GMC 2006 Savana User Manual

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2006 GMC Savana Owner Manual M

Seats and Restraint Systems ...........................

1-1

Front Seats ...............................................

1-3

Rear Seats ...............................................

1-7

Safety Belts .............................................

1-10

Child Restraints .......................................

1-32

Airbag System .........................................

1-65

Restraint System Check ............................

1-81

Features and Controls .....................................

2-1

Keys ........................................................

2-2

Doors and Locks .......................................

2-7

Windows .................................................

2-14

Theft-Deterrent Systems ............................

2-17

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ...........

2-17

Mirrors ....................................................

2-28

Storage Areas .........................................

2-30

Instrument Panel .............................................

3-1

Instrument Panel Overview ..........................

3-4

Climate Controls ......................................

3-17

Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ........

3-23

Audio System(s) .......................................

3-43

Driving Your Vehicle .......................................

4-1

Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle

..... 4-2

Towing ...................................................

4-35

Service and Appearance Care ..........................

5-1

Service .....................................................

5-3

Fuel .........................................................

5-5

Checking Things Under the Hood ...............

5-10

All-Wheel Drive ........................................

5-43

Rear Axle ...............................................

5-44

Front Axle ...............................................

5-44

Noise Control System ...............................

5-45

Bulb Replacement ....................................

5-46

Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement .........

5-51

Tires ......................................................

5-52

Appearance Care .....................................

5-84

Vehicle IdentiÞcation .................................

5-92

Electrical System ......................................

5-93

Capacities and SpeciÞcations .....................

5-98

Maintenance Schedule .....................................

6-1

Maintenance Schedule ................................

6-2

Customer Assistance and Information ..............

7-1

Customer Assistance and Information ...........

7-2

Reporting Safety Defects ...........................

7-13

Index ................................................................

1

GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, GMC, the GMC Truck Emblem, and the name SAVANA are registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.

This manual includes the latest information at the time it was printed. We reserve the right to make changes after that time without further notice. For vehicles Þrst sold in Canada, substitute the name ÒGeneral Motors

of Canada LimitedÓ for GMC whenever it appears in this manual.

Keep this manual in the vehicle, so it will be there if it is needed while you are on the road. If the vehicle is sold, leave this manual in the vehicle.

Litho in U.S.A.

Part No. 06 SAVANA A First Printing

Canadian Owners

A French language copy of this manual can be obtained from your dealer or from:

Helm, Incorporated

P.O. Box 07130

Detroit, MI 48207

How to Use This Manual

Many people read the owner manual from beginning to end when they Þrst receive their new vehicle. If this

is done, it can help you learn about the features

and controls for the vehicle. Pictures and words work together in the owner manual to explain things.

Index

A good place to quickly locate information about the vehicle is the Index in the back of the manual. It is an alphabetical list of what is in the manual and the page number where it can be found.

© 2005 General Motors Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

ii

Safety Warnings and Symbols

There are a number of safety cautions in this book. We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore the warning.

{CAUTION:

These mean there is something that could hurt you or other people.

In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these cautions. If you do not,

you or others could be hurt.

You will also Þnd a circle with a slash through it in this book. This safety symbol means ÒDo Not,Ó ÒDo Not do thisÓ or ÒDo Not let this happen.Ó

iii

Vehicle Damage Warnings

Also, in this manual you will Þnd these notices:

Notice: These mean there is something that could damage your vehicle.

A notice tells about something that can damage the vehicle. Many times, this damage would not be covered by your vehicleÕs warranty, and it could be costly. But the notice will tell what to do to help avoid the damage.

When you read other manuals, you might see CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different colors or in different words.

There are also warning labels on the vehicle. They use the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.

Vehicle Symbols

The vehicle has components and labels that use symbols instead of text. Symbols are shown along with the text describing the operation or information relating to a speciÞc component, control, message, gage, or indicator.

If you need help Þguring out a speciÞc name of a component, gage, or indicator, reference the following topics:

¥Seats and Restraint Systems in Section 1

¥Features and Controls in Section 2

¥Instrument Panel Overview in Section 3

¥Climate Controls in Section 3

¥Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators in Section 3

¥Audio System(s) in Section 3

¥Engine Compartment Overview in Section 5

iv

These are some examples of symbols that may be found on the vehicle:

v

NOTES

vi

Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

Front Seats ......................................................

1-3

Manual Seats ................................................

1-3

Power Seat ...................................................

1-4

Reclining Seatbacks ........................................

1-5

Rear Seats .......................................................

1-7

Rear Seat Operation .......................................

1-7

Safety Belts ...................................................

1-10

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone ................

1-10

Questions and Answers About Safety Belts ......

1-14

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly .................

1-15

Driver Position ..............................................

1-15

Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment .....................

1-22

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy ..................

1-23

Right Front Passenger Position .......................

1-23

Center Passenger Position (3rd, 4th

 

and 5th Row) ............................................

1-24

Center Passenger Position (2nd Row) ..............

1-25

Rear Outside Passenger Positions ..................

1-25

Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ....................

1-28

Safety Belt Pretensioners ...............................

1-31

Safety Belt Extender .....................................

1-31

Child Restraints .............................................

1-32

Older Children ..............................................

1-32

Infants and Young Children ............................

1-35

Child Restraint Systems .................................

1-38

Where to Put the Restraint .............................

1-42

Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children

 

(LATCH) ..................................................

1-44

Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside

 

Seat Position or the Second Row Center

 

Seat Position ............................................

1-51

Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat

 

Position (3rd, 4th, and 5th Row) ..................

1-54

Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front

 

Seat Position (With Passenger Sensing

 

System) ...................................................

1-56

Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front

 

Seat Position (With Airbag Off Switch) ..........

1-60

1-1

Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems

Airbag System ...............................................

1-65

Where Are the Airbags? ................................

1-67

When Should an Airbag Inßate? .....................

1-68

What Makes an Airbag Inßate? .......................

1-70

How Does an Airbag Restrain? .......................

1-70

What Will You See After an Airbag Inßates? .....

1-70

Airbag Off Switch ..........................................

1-71

Passenger Sensing System ............................

1-74

Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle ...........

1-79

Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped

 

Vehicle ....................................................

1-80

Restraint System Check ..................................

1-81

Checking the Restraint Systems ......................

1-81

Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash ...1-81

1-2

Front Seats

Manual Seats

{CAUTION:

You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is moving. The sudden movement could startle and confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you do not want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when the vehicle is not moving.

Lift the bar located under the front of the seat to unlock it. Slide the seat to where you want it and release

the bar. Try to move the seat with your body to be sure the seat is locked in place.

1-3

Power Seat

If your vehicle has front power seat(s), you can adjust them with these controls located at the front center

of the seat cushion.

To raise or lower the seat, move the center knob up or down. To move the seat forward or rearward, move the center knob toward the right or left.

To raise or lower the front of the seat cushion, move the right lever up or down. To raise or lower the rear of

the seat cushion, move the left lever up or down.

1-4

Reclining Seatbacks

To adjust the seatback, lift the front of the lever located on the inboard side of the seat cushion.

Move the seatback to the desired position and release the lever to lock the seatback.

{CAUTION:

If the seatback is not locked, it could move forward in a sudden stop or crash. That could cause injury to the person sitting there. Always push and pull on the seatback to be sure it is locked.

Lean forward and pull up on the front of the lever and the seatback will go to an upright position.

1-5

{CAUTION:

Sitting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can be dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts cannot do their job when you are reclined like this.

The shoulder belt cannot do its job because it will not be against your body. Instead, it will be in front of you. In a crash, you could go into it, receiving neck or other injuries.

The lap belt cannot do its job either. In a crash, the belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at your pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.

For proper protection when the vehicle is in motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit well back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly.

Do not have a seatback reclined if your vehicle is moving.

1-6

Rear Seats

Rear Seat Operation

Removing the Rear Seat

1. Disconnect the quick release latch plates for the lap shoulder belts on the bench seat to be removed. To do this, press the tip of a key into the release hole of the safety belt buckle while pulling up on the safety belt.

2.Locate the pins. There are two pins located on the inboard sides of the rear seats. If the vehicle has ßoor mats, the pins will be located under a ßap that has been cut into the mat.

¥The driverÕs side pin has a gray cap with a black ÒLÓ marked on it.

1-7

¥The passengerÕs side pin has a black cap with a white ÒRÓ marked on it.

3.Pull the pin handle up to disengage the pin from the retaining clip, then pull the pin out.

4.Repeat this procedure for the pin on the other seat base.

5.Pull the seat rearward about 2 inches (5 cm) and then lift the seat from the ßoor rails.

6.Remove the seat from the vehicle.

7. For the Þrst row rear seat, stow the safety belt latch by attaching the clip on the safety belt latch to the trim just inside the side door. For the remaining rear seats, stow the safety belt latch plate on the clip at the window trim.

Replacing the Rear Seats

{CAUTION:

A seat that is not locked into place properly can move around in a collision or sudden stop. People in the vehicle could be injured. Be sure to lock the seat into place properly when installing it.

1-8

{CAUTION:

A safety belt that is improperly routed, not properly attached, or twisted will not provide the protection needed in a crash. The person wearing the belt could be seriously injured. After raising the rear seatback, always check to be sure that the safety belts are properly routed and attached, and are not twisted.

1.Position the seat into the open slots in both rails. Push the seat forward in the rail, hooking both seat bases onto the pins inside of the rails.

2.To install the locking pins at the rear of the seat base, locate the hole in the rail for the pin. It is found on the inboard side of the seat. If the vehicle has ßoor mats, pull the ßap that has been cut

into the mat.

3.Insert the locking pin into the seat base and push the seat to line up with the pin with the base. The pin with the black cap marked ÒRÓ must be installed on the passengerÕs side and the pin with the gray cap marked ÒLÓ on the driverÕs side.

4.Push the pin with the black cap marked ÒRÓ down until it is in the retaining clip.

1-9

5.Push the pin with the gray cap marked ÒLÓ down until it is in the retaining clip.

6.If the vehicle has a ßoor mat, put the ßap back to its original position.

7.Repeat this procedure for the other seat base.

8.Connect the quick-releaselatch plates for thelap-shoulderbelts by inserting the latch plates into the buckles attached at the outboard positions of the bench seat. Do not twist the belt.

9.Check that all locking pins are locked into place before operating the vehicle.

Safety Belts

Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone

This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts properly. It also tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.

{CAUTION:

Do not let anyone ride where he or she cannot wear a safety belt properly. If you are in a crash and you are not wearing a safety belt, your injuries can be much worse. You can hit things inside the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously injured or killed. In the same crash, you might not be, if you are buckled up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.

1-10

{CAUTION:

It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a safety belt properly.

Your vehicle has indicators to remind you and your passengers to buckle your safety belts. See Safety Belt Reminder Light on page 3-26 andPassenger Safety Belt Reminder Light on page 3-26.

In most states and in all Canadian provinces, the law says to wear safety belts. Here is why: They work.

You never know if you will be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you do not know if it will be a bad one.

A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so serious that even buckled up, a person would not survive. But most crashes are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt or killed.

After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does matter...a lot!

Why Safety Belts Work

When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.

Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it is just a seat on wheels.

1-11

Put someone on it.

Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider

 

does not stop.

1-12

The person keeps going until stopped by something.

or the instrument panel...

In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield...

 

1-13

or the safety belts!

With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does. You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones take the forces. That is why safety belts make such good sense.

Questions and Answers About

Safety Belts

Q: Will I be trapped in the vehicle after an accident if I am wearing a safety belt?

A: Youcould be Ñ whether you are wearing a safety belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt, even if you are upside down. And your chance of being conscious during and after an accident,

so you can unbuckle and get out, ismuch greater if you are belted.

Q: If my vehicle has airbags, why should I have to wear safety belts?

A: Airbags are in many vehicles today and will be in most of them in the future. But they are supplemental systems only; so they workwith safety belts Ñ not instead of them. Every airbag system ever offered for sale has required the use of safety belts. Even if you are in a vehicle that has airbags, you still have to buckle up to get the most protection. That is true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and other collisions.

1-14

Q: If I am a good driver, and I never drive far from home, why should I wear safety belts?

A: You may be an excellent driver, but if you are in an accident Ñ even one that is not your fault Ñ you and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver does not protect you from things beyond your control, such as bad drivers.

Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the greatest number of serious injuries and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph (65 km/h).

Safety belts are for everyone.

How to Wear Safety Belts Properly

This part is only for people of adult size.

Be aware that there are special things to know about safety belts and children. And there are different rules for smaller children and babies. If a child will be

riding in your vehicle, see Older Children on page 1-32 orInfants and Young Children on page 1-35.Follow those rules for everyoneÕs protection.

First, you will want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.

We will start with the driver position.

Driver Position

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The driver has a lap-shoulderbelt. Here is how to wear it properly.

1.Close and lock the door.

2.Adjust the seat so you can sit up straight. To see how, see ÒSeatsÓ in the Index.

3.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

1-15

4.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.

Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-31.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.Move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the height that is right for you. See Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment on page 1-22.

6.To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or crash.

1-16

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is too loose. It will not give nearly as much protection this way.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

1-17

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The belt is buckled in the wrong place.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash, the belt would go up over your abdomen. The belt forces would be there, not at the pelvic bones. This could cause serious internal injuries. Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest you.

1-18

Q: What is wrong with this?

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if your belt goes over an armrest like this. The belt would be much too high. In a crash, you can slide under the belt. The belt force would then be applied at the abdomen, not at the pelvic bones, and that could cause serious or fatal injuries. Be sure the belt goes under the armrests.

A: The belt is over an armrest.

1-19

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should be worn over the shoulder at all times.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash, your body would move too far forward, which would increase the chance of head and neck injury. Also, the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which are not as strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure internal organs like your liver or spleen.

1-20

Q: What is wrong with this?

A: The belt is twisted across the body.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In a crash, you would not have the full width of the belt to spread impact forces. If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it can work properly, or ask your dealer to fix it.

1-21

To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle. The belt should go back out of the way.

Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage

both the belt and your vehicle.

Shoulder Belt Height Adjustment

Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt height adjuster to the height that is right for you.

Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be away from your face and neck, but not falling off your shoulder.

To move it down, pull on the center adjuster control labeled PULL. You can move the height adjuster up just by pushing up

on the shoulder belt guide.

After you move the height adjuster to where you want it, try to move it down without pushing in to make sure it has locked into position.

1-22

Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy

Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be seriously injured if they do not wear safety belts.

The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it is more likely that the fetus will not be hurt in a crash. For pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making safety belts effective is wearing them properly.

Right Front Passenger Position

To learn how to wear the right front passengerÕs safety belt properly, see Driver Position on page 1-15.

The right front passengerÕs safety belt works the same way as the driverÕs safety belt Ñ except for one

thing. If you ever pull the shoulder portion of the belt out all the way, you will engage the child restraint locking feature. If this happens, just let the belt go back all

the way and start again.

A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulderbelt, and the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.

1-23

Center Passenger Position (3rd, 4th and 5th Row)

Lap Belt

If your vehicle has third, fourth or Þfth row bench seats, someone can sit in the center positions.

When you sit in a center seating position in the third, fourth or Þfth row, you have a lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt longer, tilt the latch

plate and pull it along the belt.

To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until the belt is snug.

Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap part of a lap-shoulderbelt. If the belt isnÕt long

enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page1-31.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt

quickly if you ever had to.

1-24

Center Passenger Position

(2nd Row)

If your vehicle has a second row bench seat, someone can sit in the center position. When you sit in the center position in the second row bench seat, you have a lap-shoulderbelt which works the same way as the rear seat outside passengersÕ belts. To learn how

to wear a lap-shoulderbelt see,ÒLap-ShoulderBeltÓ underRear Outside Passenger Positions on page 1-25.

Rear Outside Passenger Positions

ItÕs very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up! Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the

rear seat are hurt more often in crashes than those who are wearing safety belts.

Rear passengers who arenÕt safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strike others in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.

Lap-ShoulderBelt

The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulderbelts. Here is how to wear alap-shoulderbelt properly.

1.Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you. Do not let it get twisted.

1-25

2.Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks. Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.

When the shoulder belt is pulled out all the way,

it will lock. If it does, let the belt go back all the way and start again.

If the belt is not long enough, see Safety Belt Extender on page 1-31.

Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

3. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.

1-26

The safety belt locks if there is a sudden stop or a crash.

{CAUTION:

You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a crash, you would move forward too much, which could increase injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your body.

The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies force to the strong pelvic bones. And you would be less likely to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

1-27

To unlatch the belt, push the button on the buckle.

Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides

Rear safety belt comfort guides may provide added safety belt comfort for older children who have outgrown booster seats and for some adults. When installed on

a shoulder belt, the comfort guide positions the belt away from the neck and head.

There is one guide for each outside passenger position in the rear seats. Here is how to install a comfort guide and use the safety belt:

1.Locate the guide in a pocket on the side of the seatback.

1-28

2.Place the guide over the belt and insert the two edges of the belt into the slots of the guide.

3.Be sure the belt is not twisted and it lies ßat. The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide on top.

1-29

{CAUTION:

A safety belt that is not properly worn may not provide the protection needed in a crash. The person wearing the belt could be seriously injured. The shoulder belt should go over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the body are best able to take belt restraining forces.

4.Buckle, position, and release the safety belt as described in Rear Outside Passenger Positions on page 1-25.Make sure that the shoulder belt crosses the shoulder.

To remove and store the comfort guides, squeeze the belt edges together so that you can take them out of the guides. Slide the guide into its storage pocket on the side of the seatback.

1-30

Safety Belt Pretensioners

Your vehicle has safety belt pretensioners for the driver and right front passenger. Although you cannot see them, they are located on the buckle end of the safety belts. They help the safety belts reduce a personÕs forward movement in a moderate to severe frontal and near frontal crash.

Pretensioners work only once. If they activate in a crash, you will need to get new ones, and probably other new parts for your safety belt system. See Replacing Restraint System Parts After a Crash on page 1-81.

Safety Belt Extender

If the vehicleÕs safety belt will fasten around you, you should use it.

But if a safety belt is not long enough, your dealer will order you an extender. It is free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so

the extender will be long enough for you. To help avoid personal injury, do not let someone else use it, and

use it only for the seat it is made to Þt. The extender has been designed for adults. Never use it for securing

child seats. To wear it, just attach it to the regular safety belt. For more information, see the instruction sheet that comes with the extender.

1-31

Child Restraints

Older Children

Older children who have outgrown booster seats should wear the vehicleÕs safety belts.

If you have the choice, a child should sit in a seating position that has a lap-shoulderbelt to get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.

Q: What is the proper way to wear safety belts?

A: If possible, an older child should wear alap-shoulderbelt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide. The shoulder belt should not cross the face or neck. The lap belt should Þt snugly below the hips, just touching the top of the thighs. It should never be worn over the abdomen, which could cause severe or even fatal internal injuries in a crash.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear seat.

In a crash, children who are not buckled up can strike other people who are buckled up, or can be thrown out of the vehicle. Older children need to use safety belts properly.

1-32

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here two children are wearing the same belt. The belt can not properly spread the impact forces. In a crash, the two children can be crushed together and seriously injured. A belt must be used by only one person at a time.

Q: What if a child is wearing alap-shoulderbelt, but the child is so small that the shoulder belt is very close to the child’s face or neck?

A: If the child is seated in a rear outside seat position, move the child toward the center of the vehicle. Also seeRear Safety Belt Comfort Guides on page 1-28.If the child is sitting in the second row center seat position, move the child toward the safety belt buckle. In either case, be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the childÕs shoulder, so that in a crash the childÕs upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very close to the childÕs face or neck, you might want to place the child in a seat that has a lap belt, if your vehicle has one.

1-33

{CAUTION:

Never do this.

Here a child is sitting in a seat that has a lap-shoulderbelt, but the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wears the belt in this way, in a crash the child might slide under the belt. The belt’s force would then be applied right on the child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or fatal injuries.

Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching the childÕs thighs. This applies belt force to the childÕs pelvic bones in a crash.

1-34

Infants and Young Children

Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! This includes infants and all other children. Neither the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler changes the need, for everyone, to use safety restraints. In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in every Canadian province says children up to some age must be restrained while in a vehicle.

Every time infants and young children ride in vehicles, they should have the protection provided by appropriate restraints. Young children should not use the vehicleÕs adult safety belts alone, unless there is no other choice. Instead, they need to use a child restraint.

{CAUTION:

People should never hold a baby in their arms while riding in a vehicle. A baby does not weigh much — until a crash. During a crash a baby will become so heavy it is not possible to hold it. For example, in a crash at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12 lb (5.5 kg) baby will suddenly become a 240 lb (110 kg) force on a person’s arms. A baby should be secured in an appropriate restraint.

1-35

{CAUTION:

Children who are up against, or very close to, any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer protection for adults and older children, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide.

Q: What are the different types ofadd-onchild restraints?

A: Add-onchild restraints, which are purchased by the vehicleÕs owner, are available in four basic types. Selection of a particular restraint should take

into consideration not only the childÕs weight, height and age but also whether or not the restraint will be compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will be used.

For most basic types of child restraints, there are many different models available. When purchasing a child restraint, be sure it is designed to be used

in a motor vehicle. If it is, the restraint will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards.

The restraint manufacturerÕs instructions that come with the restraint, state the weight and height limitations for a particular child restraint. In addition, there are many kinds of restraints available for children with special needs.

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{CAUTION:

Newborn infants need complete support, including support for the head and neck. This is necessary because a newborn infant’s neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a rear-facingseat settles into the restraint, so the crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part of an infant’s body, the back and shoulders. Infants always should be secured in appropriate infant restraints.

{CAUTION:

The body structure of a young child is quite unlike that of an adult or older child, for whom the safety belts are designed. A young child’s hip bones are still so small that the vehicle’s regular safety belt may not remain low on the hip bones, as it should. Instead, it may settle up around the child’s abdomen. In a crash, the belt would apply force on a body area that is unprotected by any bony structure. This alone could cause serious or fatal injuries. Young children always should be secured in appropriate child restraints.

1-37

Child Restraint Systems

An infant car bed (A), a special bed made for use in a motor vehicle, is an infant restraint system designed to restrain or position a child on a continuous ßat surface. Make sure that the infantÕs head rests toward the center of the vehicle.

A rear-facinginfant seat (B) provides restraint with the seating surface against the back of the infant. The harness system holds the infant in place and, in a crash, acts to keep the infant positioned in the restraint.

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A forward-facingchild seat(C-E)provides restraint for the childÕs body with the harness and also sometimes with surfaces such asT-shapedorshelf-likeshields.

A booster seat (F-G)is a child restraint designed to improve the Þt of the vehicleÕs safety belt system. Some booster seats have a shoulder belt positioner, and somehigh-backbooster seats have aÞve-pointharness. A booster seat can also help a child to see out the window.

1-39

Q: How Should I Use a Child Restraint?

A: A child restraint system is any device designed for use in a motor vehicle to restrain, seat, or position children. Abuilt-inchild restraint system is a permanent part of the motor vehicle. Anadd-onchild restraint system is a portable one, which

is purchased by the vehicleÕs owner. To help reduce injuries, an add-onchild restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Withbuilt-inoradd-onchild restraints, the child has to be secured within the child restraint.

When choosing an add-onchild restraint, be sure the child restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that it meets federal motor vehicle safety standards. Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may Þnd these instructions on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both.

Securing an Add-onChild Restraint in

the Vehicle

{CAUTION:

A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash if the child restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle. Make sure the child restraint is properly installed in the vehicle using the vehicle’s safety belt or LATCH system, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

To help reduce the chance of injury, the child restraint must be secured in the vehicle. Child restraint systems must be secured in vehicle seats by lap belts or the lap belt portion of a lap-shoulderbelt, or by the LATCH system. SeeLower Anchors and Tethers for Children

(LATCH) on page 1-44 for more information. A child can be endangered in a crash if the child restraint is not properly secured in the vehicle.

1-40

When securing an add-onchild restraint, refer to the instructions that come with the restraint which may be on the restraint itself or in a booklet, or both, and to this manual. The child restraint instructions are important, so if they are not available, obtain a replacement copy from the manufacturer.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure

any child restraint in your vehicle Ñ even when no child is in it.

Securing the Child Within the Child

Restraint

There are several systems for securing the child within the child restraint. One system, the three-pointharness, has straps that come down over each of the

infantÕs shoulders and buckle together at the crotch. The Þve-pointharness system has two shoulder straps,

two hip straps, and a crotch strap. A shield may take the place of hip straps. A T-shapedshield has shoulder straps that are attached to a ßat pad which rests

low against the childÕs body. A shelfor armrest-typeshield has straps that are attached to a wide,shelf-likeshield that swings up or to the side.

{CAUTION:

A child can be seriously injured or killed in a crash if the child is not properly secured in the child restraint. Make sure the child is properly secured, following the instructions that came with that restraint.

Because there are different systems, it is important to refer to the instructions that come with the restraint.

A child can be endangered in a crash if the child is not properly secured in the child restraint.

1-41

Where to Put the Restraint

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General Motors recommends that child restraints

be secured in a rear seat including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.

Never put a child in a rear-facingchild restraint in

the right front passenger seat unless your vehicle has the passenger sensing system or an airbag off

switch and the passenger airbag status indicator or the airbag off light shows off. Never put a rear facing

child restraint in the right front passenger seat unless the airbag is off.

If your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, there is a label on your

sun visor that says, ″ Never put a rear-facingchild seat in the front.″ This is because the risk to therear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

Even though the passenger sensing system or the airbag off switch is designed to turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

1-42

If your vehicle does not have a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, never put a child in arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger seat the unless passenger airbag status indicator shows off. Never put a rear facing child restraint in the right front passenger seat unless the airbag is off. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Be

sure the airbag is off before using a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position.

Even though the passenger sensing system or the airbag off switch is designed to turn off the right front passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend that rear-facingchild restraints be transported in vehicles with a rear seat that will accommodate arear-facingchild restraint, whenever possible.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

If your vehicle has the passenger sensing system or the airbag off switch and you need to secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passengerÕs seat,

the passengerÕs frontal airbag must be off. See

Passenger Sensing System on page1-74, Airbag Off Switch on page1-71,Securing a Child Restraint in

the Right Front Seat Position (With Passenger Sensing System) on page1-56or Securing a Child Restraint

in the Right Front Seat Position (With Airbag Off Switch) on page1-60for more on this including important safety information.

1-43

Wherever you install a child restraint, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.

Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure

any child restraint in your vehicle Ñ even when no child is in it.

Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH)

Your vehicle has the LATCH system. The LATCH system holds a child restraint during driving or in a crash. This system is designed to make installation of a child restraint easier. The LATCH system uses anchors in the vehicle and attachments on the child restraint that are made for use with the LATCH system

Make sure that a LATCH-compatiblechild restraint is properly installed using the anchors, or use

the vehicleÕs safety belts to secure the restraint, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

When installing a child restraint with a top tether, you must also use either the lower anchors or the safety belts to properly secure the child restraint. A child restraint must never be installed using only the top tether strap and anchor.

In order to use the LATCH system in your vehicle, you need a child restraint equipped with LATCH attachments. The child restraint manufacturer will provide you with instructions on how to use the child restraint and its attachments. The following explains how to attach a child restraint with these attachments in

your vehicle.

