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Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

November 21, 2013

Cisco Systems, Inc.

www.cisco.com

Cisco has more than 200 offices worldwide. Addresses, phone numbers, and fax numbers are listed on the Cisco website at www.cisco.com/go/offices.

Text Part Number: OL-27644-01

THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.

THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION PACKET THAT SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY.

The following information is for FCC compliance of Class A devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequencyenergy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.

The following information is for FCC compliance of Class B devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, users are encouraged to try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Modifications to this product not authorized by Cisco could void the FCC approval and negate your authority to operate the product.

The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCB’s public domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California.

NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMEDSUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE.

IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

Cisco and the Cisco logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the U.S. and other countries. To view a list of Cisco trademarks, go to this URL: www.cisco.com/go/trademarks.Third-partytrademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (1110R)

Any Internet Protocol (IP) addresses and phone numbers used in this document are not intended to be actual addresses and phone numbers. Any examples, command display output, network topology diagrams, and other figures included in the document are shown for illustrative purposes only. Any use of actual IP addresses or phone numbers in illustrative content is unintentional and coincidental.

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

© 2013 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

C O N T E N T S

 

Preface ix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overview of the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Router 1-1

C H A P T E R 1

 

About the Cisco ISR 4451-X

1-1

 

 

 

 

 

Safety Warnings

1-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety Warnings for Finland, Norway and Sweden

1-3

 

Chassis Views

1-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cisco ISR 4451-X Chassis 1-4

 

 

 

 

Platform Summary

1-7

 

 

 

 

 

Locating the Serial Number, PID, VID and CLEI

1-7

 

 

Labels on Cisco ISR 4451-X

1-8

 

 

 

For Additional Help Locating Labels on the Router

1-8

 

Hardware Features

1-9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Built-in Interface Ports

1-9

 

 

 

 

 

Front Panel Ethernet Ports

1-10

 

 

 

Dual Mode GE/SFP Ports

 

1-10

 

 

 

USB Serial Console Port

1-10

 

 

 

Front Panel PoE+ Ports

1-10

 

 

 

Internal PoE card

 

1-11

 

 

 

 

 

LED Indicators

1-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Removable and Interchangeable Modules and Cards

1-13

 

Network Interface Modules

1-15

 

 

 

Cisco UCS E-Series Server Modules

1-15

 

 

Compact Flash

1-15

 

 

 

 

 

Solid State Drives

1-15

 

 

 

 

 

Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Modules

1-16

 

Memory

1-16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power Supplies

 

1-16

 

 

 

 

 

Fans, Ventilation, and Airflow

 

1-17

 

 

 

About Slots and Interfaces

1-17

 

 

 

 

 

About Slot, Subslot (Bay), and Port Numbering 1-17

 

Slot Numbering

1-19

 

 

 

 

 

 

About Slot 0

1-19

 

 

 

 

 

About Slot 1 and 2

1-20

 

 

 

 

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Contents

Additional Slots 1-20

Subslot/Bay Numbering

1-20

Gigabit Ethernet Management 1-20

About Fixed Interfaces

1-20

 

Specifications 1-20

 

 

 

 

Periodic Inspection and Cleaning

1-25

 

Preparing for Router Installation

 

 

C H A P T E R 2

2-1

 

 

Standard Warning Statements

2-1

 

 

General Safety Warnings

2-1

 

 

Safety Recommendations

2-5

 

 

 

Safety with Electricity

2-5

 

 

 

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage 2-7

 

General Site Requirements

2-7

 

 

 

General Precautions

2-7

 

 

 

Site Selection Guidelines

2-7

 

 

Site Environmental Requirements 2-8

 

Physical Characteristics

2-9

 

 

Rack Requirements 2-9

 

 

 

 

Router Environmental Requirements

2-10

 

Power Guidelines and Requirements

2-11

 

Network Cabling Specifications

2-11

 

Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations 2-12

Console Port Connections

2-12

Auxiliary Port Connections

2-13

Preparing for Network Connections 2-14

Ethernet Connections 2-14

 

Required Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance 2-14

Installation Checklist

2-16

 

Creating a Site Log

2-17

 

C H A P T E R 3

Installing and Connecting the Router 3-1

 

What You Need to Know 3-3

 

Before You Begin 3-3

 

 

Unpacking the Router

3-4

 

Installing the Router

3-4

Rack-Mounting the Chassis 3-5

Attaching Rack-Mount Brackets 3-5

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

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Contents

 

Mounting the Router in a Rack

3-7

 

 

 

 

 

Grounding the Chassis

3-9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Setting the Chassis on a Desktop

3-10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chassis Grounding

3-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecting Power

3-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecting to AC Power 3-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem

3-14

 

 

 

 

Connecting to the Serial Port with Microsoft Windows

3-14

 

Connecting to the Console Port with Mac OS X 3-15

 

 

 

Connecting to the Console Port with Linux

3-16

 

 

 

 

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver

3-16

 

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP USB Driver

3-17

 

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows 2000 USB Driver

 

3-17

 

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver

 

3-17

 

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Driver

3-18

 

 

 

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP and 2000 USB Driver 3-18

 

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver

3-19

 

Connecting to the Auxiliary Port

3-19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Interfaces

3-20

 

 

 

 

Ports and Cabling 3-22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connection Procedures and Precautions

3-22

 

 

 

 

Initial Configuration

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C H A P T E R 4

4-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

4-1

 

 

 

Using Cisco Setup Command Facility 4-1

 

 

 

 

 

Completing the Configuration

4-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using Cisco IOS-XE CLI—Manual Configuration

4-5

 

 

 

Configuring the Router Hostname

4-6

 

 

 

 

 

Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords

4-7

 

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout

4-8

 

Gigabit Ethernet Management Interface Overview

4-9

 

 

 

Default Gigabit Ethernet Configuration

4-10

 

 

 

 

Gigabit Ethernet Port Numbering

4-10

 

 

 

 

 

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

4-10

 

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

4-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort

4-12

 

Configuring IP Routing and IP Protocols

4-12

 

 

 

 

Default Routes

4-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Default Network

4-13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Contents

 

Gateway of Last Resort

4-13

 

 

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

4-15

 

 

 

 

 

Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access 4-16

 

Configuration Examples

4-17

 

 

 

 

 

Configuring the Auxiliary Line

4-17

 

 

 

Verifying Network Connectivity

4-19

 

 

 

 

 

Saving Your Router Configuration

4-20

 

 

 

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image 4-20

 

Configuration Examples

4-21

 

 

 

 

 

Verifying the Initial Configuration

4-23

 

 

 

 

 

ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

 

 

C H A P T E R 5

5-1

 

 

ROM Monitor Overview

5-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entering ROM Monitor Mode

5-2

 

 

 

 

 

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

5-2

 

 

Commonly Used ROM Monitor Commands

5-4

 

 

Displaying the Available ROM Monitor Commands

5-4

 

Examples

5-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changing the ROM Monitor Prompt

5-5

 

 

 

Displaying the Configuration Register Setting

5-5

 

 

Environment Variable Settings

 

5-5

 

 

 

 

 

Frequently Used Environmental Variables

5-6

 

 

Displaying Environment Variable Settings

5-6

 

 

Entering Environment Variable Settings

5-7

 

 

Saving Environment Variable Settings

5-7

 

 

 

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

5-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configuration Example

5-8

 

 

 

 

 

Upgrading the ROMmon for a Router

5-9

 

 

 

Example of Upgrade

5-9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

 

C H A P T E R 6

6-1

 

Safety Warnings

6-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accessing Internal Modules

6-4

 

 

 

 

 

Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover

6-4

 

 

Removing the Cover

6-4

 

 

 

 

 

Replacing the Cover

6-4

 

 

 

 

 

Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules

6-5

 

 

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD) 6-6

 

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

vi

6-36
6-36
6-36
6-34
6-33
6-30
6-31
6-30
6-29

Contents

Overview 6-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEDs on the NIM-SSD

6-8

 

 

 

 

Solid State Drives (SSD)

6-10

 

 

 

 

Installing the SSD Drives into the NIM Carrier Card

6-12

 

Removing the SSD Drives from the NIM-SSD 6-13

 

 

Removing and Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X NIM-SSD Drives

6-15

Removing the NIM-SSD from the Router

6-16

 

 

Replacing the NIM-SSD on the Router

6-18

 

 

Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs

6-18

 

 

 

Locating and Orienting DIMM

6-18

 

 

 

Removing a DIMM

6-20

 

 

 

 

Installing a DIMM

6-21

 

 

 

 

 

Installing and Removing NIMs and SMs 6-23

 

 

Software Requirement for SMs

6-24

 

 

 

Locating an SM or NIM

6-24

 

 

 

 

Removing an SM or NIM

6-24

 

 

 

 

Installing an SM

6-24

 

 

 

 

 

Verifying SM Installation

6-25

 

 

 

 

Installing and Removing the PVDM4

6-25

 

 

 

Tools and Equipment Required During Installation

6-26

 

PVDM4 Location and Orientation

6-26

 

 

 

Installing the PVDM4 on the Motherboard of the Cisco ISR 4451-X

6-27

Removing the PVDM4 from the Motherboard of the Cisco ISR 4451-X 6-28

Installing the PVDM4 on the Cisco Fourth-Generation T1/E1 Voice and WAN NIM in the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Removing the PVDM4 from the Cisco Fourth-Generation T1/E1 Voice and WAN Network Interface Module in the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Removing and Replacing the USB Flash Token Memory Stick

Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies

Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X Power Supply 6-31

Replacing the Power Supply on the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs 6-33

Inserting PoE Supply in an Ethernet Switch Network Module

Cisco ISR 4451-X Power and RPS Error Messages

Replacing a Fan Tray 6-34

Before Hot-Swapping a Fan Tray 6-34

Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X Fan Tray 6-34

Removing and Installing a CompactFlash Memory Card

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage

Removing a CompactFlash Memory Card

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

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Contents

Installing a CompactFlash Memory Card 6-37

Installing SFP Modules 6-38

 

Laser Safety Guidelines

6-40

Removing SFP Modules

6-40

 

Removing, Replacing, and Installing an Internal PoE Card

6-41

 

Online Insertion and Removal (OIR) and Hot-Swapping

 

C H A P T E R 7

7-1

 

OIR Procedures 7-2

 

 

 

Removing a Module

7-2

 

 

Inserting a Data or Voice Module 7-2

 

 

Hot-Swapping Procedures

7-2

 

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

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Preface

This preface describes the objectives, audience, organization and conventions of this guide, and the references that accompany this document set. The following sections are provided:

Objectives, page ix

Audience, page ix

Organization, page x

Conventions, page xi

Related Documentation, page xvii

Searching for Cisco Documents, page xviii

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request, page xviii

Objectives

This guide explains how to install, connect, and perform initial configurations for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router (ISR).

Note For warranty, service, and support information, see the “Cisco Warranty Terms” section in the

Pointer Card for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Routerdocument that was shipped with your router.

Audience

This guide is intended for Cisco equipment providers and service persons who are technically knowledgeable and familiar with Cisco routers and Cisco IOS software and features. They would understand how to install, configure, and maintain the router, and they should be familiar with electronic circuitry and wiring practices, and have experience as an electronic or electromechanical technician. This guide identifies certain procedures that should be performed only by trained and qualified personnel.

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ix

 

Organization

This guide includes the following chapters:

Chapter

Title

Description

 

 

 

1

Overview of the Cisco 4451-X

Describes the router chassis views, information

 

Integrated Services Router

for locating the serial number, PID1, and UDI2.

 

 

Also includes general hardware features, slot,

 

 

port, and interface information; and LED

 

 

indicators.

 

 

 

2

Preparing for Router Installation

Describes site requirements and the equipment

 

 

needed to install the router.

 

 

 

3

Installing and Connecting the Router

Describes how to install and connect the router to

 

 

LAN, WAN, and Voice networks.

 

 

 

4

Initial Configuration

Describes how to power up the router and

 

 

perform the initial configuration.

 

 

 

5

ROM Monitor Overview and Basic

Provides an overview of ROM Monitor concepts

 

Procedures

and operations.

 

 

 

6

Installing and Upgrading Internal

Describes how to install and upgrade internal

 

Modules and FRUs

modules and field replaceable units3 on the

 

 

router.

 

 

 

7

Online Insertion and Removal (OIR)

Describes how to remove and replace data and

 

and Hot-Swapping

modules using the online insertion and removal4

 

 

procedure.

 

 

 

1.PID = Product ID

2.UDI = Universal Device Identifier

3.FRU = Field Replaceable Unit

4.OIR = Online Insertion and Removal

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

 

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Conventions

This document uses the following conventions:

Convention

Indication

 

 

bold font

Commands and keywords and user-enteredtext appear inbold font.

 

 

italic font

Document titles, new or emphasized terms, and arguments for which you supply

 

 

values are in italic font.

 

 

 

[

]

Elements in square brackets are optional.

 

 

{x | y | z }

Required alternative keywords are grouped in braces and separated by

 

 

vertical bars.

 

 

[ x | y | z ]

Optional alternative keywords are grouped in brackets and separated by

 

 

vertical bars.

 

 

string

A nonquoted set of characters. Do not use quotation marks around the string or

 

 

the string will include the quotation marks.

 

 

courier font

Terminal sessions and information the system displays appear in courier font.

 

 

 

<

>

Nonprinting characters such as passwords are in angle brackets.

 

 

 

[

]

Default responses to system prompts are in square brackets.

 

 

!, #

An exclamation point (!) or a pound sign (#) at the beginning of a line of code

 

 

indicates a comment line.

 

 

 

Note Means reader take note.

Tip Means the following information will help you solve a problem.

Caution Meansreader be careful. In this situation, you might perform an action that could result in equipment damage or loss of data.

Timesaver Meansthe described action saves time. You can save time by performing the action described in the paragraph.

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Warning IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for preventing accidents. Use the statement number provided at the end of each warning to locate its translation in the translated safety warnings that accompanied this device. Statement 1071

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

Waarschuwing BELANGRIJKE VEILIGHEIDSINSTRUCTIES

Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij elektrische schakelingen betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van de standaard praktijken om ongelukken te voorkomen. Gebruik het nummer van de verklaring onderaan de waarschuwing als u een vertaling van de waarschuwing die bij het apparaat wordt geleverd, wilt raadplegen.

BEWAAR DEZE INSTRUCTIES

Varoitus TÄRKEITÄ TURVALLISUUSOHJEITA

Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Tilanne voi aiheuttaa ruumiillisia vammoja. Ennen kuin käsittelet laitteistoa, huomioi sähköpiirien käsittelemiseen liittyvät riskit ja tutustu onnettomuuksien yleisiin ehkäisytapoihin. Turvallisuusvaroitusten käännökset löytyvät laitteen mukana toimitettujen käännettyjen turvallisuusvaroitusten joukosta varoitusten lopussa näkyvien lausuntonumeroiden avulla.

SÄILYTÄ NÄMÄ OHJEET

Attention IMPORTANTES INFORMATIONS DE SÉCURITÉ

Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une situation pouvant entraîner des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant de travailler sur un équipement, soyez conscient des dangers liés aux circuits électriques et familiarisez-vousavec les procédures couramment utilisées pour éviter les accidents. Pour prendre connaissance des traductions des avertissements figurant dans les consignes de sécurité traduites qui accompagnent cet appareil,référez-vousau numéro de l'instruction situé à la fin de chaque avertissement.

CONSERVEZ CES INFORMATIONS

Warnung WICHTIGE SICHERHEITSHINWEISE

Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die zu Verletzungen führen kann. Machen Sie sich vor der Arbeit mit Geräten mit den Gefahren elektrischer Schaltungen und den üblichen Verfahren zur Vorbeugung vor Unfällen vertraut. Suchen Sie mit der am Ende jeder Warnung angegebenen Anweisungsnummer nach der jeweiligen Übersetzung in den übersetzten Sicherheitshinweisen, die zusammen mit diesem Gerät ausgeliefert wurden.

