FMI PELLET STOVE GF55 User Manual

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GF55 & GFI55

OWNER'S MANUAL

Freestanding and Fireplace

Insert Pellet Stove

WARNING:

 

FOR YOUR SAFETY:

Improper installation, adjustment,

alteration,

Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable

service or maintenance can cause

vapoursandliquidsinthevicinityofthisoranyother

injury, property damage, or loss of life.

appliance.

Refer to this manual. For assistance or

Installation and service must be performed by an

additional information consult an

authorized

installer or service agency.

 

authorized installer or service agency.

 

 

Tested by:

 

 

IMPORTANT: SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

GF55-079

FPI FIREPLACE PRODUCTS INTERNATIONAL, LTD. 6988 Venture St., Delta, BC, Canada V4G 1H4

01/11/08

TO THE NEW OWNER

Congratulations! You are the owner of a state-of-the-artPellet Stove.

Thank-youfor purchasing a

FPI FIREPLACE PRODUCT.

The pride of workmanship that goes into each of our products will give you years of trouble-freeenjoyment. Should you have any questions about your product that are not covered in this manual, please contact the GREENFIRE DEALER in your area.

Safety Note: If this stove is not properly installed, a house fi re may result. For your safety, follow the installation instructions, contact local building, fi re offi cials, or authority having jurisdiction about restrictions and installation inspection requirements in your area.

The authority having jurisdiction should be consulted before installation to determine the need to obtain a permit.

2

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SAFETY LABEL

 

MAINTENANCE

 

Copy of Serial No. Decal ...............................................

4

Routine Cleaning & Maintenance................................

10

 

 

Opening the Door ...................................................

10

INSTALLATION

 

Burn Pot & Liner .....................................................

10

 

 

Door Glass Cleaning ..............................................

10

Safety Warnings & Recommendations

5

Ash Pan & Door Gaskets........................................

10

Ash Pan

11

Important Safety Information

6

Heat Exchanger Tubes

11

Pellet Quality

6

Fresh Air Intake

11

 

 

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

 

Exhaust Vent ..........................................................

11

 

Blower Mechanisms ...............................................

11

 

 

All Hinges ...............................................................

11

Control Board Functions................................................

7

Exhaust Passages..................................................

12

Automatic Safety Features ............................................

7

Post Season Clean-Up...........................................

12

Operating Your Pellet Stove ..........................................

8

Cleaning Plated Surfaces.......................................

12

Manual Mode............................................................

8

Firebox Panel .........................................................

12

High / Low Mode ......................................................

8

Replacing Door Glass ............................................

12

Auto / Off Mode.........................................................

8

 

 

Slider / Damper Set-Up .................................................

9

WARRANTY

 

 

 

Warranty ......................................................................

13

 

 

Exclusions and Limitations ..........................................

14

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

3

INSTALLATION

SAFETY LABEL

This is a copy of the label that accompanies each GF55 & GFI55. We have printed a copy of the contents here for your reference.

On the GF55 the safety label is located on the underside of the hopper lid.

On the GFI55 the safety label is located on the hopper cover behind the top faceplate.

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4

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

INSTALLATION

SAFETY WARNINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS

CAUTION:

Do not connect to any air distribution duct or system.

Do not burn garbage or flammable fluids such as gasoline, naptha or engine oil.

Unit hot while in operation. Keep children, clothing and furniture away. Contact may cause skin burns.

FUEL: This pellet stove is designed and approved to only burn wood pellet fuel with up to 3% ash content. Dirty fuel will adversely affect the operation and performance of the unit and may void the warranty. Check with your dealer for fuel recommendations.

THE USE OF CORDWOOD IS PROHIBITED BY LAW.

SOOT: Operation of the stove with insuffi cient combustion air will result in the formation of soot which will collect on the glass, the heat exchanger, the exhaust vent system, and may stain the outside of the house. This is a dangerous situation and is inefficient. Frequently check your stove and adjust the slider/damper as needed to ensure proper combustion. See "Slider/Damper Setting".