Your vehicle has lower anchors and top tether anchors. Your child restraint may have lower attachments and

a top tether.

Not all vehicle seating positions or child restraints have lower anchors and attachments or top tether anchors and attachments.

1-44

Lower Anchors

Top Tether Anchor

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lower anchors (A) are metal bars built into the vehicle. There are two lower anchors for each LATCH seating position that will accommodate a child restraint with lower attachments (B).

A top tether (A, C) anchors the top of the child restraint to the vehicle. A top tether anchor is built into the vehicle. The top tether attachment (B) on the child restraint connects to the top tether anchor in the vehicle in order to reduce the forward movement and rotation of the child restraint during driving or in a crash.

Your child restraint may have a single tether (A) or a dual tether (C). Either will have a single attachment (B) to secure the top tether to the anchor.

Some top tether-equippedchild restraints are designed for use with or without the top tether being attached. Others require the top tether always to be attached.

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In Canada, the law requires that forward-facingchild restraints have a top tether, and that the tether be attached. In the United States, some child restraints also have a top tether. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for your child restraint.

If the child restraint does not have a top tether, one can be obtained, in kit form, for many child restraints. Ask the child restraint manufacturer whether or not a kit

is available.

Lower Anchor and Top Tether Anchor

Locations

i (Top Tether Anchor): Seating positions with top tether anchors.

j (Lower Anchor): Seating positions with two lower anchors.

Second Row

See the information following for installing a child restraint with a top tether in the second row center position.

Do not install three child restraints in the rear seat and never install two top tethers using the same top

tether anchor.

i (Top Tether Anchor): Seating positions with top tether anchors.

Third and Fourth Row

with Three Passenger

Bench Seat

1-46

Front Passenger

Position

i (Top Tether Anchor): Seating positions with top tether anchors.

To assist you in locating the lower anchors, each seating position with lower anchors has two labels, near the crease between the seatback and the seat cushion, showing where the anchors are located.

There are two top tether anchors in the second row. To install a child restraint in the left outboard seating

position, use anchor point (A). To install a child restraint in the right outboard seating position, use anchor

point (B). To install a child restraint in the center seating position, use either anchor point (A) or (B). Never install two top tethers using the same top tether anchor.

Second Row — Passenger Van

There is a top tether anchor for the center seating positions in the third and fourth rows, if equipped with a three-passengerbench seat. The anchor is located

at the bottom rear of the seat cushion.

1-47

Third or Fourth Row — Three Passenger Bench Seat

There is a top tether anchor for the front passenger position with a front passenger seat. The anchor

is located at the rear of the seat cushion on the right front passengerÕs seat.

Front Passenger Position

There are no top tether anchors or lower anchors in a four passenger fourth or Þfth row seat.

Do not secure a child restraint in the outside seating positions of the third and fourth rows if the vehicle has a three-passengerbench seat, or in anyfour-passengerrear bench seat, if a national or local law requires

that the top tether be attached, or if the instructions that come with the child restraint say that the top tether must be attached. There is no place to attach the top tether in these positions.

1-48

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. See

Where to Put the Restraint on page1-42for additional information.

Securing a Child Restraint Designed for the LATCH System

{CAUTION:

If a LATCH-typechild restraint is not attached to anchors, the restraint will not be able to protect the child correctly. In a crash, the child could be seriously injured or killed. Make sure that aLATCH-typechild restraint is properly installed using the anchors, or use the vehicle’s safety belts to secure the restraint, following the instructions that came with that restraint, and also the instructions in this manual.

{CAUTION:

Each top tether anchor and lower anchor in the vehicle is designed to hold only one child restraint. Attaching more than one child restraint to a single anchor could cause the anchor or attachment to come loose or even break during a crash. A child or others could be injured if this happens. To help prevent injury to people and damage to your vehicle, attach only one child restraint per anchor.

1.Attach and tighten the lower attachments to the lower anchors. If the child restraint does not have lower attachments or the desired seating position does not have lower anchors, secure the child restraint with the top tether and the safety belts. Refer to your child restraint manufacturer instructions and the instructions in this manual.

1.1.Find the lower anchors for the desired seating position.

1.2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

1.3.Attach and tighten the lower attachments on the child restraint to the lower anchors.

1-49

2.If the child restraint manufacturer recommends that the top tether be attached, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor, if equipped. Refer to the child restraint instructions and

the following steps:

2.1.Find the top tether anchor.

2.2.For the second row only, in the left outboard seating position, use anchor point (A). For the right outboard seating position, use anchor point (B). For the center seating position, use either anchor point (A) or (B). Never install two top tethers using the

same top tether anchor.

2.3.Route and tighten the top tether according to your child restraint instructions and the following instructions:

If the position you are using does not have a head restraint and you are using a single tether, route the tether over the seatback.

If the position you are using does not have a head restraint and you are using a dual tether,

route the tether over the seatback.

If the position you are using has an integrated headrest and you are using a dual tether, route the tether around the headrest.

1-50

If the position you are using has an integrated headrest and you are using a single tether, route the tether over the headrest.

3.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Seat Position or the Second Row Center Seat Position

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

For vehicles with a third, fourth or Þfth row, there are no top tether anchors in the rear outside seat positions

of the third, fourth or Þfth row. Do not secure a child seat in these positions if a national or local law requires

that the top tether be anchored, or if the instructions that come with the child restraint say that the top tether must be anchored.

If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system, you will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Put the child restraint on the seat.

2.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

1-51

3.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

4.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

1-52

5.To tighten the belt, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.If your child restraint manufacturer recommends using a top tether and the position you are using has a top tether anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions that came with the child restraint and to

Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page1-44.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it. Unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to

work for an adult or larger child passenger.

1-53

Securing a Child Restraint in a Center Seat Position (3rd, 4th, and 5th Row)

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

There are no top strap anchors in any four-passengerbench seat positions (if equipped). Do not secure a child seat in these positions if a national or local law

requires that the top strap must be anchored.

If your child restraint does not have the LATCH system, you will be using the lap belt to secure the child restraint in this position.

Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch plate and pulling it along the belt.

2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Run the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

1-54

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push down on the child restraint. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.

6.If your child restraint manufacturer recommends using a top tether and the position you are using has a top tether anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions that came with your child restraint and to Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

7.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it. Unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger child passenger.

1-55

Securing a Child Restraint in the

Right Front Seat Position (With

Passenger Sensing System)

Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag. A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward-facingchild restraint. SeeWhere to Put the Restraint on page 1-42.

In addition, your vehicle has the passenger sensing system. The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag

when an infant in a rear-facinginfant seat or a small child in aforward-facingchild restraint or booster seat is detected. SeePassenger Sensing System on page 1-74 andPassenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-29

for more information on this including important safety information.

If your vehicle has a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, there is a label on your

sun visor that says, ″ Never put a rear-facingchild seat in the front.″ This is because the risk to therear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.

If your vehicle does not have a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, never put a child in arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger seat the unless passenger airbag status indicator shows off. Never put a rear facing child restraint in the right front passenger seat unless the airbag is off.

1-56

Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of the rear facing child restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Be

sure the airbag is off before using a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position.

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be transported in vehicles with a rear seat that will accommodate arear-facingchild restraint, whenever possible.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position, move the seat as far

back as it will go before securing the forward-facingchild restraint. SeeManual Seats on page 1-3 orPower Seat on page 1-4.

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

You will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Your vehicle has a right front passengerÕs frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-74.General Motors recommends that

rear-facingchild restraints be secured in a rear seat, even if the airbag is off. If your child restraint isforward-facing,move the seat as far back as it will go before securing the child restraint in this

seat. See Manual Seats on page1-3or Power Seat on page1-4.

When the passenger sensing system has turned off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag, the off indicator in the passenger airbag status indicator should light and stay lit when you turn the ignition to RUN or START. See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-29.

1-57

2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

5.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

1-58

6.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder portion of the belt to tighten the lap portion of the belt and feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor. If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt. You should not be able to pull more of the belt from the retractor once the lock has been set.

7.If your child restraint manufacturer recommends using a top tether and the position you are using has a top tether anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions that came with the child restraint and to Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

8.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

9.If the airbag is off, the off indicator on the instrument panel will be lit and stay lit when the key is turned to RUN or START.

If a child restraint has been installed and the on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint.

If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make

sure that the vehicleÕs seatback is not pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly recline the vehicleÕs seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.

If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the child restraint in a rear seat position in the vehicle and check with your dealer.

To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it. Unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to

work for an adult or larger child passenger.

1-59

Securing a Child Restraint in

the Right Front Seat Position

(With Airbag Off Switch)

Your vehicle has a right front passenger airbag. There is a switch on the instrument panel that you can

use to turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71 for more on

this, including important safety information.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Do not use arear-facingchild restraint in this vehicle unless the passenger’s airbag has been turned off.

Even though the airbag off switch is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag, no system is fail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend that rear-facingchild restraints be transported in vehicles with a rear seat that will accommodate arear-facingchild restraint, whenever possible.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the passenger seat, always move the passenger seat as far back as it will go.

United States

Canada

1-60

Never put a rear facing child restraint in the right front passengerÕs seat unless the airbag is off. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Be sure the airbag is off before using arear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position. If you secure aforward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the right front passenger seat as far back as it will go.

A rear seat is a safer place to secure a forward facing child restraint. See Where to Put the Restraint on page 1-42.If you need to secure aforward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position, move the

seat as far back as it will go before securing a forward-facingchild restraint. SeeManual Seats on page 1-3 orPower Seat on page 1-4.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on when you have turned off the airbag, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. The right front passenger’s airbag could inflate even though the switch is off. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly. Until you have the vehicle serviced, do not let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger airbag risk group sit in the right front passenger’s position (for example, do not secure a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger’s seat). SeeAirbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

If your child restraint is equipped with the LATCH system, see Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page 1-44.

1-61

You will be using the lap-shoulderbelt to secure the child restraint in this position. Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and as the instructions say.

1.Your vehicle has a right front passengerÕs frontal airbag. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71.If your child restraint isforward-facing,move the seat as far back as it will go before securing the

restraint in this seat. See Manual Seats on page 1-3 orPower Seat on page 1-4.If you need to use arear-facingchild restraint in this seat, make sure the airbag is off once the child restraint has been installed.

When the airbag off switch has turned off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag, the off indicator in the airbag off light should light and stay lit when you turn the ignition to RUN or START. See

Airbag Off Light on page3-28.

2.Put the child restraint on the seat.

3.Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder portions of the vehicleÕs safety belt through or around the restraint. The child restraint instructions will show you how.

4.Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly if you ever had to.

1-62

5.Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of the retractor to set the lock.

6.To tighten the belt, push down on the child restraint, pull the shoulder belt to tighten the lap belt portion and feed the shoulder belt back into the retractor.

If you are using a forward-facingchild restraint, you may Þnd it helpful to use your knee to push

down on the child restraint as you tighten the belt. You should not be able to pull more of the belt out of the retractor once the lock has been set.

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7.If your child restraint manufacturer recommends using a top tether and the position you are using has a top tether anchor, attach and tighten the top tether to the top tether anchor. Refer to the instructions that came with the child restraint and to

Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children (LATCH) on page1-44.

8.Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sure it is secure.

To remove the child restraint, if the top tether is attached to the top tether anchor, disconnect it. Unbuckle the vehicleÕs safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt will move freely again and be ready to

work for an adult or larger child passenger.

If you had turned the airbag off with the switch, remember to be sure to use the airbag off switch to turn on the right front passengerÕs airbag when you remove the child restraint from the vehicle unless the person who will be sitting there is a member of a passenger airbag risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

{CAUTION:

If the right front passenger’s airbag is turned off for a person who is not in a risk group identified by the national government, that person will not have the extra protection of an airbag. In a crash, the airbag will not be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there. Do not turn off the passenger’s airbag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71 for more on this, including important safety information.

1-64

Airbag System

If it says AIR BAG on the middle part of the steering wheel and AIR BAG on the instrument panel in front of the right front passengerÕs seat, your vehicle has an airbag for the driver and an airbag for the right

front passenger.

If it says AIR BAG on the middle part of the steering wheel but it does not say AIR BAG on the instrument panel in front of the right front passengerÕs seat, your vehicle has an airbag for the driver only.

If it says AIR BAG on the middle part of the steering wheel, but there is no right front passenger seat, your vehicle has an airbag for the driver only.

Frontal airbags are designed to help reduce the risk of injury from the force of an inßating airbag. But these airbags must inßate very quickly to do their job

and comply with federal regulations.

1-65

Here are the most important things to know about the airbag system:

{CAUTION:

You can be severely injured or killed in a crash if you are not wearing your safety belt — even

if you have airbags. Wearing your safety belt during a crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety belts. Airbags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety belts. Airbags are designed to work with safety belts, but do not replace them. Airbags are designed to deploy in moderate to severe frontal and near frontal crashes. They are not designed to inflate in rollover, rear crashes, or in many

side crashes. And, for some unrestrained occupants, airbags may provide less protection in frontal crashes than more forceful airbags have provided in the past. Everyone in your vehicle should wear a safety belt properly — whether or not there is an airbag for that person.

{CAUTION:

Airbags inflate with great force, faster than the blink of an eye. If you are too close to an inflating airbag, as you would be if you were leaning forward, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts help keep you in position before and during a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with airbags. The driver should sit as far back as possible while still maintaining control of the vehicle.

1-66

If your vehicle has an airbag for the right front passenger read this.

{CAUTION:

Anyone who is up against, or very close to, any airbag when it inflates can be seriously injured or killed. Airbags plus lap-shoulderbelts offer the best protection for adults, but not for young children and infants. Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its airbag system is designed for them. Young children and infants need the protection that a child restraint system can provide. Always secure children properly in your vehicle. To read how, seeOlder Children on page 1-32 andInfants and Young Children on page 1-35.

There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows the airbag symbol.

The system checks the airbag electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. See Airbag Readiness Light on page 3-27 for more information.

Where Are the Airbags?

The driverÕs airbag is in the middle of the steering wheel.

1-67

If your vehicle has one, the right front passengerÕs airbag is in the instrument panel on the passengerÕs side.

1-68

{CAUTION:

If something is between an occupant and an airbag, the bag might not inflate properly or it might force the object into that person causing severe injury or even death. The path of an inflating airbag must be kept clear. Do not put anything between an occupant and an airbag, and do not attach or put anything on the steering wheel hub or on or near any other airbag covering.

When Should an Airbag Inflate?

The driverÕs and right front passengerÕs frontal airbags are designed to inßate in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcrashes. But they are designed to inßate only if the impact exceeds a predetermined deployment threshold. Deployment thresholds take into account a variety of desired deployment andnon-deploymentevents and are used to predict how severe a crash is likely to be in time for the airbags to inßate and help restrain the occupants. Whether your frontal airbags will or should deploy is not based on how fast your vehicle is traveling. It depends largely on what you hit, the direction of the impact and how quickly your vehicle slows down.

Frontal airbags may inßate at different crash speeds. For example:

¥If the vehicle hits a stationary object, the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits a moving object.

¥If the vehicle hits an object that deforms, the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits an object that does not deform.

¥If the vehicle hits a narrow object (like a pole) the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle hits a wide object (like a wall).

¥If the vehicle goes into an object at an angle the airbags could inßate at a different crash speed than if the vehicle goes straight into the object.

The frontal airbags (driver and right front passenger) are not intended to inßate during vehicle rollovers, rear impacts, or in many side impacts.

In any particular crash, no one can say whether an airbag should have inßated simply because of the damage to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were. Inßation is determined by what the vehicle hits, the angle of the impact, and how quickly the vehicle slows down in front or near-frontalimpacts.

If the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of your vehicle is 8,500 lb (3 855 kg) or above, your vehicle has single stage airbags. If the GVWR is below 8,500 lb

(3 855 kg) then your vehicle has dual stage airbags.

You can Þnd the GVWR on the certiÞcation label on the rear edge of the driverÕs door. See Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-30 for more information.

Single Stage Airbags

If your vehicle has frontal airbags with single stage deployment and your vehicle goes straight into a wall that does not move or deform, the threshold level

is about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h). (The threshold level can vary, however, with speciÞc vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this range.)

Dual Stage Airbags

If your vehicle has frontal airbags with dual stage deployment, the restraint will adjust according to the crash severity. Your vehicle is equipped with electronic frontal sensors which help the sensing system distinguish between a moderate and a more severe frontal impact. For moderate frontal impacts, these airbags inßate at a level less than full deployment. For more severe frontal impacts, full deployment occurs.

If the front of your vehicle goes straight into a wall that does not move or deform, the threshold level for the reduced deployment is about 12 to 16 mph

(19 to 26 km/h), and the threshold level for a full deployment is about 16 to 25 mph (26 to 40 km/h). (The threshold level can vary, however, with speciÞc vehicle design, so that it can be somewhat above or below this range.)

1-69

Vehicles with dual stage airbags are also equipped with special sensors which enable the sensing system to monitor the position of both the driver and passenger front seats. The seat position sensors provide information which is used to determine if the airbags should deploy at a reduced level or at full deployment.

What Makes an Airbag Inflate?

In an impact of sufficient severity, the airbag sensing system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing system triggers a release of gas from the inßator, which inßates the airbag. The inßator, airbag, and related hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside the steering wheel and in the instrument panel in front of the right front passenger.

How Does an Airbag Restrain?

In moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions, even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. Airbags supplement the protection provided by safety belts. Airbags distribute the force

of the impact more evenly over the occupantÕs upper body, stopping the occupant more gradually.

But airbags would not help you in many types of collisions, including rollovers, rear impacts and many side impacts, primarily because an occupantÕs motion is not toward those airbags. Airbags should never be regarded as anything more than a supplement to safety belts, and then only in moderate to severe frontal or near-frontalcollisions.

What Will You See After an Airbag

Inflates?

After an airbag inßates, it quickly deßates, so quickly that some people may not even realize the airbag inßated. Some components of the airbag module Ñ the steering wheel hub for the driverÕs airbag, or the instrument panel for the right front passengerÕs airbag Ñwill be hot for a short time. The parts of the airbag that come into contact with you may be warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust coming from the vents in the deßated airbags. Airbag inßation does not prevent the driver from seeing or being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people from leaving the vehicle.

1-70

{CAUTION:

When an airbag inflates, there is dust in the air. This dust could cause breathing problems for people with a history of asthma or other breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyone in the vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe to do so. If you have breathing problems but cannot get out of the vehicle after an airbag inflates, then get fresh air by opening a window or a door. If you experience breathing problems following an airbag deployment, you should seek medical attention.

¥Airbags are designed to inßate only once. After an airbag inßates, you will need some new parts for your airbag system. If you do not get them, the airbag system will not be there to help protect you in another crash. A new system will include airbag modules and possibly other parts. The service manual for your vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.

¥Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module which records information after a crash. See Vehicle Data Collection and Event Data Recorders on page 7-10.

¥Let only qualiÞed technicians work on your airbag system. Improper service can mean that your airbag system will not work properly. See your dealer for service.

Airbag Off Switch

If your vehicle has one of the switches pictured in the following illustrations, your vehicle has an airbag

off switch that you can use to turn off the right front passengerÕs airbag.

United States

Canada

If your vehicle does not have an airbag off switch, it may have a passenger sensing system. See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-74.

1-71

This switch should only be turned to airbag OFF if the person in the right front passengerÕs position is a member of a passenger risk group identiÞed by the national government as follows:

Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat because:

¥my vehicle has no rear seat;

¥my vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facinginfant seat; or

¥the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front seat so that the driver

can constantly monitor the child’s condition.

Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat because:

¥my vehicle has no rear seat;

¥although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front because no

space is available in the rear seat(s) of my vehicle; or

¥the child has a medical condition which, according to the child’s physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so that the driver

can constantly monitor the child’s condition.

1-72

Medical Condition. A passenger has a medical condition which, according to his or her physician:

¥causes the passenger airbag to pose a special risk for the passenger; and

¥makes the potential harm from the passenger airbag in a crash greater than the potential

harm from turning off the airbag and allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or windshield in a crash.

{CAUTION:

If the right front passenger’s airbag is turned off for a person who is not in a risk group identified by the national government, that person will not have the extra protection of an airbag. In a crash, the airbag will not be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there. Do not turn off the passenger’s airbag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

United States

Canada

To turn off the right front passengerÕs airbag, insert your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the switch to the off position.

The airbag off light will come on to let you know that the right front passengerÕs airbag is off. The light will stay on to remind you that the airbag is off. The right

front passengerÕs airbag will remain off until you turn it back on.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light ever comes on when you have turned off the airbag, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. The right front passenger’s airbag could inflate even though the switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger airbag risk group sit in the right front passenger’s position (for example, do not secure a rear-facingchild restraint in your vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced.

1-73

United States

Canada

To turn the right front passengerÕs airbag on, insert your ignition key into the switch, push in, and move the switch to the on position.

Passenger Sensing System

If your instrument panel has one of the indicators pictured in the following illustrations, your vehicle has a passenger sensing system.

United States

Canada

If your vehicle does not have a passenger sensing system, it may have an airbag off switch. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

The passenger airbag status indicator on the instrument panel will be visible when you turn your ignition key

to RUN or START. The words ON and OFF or the symbol for on and off, will be visible on the instrument panel during the system check. When the system check is complete, either the word ON or the word OFF, or the symbol for on or the symbol for off will be visible. See Passenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-29.

The passenger sensing system will turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag under certain conditions.

The driverÕs airbag is not part of the passenger sensing system.

1-74

The passenger sensing system works with sensors that are part of the right front passengerÕs seat. The sensors are designed to detect the presence of a properly-seatedoccupant and determine if the passengerÕs frontal airbag should be enabled (may inßate) or not.

Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in the rear rather than the front seat. General Motors recommends that child restraints

be secured in a rear seat, including an infant riding in a rear-facinginfant seat, a child riding in aforward-facingchild seat and an older child riding in a booster seat.

If your vehicle has a rear seat, it will accommodate

a rear-facingchild restraint. A label on your sun visor says, ÒNever put arear-facingchild seat in the

front.Ó This is because the risk to the rear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag.

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go. It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

1-75

If your vehicle does not have a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, never put a child in arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger seat the unless passenger airbag status indicator shows off. Never put a rear facing child restraint in the right front passenger seat unless the airbag is off. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

A child in a rear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Be

sure the airbag is off before using a rear-facingchild restraint in the right front seat position.

Eventhough the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

turned off. We recommend that rear-facingchild restraints be transported in vehicles with a rear seat that will accommodate arear-facingchild restraint, whenever possible.

If you need to secure a forward-facingchild restraint in the right front seat, always move the front passenger seat as far back as it will go.

It is better to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.

The passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag if:

¥the right front passenger seat is unoccupied

¥the system determines that an infant is present in a rear-facinginfant seat

¥the system determines that a small child is present in a forward-facingchild restraint

¥the system determines that a small child is present in a booster seat

¥a right front passenger takes his/her weight off of the seat for a period of time

1-76

¥the right front passenger seat is occupied by a smaller person, such as a child who has outgrown child restraints

¥or if there is a critical problem with the airbag system or the passenger sensing system.

When the passenger sensing system has turned off the passengerÕs frontal airbag, the off indicator on the instrument panel will light and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is off.

If a child restraint has been installed and the on indicator is lit, turn the vehicle off. Remove the child restraint from the vehicle and reinstall the child restraint following the child restraint manufacturerÕs directions and refer to Securing a Child Restraint in the Right Front Seat Position (With Passenger Sensing System) in

the Index.

If after reinstalling the child restraint and restarting the vehicle, the on indicator is still lit, check to make

sure that the vehicleÕs seatback is not pressing the child restraint into the seat cushion. If this happens, slightly recline the vehicleÕs seatback and adjust the seat cushion if possible. Also make sure the child restraint is not trapped under the vehicle head restraint. If this happens, adjust the head restraint.

If the on indicator is still lit, secure the child in the child restraint in a rear seat position if one is available

and check with your dealer.

The passenger sensing system is designed to enable (may inßate) the right front passengerÕs frontal

airbag anytime the system senses that a person of adult size is sitting properly in the right front passengerÕs seat. When the passenger sensing system has allowed the airbag to be enabled, the on indicator will light

and stay lit to remind you that the airbag is active.

For some children who have outgrown child restraints and for very small adults, the passenger sensing system may or may not turn off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag, depending upon the personÕs seating posture and body build. Everyone in your vehicle who has outgrown child restraints should wear a safety belt properly Ñ whether or not there is an airbag for

that person.

If a person of adult-sizeis sitting in the right front passengerÕs seat, but the off indicator is lit, it could be because that person is not sitting properly in the seat. If this happens, turn the vehicle off and ask the person to place the seatback in the fully upright position, then sit upright in the seat, centered on the seat cushion, with the personÕs legs comfortably extended. Restart the vehicle and have the person remain in this position for about two minutes. This will allow the system to detect that person and then enable the passengerÕs airbag.

1-77

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light in the instrument panel cluster ever comes on and stays on, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly, because an adult-sizeperson sitting in the right front passenger’s seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag. SeeAirbag Readiness Light on page 3-27 for more on this, including important safety information.

Aftermarket equipment, such as seat covers, can affect how well the passenger sensing system operates.

You may want to consider not using seat covers or other aftermarket equipment if your vehicle has the passenger sensing system. See Adding Equipment to Your Airbag-Equipped Vehicle on page 1-80 for more information about modiÞcations that can affect how the system operates.

1-78

{CAUTION:

Stowing of articles under the passenger’s seat or between the passenger’s seat cushion and seatback may interfere with the proper operation of the passenger sensing system.

Servicing Your Airbag-Equipped

Vehicle

Airbags affect how your vehicle should be serviced. There are parts of the airbag system in several places around your vehicle. You do not want the system to inßate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your dealer and the service manual have information

about servicing your vehicle and the airbag system. To purchase a service manual, see Service Publications Ordering Information on page 7-14.

{CAUTION:

For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned off and the battery is disconnected, an airbag can still inflate during improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an airbag when it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape or yellow connectors. They are probably part of the airbag system. Be sure to follow proper service procedures, and make sure the person performing work for you is qualified to do so.

The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.

1-79

Adding Equipment to Your

Airbag-EquippedVehicle

Q: Is there anything I might add to the front of the vehicle that could keep the airbags from working properly?

A: Yes. If you add things that change your vehicleÕs frame, bumper system, front end sheet metal or height, they may keep the airbag system from working properly. Also, the airbag system may not work properly if you relocate any of the airbag sensors. If you have any questions about this, you should contact Customer Assistance before you modify your vehicle. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of theCustomer Satisfaction Procedure on

page 7-2.

Q: Because I have a disability, I have to get my vehicle modified. How can I find out whether this will affect my airbag system?

A: Changing or moving any parts of the front seats, the airbag sensing and diagnostic module (located under the driverÕs seat), or the instrument panel can affect the operation of the airbag system. If you have questions, call Customer Assistance. The phone numbers and addresses for Customer Assistance are in Step Two of the Customer Satisfaction Procedure in this manual. See

Customer Satisfaction Procedure on page7-2.