BEWAHREN SIE DIESE HINWEISE GUT AUF.

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

 

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Avvertenza IMPORTANTI ISTRUZIONI SULLA SICUREZZA

Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di intervenire su qualsiasi apparecchiatura, occorre essere al corrente dei pericoli relativi ai circuiti elettrici e conoscere le procedure standard per la prevenzione di incidenti. Utilizzare il numero di istruzione presente alla fine di ciascuna avvertenza per individuare le traduzioni delle avvertenze riportate in questo documento.

CONSERVARE QUESTE ISTRUZIONI

Advarsel VIKTIGE SIKKERHETSINSTRUKSJONER

Dette advarselssymbolet betyr fare. Du er i en situasjon som kan føre til skade på person. Før du begynner å arbeide med noe av utstyret, må du være oppmerksom på farene forbundet med elektriske kretser, og kjenne til standardprosedyrer for å forhindre ulykker. Bruk nummeret i slutten av hver advarsel for å finne oversettelsen i de oversatte sikkerhetsadvarslene som fulgte med denne enheten.

TA VARE PÅ DISSE INSTRUKSJONENE

Aviso INSTRUÇÕES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURANÇA

Este símbolo de aviso significa perigo. Você está em uma situação que poderá ser causadora de lesões corporais. Antes de iniciar a utilização de qualquer equipamento, tenha conhecimento dos perigos envolvidos no manuseio de circuitos elétricos e familiarize-secom as práticas habituais de prevenção de acidentes. Utilize o número da instrução fornecido ao final de cada aviso para localizar sua tradução nos avisos de segurança traduzidos que acompanham este dispositivo.

GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUÇÕES

¡Advertencia! INSTRUCCIONES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURIDAD

Este símbolo de aviso indica peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo, considere los riesgos de la corriente eléctrica y familiarícese con los procedimientos estándar de prevención de accidentes. Al final de cada advertencia encontrará el número que le ayudará a encontrar el texto traducido en el apartado de traducciones que acompaña a este dispositivo.

GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUCCIONES

Varning! VIKTIGA SÄKERHETSANVISNINGAR

Denna varningssignal signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som kan leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste du vara medveten om farorna med elkretsar och känna till vanliga förfaranden för att förebygga olyckor. Använd det nummer som finns i slutet av varje varning för att hitta dess översättning i de översatta säkerhetsvarningar som medföljer denna anordning.

SPARA DESSA ANVISNINGAR

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Aviso INSTRUÇÕES IMPORTANTES DE SEGURANÇA

Este símbolo de aviso significa perigo. Você se encontra em uma situação em que há risco de lesões corporais. Antes de trabalhar com qualquer equipamento, esteja ciente dos riscos que envolvem os circuitos elétricos e familiarize-secom as práticas padrão de prevenção de acidentes. Use o número da declaração fornecido ao final de cada aviso para localizar sua tradução nos avisos de segurança traduzidos que acompanham o dispositivo.

GUARDE ESTAS INSTRUÇÕES

Advarsel VIGTIGE SIKKERHEDSANVISNINGER

Dette advarselssymbol betyder fare. Du befinder dig i en situation med risiko for legemesbeskadigelse. Før du begynder arbejde på udstyr, skal du være opmærksom på de involverede risici, der er ved elektriske kredsløb, og du skal sætte dig ind i standardprocedurer til undgåelse af ulykker. Brug erklæringsnummeret efter hver advarsel for at finde oversættelsen i de oversatte advarsler, der fulgte med denne enhed.

GEM DISSE ANVISNINGER

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Warning When installing the product, please use the provided or designated connection cables/power cables/AC adaptors. Using any other cables/adaptors could cause a malfunction or a fire. Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law prohibits the use ofUL-certifiedcables (that have the “UL” shown on the code) for any other electrical devices than products designated by CISCO. The use of cables that are certified by Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law (that have “PSE” shown on the code) is not limited toCISCO-designatedproducts.Statement 371.

Warning There is the danger of explosion if the battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.Statement 1015

Warning Do not use this product near water; for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink or laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool.Statement 1035

Warning Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.Statement 1036

Warning Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.Statement 1037

Related Documentation

For a list of all related release and supported module documentation, see the Documentation Roadmap for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Routers at the following URL:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/access/4400/roadmap/isr4400roadmap.html

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Searching for Cisco Documents

To search an HTML document using a web browser, press Ctrl-F (Windows) orCmd-F (Apple). In most browsers, the option to search whole words only, invoke case sensitivity, or search forward and backward is also available.

To search a PDF document in Adobe Reader, use the basic Find toolbar (Ctrl-F)or the Full Reader Search window(Shift-Ctrl-F).Use the Find toolbar to find words or phrases within a specific document. Use the Full Reader Search window to search multiple PDF files simultaneously and to change case sensitivity and other options. The Adobe Reader online help has more information about how to search PDF documents.

Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request

For information on obtaining documentation, submitting a service request, and gathering additional information, see What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation at:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/whatsnew/whatsnew.html.

Subscribe to What’s New in Cisco Product Documentation, which lists all new and revised Cisco technical documentation, as an RSS feed and deliver content directly to your desktop using a reader application. The RSS feeds are a free service

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C H A P T E R 1

Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services

Router

About the Cisco ISR 4451-X

The Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router (ISR) is a modular router with LAN and WAN connectivity and supports several interface modules, including Cisco Service Modules (SMs), or Enhanced Service Modules(SM-X),and Network Interface Modules (NIMs). The router has slots that support the interface modules and modular Solid State Drives (SSDs).

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xstarget the following applications:

Enterprise applications—Intendedas themid-sizeaggregation and gateway router typically residing in a regional or large branch office:

WAN aggregation at Cisco Enterprise core

Internet gateway

Branch or regional office aggregation

Remote access aggregation

Service provider applications—Intendedforhigh-endEnterprise Branch environments.:

High-endcustomer premises equipment (CPE) forbusiness-qualityInternet access

Service provider leased line aggregation

Provider edge (PE) and high-endcustomer edge (CE) for Layer 2 VPN or Layer 3 VPN services

Broadband aggregation—PPPoE/PPPoAaggregation and Service Selection Gateway (SSG)

Low-endEthernet aggregation

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xsprovide the following capabilities:

Two single-wideSM slots that may be combined into one double wide SM slot.

Three single-wideNIM slots that may combined into one double wide (NIM1 and NIM2) and one single wide NIM slot (NIM3). The slots can also support a modular or optional SSD.

NIM3 slot also functions as a special hard drive carrier slot.

1 10/100/1000 RJ-45Ethernet port for system managements (labeled "GE 0" with “MGMT” on the left of the connector)

2 USB 2 Type A host ports

1 USB mini-TypeBConsole (placed next to the RJ45 Console port)

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Safety Warnings

1 RJ45 Console

1 RJ45 AUX port with full modem control signals

4 10/100/1000 RJ-45Ethernet ports (labeled GE 0/0/0, 0/0/1, 0/0/2, and 0/0/3)

4 100/1000 SFP Ethernet ports (labeled SFP 0/0/0, 0/0/1, 0/0/2, and 0/0/3)

LEDs for Ethernet and console status

LEDs for SATA hard disk drive activity and status (available on certain models)

Two DDR3 240 pin Control Plane DIMM slots which can be replaced

One DDR3 240 pin Data Plane DIMM slot which can be replaced

One compact flash slot, which is serviceable when the fan tray is removed

One 30W PoE daughter card for two of the front Gigabit Ethernet ports which can be replaced (labeled GE 0/0/0 and 0/0/1)

One Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Module (PVDM4) providing IP Voice and video capability

Environment monitoring

Field replaceable fan tray

Dual redundant power supply units (PSUs) and PoE PSU.

This chapter contains the following sections:

Safety Warnings, page 1-2

Chassis Views, page 1-3

Locating the Serial Number, PID, VID and CLEI, page 1-7

Hardware Features, page 1-9

About Slots and Interfaces, page 1-17

Specifications, page 1-20

Periodic Inspection and Cleaning, page 1-25

Safety Warnings

Warning IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for preventing accidents. Use the statement number provided at the end of each warning to locate its translation in the translated safety warnings that accompanied this device.

Statement 1071

SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Chassis Views

Warning Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.

Statement 1040

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Safety Warnings for Finland, Norway and Sweden

Warning statement 1017 applies to the countries of Finland, Norway, and Sweden.

Warning This unit is intended for installation in restricted access areas. A restricted access area can be accessed only through the use of a special tool, lock and key, or other means of security.

Statement 1017

Chassis Views

This section contains views of the front and back panels of the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs,showing locations of the power and signal interfaces, module slots, status indicators, and chassis identification labels.

Note The Cisco ISR4451-Xssupport the following slot types:

-Network Interface Modules (NIMs)

-Service modules (SMs, like SM-X-1T3/E3)

-Integrated Services Card (ISC slots for PVDM4s)

-E-SeriesServer Modules

-Solid State Drives (SSDs).

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Chassis Views

Cisco ISR 4451-XChassis

Figure 1-1 on page 1-4Bezel view with one PSU

Figure 1-2 on page 1-5Bezel view with two PSUs

Figure 1-3 on page 1-5Back panel slots and ports

Figure 1-4 on page 1-6—Bezel side LEDs

Figure 1-1

Bezel View of the Cisco ISR 4451-Xwith one Power Supply Unit

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

2

3

 

 

 

 

Cisco

Series

 

 

 

 

PSU1

PSU2

FLASH TEMP PWR

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE

 

 

 

 

 

POE1

POE2

BOOST VM

FAN STAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

285694

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

4

1

Router fan tray

2

LEDs

 

 

 

3

Router power On/Off switch

4

Power supply unit (PSU)

 

 

 

5

Optional power supply unit

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Chassis Views

Figure 1-2

Bezel side of the Cisco ISR 4451-Xwith two PSUs

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

2

3

 

 

 

Cisco 4400 Series

 

 

 

PSU1

PSU2

INT FLASH

TEMP PWR

 

 

 

 

 

POE

 

 

 

 

POE1

POE2

BOOST VM

FAN STAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

285695

 

 

5

 

 

4

1

Router fan tray

2 LEDs

 

 

 

3

Router power On/Off switch

4 AC power supply unit (P1)

 

 

 

5

AC power supply unit (P0)

 

 

 

 

Figure 1-3Back Panel (I/O Side) Slots and Connectors on the Cisco ISR4451-X

1

2

3

5

6

8

9

10

11

 

 

 

 

4

 

7

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

285698

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

21

 

18

 

15

 

 

 

 

22

20

19

17

16

14

13

 

12

 

1

GE 0 management port

 

2

Auxiliary port

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet port (GE 0/0/0)

 

4

LEDs for the GE 0/0/0 interface (See Table 1-1 for

 

 

 

 

 

detailed LED information)

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

SFP Gigabit Ethernet port (GE 0/0/0)

 

6

SFP Gigabit Ethernet port (GE 0/0/2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

LEDs for the GE 0/0/2 interface

 

8

RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet port (GE 0/0/2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

NIM slot 1

 

10

NIM slot 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

NIM slot 3 (Optional Modular SSD Slot)

 

12

Enhanced Service Module (SM-X)2

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Enhanced Service Module (SM-X)1

 

14

RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet port GE 0/0/3

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

LEDs for the GE 0/0/3 interface

 

16

SFP Gigabit Ethernet GE 0/0/3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chassis Views

17

SFP Gigabit Ethernet GE 0/0/1

18

LEDs for the GE 0/0/1 interface

 

 

 

 

19

RJ45 Gigabit Ethernet port GE 0/0/1

20

Serial Console Port

 

 

 

 

21

Console port USB 0 and USB 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1-4

Bezel Side LEDS of the Single PSU Cisco ISR 4451-XModel

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

 

 

 

 

PSU0

PSU1

INT

FLASH

TEMP

PWR

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE0

POE1 BOOST

VM

FAN

STAT

 

 

 

 

12

11

10

9

8

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cisco 4400 Series

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PSU10

PSU21

IINT FLASH TEMP PWR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POEPOE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE10

POE2POE1

BOOST VM FAN STAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

285696

1

PSU0: Power supply unit 1

2

PSU1: Power supply unit 2

3

GE POE: Internal PoE daughter card status

4

FLASH: Compact flash status

5

TEMP: Temperature status

6

PWR: Power

 

 

 

7

STAT: System status

8

FAN: Fan status

 

 

9

ISC: Integrated Services Card status

10 POE BOOST: Power over Ethernet boost mode

11

POE 1: Power over Ethernet 2 status

12 POE 0: Power over Ethernet 1 status

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Locating the Serial Number, PID, VID and CLEI

Platform Summary

Figure 1-5 shows an internal view of the Cisco ISR4451-Xwith all the parts and module location.

Figure 1-5Platform Summary of the Cisco ISR4451-X

2

3 1

285699

 

9

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

7

5

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.

ISC slot

 

2.

CPU

3.

DIMM

 

4.

Modular HDD Slot (Factory-configured)

5.

Modular HDD slot (Factory-configured)

6.

NIM 2 (single-wide)

7.

NIM slot divider

 

8.

NIM 1 (single-wide)

Locating the Serial Number, PID, VID and CLEI

Software License

To obtain a software license, you need a product authorization key (PAK) and the unique device identifier (UDI) of the device where the license will be installed.

The serial number (SN), product ID (PID), version ID (VID), and Common Language Equipment Identifier (CLEI) are printed on a label on the back of the router or on a label tray located on the router chassis or motherboard. The UDI can be viewed using the show license udi command in privileged Exec

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Locating the Serial Number, PID, VID and CLEI

mode in Cisco Internet Operating System (IOS) software. For additional information on the UDI or how to obtain a PAK, see the Cisco Software Activation on Integrated Services Routers document on Cisco.com.

The UDI has two main components:

Product ID (PID)

Serial number (SN)

Labels on Cisco ISR 4451-X

Figure 1-6 shows the location of the labels on the Cisco ISR4451-Xs.

Figure 1-6Label Location on the Cisco ISR4451-X

2

1

34

302982

Label

Description

1

Product ID

 

 

2

Serial Number

 

 

3

PID/VID

 

 

4

CLEI

 

 

For Additional Help Locating Labels on the Router

Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to find labels on the router. It provides detailed illustrations and descriptions of where the labels are located on Cisco products. It includes the following features:

A search option that allows browsing for models by using a tree-structuredproduct hierarchy

A search field on the final results page that makes it easier to look up multiple products

End-of-saleproducts clearly identified in results lists

The tool streamlines the process of locating serial number labels and identifying products. Serial number information expedites the entitlement process and is important for access to support services.

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Hardware Features

The Cisco Product Identification tool can be accessed at the following URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/Support/CPI/index.do

Hardware Features

This section describes the hardware features in the Cisco ISR 4451-X.

Built-in Interface Ports, page 1-9

LED Indicators, page 1-11

Removable and Interchangeable Modules and Cards, page 1-13

Fans, Ventilation, and Airflow, page 1-17

About Slots and Interfaces, page 1-17

Built-inInterface Ports

Figure 1-7Ports on the Cisco ISR4451-X

1

 

3

4

5

6

7

8

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

14

 

13

12

11

10

9

1

Gigabit Ethernet management port

2

USB port 0

 

 

 

 

3

USB console

4

Auxiliary port

 

 

 

 

5

Gigabit Ethernet port 0

6

Small-form-factorpluggable (SFP) 0

 

 

 

 

7

SFP 2

8

Gigabit Ethernet port 2

 

 

 

 

9

Gigabit Ethernet port 3

10

SFP 3

 

 

 

 

11

SFP 1

12

Gigabit Ethernet port 1

 

 

 

 

13

Serial Console port

14

HDD LEDs

 

 

 

 

15

HDD LEDs

16

USB port 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave four 10/100/1000 front panel ports and SFPs and one 10/100/1000

 

 

management port.