CLEANING: There will be some build up of fl y ash and small amounts of creosote in the exhaust. This will vary due to the ash content of the fuel used and the operation of the stove. It is advisable to inspect and clean the exhaust ventsemi-annuallyor every two tons of pellets.

ASHES: Disposed ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of ashes should be on anon-combustiblefloor on the ground, well away from all combustible materials pending final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispensed, they should be retained in the closed container until all cinders have been thoroughly cooled.

ELECTRICAL: The use of a surge protected power bar is recommended. The unit must be grounded. The grounded electrical cord should be connected to a standard 115 volts (4.6 Amps), 60 hertz electrical outlet. Be careful that the electrical cord is not trapped under the appliance and that it is clear of any hot surfaces or sharp edges and also must be accessible. If this power cord should become damaged, a replacement power cord must be purchased from the manufacture or a qualifi ed Greenfi re dealer. This unit's maximum power requirement is 520 watts.

GLASS: Do not abuse the glass by striking or slamming the door. Do not attempt to operate the stove with broken glass. The stove uses ceramic glass. Replacement glass must be purchased from an Greenfire dealer. Do not attempt to open the door and clean the glass while the unit is in operation or if glass is hot. To clean the glass, use a soft cotton cloth and mild window cleaner, gas or wood stove glass cleaner, or take a damp paper towel and dip into the fly ash. This is a very mild abrasive and will not damage the glass.

FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS: Never use gasoline,gasoline-typelantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid, or similar liquids to start or “freshen up” a fire in the heater. Keep all such liquids well away from the heater while

it is in use.

SMOKE DETECTOR: Smoke detectors should be installed and maintained in the structure when installing and operating a pellet burning

appliance.

OPERATION: The ash pan and door must be closed securely for proper and safe operation of the pellet stove. Also ensure all gaskets on the door are checked and replaced when necessary.

KEEP ASH PAN FREE OF RAW FUEL.

DO NOT PLACE UNBURNED OR NEW PELLET FUEL IN ASH PAN. A

FIRE IN THE ASH PAN MAY OCCUR.

INSTALLATION: Be sure to maintain the structural integrity of your home when passing a vent through walls, ceilings, or roofs. It is recommended that the unit be secured into its position in order to avoid any displacement.

DO NOT INSTALL A FLUE DAMPER IN THE EXHAUST VENTING SYSTEM OF THIS UNIT.

DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING

ANOTHER APPLIANCE.

FRESH AIR: Outside Fresh Air connection is optional. Must be connected to all units installed in Mobile and “Air Tight Homes” (R2000) or where required by local codes. Consider all large air moving devices when installing your unit and provide room air accordingly. Limited air for combustion may result in poor performance, smoking and other side effects of poor combustion.

If you have any questions with regards to your stove or the abovementioned information, please feel free to contact your local dealer for further clarification and comments.

SINCE FPI HAS NO CONTROL OVER THE INSTALLATION OF YOUR STOVE, FPI GRANTS NO WARRANTY IMPLIED OR STATED FOR THE INSTALLATION OR MAINTENANCE OF YOUR STOVE. THEREFORE, FPI ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE(S).

INSTALLATION

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

5

INSTALLATION

INSTALLATION

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Please read this entire Owner’s Manual before installation and operating your Greenfire Pellet Stove. Failure to follow these instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury or even death.

Contact your local building or fi re offi cial to obtain a permit and any information on installation restrictions and inspection requirements for your area.

To prevent the possibility of a fi re, ensure that the appliance is properly installed by adhering to the installation instructions. A Greenfi re dealer will be happy to assist you in obtaining information with regards to your local building codes and installation restrictions.

Be sure to maintain the structural integrity of the home when passing a vent through walls, ceilings, or roofs.