1-80

Restraint System Check

Checking the Restraint Systems

Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors

and anchorages are working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged safety belt system parts. If you see anything that might keep a safety belt system from doing its job, have it repaired.

Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is torn or frayed, get a new one right away.

Also look for any opened or broken airbag covers, and have them repaired or replaced. (The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.)

Notice: If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the right front passenger’s airbag, the airbag may not work properly. You may have to replace the airbag module in the steering wheel or both the airbag module and the instrument panel for the right front passenger’s airbag. Do not open or break

the airbag coverings.

Replacing Restraint System Parts

After a Crash

{CAUTION:

A crash can damage the restraint systems in your vehicle. A damaged restraint system may not properly protect the person using it, resulting in serious injury or even death in a crash. To help make sure your restraint systems are working properly after a crash, have them inspected and any necessary replacements made as soon as possible.

If you have had a crash, do you need new belts or LATCH system parts?

After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if the belts were stretched, as they would be if worn during a more severe crash, then you need new parts.

1-81

If the LATCH system was being used during a more severe crash, you may need new LATCH system parts.

If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also may mean you will need to have LATCH system, safety belt or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs may be necessary even if the belt or LATCH system was not being used at the time of

the collision.

If an airbag inßates, you will need to replace airbag system parts. See the part on the airbag system earlier in this section.

If the frontal airbags inßate, you will also need to replace the driverÕs and right front passengerÕs safety belt buckle assembly. Be sure to do so. Then the new buckle assembly will be there to help protect you in a collision.

After a crash you may need to replace the driver and front passengerÕs safety belt buckle assemblies, even if the frontal airbags have not deployed. The driver

and front passengerÕs safety belt buckle assemblies contain the safety belt pretensioners. Have your safety belt pretensioners checked if your vehicle has been

in a collision, or if your airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle or while you are driving. See

Airbag Readiness Light on page3-27.

1-82

Section 2 Features and Controls

Keys ...............................................................

2-2

Remote Keyless Entry System .........................

2-3

Remote Keyless Entry System Operation ...........

2-4

Doors and Locks .............................................

2-7

Door Locks ....................................................

2-7

Power Door Locks ..........................................

2-8

Cargo Door Relocking .....................................

2-8

Rear Door Security Locks ................................

2-8

Lockout Protection ..........................................

2-9

Sliding Side Door ..........................................

2-10

60/40 Swing-Out Side Door ............................

2-11

Rear Doors ..................................................

2-12

Windows ........................................................

2-14

Manual Windows ..........................................

2-15

Power Windows ............................................

2-15

Swing-Out Windows ......................................

2-16

Sun Visors ...................................................

2-16

Theft-Deterrent Systems ..................................

2-17

Passlock¨ ....................................................

2-17

Starting and Operating Your Vehicle ................

2-17

New Vehicle Break-In ....................................

2-17

Ignition Positions ..........................................

2-18

Retained Accessory Power (RAP) ...................

2-18

Starting the Engine .......................................

2-19

Fuel Regulator .............................................

2-20

Engine Coolant Heater ..................................

2-20

Automatic Transmission Operation ...................

2-21

Parking Brake ..............................................

2-23

Shifting Into Park (P) .....................................

2-23

Shifting Out of Park (P) .................................

2-25

Parking Over Things That Burn .......................

2-25

Engine Exhaust ............................................

2-26

Running the Engine While Parked ...................

2-27

Mirrors ...........................................................

2-28

Manual Rearview Mirror .................................

2-28

Outside Manual Mirror ...................................

2-28

Outside Camper-Type Mirrors .........................

2-28

Outside Power Mirrors ...................................

2-29

Outside Convex Mirror ...................................

2-30

Outside Heated Mirrors ..................................

2-30

Storage Areas ................................................

2-30

2-1

Keys

{CAUTION:

Leaving children in a vehicle with the ignition key is dangerous for many reasons. They could operate the power windows or other controls or even make the vehicle move. The children or others could be badly injured or even killed. Do not leave the keys in a vehicle with children.

2-2

This vehicle has one double-sidedkey for the ignition and door locks. It will Þt with either side up.

When a new vehicle is delivered, the dealer provides the owner with a pair of identical keys and a bar-codedtag.

The bar-codedtag has a code on it that tells your dealer or a qualiÞed locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep this tag in a safe place. If you lose your keys, youÕll be able to have new ones made easily using this tag.

Notice: If you ever lock your keys in your vehicle, you may have to damage the vehicle to get in.

Be sure you have spare keys.

If you ever do get locked out of your vehicle, call GM Roadside Assistance Center. See Roadside Assistance Program on page 7-6.

Remote Keyless Entry System

If equipped, the remote keyless entry system operates on a radio frequency subject to Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.

This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference, and

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

This device complies with RSS-210of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:

1.This device may not cause interference, and

2.This device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation of the device.

Changes or modiÞcations to this system by other than an authorized service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.

2-3

At times you may notice a decrease in range. This is normal for any remote keyless entry system. If the transmitter does not work or if you have to stand closer to your vehicle for the transmitter to work, try this:

¥Check the distance. You may be too far from your vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy or snowy weather.

¥Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or right, hold the transmitter higher, and

try again.

¥Check to determine if battery replacement or resynchronization is necessary. See ÒBattery ReplacementÓ and ÒResynchronizationÓ under

Remote Keyless Entry System Operation on page2-4.

¥If you are still having trouble, see your dealer or a qualiÞed technician for service.

Remote Keyless Entry System

Operation

Your vehicle may have this feature.

Q(Lock): Press this button once to lock all of the doors. The parking lamps will ßash and

the interior lamps will turn on brießy. Press the

lock button again within Þve seconds and the parking lamps will ßash and

the horn will chirp brießy.

W(Unlock): Press this button once to unlock the driverÕs door. The parking lamps will ßash twice and the interior lamps will turn on. Press the unlock button again within Þve seconds to unlock the remaining doors. The parking lamps will ßash.

2-4

L(Panic Alarm): The remote keyless entry transmitter comes equipped with an instant panic alarm. To use the alarm, press the horn symbol while the ignition

is turned off. The horn will sound and both the interior and exterior lamps will ßash for up to thirty seconds. To stop the instant panic alarm, press the panic button again, wait for thirty seconds, or start the vehicle.

j (Cargo Door): Press this button to unlock the cargo doors only.

Matching Transmitter(s) to Your Vehicle

Each remote keyless entry transmitter is coded to prevent another transmitter from unlocking your vehicle. If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can

be purchased through your dealer. Remember to bring any remaining transmitters with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer matches the replacement transmitter to your vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the new transmitter, the lost transmitter will not unlock

your vehicle. Each vehicle can have a maximum of four transmitters matched to it.

Resynchronization

Resynchronization may be necessary due to the security method used by this system. The transmitter does not send the same signal twice to the receiver. The receiver will not respond to a signal that has been sent previously. This prevents anyone from recording and playing back the signal from the transmitter.

To resynchronize your transmitter, stand close to your vehicle and press and hold the lock and unlock buttons on the transmitter at the same time for seven seconds. The door locks should cycle to conÞrm synchronization. If the locks do not cycle, see your dealer for service.

2-5

Battery Replacement

Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless entry transmitter should last about four years.

Youcan tell the battery is weak if the transmitter wonÕt work at the normal range in any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle before the transmitter works, itÕs probably time to change the battery.

Notice: When replacing the battery, use care not to touch any of the circuitry. Static from your body transferred to these surfaces may damage the transmitter.

To replace the battery in the keyless entry transmitter, do the following:

1.Use an object like a coin to pry open the transmitter.

2.Once the transmitter is separated, use an object like a pencil to remove the old battery. Do not use a metal object.

3.Remove and replace the battery, positive (+) side down.

4.Snap the transmitter back together tightly to be sure no moisture can enter.

5.Press and hold the lock and unlock buttons on the remote keyless entry transmitter for seven seconds to resynchronize the transmitter.

6.Check the operation of the transmitter.

2-6

Doors and Locks

Door Locks

{CAUTION:

Unlocked doors can be dangerous.

Passengers — especially children — can easily open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle will not open it. You increase the chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors are not locked. So, wear safety belts properly and lock the doors whenever you drive.

Young children who get into unlocked vehicles may be unable to get out. A child can be overcome by extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle whenever you leave it.

Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can help prevent this from happening.

There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.

If your vehicle is equipped with keyless entry, see

Remote Keyless Entry System on page2-3for more information.

From the outside, use your key.

To lock the door from the inside, slide the manual lever on your door down. To unlock the door, slide the manual lever up.

2-7

Power Door Locks

Press the bottom side of the power door lock switch to lock all the doors at once. Press the top side of the power door lock switch to unlock all the doors at once.

When a door is locked, the inside door handle will not work.

Cargo Door Relocking

This feature protects the owner from having an unsecured side cargo door. If the side cargo door is open when the lock button is pressed on the door or the remote keyless entry transmitter, all doors will lock and then relock again after the cargo door is closed. If the cargo door is not closed within several minutes, the relock will not occur.

Rear Door Security Locks

Security locks are located on the side sliding door, or the front portion of the 60/40 side swing-outdoor.

They are also located on the passenger side rear cargo door of some vehicles.

If your vehicle has security locks on the rear cargo door, you can lock these doors so they cannot be opened from the inside.

Rear Cargo Door

Move the lever down to engage the security feature.

Move the lever up to return the door locks to normal operation.

2-8

60/40 Swing-OutSide

Door; Driver’s Side

Shown, Passenger’s

Side Similar

Move the button to the right for the driverÕs side door or to the left for

the passengerÕs side door to engage the security feature. Move the button to the left for the driverÕs

side door or to the right for the passengerÕs side

door to return the door locks to normal operation.

Move the button up to engage the security feature. Move the button down to return the

door locks to normal operation.

Side Sliding Door

Lockout Protection

This feature protects you from locking your key in the vehicle when the key is in the ignition and a door

is open.

If the power lock switch is pressed when either the driverÕs, passengerÕs, or rear door is open, all the doors will lock and then the driverÕs door will unlock. This feature does not include the side cargo door.

2-9

Sliding Side Door

To open the sliding side door from the outside, pull the handle toward the rear of the vehicle and slide the door open.

To close the sliding side door from the outside, use the handle to slide the door toward the front of the vehicle.

When the door is closed, it will be ßush with the side of the body.

To open the sliding side door from the inside, turn the handle upward and toward the rear of the vehicle. Then, slide the door toward the rear of the vehicle.

To close the sliding side door from the inside, grasp the handle and slide the door toward the front of the vehicle.

Make sure the door is completely closed before driving away.

2-10

60/40 Swing-OutSide Door

To open the front portion of a 60/40 door from the inside, pull the handle toward you and push open the door.

To open the front portion of a 60/40 door from the outside, pull out on the handle and pull the door toward you.

2-11

To open the rear portion of a 60/40 door from the outside, pull the handle on the side of the rear door and pull the door toward you.

To close the 60/40 side doors, close the rear door Þrst. Then close the front door. Check to make sure that both doors are completely closed.

The front side swing-outdoor has a check strap assembly in the door frame to keep the door from opening beyond 90 degrees.

To open the door beyond 90 degrees, close the door partially, pull the check strap toward you and then open the door. When you close the door, the check strap will automatically re-engage.

Rear Doors

{CAUTION:

Unlocked doors can be dangerous.

Passengers — especially children — can easily open the doors and fall out of a moving vehicle. When a door is locked, the handle will not open it. You increase the chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a crash if the doors are not locked. So, wear safety belts properly and lock the doors whenever you drive.

Young children who get into unlocked vehicles may be unable to get out. A child can be overcome by extreme heat and can suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Always lock your vehicle whenever you leave it.

Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked door when you slow down or stop your vehicle. Locking your doors can help prevent this from happening.

2-12

To open the rear doors from the outside, pull the handle toward you to open the passenger side rear door Þrst.

To open the driver side rear door, pull the latch release at the inside edge of the door.

To close the rear doors, close the driver side rear door Þrst. Then, close the passenger side rear door.

Check to make sure both doors are completely closed.

2-13

Windows

{CAUTION:

Leaving children, helpless adults, or pets in a vehicle with the windows closed is dangerous. They can be overcome by the extreme heat and suffer permanent injuries or even death from heat stroke. Never leave a child, a helpless adult, or a pet alone in a vehicle, especially with the windows closed in warm or hot weather.

2-14

Manual Windows

To operate your manual windows, turn the hand crank on each door to raise or lower your side door windows.

Power Windows

If you have power windows, the controls are located on each of the side doors.

The driverÕs door has a switch for the passenger window also. Your power windows will work when the ignition has been turned to RUN or ACCESSORY,

or when Retained Accessory Power (RAP) is active. See

Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on page2-18.

Press the bottom of the switch with the power window symbol on it to lower the window.

Press the top of the switch with the power window symbol on it to raise the window.

Express-Down

The driverÕs window switch also has an express-downfeature that allows the window to be lowered without holding the switch. Press and hold the side of the window switch marked AUTO for one second to activate theexpress-downmode. This mode can be cancelled at any time by pressing the opposite side of the switch. To open the window part way, lightly tap the switch until the window is at the desired position.

2-15

Swing-OutWindows

Side Swing-OutWindow

To open the side door swing-outwindow, pull up on the latch at the edge of the window. Swing the window out and push down on the latch to lock the window into place.

To close the window, pull the latch toward you and push down on the latch to lock it.

2-16

Rear Swing-OutWindows

Your vehicle also has rear swing-outwindows.

The rear swing-outwindows work the same way as the side swing out window, but the latch is located at the bottom edge of the window.

Sun Visors

To block out glare, swing down the sun visors. You can also swing them to the side.

Visor Vanity Mirror

You may have visor vanity mirrors, with or without lamps. Lift the mirror cover to turn the lamps on, if you have them.

Theft-DeterrentSystems

Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrentfeatures, we know that nothing we put on it can make it impossible to steal.

Passlock®

Your vehicle is equipped with the Passlock¨ theft-deterrentsystem.

Passlock¨ is a passivetheft-deterrentsystem. Passlock¨ enables fuel if the ignition lock cylinder is turned with

a valid key. If a correct key is not used or the ignition lock cylinder is tampered with, fuel is disabled.

During normal operation, the SECURITY light will go off approximately Þve seconds after the key is turned to RUN. See Security Light on page 3-40.

If the engine stalls and the SECURITY light ßashes, wait until the light stops ßashing before trying to restart the engine. Remember to release the key from START as soon as the engine starts.

If the engine is running and the SECURITY light comes on, you will be able to restart the engine if you turn the engine off. However, your Passlock¨ system is not working properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by Passlock¨ at this time. You may also want to check the fuse. SeeFuses and Circuit Breakers on page 5-93.See your dealer for service.

Starting and Operating Your

Vehicle

New Vehicle Break-In

Notice: Your vehicle does not need an elaboratebreak-in.But it will perform better in the long run if you follow these guidelines:

Keep your speed at 55 mph (88 km/h) or less for the first 500 miles (805 km).

Do not drive at any one constant speed, fast or slow, for the first 500 miles (805 km). Do not make full-throttlestarts. Avoid downshifting to brake, or slow, the vehicle.

Avoid making hard stops for the first 200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time your new brake linings are not yet broken in. Hard stops with new linings can mean premature wear and earlier replacement. Follow this breaking-inguideline every time you get new brake linings.

Do not tow a trailer during break-in.SeeTowing a Trailer on page 4-37 for the trailer towing capabilities of your vehicle and more information.

Following break-in,engine speed and load can be gradually increased.

2-17

Ignition Positions

Use the key to turn the ignition switch to four different positions.

A (LOCK): This position locks the ignition and transmission. It is atheft-deterrentfeature. You will only be able to remove the key when the ignition is turned to LOCK.

Notice: If your key seems stuck in LOCK and you cannot turn it, be sure you are using the correct key; if so, is it all the way in? Turn the key only with your hand. Using a tool to force it could break the key or the ignition switch. If none of these works, then your vehicle needs service.

B (ACCESSORY): This position lets you use things like the radio and the windshield wipers when the engine

is off.

Notice: Lengthy operation of features such as the radio in the accessory ignition position may drain the battery and prevent your vehicle from starting. Do not operate your vehicle in the accessory ignition position for a long period of time.

C (RUN): This is the position for driving.

D (START): This position starts the engine.

Retained Accessory Power (RAP)

The Retained Accessory Power (RAP) feature will allow certain features on your vehicle to continue to work

for up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is turned to LOCK or until one of the doors is opened.

2-18

Starting the Engine

Move your shift lever to PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). Your engine will not start in any other position Ñ that is a safety feature. To restart when you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. If you have a diesel engine, refer to the diesel supplement for the starting procedure.

Notice: Do not try to shift to PARK (P) if your vehicle is moving. If you do, you could damage the transmission. Shift to PARK (P) only when your vehicle is stopped.

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your engine gets warm.

Notice: Holding your key in START for longer than 15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to

be drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can damage your starter motor. Wait about

15 seconds between each try to help avoid draining your battery or damaging your starter.

2.If it does not start within 10 seconds, push the accelerator pedal all the way to the ßoor, while you hold the ignition key in START. When the engine starts, let go of the key and let up on the accelerator pedal. Wait about 15 seconds between each try.

When starting your engine in very cold weather (below 0¡F or −18¡C), do this:

1.With your foot off the accelerator pedal, turn the ignition key to START and hold it there up to 15 seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key.

2.If your engine still will not start, or starts but then stops, it could be ßooded with too much gasoline. Try pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the ßoor and holding it there as you hold the key in START for about three seconds. When the engine starts, let go of the key and accelerator. If the vehicle starts brießy but then stops again, do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal down

for Þve or six seconds. This clears the extra gasoline from the engine.

Notice: Your engine is designed to work with the electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical parts or accessories, you could change the way the engine operates. Before adding electrical equipment, check with your dealer. If you do not, your engine might not perform properly. Any resulting damage would not be covered by your vehicle’s warranty.

2-19

Fuel Regulator

Your vehicle has a fuel regulator that shuts the fuel off when the engine reaches 5,600 rpm.

Engine Coolant Heater

In very cold weather, 0¡F (−18¡C) or colder, the engine coolant heater can help. You will get easier starting and better fuel economy during engine warm-up.Usually, the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of four hours prior to starting your vehicle.

At temperatures above 32¡F (0¡C), use of the coolant heater is not required. Your vehicle may also have

an internal thermostat in the plug end of the cord. This will prevent operation of the engine coolant heater when the temperature is at or above 0¡F (−18¡C) as noted on the cord.

To Use the Engine Coolant Heater

1.Turn off the engine.

2.Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.

The cord for the engine coolant heater is located on the driverÕs side of the engine compartment and is attached to the hose for the power steering reservoir.

3.Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-voltAC outlet.

{CAUTION:

Plugging the cord into an ungrounded outlet could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the cord into a properly grounded three-prong110-voltAC outlet. If the cord will not reach, use aheavy-dutythree-prongextension cord rated for at least 15 amps.

4.Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and store the cord as it was before to keep it away from moving engine parts. If you do not, it could be damaged.

How long should you keep the coolant heater plugged in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead

of trying to list everything here, we ask that you contact your dealer in the area where you will be parking

your vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice for that particular area.

2-20

Automatic Transmission Operation

There are several different positions for your shift lever.

PARK (P): This position locks your rear wheels. It is the best position to use when you start your engine because your vehicle cannot move easily.

{CAUTION:

It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.

Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P). See Shifting Into Park (P) on

page 2-23.If you are pulling a trailer, see

Towing a Trailer on page4-37.

Ensure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before starting the engine. Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock control system. With the ignition in RUN,

you must fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P).

If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way

into PARK (P) as you continue pressing the brake pedal. Then move the shift lever into the gear you want. See

Shifting Out of Park (P) on page2-25.

REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.

Notice: Shifting to REVERSE (R) while your vehicle is moving forward could damage the transmission. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle is stopped.

To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow, ice or sand without damaging your transmission,

see If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page4-29.

NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine does not connect with the wheels. To restart when you are already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.

2-21

{CAUTION:

Shifting into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed is dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the brake pedal, your vehicle could move very rapidly. You could lose control and hit people or objects. Do not shift into a drive gear while your engine is running at high speed.

Notice: Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine running at high speed may damage the transmission. The repairs would not be

covered by your warranty. Be sure the engine is not running at high speed when shifting your vehicle.

DRIVE (D): This position is for normal driving. If you need more power for passing, and you are:

¥Going less than about 35 mph (55 km/h), push your accelerator pedal about halfway down.

¥Going about 35 mph (55 km/h) or more, push the accelerator all the way down.

You will shift down to the next gear and have more power.

THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal driving, however, it offers more power and lower fuel economy than DRIVE (D). You should use THIRD (3) when carrying a heavy load or driving on steep hills.

You should use THIRD (3) (or, as you need to, a lower gear) when towing a trailer to minimize heat build-upand extend the life of your transmission.

SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy than THIRD (3). You can use SECOND (2) on hills. It can help control your speed as you go down steep mountain roads, but then you would also want to use your brakes off and on. If you

manually select SECOND (2), the transmission will drive in SECOND (2). You may use this feature for reducing torque to the rear wheels when you are trying to

start your vehicle from a stop on slippery road surfaces.

FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power but lower fuel economy than SECOND (2). You can use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the shift lever is put in FIRST (1), the transmission will not shift into Þrst gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.

Notice: Spinning the tires or holding the vehicle in one place on a hill using only the accelerator

pedal may damage the transmission. If you are stuck, do not spin the tires. When stopping on a hill, use the brakes to hold the vehicle in place.

2-22

Parking Brake

To set the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down with your right foot. Push down the parking brake pedal with your left foot.

If the ignition is on, the brake system warning light will come on.

To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the handle, located just above

the parking brake pedal, marked BRAKE RELEASE to release the parking brake.

If the ignition is on when the parking brake is released, the brake system warning light will go off.

Notice: Driving with the parking brake on can overheat the brake system and cause premature wear or damage to brake system parts. Verify that the parking brake is fully released and the brake warning light is off before driving.

If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-37.That section shows what to do Þrst to keep the trailer from moving.

Shifting Into Park (P)

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, use the steps that follow. If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on

page 4-37.

1.Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and set the parking brake with your left foot.

2.Move the shift lever into PARK (P) by pulling the shift lever toward you and moving it up as far as it will go.

3.Turn the ignition key to LOCK.

4.Remove the key and take it with you. If you can leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).

2-23

Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine

Running

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the engine running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in

PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. And, if you leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could overheat and even catch fire. You or others could be injured. Do not leave your vehicle with the engine running.

If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and the parking brake is Þrmly set before you leave it. After you move the shift lever into PARK (P), hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if you can move the shift lever away from PARK (P) without Þrst pulling it

toward you. If you can, it means that the shift lever was not fully locked into PARK (P).

Torque Lock

If you are parking on a hill and you do not shift your vehicle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in the transmission. You may Þnd it difficult to pull the shift lever out of PARK (P). This is called torque lock.

To prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driverÕs seat. To Þnd out how, see Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-23.

When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.

If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the pressure from the parking pawl in the transmission, so you can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).

2-24

Shifting Out of Park (P)

Your vehicle has an automatic transmission shift lock control system. You have to fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in RUN. See Automatic Transmission Operation on page 2-21.

If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever and push the shift lever all the way up into PARK (P) as you maintain brake application. Then, move the shift lever into the gear you want.

If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still cannot shift out of PARK (P), try this:

1.Turn the key to LOCK.

2.Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.

3.Shift to NEUTRAL (N).

4.Start the vehicle and then shift to the drive gear you want.

5.Have the system Þxed as soon as you can.

Parking Over Things That Burn

{CAUTION:

Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust parts under your vehicle and ignite. Do not park over papers, leaves, dry grass, or other things that can burn.

2-25

Engine Exhaust

{CAUTION:

Engine and fuel operated heater exhaust can kill. It contains the gas carbon monoxide (CO), which you cannot see or smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death. If your vehicle has a diesel engine and a fuel operated heater, see “Fuel Operated Heater (FOH)” in the diesel engine supplement.

You might have exhaust coming in if:

Your exhaust system sounds strange or different.

Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.

Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.

Your vehicle was damaged when driving over high points on the road or over road debris.

CAUTION: (Continued)

CAUTION: (Continued)

Repairs were not done correctly.

Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified improperly.

If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your vehicle:

Drive it only with all the windows down to blow out any CO; and

Have your vehicle fixed immediately.

2-26

Running the Engine While Parked

It is better not to park with the engine running. But if you ever have to, here are some things to know.

{CAUTION:

Idling the engine with the climate control system off could allow dangerous exhaust into your vehicle. See the earlier caution under

Engine Exhaust on page2-26.

Also, idling in a closed-inplace can let deadly carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even if the climate control fan is at the highest setting. One place this can happen is a garage. Exhaust — with CO — can come in easily.

NEVER park in a garage with the engine running.

Another closed-inplace can be a blizzard. See

Winter Driving on page4-25.

{CAUTION:

It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll. Do not leave your vehicle when the engine is running unless you have to. If you have left the engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be injured. To be sure your vehicle will not move, even when you are on fairly level ground, always set your parking brake and move the shift lever to PARK (P).

Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle will not move. See Shifting Into Park (P) on page 2-23.

If you are pulling a trailer, see Towing a Trailer on page 4-37.

2-27

Mirrors

Manual Rearview Mirror

Pull the tab under the mirror toward you to reduce glare from headlamps behind you after dark. Push the tab away from you to restore the mirror to the original position.

If you have a cargo van without the rear door glass, your vehicle may not have an inside rearview mirror.

Outside Manual Mirror

Adjust your outside mirrors so you can see a little of the side of your vehicle, and have a clear view of objects behind you. Some mirrors can be folded in to enter narrow passageways.

Outside Camper-TypeMirrors

If your vehicle is equipped with this style camper-typemirrors, they can be adjusted so you can have a clear view of any objects behind you.

1. To adjust the mirrors when towing a trailer, turn the mirror by pushing the mirror head toward the front of the vehicle.

2-28

2.Turn the mirror head so that it swings further outboard and adjust the mirror surface

as needed.

Adjust the mirror by rotating it left or right. Once the mirror is adjusted to the correct position, tighten the set screw, located at the end of the arm, to hold the mirror in place. These mirrors can also be manually folded in.

On the lower portion of each mirror is a convex mirror. A convex mirrorÕs surface is curved so you can see more from the driverÕs seat.

Outside Power Mirrors

If your vehicle is equipped with this style camper-typemirrors, they can be adjusted so you can have a clear view of the objects behind you.

If the vehicle has power mirrors, the control is located on the driverÕs side door.

Select each mirror by turning the knob clockwise for the passengerÕs side mirror or counterclockwise for the driverÕs side mirror. The center position is neutral.

Then, adjust the mirror angle by moving the knob in the desired direction.

2-29

Outside Convex Mirror

Your passengerÕs side mirror may be convex. A convex mirrorÕs surface is curved so you can see more from the driverÕs seat.

{CAUTION:

A convex mirror can make things (like other vehicles) look farther away than they really are. If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before changing lanes.

Outside Heated Mirrors

If your vehicle is equipped with outside heated mirrors, they can be defrosted by pressing the mirror button located

near the fan control.