 

 

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Hardware Features

Front Panel Ethernet Ports

There are 4 front panel Ethernet ports. Each port independently supports dual-mediatypes, RJ45 copper or SFPs.

Dual Mode GE/SFP Ports

There are Dual Mode ports available on the Cisco ISR 4451-Xthat can function as GE or SFP ports.

GE Ports

The GE RJ-45copper interface ports support10BASE-T,100BASE-TX,and1000BASE-T.

SFP Ports

The small-form-factorpluggable (SFP) ports support, but are not restricted to1000BASE-LX/LH,1000BASE-SX,1000BASE-ZX,and CoarseWavelength-DivisionMultiplexing(CWDM-8)modules, as well as 100Mbs SFP modules.

The SFP port shares the same physical port as an RJ-45GE port with the same number. It can only be used for one or the other function at one time. The SFP port supportsauto-media-detection,auto-failoverand remote fault indication (RFI), as described in the IEEE 802.3ah specification.

Use the media-type{rj45{auto-failover}} | {sfp{auto-failover}} command to enable the auto-media-detection and auto-failover features. Use the Command Lookup Tool for details about this command.

The SFP port can be configured for the following behaviors:

Always use the RJ-45port.

Always use the SFP port.

Always use the RJ-45port but fail over to the SFP port if theRJ-45port fails. This is the default configuration.

Always use the SFP port but fail over to the RJ-45port if the SFP port fails.

USB Serial Console Port

The Mini-USBtype B serial port can be used as an alternative to the RJ45 console port. For Windows operating systems older than Windows 7, you must install a Windows USB device driver before using the USB console port.

Front Panel PoE+ Ports

Two of the four front panel ethernet ports are PoE+ (802.3at) compliant ports. These are ports GE 0/0/0 and GE 0/0/1.

System PoE power supplies do not provide power to the front panel ports.

Note The PoE card is always required to provide PoE power to these ports, regardless of what other power supplies are present in the system. An internal PoE module needs to be ordered separately for this functionality.

 

 

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

Hardware Features

Internal PoE card

The internal PoE daughter card provides a total of 30.8 Watts of power across the 2 ports.

LED Indicators

Table 1-1 summarizes the LED indicators that are located in the router bezel or chassis, but not on the interface cards and modules.

 

Note

For module LEDs, please refer to the respective module installation guides for each module.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1-1

LED Indicators on the Cisco ISR 4451-X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Represents

Color

Description

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAT

System

Solid

Normal System Operation.

Bezel side

 

 

 

Status

green

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

BIOS/Rommon is in the process of booting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

amber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

BIOS/Rommon has completed booting and system

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

at Rommon prompt or booting platform software.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

System is not out of reset or BIOS image not

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

loadable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TEMP

Temperature

Solid

All temperature sensors in the system are within

Bezel side

 

 

 

Status

green

acceptable range.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

One or more temperature sensors in the system are

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

outside the acceptable range.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Temperature is not being monitored.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAN

Fan Status

Green

All fans are operating.

Bezel side

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

One fan has stopped working.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

Two or more fans have stopped working, or the fan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

tray has been removed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Fans are not being monitored.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Ethernet

Green

Ethernet cable present and link established with

I/O side

 

 

(left)

ports 0 and 1

 

other side or PoE power is enabled for this port.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

Yellow: PoE power for this connector is faulty and

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

link is down. (Only for Ethernet port 0 and 1.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No link.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

Speed of

Green

Blink frequency indicates port speed:

I/O side

 

 

(left)

Ethernet

Blinking

1 blink - 10Mbps link speed

 

 

 

 

 

 

ports 0 and 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 blinks - 100Mbps link speed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 blinks - 1000Mbps link speed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No link or a non-Ethernet802.3af/t capable device

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

plugged in and powered over the PoE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hardware Features

Table 1-1

LED Indicators on the Cisco ISR 4451-X(continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Represents

Color

Description

Location

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Ethernet

Green

Ethernet cable present and link established with

I/O side

(right)

ports 2 and 3

 

other side.

 

and

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No link.

 

 

 

Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ethernet

 

 

 

 

 

Link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

Ethernet

Green

Blinking: blink frequency indicates port speed:

I/O side

(right)

ports 2, and 3

 

1 blink - 10Mbps link speed

 

and

 

 

 

 

 

2 blinks - 100Mbps link speed

 

 

 

Management

 

 

 

 

Ethernet

 

3 blinks - 1000Mbps link speed

 

 

 

Speed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No link

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SFP EN

Port 0, 1, 2,

Green

Indicates SFP module detected and recognized.

I/O side

 

 

and 3 Enable

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

Initialized with error.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Not present.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SFP S

Status of

Green

tbd

I/O side

 

 

Ports 0, 1, 2,

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

 

 

 

 

and 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Not present.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SER

Serial

Green

Indicates that the active console port is RJ-45.

I/O side

CON

Console

 

Note When this LED is on, the USB CON LED

 

 

 

Active

 

 

(right)

 

will be off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USB

USB Console

Green

Green indicates that the active console port is USB.

I/O side

CON

Active

 

Note When this LED is on, the SER CON LED

 

 

 

 

 

 

(left)

 

 

will be off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISC

ISC Slot

Green

PVDM4 present and enabled.

Bezel side

 

 

Status

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

Initialized with error.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Not present.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FLASH

Compact

Green

Present and inactive.

Bezel side

 

 

Flash Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinking

Compact flash present and currently being

 

 

 

 

Green

accessed.

 

 

 

 

 

Note Do not remove the Compact Flash when this

 

 

 

 

 

LED is blinking.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Not present.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PSU

Power

Green

PSU on and providing power.

Bezel side

 

 

Supply Unit

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

PSU is on but with errors or in a failure condition.

 

 

 

(P0 and P1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Power supply turned off.

 

 

 

Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hardware Features

Table 1-1

LED Indicators on the Cisco ISR 4451-X(continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Represents

Color

Description

Location

 

 

 

 

 

POE PSU

Power Over

Green

PSU is on and providing power.

Bezel side

 

Ethernet

 

 

 

(not

Amber

PSU is on but with errors or in a failure condition.

 

Power

 

supported

 

 

 

Off

PSU is off.

 

in Cisco

Supply Unit

 

 

 

 

1 and 2

 

 

 

IOS XE

 

 

 

Status

 

 

 

3.8)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE

Power Over

Green

Two PoE Power Supplies are installed and operating

Bezel side

Boost

Ethernet

 

in boost mode.

 

 

Boost Mode

 

 

 

(not

Off

This can mean one of the following:

 

 

 

supported

 

 

No PoE PSU installed

 

in Cisco

 

 

 

 

 

One PoE PSU installed

 

IOS XE

 

 

 

3.8)

 

 

Two PoE PSUs installed and operating in

 

 

 

 

redundant mode.

 

 

 

 

 

 

GE POE

Internal POE

Green

PSU installed and providing power

Bezel side

 

Daughter

 

 

 

 

Amber

PSU installed but in a failure condition.

 

 

Card Status

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

PSU is off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PWR

System

Green

System power is on and functioning correctly.

Bezel side

 

Power

 

 

 

 

Green

System power is in the process of shutting down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

blinking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

System power is up, but low level initialization

 

 

 

 

failed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amber

System power is up, but the system failed to come

 

 

 

blinking:

out of reset.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

System power is off.

 

 

 

 

 

 

AC OK

AC power

Green

AC power is on.

On each

 

status

 

 

power

 

Off

AC power is off.

 

 

supply

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

unit

 

 

 

 

 

Removable and Interchangeable Modules and Cards

Table 1-2 on page 1-15 summarizes the type of removable modules and cards that can be installed in the router to provide specific capabilities. Service Modules (SMs), Network Interface Modules (NIMs) andE-SeriesServer Modules, fit into external slots and can be removed or replaced without opening the chassis.

External Slots

Network Interface Modules, page 1-15

Cisco UCS E-Series Server Modules, page 1-15

Solid State Drives, page 1-15

 

 

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Internal Slots

Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Modules, page 1-16

Memory, page 1-16

Compact Flash, page 1-15

Because of physical differences with the new slots, legacy network modules and legacy Service Modules require an adapter for installation.

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Warning This equipment must be installed and maintained by service personnel as defined by AS/NZS 3260. Incorrectly connecting this equipment to ageneral-purposeoutlet could be hazardous. The telecommunications lines must be disconnected 1) before unplugging the main power connector or 2) while the housing is open, or both.Statement 1043

See the Overview of Cisco Network Modules and Service Modules for Cisco Access Routers document for general information and singleand double-wide slot numbering.

See the Installing Cisco Network Modules in Cisco Access Routers document for instructions that describe how to install SMs in the router.

See the Overview of Cisco Interface Cards for Cisco Access Routers for general interface card information.

See the Installing Cisco Interface Cards in Cisco Access Routers document, for instructions that describe how to install legacy interface cards in the router.

Note See the router product page at Cisco.com for a list of supported network modules and interface cards for Cisco ISR4451-Xs.

 

 

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Hardware Features

Table 1-2 shows the number of internal and external slots on Cisco ISR4451-Xs.It also shows the number of EHWICs and SMs that are supported in the router slots at any time.

Note Table 1-2 is valid for Cisco IOS XE release 3.9.

T

Cisco ISR 4451-XSlots and Module Configurations

Table 1-2

 

 

Modules and Cards

 

Router

Solid State Drive (SSD)

Service Module (SM-X)

Network Interface Module (NIM)

E-SeriesModule (UCS)

Cisco ISR

1 single-wide

2 single-wide

3 single-wide

2 single-wide

4451-X

 

or

or

or

 

1 double-wide

1 double-wide+ 1single-wide

1 double-wide

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Network Interface Modules

To install the Cisco SM-X-1T3/E3service modules on the router chassis, see theInstalling Cisco Network Modules in Cisco Access Routers guide for installation instructions at the following URL:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/access/interfaces/nm/hardware/installation/guide/InstNetM. html.

Cisco UCS E-SeriesServer Modules

The Cisco UCS E-SeriesServers(E-SeriesServers) are the next generation of Cisco UCS Express servers.E-SeriesServers are a family of size, weight, and power efficient blade servers that are housed within the Generation 2 Cisco Integrated Services Routers (ISR G2) and the Cisco4451-XIntegrated Services Router. These servers provide a general purpose compute platform forbranch-officeapplications deployed either asbare-metalon operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows or Linux; or as virtual machines on hypervisors, such as VMware vSphere Hypervisor™, MicrosoftHyper-V,or Citrix XenServer.

Compact Flash

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xsuse a USB to Compact Flash.

Note Do not run the router without a Compact Flash card installed. CiscoIOS-XEwill not come up without a compact flash card in the router.

Solid State Drives

The NIM slot 3 in the Cisco ISR 4451-Xsupports afield-replaceablesolid state drive module with adual-SSDSATA slot.

The SSD slot is always powered up. The SSDs are hot-swappableas part of normal operation. See the “Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD), page 6-6section for more information.

 

 

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Chapter 1 Overview of the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

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Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Modules

The Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Modules (PVDM4s) add additional voice capabilities to the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs.The PVDM4 is installed inside the chassis of the router. See the“Installing the PVDM4 on the Motherboard of the Cisco ISR 4451-X” section on page 6-27 for installation instructions.

Memory

Cisco ISR 4451-Xrouters contain the following types of memory:

Control and data plane DIMMs—Storesthe running configuration and routing tables and is used for packet buffering by the network interfaces. Cisco IOS XE software executes from memory. Supported module types are DualIn-LineMemory Modules (DIMMs).

Note The DIMMs are interchangeable although the same sizes are not supported in all locations. The single data plane DIMM must have a 2GB DIMM which is exactly like one of the two DIMMs used for the control plane with 4GB default memory. The control plane uses two DIMMs and they must be exactly the same type and density.

Boot/NVRAM—Storesthe bootstrap program (ROM monitor), the configuration register, and the startup configuration.

Flash memory—Internalbootflash memory. Stores the operating system software image. Each model supports 1 internal Compact Flash 8GB, 15GB or 32 GB memory card. The compact flash is located behind the fan tray on the router chassis.

Note You must useCisco-qualifiedCompactFlash cards. Use of any other cards during normal network operation can affect system performance.

Power Supplies

Cisco ISR 4451-Xssupport a variety of power supply configurations. All power supplies arefield-replaceableand externally accessible.

If configured with dual power supplies or a PoE adaptor, the power supplies are hot-swappable.There is an option for a second power supply unit.

Configurations include AC, internal PoE, and PoE boost. Table 1-3 summarizes the power options.

Table 1-3

Cisco ISR 4451-XField Replaceable Unit Power Options

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Router Model

 

AC

Hot Swap1

Additional AC Power

Internal PoE

Internal PoE Boost

Cisco ISR 4451

 

X

X

 

X

X

-X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Must have PoE boost installed.

 

 

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About Slots and Interfaces

Fans, Ventilation, and Airflow

Chassis Ventilation

An internal fan tray consisting of 4 fans provides chassis cooling. An onboard temperature sensor controls the fan speed. The fans are always on when the router is powered on. Under most conditions, the fans operate at the slowest speed to conserve power and reduce fan noise. The fans operate at the higher speeds when necessary under conditions of higher ambient temperature. To replace a fan tray, see the “Replacing a Fan Tray” section on page 6-34.

Figure 1-8 shows the Cisco ISR4451-Xairflow.

Figure 1-8Cisco ISR4451-XAirflow)

303009

About Slots and Interfaces

This section covers the following topics:

About Slot, Subslot (Bay), and Port Numbering, page 1-17

Slot Numbering, page 1-19

Subslot/Bay Numbering, page 1-20

Gigabit Ethernet Management, page 1-20

About Fixed Interfaces, page 1-20

About Slot, Subslot (Bay), and Port Numbering

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xsupports two types of interface modules: Enhanced Service Modules (SMs) and Network Modules (NIMs).

 

 

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About Slots and Interfaces

In most cases, the router designates its interfaces using a 3-tuplenotation that lists the slot, bay, and port. The3-tuplevalue is zero based. An example of a3-tupleis 0/1/2. This refers to slot 0, the second bay in slot 0 (the first bay is 0 so the second bay is 1), and the third port in bay 1. SeeTable 1-4 for more examples.

 

Table 1-4

Slot, Subslot (Bay) and Port Numbering

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-TupleExample

 

Slot

 

Bay

 

Port

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0/1/2

 

0

 

2nd

 

3rd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0/0/1

 

0

 

1st

 

2nd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1/1/1

 

1

 

2nd

 

2nd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slots and bays are numbered from the left to the right, and from the top to the bottom.

NIMs are designated by the number of the first slot that they occupy. A NIM occupies two slots, but its designation is only the left-mostslot number(double-widecards only).

The auxiliary (AUX) serial port and console (CON) serial port do not have slot, bay, or port numbers.

The GE management port is named GE 0. It does not have a slot, bay, or port number.

The two USB ports are named USB0 and USB1. They do not have slot, bay or port numbers

Note USB0 and USB1 can be used to insert flash drives..

Figure 1-9 shows the ports and slots on the Cisco ISR4451-Xs.

 

 

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About Slots and Interfaces

Figure 1-9Ports and Slots on the Cisco ISR4451-Xs

1

 

3

4

5

6

7

8

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

14

 

13

12

11

10

9

1

Gigabit Ethernet management port

2

USB port 0

 

 

 

 

3

USB console

4

Auxiliary port

 

 

 

 

5

Gigabit Ethernet port 0

6

Small-form-factorpluggable (SFP) 0

 

 

 

 

7

SFP 2

8

Gigabit Ethernet port 2

 

 

 

 

9

Gigabit Ethernet port 3

10

SFP 3

 

 

 

 

11

SFP 1

12

Console port

 

 

 

 

13

Gigabit Ethernet port 1

14

HDD 2 LED

 

 

 

 

15

HDD 1 LED

16

USB port 1

 

 

 

 

Slot Numbering

Slots are numbered 0, 1 and 2.