The stove's exhaust system works with negative combustion chamber pressure and a slightly positive chimney pressure. It is very important to ensure that the exhaust system be sealed and airtight. The ash pan and viewing door must be locked securely for proper and safe operation of the pellet stove.

Do not burn with insuffi cient combustion air. A periodic check is recommended to ensure proper combustion air is admitted to the combustion chamber. Setting the proper combustion air is achieved by adjusting the slider damper located on the left side of the stove.

Wheninstallingthestoveinamobilehome,itmustbeelectricallygrounded to the steel chassis of the home and bolted to the fl oor. Make sure that the structural integrity of the home is maintained and all construction meets local building codes.

Minor soot or creosote may accumulate when the stove is operated under incorrect conditions such as an extremely rich burn (black tipped, lazy orange fl ames).

If you have any questions with regard to your stove or the above-men-tioned information, please feel free to contact your local dealer for further clarifi cation and comments.

PELLET QUALITY

Pellet quality is important, please read the following:

Pellet quality is a major factor in how the Pellet stove will operate. If the pellets have a high moisture or ash content the fire will be less efficient and has a higher possibility of the fire building up and creating clinkers (hard ash build-up).

Your Greenfire Pellet Stove has been designed to burn wood pellets only. Do not use any other type of fuel, as this will void any warranties stated in this manual.

The performance of your pellet stove is greatly affected by the type and quality of wood pellets being burned. As the heat output of various quality wood pellets differs, so will the performance and heat output of the pellet stove.

CAUTION: It is important to select and use only pellets that are dry and free of dirt or any impurities such as high salt content. Dirty fuel will adversely affect the operation and performance of the unit and will void the warranty. The Pellet Fuel Industries (P.F.I.) has established standards for wood pellet manufacturers. We recommend the use of pellets that meet or exceed these standards. Ask your dealer for a recommended pellet type.

P.F.I. PELLET STANDARDS:

Fines (fine particles)

......1% maximum through a 1/8" screen

Bulk Density..................

40 pound per cubic foot minimum

Size..............................

1/4” - 5/16” diameter 1/2" - 1-1/2"long maximum

Ash Content ..................

1% maximum (Premium grade)

..................

3% maximum (Standard grade)

Moisture Content...........

8% maximum

Heat Content.................

approximately 8200 Btu per pound minimum

ASH: The ash content of the fuel and operation of your stove will directly determine the frequency of cleaning. The use of high ash fuels may result in the stove needing to be cleaned daily. A low ash fuel may allow longer intervals between cleaning.

CLINKERING: Clinkers are silica (sand) or other impurities in the fuel that will form a hard mass during the burning process. This hard mass will block the air flow through the Burn Pot Liner and affect the performance of the stove. Any fuel, even approved types, may tend to clinker. Check theBurn-PotLiner daily to ensure that the holes are not blocked with clinkers. If they become blocked, remove the liner (when the unit is cold) and clean/scrape the clinkers out. Clean the holes with a small pointed object if required. Refer to the section Routine Cleaning and Maintenance.

PELLET FEED RATES: Due to different fuel densities and sizes, pellet feed rates may vary. This may require an adjustment to the slider damper setting or to the auger feed trim setting on low.

Since FPI has no control over the quality of pellets that you use, we assume no liability for negative results in selection of wood pellets.

Store pellets at least 36” (1 m) away from the pellet stove.

6

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

 

CONTROL BOARD FUNCTIONS

 

 

 

1.

AUGER TRIM:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Used to change feed rates on LOW ONLY for poorer quality fuels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Push the Auger Trim button until the number 1 and 5 lights appear

 

 

HIGH/LOW

 

 

on the Heat Level Indicator. This will increase the feed rate to 4

 

 

 

 

seconds ON time Auger pulse. This is done only on LOW to allow

 

AUTO/OFF

MANUAL

 

 

the burning of poor quality fuels. Push the button until the number

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

1 and 4 lights appear, this will reduce the Auger On time to 2 sec-

 

 

 

 

 

ond. This setting is for high-gradefuel only. Push the button until

 

 

 

1

 

 

just the number 1 light is on, this is for a three (3) second on time

 

 

 

 

 

(standard setting).