An indicator light in the button will light when the outside heated mirrors are activated.

Your rear window defogger comes on when the outside heated mirrors are on. If your vehicle has a rear window defogger, see ÒRear Window DefoggerÓ in

Climate Control System on page3-17.

Storage Areas

If equipped, your front storage compartment is at the center of the instrument panel extension, by the ßoor. To open the compartment, pull up on the latch.

The compartment will open automatically.

Storage compartments may also be included on the inside of each front door.

2-30

Section 3 Instrument Panel

Instrument Panel Overview ...............................

3-4

Hazard Warning Flashers ................................

3-5

Other Warning Devices ...................................

3-6

Horn .............................................................

3-6

Tilt Wheel .....................................................

3-6

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever .........................

3-7

Turn and Lane-Change Signals ........................

3-7

Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer ..................

3-8

Flash-to-Pass .................................................

3-8

Windshield Wipers ..........................................

3-9

Windshield Washer .........................................

3-9

Cruise Control ..............................................

3-10

Exterior Lamps .............................................

3-13

Headlamps on Reminder ................................

3-14

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) .......................

3-14

Instrument Panel Brightness ...........................

3-14

Dome Lamps ...............................................

3-15

Dome Lamp Override ....................................

3-15

Entry Lighting ...............................................

3-15

Exit Lighting .................................................

3-15

Reading Lamps ............................................

3-15

Battery Run-Down Protection ..........................

3-16

Accessory Power Outlet(s) .............................

3-16

Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter ......................

3-17

Climate Controls ............................................

3-17

Climate Control System .................................

3-17

Outlet Adjustment .........................................

3-20

Rear Heating System ....................................

3-21

Rear Air Conditioning and Heating System .......

3-21

Warning Lights, Gages, and Indicators ............

3-23

Instrument Panel Cluster ................................

3-24

Speedometer and Odometer ...........................

3-25

Trip Odometer ..............................................

3-25

Engine Speed Limiter ....................................

3-25

Safety Belt Reminder Light .............................

3-26

Passenger Safety Belt Reminder Light .............

3-26

Airbag Readiness Light ..................................

3-27

Airbag Off Light ............................................

3-28

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator ...................

3-29

Charging System Light ..................................

3-32

Voltmeter Gage ............................................

3-32

Brake System Warning Light ..........................

3-33

Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light .............

3-34

StabiliTrak¨ Not Ready Light ..........................

3-34

StabiliTrak¨ Indicator Light ..............................

3-35

Engine Coolant Temperature Gage ..................

3-35

Malfunction Indicator Lamp .............................

3-36

Oil Pressure Gage ........................................

3-38

3-1

Section 3 Instrument Panel

Change Engine Oil Light ................................

3-39

Security Light ...............................................

3-40

Cruise Control Light ......................................

3-40

Reduced Engine Power Light .........................

3-41

Highbeam On Light .......................................

3-41

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Indicator Light .....

3-41

Tow/Haul Mode Light ....................................

3-42

Check Gages Warning Light ...........................

3-42

Fuel Gage ...................................................

3-42

Audio System(s) .............................................

3-43

Setting the Time for Radios without Radio

 

Data Systems (RDS) ..................................

3-44

Setting the Time for Radios with Radio

 

Data Systems (RDS) ..................................

3-44

AM-FM Radio ...............................................

3-45

Radio with CD ..............................................

3-47

Radio with Cassette and CD ..........................

3-52

Radio with Six-Disc CD .................................

3-63

Theft-Deterrent Feature (Non-RDS Radios) .......

3-74

Theft-Deterrent Feature (RDS Radios) .............

3-74

Radio Reception ...........................................

3-75

Care of the Cassette Tape Player ...................

3-75

Care of Your CDs .........................................

3-76

Care of the CD Player ...................................

3-77

Fixed Mast Antenna ......................................

3-77

Chime Level Adjustment ................................

3-77

3-2

NOTES

3-3

Instrument Panel Overview

3-4

The main components of your instrument panel are the following:

A.Air Outlets. See Outlet Adjustment on page3-20.

B.Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever. See Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever on page 3-7.

C.Instrument Panel Cluster. See Instrument Panel Cluster on page 3-24.

D.Shift Lever. See Starting the Engine on page2-19.

E.Climate Control System. See Climate Control System on page 3-17.

F.Audio System(s). See Audio System(s) on page 3-43.

G.Exterior Lamp Controls. See Exterior Lamps on page 3-13.

H.Tow/Haul Mode Button. See ÒTow/Haul ModeÓ under

Towing a Trailer on page4-37.

I.Rear Heating System (If Equipped). See Rear Heating System on page 3-21.

J.Accessory Power Outlets/Cigarette Lighter. See

Accessory Power Outlet(s) on page3-16and Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter on page3-17.

K.Airbag Off Switch. See Airbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

L.Storage Compartment. See Storage Areas on page 2-30.

M.StabiliTrak¨ Button (If Equipped), Passenger Airbag

Status Indicator, and High-IdleSystem (If Equipped). SeeStabiliTrak® System on page 4-9 orPassenger Airbag Status Indicator on page 3-29.

Hazard Warning Flashers

Your hazard warning ßashers let you warn others. They also let police know you have a problem. Your front and rear turn signal lamps will ßash on and off.

The hazard warning ßasher button is located on top of the steering column.

Your hazard warning ßashers work no matter what position your key is in, and even if the key is not in the ignition.

Press the button to make the front and rear turn signal lamps ßash on and off. Press the button again to

turn the ßashers off.

When the hazard warning ßashers are on, your turn signals will not work.

3-5

Other Warning Devices

If you carry reßective triangles, you can set them up at the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind your vehicle.

Horn

Press the horn symbol in the middle of the steering wheel to sound the horn.

Tilt Wheel

A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you drive. You can also raise it to the highest level to give your legs more room when

you enter and exit the vehicle.

The lever is located on the lower left side of the steering column.

To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable

level, then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.

3-6

Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever

The lever on the left side of the steering column includes the following:

¥ GTurn and Lane Change Signals.Turn and Lane-Change Signals on page 3-7.

¥ 53HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger.

Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page3-8.

¥Flash-to-PassFeature. SeeFlash-to-Pass on page 3-8.

¥ NWindshield Wipers. SeeWindshield Wipers on page 3-9.

¥ LWindshield Washer. SeeWindshield Washer on page 3-9.

¥ I Cruise Control. Cruise Control on page3-10.

For information on the exterior lamps, see Exterior Lamps on page 3-13 later in this section.

Turn and Lane-ChangeSignals

The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you to signal a turn or a lane change.

To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down. When the turn is Þnished, the lever will return automatically.

3-7

An arrow on the instrument panel cluster will ßash in the direction of the

turn or lane change.

To signal a lane change, just raise or lower the lever until the arrow starts to ßash. Hold it there until you complete your lane change. The lever will return by itself when you release it.

If you move the lever all the way up or down, and the arrow ßashes at twice the normal rate, a signal bulb may be burned out and other drivers may not see your

turn signal.

If a bulb is burned out, replace it to help avoid an accident. If the arrows donÕt go on at all when you signal a turn, check for burned-outbulbs or a blown fuse.

See Fuses and Circuit Breakers on page5-93.

Turn Signal On Chime

If your turn signal is left on for more than 3/4 of a mile (1.2 km), a chime will sound at each ßash of the

turn signal. To turn off the chime, move the turn signal lever to the off position.

Headlamp High/Low-BeamChanger

23(HeadlampHigh/Low-BeamChanger):To change the headlamps from low to high beam, pull the multifunction lever all the way toward you. Then release it.

When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument panel cluster also will be on.

Flash-to-Pass

This feature allows you to use your high-beamheadlamps to signal a driver in front of you that you want to pass. It works even if your headlamps are off.

To use it, pull the turn signal lever toward you, but not so far that you hear it click.

If your headlamps are off or on low-beam,yourhigh-beamheadlamps will turn on and stay on as long as you hold the lever toward you and thehigh-beamindicator on the instrument panel will come on. Release the lever to turn thehigh-beamheadlamps off.

3-8

Windshield Wipers

You control the windshield wipers by turning the band with the wiper symbol on it.

8(Mist): For a single wiping cycle, turn the band to mist. Hold it there until the wipers start, then let go. The wipers will stop after one wipe. If you want more wipes, hold the band on mist longer.

Delay: You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or snow. Turn the band to choose the delay

time. The closer to the top of the lever, the shorter the delay.

d(Low Speed): For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band away from you to the Þrst solid band past the delay settings. position. Forhigh-speedwiping, turn the band further, to the second solid band past the delay settings. To stop the wipers, move the band to off position.

a(High Speed): Forhigh-speedwiping, turn the band further, to the second solid band past the delay settings.

9(Off): To stop the wipers, move the band to off.

Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades before using them. If theyÕre frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become worn or damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.

Windshield Washer

L(Washer Fluid): There is a paddle marked with the windshield washer symbol at the top of the multifunction lever. To spray washer ßuid on the windshield, push the paddle. The wipers will clear the window and then either stop or return to your preset speed.

{CAUTION:

In freezing weather, do not use your washer until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking your vision.

3-9

Cruise Control

If your vehicle has cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph (40 km/h).

If you apply your brakes, the cruise control will disengage.

{CAUTION:

Cruise control can be dangerous where you cannot drive safely at a steady speed. So, do not use your cruise control on winding roads or in heavy traffic.

Cruise control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause needless wheel spinning, and you could lose control. Do not use cruise control on slippery roads.

9(Off): This position turns the system off.

R(On): This position activates the system.

S (Resume/Accelerate): Push the lever to this symbol to make the vehicle accelerate or resume to a previously set speed.

T (Set): Press this button to set the speed.

3-10

Setting Cruise Control

{CAUTION:

If you leave your cruise control on when you are not using cruise, you might hit a button and go into cruise when you do not want to. You could be startled and even lose control. Keep the cruise control switch off until you want to use cruise control.

1.Move the cruise control switch to on.

2.Get up to the speed you want.

3.Press in the set button at the end of the lever and release it.

4.Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.

The CRUISE light on the instrument panel will illuminate when the cruise control is engaged.

Resuming a Set Speed

Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed and then you apply the brake. This, of course, disengages the cruise control. But you donÕt need to reset it.

Once youÕre going about 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can move the cruise control switch from on to resume/accelerate brießy.

YouÕll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay there.

If you hold the switch at resume/accelerate brießy, the vehicle will keep going faster until you release the switch or apply the brake. So unless you want to go faster, donÕt hold the switch at resume/accelerate.

Increasing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

There are two ways to go to a higher speed:

¥Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed. Press the set button at the end of the lever, then release the button and the accelerator

pedal. YouÕll now cruise at the higher speed.

¥Move the cruise switch from on to resume/accelerate. Hold it there until you get up to the speed you want, and then release the switch. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to resume/accelerate brießy. Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about

1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.

3-11

Reducing Speed While Using Cruise

Control

¥Press and hold the set button at the end of the lever until you reach the lower speed you want, then release it.

¥To slow down in very small amounts, press the set button brießy. Each time you do this, youÕll go about 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.

Passing Another Vehicle While Using

Cruise Control

Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.

Using Cruise Control on Hills

How well your cruise control will work on hills depends upon your speed, load and the steepness of the

hills. When going up steep hills, you may want to step on the accelerator pedal to maintain your speed.

When going downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers Þnd this to be too much trouble and donÕt use cruise control on steep hills.

Ending Cruise Control

There are three ways to turn off the cruise control:

¥Step lightly on the brake pedal.

¥Move the cruise control switch to off.

¥If your vehicle has the StabiliTrak¨ feature, cruise

control will deactivate if road conditions cause StabiliTrak¨ to activate.

Erasing Speed Memory

When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, your cruise control set speed memory is erased.

3-12

Exterior Lamps

The control on the driverÕs side of your instrument panel operates the exterior lamps.

The exterior lamp control has four positions:

Ø (Defeat): Turn the control to this position to turn off the DRL. Vehicles Þrst sold in Canada cannot turn

off the DRL.

i (Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)):Turning the control to this position selects the DRL. When the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P), the DRL will turn on, unless defeated. When the DRL are active, the DRL indicator will illuminate.

;(Parking Lamps): Turn the control to this position to turn on the parking lamps, together with the following:

¥Instrument Panel Lights

¥Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) (Canada)

¥Sidemarker Lamps

¥Taillamps

¥License Plate Lamps

If the DRL are active when the control is turned to this position, the DRL will turn off.

For vehicles Þrst sold in Canada, the DRL will remain active along with the lamps mentioned above.

5(Headlamps): Turn the control to this position to turn on the headlamps together with the parking lamps and turn off the daytime running lamps.

You can switch your headlamps from high to low-beamby pulling the turnsignal/high-beamlever toward you.

A circuit breaker protects your headlamps. If you have an electrical overload, your headlamps will ßicker on and off. Have your headlamp wiring checked right away if this happens.

3-13

Headlamps on Reminder

A reminder chime will sound when your control is turned to the headlamps or parking lamps position, your key

is out of the ignition, and your driverÕs door is open. To disable the chime, turn the control to the Daytime Running Lamp (DRL) position and then back to the parking lamps or headlamps position.

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for others to see the front of your vehicle during the

day. DRL can be helpful in many different driving conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the short periods after dawn and before sunset. Fully functional daytime running lamps are required on all vehicles

Þrst sold in Canada.

The DRL system will come on when the following conditions are met:

¥the ignition is on,

¥the exterior lamps control is in DRL mode and not in the defeat position.

When the DRL are on, only your parking lamps will be on. The other lamps will not be on. The instrument panel will be lit.

When you turn the headlamp switch off, the headlamps will go off, and your DRL lamps (parking lamps) will illuminate.

To turn off the DRL, turn the exterior lamp control to the off position or shift into PARK (P). The DRL will stay

off until the control is toggled again or the vehicle is shifted out of PARK (P).

This procedure applies only to vehicles Þrst sold in the United States.

Instrument Panel Brightness

Press this knob located next to the exterior lamps knob to extend it, and then turn it to adjust the instrument panel brightness.

Turn the knob all the way clockwise to turn on the interior lamps. Press the knob back into its stored position when not in use.

3-14

Dome Lamps

The dome lamps will automatically come on when a door is opened and turn off shortly after all doors are closed.

Dome Lamp Override

You can use the dome lamp override button, located below the exterior lamp control, to override the automatic operation of the dome lamps.

To turn the automatic operation of the lamps off, press the button. The dome lamps will remain off while a door is open. To return the lamps to automatic operation, press the button again.

While pressed in, this will override the illuminated entry feature unless you use your keyless entry transmitter to unlock the vehicle.

Entry Lighting

Your vehicle is equipped with an illuminated entry feature.

When a door is opened, the dome lamps will come on if the dome override button is in the out position. If the dome override button is pressed in, the lamps will

not come on. When the door is closed, the interior lamps will remain on for a period of 15 seconds or until the vehicle is started.

Exit Lighting

With exit lighting, the interior lamps will come on for a period of 40 seconds when you remove the key from the ignition. The lamps will not come on if the dome override button is pressed in.

Reading Lamps

To turn on the reading lamps, press the button located next to each lamp. To turn them off, press the button again.

3-15

Battery Run-DownProtection

This feature shuts off the exterior and interior lamps if they are left on after the ignition is turned off. All exterior lamps will shut off after 10 minutes. Interior cargo lamps will shut down after 20 minutes and all other interior lamps after 10 minutes.

Accessory Power Outlet(s)

With accessory power outlets you can plug in auxiliary electrical equipment such as a cellular telephone or CB radio.

Your vehicle may have two accessory power outlets. If your vehicle has a cigarette lighter/accessory

power outlet, it is located on the driverÕs side of the front storage compartment. The other accessory power

outlet is located on the passengerÕs side of the front storage compartment.

To use the outlet, lift the cover. When not using it, always close the cover.

Certain power accessory plugs may not be compatible to the accessory power outlet and could result in blown vehicle or adapter fuses. If you experience a problem, see your dealer for additional information on the accessory power plugs.

Notice: Adding any electrical equipment to your vehicle may damage it or keep other components from working as they should. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not use equipment exceeding maximum amperage rating. Check

with your dealer before adding electrical equipment.

When adding electrical equipment, be sure to follow the proper installation instructions included with

the equipment.

Notice: Improper use of the power outlet can cause damage not covered by your warranty. Do not

hang any type of accessory or accessory bracket from the plug because the power outlets are designed for accessory power plugs only.

3-16

Ashtray(s) and Cigarette Lighter

Your vehicle may have this feature. The front ashtray can be placed in the instrument panel extension at

the center of the instrument panel. Lift up on the ashtray door to open it.

Notice: If you put papers, pins, or other flammable items in the ashtray, hot cigarettes or other smoking materials could ignite them and possibly damage your vehicle. Never put flammable items in the ashtray.

To use the cigarette lighter, push it in all the way and let go. When itÕs ready, it will pop back out by itself.

Notice: Holding a cigarette lighter in while it

is heating will not allow the lighter to back away from the heating element when it is hot. Damage from overheating may occur to the lighter or heating element, or a fuse could be blown. Do not hold a cigarette lighter in while it is heating.

Climate Controls

Climate Control System

With this system you can control the heating, cooling and ventilation for your vehicle.

Turn the right knob clockwise or counterclockwise to direct the airßow inside of your vehicle.

3-17

To change the current mode, select one of the following:

H (Vent): This mode directs air to the instrument panel outlets.

) (Bi-Level): This mode directs about half of the air to the instrument panel outlets, then directs most of the remaining air to the ßoor outlets. Some air may be directed toward the windshield.

6 (Floor): This mode directs most of the air to the ßoor outlets with some air directed to the outboard outlets (for the side windows) and some air directed to the windshield.

The right knob can also be used to select the defrost and defog modes. Information on defogging and defrosting can be found later in this section.

9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the fan speed.

Temperature Control: Turn the center knob clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the temperature inside your vehicle.

If your vehicle has air conditioning, your heating/air conditioning controls will look like this:

On hot days, open the windows to let hot inside air escape; then close them. This helps to reduce the time it takes for your vehicle to cool down. It also helps

the system to operate more efficiently.

A/C (Air Conditioning): This setting will begin to cool and dehumidify the air inside of your vehicle.

MAX A/C (Maximum Air Conditioning): Turn the right knob to MAX A/C for maximum cooling. This setting cools the air the fastest, by recirculating the inside air.

3-18

Defogging and Defrosting

Fog on the inside of windows is a result of high humidity (moisture) condensing on the cool window glass. This can be minimized if the climate control is used properly. There are two modes to clear fog or frost from your windshield and side windows.

Use the defog mode to clear the windows of fog or moisture and warm the passengers. Use the defrost mode to remove fog or frost from the windshield more quickly. For best results, clear all snow and ice from the windshield before defrosting.

Turn the knob on the right of the climate control panel to select the defog or defrost mode.

-(Defog): With this setting, the outside air comes out of both the ßoor and defroster outlets. Adjust the temperature knob for warmer or cooler air. The air conditioning compressor may operate in this setting to dehumidify the air.

1(Defrost): This setting operates the defroster. Most of the air comes out near the windshield, with some going to the ßoor outlets and front side windows. The air conditioning compressor may operate in this setting to dehumidify the air.

The defog setting is useful for cold weather with a large number of passengers or very humid conditions to

help keep the windshield clear. Use defrost to remove fog or ice from the windshield quickly in extremely

cold conditions. The temperature knob should be in the red area and the fan control toward high. Do not

drive the vehicle until all the windows are clear.

3-19

Rear Window Defogger

Some vehicles may have a rear window defogger.

< R. DEF (Rear Defrost): Press this button to turn the rear window defogger on or off. Be sure to clear as much snow from the window as possible.

The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to remove fog or frost from the rear window and will only work when the ignition is RUN.

The rear window defogger will turn off several minutes after the button is pressed. If turned on again, the defogger will run for several more minutes before turning off. The defogger can also be turned off by pressing

the button again or by turning off the engine.

Notice: Do not use a razor blade or sharp object to clear the inside rear window. Do not adhere anything to the defogger grid lines in the rear glass. These actions may damage the rear defogger. Repairs would not be covered by your warranty.

Outlet Adjustment

Use the outlets located near the center and on the sides of the instrument panel to change the direction of airßow.

Operation Tips

¥Clear away any ice, snow or leaves from the air inlets at the base of the windshield that may block the ßow of air into your vehicle.

¥Use of non-GMapproved hood deßectors may adversely affect the performance of the system.

¥Keep the path under the front seats clear of objects to help circulate the air inside of your vehicle more effectively.

3-20

Rear Heating System

Your vehicle may have a rear heating system that allows you to adjust the amount of air ßowing into the rear of the vehicle, from the front-seatingarea. This feature works with the mainclimate-controlsystem in your vehicle.

HI: Turn the thumbwheel to this position to supply the most amount of heat to therear-seatingarea.

LO: Turn the thumbwheel to this position to supply the least amount of heat to therear-seatingarea.

OFF: Turn the thumbwheel to this position to turn the rear heating system off.

REAR HEAT: The thumbwheel for this system is located to the left of the audio system.

9 (Fan): Turn the thumbwheel up or down to increase or decrease the amount of heated air sent to therear-seatingarea.

Rear Air Conditioning and Heating

System

Your vehicle may have a rear heating and air-conditioningsystem. This system regulates the temperature, the fan speed and the air delivery for therear-seatpassengers only. It also works with the mainclimate-controlsystem in your vehicle.

Front Climate Control Panel

3-21

Use this control panel when you would like to maintain a separate temperature setting. Adjust the direction

of the airßow or adjust the fan speed for the rear seat passenger(s).

Rear Climate Control Panel

If your vehicle has a 135 inch (343 cm) wheelbase, a rear control panel for this system is located in the second row behind the driver in the rear of your vehicle. A rear seat passenger can use this control panel to personally adjust the temperature, the direction of the airßow and the fan speed for the rear seating area.

The fan knob located on the front climate control panel must be turned to REAR CNTL to allow a rear seat passenger to use the control panel in the rear seating area. Performing this action disables the front control panel. To return control to this panel, move the fan knob out of REAR CNTL.

Turn the center knob clockwise or counterclockwise to change the direction of the airßow in the rear seating area.

To change the current mode, select one of the following:

H (Vent): Use this mode to direct air to the upper outlets, with a little air directed to the ßoor outlets.

2(Floor): Use this mode to direct most of the air to the ßoor outlets.

9 (Fan): Turn the left knob clockwise or counterclockwise to HIGH, MED (Medium) or LOW to increase or decrease the fan speed in therear-seatingarea. Turn the knob to OFF to turn off the fan.

Temperature Control: To increase or decrease the temperature for the rear of the vehicle, turn the right knob located on theclimate-controlpanel.

The air-conditioningsystem on the main climate control panel must be turned on to direct cooled air to the

rear of the vehicle. If it is not on, then the temperature in the rear of the vehicle will remain at cabin temperature.

Be sure to keep the area under the front seats clear of any objects so that the air inside of your vehicle can circulate effectively.

For information on how to use the main climate control system, see Climate Control System on page 3-17.

For information on ventilation, see Outlet Adjustment on page 3-20.

3-22

Warning Lights, Gages, and

Indicators

This part describes the warning lights and gages that may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you locate them.

Warning lights and gages can signal that something is wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause

an expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to your warning lights and gages could also save you

or others from injury.

Warning lights come on when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicleÕs functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages, some

warning lights come on brießy when you start the engine

just to let you know theyÕre working. If you are familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed when this happens.

Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem with one of your vehicleÕs functions. Often gages

and warning lights work together to let you know when thereÕs a problem with your vehicle.

When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows there may be a problem, check the section that tells you what to do about it. Please follow this manualÕs advice. Waiting to do repairs can be costly Ð and even dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights and gages. TheyÕre a big help.

3-23

Instrument Panel Cluster

United States version shown, Canada similar

The instrument panel cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how the vehicle is running. You will know how fast you are going, how much fuel you are using, and many other things you will need to know to drive safely

and economically.

3-24

Speedometer and Odometer

Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h).

Your odometer shows how far your vehicle has

been driven, in either miles (used in the United States) or kilometers (used in Canada).

Your vehicle has a tamper resistant odometer. The digital odometer will read 999,999 if someone tries to turn it back.

You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the mileage total of the old odometer, then it must

be. But if it canÕt, then itÕs set at zero and a label must be put on the driverÕs door to show the old mileage reading when the new odometer was installed.

Trip Odometer

The trip odometer can tell you how far your vehicle has been driven since you last set the trip odometer to zero.

Press the reset button, located on the instrument panel cluster next to the trip odometer display, to toggle between the trip odometer and the regular odometer. Holding the reset button for approximately one second while the trip odometer is displayed will reset it.

To display the odometer reading with the ignition off, press the reset button.

Engine Speed Limiter

Your vehicle may have this feature. This system automatically controls top vehicle speed. The system controller receives a signal from the vehicle speed sensor and reduces power when the vehicle speed reaches the maximum 65 mph (105 km/h) governed speed.

3-25

Safety Belt Reminder Light

When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will be provided for several seconds to remind people to buckle their safety belts. The driver safety belt light will also be provided and stay on for several seconds, then it will ßash for several more. You should buckle your seat belt.

This chime and light will be repeated if the driver remains unbuckled and the vehicle is in motion.

If the driverÕs belt is buckled, neither the chime nor the light will be provided.

Passenger Safety Belt

Reminder Light

If equipped, several seconds after the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will sound for several seconds to remind the front passenger to buckle their safety belt. This would only occur if the passenger airbag is enabled. See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-74 for more information. The passenger safety belt light will also come on and stay on for several seconds, then it will ßash for several more.

This chime and light will be repeated if the passenger remains unbuckled and the vehicle is in motion.

If the passengerÕs safety belt is buckled, neither the chime nor the light will come on.

3-26

Airbag Readiness Light

There is an airbag readiness light on the instrument panel, which shows the airbag symbol. The system checks the airbagÕs electrical system for malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical problem.

The system check includes the airbag sensor, the airbag modules, the wiring and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more information on the airbag system, see Airbag System on page 1-65.

This light will come on when you start your vehicle, and it will ßash for a few seconds. Then the light should go out. This means the system is ready.

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start the vehicle or comes on when you are driving, your

airbag system may not work properly. Have your vehicle serviced right away.

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle, it means the airbag system may not be working properly. The airbags in your vehicle may not inflate in a crash, or they could even inflate without a crash. To help avoid injury to yourself or others, have your vehicle serviced right away if the airbag readiness light stays on after you start your vehicle.

The airbag readiness light should ßash for a few seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesnÕt come on then, have it Þxed so it will

be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

3-27

Airbag Off Light

If your vehicle is equipped with an airbag off switch, when you turn the right front passengerÕs airbag off, the airbag off light will come on and stay on to remind

you that the airbag has been turned off. This light will go off when you turn the airbag back on again. See

Airbag Off Switch on page1-71for more on this, including important safety information.

United States

Canada

{CAUTION:

If the right front passenger’s airbag is turned off for a person who is not in a risk group identified by the national government, that person will not have the extra protection of an airbag. In a crash, the airbag will not be able to inflate and help protect the person sitting there.