About Slot 0

About Slot 1 and 2

Additional Slots

About Slot 0

The following are the main features of Slot 0:

Slot 0 is the motherboard and not removable. It is reserved for integrated ports and NIMs.

The front panel GE ports (or native interface ports) always reside in slot 0 and bay 0. There are four ports, and they are called Gigabitethernet 0/0/0, Gigabitethernet 0/0/1, Gigabitethernet 0/0/2, and Gigabitethernet 0/0/3.

PVDM4s do not have an external slot number. Therefore, the nomenclature for PVDM4s always has 0 in the first tuple. For example, the 3-tuplefor an PVDM4 might be 0/4/x.

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About Slot 1 and 2

Slot 1 and slot 2 are NIM slots. All enhanced SM slots start with 1.

Additional Slots

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave the following additional slots:

P0: Field upgradable power supply slot 0

P1: Field upgradable/replaceable power supply slot 1.

INT-POE:Internal PoE card slot.

Subslot/Bay Numbering

Integrated devices, also known as integrated ports or FPGEs, and integrated NIMs reside in a fixed section of bay 0.

Main board NIMs bays start at bay 1, since the integrated devices and integrated NIMs take up bay 0.

The bay numbers for PVDM4s start with the next bay number after the last NIM bay number.

The two modular SATA slots share the same bay as the third NIM slot.

Gigabit Ethernet Management

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xprovides a Gigabit Ethernet Management port, called GE0. This port is the only1-tupleport on the system. See the<chapter on Ethernet Management in SW Configuration Guide> for additional information about the Gigabit Ethernet Management port.

About Fixed Interfaces

The router supports fixed interfaces on the motherboard and on service modules. The system treats the onboard interfaces as if they lived on a virtual NIM plugged into bay 0. In this case, the front panel GigabitEthernet ports are considered slot 0 bay 0 (0/0/x). The onboard ports on the service module are slot 1 bay 0 (1/0/x).

Specifications

The following tables provide Cisco ISR 4451-Xspecifications.

Cisco ISR4451-X—Table 1-5

 

 

Table 1-5

Cisco ISR 4451-XRouter Specifications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description

 

 

Specification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dimensions (H x W x D)

 

3.5 x 17.25 x 18.7 in. (88.9 x 438.2 x 474.9 mm), 2 RU height

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Table 1-5

Cisco ISR 4451-XRouter Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description

 

 

Specification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with AC PS (w/o

 

28.5 lbs (12.92 kg)

 

 

modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with dual AC-PoEPS

 

30.0 lbs (13.6 kg)

 

 

(w/o modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with dual AC + PoE

 

38.0-40.0lbs(17.23-18.14kg)

 

 

adaptor (w/o modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AC input power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input voltage

 

100 to 240 VAC, autoranging

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

 

 

47 to 63 Hz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input current

 

5.3 A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input current with PoE

 

7.4 A

 

 

 

Power Adaptor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surge current

 

60 A peak and less than 12 Arms per half cycle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power consumption

 

75 to 320 W, 256 to 1092 BTU/hr (configuration dependent)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With AC-PoE

 

80 to 750 W, 273 to 753 BTU/hr (configuration dependent)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ports

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Console port

 

 

One RJ-45connector and one mini USB Type B, USB 2.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

compliant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary port

 

 

RJ-45connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USB ports

 

 

Two USB Type A, USB 2.0 compliant, 2.5 W (500 mA) max.1

 

 

10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet

 

Three RJ-45connectors (GE0/0, GE0/1, GE0/2),auto-MDIX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SFP

 

 

 

Once an SFP module is installed the adjacent RJ-45GE connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

is disabled. See xxxx for a list of supported modules.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating humidity

 

5 to 85% RH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 104 F (0 to 40 C)

 

 

5906 ft (1800 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 104 F (0 to 40 C)

 

 

9843 ft (3000 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 86 F (0 - 30 C)

 

 

10,000 ft (3000 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating altitude maximum

 

10,000 ft (3000 m); China: > 2000 m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation and Storage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating temperature

 

-40to 158 F(-40to 70 C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating humidity

 

5 to 95% RH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating altitude

 

15,000 ft (4570 m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acoustic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Specifications

 

 

Table 1-5

Cisco ISR 4451-XRouter Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description

 

 

Specification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with AC PS (w/o

 

28.5 lbs (12.92 kg)

 

 

modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with dual AC-PoEPS

 

30.0 lbs (13.6 kg)

 

 

(w/o modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weight with dual AC + PoE

 

38.0-40.0lbs(17.23-18.14kg)

 

 

adaptor (w/o modules)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AC input power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input voltage

 

100 to 240 VAC, autoranging

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Frequency

 

 

47 to 63 Hz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input current

 

5.3 A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Input current with PoE

 

7.4 A

 

 

 

Power Adaptor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surge current

 

60 A peak and less than 12 Arms per half cycle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power consumption

 

75 to 320 W, 256 to 1092 BTU/hr (configuration dependent)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With AC-PoE

 

80 to 750 W, 273 to 753 BTU/hr (configuration dependent)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ports

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Console port

 

 

One RJ-45connector and one mini USB Type B, USB 2.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

compliant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary port

 

 

RJ-45connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USB ports

 

 

Two USB Type A, USB 2.0 compliant, 2.5 W (500 mA) max.1

 

 

10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet

 

Three RJ-45connectors (GE0/0, GE0/1, GE0/2),auto-MDIX

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SFP

 

 

 

Once an SFP module is installed the adjacent RJ-45GE connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

is disabled. See xxxx for a list of supported modules.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating humidity

 

5 to 85% RH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 104 F (0 to 40 C)

 

 

5906 ft (1800 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 104 F (0 to 40 C)

 

 

9843 ft (3000 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature - up to

 

32 to 86 F (0 - 30 C)

 

 

10,000 ft (3000 m) elevation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating altitude maximum

 

10,000 ft (3000 m); China: > 2000 m

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation and Storage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating temperature

 

-40to 158 F(-40to 70 C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating humidity

 

5 to 95% RH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating altitude

 

15,000 ft (4570 m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acoustic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Specifications

Table 1-5

Cisco ISR 4451-XRouter Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

Description

 

Specification

 

 

Acoustic: Sound Pressure

54.4 to 67.4 dBA

(Typical/Maximum)

 

 

 

Acoustic: Sound Power

62.6 to 74.5 dBA

(Typical/Maximum)

 

 

 

 

Regulatory

 

 

 

 

Safety compliance

IEC 60950-1,Safety of information technology equipment

 

 

EN 60950-1,Safety of information technology equipment

 

 

UL 60950-1,Standard for safety for information technology

 

 

equipment [US]

 

 

CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1,Safety of information technology

 

 

equipment including electrical business equipment [Canada]

 

 

AS/NZS 60950.1 2003

 

 

GB 4943[PRC]

 

 

IEC60950, 2nd Edition [Mexico]

 

 

For detailed compliance information, see the Regulatory

 

 

Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 4451-X

 

 

Integrated Services Router document

 

 

 

 

 

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Specifications

Table 1-5

Cisco ISR 4451-XRouter Specifications (continued)

 

 

 

Description

 

Specification

 

 

Immunity compliance

CISPR24 ITE-Immunitycharacteristics, Limits and methods of

 

 

measurement

 

 

EN 55024 ITE-Immunitycharacteristics, Limits and methods of

 

 

measurement

 

 

EN 50082-1Electromagnetic compatibility - Generic immunity

 

 

standard - Part 1

 

 

EN 300-386Electromagnetic compatibility for TNE

 

 

SD/EMI

 

 

EN 61000-6-1

 

 

For detailed compliance information, see the Regulatory

 

 

Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco4451-X

 

 

Integrated Services Router document

 

 

EMC compliance

EN 55022, class A

 

 

CISPR22, class A

 

 

CFR47, Part 15, Subpart B, class A

 

 

EN 300386, Class A

 

 

AS/NZS CISPR22, Class A

 

 

VCCI, Class A

 

 

SD/EMI, Class A

 

 

Harmonic Current Emission

 

 

EN 61000-3-2for EUT Power requirements <16A

 

 

EN 61000-3-12for EUT Power requirements >16A

 

 

Voltage Fluctuation and Flicker

 

 

EN 61000-3-3for EUT Power requirements <16

 

 

EN 61000-3-11for EUT Power requirements >16A

 

 

For detailed compliance information, see the Regulatory

 

 

Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 4451-X

 

 

Integrated Services Router document.

 

 

 

1. 480 Mb/s individually, bandwidth is shared when both are used.

 

 

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Periodic Inspection and Cleaning

Periodic Inspection and Cleaning

Periodic inspection and cleaning of the external surface of the router is recommended to minimize the negative impact of environmental dust or debris. The frequency of inspection and cleaning is dependent upon the severity of the environmental conditions, but a minimum of every six months is recommended. Cleaning involves vacuuming of router air intake and exhaust vents. See the “Fans, Ventilation, and Airflow” section on page 1-17.

Caution Sites with ambient temperatures consistently above 25°C or 77°F and with potentially high levels of dust or debris may require periodic preventative maintenance cleaning.

 

 

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C H A P T E R 2

Preparing for Router Installation

This document provides preinstallation information, such as recommendations and requirements that should be before installing your router. See the following sections to prepare for installation:

Safety Recommendations, page 2-5

General Site Requirements, page 2-7

Rack Requirements, page 2-9

Router Environmental Requirements, page 2-10

Network Cabling Specifications, page 2-11

Installation Checklist, page 2-16

Creating a Site Log, page 2-17

To see translated warnings that appear in this publication, see the Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Routers document.

Standard Warning Statements

This section describes the warning definition and then lists core safety warnings grouped by topic.

Warning This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with standard practices for preventing accidents. Use the statement number provided at the end of each warning to locate its translation in the translated safety warnings that accompanied this device.

Note: SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS

Statement 1071

General Safety Warnings

Warning Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power source.Statement 1004

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Standard Warning Statements

Warning Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.

Statement 1040

Warning Installation of the equipment must comply with local and national electrical codes.Statement 1074

Warning To comply with the Class A emissions requirements shielded twisted pair T1/E1 cables must be used forSPA-8-PortChannelized T1/E1 SPA(SPA-8XCHT1/E1)on the Cisco ISR4451-Xs.EN55022/CISPR22 Statement

Warning To comply with Class A emissions requirementsshielded management Ethernet, CON, and AUX cables on the Cisco ISR4451-Xsmust be used.

Warning Power cable and AC adapter - When installing the product, please use the provided or designated connection cables/power cables/AC adaptors. Using any other cables or adapters could cause a malfunction or a fire. Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law prohibits the use of certified cables (that have the ‘UL’ shown on the code) for any other electrical devices than products designated by Cisco. The use of cables that are certified by Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law (that have ‘PSE’ shown on the code) is not limited toCisco-designatedproducts.Statement 371

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install or replace this equipment

Statement 1030

Warning This product relies on the building’s installation forshort-circuit(overcurrent) protection. Ensure that the protective device is rated not greater than: AC power supplies for the Cisco ISR4451-X.Statement 1005

Warning This product requiresshort-circuit(overcurrent) protection to be provided as part of the building installation. Install only in accordance with national and local wiring regulations.Statement 1045

Warning This unit may have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

Warning This unit is intended for installation in restricted access areas. A restricted access area can be accessed only through the use of a special tool, lock and key, or other means of security.Statement 1017

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Standard Warning Statements

Warning Theplug-socketcombination must be accessible at all times, because it serves as the main disconnecting device.Statement 1019

Warning Hazardous voltage or energy may be present on the DC power terminals. Always replace cover when terminals are not in service. Be sure uninsulated conductors are not accessible when cover is in place.Statement 1075

Warning Use copper conductors only.Statement 1025

Warning This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 1024

Warning Hazardous voltage or energy is present on the backplane when the system is operating. Use caution when servicing.Statement 1034

Warning Class 1 laser product.Statement 1008

Warning Class 1 LED product.Statement 1027

Warning Laser radiation is present when the system is open.Statement 1009

Warning Do not stare into the laser beam.Statement 1010

Warning Class I(CDRH) and Class 1M (IEC) laser products.Statement 1055

Warning Invisible laser radiation may be emitted from the end of the unterminated fiber cable or connector. Do not view directly with optical instruments. Viewing the laser output with certain optical instruments (for example, eye loupes, magnifiers, and microscopes) within a distance of 100 mm may pose an eye hazard.Statement 1056

Warning There is the danger of explosion if the battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.Statement 1015

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Standard Warning Statements

Warning Do not touch or bridge the metal contacts on the battery. Unintentional discharge of the batteries can cause serious burns.Statement 341

Warning To prevent personal injury or damage to the chassis, never attempt to lift or tilt the chassis using the handles on modules (such as power supplies, fans, or cards); these types of handles are not designed to support the weight of the unit.Statement 1032

Warning To prevent the system from overheating, do not operate it in an area that exceeds the maximum recommended ambient temperature of: 40 degrees C.Statement 1047

Warning This equipment must be externally grounded using acustomer-suppliedground wire before power is applied. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 366

Warning Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.Statement 1029

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Warning This equipment must be installed and maintained by service personnel as defined by AS/NZS 3260. Incorrectly connecting this equipment to ageneral-purposeoutlet could be hazardous. The telecommunications lines must be disconnected 1) before unplugging the main power connector or 2) while the housing is open, or both.Statement 1043

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

Warning Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the unit is OFF or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables, detach the end away from the unit first.Statement 1026

Warning Before opening the unit, disconnect thetelephone-networkcables to avoid contact withtelephone-networkvoltages.Statement 1041

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Safety Recommendations

Warning Do not use this product near water; for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink or laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool.Statement 1035

Warning Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.Statement 1036

Warning Nouser-serviceableparts inside. Do not open.Statement 1073

Warning Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.Statement 1037

Warning Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.Statement 1038

Warning To report a gas leak, do not use a telephone in the vicinity of the leak.Statement 1039

Safety Recommendations

Follow these guidelines to ensure general safety:

Review the safety warnings listed in Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco4451-XIntegrated Services Routersthat comes with your Cisco ISR 4451-X, before installing, configuring, or maintaining the router.

Never attempt to lift an object that might be too heavy for you to lift by yourself.

Keep the chassis area clear and dust-freeduring and after installation.

If you remove the chassis cover, put it in a safe place.

Keep tools and chassis components away from walk areas.

Do not wear loose clothing that could get caught in the chassis. Fasten your tie or scarf and roll up your sleeves.

Wear safety glasses when working under conditions that might be hazardous to your eyes.

Do not perform any action that creates a hazard to people or makes the equipment unsafe.

Safety with Electricity

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

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Safety Recommendations

Warning Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.

Statement 1001

Warning Read the installation instructions before connecting the system to the power source.Statement 1004

Warning The covers are an integral part of the safety design of the product. Do not operate the unit without the covers installed.Statement 1077

Follow these guidelines when working on equipment powered by electricity:

Locate the emergency power-offswitch in the room in which you are working. If an electrical accident occurs, you can quickly turn off the power.

Disconnect all power before doing the following:

Installing or removing a chassis

Working near power supplies

Look carefully for possible hazards in your work area, such as moist floors, ungrounded power extension cables, frayed power cords, and missing safety grounds.

Do not work alone if hazardous conditions exist.

Never assume that power is disconnected from a circuit. Always check.

Never open the enclosure of the internal power supply.

If an electrical accident occurs, proceed as follows:

Use caution; do not become a victim yourself.

Turn off power to the device.

If possible, send another person to get medical aid. Otherwise, assess the condition of the victim and then call for help.