 

 

AUGER TRIM

 

2.

CONVECTION BLOWER CONTROL:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Used to turn the convection blower ON/OFF. Leave the convection

 

 

 

 

 

 

blower ON for peak efficiency.

8

 

FAN

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

AUGER PULSE LIGHT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

This light will fl ash in conjunction with the auger. The light comes

 

 

 

3

 

 

on when auger turns.

 

 

 

OPERATION

5.

SYSTEM LIGHT:

 

 

 

5

4.

MANUAL AUGER FEED:

 

 

AUGER

4

 

 

If the unit runs out of fuel, this button can be used to “prime the

 

 

 

 

auger system”. This button will turn off after 60 seconds and then

 

 

 

 

 

 

must be released and pressed again.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Responsible for signaling the state of the control board. When

 

HEAT

 

 

 

 

the light is fl ashing during start-up,the stove is in an automatic

7

ON/OFF

6

 

 

start mode. When the light is solid, the Heat Level Setting can be

LEVEL

 

 

altered.

 

 

 

 

 

6.

ON/OFF BUTTON:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Used to turn the unit ON and OFF.

 

 

 

 

 

7.

HEAT LEVEL ADJUSTMENT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

When pressed, will change the heat setting of the unit from low to

 

 

 

 

 

 

high.

 

 

 

GF55-008

 

8. HEAT OUTPUT INDICATOR:

Figure 3: Circuit Board Control Panel Decal.

Shows the present heat output setting.

9. CONTROL MODE SWITCH:

Used to set the unit’s controls to one of three mode settings; manual, high/low, or auto/off.

AUTOMATIC SAFETY FEATURES

A.The stove and insert have a low limit safety switch located on the housing of the exhaust blower. If the exhaust temperatures drop below 120°F

(49°C) the unit will shut down and will be required to go through a full start up procedure again.

The most common cause for this is an empty hopper. This switch should only be by-passedfor testing purposes by a technician.

B.The stove and insert have a high limit safety switch located just below the hopper behind the external body panels. If the temperature of this switch reaches 200°F (93°C), the auger will stop feeding fuel and as the exhaust temperatures drop below 120°F (49°C), the unit will shut down.

The 200°F (93°C) switch is a manual reset and should only be reset by a service person who can first diagnose the reason for failure.

The two most likely causes are Convection Fan failure or High Limit Switch failure. Either one needs to be properly diagnosed and rectified.

Since this is a safety switch it should never be by-passedfor any reason other than the service technician to test the operation.

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

7

OPERATION

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

OPERATING YOUR PELLET STOVE

PRE-BURN INSTRUCTIONS: The burn pot liner holes must be clear and the liner installed properly against the ignitor tube for proper operation. Check the hopper for enough pellets to start the unit.

Note: The thermostat mode can be changed during normal operation.

DO NOT OPERATE THE UNIT WITH THE DOOR OR ASH PAN OPEN.

MANUAL MODE

(No thermostat)

All control of circuit board function is adjusted at the circuit board.

START-UP: Press the ON / OFF button. The stove will turn on. The system light will fl ash. The Auger Light will fl ash with each pulse of the auger (the

Auger Feed Rate is pre-programmedduringstart-up).The Heat Level

Indicator will show the Heat Level that the stove will run at after start-up.

 

 

Figure 4: Thermostat Switch in

MANUAL position.

If this is the first time the unit has been started or the unit has run out of fuel, the auger will need to be primed. Press the Manual Auger Feed button until fuel starts to drop into the Burn Pot Liner. See "Control Board Functions" section.

OPERATION: When a fire has been established, the System Light will turn solid (after approximately 10 - 15 minutes) and the Auger Light will continue to flash to the corresponding Heat Level setting. The Heat Level button can now be pressed at this time to change the desired Heat Level Output setting.