Do not turn off the passenger’s airbag unless the person sitting there is in a risk group identified by the national government. See

Airbag Off Switch on page1-71for more on this, including important safety information.

3-28

{CAUTION:

If the airbag readiness light ever comes on when you have turned off the airbag, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. The right front passenger’s airbag could inflate even though the switch is off. If this ever happens, do not let anyone whom the national government has identified as a member of a passenger airbag risk group sit in the right front passenger’s position (for example, do not secure a rear-facingchild restraint in your vehicle) until you have your vehicle serviced. SeeAirbag Off Switch on page 1-71.

Passenger Airbag Status Indicator

If your vehicle has the passenger sensing system then your instrument panel has a passenger airbag status indicator.

Passenger Airbag

Passenger Airbag

Status Indicator –

Status Indicator –

United States

Canada

When the ignition key is turned to RUN or START, the passenger airbag status indicator will light ON and OFF, or the symbol for on and off, for several seconds as a system check. Then, after several more seconds, the status indicator will light either ON or OFF, or either the on or off symbol to let you know the status of the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag.

3-29

If your vehicle has a rear seat, it will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint. A label on your sun visor says, ÒNever put arear-facingchild seat in the front.Ó This

is because the risk to the rear-facingchild is so great, if the airbag deploys.

{CAUTION:

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system is failsafe, and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be secured in the rear seat, even if the airbag is off.

If your vehicle does not have a rear seat that will accommodate a rear-facingchild restraint, never put a child in arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger seat the unless passenger airbag status indicator shows off. Never put a rear facing child restraint in the right front passenger seat unless the airbag is off. Here is why:

{CAUTION:

Even though the passenger sensing system is designed to turn off the passenger’s frontal airbag if the system detects a rear-facingchild restraint, no system isfail-safe,and no one can guarantee that an airbag will not deploy under some unusual circumstance, even though it is turned off. We recommend thatrear-facingchild restraints be transported in vehicles with a rear seat that will accommodate arear-facingchild restraint, whenever possible.

3-30

If the word ON or the on symbol is lit on the passenger airbag status indicator, it means that the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag is enabled (may inßate).

{CAUTION:

If the on indicator comes on when you have a rear-facingchild restraint installed in the right front passenger’s seat, it means that the passenger sensing system has not turned off the passenger’s frontal airbag. A child in arear-facingchild restraint can be seriously injured or killed if the right front passenger’s airbag inflates. This is because the back of therear-facingchild restraint would be very close to the inflating airbag. Do not use arear-facingchild restraint in the right front passenger’s seat if the airbag is turned on.

If the word OFF or the off symbol is lit on the airbag status indicator, it means that the passenger sensing system has turned off the right front passengerÕs frontal airbag. See Passenger Sensing System on page 1-74 for more on this, including important safety information.

If, after several seconds, all status indicator lights remain on, or if there are no lights at all, there may be a problem with the lights or the passenger sensing system. See your dealer for service.

{CAUTION:

If the off indicator and the airbag readiness light ever come on together, it means that something may be wrong with the airbag system. If this ever happens, have the vehicle serviced promptly, because an adult-sizeperson sitting in the right front passenger seat may not have the protection of the frontal airbag. SeeAirbag Readiness Light on

page 3-27.

3-31

Charging System Light

Voltmeter Gage

This light should come on brießy when you turn on the ignition, before starting the engine, as a check

to show you it is working.

After the engine starts, the light should go out. If it stays on or comes on while you are driving, you may have

a problem with your charging system. It could indicate a problem with the generator drive belt, or some other charging system problem. Have it checked right away. Driving while this light is on could drain your battery.

If you must drive a short distance with this light

on, it helps to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio and air conditioner.

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When your engine is not running, but the ignition is on (in the RUN position), this gage shows your batteryÕs state of charge in DC volts.

When the engine is running, the gage shows the condition of the charging system. Readings between the low and high warning zones indicate the normal operating range.

Readings in the low warning zone may occur when a large number of electrical accessories are operating in the vehicle and the engine is left at an idle for an extended period. This condition is normal since the charging system is not able to provide full power

at engine idle. As engine speeds are increased, this condition should correct itself as higher engine speeds allow the charging system to create maximum power.

You can only drive for a short time with the reading in either warning zone. If you must drive, turn off all unnecessary accessories.

Readings in either warning zone indicate a possible problem in the electrical system. Have the vehicle serviced as soon as possible.

Brake System Warning Light

With the ignition on, the brake system warning light will come on when you set your parking brake. The light will stay on if your parking brake doesnÕt release fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully released,

it means you have a brake problem.

Your vehicleÕs hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part isnÕt working, the other part can still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you

need both parts working well.

If the warning light comes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.

If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the

ßoor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle towed for service. See Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-35.

{CAUTION:

Your brake system may not be working properly if the brake system warning light is on. Driving with the brake system warning light on can lead to an accident. If the light is still on after you have pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.

United States

Canada

This light should come on brießy when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If it doesnÕt come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if thereÕs a problem.

3-33

Anti-LockBrake System Warning

Light

With the anti-lockbrake system, this light will come on when you start your engine and may stay on for several seconds. ThatÕs normal.

If the light stays on, or comes on when youÕre driving, your vehicle needs service. If the regular brake system warning light isnÕt on, you still have brakes, but you donÕt have anti-lockbrakes. If the regular brake

system warning light is also on, you donÕt have anti-lockbrakes and thereÕs a problem with your regular

brakes. See Brake System Warning Light on page3-33for more information.

The anti-lockbrake system warning light should come on brießy when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If

the light doesnÕt come on then, have it Þxed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.

StabiliTrak® Not Ready Light

If your vehicle has the StabiliTrak¨ system, this light will come

on according to the description table for the StabiliTrak¨ system.

For more information, see StabiliTrak® System on page 4-9.

You will hear three chimes if the light turns on and one chime if the light turns off.

3-34

StabiliTrak® Indicator Light

If you have the StabiliTrak¨ system, this light will be on or ßashing, according to the description table for the StabiliTrak¨ system.

For more information, see StabiliTrak® System on page 4-9.

You will hear three chimes if the light turns on and one chime if the light turns off.

If this light remains on steady, your vehicle needs to be taken in for service.

Engine Coolant Temperature Gage

United States

Canada

This gage shows the engine coolant temperature.

If the gage pointer moves into the red area your engine is too hot!

It means that your engine coolant has overheated.

If you have been operating your vehicle under normal operating conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your vehicle, and turn off the engine as soon

as possible.

See Engine Overheating on page5-24.

3-35

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

Check Engine Light

Your vehicle is equipped with a computer which monitors operation of the fuel, ignition, and emission control systems.

This system is called OBD II (On-BoardDiagnostics-SecondGeneration) and is intended to assure that emissions are at acceptable levels for the life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment. The Check Engine light comes on to indicate that there is a problem and service is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated by the system before any problem is apparent. This may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist your service technician in correctly diagnosing any malfunction.

Notice: If you keep driving your vehicle with this light on, after awhile, your emission controls may not work as well, your fuel economy may not be as good, and your engine may not run as smoothly. This could lead to costly repairs that may not be covered by your warranty.

3-36

Notice: Modifications made to the engine, transmission, exhaust, intake, or fuel system of your vehicle or the replacement of the original tires with other than those of the same Tire Performance Criteria (TPC) can affect your vehicle’s emission controls and may cause this light to come on. Modifications to these systems could lead to costly repairs not covered by your warranty. This may also result in a failure to pass a required Emission Inspection/Maintenance test. SeeAccessories

and Modifications on page5-3.

This light should come on, as a check to show you it is working, when the ignition is on and the engine is

not running. If the light does not come on, have it repaired. This light will also come on during a malfunction in one of two ways:

¥Light Flashing Ñ A misÞre condition has been detected. A misÞre increases vehicle emissions and may damage the emission control system on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

¥Light On Steady Ñ An emission control system malfunction has been detected on your vehicle. Diagnosis and service may be required.

If the Light Is Flashing

The following may prevent more serious damage to your vehicle:

¥Reducing vehicle speed

¥Avoiding hard accelerations

¥Avoiding steep uphill grades

¥If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible

If the light stops ßashing and remains on steady, see ÒIf the Light Is On SteadyÓ following.

If the light continues to ßash, when it is safe to do so, stop the vehicle. Find a safe place to park your vehicle. Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the engine. If the light remains on steady, see ÒIf

the Light Is On SteadyÓ following. If the light is still ßashing, follow the previous steps, and see your dealer for service as soon as possible.

If the Light Is On Steady

You may be able to correct the emission system malfunction by considering the following:

Did you recently put fuel into your vehicle?

If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install the cap. See Filling the Tank on page 5-8.The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel cap has

been left off or improperly installed. A loose or missing fuel cap will allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly installed should turn the light off.

Did you just drive through a deep puddle of water?

If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition will usually be corrected when the electrical system dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.

Have you recently changed brands of fuel?

If so, be sure to fuel your vehicle with quality fuel. See

Gasoline Octane on page5-5. Poor fuel quality will cause your engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you put the vehicle into gear, misÞring, hesitation on acceleration, or stumbling on acceleration. (These conditions may go away once the engine is warmed up.) This will be detected by the system and cause the

light to turn on.

If you experience one or more of these conditions, change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.

If none of the above steps have made the light turn off, your dealer can check the vehicle. Your dealer has

the proper test equipment and diagnostic tools to Þx any mechanical or electrical problems that may have developed.

3-37

Emissions Inspection and Maintenance

Programs

Some state/provincial and local governments have or may begin programs to inspect the emission control equipment on your vehicle. Failure to pass this inspection could prevent you from getting a vehicle registration.

Here are some things you need to know to help your vehicle pass an inspection:

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the Check Engine light is on or not working properly.

Your vehicle will not pass this inspection if the OBD (on-boarddiagnostic) system determines that critical emission control systems have not been completely diagnosed by the system. The vehicle would be considered not ready for inspection. This can happen if you have recently replaced your battery or if your battery has run down. The diagnostic system is designed to evaluate critical emission control systems during normal driving. This may take several days

of routine driving. If you have done this and your vehicle still does not pass the inspection for lack of OBD system readiness, your GM dealer can prepare the vehicle for inspection.

Oil Pressure Gage

United States

Canada

The oil pressure gage shows the engine oil pressure in psi (pounds per square inch) when the engine is running. Canadian vehicles indicate pressure in kPa (kilopascals).

Oil pressure may vary with engine speed, outside temperature and oil viscosity, but readings above the low pressure zone indicate the normal operating range.

3-38

A reading in the low pressure zone may be caused by a dangerously low oil level or other problem causing

low oil pressure. Check your oil as soon as possible.

{CAUTION:

Do not keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If you do, your engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others could be burned.

Check your oil as soon as possible and have your vehicle serviced.

Notice: Lack of proper engine oil maintenance may damage the engine. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the maintenance schedule in this manual for changing engine oil.

Change Engine Oil Light

This light is displayed when your vehicle needs to be serviced.

If your vehicle has a V8 engine and this light is ßashing, it indicates that the oil level is low.

When this light is on steady, your vehicle needs to be serviced. See Scheduled Maintenance (Gasoline Engine) on page 6-4 for more information.

Once the engine oil has been changed, the change engine oil light must be reset. Until it is reset, the light will stay on for a while each time the engine is started. For more information on resetting the system, see ÒHow to Reset the Engine Oil Life SystemÓ

under Engine Oil Life System (Gasoline Engine) on page5-16.

3-39

Security Light

 

 

 

Cruise Control Light

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States

Canada

United States

Canada

The light will stay on until the engine starts. If the light ßashes, the Passlock¨ System has entered a tamper mode. If the vehicle fails to start, seePasslock®

on page 2-17.

If the light comes on continuously while driving and stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock¨ System. Your vehicle will not be protected by Passlock¨, and you should see your GM dealer.

The cruise light comes on whenever you set your cruise control. See Cruise Control on page 3-10 for more information.

3-40

Reduced Engine Power Light

Highbeam On Light

United States

Canada

If the check engine and reduced engine power lights are on, the throttle may be disabled and a noticeable reduction in the vehicleÕs performance may occur.

If the reduced engine power light is on, but there is no reduction in performance, proceed to your destination. The performance may be reduced the next time

the vehicle is driven. The vehicle may be driven at a reduced speed while the reduced engine power light is on, but acceleration and speed may be reduced.

Anytime the check engine light stays on, the vehicle should be taken to an authorized GM dealer as soon as possible for service.

This light will come on when the high-beamheadlamps are in use.

See Headlamp High/Low-Beam Changer on page3-8.

Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)

Indicator Light

You have this light on the instrument panel. It will light whenever the DRL are on. It is also a reminder

to turn on your headlamps when driving at night.

3-41

Tow/Haul Mode Light

Fuel Gage

This message is displayed when the tow/haul mode has been activated.

For more information, see ÒTow/Haul ModeÓ in Towing a Trailer on page 4-37.

Check Gages Warning Light

United States

Canada

This light will come on brießy when you are starting the engine.

If the light comes on and stays on while you are driving, check your coolant temperature and engine oil pressure gages to see if they are in the warning zones.

3-42

United States

Canada

The fuel gage, when the ignition is on, tells you about how much fuel you have left in your tank.

The gage will Þrst indicate empty before you are out of fuel, and you should get more fuel as soon as possible.

Listed are four situations you may experience with your fuel gage:

¥At the gas station, the fuel pump shuts off before the gage reads full.

¥It takes a little more or less fuel to Þll up than the fuel gage indicated. For example, the gage may have indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a little more or less than half the tankÕs capacity to Þll the tank.

¥The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or speed up.

¥The gage doesnÕt go back to empty when you turn off the ignition.

None of these indicate a problem with the fuel gage.

Audio System(s)

If your vehicle came without a radio, the wiring provisions for a radio and an antenna were installed at the assembly plant, so that if you want, a radio can be installed at the dealer.

Determine which radio your vehicle has and then read the pages following to familiarize yourself with its features.

Driving without distraction is a necessity for a safer driving experience. See Defensive Driving on page 4-2.By taking a few moments to read this manual and

get familiar with your vehicleÕs audio system, you can use it with less effort, as well as take advantage of its features. While your vehicle is parked, set up your

audio system by presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the tone and adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite stations using the presets and steering

wheel controls (if equipped).

{CAUTION:

This system provides you with a far greater access to audio stations and song listings. Giving extended attention to entertainment tasks while driving can cause a crash and you or others can be injured or killed. Always keep your eyes on the road and your mind on the drive — avoid engaging in extended searching while driving.

Keeping your mind on the drive is important for safe driving. For more information, see Defensive Driving on page 4-2.Get familiar with your vehicleÕs audio system so you can use it with less effort and take full advantage of its features.

Here are some ways in which you can help avoid distraction while driving.

3-43

While your vehicle is parked:

¥Familiarize yourself with all of its controls.

¥Familiarize yourself with its operation.

¥Set up your audio system by presetting your favorite radio stations, setting the tone, and adjusting the speakers. Then, when driving conditions permit, you can tune to your favorite radio stations using the presets and steering wheel controls (if equipped).

Notice: Before adding any sound equipment to your vehicle, such as an audio system, CD player, CB radio, mobile telephone, ortwo-wayradio, make sure that it can be added by checking with your dealer. Also, check federal rules covering mobile radio and telephone units. If sound equipment can be added, it is very important to do it properly. Added sound equipment may interfere with

the operation of your vehicle’s engine, radio, or other systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may interfere with the operation of sound equipment that has been added.

Your vehicle may have a feature called Retained Accessory Power (RAP). With RAP, the audio system can be played even after the ignition is turned off.

See Retained Accessory Power (RAP) on page2-18for more information.

Setting the Time for Radios without Radio Data Systems (RDS)

Press and hold the HR or MIN arrow for two seconds. Then press HR until the correct hour appears on

the display. Press and hold MIN until the correct minute appears on the display. The time may be set with the ignition on or off.

Setting the Time for Radios with Radio Data Systems (RDS)

The radio may have a button marked with an H or HR to represent hours and an M or MN to represent minutes.

Press and hold the hour button until the correct hour appears on the display. Press and hold the minute button until the correct minute appears on the display. The time can be set with the ignition on or off.

To synchronize the time with an FM station broadcasting Radio Data System (RDS) information, press and hold the hour and minute buttons at the same time until RDS TIME appears on the display. To accept this time, press and hold the hour and minute buttons, at the same time, for another two seconds. If the time is not available from the station, NO UPDAT will appear on the display.

RDS time is broadcast once a minute. After tuning to an RDS broadcast station, it may take a few minutes for the time to update.

3-44

AM-FMRadio

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on and off.

VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease the volume.

RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display between the radio station frequency and the time. When the ignition is off, press this knob to display the time.

Finding a Station

AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.

TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.

o SEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.

To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to

the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.

To scan preset stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for more than four seconds until you hear

two beeps. The radio will go to the Þrst preset station stored on your pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning presets.

The radio will only seek and scan stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

3-45

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM) can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station

that was set will return.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

AUDIO: To adjust the bass and the treble, press and release AUDIO until BAS or TRE appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to increase or to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.

To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select BAS or TRE. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and a zero or T and a zero will appear on the display.

To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle position, Þrst end out of audio mode

by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform that function, or by waiting Þve seconds for the display to return to time of day. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN

will appear on the display.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press and release the AUDIO

button until BAL appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press and release AUDIO until FAD appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.

The fade feature may not be available on all radio systems.

To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select BAL or FAD. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a zero or F and a zero will appear on the display.

3-46

To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle position, Þrst end out of audio mode

by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform that function, or by waiting Þve seconds for the display to return to time of day. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN

will appear on the display.

Radio Messages

CAL (Calibration): The audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL appears on the display it means that the radio has not been conÞgured properly for your vehicle and must be returned to the dealer for service.

LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK¨ system has locked up. Take the vehicle to the dealer for service.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.

Radio with CD

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on and off.

VOL (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease the volume.

RCL (Recall): Press this knob to switch the display between the radio station frequency and the time. When the ignition is off, press this knob to display the time.

3-47

Finding a Station

AM FM: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, and AM. The display will show the selection.

TUNE: Turn this knob to select radio stations.

o SEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.

To scan stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for two seconds until you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to

the next station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning.

To scan preset stations, press and hold either SEEK arrow for more than four seconds until you hear

two beeps. The radio will go to the Þrst preset station stored on the pushbuttons, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press either SEEK arrow again to stop scanning presets.

The radio will only seek and scan stations, with a strong signal, that are in the selected band.

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press AM FM to select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station

that was set will return.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

AUDIO: To adjust the bass or the treble, press and release the AUDIO button until BAS or TRE appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to increase or to decrease. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.

To adjust bass or treble to the middle position, select BAS or TRE. Then press and hold the AUDIO button for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. B and

a zero or T and a zero will appear on the display.

3-48

To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle position, Þrst end out of audio mode

by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform that function, or by waiting Þve seconds for the display to return to the time of day. Then press and hold

the AUDIO button for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN will appear on the display.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, press and release the AUDIO

button until BAL appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, press and release the AUDIO button until FAD appears on the display. Then press and hold the up or the down arrow to move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.

The fade feature may not be available on all radio systems.

To adjust balance or fade to the middle position, select BAL or FAD. Then press and hold AUDIO for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. L and a zero or F and a zero will appear on the display.

To adjust both tone controls and both speaker controls to the middle position, Þrst end out of audio mode

by pressing another button, causing the radio to perform that function, or by waiting Þve seconds for the display to return to the time of day. Then press and hold

the AUDIO button for more than two seconds until you hear a beep. CEN will appear on the display.

Radio Messages

CAL (Calibration): The audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If CAL appears on the display it means that the radio has not been conÞgured properly for your vehicle and must be returned to the dealer for service.

LOC (Locked): This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK¨ system has locked up. Take the vehicle to the dealer for service.

If any error occurs repeatedly or cannot be corrected, contact your dealer.

3-49

Playing a CD

Insert a CD partway into the slot, label side up.

The player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing. CD will appear on the display. If you want to insert a CD with the ignition off, Þrst press the eject button or the RCL knob.

If you insert a CD with the radio off and the ignition on, it will start to play

If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition

or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

As each new track starts to play, the track number will appear on the display.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. There may be an increase

in skipping, difficulty in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check

the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the

CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page 3-76 for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen instead.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt

to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any

label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the beginning of the current track if more than eight seconds have played. The track number will appear on the display. If this pushbutton is held or pressed

more than once, the player will continue moving backward through the CD.

3-50

2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track. The track number will appear on the display. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more than once,

the player will continue moving forward through the CD.

3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to reverse quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track will appear on the display.

4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to advance quickly within a track. Release this pushbutton to play the passage. The elapsed time of the track

will appear on the display.

5 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RND will appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn off random play. OFF will appear on the display.

6 RPT (Repeat): Press this pushbutton once to hear a track over again. RPT will appear on the display.

The current track will continue to repeat. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play. OFF will appear on the display.

o SEEK p: Press the right or the left arrow to go to the next or to the previous track. The track number will appear on the display. If either arrow is held

or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving backward or forward through the CD.

RCL (Recall): Press this knob to see the current track number or how long the current track has been playing.

AM FM: Press this button to listen to the radio when a CD is playing. The inactive CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

CD: Press this button to play a CD when listening to the radio. CD will appear on the display if a CD is loaded.

Z(Eject): Press this button to eject a CD. Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the ignition and radio off if this button is pressed Þrst.

If the CD is not removed after 25 seconds, the CD will be automatically pulled back into the player. If the CD is pushed back into the player, before the 25 second

time period is complete, the player will sense an error and will try to eject the CD several times before stopping.

Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a CD after you have tried to push it manually. The playerÕs 25-secondeject timer will reset at each press of eject, causing the player to not eject the CD until the25-secondtime period has elapsed.

3-51

CD Messages

If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

¥It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

¥You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smoother, the CD should play.

¥The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

¥The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

¥There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

¥The label may be caught in the CD player.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to your dealer when reporting the problem.

3-52

Radio with Cassette and CD

Radio Data System (RDS)

The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.

With RDS, the radio can do the following:

¥Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of programming

¥Receive announcements concerning local and national emergencies

¥Display messages from radio stations

This system relies upon receiving speciÞc information from these stations and will only work when the information is available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect information that will cause the radio features to work improperly. If this happens, contact the radio station.

While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station name or call letters will appear on the display instead of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the

time of day, a program type (PTY) for current programming, and the name of the program being broadcast.

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Press this knob to turn the system on and off.

o VOL p (Volume): Turn this knob to increase or to decrease the volume.

INFO (Information): Press this knob to switch the display between the radio station frequency and the time. When the ignition is off, press this knob to display the time.

For RDS, press the INFO knob to change what appears on the display while using RDS. The display options are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the name of the program (if available).

To change the default on the display, press the INFO knob until you see the display you want, then hold

the knob until you hear a beep. The selected display will now be the default.

AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic volume, the audio system will adjust automatically to make up for road and wind noise as you drive by increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.

Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to select LOW, MEDIUM, or HIGH. AVOL will appear

on the display. Each higher setting will provide more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. To turn automatic volume off, press this button until AVOL OFF appears on the display.

3-53

Finding a Station

BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2 or AM. The display will show the selection.

o TUNE p: Turn this knob to select radio stations.

© SEEK ¨: Press either the SEEK or the TYPE arrows to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.

The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

© SCAN ¨: Press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for two seconds until SCAN appears

on the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again to stop scanning.

To scan preset stations, press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for more than four seconds. PSCN will appear on the display and you will hear a double beep. The radio will go to a preset station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again to stop scanning presets.

The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

3-54

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2 and six AM), can be programed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press BAND to select FM1, FM2 or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station

that was set will return for that pushbutton.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

To store an equalization setting to a preset station perform the following:

1.Tune to the preset station.

2.Press and release the AUTO EQ button to select the equalization setting.

Once the equalization no longer appears on the display, the equalization will be set for that preset station.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Treble)

AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob to increase or to decrease. The display will show the bass or treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.

To adjust the bass and treble to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio will produce one beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.

To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control is displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display, you will hear a beep, and

the display level will be adjusted to the middle position.

AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button to select customized equalization settings designed for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical. Selecting CUSTOM or changing bass or treble, returns the EQ to the manual bass and treble settings.

The radio will save separate AUTO EQ settings for each preset and source.

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO

knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.

To adjust the fade between the front and the rear speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FADE appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.

The fade feature may not be available on all radio systems.

To adjust the balance and fade to the middle position, push the AUDIO knob, then push it again and hold

it until the radio produces one beep. The balance and fade will be adjusted to the middle position and the display will show the speaker balance.

To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker control is displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display, you will hear a beep, and

the display level will be adjusted to the middle position.

3-55

Finding a Program Type (PTY)

Station (RDS)

To select and Þnd a desired PTY perform the following:

1.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. TYPE and a PTY will appear on the display.

2.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

3.Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and release either the TYPE or the SEEK arrows to select and to take you to the PTYÕs Þrst station.

4.To go to another station within that PTY and the PTY is displayed, press either the TYPE or the SEEK arrows once. If the PTY is not displayed, go back to Step 1.

5.Press either the TYPE or the SEEK arrows to exit program type select mode.

If the radio cannot Þnd the desired program type, NONE will appear on the display and the radio will return to the last station you were listening to.

SCAN: Scan the stations within a PTY by performing the following:

1.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. TYPE and the last selected PTY will appear on the display.

2.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

3.Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows for two seconds, and the radio will begin scanning the stations in the PTY.

4.Press either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows to stop at a station.

BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same program type. To turn alternate frequency on, press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will appear on the display. The radio may switch to stations with a stronger frequency.

To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to other stations.

3-56

Setting Preset PTYs (RDS)

These buttons have factory PTY presets. Up to

12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2), can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.

2.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. TYPE and the last selected PTY will appear on the display.

3.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the PTY that was set will return.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

RDS Messages

INFO (Information): If the current station has a message, the information symbol will appear on the display. Press this button to see the message. The message may display the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.

If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the message will appear every three seconds. To scroll through the message, press and release the INFO button. A new group of words will appear on the display after every press of the button. Once the complete message has been displayed, the information symbol will disappear from the display until another new message is received. The last message can be displayed by pressing the INFO button. You can view the last message until a new message is received

or a different station is tuned to.

Radio Messages

CAL ERR (Calibration Error): The audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If

CAL ERR appears on the display, it means that the radio has not been conÞgured properly for the vehicle and must be returned to your GM dealer for service.

LOCKED: This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK¨ system has locked up. Take the vehicle to your GM dealer for service.

If any error occurs repeatedly, or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your GM dealer.

3-57

Playing a Cassette Tape

The tape player is built to work best with tapes that are up to 30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than that are so thin they may not work well in this player. The longer side with the tape visible should face to the right. If you hear nothing or hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely. Press the eject button to remove the tape and start over.

If the ignition and radio are off, press the eject button or the INFO knob to insert and to begin play of a tape.

If the ignition is on and the radio is off, the tape can be inserted and will begin playing.

While the tape is playing, use the VOL, AUDIO, and SEEK controls just as you do for the radio. The cassette tape symbol will appear on the display and an arrow showing which side of the tape is playing. The tape player will play the other side of the tape when it reaches the end.