Determine if the person needs rescue breathing or external cardiac compressions; then take appropriate action.

In addition, use the following guidelines when working with any equipment that is disconnected from a power source but still connected to telephone wiring or other network cabling:

Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.

Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for it.

Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line is disconnected at the network interface.

Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.

Remove power cables from all installed power supplies before opening the chassis.

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General Site Requirements

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. It can occur if electronic printed circuit cards are improperly handled and can cause complete or intermittent failures. Always follow ESD prevention procedures when removing and replacing modules:

Ensure that the router chassis is electrically connected to ground.

Wear an ESD-preventivewrist strap, ensuring that it makes good skin contact. Connect the clip to an unpainted surface of the chassis frame to channel unwanted ESD voltages safely to ground. To guard against ESD damage and shocks, the wrist strap and cord must operate effectively.

If no wrist strap is available, ground yourself by touching a metal part of the chassis.

Caution For the safety of your equipment, periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap. It should be between 1 and 10 megohms (Mohm).

General Site Requirements

This section describes the requirements your site must meet for safe installation and operation of your router. Ensure that the site is properly prepared before beginning installation. If you are experiencing shutdowns or unusually high errors with your existing equipment, this section can also help you isolate the cause of failures and prevent future problems.

General Precautions

Observe the following general precautions when using and working with your Cisco ISR 4451-X.

Keep your system components away from radiators and heat sources and do not block cooling vents.

Do not spill food or liquids on your system components and never operate the product in a wet environment.

Do not push any objects into the openings of your system components. Doing so can cause fire or electric shock by shorting out interior components.

Position system cables and power supply cables carefully. Route system cables and the power supply cable and plug so that they cannot be stepped on or tripped over. Be sure that nothing else rests on your system component cables or power cable.

Do not modify power cables or plugs. Consult a licensed electrician or your power company for site modifications. Always follow your local and national wiring rules.

If you turn off your system, wait at least 30 seconds before turning it on again to avoid system component damage.

Site Selection Guidelines

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xsrequire specific environmental operating conditions. Temperature, humidity, altitude, and vibration can affect the performance and reliability of the router. The following sections provide specific information to help you plan for the proper operating environment.

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Chapter 2 Preparing for Router Installation

General Site Requirements

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xsare designed to meet the industry EMC, safety, and environmental standards described in theRegulatory, Safety, and Compliance Information for Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Routers document.

Site Environmental Requirements

Environmental monitoring in the Cisco ISR 4451-Xprotects the system and components from damage caused by excessive voltage and temperature conditions. To ensure normal operation and avoid unnecessary maintenance, plan and prepare your site configurationbefore installation. After installation, make sure the site maintains the environmental characteristics as shown inTable 2-1.

Table 2-1

Cisco ISR 4451-XEnvironmental Tolerances

 

 

 

 

Environmental Characteristic

Minimum

Maximum

 

 

 

Steady State Operating

0 degree C

50 degree C

 

 

 

(50 degrees C at 10,000

 

 

 

feet)

 

 

 

 

Storage

 

–20degrees C

+70 degrees C

 

 

 

Humidity operating (noncondensing)

10%

90%

 

 

 

Humidity nonoperating (noncondensing)

5%

95%

 

 

 

Altitude operating: over allowable temperature

–500feet

10,000 feet

range (0 to 50 degrees C)

 

 

 

 

 

Altitude, nonoperating: over allowable temperature

–1000feet

50,000 feet

range

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thermal shock non-operatingwith change over time

–25degrees C

+70 degrees C

of 3 minute

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thermal Shock - Operating at 2.5 degree C per

0 degrees C

+50 degrees C

minute

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Rack Requirements

Physical Characteristics

Be familiar with the physical characteristics of the Cisco ISR 4451-Xto assist you in placing the system in the proper location.

Table 2-2 shows the weight and dimensions of the Cisco ISR4451-X.

Table 2-2

Physical Characteristics of Cisco ISR 4451-Xs

 

 

 

Characteristics

 

Cisco ISR 4451-Xs

 

 

 

Height

 

3.5 in. (8.89 cm.)—2RUrack-mount

 

 

 

Width

 

17.25 in. (43.815 cm.)—19-inchrack-mount

 

 

 

Depth

 

18.7 in. (47.498 cm.)

 

 

(including card handles, cable-managementbrackets, power supply

 

 

handles)

 

 

 

Weight

 

38-40lbs(17.23-18.14kg)

 

 

 

The following list describes additional Cisco ISR 4451-Xchassis characteristics:

Chassis height meets EIA-310rack spacing 2RU (3.5 inches/88.90 mm.), universalrack-mount

Chassis width meets EIA-31019-inch(17.25 inches/438.15 mm) wide with rack brackets

Cable-managementbrackets at each Cisco ISR4451-Xlocations can hold 16 ports of STP/UTP RJ 45 cables

Cable-managementbrackets allow a bend radius of 1.5 inches for cables

Adjustable rack-mountbrackets allow for a front to rear rail variance distance of 15.50/394mm to 19.00/482.6mm

Rack Requirements

Some Cisco routers include brackets for use with a 19-inchrack or, if specified in your order, optional larger brackets for use with a23-inchrack.

The following information can help you plan your equipment rack configuration:

Allow clearance around the rack for maintenance.

Allow at least one rack unit of vertical space between routers.

Enclosed racks must have adequate ventilation. Ensure that the rack is not congested, because each router generates heat. An enclosed rack should have louvered sides and a fan to provide cooling air. Heat generated by equipment near the bottom of the rack can be drawn upward into the intake ports of the equipment above it.

When mounting a chassis in an open rack, ensure that the rack frame does not block the intake or exhaust ports. If the chassis is installed on slides, check the position of the chassis when it is seated in the rack.

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Router Environmental Requirements

Router Environmental Requirements

Cisco ISR 4451-Xscan be placed on a desktop or installed in a rack. The location of your router and the layout of your equipment rack or wiring room are extremely important considerations for proper operation. Equipment placed too close together, inadequate ventilation, and inaccessible panels can cause malfunctions and shutdowns, and can make maintenance difficult. Plan for access to both front and rear panels of the router.

When planning your site layout and equipment locations, refer to the “General Site Requirements” section on page 2-7,section. If you are currently experiencing shutdowns or an unusually high number of errors with your existing equipment, these precautions and recommendations may help you isolate the cause of failure and prevent future problems.

Ensure that the room where your router operates has adequate air circulation. Electrical equipment generates heat. Without adequate air circulation, ambient air temperature may not cool equipment to acceptable operating temperatures.

Always follow ESD-preventionprocedures described in the“Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage” section on page 2-7 to avoid damage to equipment. Damage from static discharge can cause immediate or intermittent equipment failure.

Ensure that the chassis cover and module rear panels are secure. All empty network module slots, interface card slots, and power supply bays must have filler panels installed. The chassis is designed to allow cooling air to flow within it, through specially designed cooling slots. A chassis with uncovered openings permits air leaks, which may interrupt and reduce the flow of air across internal components.

Baffles can help to isolate exhaust air from intake air, which also helps to draw cooling air through the chassis. The best placement of the baffles depends on the airflow patterns in the rack, which can be found by experimenting with different configurations.

When equipment installed in a rack (particularly in an enclosed rack) fails, try operating the equipment by itself, if possible. Power off other equipment in the rack (and in adjacent racks) to allow the router under test a maximum of cooling air and clean power.

 

 

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Power Guidelines and Requirements

Power Guidelines and Requirements

Check the power at your site to ensure that you are receiving “clean” power (free of spikes and noise). Install a power conditioner if necessary.

The AC power supply includes the following features:

Autoselects either 110 V or 220 V operation.

All units include a 6-foot(1.8-meter)electrical power cord. (A label near the power inlet indicates the correct voltage, frequency[AC-poweredsystems only], current draw, and power dissipation for the unit.)

Table 2-3 lists power requirements for the Cisco ISR4451-Xs.

Table 2-3

Power Requirements for Cisco ISR 4451-Xs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Router

 

Power Source

Input Power

Input Voltage

 

 

 

 

Tolerance Limits

 

 

 

 

Cisco ISR 4451-X

AC

100 — 240 VAC, 3.0 A, 50 — 60 Hz

90 — 264 VAC

 

 

 

 

Cisco ISR 4451-Xwith

AC

100 — 240 VAC, 8.0 A, 50 — 60 Hz

90 — 264 VAC

PoE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Network Cabling Specifications

The following sections describe the cables needed to install your Cisco ISR 4451-Xin the following sections:

Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations, page 2-12

Preparing for Network Connections, page 2-14

 

 

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Network Cabling Specifications

Console and Auxiliary Port Considerations

The router includes an asynchronous serial console port and an auxiliary port. The console and auxiliary ports provide access to the router either locally using a console terminal connected to the console port, or remotely using a modem connected to the auxiliary port. This section discusses important cabling information to consider before connecting the router to a console terminal or modem.

The main difference between the console and auxiliary ports is that the auxiliary port supports hardware flow control and the console port does not. Flow control paces the transmission of data between a sending device and a receiving device. Flow control ensures that the receiving device can absorb the data sent to it before the sending device sends more. When the buffers on the receiving device are full, a message is sent to the sending device to suspend transmission until the data in the buffers has been processed. Because the auxiliary port supports flow control, it is ideally suited for use with the high-speedtransmissions of a modem. Console terminals send data at speeds slower than modems do; therefore, the console port is ideally suited for use with console terminals.

Console Port Connections

The router has both EIA/TIA-232asynchronous(RJ-45)and USB5-pinmini Type B, 2.0 compliant serial console ports. The console ports do not have any hardware flow control. Shielded USB cables with properly terminated shields are recommended.

EIA/TIA-232

Depending on the cable and the adapter used, this port appears as a DTE or DCE device at the end of the cable. Only one port can be used at the same time.

The default parameters for the console port are 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. The console port does not support hardware flow control. For detailed information about installing a console terminal, see the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-14.

For cable and port pinouts, see the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document located on Cisco.com.

USB Serial Console

The USB serial console port connects directly to the USB connector of a PC using a USB Type A to 5-pinmini USBType-Bcable. The USB Console supports full speed (12Mb/s) operation. The console port does not support hardware flow control.

Note Always use shielded USB cables with a properly terminated shield.

The default parameters for the console port are 9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity, and 1 stop bit. For detailed information about installing a console terminal, see the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-14.

For operation with a Microsoft Windows OS version older than Windows 7, the Cisco Windows USB Console Driver must be installed on any PC connected to the console port. If the driver is not installed, prompts guide you through a simple installation process. For detailed information about installing the Cisco Windows USB Console Driver see “Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver” section on page 3-16.

 

 

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Network Cabling Specifications

The Cisco Windows USB Console Driver allows plugging and unplugging the USB cable from the console port without affecting Windows HyperTerminal operations. No special drivers are needed for Mac OS X or Linux.

Only one console port can be active at a time. When a cable is plugged into the USB console port, the RJ-45port becomes inactive. Conversely, when the USB cable is removed from the USB port, theRJ-45port becomes active.

Baud rates for the USB console port are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, and 115200 bps.

Note 4-pinmini USBType-Bconnectors are easily confused with5-pinmini USBType-Bconnectors. Only the5-pinmini USBType-Bis supported.

USB Console OS Compatibility

Windows 2000, Window XP 32 bit, Windows Vista 32 bit

Mac OS X version 10.5.4

Redhat / Fedora Core 10 with kernel 2.6.27.5-117

Ubuntu 8.10 with kernel 2.6.27-11

Debian 5.0 with kernel 2.6

Suse 11.1 with kernel 2.6.27.7-9

Auxiliary Port Connections

The router has an EIA/TIA-232asynchronous serial auxiliary port(RJ-45)that supports flow control. Depending on the cable and the adapter used, this port appears as a DTE or DCE device at the end of the cable.

For connection to a modem, your must use an RJ-45-to-DB-25adapter cable. This cable is orderable separately along with aDB-9-to-DB-25adapter.

For detailed information about connecting devices to the auxiliary port, see the “Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-14.

For cable and port pinouts, see the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document at Cisco.com.

 

 

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Required Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance

Preparing for Network Connections

When setting up your router, consider distance limitations and potential electromagnetic interference (EMI) as defined by the applicable local and international regulations.

Network connection considerations are provided for:

Ethernet Connections, page 2-14

See the following online document for more information about network connections and interfaces:

Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications

Warning To avoid electric shock, do not connect safetyextra-lowvoltage (SELV) circuits totelephone-networkvoltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both useRJ-45connectors.Statement 1021

Ethernet Connections

The IEEE has established Ethernet as standard IEEE 802.3. Cisco ISR 4451-Xssupport the following Ethernet implementations:

1000BASE-T—1000Mb/sfull-duplextransmission over a Category 5 or better unshieldedtwisted-pair(UTP) cable. Supports the Ethernet maximum length of 328 feet (100 meters).

100BASE-T—100Mb/sfull-duplextransmission over a Category 5 or better unshieldedtwisted-pair(UTP) cable. Supports the Ethernet maximum length of 328 feet (100 meters).

10BASE-T—10Mb/sfull-duplextransmission over a Category 5 or better unshieldedtwisted-pair(UTP) cable. Supports the Ethernet maximum length of 328 feet (100 meters).

See the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document at Cisco.com for information about Ethernet cables, connectors, and pinouts.

Required Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Warning This equipment must be installed and maintained by service personnel as defined by AS/NZS 3260. Incorrectly connecting this equipment to ageneral-purposeoutlet could be hazardous. The telecommunications lines must be disconnected 1) before unplugging the main power connector or 2) while the housing is open, or both.Statement 1043

 

 

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Required Tools and Equipment for Installation and Maintenance

You need the following tools and equipment to install and upgrade the router and its components:

ESD-preventivecord and wrist strap

Number 2 Phillips screwdriver

Phillips screwdrivers: small, 3/16-in.(4 to 5 mm) and medium,1/4-in.(6 to 7 mm)

To install or remove modules

To remove the cover, if you are upgrading memory or other components

Screws that fit your rack

Wire crimper

Wire for connecting the chassis to an earth ground:

AWG 6 (13 mm2) wire forNEBS-compliantchassis grounding

AWG 14 (2 mm2) or larger wire forNEC-compliantchassis grounding

AWG 18 (1 mm2) or larger wire for EN/IEC60950-compliantchassis grounding

For NEC-compliantgrounding, an appropriateuser-suppliedring terminal, with an inner diameter of 1/4 in. (5 to 7 mm)

In addition, depending on the type of modules you plan to use, you might need the following equipment to connect a port to an external network:

Cables for connection to the WAN and LAN ports (dependent on configuration)

Note For more information on cable specifications, see theCisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document at Cisco.com.

Ethernet hub or PC with a network interface card for connection to an Ethernet (LAN) port.

Console terminal (an ASCII terminal or a PC running HyperTerminal or similar terminal emulation software) configured for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no flow control, and no parity.

Modem for connection to the auxiliary port for remote administrative access (optional).

Data service unit (DSU) or channel service unit/data service unit (CSU/DSU) as appropriate for serial interfaces.

External CSU for any CT1/PRI modules without a built-inCSU.

 

 

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Installation Checklist

Installation Checklist

The sample installation checklist lists items and procedures for installing a new router. Make a copy of this checklist and mark the entries when completed. Include a copy of the checklist for each router in your site log (described in the next section, “Creating a Site Log”).