The convection blower (room air blower) will turn on. The speed of this blower is controlled by the setting of the heat level output indicator. The convection blower can be turned OFF by depressing the convection blower control button. For the best efficiency and to prevent cycling, the convection blower should be left on at all times.

When operating on LOW HEAT LEVEL, the feed rate can be adjusted, using the auger trim, for different quality fuels. These settings can be used if the fire keeps going out on low (poor quality fuel). Or if the low setting is too hot for the room. See "Control Board Functions" section.

TURNING OFF: To turn the unit OFF, simply press the ON / OFF button.

This will stop the feed of pellets. The blowers will continue to operate and cool the stove down. When cool enough, the stove will turn off.

DO NOT unplug unit while Combustion fan is operating. This may lead to smoke escaping from the stove.

HIGH / LOW MODE

(Requires a thermostat)

INITIAL START-UP:See "manual mode".

OPERATION: When the thermostat calls for heat (contacts are closed) the stove settings are adjustable as per Manual Mode. When the thermostat contacts open, the HEAT LEVEL and Fans will drop down to the LOW setting until the thermostat contacts close again. *The LOW heat setting can be adjusted for different fuel qualities (see "Control Board Functions" section). The stove will come back to the previous HEAT LEVEL setting when the thermostat contacts close again.

TURNING OFF: To turn the unit OFF, simply press the ON / OFF button. This will stop the feed of pellets. The blowers will continue to operate and cool the stove down. When cool enough, the stove will turn off.

DO NOT unplug unit while Combustion fan is operating. This may lead to smoke escaping from the stove.

 

 

Figure 5: Thermostat Switch in HIGH/LOW position.

AUTO / OFF MODE

(Requires a thermostat)

INITIAL START-UP:See "manual mode".

OPERATION: When the thermostat contacts close, the unit will light automatically. Once up to temperature, the stove operates the same as in MANUAL. When the thermostat contacts open, the stove’s HEAT

LEVEL and Fans will drop down to the LOW setting for 30 minutes. If the thermostat contacts close within the 30 min, the HEAT LEVEL will return to the previous MANUAL setting. If the thermostat contacts remain open the stove automatically begins its shutdown routine. The stove will relight when the thermostat contacts close again.

TURNING OFF: To turn the unit OFF, turn the thermostat down or off.

DO NOT unplug unit while Combustion fan is operating. This may lead to smoke escaping from the stove.

 

 

Figure 6: Thermostat Switch in ON/OFF position.

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Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

SLIDER / DAMPER SET-UP

THE SLIDER / DAMPER MUST BE SET AT TIME OF INSTALLATION.

A Qualified Service Technician or Installer must set the Slider Damper. This is used to regulate the airflow through the pellet stove. The slider damper knob is located on the left cab side (see Figure 7).

Figure 8: Efficient Flame.

SPECIAL NOTES:

Pellet quality is a major factor in how the Pellet stove will operate. If the pellets have a high moisture or ash content the fire will be less efficient and has a higher possibility of the fire building up and creating clinkers (hard ash build-up).

Figure 7: Slider / Damper Knob.

If the fire should happen to go out and the heat output indicator has been set on the lowest setting, the Slider Damper should be pushed in slightly, decreasing the air in the firebox.

If, after long periods of burning, the fi re builds up and overfl ows the burn pot or there is a build up of clinkers, this would be a sign that the pellet quality is poor, this requires more primary air, the slider damper must be pulled out to compensate. Pulling the slider damper out gives the fi re more air.

The easiest way to make sure that an efficient fl ame is achieved is to understand the characteristics of the fi re.

Atall, lazy fl ame with dark orange tips requires more air – Open slider (pull out) slightly.

A short, brisk fl ame, like a blowtorch, has too much air – Close slider

(push in) slightly.