Cassette tape adapter kits for portable CD players will work in the cassette tape player. See ÒCD Adapter KitsÓ later for more information.

The tape bias is set automatically when a metal or chrome tape is inserted.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCassette Tape MessagesÓ later in this section.

3-58

1 PREV (Previous): The tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for previous to work. Press this pushbutton to go to

the previous selection on the tape if the current selection has been playing for less than three seconds. If pressed when the current selection has been playing from three to 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning

of the previous selection or the beginning of the current selection, depending on the position on the tape. If pressed when the current selection has been playing for more than 13 seconds, it will go to the beginning of

the current selection.

SEEK and a negative number will appear on the display while the cassette player is in the previous mode. Pressing this pushbutton multiple times will increase the number of selections to be searched back, up to −9.

2 NEXT: The tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for next to work.

Press this pushbutton to go to the next selection on the tape. Pressing this pushbutton multiple times, in next mode, will increase the number of selections to be searched forward. SEEK and a positive number

will appear on the display.

3 REV (Reverse): Press this pushbutton to quickly reverse the tape. The radio will play while the tape reverses. Press it again to return to playing speed. The station frequency and REV will appear on the display. Select stations during reverse operation by using TUNE and SEEK.

4 FWD (Forward): Press this pushbutton to quickly advance the tape. The radio will play while the

tape advances. Press this pushbutton again to return to playing speed. The station frequency and FWD will appear on the display. Select stations during forward operation by using TUNE and SEEK.

5 X SIDE: Press this pushbutton to play the other side of the tape.

©SEEK ¨: The right arrow is the same as the NEXT pushbutton, and the left arrow is the same as the PREV pushbutton. If either arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving forward or backward through the tape. SEEK and a positive

or negative number will appear on the display.

©SCAN ¨: Press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to the next selection, play for 10 seconds,

then go on to the next selection. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again, to stop scanning. The

tape must have at least three seconds of silence between each selection for scan to work.

BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

TAPE DISC: Press this button to play a cassette tape or CD when listening to the radio. The inactive tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

Z(Eject): Press this button to stop a tape when it is playing or to eject a tape when it is not playing. Eject may be activated with the radio off. Cassette tapes may be loaded with the radio off if this button is pressed Þrst.

Cassette Tape Messages

CHK TAPE (Check Tape): If this message appears on the display, the tape will not play due to one of the following errors:

¥The tape is tight and the player cannot turn the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the open end down and try to turn the right

hub counterclockwise with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat. If the hubs do not turn easily,

the tape may be damaged and should not be used in the player. Try a new tape to make sure your player is working properly.

¥The tape is broken. Try a new tape.

¥The tape is wrapped around the tape head. Attempt to get the cassette out. Try a new tape.

3-59

CLEAN: If this message appears on the display, the cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but it should be cleaned as soon as possible to prevent damage to the tapes and player. SeeCare

of the Cassette Tape Player on page3-75.

If the cassette tape is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good cassette.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to

your GM dealer when reporting the problem.

CD Adapter Kits

It is possible to use a portable CD player with the cassette tape player after activating the bypass feature on your tape player.

To activate the bypass feature, perform the following steps:

1.Turn the ignition on.

2.Turn the radio off.

3.Press and hold the TAPE DISC button for

Þve seconds. READY will appear on the display and the tape symbol on the display will ßash, indicating the feature is active.

4.Insert the adapter into the cassette tape slot. It will power up the radio and begin playing.

The override feature will remain active until the eject button is pressed.

3-60

Playing a CD

Insert a CD part way into the slot, label side up.

The player will pull it in and the CD should begin playing. If you want to insert a CD with the ignition off,

Þrst press the eject button or the INFO knob.

If the ignition or radio is turned off with the CD in the player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition

or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on the display. As each new track starts to play, the track number will appear on the display.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. There may be an increase

in skipping, difficulty in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check

the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD

is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page3-76for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen instead.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt

to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any

label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

1 PREV (Previous): Press this pushbutton to go to the beginning of the current track if more than eight seconds have played. TRACK and the track number will appear on the display. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving backward through the CD.

2 NEXT: Press this pushbutton to go to the next track. TRACK and the track number will appear on the display. If this pushbutton is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving forward through the CD.

3 REV (Reverse): Press and hold this pushbutton to quickly reverse within a track. Press and hold this pushbutton for less than two seconds to reverse at

six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to reverse at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to play the passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track

will appear on the display.

4 FWD (Forward): Press and hold this pushbutton to quickly advance within a track. Press and hold this pushbutton for less than two seconds to advance at

six times the normal playing speed. Press and hold it for more than two seconds to advance at 17 times the normal playing speed. Release this pushbutton to play the passage. ET and the elapsed time of the track

will appear on the display.

6 RDM (Random): Press this pushbutton to hear the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order. RDM ON will appear on the display. RDM T and the track

number will appear on the display when each track starts to play. Press this pushbutton again to turn

off random play. RDM OFF will appear on the display.

© SEEK ¨: Press the left arrow to go to the start of the current or to the previous track. Press the

right arrow to go to the start of the next track. If either arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving backward or forward through the CD.

3-61

© SCAN ¨: Press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to the next track, play for 10 seconds, then go on to the next track. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again, to stop scanning.

INFO (Information): Press this knob to see how long the current track has been playing. ET and the elapsed time will appear on the display. To change the default on the display, track or elapsed time, press the

knob until you see the display you want, then hold the knob for two seconds. The radio will produce one beep and the selected display will now be the default.

BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a cassette tape or CD is playing. The inactive tape or

CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

TAPE DISC: Press this button to play a cassette tape or CD when listening to the radio. The inactive

tape or CD will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

Z(Eject): Press this button to stop a CD when it is playing or to eject a CD when it is not playing. Eject may be activated with either the ignition or radio off. CDs may be loaded with the radio and ignition off if this button is pressed Þrst.

If the CD is not removed after 25 seconds, the CD will be automatically pulled back into the player. If the CD is pushed back into the player, before the 25 second

time period is complete, the player will sense an error and will try to eject the CD several times before stopping.

Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a CD after you have tried to push it manually. The playerÕs 25-secondeject timer will reset at each press of eject, causing the player to not eject the CD until the25-secondtime period has elapsed.

3-62

CD Messages

If the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

¥It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

¥You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smoother, the CD should play.

¥The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

¥The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

¥There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

¥The label may be caught in the CD player.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to

your GM dealer when reporting the problem.

Radio with Six-DiscCD

Playing the Radio

PWR (Power): Push this knob to turn the system on and off.

o VOLUME p: Turn this knob to increase or to decrease the volume.

3-63

INFO (Information): When the ignition is off, press this knob to display the time.

For RDS, press the INFO knob to change what appears on the display while using RDS. The display options are station name, RDS station frequency, PTY, and the name of the program (if available).

To change the default on the display, press the INFO knob until you see the display you want, then press and hold the knob until you hear a beep. The selected display will now be the default.

AUTO VOL (Automatic Volume): With automatic volume, the audio system will adjust automatically to make up for road and wind noise as you drive by increasing the volume as vehicle speed increases.

Set the volume at the desired level. Press this button to select MIN, MED, or MAX. AUTO VOL will appear on the display. Each higher setting will provide more volume compensation at faster vehicle speeds. To turn automatic volume off, press this button until AUTO VOL OFF appears on the display.

3-64

Finding a Station

BAND: Press this button to switch between FM1, FM2, or AM. The display will show the selection.

o TUNE p: Turn this knob to select radio stations.

© SEEK ¨: Press either the SEEK or the TYPE arrows to go to the next or to the previous station and stay there.

The radio will only seek stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

© SCAN ¨: Press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for two seconds until SCN appears on the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to a station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the

next station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again to stop scanning.

To scan preset stations, press and hold either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows for more than four seconds. PSC will appear on the display and you will hear a double beep. The radio will go to a preset station, play for a few seconds, then go on to the next preset station. Press either the SCAN or the TYPE arrows again to stop scanning presets.

The radio will only scan stations with a strong signal that are in the selected band.

Setting Preset Stations

Up to 18 stations (six FM1, six FM2, and six AM), can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Turn the radio on.

2.Press BAND to select FM1, FM2, or AM.

3.Tune in the desired station.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the station

that was set will return for that pushbutton.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

To store an equalization setting to a preset station perform the following:

1.Tune to the preset station.

2.Press and release the AUTO EQ button to select the equalization setting.

Once the equalization no longer appears on the display, the equalization will be set for that preset station.

3.To resave the preset, press and hold the preset button until a beep is heard.

Setting the Tone (Bass/Middle/Treble)

AUDIO: Push and release the AUDIO knob until BASS, MID, or TREB appears on the display. Turn the knob

to increase or to decrease. The display will show

the bass, midrange, or treble level. If a station is weak or noisy, decrease the treble.

To adjust the bass, midrange, and treble to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob. The radio

will produce one beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.

To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob when no tone or speaker controls are displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display and you will hear a beep.

AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press this button to select customized equalization settings designed

for country/western, jazz, talk, pop, rock, and classical.

To return to the manual mode, press the AUTO EQ button until CUSTOM appears on the display. Then manually adjust the bass, midrange, and treble using the AUDIO knob.

3-65

Adjusting the Speakers (Balance/Fade)

AUDIO: To adjust the balance between the right and the left speakers, push and release the AUDIO

knob until BAL appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the right or the left speakers.

To adjust the fade between the front and rear speakers, push and release the AUDIO knob until FAD appears on the display. Turn the knob to move the sound toward the front or the rear speakers.

The fade feature may not be available on all radio systems.

To adjust the balance or fade to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob while BAL or FAD

is displayed. The radio will produce one beep and adjust the display level to the middle position.

To adjust all tone and speaker controls to the middle position, push and hold the AUDIO knob while no tone or speaker controls are displayed. ALL CENTERED will appear on the display and you will hear a beep.

Radio Data System (RDS)

The audio system has a Radio Data System (RDS). RDS features are available for use only on FM stations that broadcast RDS information.

With RDS, the radio can do the following:

¥Seek to stations broadcasting the selected type of programming

¥Receive announcements concerning local and national emergencies

¥Display messages from radio stations

This system relies upon receiving speciÞc information from these stations and will only work when the information is available. In rare cases, a radio station may broadcast incorrect information that will cause the radio features to work improperly. If this happens, contact the radio station.

While the radio is tuned to an RDS station, the station name or call letters will appear on the display instead of the frequency. RDS stations may also provide the

time of day, a program type (PTY) for current programming, and the name of the program being broadcast.

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Finding a Program Type (PTY) Station

To select and Þnd a desired PTY perform the following:

1.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. P-TYPEand the last selected PTY will appear on the display.

2.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

3.Once the desired PTY is displayed, press either the TYPE or the SEEK arrows to select and to take you to the PTYÕs Þrst station.

4.To cancel the seek, press any of the TYPE or SEEK arrows. This will also exit the program

type seek mode and return to the last tuned station.

SCAN: Scan the stations within a PTY by performing the following:

1.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. P-TYPEand the last selected PTY will appear on the display.

2.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

3.Once the desired PTY is displayed, press and hold either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows for two seconds, and the radio will begin scanning the stations in the PTY.

4.Press either the TYPE or the SCAN arrows to stop scanning.

BAND (Alternate Frequency): Alternate frequency allows the radio to switch to a stronger station with the same program type. To turn alternate frequency on, press and hold BAND for two seconds. AF ON will appear on the display. The radio may switch to stations with a stronger frequency.

To turn alternate frequency off, press and hold BAND again for two seconds. AF OFF will appear on the display. The radio will not switch to other stations.

3-67

Setting Preset PTYs (RDS Only)

These pushbuttons have factory PTY presets. Up to

12 PTYs (six FM1 and six FM2), can be programmed on the six numbered pushbuttons, by performing the following steps:

1.Press BAND to select FM1 or FM2.

2.Press the TYPE button to activate program type select mode. P-TYPEand the last selected PTY will appear on the display.

3.Turn the TYPE knob or press and release the TYPE button to select a PTY.

4.Press and hold one of the six numbered pushbuttons until you hear a beep. Whenever that numbered pushbutton is pressed, the PTY that was set will return.

5.Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.

RDS Messages

INFO (Information): If the current station has a message, INFO will appear on the display. Press this button to see the message. The message may display the artist, song title, call in phone numbers, etc.

If the entire message is not displayed, parts of the message will appear every three seconds. To scroll through the message, press and release the INFO button. A new group of words will appear on the display after every press of this button. Once the complete message has been displayed, INFO will disappear from the display until another new message is received.

The last message can be displayed by pressing

the INFO button. You can view the last message until a new message is received or a different station is

tuned to.

Radio Messages

CAL ERR (Calibration Error): The audio system has been calibrated for your vehicle from the factory. If

CAL ERR appears on the display, it means that the radio has not been conÞgured properly for the vehicle and must be returned to your GM dealer for service.

LOCKED: This message is displayed when the THEFTLOCK¨ system has locked up. Take the vehicle to your GM dealer for service.

If any error occurs repeatedly, or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your GM dealer.

3-68

Playing a CD

If the ignition or radio is turned off, with a CD in the player, it will stay in the player. When the ignition

or radio is turned on, the CD will start playing where it stopped, if it was the last selected audio source.

When a CD is inserted, the CD symbol will appear on the display. As each new track starts to play, the track number will appear on the display.

The CD player can play the smaller 3 inch (8 cm) single CDs with an adapter ring. Full-sizeCDs and the smaller CDs are loaded in the same manner.

If playing a CD-R,the sound quality may be reduced due toCD-Rquality, the method of recording, the quality of the music that has been recorded, and the way theCD-Rhas been handled. There may be an increase

in skipping, difficulty in Þnding tracks, and/or difficulty in loading and ejecting. If these problems occur, check

the bottom surface of the CD. If the surface of the CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly. If the surface of the CD

is soiled, see Care of Your CDs on page3-76for more information.

If there is no apparent damage, try a known good CD.

Do not add any label to a CD, it could get caught in the CD player. If a CD is recorded on a personal computer and a description label is needed, try labeling the top of the recorded CD with a marking pen instead.

Notice: If you add any label to a CD, insert more than one CD into the slot at a time, or attempt

to play scratched or damaged CDs, you could damage the CD player. When using the CD player, use only CDs in good condition without any

label, load one CD at a time, and keep the CD player and the loading slot free of foreign materials, liquids, and debris.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

LOAD: Press this button to load CDs into the CD player. This CD player will hold up to six CDs.

To insert one CD, do the following:

1.Turn the ignition on.

2.Press and release the LOAD button.

3.Wait for the indicator light, located to the right of the slot, to turn green.

4.Load a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull the CD in.

To insert multiple CDs, do the following:

1.Turn the ignition on.

2.Press and hold the LOAD button for two seconds.

You will hear a beep and the indicator light, located to the right of the slot, will begin to ßash and MULTI LOAD # will appear on the display.

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3.Once the light stops ßashing and turns green, INSERT CD # will appear on the display, load

a CD. Insert the CD partway into the slot, label side up. The player will pull the CD in.

Once the CD is loaded, the indicator light will begin ßashing again. Once the light stops ßashing and turns green, you can load another CD. The

CD player takes up to six CDs. Do not try to load more than six.

To load more than one CD but less than six, complete Steps 1 through 3. When Þnished loading CDs,

press the LOAD button to cancel the loading function. The radio will begin to play the last CD loaded.

If more than one CD has been loaded, a number for each CD will appear on the display.

Playing a Specific Loaded CD

For every CD loaded, a number will appear on the display. To play a speciÞc CD, Þrst press the CD AUX button (if not already in CD mode), then press the numbered pushbutton that corresponds to the CD. A small bar will appear under the CD number that is playing and the track number will appear on the display.

If an error appears on the display, see ÒCD MessagesÓ later in this section.

CD Z(Eject): Press this button to eject CD(s).

To eject the CD that is currently playing, press and release this button.

To eject multiple CDs, do the following:

1.Press and hold the CD eject button for Þve seconds.

You will hear a beep and the indicator light, located to the right of the slot, will begin to ßash and EJECT ALL will appear on the display.

2.Once the light stops ßashing, REMOVE CD # will appear on the display. The CD will eject and can be removed.

Once the CD is removed, the indicator light will begin ßashing again and another CD will eject.

To stop ejecting the CDs, press the LOAD or the eject button.

If the CD is not removed, after 25 seconds, the CD will be automatically pulled back into the player. If CD is pushed back into the player, before the 25 second time period is complete, the player will sense an error

and will try to eject the CD several times before stopping.

Do not repeatedly press the CD eject button to eject a CD after you have tried to push it in manually. The playerÕs 25-secondeject timer will reset at each press of eject, causing the player to not eject the CD until the25-secondtime period has elapsed.

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{ REV (Reverse): Press and hold this button to reverse quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. The elapsed time of the track will appear on the display. Release the button to play the passage.

FWD | (Forward): Press and hold this button to advance quickly within a track. You will hear sound at a reduced volume. The elapsed time of the track will appear on the display. Release the button to play the passage.

RPT (Repeat): With repeat, one track or an entire CD can be repeated.

To use repeat, do the following:

¥To repeat the track you are listening to, press and release the RPT button. RPT will appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.

¥To repeat the CD you are listening to, press and hold the RPT button for two seconds. RPT will appear on the display. Press RPT again to turn off repeat play.

RDM (Random): With random, you can listen to the tracks in random, rather than sequential, order, on one CD or on all of the CDs. To use random, do one of the following:

¥To play the tracks on the CD you are listening to in random order, press and release the RDM button. RANDOM ONE will appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn off random play.

¥To play the tracks on all of the CDs that are loaded in random order, press and hold RDM for more than two seconds. You will hear a beep and RANDOM ALL will appear on the display. Press RDM again to turn off random play.

AUTO EQ (Automatic Equalization): Press AUTO EQ to select the equalization setting while playing a CD. The equalization will be stored whenever a CD is played. For more information on AUTO EQ, see ÒAUTO EQÓ listed previously in this section.

©SEEK ¨: Press the left arrow to go to the start of the current track (if more than 10 seconds have played), or to go to the previous track (if less than 10 seconds have played). Press the right arrow to go to the

next track. If either arrow is held or pressed more than once, the player will continue moving backward or forward through the CD.

3-71

©SCAN ¨: To scan one CD, press and hold either SCAN arrow for more than two seconds until SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep. The radio will go to the next track, play for 10 seconds, then go on to the next track. Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.

To scan all loaded CDs, press and hold either SCAN arrow for more than four seconds until CD SCAN appears on the display and you hear a beep. Use this feature to listen to 10 seconds of the Þrst track of each loaded CD. Press either SCAN arrow again, to stop scanning.

INFO (Information): Press this knob to see how long the current track has been playing. To change the default on the display, track or elapsed time, press the knob until you see the display you want, then press and hold the knob until the radio beeps. The selected display will now be the default.

BAND: Press this button to listen to the radio when a CD is playing. The inactive CD(s) will remain safely inside the radio for future listening.

Using Song List Mode

The six-discCD changer has a feature called song list. This feature is capable of saving 20 track selections.

To save tracks into the song list feature, perform the following steps:

1.Turn the CD player on and load it with at least one CD. See ÒLOAD CDÓ listed previously in this section for more information.

2.Check to see that the CD changer is not in song list mode. S-LISTshould not appear on the display. IfS-LISTis present, press the SONG LIST button to turn it off.

3.Select the desired CD by pressing the numbered pushbutton and then use the SEEK or TYPE right arrow to locate the track to be saved. The track will begin to play.

4.Press and hold the SONG LIST button to save the track into memory. When SONG LIST is pressed, one beep will be heard immediately. After

two seconds of continuously pressing the SONG LIST button, two beeps will sound to conÞrm the track has been saved.

5.Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for saving other selections.

S-LISTFULL will appear on the display if you try to save more than 20 selections.

3-72

To play the song list, press the SONG LIST button. One beep will be heard and S-LISTwill appear on the display. The recorded tracks will begin to play in

the order they were saved.

Seek through the song list by using the SEEK or TYPE arrows. Seeking past the last saved track will return

to the Þrst saved track.

To delete tracks from the song list, perform the following steps:

1.Turn the CD player on.

2.Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on. S-LISTwill appear on the display.

3.Press either SEEK or TYPE arrow to select the desired track to be deleted.

4.Press and hold the SONG LIST button for two seconds. When SONG LIST is pressed, one beep will be heard immediately. After

two seconds of continuously pressing the SONG LIST button, two beeps will be heard to conÞrm that the track has been deleted.

After a track has been deleted, the remaining tracks are moved up the list. When another track is added to the song list, the track will be added to the end of

the list.

To delete the entire song list, perform the following steps:

1.Turn the CD player on.

2.Press the SONG LIST button to turn song list on. S-LISTwill appear on the display.

3.Press and hold the SONG LIST button for more than four seconds. One beep will be heard, followed by two beeps after two seconds, and a Þnal beep will be heard after four seconds. S-LISTEMPTY will appear on the display indicating the song list has been deleted.

If a CD is ejected, and the song list contains saved tracks from that CD, those tracks are automatically deleted from the song list. Any tracks saved to the song list again are added to the bottom of the list.

To end song list mode, press the SONG LIST button. One beep will be heard and S-LISTwill be removed from the display.

3-73

CD Messages

CHECK CD: If this message appears on the display and/or the CD comes out, it could be for one of the following reasons:

¥It is very hot. When the temperature returns to normal, the CD should play.

¥You are driving on a very rough road. When the road becomes smoother, the CD should play.

¥The CD is dirty, scratched, wet, or upside down.

¥The air is very humid. If so, wait about an hour and try again.

¥There may have been a problem while burning the CD.

¥The label may be caught in the CD player.

If the CD is not playing correctly, for any other reason, try a known good CD.

If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error cannot be corrected, contact your GM dealer. If the radio displays an error message, write it down and provide it to

your GM dealer when reporting the problem.

Theft-DeterrentFeature

(Non-RDSRadios)

THEFTLOCK¨ is designed to discourage theft of your vehicleÕs radio. The feature works automatically by learning a portion of the Vehicle IdentiÞcation Number (VIN). If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it will not operate and LOC will appear on the display.

With THEFTLOCK¨ activated, the radio will not operate if stolen.

Theft-DeterrentFeature

(RDS Radios)

THEFTLOCK¨ is designed to discourage theft of your vehicleÕs radio. The feature works automatically by learning a portion of the Vehicle IdentiÞcation Number (VIN). If the radio is moved to a different vehicle, it

will not operate and LOCKED will appear on the display.

When the radio and vehicle are turned off, the blinking red light indicates that THEFTLOCK¨ is armed.

With THEFTLOCK¨ activated, the radio will not operate if stolen.

3-74

Radio Reception

You may experience frequency interference and static during normal radio reception if items such as cellphone chargers, vehicle convenience accessories, and external electronic devices are plugged into the accessory power outlet. If there is interference or static, unplug the item from the accessory power outlet.

AM

The range for most AM stations is greater than for FM, especially at night. The longer range can cause station frequencies to interfere with each other. For

better radio reception, most AM radio stations will boost the power levels during the day, and then reduce

these levels during the night. Static can also occur when things like storms and power lines interfere with radio reception. When this happens, try reducing the treble on your radio.

FM Stereo

FM stereo will give the best sound, but FM signals will reach only about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals, causing the sound to fade in and out.

Care of the Cassette Tape Player

A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes, or a damaged mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight, and extreme heat. If they are not, they may not operate properly or may cause failure of the tape player.

The tape player should be cleaned regularly after every 50 hours of use. The radio may display CLEAN to indicate that the tape player has been used for 50 hours without resetting the tape clean timer. If this message appears on the display, the cassette tape player

needs to be cleaned. It will still play tapes, but it should be cleaned as soon as possible to prevent damage

to the tapes and player. If there is a reduction in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if the tape

or the tape player is at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement in sound quality, clean the tape player.

For best results, use a scrubbing action, non-abrasivecleaning cassette with pads which scrub the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn. The recommended cleaning cassette is available through your dealer.

3-75

When cleaning the cassette tape player with the recommended non-abrasivecleaning cassette, it is possible that the cassette may eject, because the cut tape detection feature on the radio may recognize it as a broken tape, in error. To prevent the cleaning cassette from being ejected, use the following steps:

1.Turn the ignition on.

2.Turn the radio off.

3.Press and hold the TAPE DISC button for

Þve seconds. READY will appear on the display and the cassette symbol will ßash for Þve seconds.

4.Insert the scrubbing action cleaning cassette.

5.Eject the cleaning cassette after the manufacturerÕs recommended cleaning time.

When the cleaning cassette has been ejected, the cut tape detection feature will be active again.

A non-scrubbingaction,wet-typecleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean the tape head

can be used. This type of cleaning cassette will not eject on its own. A non-scrubbingaction cleaner may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.

The use of a non-scrubbingaction,dry-typecleaning cassette is not recommended.

After the player is cleaned, press and hold the eject button for Þve seconds to reset the CLEAN indicator. The radio will display ---or CLEANED to show the indicator was reset.

Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette tape is in good condition before the tape player is serviced.

Care of Your CDs

Handle CDs carefully. Store them in their original cases or other protective cases and away from direct

sunlight and dust. The CD player scans the bottom surface of the disc. If the surface of a CD is damaged, such as cracked, broken, or scratched, the CD will not play properly or not at all. If the surface of a CD is

soiled, take a soft, lint free cloth or dampen a clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution mixed with water, and clean it. Make sure the wiping process starts from the center to the edge.

Do not touch the bottom side of a CD while handling it; this could damage the surface. Pick up CDs by grasping the outer edges or the edge of the hole and the outer edge.

3-76

Care of the CD Player

The use of CD lens cleaners for CD players is not advised, due to the risk of contaminating the internal lens of the CD optics with lubricants.

Fixed Mast Antenna

The Þxed mast antenna can withstand most car washes without being damaged. If the mast should ever become slightly bent, straighten it out by hand. If the mast is badly bent, replace it.

Check occasionally to make sure the mast is still tightened to the fender. If tightening is required, tighten by hand, then with a wrench one quarter turn.

Chime Level Adjustment

The radio is used to adjust the vehicleÕs chime level.

To change the volume level of the chime, press and hold pushbutton 6 with the ignition on and the radio power off. The volume level will change from the normal

level to loud, and LOUD will appear on the radio display. To change back to the default or normal setting,

press and hold pushbutton 6 again. The volume level will change from the loud level to normal, and NORMAL will appear on the radio display. Each time the chime volume is changed, three chimes will sound to indicate the change. Removing the radio and not replacing it with a factory radio or chime module will disable vehicle chimes.

3-77

NOTES

3-78

Section 4 Driving Your Vehicle

Your Driving, the Road, and Your Vehicle

..........4-2

Defensive Driving ...........................................

4-2

Drunken Driving .............................................

4-3

Control of a Vehicle ........................................

4-5

Braking .........................................................

4-6

Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) .........................

4-7

Braking in Emergencies ...................................

4-8

Locking Rear Axle ..........................................

4-8

StabiliTrak¨ System ........................................

4-9

All-Wheel Drive (AWD) System .......................

4-11

Steering ......................................................