Installation checklist for site_____________________________________________

Router name_______________________________________________________

Task

Verified by

Date

 

 

 

Installation checklist copied

 

 

 

 

 

Background information placed in Site Log

 

 

 

 

 

Site power voltages verified

 

 

 

 

 

Installation site power check completed

 

 

 

 

 

Required tools available

 

 

 

 

 

Additional equipment available

 

 

 

 

 

Router received

 

 

 

 

 

Router quick start guide received

 

 

 

 

 

Regulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the

 

 

Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Routersdocument

 

 

received

 

 

 

 

 

Product registration card received

 

 

 

 

 

Cisco.com contact information label received

 

 

 

 

 

Chassis components verified

 

 

 

 

 

Initial electrical connections established

 

 

 

 

 

ASCII terminal (for local configuration) or

 

 

modem (for remote configuration) available

 

 

 

 

 

Signal distance limits verified

 

 

 

 

 

Startup sequence steps completed

 

 

 

 

 

Initial operation verified

 

 

 

 

 

Software image verified

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Creating a Site Log

Creating a Site Log

The Site Log provides a record of all actions related to the router. Keep it in an accessible place near the chassis where anyone who performs tasks has access to it. Use the installation checklist to verify steps in the installation and maintenance of the router. Site Log entries might include the following information:

Installation progress—Makea copy of the installation checklist and insert it into the site log. Make entries as each procedure is completed.

Upgrade and maintenance procedures—Usethe site log as a record of ongoing router maintenance and expansion history. A site log might include the following events:

Installation of network modules

Removal or replacement of network modules and other upgrades

Configuration changes

Maintenance schedules and requirements

Maintenance procedures performed

Intermittent problems

Comments and notes

Inspect all items for shipping damage. If anything appears to be damaged or if you encounter problems installing or configuring your router, contact customer service. Warranty, service, and support information is in the quick start guide that shipped with your router, or in the Preface of this guide. See the “Obtaining Documentation and Submitting a Service Request” section on page -xviii.

 

 

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C H A P T E R 3

Installing and Connecting the Router

This document describes how to install and connect the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Routers (ISRs) to LAN, WAN, and Voice networks. The following sections provide technical details.

Installing the Router, page 3-4

Chassis Grounding, page 3-11

Connecting Power, page 3-12

Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem, page 3-14

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver, page 3-16

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Driver, page 3-18

Connecting to the Auxiliary Port, page 3-19

Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Interfaces, page 3-20

Warning To see translations of the warnings that appear in this publication, see theRegulatory Compliance and Safety Information for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Routers document.Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment. Statement 1030

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

Warning Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.Statement 1029

Warning Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the unit is OFF or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables, detach the end away from the unit first.Statement 1026

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Warning This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 1024

Warning Before opening the unit, disconnect thetelephone-networkcables to avoid contact withtelephone-networkvoltages.Statement 1041

Warning Do not use this product near water; for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink or laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool.Statement 1035

Warning Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.Statement 1036

Warning Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.Statement 1037

Warning Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.Statement 1038

Warning To report a gas leak, do not use a telephone in the vicinity of the leak.Statement 1039

Warning This unit is intended for installation in restricted access areas. A restricted access area can be accessed only through the use of a special tool, lock and key, or other means of security.

Statement 1017

Warning Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.

Statement 1029

Warning The covers are an integral part of the safety design of the product. Do not operate the unit without the covers installed.Statement 1077

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Chapter 3 Installing and Connecting the Router

What You Need to Know

What You Need to Know

CLI Console Access

Use the USB console port on the router to access the Cisco Internet Operating System (IOS-XE)command line interface (CLI) on the router and perform configuration tasks. A terminal emulation program is required to establish communication between the router and a PC. See the“Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem” section on page 3-14 for instructions.

Note A Microsoft Windows USB driver must be installed before you establish physical connectivity between the router and the PC.

Slot and Port Numbers

Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave built in ports and new slots. The new slots accommodate new modules and interface cards; SMs, NIMs, PVDM4s, and the CiscoE-SeriesServer Modules. See the“About Slots and Interfaces” section on page 1-17 for slot and port numbering.

Software Licenses

To use all the features on the Cisco ISR 4451-X,you must purchase a software package.

See the ”Licensing” section of the Software Configuration Guide for the Cisco4451-XIntegrated Services Routersfor more information.

Before You Begin

Before installing and connecting a Cisco Integrated Services Router, read the safety warnings and gather the following tools and equipment.

ESD-preventivecord and wrist strap

Number 2 Phillips screwdriver

Flat-bladescrewdrivers: small,3/16-in.(4 to 5 mm) and medium,1/4-in.(6 to 7 mm)

To install or remove modules

To remove the cover, if you are upgrading memory or other components

Screws that fit your rack

Wire crimper

Wire for connecting the chassis to an earth ground:

AWG 6 (13 mm2) wire forNEBS-compliantchassis grounding

AWG 14 (2 mm2) or larger wire forNEC-compliantchassis grounding

AWG 18 (1 mm2) or larger wire for EN/IEC60950-compliantchassis grounding

For NEC-compliantgrounding, an appropriateuser-suppliedring terminal, with an inner diameter of 1/4 in. (5 to 7 mm)

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Unpacking the Router

In addition, depending on the type of modules you plan to use, you might need the following equipment to connect a port to an external network:

Cables for connection to the WAN and LAN ports (dependent on configuration)

Note For more information on cable specifications, see theCisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document on Cisco.com.

Ethernet hub or PC with a network interface card for connection to an Ethernet (LAN) port.

Console terminal (an ASCII terminal or a PC running HyperTerminal or similar terminal emulation software) configured for 9600 baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no flow control, and no parity.

Modem for connection to the auxiliary port for remote administrative access (optional).

Data service unit (DSU) or channel service unit/data service unit (CSU/DSU) as appropriate for serial interfaces.

External CSU for any CT1/PRI modules without a built-inCSU.

Unpacking the Router

Do not unpack the router until you are ready to install it. If the final installation site will not be ready for some time, keep the chassis in its shipping container to prevent accidental damage. When you are ready to install the router, proceed with unpacking it.

The router, accessory kit, publications, and any optional equipment you ordered may be shipped in more than one container. When you unpack the containers, check the packing list to ensure that you received all of the items on the list.

Installing the Router

If you need to install modules and FRUs, you can install them either before or after you install the router. Ideally, you install modules when you have the best access to the back panel of the router. Internal modules and FRUs, such as SMs, NIMs or Packet Voice Digital Signal Processor Module (PVDM4s), Compact Flash Cards, and fan trays should be installed before rack-mounting.

There are two methods of installing the router:

Rack-Mounting the Chassis, page 3-5

Setting the Chassis on a Desktop, page 3-10

Warning Before working on a system that has an on/off switch, turn OFF the power and unplug the power cord.

Statement 1

Caution To prevent damage to the chassis, never attempt to lift or tilt the chassis by holding it by the plastic panel on the front. Always hold the chassis by the sides of the metal body.

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Installing the Router

Rack-Mountingthe Chassis

 

 

 

 

Warning

If the rack is provided with stabilizing devices, install the stabilizers before mounting or servicing the unit in the rack.

 

 

 

Statement 1006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warning This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 1024

Warning To prevent the system from overheating, do not operate it in an area that exceeds the maximum recommended ambient temperature of: 40 degrees C.Statement 1047

Cisco ISR 4451-Xscan be installed in19-inch(48.26-cm)EIA and23-inch(58.42-cm)Southwestern Bell Corporation (SBC) racks. The Cisco ISR4451-Xscan also be mounted in a600-mmETSI rack. Use the standard brackets shipped with the router for mounting the chassis in a19-inchEIA rack; you can order optional larger brackets for mounting the chassis in a23-inchSBC rack.

You can mount the router in the following ways:

Center-frontmounting—Bracketsattached in the center front of the chassis with only the front panel facing forward.

Center-backmounting—Bracketsattached in the center back of the chassis with only the back panel facing forward.

Front mounting—Bracketsattached at the front of the chassis with the front panel facing forward.

Back mounting—Bracketsattached at the back of the chassis with the back panel facing forward.

Attaching Rack-MountBrackets

Attach the mounting brackets to the router chassis as shown in Figure 3-1 throughFigure 3-4,using the screws provided.

Caution Do notover-torquethe screws. The recommended torque is 15 to 18inch-lb(1.7 to 2.0N-m).

Attach the second bracket to the opposite side of the chassis. Use a number-2Phillips screwdriver to install thenumber-8bracket screws.

Caution Your chassis installation must allow unrestricted airflow for chassis cooling.

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Installing the Router

Figure 3-1Bracket Installation for Front Mounting

2

2

1

1

23-inchSBC1 brackets

2

19-inchEIA brackets

1. Southwestern Bell Corporation (SBC)

 

 

Figure 3-2

Bracket Installation for Center-FrontMounting

2

2

1

1

23-inchSBC brackets

2

19-inchEIA brackets

 

 

 

 

1

302953

 

1

302954

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Installing the Router

Figure 3-3Bracket Installation for Back Mounting

302955

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

1

1 23-inchSBC brackets

2 19-inchEIA brackets

Figure 3-4

Bracket Installation for Center-BackMounting

1

 

 

2

 

 

302956

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

23-inchSBC brackets

2

19-inchEIA brackets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mounting the Router in a Rack

After you attach the rack-mountbrackets to the router chassis, use the screws provided with the rack to install the chassis in the rack. (SeeFigure 3-5.)

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Installing the Router

Tip For both the19-inchEIA brackets and the23-inchSBC brackets, start the lower pair of screws first, and rest the brackets on the lower screws while you insert the upper pair of screws.

Tip The screw slots in the brackets are spaced to line up with everysecond pair of screw holes in the rack. When the correct screw holes are used, the small threaded holes in the brackets line up with unused screw holes in the rack. If the small holes do not line up with the rack holes, you must raise or lower the brackets to the next rack hole.

Warning To prevent bodily injury when mounting or servicing this unit in a rack, you must take special precautions to ensure that the system remains stable. The following guidelines are provided to ensure your safety:

This unit should be mounted at the bottom of the rack if it is the only unit in the rack.

When mounting this unit in a partially filled rack, load the rack from the bottom to the top with the heaviest component at the bottom of the rack.

If the rack is provided with stabilizing devices, install the stabilizers before mounting or servicing the unit in the rack. Statement 1006

Warning To prevent personal injury or damage to the chassis, never attempt to lift or tilt the chassis using the handles on modules (such as power supplies, fans, or cards); these types of handles are not designed to support the weight of the unit.Statement 1032

Caution Be sure to leave space above and below each router in a rack to allow for cooling air circulation.

Figure 3-5 shows a typical installation in a rack.

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Installing the Router

Figure 3-5Mounting the Chassis in a Rack (Typical)

SP

302994

1

1 Mounting screws (4)

Figure 3-6 shows an installation with a chassisrear-forward.

Figure 3-6Mounting the Chassis in a Rack, Rear Forward

302995

1

1 Mounting screws (4)

Grounding the Chassis

After the router is installed, you must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground. For the chassis ground connection procedures, see the “Chassis Grounding” section on page 3-11.

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Installing the Router

Setting the Chassis on a Desktop

You can place the Cisco ISR 4451-Xon a desktop, bench top, or shelf.

Note Do not set the chassis in an area where the high accoustic noise can be an issue.

Warning To prevent personal injury or damage to the chassis, never attempt to lift or tilt the chassis using the handles on modules (such as power supplies, fans, or cards); these types of handles are not designed to support the weight of the unit.Statement 1032

Caution Do not place anything on top of the router that weighs more than 10 pounds (4.5 kg), and do not stack routers on a desktop. Excessive distributed weight of more than 10 pounds, or pound point load of

10 pounds on top could damage the chassis.

Caution Your chassis installation must allow unrestricted airflow for chassis cooling. For placing the router on a desktop, keep at least 1 inch (2.54 cm) of clear space beside the cooling inlet and exhaust vents.

After the router is installed, you must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground. For the chassis ground connection procedures, see the “Chassis Grounding” section on page 3-11.

 

 

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Chassis Grounding

Chassis Grounding

Warning This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 1024

Warning During this procedure, wear grounding wrist straps to avoid ESD damage to the card. Do not directly touch the backplane with your hand or any metal tool, you could shock yourself.Statement 94

You must connect the chassis to a reliable earth ground; the ground wire must be installed in accordance with local electrical safety standards.

For grounding, use size 6 AWG (13 mm2) copper wire and the ground lug provided in the accessory kit.

Note This equipment is suitable for installation in Network Telecommunications Facilities and locations where the NEC applies. The equipment is suitable for installation as part of the Common Bonding Network (CBN).

For NEC-compliantgrounding, use size 14 AWG (2 mm2) or larger copper wire and an appropriateuser-suppliedring terminal with an inner diameter of 1/4 in.(5–7mm).

For EN/IEC 60950-compliantgrounding, use size 18 AWG (1 mm2) or larger copper wire and an appropriateuser-suppliedring terminal.

To install the ground connection for a Cisco ISR 4451-X,perform the following steps:

Step 1 Strip one end of the ground wire to the length required for the ground lug or terminal.

For the ground lug—approximately0.75 inch (20 mm)

For user-providedringterminal—asrequired

Step 2 Crimp the ground wire to the ground lug or ring terminal, using a crimp tool of the appropriate size.

Step 3 Attach the ground lug or ring terminal to the chassis as shown inFigure 3-7.For a ground lug, use the two screws with captive locking washers provided. For a ring terminal, use one of the screws provided. Tighten the screws to a torque of 8 to 10in-lb(0.9 to 1.1N-m).

 

 

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Connecting Power

Figure 3-7Chassis Ground Connection on the Cisco ISR4451-XChassis

250915

Step 4 Connect the other end of the ground wire to a known reliable earth ground point at your site.

Connecting Power

This section explains how to connect AC power to Cisco ISR 4451-Xs.

Warning Read the installation instructions before connecting the system to the power source.Statement 1004

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Note The installation must comply with all required electrical codes applicable at the installation site.

 

 

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Connecting Power

Warning When installing the product, please use the provided or designated connection cables/power cables/AC adaptors. Using any other cables/adaptors could cause a malfunction or a fire. Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law prohibits the use ofUL-certifiedcables (that have the “UL” shown on the code) for any other electrical devices than products designated by CISCO. The use of cables that are certified by Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Law (that have “PSE” shown on the code) is not limited toCISCO-designatedproducts.Statement 371.

Connecting to AC Power

If your router uses AC power, connect it to a 15 A, 120 VAC (10 A, 240 VAC) circuit with overcurrent protection.

Note The input voltage tolerance limits for AC power are 90 and 264 VAC.

Note This product requires surge protection to be provided as part of the building installation. To comply with the TelcordiaGR-1089NEBS standard for electromagnetic compatibility and safety, an external surge protective device (SPD) is required at the AC power service equipment.

Warning AC connected units must have a permanent ground connection in addition to the power cable ground wire.NEBS-compliantgrounding satisfies this requirement.Statement 284

Warning This product requiresshort-circuit(overcurrent) protection, to be provided as part of the building installation. Install only in accordance with national and local wiring regulations.Statement 1045

Warning This product relies on the building’s installation forshort-circuit(overcurrent) protection. Ensure that the protective device is rated not greater than:

15A, 120VAC (16A, 240VAC). Statement 1005

 

 

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Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem

Connecting to a Console Terminal or Modem

The router has asynchronous serial ports and auxiliary ports. These ports provide administrative access to the router either locally (with a console terminal or a PC) or remotely (with a modem).To configure the router through the Cisco IOS CLI, you must establish a connection between the router console port and either a terminal or a PC.

Use the following cables and adapters to establish a local or remote connection.

Table 3-1

Local and Remote Connections

 

 

 

 

 

Port Type

 

Cable

Section

 

 

 

 

Serial (RJ-45)

 

EIA RJ-45

Connecting to the Serial Port with

 

 

 

Microsoft Windows

Serial (USB)

 

USB 5-pinmini USBType-B-to-USB

 

 

 

 

Type-A

 

 

 

 

Auxiliary (Modem)

DB-9-to-DB-25

Connecting to the Auxiliary Port

 

 

 

 

Connecting to the Serial Port with Microsoft Windows

Note Install the USB device driver before establishing a physical connection between the router and the PC using the USB Console cable plugged into the USB serial port, otherwise the connection will fail. See the“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver” section on page 3-16.