If the fl ame is in the middle of these two characteristics with a bright yellow/orange, active fl ame with no black tips then the air is set for proper operation, refer to Figure 8.

The combustion exhaust blower is a variable speed blower controlled by the heat output button. This blower will decrease the vacuum pressure inside the stove and as the heat output button is turned down.

NOTE:

Incorrect use of the Damper will cause malfunction and poor results from your stove or insert.

OPERATION

Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual

9

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

ROUTINE CLEANING & MAINTENANCE

The following list of components should be inspected and maintained routinely to ensure that the appliance is operating at its optimum and giving you excellent heat value:

2-3Days / Weekly

Semi-Annuallyor 2 Tons of Fuel

 

 

Burn Pot & Liner

Exhaust Vent

 

 

Ash Pan

Fresh Air Intake Tube

 

 

Inside Firebox

Blower Mechanisms

 

 

Door Glass

Heat Exchanger Tubes

 

 

Heat Exchanger Tubes

Behind Firebox Liners

 

 

Ash Pan & Door Gaskets

All Hinges

 

 

Door Latch

Post Season Clean-Up

 

 

If after long periods of burning, the fi re continually builds up and overfl ows the burn pot or there is a build up of clinkers, this is an indication that the pellet fuel quality is poor or the stove may need cleaning. Check the stove for ash build up (clean if required) and adjust the slider / damper to produce the proper clean combustion.

TOOLS REQUIRED TO CLEAN UNIT

a) Torx T-20Screwdriver

b)5/16" Wrench or Socket

c)1" Soft Paint Brush

d)Soft Cloth

e)Vacuum with fi ne Filter Bag

Figure 9: Burn Pot Assembly.

OPENING THE DOOR

The door lever can be found inbehind the right side of the door frame. To open the door, pivet the lever outwards and upwards until it unlocks.

BURN POT AND LINER

(2-3days)

Cleaning of the burn pot and liner must only be done when stove is cold. To remove the burn pot and burn pot liner, open the door using the door handle provided (located on the right-handside of the stove). Swing the door open. Lift the liner from the burn pot. Lift the burn pot from the fi rebox by gently lifting up the front of the burn pot, then sliding the assembly from the air intake tube and the ignitor cartridge. See fi gure 9.

This is the ‘pot’ where the pellets are burned. Every two (2) to three (3) days (when the unit is cold), remove the burn-potliner from the stove and inspected it to ensure proper air fl ow through the liner.Failure to keep the liner clean may cause a build up of fuel past the burn pot liner and up the drop tube. This will cause the auger to jam and may result in pellets burning in the drop tube and hopper. Using a metal scraper, remove material that has accumulated or is clogging the liner’s holes. Then dispose of ashes from the liner and from inside theburn-pot.Place theburn-potback into the stove, making sure that the pipes are properly inserted into the burn pot and locater tabs (see fi gure 9) are properly seated in the locater holes. Place the liner back into theburn-pot,making sure that the ignitor hole in the liner is aligned with the ignitor tube. Push the liner up against the ignitor tube.

DOOR GLASS CLEANING

(2-3days)

Cleaning of the glass must only be done when stove is cold. Open the door by lifting the handle. The glass can be cleaned by wiping down the outside and inside of the glass with a dry soft cloth.

If the glass has build up that can not be removed with only the cloth, clean the glass using paper towel and a gas appliance glass cleaner, this may be purchased through most dealers. If a gas appliance glass cleaner is not available, use a damp paper towel dipped in fl y ash to clean the glass.

After the glass has been cleaned use the dry soft cloth to wiping down the outside and inside of the glass.

ASH PAN AND DOOR GASKETS

(weekly)

After extended use the gasketing may come loose. To repair this, glue the gasketing on using high-temperaturefi berglass gasket glue / RTU silicone available from your local Greenfi re dealer. This is important to maintain an airtight assembly.

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Greenfi re Pellet Stove and Insert Owner's Manual