4-12

Off-Road Recovery .......................................

4-14

Passing .......................................................

4-14

Loss of Control .............................................

4-16

Driving at Night ............................................

4-17

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads ..................

4-18

City Driving ..................................................

4-20

Freeway Driving ...........................................

4-21

Before Leaving on a Long Trip .......................

4-22

Highway Hypnosis ........................................

4-23

Hill and Mountain Roads ................................

4-23

Winter Driving ..............................................

4-25

If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud,

 

Ice or Snow ..............................................

4-29

Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out .................

4-30

Loading Your Vehicle ....................................

4-30

Towing ..........................................................

4-35

Towing Your Vehicle .....................................

4-35

Recreational Vehicle Towing ...........................

4-35

Towing a Trailer ...........................................

4-37

4-1

Your Driving, the Road, and

Your Vehicle

Defensive Driving

The best advice anyone can give about driving is: Drive defensively.

Please start with a very important safety device in your vehicle: Buckle up. See Safety Belts: They Are for Everyone on page 1-10.

{CAUTION:

Defensive driving really means “Be ready for anything.” On city streets, rural roads, or expressways, it means “Always expect the unexpected.” Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going to be careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might do and be ready. Rear-endcollisions are about the most preventable of accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough following distance. Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving task makes proper defensive driving more difficult and can even cause a collision, with resulting injury. Ask a passenger to help do these things, or pull off the road in a safe place to do them. These simple defensive driving techniques could save your life.

4-2

Drunken Driving

Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is a national tragedy. It is the number one contributor

to the highway death toll, claiming thousands of victims every year.

Alcohol affects four things that anyone needs to drive a vehicle:

¥Judgment

¥Muscular Coordination

¥Vision

¥Attentiveness

Police records show that almost half of all motor vehicle-relateddeaths involve alcohol. In most cases, these deaths are the result of someone who was drinking and driving. In recent years, more than 16,000 annual motorvehicle-relateddeaths have been associated with the use of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.

Many adults Ñ by some estimates, nearly half the adult population Ñ choose never to drink alcohol, so they never drive after drinking. For persons under 21,

it is against the law in every U.S. state to drink alcohol. There are good medical, psychological, and developmental reasons for these laws.

The obvious way to eliminate the leading highway safety problem is for people never to drink alcohol and then drive. But what if people do? How much is Òtoo muchÓ if someone plans to drive? It is a lot less

than many might think. Although it depends on each person and situation, here is some general information on the problem.

The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends upon four things:

¥The amount of alcohol consumed

¥The drinkerÕs body weight

¥The amount of food that is consumed before and during drinking

¥The length of time it has taken the drinker to consume the alcohol

According to the American Medical Association, a 180 lb (82 kg) person who drinks three 12 ounce (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a BAC

of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the same BAC by drinking three 4 ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2ounces (45 ml) of liquors like whiskey, gin, or vodka.

4-3

It is the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the personÕs BAC would be close to 0.12 percent. A person

who consumes food just before or during drinking will have a somewhat lower BAC level.

4-4

There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have a lower relative percentage of body water

than men. Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a man of her same body weight will when each has the same number of drinks.

The law in most U.S. states, and throughout Canada, sets the legal limit at 0.08 percent. In some other countries, the limit is even lower. For example, it is

0.05 percent in both France and Germany. The BAC limit for all commercial drivers in the United States is

0.04 percent.

The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three to

six drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we have seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks,

and how quickly the person drinks them.

But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired at BAC levels above

0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of 0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a level of 0.15 percent, the chance is

25 times greater!

The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold showers will speed that up. ÒI will be carefulÓ is not the right answer. What if there is an emergency, a need to take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street? A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.

There is something else about drinking and driving that many people do not know. Medical research shows that alcohol in a personÕs system can make crash injuries worse, especially injuries to the brain, spinal cord, or heart. This means that when anyone who has been drinking Ñ driver or passenger Ñ is in a crash, that personÕs chance of being killed or permanently disabled is higher than if the person had not been drinking.

{CAUTION:

Drinking and then driving is very dangerous. Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness, and judgment can be affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You can have a serious — or even fatal — collision if you drive after drinking. Please do not drink and drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if you are with a group, designate a driver who will not drink.

Control of a Vehicle

You have three systems that make your vehicle go where you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering, and the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work at the places where the tires meet the road.

Sometimes, as when you are driving on snow or ice, it is easy to ask more of those control systems than

the tires and road can provide. That means you can lose control of your vehicle.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications

on page 5-3.

4-5

Braking

See Brake System Warning Light on page3-33.

Braking action involves perception time and reaction time.

First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal. That is perception time. Then you have to bring up your foot and do it. That is reaction time.

Average reaction time is about three-fourthsof a second. But that is only an average. It might be less with one driver and as long as two or three seconds or more with another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination, and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs, and frustration. But even inthree-fourthsof a second, a vehicle moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so keeping enough space between

your vehicle and others is important.

And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly with the surface of the road, whether it is pavement or gravel; the condition of the road, whether it is

wet, dry, or icy; tire tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the vehicle; and the amount of brake force applied.

Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive in spurts Ñ heavy acceleration followed by heavy braking Ñ rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances, you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking.

That means better braking and longer brake life.

If your engine ever stops while you are driving, brake normally but do not pump your brakes. If you do,

the pedal may get harder to push down. If your engine stops, you will still have some power brake assist.

But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications

on page 5-3.

4-6

Anti-LockBrake System (ABS)

Your vehicle has anti-lockbrakes. ABS is an advanced electronic braking system that will help prevent a braking skid.

When you start your engine and begin to drive away, your anti-lockbrake system will check itself. You may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while this test is going on. This is normal.

If there is a problem with the anti-lockbrake system, this warning light will

stay on. See Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light on page 3-34.

Let us say the road is wet and you are driving safely. Suddenly, an animal jumps out in front of you. You slam on the brakes and continue braking. Here is what happens with ABS:

A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the computer will separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at both rear wheels.

4-7

The anti-locksystem can change the brake pressure faster than any driver could. The computer is programmed to make the most of available tire and road conditions. This can help you steer around the obstacle while braking hard.

As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.

Remember: Anti-lockdoes not change the time you need to get your foot up to the brake pedal or always decrease stopping distance. If you get too close to

the vehicle in front of you, you will not have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up ahead to stop, even though you have anti-lockbrakes.

Using Anti-Lock

Do not pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down Þrmly and let anti-lockwork for you. You may feel the brakes vibrate, or you may notice some noise,

but this is normal.

Braking in Emergencies

With anti-lockbrakes, you can steer and brake at the same time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more than even the very best braking.

Locking Rear Axle

If your vehicle has this feature, your locking rear axle can give you additional traction on snow, mud, ice, sand or gravel. It works like a standard axle most of the

time, but when one of the rear wheels has no traction and the other does, this feature will allow the wheel with traction to move the vehicle.

4-8

StabiliTrak® System

If your vehicle has StabiliTrak¨, it combinesanti-lockbrake, traction and stability control systems and helps the driver maintain directional control of the vehicle in most driving conditions.

When you Þrst start your vehicle and begin to drive away, the system performs several diagnostic checks to ensure that it is working properly. You may hear or

feel the system working. This is normal and does not

mean there is a problem with your vehicle. The system should initialize before the vehicle reaches 20 mph (32 km/h). In some cases, it may take approximately

2 miles (3.2 km) of driving before the system initializes.

The following chart describes the StabiliTrak¨ not ready light and the StabiliTrak¨ indicator light.

StabiliTrak® Not Ready Light

StabiliTrak® Indicator Light

Meaning

Off

Off

StabiliTrak¨ is enabled, but

not active.

 

 

The traction control is not active.

Off

Flashing

StabiliTrak¨ is active, or the traction

control is active.

 

 

 

 

StabiliTrak¨ is disabled due to

Off

On

system fault. When on after

restarting, the vehicle needs

 

 

 

 

to be serviced.

On

Off

StabiliTrak¨ is disabled due to

system initialization or the driver

 

 

has disabled with switch.

On

Flashing

StabiliTrak¨ is not initialized and

not disabled.

 

 

The traction control is active.

4-9

For more information, see StabiliTrak® Not Ready Light on page 3-34 andStabiliTrak® Indicator Light on

page 3-35.

Pressing and holding the StabiliTrak¨ button located on the instrument panel for more than Þve seconds can turn off StabiliTrak¨ and part of the traction control system.

For your safety, the system can only be disabled when the vehicle speed is less than 20 mph (32 km/h).

You will hear three chimes and the StabiliTrak¨ not ready light will come on.

To turn on the StabiliTrak¨ system, press the StabiliTrak¨ button again. StabiliTrak¨ will automatically turn back on when the vehicle speed exceeds

20 mph (32 km/h). You will hear one chime and the StabiliTrak¨ not ready light will turn off.

When the StabiliTrak¨ system has been turned off you may still hear system noises as a result of thebrake-tractioncontrol coming on.

It is recommended to leave the system on for normal driving conditions, but it may be necessary to turn

the system off if your vehicle is stuck in sand, mud, ice or snow, and you want to ÒrockÓ your vehicle to attempt to free it. See If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow on page 4-29.

StabiliTrak® System Operation

The StabiliTrak¨ system is normally on, except when the system is initializing or has been disabled with the StabiliTrak¨ button. The StabiliTrak¨ system will automatically activate to assist the driver in maintaining vehicle directional control in most driving conditions. When activated, the StabiliTrak¨ system may reduce engine power to the wheels and apply braking to individual wheels as necessary to assist the driver with vehicle directional control. If your vehicle is in cruise control when the system activates, the StabiliTrak¨ indicator light on the instrument panel will ßash, and the cruise control will automatically disengage. When the StabiliTrak¨ system is no longer active, you mayre-engagethe cruise control. SeeCruise Control on page 3-10.

The StabiliTrak¨ system may also turn off automatically if it determines that a problem exists with the system. If the problem does not clear itself after restarting

the vehicle, you should see your dealer for service.

4-10

Traction Control Operation

The traction control system is part of the StabiliTrak¨ system. Traction control limits wheel spin by reducing engine power to the wheels (engine speed management) and by applying brakes to each individual wheel(brake-tractioncontrol) as necessary.

If the brake-tractioncontrol system activates constantly or if the brakes have heated up due to high speed braking, thebrake-tractioncontrol will be automatically disabled. The system will come back on after the brakes have cooled. This can take up to two minutes or longer depending on brake usage.

The traction control system may activate on dry or rough roads or under conditions such as heavy acceleration while turning or abrupt upshifts/downshifts of the transmission. When this happens you may notice a reduction in acceleration, or may hear a noise or vibration. This is normal.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications

on page 5-3 for more information.

All-WheelDrive (AWD) System

If your vehicle has all-wheeldrive, your engineÕs driving power is sent to all four wheels for extra traction

when needed.

This is like four-wheeldrive, but there is no separate lever or switch to engage or disengage the front axle. It is fully automatic, and adjusts itself as needed for

road conditions.

You may experience a brief vehicle vibration upon acceleration when driving in slippery conditions. This is normal and is an indication that the all-wheeldrive system is functioning properly.

4-11

Steering

Power Steering

If you lose power steering assist because the engine stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but it will take much more effort.

Steering Tips

It is important to take curves at a reasonable speed.

A lot of the Òdriver lost controlÓ accidents mentioned on the news happen on curves. Here is why:

Experienced driver or beginner, each of us is subject to the same laws of physics when driving on curves.

The traction of the tires against the road surface makes it possible for the vehicle to change its path when

you turn the front wheels. If there is no traction, inertia will keep the vehicle going in the same direction. If you have ever tried to steer a vehicle on wet ice, you will understand this.

The traction you can get in a curve depends on the condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at which the curve is banked, and your speed. While

you are in a curve, speed is the one factor you can control.

Suppose you are steering through a sharp curve. Then you suddenly accelerate. Both control

systems Ñ steering and acceleration Ñ have to do their work where the tires meet the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too much of those places. You can lose control.

What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.

Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds

are based on good weather and road conditions. Under less favorable conditions you will want to go slower.

If you need to reduce your speed as you approach

a curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.

Try to adjust your speed so you can ÒdriveÓ through the curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.

Adding non-GMaccessories can affect your vehicleÕs performance. SeeAccessories and Modifications

on page 5-3.

4-12

Steering in Emergencies

There are times when steering can be more effective than braking. For example, you come over a hill and Þnd a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can avoid these problems by braking Ñ if you can stop in time. But sometimes you cannot; there is not room. That is the time for evasive action Ñ steering around the problem.

Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like these. First apply your brakes.

See Braking on page 4-6.It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then

steer around the problem, to the left or right depending on the space available.

An emergency like this requires close attention and a quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at the recommended 9 and 3 oÕclock positions, you

can turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing either hand. But you have to act fast, steer quickly, and just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have avoided the object.

The fact that such emergency situations are always possible is a good reason to practice defensive driving at all times and wear safety belts properly.

4-13

Off-RoadRecovery

You may Þnd that your right wheels have dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while you are driving.

If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so that your vehicle straddles the edge of

the pavement. You can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarterturn until the right front tire contacts

the pavement edge. Then turn your steering wheel to go straight down the roadway.

Passing

The driver of a vehicle about to pass another on a two-lanehighway waits for just the right moment, accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?

Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lanehighway is a potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can suddenly put the passing driver face to face with the worst of all traffic accidents Ñ thehead-oncollision.

So here are some tips for passing:

¥Drive ahead. Look down the road, to the sides and to crossroads for situations that might affect your passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a

better time.

¥Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass. A broken center line usually indicates it is all right to pass, providing the road ahead is clear. Never cross a solid line on your side of the lane or a double solid line, even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.

4-14

¥Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass while you are awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces your area of vision, especially if you are following a larger vehicle. Also, you will not have adequate space if the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.

¥When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and do not get too close. Time your move so you will be increasing speed as the time comes to move into the other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a running start that more than makes up for the distance you would lose by dropping back. And if something happens to cause you to cancel your pass, you need only slow down and drop back again and wait for another opportunity.

¥If other vehicles are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But take care that someone is not trying to pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle. Remember to glance over your shoulder and check the blind spot.

¥Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your left lane change signal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front in your inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal and move back into the right lane. Remember that your passenger side outside mirror is convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be farther away from you than it really is.

¥Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on two-laneroads. Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.

¥Do not overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the brake lamps are not ßashing, it may be slowing down or starting to turn.

¥If you are being passed, make it easy for the following driver to get ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to the right.

4-15

Loss of Control

Let us review what driving experts say about what happens when the three control systems Ñ brakes, steering, and acceleration Ñ do not have enough friction where the tires meet the road to do what the driver

has asked.

In any emergency, do not give up. Keep trying to steer and constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.

Skidding

In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable care suited to existing conditions, and by not overdriving those conditions. But skids are always possible.

The three types of skids correspond to your vehicleÕs three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels are not rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.

A cornering skid is best handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.

If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready

for a second skid if it occurs.

Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice, gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you will want to slow down and adjust your driving to

these conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and vehicle control more limited.

While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or braking, including engine braking by shifting to a

lower gear. Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery

until your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues Ñ such as enough water, ice, or packed snow

on the road to make a mirrored surface Ñ and slow down when you have any doubt.

Remember: Any Anti-LockBrake System (ABS) helps avoid only the braking skid.

4-16

Driving at Night

Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One reason is that some drivers are likely to be impaired Ñ by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.

Here are some tips on night driving.

¥Drive defensively.

¥Do not drink and drive.

¥Adjust the inside rearview mirror to reduce the glare from headlamps behind you.

¥Since you cannot see as well, you may need to slow down and keep more space between you and other vehicles.

¥Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your vehicleÕs headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.

¥In remote areas, watch for animals.

¥If you are tired, pull off the road in a safe place and rest.

No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-olddriver may require at least twice as much light to see the same thing at night as a20-year-old.

What you do in the daytime can also affect your night vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you

are driving, do not wear sunglasses at night. They may cut down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot of things invisible.

You can be temporarily blinded by approaching headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several seconds, for your eyes to re-adjustto the dark. When you are faced with severe glare, as from a driver

who does not lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlamps, slow down a little. Avoid staring directly into the approaching headlamps.

Keep the windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean Ñ inside and out. Glare at night is made

much worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass can build up a Þlm caused by dust. Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and ßash more than clean

glass would, making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly.

Remember that the headlamps light up far less of a roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep

your eyes moving; that way, it is easier to pick out dimly lighted objects. Just as the headlamps should be checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly. Some drivers suffer from

night blindness Ñ the inability to see in dim light Ñ and are not even aware of it.

4-17

Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads

Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road, you cannot stop, accelerate, or turn as well because your tire-to-roadtraction is not as good as on dry roads. And, if your tires do not have much tread left, you will get even less traction. It is always wise to go slower and be cautious if rain starts to fall while

you are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reßexes are tuned for driving on dry pavement.

4-18

The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can make it harder to see road signs and

traffic signals, pavement markings, the edge of the road, and even people walking.

It is wise to keep your wiping equipment in good shape and keep your windshield washer ßuid reservoir Þlled with washer ßuid. Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing areas

on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.

{CAUTION:

Wet brakes can cause accidents. They will not work as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one side. You could lose control of the vehicle.

After driving through a large puddle of water or a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until your brakes work normally.

Driving too fast through large water puddles or even going through some car washes can cause problems, too. The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. But if you cannot, try to slow down before you hit them.

Hydroplaning

Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up under your tires that they can actually ride on the water. This can happen if the road is wet enough and you are going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning, it has little or no contact with the road.

Hydroplaning does not happen often. But it can if your tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in

one or more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on the road. If you can see reßections from trees, telephone poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops dimple the waterÕs surface, there could be hydroplaning.

Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There just is not a hard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it is raining.

Driving Through Deep Standing Water

Notice: If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or standing water, water can come in through your engine’s air intake and badly damage your engine. Never drive through water that is slightly lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you cannot avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive through them very slowly.

Driving Through Flowing Water

{CAUTION:

Flowing or rushing water creates strong forces. If you try to drive through flowing water, as you might at a low water crossing, your vehicle can be carried away. As little as six inches of flowing water can carry away a smaller vehicle. If this happens, you and other vehicle occupants could drown. Do not ignore police warning signs, and otherwise be very cautious about trying to drive through flowing water.

Some Other Rainy Weather Tips

¥Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be especially careful when you pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room ahead, and be prepared to have your

view restricted by road spray.

¥Have good tires with proper tread depth. See Tires on page 5-52.

4-19

City Driving

One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amount of traffic on them. You will want to watch out for what the other drivers are doing and pay attention to traffic signals.

Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:

¥Know the best way to get to where you are going. Get a city map and plan your trip into

an unknown part of the city just as you would for a cross-countrytrip.

¥Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You will save time and energy. See Freeway Driving on page 4-21.

¥Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because the corner is busy enough

to need it. When a light turns green, and just before you start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have not cleared the intersection or may

be running the red light.

4-20

Freeway Driving

Mile for mile, freeways Ñ also called thruways, parkways, expressways, turnpikes, or superhighways Ñ are the safest of all roads. But they have their own special rules.

The most important advice on freeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the

same speed most of the other drivers are driving. Too-fastortoo-slowdriving breaks a smooth traffic ßow. Treat the left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.

At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to blend with the ßow. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check your mirrors, and glance over your shoulder as often as necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic ßow.

Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it is slower.

Stay in the right lane unless you want to pass.

Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use your turn signal.

Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your shoulder to make sure there is not another vehicle in your blind spot.

Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to

move slightly slower at night.

4-21

When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not, under any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive on to the next exit.

The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply. The exit speed is usually posted.

Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are

going slower than you actually are.

Before Leaving on a Long Trip

Make sure you are ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when you are not fresh Ñ such as after

a dayÕs work Ñ do not plan to make too many miles that Þrst part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing

and shoes you can easily drive in.

Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and maintained, it is ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before starting out. Of course, you will Þnd experienced and able service experts in GM dealerships all across North America. They will be ready and willing to help if you need it.

Here are some things you can check before a trip:

¥Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean inside and outside?

¥Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?

¥Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels?

¥Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?

¥Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,trouble-freetrip. Is the tread good enough forlong-distancedriving? Are the tires all inßated to the recommended pressure?

¥Weather Forecasts: What is the weather outlook along your route? Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm system?

¥Maps: Do you haveup-to-datemaps?

4-22

Highway Hypnosis

Is there actually such a condition as highway hypnosis? Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of awareness, or whatever.

There is something about an easy stretch of road with the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the

wind against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Do not let it happen to you! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less than a second, and you could crash and be injured.

What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be aware that it can happen.

Then here are some tips:

¥Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortably cool interior.

¥Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check your mirrors and your instruments frequently.

¥If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service, or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or both. For safety, treat drowsiness

on the highway as an emergency.

Hill and Mountain Roads

Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from driving in ßat or rolling terrain.

4-23

If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you are planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make your trips safer and more enjoyable.

¥Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all ßuid levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system, and transmission. These parts can work hard on mountain roads.

{CAUTION:

If you do not shift down, your brakes could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your engine assist your brakes on a steep downhill slope.

{CAUTION:

Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to do all the work of slowing down. They could get so hot that they would not work well. You would then have poor braking or even none going down a hill. You could crash. Always have your engine running and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.

¥Know how to go down hills. The most important thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the slowing down. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or long hill.

¥Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine and transmission, and you can climb the hill better.

4-24

¥Stay in your own lane when driving on two-laneroads in hills or mountains. Do not swing wide

or cut across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let you stay in your own lane.

¥As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an accident.

¥You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passingzones, a falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.

Winter Driving

Here are some tips for winter driving:

¥Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.

¥You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your vehicle.

Also see Tires on page5-52.

4-25

Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply of windshield washer ßuid, a rag, some winter outer clothing, a small shovel, a ßashlight, a red

cloth, and reßective warning triangles. And, if you will be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag

of sand, a piece of old carpet, or a couple of burlap bags to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure these items in your vehicle.

Driving on Snow or Ice

Most of the time, those places where the tires meet the road probably have good traction.

However, if there is snow or ice between the tires and the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You will have a lot less traction, or grip, and will need to be

very careful.

What is the worst time for this? Wet ice. Very cold snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it is about freezing, 32¡F (0¡C), and freezing rain begins to fall. Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews can get there.

Whatever the condition Ñ smooth ice, packed, blowing, or loose snow Ñ drive with caution.

4-26

Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate too fast, the drive wheels will spin and polish the surface under the tires even more.

Your Anti-LockBrake System (ABS) improves your vehicleÕs stability when you make a hard stop on

a slippery road. Even though you have ABS, you will want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry pavement. See Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) on page 4-7.

¥Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.

¥Watch for slippery spots. The road might be Þne until you hit a spot that is covered with ice. On

an otherwise clear road, ice patches may appear in shaded areas where the sun cannot reach, such as around clumps of trees, behind buildings,

or under bridges. Sometimes the surface of a curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If you see a patch of ice ahead of you, brake before you are on it. Try not to brake while you are actually on the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.

If You Are Caught in a Blizzard

If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation. You should probably stay with

your vehicle unless you know for sure that you are near help and you can hike through the snow. Here are some things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your passengers safe:

¥Turn on your hazard ßashers.

¥Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that you have been stopped by the snow.

¥Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket around you. If you do not have blankets or extra clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, ßoor mats Ñ anything you can wrap around yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.

4-27

You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.

4-28

{CAUTION:

Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle. This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill you. You cannot see it or smell it, so you might not know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from around the base of your vehicle, especially any that is blocking the exhaust pipe and/or the fuel operated heater exhaust system, if equipped. And check around again from time to time to be sure snow does not collect there. If your vehicle has a diesel engine and a fuel operated heater, see “Fuel Operated Heater (FOH)” in

the diesel engine supplement.

Open a window just a little on the side of the vehicle that is away from the wind. This will help keep CO out.

Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the battery (or batteries) charged.

You will need a well-chargedbattery (or batteries) to restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later

on with your headlamps. Let the heater run for a while.

Then, shut the engine off and close the window

almost all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable from the cold. But do it as little as possible. Preserve the fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get out of the vehicle and do

some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so until help comes.

If Your Vehicle is Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow

In order to free your vehicle when it is stuck, you will need to spin the wheels, but you do not want to

spin your wheels too fast. The method known as rocking can help you get out when you are stuck, but you

must use caution.

{CAUTION:

If you let your tires spin at high speed, they can explode, and you or others could be injured. And, the transmission or other parts of the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine compartment fire or other damage. When you are stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Do not spin the wheels above

35 mph (55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.

Notice: Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your transmission back and forth, you can destroy your transmission.

For more information about using tire chains on your vehicle, see Tire Chains on page 5-68.

4-29

Rocking Your Vehicle to Get It Out

First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That

will clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal while you shift, and press

lightly on the accelerator pedal when the transmission is in gear. By slowly spinning your wheels in the forward and reverse directions, you will cause a rocking

motion that may free your vehicle. If that does not get you out after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see Towing Your Vehicle on page 4-35.

Loading Your Vehicle

It is very important to know how much weight your vehicle can carry. This weight is called the vehicle capacity weight and includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installedoptions. Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it was designed to carry, the Tire and Loading Information label and

the CertiÞcation/Tire label.

{CAUTION:

Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, and it can change the way your vehicle handles. These could cause you to lose control and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

4-30

Tire and Loading Information Label

Label Example

A vehicle speciÞc Tire and Loading Information label is attached to the center pillar (B-pillar).With the driverÕs door open, you will Þnd the label attached below

the door lock post (striker). The tire and loading information label shows the number of occupant seating positions (A), and the maximum vehicle capacity

weight (B) in kilograms and pounds.

The Tire and Loading Information label also shows the size of the original equipment tires (C) and the recommended cold tire inßation pressures (D). For more information on tires and inßation see Tires on page 5-52 andInflation - Tire Pressure on page 5-59 .

There is also important loading information on the vehicle CertiÞcation/Tire label. It tells you the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross

Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for the front and rear axle. See ÒCertiÞcation/Tire LabelÓ later in this section.

Steps for Determining Correct Load Limit

1.Locate the statement ÒThe combined weight of occupants and cargo should never exceed XXX kg or XXX lbsÓ on your vehicleÕs placard.

2.Determine the combined weight of the driver and passengers that will be riding in your vehicle.

3.Subtract the combined weight of the driver and passengers from XXX kg or XXX lbs.

4-31

4.The resulting Þgure equals the available amount of cargo and luggage load capacity. For example, if the ÒXXXÓ amount equals 1400 lbs and there will be Þve 150 lb passengers in your vehicle, the amount

of available cargo and luggage load capacity is 650 lbs (1400 − 750 (5 x 150) = 650 lbs).

5.Determine the combined weight of luggage and cargo being loaded on the vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the available cargo

and luggage load capacity calculated in Step 4.

6.If your vehicle will be towing a trailer, the load from your trailer will be transferred to your vehicle. Consult this manual to determine how this reduces the available cargo and luggage load capacity of your vehicle. See Towing a Trailer on page 4-37 for important information on towing a trailer, towing safety rules and trailering tips.