Step 1 Connect the end of the console cable with theRJ-45connector to the light blue console port on the router.

or

Connect a USB 5-pinmini USBType-Bto the USB console port as shown inFigure 3-8.If you are using the USB serial port for the first time on aWindows-basedPC, install the USB driver now according to the instructions in the following sections.

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP USB Driver” section on page 3-17

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows 2000 USB Driver” section on page 3-17

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver” section on page 3-17

Note You cannot use the USB port and the EIA port concurrently. See“Connecting to the Auxiliary Port” section on page 3-19.When the USB port is used it takes priority over theRJ-45EIA port.

Step 2 Connect the end of the cable with theDB-9connector (or USBType-A)to the terminal or PC. If your terminal or PC has a console port that does not accommodate aDB-9connector, you must provide an appropriate adapter for that port.

Step 3 To communicate with the router, start a terminal emulator application. This software should be configured with the following parameters:

9600 baud

8 data bits

 

 

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no parity

1 stop bit

no flow control

Figure 3-8Connecting the USB Console Cable to the Cisco ISR4451-X

1

EN

AUX

3

302959

1

USB 5-pinmini USBType-Bconsole port

2

USB 5-pinmini USBType-Bto USBType-A

 

 

 

console cable

 

 

 

 

3

USB Type-A

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecting to the Console Port with Mac OS X

This procedure describes how to connect a Mac OS X system USB port to the console using the built in OS X Terminal utility.

 

 

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Step 1

Use the Finder to go to Applications> Utilities> Terminal.

Step 2

Connect the OS X USB port to the router.

Step 3

Enter the following commands to find the OS X USB port number

 

macbook:user$

cd /dev

 

 

 

macbook:user$

ls -ltr /dev/*usb*

 

 

crw-rw-rw-1

root

wheel

9, 66 Apr 1 16:46 tty.usbmodem1a21

DT-macbook:devuser$

Step 4 Connect to the USB port with the following command followed by the router USB port speed

macbook:user$ screen /dev/tty.usbmodem1a21 9600

To disconnect the OS X USB console from the Terminal window

Enter Ctrl-a followed byCtrl-\

Connecting to the Console Port with Linux

This procedure shows how to connect a Linux system USB port to the console using the built in Linux Terminal utility.

Step 1

Open the Linux Terminal window.

 

Step 2

Connect the Linux USB port to the router.

Step 3

Enter the following commands to find the Linux USB port number

 

root@usb-suse#cd /dev

 

 

 

root@usb-suse

/dev# ls -ltr*ACM*

 

 

crw-r--r--

1 root

root

188, 0 Jan 14 18:02 ttyACM0

 

root@usb-suse

/dev#

 

 

Step 4 Connect to the USB port with the following command followed by the router USB port speed

root@usb-suse /dev# screen /dev/ttyACM0 9600

To disconnect the Linux USB console from the Terminal window

Enter Ctrl-a followed by: thenquit

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver

A USB device driver must be installed the first time a Microsoft Windows-basedPC is connected to the USB serial port on the router.

This section contains the following topics:

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP USB Driver”

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows 2000 USB Driver”

“Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver”

 

 

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Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Device Driver

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP USB Driver

This procedure shows how to install the Microsoft Windows XP USB driver.

Before you begin, download the appropriate driver for your router model from the Cisco Software Download site, USB Console Software category: http://www.cisco.com/cisco/software/navigator.html?mode=prod

Step 1 Unzip the file Cisco_usbconsole_driver_X_X.zip (where X is a revision number).

Step 2 If using32-bitWindows XPdouble-clickthe file setup.exe from the Windows_32 folder, or if using64-bitWindows XPdouble-clickthe file setup(x64).exe from the Windows_64 folder.

Step 3 The Cisco Virtual Com InstallShield Wizard begins. ClickNext.

Step 4 The Ready to Install the Program window appears, ClickInstall.

Step 5 The InstallShield Wizard Completed window appears. ClickFinish.

Step 6 Connect the USB cable to the PC and router USB console ports. SeeTable 3-1.The EN LED for the USB console port turns green, and within a few moments the Found New Hardware Wizard appears. Following the instructions to complete the installation of the driver.

Step 7 The USB console is ready for use.

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows 2000 USB Driver

This procedure shows how to install the Microsoft Windows 2000 USB driver.

Step 1 Obtain the file Cisco_usbconsole_driver.zip from the Cisco.com web site and unzip it.

Step 2 Double-clickthe file setup.exe.

Step 3 The Cisco Virtual Com InstallShield Wizard begins. ClickNext.

Step 4 The Ready to Install the Program window appears, ClickInstall.

Step 5 The InstallShield Wizard Completed window appears. ClickFinish.

Step 6 Connect the USB cable to the PC and router USB console ports. SeeTable 3-1.The EN LED for the USB console port turns green, and within a few moments a series of Found New Hardware Wizard windows appear. Following the instructions to complete the installation of the driver.

Step 7 The USB console is ready for use.

Installing the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver

This procedure shows how to install the Microsoft Windows Vista USB driver.

Step 1 Obtain the file Cisco_usbconsole_driver.zip from the Cisco.com web site and unzip it.

Step 2 If using32-bitWindows Vistadouble-clickthe file setup.exe from the Windows_32 folder, or if using64-bitWindows Vistadouble-clickthe file setup(x64).exe from the Windows_64 folder.

 

 

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Step 3 The Cisco Virtual Com InstallShield Wizard begins. ClickNext.

Step 4 The Ready to Install the Program window appears, ClickInstall.

Note If a User Account Control warning appears, click “Allow - I trust this program...” to proceed.

Step 5 The InstallShield Wizard Completed window appears. ClickFinish.

Step 6 Connect the USB cable to the PC and router USB console ports. SeeTable 3-1.The EN LED for the USB console port turns green, and within a few moments a pop up window stating “Installing device driver software” appears. Following the instructions to complete the installation of the driver.

Step 7 The USB console is ready for use.

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB Driver

This section provides instructions for how to uninstall the Cisco Microsoft Windows USB device driver.

“Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP and 2000 USB Driver”

“Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver”

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows XP and 2000 USB Driver

This procedure shows you how to uninstall both the Microsoft Windows XP and 2000 USB driver. The driver can be removed using the Windows Add Remove Programs utility or the setup.exe program.

Using the Add Remove Programs utility

Note Disconnect the router console terminal before uninstalling the driver.

Step 1 Click Start> Control Panel> Add or RemovePrograms.

Step 2 Scroll to Cisco Virtual Com and clickRemove.

Step 3 When the Program Maintenance window appears, select theRemove radio button. ClickNext.

Using the Setup.exe program

Note Disconnect the router console terminal before uninstalling the driver.

Step 1 Run the setup.exe for Windows32-bitor setup(x64).exe forWindows-64bit.ClickNext.

Step 2 The InstallShield Wizard for Cisco Virtual Com appears. ClickNext.

Step 3 When the Program Maintenance window appears, select theRemove radio button. ClickNext.

Step 4 When the Remove the Program window appears, clickRemove.

 

 

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Step 5 When the InstallShield Wizard Completed window appears clickFinish.

Uninstalling the Cisco Microsoft Windows Vista USB Driver

This procedure shows you how to uninstall the Microsoft Windows Vista USB driver.

Note Disconnect the router console terminal before uninstalling the driver.

Step 1 Run the setup.exe for Windows32-bitor setup(x64).exe forWindows-64bit.ClickNext.

Step 2 The InstallShield Wizard for Cisco Virtual Com appears. ClickNext.

Step 3 When the Program Maintenance window appears, select theRemove radio button. ClickNext.

Step 4 When the Remove the Program window appears, clickRemove.

Note If a User Account Control warning appears, click “Allow - I trust this program...” to proceed.

Step 5 When the InstallShield Wizard Completed window appears clickFinish.

Connecting to the Auxiliary Port

When a modem is connected to the auxiliary port, a remote user can dial in to the router and configure it. Use the light blue console cable and the DB-9-to-DB-25connector adapter that came in the router accessory kit.

To connect a modem to the router, follow these steps:

Step 1 Connect theRJ-45end of the adapter cable to the black AUX port on the router. (SeeFigure 3-9.)

1

RJ-45AUX port

3

RJ-45toDB-9

 

 

 

 

2

DB-9toDB-25adapter

4

Modem

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Figure 3-9Connecting a Modem to the Cisco ISR4451-X

AUX

1

EN

AUX

CONSOLE

CONSOLE

1

302958

 

2

3

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

1

RJ-45AUX port

 

3

RJ-45toDB-9

 

 

 

 

 

2

DB-9toDB-25adapter

 

4

Modem

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2 Connect theDB-9end of the console cable to theDB-9end of the modem adapter.

Step 3 Connect theDB-25end of the modem adapter to the modem.

Step 4 Make sure that your modem and the router auxiliary port are configured for the same transmission speed (up to 115200 bps is supported) and for mode control with data carrier detect (DCD) and data terminal ready (DTR) operations.

Connecting WAN, LAN, and Voice Interfaces

This section describes how to connect WAN, LAN, and voice interface cables. It covers the following topics:

Ports and Cabling, page 3-22

Connection Procedures and Precautions, page 3-22

Warning Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.

Statement 1001

 

 

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Warning To avoid electric shock, do not connect safetyextra-lowvoltage (SELV) circuits totelephone-networkvoltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both useRJ-45connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.Statement 1021

Warning Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the unit is OFF or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables, detach the end away from the unit first.Statement 1026

Caution To comply with the TelcordiaGR-1089NEBS standard for electromagnetic compatibility and safety, connect Gigabit Ethernet ports usingRJ-45connectors for shielded twisted pair cable only tointra-buildingor unexposed wiring or cable. Theintra-buildingcable must be shielded and the shield must be grounded at both ends. Theintra-buildingport(s) of the equipment or subassembly must not be metallically connected to interfaces that connect to the OSP or its wiring. These interfaces are designed for use asintra-buildinginterfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described inGR-1089-CORE,Issue 4) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. The addition of Primary Protectors is not sufficient protection in order to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring.

Warning Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.Statement 1036

Warning Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.Statement 1037

Warning Class 1 laser product.Statement 1008

 

 

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Ports and Cabling

Table 3-2 summarizes typical WAN, LAN, and voice connections for Cisco ISR4451-Xs.The connections summarized here are also described in detail in the document on Cisco.com:Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications

Table 3-2

WAN, LAN, and Voice Connections

 

 

 

 

 

Port or Connection

Port Type, Color1

Connection:

Cable

Ethernet

 

RJ-45,yellow

Ethernet hub or Ethernet switch

Category 5 or higher Ethernet

 

 

 

 

 

T1/E1 WAN

 

RJ-48C/CA81A

T1 or E1 network

RJ-48T1/E1

xCE1T1-PRI

 

RJ-48S,tan

External T1 CSU or other

RJ-48StoRJ-48STE

 

 

 

T1 equipment

RJ-48StoRJ-48SNT

 

 

 

 

RJ-48StoRJ-48ST1

 

 

 

 

RJ-48Sto bare

 

 

 

 

RJ-48Sto BNC

 

 

 

 

RJ-48Sto twinaxial cable

 

 

 

 

RJ-48StoDB-15

 

 

 

 

RJ-48StoDB-15null

 

 

 

 

T3/DS3/E3 WAN

BNC connector

T3 network, CSU/DSU, or other

75-ohmcoaxial cable

 

 

 

T3/DS3 equipment

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cisco serial

 

60-pinD-sub,blue

CSU/DSU and serial network or

Cisco serial transition cable that

 

 

 

equipment

matches the signaling protocol

 

 

 

 

(EIA/TIA-232,EIA/TIA-449,V.35,

Cisco Smart serial

Cisco Smart compact

CSU/DSU and serial network or

X.21, or EIA-530)

 

 

connector, blue

equipment

 

 

and the serial port operating mode

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(DTE or DCE).2

T1/E1 digital voice

RJ-48C/CA81A,tan

Digital PBX, ISDN network,

RJ-48T1/E1

 

 

 

CSU/DSU

 

 

 

 

 

Gigabit Ethernet SFP,

LC, color according

1000BASE-SX,-LX,-LH,-ZX,

Optical fiber as specified on applicable

optical

 

to optical wavelength

-CWDM

data sheet

 

 

 

 

Gigabit Ethernet SFP,

RJ-45

1000BASE-T

Category 5, 5e, 6 UTP

copper

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.Cable color codes are specific to Cisco cables.

2.See the Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications document for information about choosing these cables.

Connection Procedures and Precautions

Connect each WAN, LAN, and voice cable to the appropriate connector on the chassis or on a network module or interface card.

 

 

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Position the cables carefully, so that they do not put strain on the connectors.

Organize cables in bundles so that cables do not intertwine.

Inspect the cables to make sure that the routing and bend radius is satisfactory. Reposition cables, if necessary.

Install cable ties in accordance with site requirements.

For cable pinouts, see Cisco Modular Access Router Cable Specifications.

 

 

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C H A P T E R 4

Initial Configuration

This chapter describes how to perform the initial configuration on the router after you have installed and connected it. It contains the following sections:

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router, page 4-1

Using Cisco Setup Command Facility, page 4-1

Using Cisco IOS-XE CLI—Manual Configuration, page 4-5

Verifying the Initial Configuration, page 4-23

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

You can perform initial configuration on the router with the help of the following tools:

Using Cisco Setup Command Facility

Using Cisco IOS-XE CLI—Manual Configuration

Using Cisco Setup Command Facility

The setup command facility prompts you to enter the information that is needed to configure a router quickly. The facility steps you through a initial configuration, including LAN and WAN interfaces. For more general information about the setup command facility, see the following document:

Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Configuration Guide, Release 12.4, Part 2: Cisco IOS User Interfaces:Using AutoInstall and Setup: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/fundamentals/configuration/guide/12_4/cf_12_4_book.html

This section explains how to configure a hostname for the router, set passwords, and configure an interface tocommunicate with the management network.

Note The messages that are displayed will vary based on your router model, the installed interface modules, and the software image. The following example and the user entries (inbold) are shown as examples only.

Note If you make a mistake while using the setup command facility, you can exit and run the setup command facility again. PressCtrl-C,and enter thesetup command in privileged EXEC mode (Router#).

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

 

Step 1

From the Cisco IOS-XECLI, enter thesetup command in privileged EXEC mode:

 

 

 

 

Router> enable

 

 

 

 

Password: <password>

 

 

 

 

Router# setup

 

 

 

 

 

---System Configuration Dialog---

 

 

 

 

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]:

 

 

 

 

You are now in the Setup Configuration Utility.

 

 

 

 

The prompts in the setup command facility vary; depending on your router model, on the installed

 

 

 

 

interface modules, and on the software image. The following steps and the user entries (in bold) are

 

 

 

 

shown as examples only.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

 

This setup command facility is also entered automatically if there is no configuration on the

 

 

 

 

 

router when it is booted into Cisco IOS-XE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note

 

If you make a mistake while using the setup command facility, you can exit and run the setup

 

 

 

 

 

command facility again. Press Ctrl-C,and enter thesetup command at the privileged EXEC

 

 

 

 

 

mode prompt (Router#). For more information on using the setup command facility, see The

 

 

 

 

 

Setup Command chapter in Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals Command Reference,

 

 

 

 

 

Release 12.2T, at the following URL:

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2t/fun/command/reference/122tfr.html

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2

To proceed using the setup command facility, enter yes.

 

 

 

 

Continue with configuration dialog? [yes/no]:

 

 

 

 

At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.

 

 

 

 

Use ctrl-cto abort configuration dialog at any prompt.

 

 

 

 

Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.

