going slower than you actually are.

Before Leaving on a Long Trip

Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when you are not fresh Ñ such as after a dayÕs work Ñ do not plan to make too many miles that Þrst part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you can easily drive in.

Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before starting out.

Of course, you will Þnd experienced and able service experts in GM dealerships all across North America. They will be ready and willing to help

if you need it.

Here are some things you can check before a trip:

¥Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir

full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?

¥Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?

¥Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?

¥Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?

¥Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,trouble-freetrip. Is the tread good enough forlong-distancedriving? Are the tires

all inßated to the recommended pressure?

¥Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system?

¥Maps: Do you haveup-to-datemaps?

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Highway Hypnosis

Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.

There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured.

What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can happen.

Then here are some tips:

¥Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior.

¥Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your instruments frequently.

¥If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service, or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as an emergency.

Hill and Mountain Roads

Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in ßat or rolling terrain.

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If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.

¥Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all ßuid levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system, and transaxle. These parts can work hard on mountain roads.

{CAUTION:

If you do not shift down, your brakes could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your engine assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.

{CAUTION:

Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to do all the work of slowing down. They could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine running and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.

¥Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or long hill.

¥Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear possible.

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¥Stay in your own lane when driving on two-laneroads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane.

¥As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.

¥You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passingzones, a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.

Winter Driving

Here are some tips for winter driving:

¥Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.

¥You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your trunk.

Also see Tires on page 319.

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Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washer ßuid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a ßashlight, a red cloth, and a couple of reßective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag of sand, a

piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.

Driving on Snow or Ice

Most of the time, those places where the tires meet the road probably have good traction.

However, if there is snow or ice between the tires and the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip, and will need to be very careful.

What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on.

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But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about freezing, 32¡F (0¡C), and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving

on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.

Whatever the condition Ñ smooth ice, packed, blowing, or loose snow Ñ drive with caution.

Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even more.

Unless you have the Anti-LockBrake System (ABS), you will want to brake very gently, too. If you do have ABS, seeAnti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on page 225. This system improves

your vehicleÕs stability when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Whether you have ABS or not, you will want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. Without ABS, if

you feel your vehicle begin to slide, let up on the brakes a little. Push the brake pedal down steadily to get the most traction you can.

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Remember, unless you have ABS, if you brake so hard that your wheels stop rolling, you will just slide. Brake so your wheels always keep rolling and you can still steer.

¥Whatever your braking system, allow greater following distance on any slippery road.

¥Watch for slippery spots. The road might be Þne until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the

sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of trees, behind buildings, or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.

If You Are Caught in a Blizzard

If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation. You should probably stay

with your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help and you can hike through the

snow. Here are some things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:

¥Turn on your hazard ßashers.

¥Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you have been stopped by the snow.

¥Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you. If you do not have blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, ßoor

mats Ñ anything you can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.

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You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.

{CAUTION:

Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill you. You cannot see it or smell it, so you might not know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from around the base of your vehicle, especially any that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check around again from time to time to be sure snow does not collect there.

Open a window just a little on the side of the vehicle that is away from the wind. This will help keep CO out.

Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery charged.

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You will need a well-chargedbattery to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.

Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only when you

feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as

you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until help comes.

If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice, or Snow

In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as rocking can help you get out when you are stuck, but you must use caution.

{CAUTION:

If you let your vehicle’s tires spin at high speed, they can explode, and you or others could be injured. And, the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine compartment fire or other damage. When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not spin the wheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.

Notice: Spinning the wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you

spin the wheels too fast while shifting

the transaxle back and forth, you can destroy the transaxle. See Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out on page 248.

For information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 335.

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Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out

First, turn the steering wheel left and right. That will clear the area around the front wheels.

Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, or with a manual transaxle, between FIRST (1) or SECOND (2) and REVERSE (R), spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transaxle is in gear. By slowly spinning the wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking motion that may free your vehicle. If that does not get your vehicle out

after a few tries, it may need to be towed out. If your vehicle does need to be towed out, see

Towing Your Vehicle on page 257.

Loading Your Vehicle

It is very important to know how much weight your vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight or maximum load amount

and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installedoptions. Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it may properly carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and the CertiÞcation label.

{CAUTION:

Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, and it can change the way your vehicle handles. These could cause you to lose control and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

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Tire and Loading Information

Label - United States

The tire and loading information label also shows the tire size of the original equipment tires (C) and the recommended cold tire inßation pressures (D). For more information on tires and inßation see Tires on page 319 and

Inflation - Tire Pressure on page 326.

There is also important loading information on the CertiÞcation label. See ÒCertiÞcation LabelÓ later in this section.

Label Example

A vehicle speciÞc Tire and Loading Information label is attached to the vehicleÕs center pillar (B-pillar).With the driverÕs door open, you will Þnd the label attached below the door lock post (striker). The tire and loading information label shows the number of occupant seating positions (A), and the maximum vehicle capacity weight (B) in kilograms and pounds.

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Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit

1.Locate the statement The combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbsÒ on your vehicleÕs placard.

2.Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

3.Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.

4.The resulting Þgure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the ÒXXXÓ amount equals 1400 lbs and there will be Þve 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs (1400 - 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).

5.Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

6.If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle.

Your vehicle is neither designed nor intended to tow a trailer.

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