Example 1

Item

Description

Total

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs (453 kg)

for Example 1 =

 

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 150 lbs

300 lbs (136 kg)

 

(68 kg) × 2 =

 

C

Available Occupant and

700 lbs (317 kg)

Cargo Weight =

 

 

4-32

Example 2

Item

Description

Total

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs (453 kg)

for Example 2 =

 

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 150 lbs

750 lbs (136 kg)

 

(68 kg) × 5 =

 

C

Available Cargo Weight

250 lbs (113 kg)

=

 

 

Example 3

Item

Description

Total

A

Vehicle Capacity Weight

1,000 lbs (453 kg)

for Example 3 =

 

 

 

Subtract Occupant

 

B

Weight 200 lbs

1000 lbs (453 kg)

 

(91 kg) × 5 =

 

C

Available Cargo Weight

0 lbs (0 kg)

=

 

 

Refer to your vehicleÕs tire and loading information label for speciÞc information about your vehicleÕs capacity weight and seating positions. The combined weight of the driver, passengers, and cargo should never exceed your vehicleÕs capacity weight.

4-33

Certification/Tire Label

A vehicle speciÞc CertiÞcation/Tire label is found on the rear edge of the driverÕs door. The label shows the size of your vehicleÕs original tires and the inßation

pressures needed to obtain the gross weight capacity of your vehicle. This is called Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel, and cargo.

The CertiÞcation/Tire label also tells you the maximum weights for the front and rear axles, called Gross

Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). To Þnd out the actual loads on your front and rear axles, you need to go to a

weigh station and weigh your vehicle. Your dealer can help you with this. Be sure to spread out your load equally on both sides of the centerline.

Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle, or the GAWR for either the front or rear axle.

And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out.

{CAUTION:

Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or either the maximum front or rear Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR). If you do, parts on your vehicle can break, and it can change the way your vehicle handles. These could cause you to lose control and crash. Also, overloading can shorten the life of your vehicle.

4-34

{CAUTION:

Things you put inside your vehicle can strike and injure people in a sudden stop or turn, or in a crash.

Put things in the cargo area of your vehicle. Try to spread the weight evenly.

Never stack heavier things, like suitcases, inside the vehicle so that some of them are above the tops of the seats.

Do not leave an unsecured child restraint in your vehicle.

When you carry something inside the vehicle, secure it whenever you can.

Do not leave a seat folded down unless you need to.

Add-OnEquipment

When you carry removable items, you may need to put a limit on how many people you carry inside your vehicle. Be sure to weigh your vehicle before you buy and install the new equipment.

Towing

Towing Your Vehicle

Consult your dealer or a professional towing service if you need to have your disabled vehicle towed. See

Roadside Assistance Program on page7-6.

If you want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle for recreational purposes (such as behind a motorhome), see ÒRecreational Vehicle TowingÓ following.

Recreational Vehicle Towing

Recreational vehicle towing means towing your vehicle behind another vehicle Ñ such as behind a motorhome. The two most common types of recreational vehicle towing are known as ÒdinghyÓ (towing your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground) and ÒdollyÓ (towing

your vehicle with two wheels on the ground and two wheels up on a device known as a ÒdollyÓ).

With the proper preparation and equipment, many vehicles can be towed in these ways. See ÒDinghy TowingÓ and ÒDolly TowingÓ following.

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Here are some important things to consider before you do recreational vehicle towing:

¥WhatÕs the towing capacity of the towing vehicle? Be sure you read the tow vehicle manufacturerÕs recommendations.

¥How far will you tow? Some vehicles have restrictions on how far and how long they can tow.

¥Do you have the proper towing equipment? See your dealer or trailering professional for

additional advice and equipment recommendations.

¥Is your vehicle ready to be towed? Just as you would prepare your vehicle for a long trip, youÕll want to make sure your vehicle is prepared to be towed.

Dinghy Towing

Two-Wheel-DriveVehicles

Notice: If you tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground, the drivetrain components could

be damaged. The repairs would not be covered by your warranty. Do not tow your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground.

Two-wheel-drivevehicles should not be towed with all four wheels on the ground.Two-wheel-drivetransmissions have no provisions for internal lubrication while being towed.

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All-Wheel-DriveVehicles

Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with all four wheels on the ground. To properly tow these vehicles, they should be placed on a platform trailer with all four wheels off the ground.

Notice: Towing anall-wheel-drivevehicle with all four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain components. Do not tow anall-wheel-drivevehicle if any of its wheels will be on the ground.

Dolly Towing

Rear Towing (Rear Wheels Off the Ground)

Two-Wheel-DriveVehicles

Use the following procedure to tow your vehicle from the rear:

1.Drive the vehicle onto the dolly.

2.Firmly set the parking brake. See Parking Brake on page 2-23 for more information.

3.Put the automatic transmission in PARK (P).

4.Follow the dolly manufacturerÕs instructions to attach and secure the vehicle being towed to the dolly and then the loaded dolly to the tow vehicle. Make

sure the wheels are straight before towing.

Use an adequate clamping device to ensure that the front wheels are locked into the straight position.

5.Release the parking brake only after the vehicle being towed is Þrmly attached to the tow vehicle.

6.Turn the ignition to LOCK.

If the tow vehicle will not be started or driven for six weeks or more, remove the battery cable from the negative terminal (post) of the battery to prevent your battery from draining while towing.

All-Wheel-DriveVehicles

Your vehicle was not designed to be towed with two wheels on the ground. To properly tow these vehicles, they should be placed on a platform trailer with all four wheels off the ground.

Notice: Towing anall-wheel-drivevehicle with all four wheels on the ground, or even with only two of its wheels on the ground, will damage drivetrain components. Do not tow anall-wheel-drivevehicle if any of its wheels will be on the ground.

Towing a Trailer

{CAUTION:

If you do not use the correct equipment and drive properly, you can lose control when you pull a trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy, the brakes may not work well — or even at all. You and your passengers could be seriously injured. Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the steps in this section. Ask your dealer for advice and information about towing a trailer with your vehicle.

Notice: Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your vehicle and result in costly repairs that would not be covered by your warranty. Always follow the instructions in this section and check with your dealer for more information about towing a trailer with your vehicle.

To identify the trailering capacity of your vehicle, you should read the information in ÒWeight of the TrailerÓ that appears later in this section.

4-37

Trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes in acceleration, braking, handling, durability and fuel economy. Successful,

safe trailering takes correct equipment, and it has to be used properly.

ThatÕs the reason for this part. In it are many time-tested,important trailering tips and safety rules. Many of

these are important for your safety and that of your passengers. So please read this section carefully before you pull a trailer.

If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer

If you do, here are some important points:

¥There are many different laws, including speed limit restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not only where you live

but also where youÕll be driving. A good source for this information can be state or provincial police.

¥Consider using a sway control. See ÒHitchesÓ later in this section.

¥DonÕt tow a trailer at all during the Þrst 500 miles (800 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other parts could be damaged.

¥Then, during the Þrst 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, donÕt drive over 50 mph (80 km/h)

and donÕt make starts at full throttle. This helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the heavier loads.

¥See also ÒDriving on GradesÓ later in this section.

Three important considerations have to do with weight:

¥the weight of the trailer

¥the weight of the trailer tongue

¥and the weight on your vehicleÕs tires

Tow/Haul Mode

Tow/haul is designed to assist while your vehicle is pulling a large or heavy load or trailer. Tow/haul is most useful while pulling such a load in rolling terrain, in stop-and-gotraffic, or when you need improvedlow-speedcontrol, such as when parking. The purpose of the tow/haul mode is to:

¥Reduce the frequency and improve the predictability of transmission shifts,

¥provide the same solid shift feel when pulling a heavy load as when the vehicle is unloaded,

¥improve control of vehicle speed while requiring less throttle pedal activity.

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Press this button located to the right of the steering wheel on the instrument panel to turn tow/haul mode on and off.

While activated, the indicator light on the instrument panel will be on.

Tow/haul mode will turn off automatically when the ignition is turned off. See Tow/Haul Mode Light

on page 3-42.

Tow/haul is most effective when the vehicle and trailer combined weight is at least 75 percent of the vehicleÕs Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR). See ÒWeight of the TrailerÓ later in this section.

Driving with tow/haul activated without a heavy load will cause reduced fuel economy and unpleasant engine and transmission driving characteristics, but will

not cause damage.

Weight of the Trailer

How heavy can a trailer safely be?

It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. It can also depend on any special equipment that you have on your vehicle,

and the amount of tongue weight the vehicle can carry. See ÒWeight of the Trailer TongueÓ later in this

section for more information.

Maximum trailer weight is calculated assuming only the driver is in the tow vehicle and it has all the required trailering equipment. The weight of additional optional equipment, passengers and cargo in the tow vehicle must be subtracted from the maximum trailer weight.

4-39

The following chart shows how much your trailer can weigh, based upon vehicle model and options.

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G1500 Cargo Van 2WD

 

 

 

4300 V6

3.42

4,300 lbs (1 950 kg)

9,500 lbs (4 309 kg)

5300 V8

3.42

5,900 lbs (2 676 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

3.73

 

 

 

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

H1500 Cargo Van AWD

 

 

 

5300 V8

3.42

6,500 lbs (2 948 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

3.73

 

 

 

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G1500 Passenger Van 2WD

 

 

4300 V6

3.42

3,900 lbs (1 769 kg)

9,500 lbs (4 309 kg)

5300 V8

3.42

6,300 lbs (2 858 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

3.73

 

 

 

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

H1500 Passenger Van AWD

 

 

5300 V8

3.42

6,100 lbs (2 767 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

3.73

 

 

 

4-40

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G2500 Cargo Van 2WD

 

 

 

4300 V6

3.73

4,600 lbs (2 086 kg)

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

4800 V8

3.73

6,300 lbs (2 858 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

4.10

7,300 lbs (3 311 kg)

13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)

 

5300 V8

3.73

6,600 lbs (2 994 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

6000 V8

3.73

8,300 lbs (3 765 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

 

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

H2500 Cargo Van AWD

 

 

 

 

5300 V8

3.73

 

6,400 lbs (2 903 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

 

 

 

 

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

 

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G2500 Cargo Van 2WD Long Wheelbase

 

 

4300 V6

3.73

 

4,400 lbs (1 996 kg)

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

4800 V8

3.73

 

6,100 lbs (2 767 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

4.10

 

7,100 lbs (3 220 kg)

13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)

 

 

5300 V8

3.73

 

6,400 lbs (2 903 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

6000 V8

3.73

 

8,100 lbs (3 674 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

4-41

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G2500 Passenger Van 2WD Short Wheelbase

 

4800 V8

3.73

5,800 lbs (2 631 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

4.10

6,800 lbs (3 084 kg)

13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)

 

6000 V8

3.73

7,800 lbs (3 538 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

9,800 lbs (4 445 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

 

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G3500 Cargo Van 2WD Short Wheelbase

 

 

4800 V8

3.73

 

6,200 lbs (2 812 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 k3)

4.10

 

7,200 lbs (3 266 kg)

16,000 lbs (5 897 kg)

 

 

6000 V8

3.73

 

8,200 lbs (3 719 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

 

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G3500 Cargo Van 2WD Long Wheelbase

 

 

4800 V8

3.73

 

6,000 lbs (2 721 kg)

12,000 lbs (5 443 kg)

4.10

 

7,000 lbs (3 175 kg)

13,000 lbs (5 897 kg)

 

 

6000 V8

3.73

 

8,000 lbs (3 629 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

 

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

4-42

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G3500 Passenger Van 2WD Short Wheelbase

 

6000 V8

3.73

7,700 lbs (3 483 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

9,700 lbs (4 400 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

Vehicle

Axle Ratio

Maximum Trailer Weight

GCWR

G3500 Passenger Van 2WD Long Wheelbase

 

6000 V8

3.73

7,400 lbs (3 357 kg)

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg)

4.10

9,400 lbs (4 264 kg)

16,000 lbs (7 257 kg)

 

6600 V8 Diesel

3.73

10,000 lbs (4 536 kg)

17,000 lbs (7 711 kg)

The Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) is the total allowable weight of the completely loaded vehicle and trailer including any passengers, cargo equipment and conversion. The GCWR for your vehicle should not be exceeded.

You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or advice, or you can write us at the address listed in your Warranty and Owner Assistance Information Booklet.

In Canada, write to:

General Motors of Canada Limited

Customer Communication Centre, 163-005

1908 Colonel Sam Drive

Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7

4-43

Weight of the Trailer Tongue

The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important weight to measure because it affects the total or gross weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be riding in

the vehicle. If you have a lot of options, equipment, passengers or cargo in your vehicle, it will reduce the tongue weight your vehicle can carry, which will

also reduce the trailer weight your vehicle can tow. And if you will tow a trailer, you must add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle will be carrying

that weight, too. See Loading Your Vehicle on page4-30about your vehicleÕs maximum load capacity.

The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B), up to a

maximum of 400 lbs (181 kg) with a weight carrying hitch.

4-44

The trailer tongue weight (A) should be 10 percent to 15 percent of the total loaded trailer weight (B), up to a maximum of 1,000 lbs (454 kg) with a weight distributing hitch.

Do not exceed the maximum allowable tongue weight for your vehicle. Choose the shortest hitch extension that will position the hitch ball closest to the vehicle. This will help reduce the effect of trailer tongue weight on the rear axle.

After youÕve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are proper. If they arenÕt, you may be able to get them right simply by moving some items around in the trailer.

Trailering may be limited by the vehicleÕs ability to carry tongue weight. Tongue weight cannot cause the vehicle to exceed the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) or the RGAWR (Rear Gross Axle Weight Rating). The effect of additional weight may reduce your trailering capacity more than the total of the additional weight.

Consider the following example:

A vehicle model base weight is 5,500 lbs (2 495 kg); 2,800 lbs (1 270 kg) at the front axle and 2,700 lbs

(1 225 kg) at the rear axle. It has a GVWR of 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg), a RGAWR of 4,000 lbs (1 814 kg) and a GCWR (Gross Combination Weight Rating) of

14,000 lbs (6 350 kg). The trailer rating should be:

You can expect tongue weight to be at least 10 percent of trailer weight (850 lbs (386 kg)) and because the weight is applied well behind the rear axle, the effect on the rear axle will be greater than just the weight

itself, as much as 1.5 times as much. The weight at the rear axle could be 850 lbs (386 kg) X 1.5 = 1,275 lbs (578 kg). Since the rear axle already weighs 2,700 lbs (1 225 kg), adding 1,275 lbs (578 kg) brings the

total to 3,975 lbs (1 803 kg). This is very close to, but within the limit for RGAWR as well. The vehicle is set to trailer up to 8,500 lbs (3 856 kg).

But letÕs say your speciÞc vehicle is equipped with some of the latest options and you have a front seat passenger and two rear seat passengers with some luggage and gear in the vehicle as well. You may add 300 lbs (136 kg) to the front axle weight and 400 lbs (181 kg) to the rear axle weight. Your vehicle now weighs:

Weight is still below 7,200 lbs (3 266 kg) and you may think that you should subtract 700 additional pounds (318 kg) from your trailering capacity to stay within GCWR limits. Your maximum trailer would only be 7,800 lbs (3 538 kg). You may go further and think you

must limit tongue weight to less than 1,000 lbs (454 kg) to avoid exceeding GVWR. But, you must still consider the effect on the rear axle. Because your rear axle now weighs 3,100 lbs (1 406 kg), you can only put 900 lbs (408 kg) on the rear axle without exceeding RGAWR.

4-45

The effect of tongue weight is about 1.5 times the actual weight. Dividing the 900 lbs (408 kg) by 1.5 leaves you with being able to handle only 600 lbs (272 kg) of tongue weight. Since tongue weight is usually at least 10 percent of total loaded trailer weight, you can expect that the largest trailer your vehicle can properly handle is

6,000 lbs (2 721 kg).

It is important that you make sure your vehicle does not exceed any of its ratings Ñ GCWR, GVWR, RGAWR, Maximum Trailer Rating or Tongue Weight. The

only way to be sure you are not exceeding any of these ratings is to weigh your vehicle and trailer.

Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires

Be sure your vehicleÕs tires are inßated to the upper limit for cold tires. YouÕll Þnd these numbers on the CertiÞcation label at the rear edge of the driverÕs door or see Loading Your Vehicle on page 4-30.Then be

sure you donÕt go over the GVW limit for your vehicle, or the GAWR, including the weight of the trailer tongue. If you use a weight distributing hitch, make sure you donÕt go over the rear axle limit before you apply

the weight distribution spring bars.

Hitches

ItÕs important to have the correct hitch equipment. Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a few reasons why youÕll need the right hitch.

Weight-DistributingHitches and Weight

Carrying Hitches

(A) Body to Ground Distance, (B) Front of Vehicle

When using a weight-distributinghitch, the hitch must be adjusted so that the distance (A) remains the same both before and after coupling the trailer to the tow vehicle.

If you use a step-bumperhitch, your bumper could be damaged in sharp turns. Make sure you have ample room when turning to avoid contact between the trailer and the bumper.

4-46

If youÕll be pulling a trailer that, when loaded, will weigh more than 5,000 lbs (2 270 kg), be sure to use a properly mounted weight-distributinghitch and sway control of the proper size. This equipment is very important for proper vehicle loading and good handling when youÕre driving. You should always use a sway control if your trailer will weigh more than these limits. You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.

Will you have to make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?

If youÕre using the wiring provided with the factory-installedtrailering package, you should not need to make any holes in the body of your vehicle. However, if you have an aftermarket hitch installed, you may need to make holes in the body.

If you do, then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove the hitch. If you donÕt seal them, deadly carbon monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your vehicle as well as dirt and water. See ÒCarbon MonoxideÓ under Engine Exhaust on page 2-26.

Safety Chains

You should always attach chains between your vehicle and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue of the trailer to help prevent the tongue from contacting the road if it becomes separated from

the hitch. Instructions about safety chains may be provided by the hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the manufacturerÕs recommendation for attaching safety chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always leave just enough slack so you can turn with your rig. Never allow

safety chains to drag on the ground.

Trailer Brakes

If your trailer weighs more than 1,000 lbs (450 kg) loaded, then it needs its own brakes Ð and they must be adequate. Be sure to read and follow the instructions for the trailer brakes so youÕll be able to install,

adjust and maintain them properly.

Since your vehicle is equipped with StabiliTrak¨, your trailer brake system cannot tap into the vehicleÕs hydraulic brake system.

4-47

Driving with a Trailer

{CAUTION:

If you have a rear-mostwindow open and you pull a trailer with your vehicle, carbon monoxide (CO) could come into your vehicle. You can not see or smell CO. It can cause unconsciousness or death. SeeEngine Exhaust on page 2-26.To maximize your safety when towing a trailer:

Have your exhaust system inspected for leaks, and make necessary repairs before starting on your trip.

Keep the rear-mostwindows closed.

If exhaust does come into your vehicle through a window in the rear or another opening, drive with your front, main heating or cooling system on and with the fan on any speed. This will bring fresh, outside air into your vehicle. Do not use the climate control setting for maximum air because it only recirculates the air inside your vehicle. See Climate Control System in the Index.

Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience. Before setting out for the open road, youÕll want to get to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of handling and braking with the added weight of the trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as responsive as your vehicle is by itself.

Before you start, check all trailer hitch parts and attachments, safety chains, electrical connector, lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the brakes are working. This lets you check your electrical connection at the same time.

During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes are still working.

Following Distance

Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help you avoid situations that require

heavy braking and sudden turns.

4-48

Passing

YouÕll need more passing distance up ahead when youÕre towing a trailer. And, because youÕre a good deal longer, youÕll need to go much farther beyond the passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.

Backing Up

Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand. Then, to move the trailer to the left, just move that hand to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if possible, have someone guide you.

Making Turns

Notice: Making very sharp turns while trailering could cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid making very sharp turns while trailering.

When youÕre turning with a trailer, make wider turns than normal. Do this so your trailer wonÕt strike

soft shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or other objects. Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in advance.

Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer

When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have extra wiring and a heavy-dutyturn signal ßasher (included in the optional trailering package).

The arrows on your instrument panel will ßash whenever you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps will also ßash, telling other drivers youÕre about to turn, change lanes or stop.

When towing a trailer, the arrows on your instrument panel will ßash for turns even if the bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. ItÕs important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer bulbs are still working.

Driving On Grades

Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start down a long or steep downgrade. If you donÕt shift down, you might have to use your brakes so much that they would get hot and no longer work well.

You can tow in DRIVE (D). You may want to shift the transmission to THIRD (3) or a lower gear under heavy loads and/or hilly conditions.

4-49

When towing at high altitude on steep uphill grades, consider the following: Engine coolant will boil at a lower temperature than at normal altitudes. If you turn your engine off immediately after towing at high altitude

on steep uphill grades, your vehicle may show signs similar to engine overheating. To avoid this, let the engine run while parked (preferably on level ground) with the automatic transmission in PARK (P) for a

few minutes before turning the engine off. If you do get the overheat warning, see Engine Overheating on page 5-24.

Parking on Hills

{CAUTION:

You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig could start to move. People can be injured, and both your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.

But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, hereÕs how to do it:

1.Apply your regular brakes, but donÕt shift into

PARK (P) yet. Then turn your wheels into the curb if facing downhill or into traffic if facing uphill.

4-50

2.Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.

3.When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.

4.Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking brake and then shift to PARK (P).

5.Release the regular brakes.

When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on a Hill

1.Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down while you:

¥start your engine,

¥shift into a gear, and

¥release the parking brake.

2.Let up on the brake pedal.

3.Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.

4.Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.

Maintenance When Trailer Towing

Your vehicle will need service more often when youÕre pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more on this. Things that are especially important in trailer operation are automatic transmission ßuid (donÕt overÞll), engine oil, axle lubricant, belt, cooling system and brake system. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will help you Þnd them quickly. If

youÕre trailering, itÕs a good idea to review these sections before you start your trip.

Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are tight.

Trailer Wiring Harness

The optional heavy-dutytrailer wiring package includes aseven-wireharness assembly at the rear of the vehicle and afour-wireharness assembly under the left hand side of the instrument panel. Theseven-wireharness assembly is taped together and located in a frame pocket at the driver side rear left corner of

the frame. The seven-wireharness includes a30-ampfeed wire. Both harnesses come without connectors and should be wired by a qualiÞed electrical technician.

The technician can use the following color code chart when connecting the wiring harness to your trailer and trailer brake controller.

Seven-WireHarness

¥Light Green: Back-uplamps

¥Brown: Parking lamps

¥Yellow: Left stoplamp and turn signal

¥Dark Green: Right stoplamp and turn signal

¥Dark Blue: Use for electric trailer brakes

¥Orange: Trailer accessory

¥White (heavy gage): Ground wire

Four-WireHarness (Trailer Brake Controller)

¥Black: Ground

¥Red/White Stripe: Fused Battery

¥Dark Blue: Trailer Brake Feed

¥Light Blue: Fused Stoplamp/CHMSL

4-51

NOTES

4-52

Section 5 Service and Appearance Care

Service ............................................................

5-3

Accessories and ModiÞcations ..........................

5-3

California Proposition 65 Warning .....................

5-4

Doing Your Own Service Work .........................

5-4

Adding Equipment to the Outside of

 

Your Vehicle ..............................................

5-5

Fuel ................................................................

5-5

Gasoline Octane ............................................

5-5

Gasoline SpeciÞcations ....................................

5-5

California Fuel ...............................................

5-6

Additives .......................................................

5-6

Fuels in Foreign Countries ...............................

5-7

Filling the Tank ..............................................

5-8

Filling a Portable Fuel Container .....................

5-10

Checking Things Under the Hood ....................

5-10

Hood Release ..............................................

5-11

Engine Compartment Overview .......................

5-12

Engine Oil (Gasoline Engine) ..........................

5-13

Engine Oil Life System (Gasoline Engine) ........

5-16

Engine Air Cleaner/Filter ................................

5-17

Automatic Transmission Fluid .........................

5-19

Engine Coolant .............................................

5-21

Radiator Pressure Cap ..................................

5-24

Engine Overheating .......................................

5-24

Cooling System ............................................

5-26

Engine Fan Noise .........................................

5-32

Power Steering Fluid .....................................

5-32

Windshield Washer Fluid ................................

5-34

Brakes ........................................................

5-35

Battery ........................................................

5-38

Jump Starting ...............................................

5-39

All-Wheel Drive ..............................................

5-43

Rear Axle .......................................................

5-44

Front Axle ......................................................

5-44

Noise Control System .....................................

5-45

Tampering with Noise Control System

 

Prohibited .................................................

5-45

Bulb Replacement ..........................................

5-46

Halogen Bulbs ..............................................

5-46

Headlamps ..................................................

5-47

Front Turn Signal, Sidemarker and

 

Parking Lamps ..........................................

5-48

Center High-Mounted Stoplamp (CHMSL) .........

5-49

Taillamps .....................................................

5-49

Replacement Bulbs .......................................

5-50

Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement ..............

5-51

5-1

Section 5 Service and Appearance Care

Tires ..............................................................

5-52

Tire Sidewall Labeling ...................................

5-53

Tire Terminology and DeÞnitions .....................

5-56

Inßation - Tire Pressure .................................

5-59

Dual Tire Operation .......................................

5-60

Tire Inspection and Rotation ...........................

5-61

When It Is Time for New Tires .......................

5-63

Buying New Tires .........................................

5-63

Different Size Tires and Wheels ......................

5-65

Uniform Tire Quality Grading ..........................

5-65

Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance ..................

5-67

Wheel Replacement ......................................

5-67

Tire Chains ..................................................

5-68

If a Tire Goes Flat ........................................

5-69

Changing a Flat Tire .....................................

5-70

Removing the Spare Tire and Tools ................

5-71

Removing the Flat Tire and Installing

 

the Spare Tire ..........................................

5-74

Secondary Latch System ...............................

5-79

Storing a Flat or Spare Tire and Tools ............

5-82

Spare Tire ...................................................

5-83

Appearance Care ............................................

5-84

Cleaning the Inside of Your Vehicle .................

5-84

Fabric/Carpet ...............................................

5-85

Instrument Panel, Vinyl, and Other

 

Plastic Surfaces ........................................

5-86

Care of Safety Belts ......................................

5-86

Weatherstrips ...............................................

5-86

Washing Your Vehicle ...................................

5-87

Cleaning Exterior Lamps/Lenses .....................

5-87

Finish Care ..................................................

5-87

Windshield and Wiper Blades .........................

5-88

Aluminum Wheels .........................................

5-89

Tires ...........................................................

5-89

Sheet Metal Damage .....................................

5-90

Finish Damage .............................................

5-90

Underbody Maintenance ................................

5-90

Chemical Paint Spotting .................................

5-90

Vehicle Care/Appearance Materials ..................

5-91

Vehicle Identification ......................................

5-92

Vehicle IdentiÞcation Number (VIN) .................

5-92

Service Parts IdentiÞcation Label .....................

5-92

Electrical System ............................................

5-93

Add-On Electrical Equipment ..........................

5-93

Headlamp Wiring ..........................................

5-93

Windshield Wiper Fuses ................................

5-93

Fuses and Circuit Breakers ............................

5-93

Floor Console Fuse Block ..............................

5-94

Engine Compartment Fuse Block ....................

5-95

Capacities and Specifications ..........................

5-98

5-2