 

Step 3

Basic management setup configures only enough connectivity

 

 

Would you like to enter basic management setup? [yes/no]: yes

 

Step 4

Enter a hostname for the router (this example uses myrouter):

 

 

Configuring global parameters:

 

 

Enter host name [Router]: myrouter

 

Step 5

Enter an enable secret password. This password is encrypted (for more security) and cannot be seen

 

 

when viewing the configuration.

 

 

The enable secret is a password used to protect access to

 

 

privileged EXEC and configuration modes. This password, after

 

 

entered, becomes encrypted in the configuration.

 

 

Enter enable secret: cisco

 

Step 6

Enter an enable password that is different from the enable secret password. This password is not

 

 

encrypted (and is less secure) and can be seen when viewing the configuration.

 

 

The enable password is used when you do not specify an

 

 

enable secret password, with some older software versions, and

 

 

some boot images.

 

 

Enter enable password: cisco123

 

 

 

 

 

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Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

Step 7 Enter the virtual terminal password, which prevents unauthenticated access to the router through ports other than the console port:

The virtual terminal password is used to protect

access to the router over a network interface. Enter virtual terminal password: cisco

Step 8 Respond to the following prompts as appropriate for your network:

Configure SNMP Network Management? [no]: yes

Community string [public]:

A summary of the available interfaces is displayed.

Note The interface summary includes interface numbering, which is dependent on the router model and the installed modules and interface cards.

Current interface summary

 

 

 

 

Interface

IP-Address

OK? Method Status

Protocol

GigabitEthernet0/0/0 unassigned

 

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

GigabitEthernet0/1/0 10.10.10.12

 

YES DHCP

up

up

GigabitEthernet0/2/0 unassigned

 

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

SSLVPN-VIF0

unassigned

NO

unset

up

Any interface listed with OK? value "NO" does not have a valid configuration

Step 9 Respond to the following prompts as appropriate for your network:

Configuring interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0:

Configure IP on this interface? [yes]: yes

IP address for this interface [10.10.10.12]:

Subnet mask for this interface [255.0.0.0] : 255.255.255.0

Class A network is 10.0.0.0, 24 subnet bits; mask is /24

The following configuration command script was created:

hostname myrouter

enable secret 5 $1$t/Dj$yAeGKviLLZNOBX0b9eifO0 enable password cisco123 line vty 0 4 password cisco snmp-servercommunity public !

no ip routing

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 shutdown

no ip address

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/1/0 no shutdown

ip address 10.10.10.12 255.255.255.0

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/2/0 shutdown

no ip address

!

end

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

Step 10 Respond to the following prompts. Select [2] to save the initial configuration:

[0]Go to the IOS command prompt without saving this config.

[1]Return back to the setup without saving this config.

[2]Save this configuration to nvram and exit.

Enter your selection [2]: 2

Building configuration...

Use the enabled mode 'configure' command to modify this configuration.

Press RETURN to get started! RETURN

The user prompt is displayed:

myrouter>

Completing the Configuration

When using the Cisco Setup, and after you have provided all the information requested by the facility, the final configuration appears. To complete your router configuration, follow these steps:

Step 1 The facility prompts you to save the configuration.

If you answer no, the configuration information you entered is not saved, and you return to the router enable prompt (Router#). Entersetup to return to the System Configuration Dialog.

If you answer yes, the configuration is saved, and you are returned to the user EXEC prompt (Router>).

Use this configuration? {yes/no} : yes

Building configuration...

Use the enabled mode 'configure' command to modify this configuration.

Press RETURN to get started!

%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Ethernet0/0, changed state to up%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Ethernet0/1, changed state to up%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial0/0/0, changed state to up%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial0/0/1, changed state to down%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial0/2, changed state to down%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial1/0, changed state to up%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial1/1, changed state to down%LINK-3-UPDOWN:Interface Serial1/2, changed state to down

<Additional messages omitted.>

Step 2 When the messages stop appearing on your screen, pressReturn to get theRouter> prompt.

Step 3 TheRouter> prompt indicates that you are now at thecommand-lineinterface (CLI) and you have just completed a initial router configuration. Nevertheless, this isnot a complete configuration. At this point, you have two choices:

Run the setup command facility again, and create another configuration.

Router> enable

Password: password

Router# setup

Modify the existing configuration or configure additional features by using the CLI:

Router> enable

Password: password

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

Router# configure terminal

Router(config)#

Using Cisco IOS-XECLI—ManualConfiguration

This section shows you how to access the command-lineinterface (CLI) to perform the initial configuration on the router.

If the system configuration dialog message does not appear, a default configuration file was installed on the router prior to shipping. Follow these steps to configure the router.

Step 1 Enter the following answer when the system message appears on the router.

---System Configuration Dialog---

At any point you may enter a question mark '?' for help.

Use ctrl-cto abort configuration dialog at any prompt.

Default settings are in square brackets '[]'.

Would you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no

Step 2 PressReturn to terminate autoinstall and continue with manual configuration:

Would you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes] Return

Several messages are displayed, ending with a line similar to the following:

...

Copyright (c) 1986-2012by cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled <date> <time> by <person>

Step 3 PressReturn to bring up theRouter> prompt.

...

flashfs[4]: Initialization complete. Router>

Step 4 Typeenable to enter privileged EXEC mode:

Router> enable

Router#

Configuring the Router Hostname, page 4-6 (Optional)

Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords, page 4-7 (Required)

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout, page 4-8 (Optional)

Gigabit Ethernet Management Interface Overview, page 4-9 (Required)

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort, page 4-12 (Required)

Configuring IP Routing and IP Protocols, page 4-12 (Required)

Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access, page 4-16 (Required)

Configuring the Auxiliary Line, page 4-17 (Optional)

Verifying Network Connectivity, page 4-19 (Required)

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Performing the Initial Configuration on the Router

Saving Your Router Configuration, page 4-20 (Required)

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image, page 4-20 (Optional)

Configuring the Router Hostname

The hostname is used in CLI prompts and default configuration filenames. If you do not configure the router hostname, the router uses the factory-assigneddefault hostname “Router.”

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.hostname name

4.Verify that the router prompt displays your new hostname.

5.end

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

Step 3

 

 

hostname name

Specifies or modifies the hostname for the network server.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# hostname myrouter

 

Step 4

 

 

Verify that the router prompt displays your new

 

hostname.

 

 

Example:

 

 

myrouter(config)#

 

Step 5

 

 

end

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

myrouter# end

 

 

 

 

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Configuring the Enable and Enable Secret Passwords

To provide an additional layer of security, particularly for passwords that cross the network or are stored on a TFTP server, you can use either the enable password command orenable secret command. Both commands accomplish the samething—theyallow you to establish an encrypted password that users must enter to access privileged EXEC (enable) mode.

We recommend that you use the enable secret command because it uses an improved encryption algorithm. Use theenable password command only if you boot an older image of the Cisco IOS XE software.

For more information, see the “Configuring Passwords and Privileges” chapter in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide. Also see theCisco IOS Password Encryption Facts tech note and theImproving Security on Cisco Routers tech note.

Restrictions

If you configure the enable secret command, it takes precedence over theenable password command; the two commands cannot be in effect simultaneously.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.enable password password

4.enable secret password

5.end

6.enable

7.end

DETAILED STEPS

 

 

Command or Action

 

Purpose

 

Step 1

 

 

 

 

enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

 

Example:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Router> enable

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 2

 

 

 

 

configure terminal

 

Enters global configuration mode.

 

 

Example:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 3

 

 

 

 

enable password password

 

(Optional) Sets a local password to control access to various

 

 

 

 

privilege levels.

 

 

Example:

 

We recommend that you perform this step only if you

 

 

Router(config)# enable password pswd2

 

boot an older image of the Cisco IOS-XEsoftware or if

 

 

 

 

you boot older boot ROMs that do not recognize the

 

 

 

 

enable secret command.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Command or Action

Purpose

Step 4

 

 

enable secret password

Specifies an additional layer of security over the enable

 

 

password command.

 

Example:

Do not use the same password that you entered in

 

Router(config)# enable secret greentree

Step 3.

Step 5

 

 

end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# end

 

Step 6

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Verify that your new enable or enable secret password

 

Example:

works.

 

Router> enable

 

Step 7

 

 

end

(Optional) Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# end

 

 

 

 

Configuring the Console Idle Privileged EXEC Timeout

This section describes how to configure the console line’s idle privileged EXEC timeout. By default, the privileged EXEC command interpreter waits 10 minutes to detect user input before timing out.

When you configure the console line, you can also set communication parameters, specify autobaud connections, and configure terminal operating parameters for the terminal that you are using. For more information on configuring the console line, see the Cisco IOS Configuration Fundamentals and Network Management Configuration Guide. In particular, see the “Configuring Operating Characteristics for Terminals” and “Troubleshooting and Fault Management” chapters.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.line console 0

4.exec-timeout minutes[seconds]

5.end

6.show running-config

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DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

Step 3

 

 

line console 0

Configures the console line and starts the line configuration

 

 

command collection mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# line console 0

 

Step 4

 

 

exec-timeout minutes[seconds]

Sets the idle privileged EXEC timeout, which is the interval

 

 

that the privileged EXEC command interpreter waits until

 

Example:

user input is detected.

 

 

 

Router(config-line)#exec-timeout0 0

The example shows how to specify no timeout. Setting

 

 

the exec-timeoutvalue to 0 will cause the router to

 

 

never log out once logged in. This could have security

 

 

implications if you leave the console without manually

 

 

logging out using the disable command.

Step 5

 

 

end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# end

 

Step 6

 

 

show running-config

Displays the running configuration file.

 

 

Verify that you properly configured the idle privileged

 

Example:

EXEC timeout.

 

Router(config)# show running-config

 

 

 

 

Examples

The following example shows how to set the console idle privileged EXEC timeout to 2 minutes 30 seconds:

line console exec-timeout2 30

The following example shows how to set the console idle privileged EXEC timeout to 30 seconds:

line console exec-timeout0 30

Gigabit Ethernet Management Interface Overview

The router provides an Ethernet management port, named GigabitEthernet0.

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The purpose of this interface is to allow users to perform management tasks on the router; it is an interface that should not and often cannot forward network traffic but can be used to access the router via Telnet and SSH to perform management tasks on the router. The interface is most useful before a router has begun routing, or in troubleshooting scenarios when other forwarding interfaces are inactive.

The following aspects of the management ethernet interface should be noted:

The router has one management ethernet interface named GigabitEthernet0.

IPv4, IPv6, and ARP are the only routed protocols supported for the interface.

The interface provides a way to access to the router even if forwarding interfaces are not functional, or the IOS process is down.

The management ethernet interface is part of its own VRF. See the “Management Ethernet Interface VRF” section in the Software Configuration Guide for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Routers for more details.

Default Gigabit Ethernet Configuration

By default, a forwarding VRF is configured for the interface with a special group named “Mgmt-intf.”This cannot be changed. This isolates the traffic on the management interface away from the forwarding plane. Otherwise, the interface can be configured like other Gigabit Ethernet interfaces for most functions.

For example, the default configuration is as follows:

interface GigabitEthernet0 vrf forwarding Mgmt-intf

ip address 172.18.77.212 255.255.255.240

negotiation auto

Gigabit Ethernet Port Numbering

The Gigabit Ethernet Management port is always GigabitEthernet0.

The port can be accessed in configuration mode.

Router# config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Router(config)#interface gigabitethernet0

Router(config-if)#

Configuring Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces

This sections shows how to assign an IP address and interface description to an Ethernet interface on your router.

For comprehensive configuration information on Gigabit Ethernet interfaces, see the “Configuring LAN Interfaces” chapter of the Cisco IOS Interface and Hardware Component Configuration Guide,http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2/interface/configuration/guide/icflanin.html

For information on interface numbering, see the software configuration guide for your router.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.show ip interface brief

3.configure terminal

 

 

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4.interface {fastethernet| gigabitethernet} 0/0/port

5.description string

6.ip address ip-addressmask

7.no shutdown

8.end

9.show ip interface brief

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router> enable

 

 

Step 2

 

 

show ip interface brief

Displays a brief status of the interfaces that are configured

 

 

for IP.

 

Example:

Learn which type of Ethernet interface is on your

 

Router# show ip interface brief

 

router.

Step 3

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

 

Step 4

 

 

interface {fastethernet| gigabitethernet}

Specifies the Ethernet interface and enters interface

 

0/port

configuration mode.

 

Example:

Note

For information on interface numbering, see About

 

 

Slot, Subslot (Bay), and Port Numbering,

 

Router(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0/0

 

page 1-17.

Step 5

 

 

description string

(Optional) Adds a description to an interface configuration.

 

 

The description helps you remember what is attached to

 

Example:

 

this interface. The description can be useful for

 

Router(config-if)#description GE int to 2nd

 

troubleshooting.

 

floor south wing

 

 

Step 6

 

 

ip address ip-addressmask

Sets a primary IP address for an interface.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router(config-if)#ip address 172.16.74.3

 

 

 

255.255.255.0

 

 

Step 7

 

 

no shutdown

Enables an interface.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router(config-if)#no shutdown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Command or Action

Purpose

Step 8

 

 

end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# end

 

Step 9

 

 

show ip interface brief

Displays a brief status of the interfaces that are configured

 

 

for IP.

 

Example:

Verify that the Ethernet interfaces are up and

 

Router# show ip interface brief

configured correctly.

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

Configuring the GigabitEthernet Interface: Example

!

interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 description GE int to HR group

ip address 172.16.3.3 255.255.255.0 duplex auto

speed auto no shutdown

!

Sample Output for the show ip interface brief Command

Router#show ip interface brief

 

 

 

Interface

IP-Address

OK? Method

Status

Protocol

GigabitEthernet0/0/0

unassigned

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

GigabitEthernet0/0/1

unassigned

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

GigabitEthernet0/0/2

unassigned

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

GigabitEthernet0/0/3

unassigned

YES NVRAM

administratively down down

GigabitEthernet0

10.0.0.1

YES manual

up

up

Specifying a Default Route or Gateway of Last Resort

This section describes how to specify a default route with IP routing enabled. For alternative methods of specifying a default route, see the Configuring a Gateway of Last Resort Using IP Commands tech note.

The Cisco IOS-XEsoftware uses the gateway (router) of last resort if it does not have a better route for a packet and if the destination is not a connected network. This section describes how to select a network as a default route (a candidate route for computing the gateway of last resort). The way in which routing protocols propagate the default route information varies for each protocol.

Configuring IP Routing and IP Protocols

For comprehensive configuration information about IP routing and IP routing protocols, see the

Configuring IP Routing Protocol-Independent Feature on Cisco.com.

 

 

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IP Routing

You can configure integrated routing and bridging (IRB) so the router can route and bridge simultaneously. The router will act as an IP host on the network whether routing is enabled or not. To read more about IRB see the following URL on Cisco.com, http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk389/tk815/tk855/tsd_technology_support_sub-protocol_home.html

IP routing is automatically enabled in the Cisco ISOXE software. When IP routing is configured, the system will use a configured or learned route to forward packets, including a configured default route.

Note This task section does not apply when IP routing is disabled. To specify a default route when IP routing is disabled, refer to theConfiguring a Gateway of Last Resort Using IP Commands tech note on Cisco.com.

Default Routes

A router might not be able to determine the routes to all other networks. To provide complete routing capability, the common practice is to use some routers as smart routers and give the remaining routers default routes to the smart router. (Smart routers have routing table information for the entire internetwork.) These default routes can be passed along dynamically, or can be configured into the individual routers.

Most dynamic interior routing protocols include a mechanism for causing a smart router to generate dynamic default information that is then passed along to other routers.

Default Network

If a router has an interface that is directly connected to the specified default network, the dynamic routing protocols running on the router will generate or source a default route. In the case of RIP, the router will advertise the pseudonetwork 0.0.0.0. In the case of IGRP, the network itself is advertised and flagged as an exterior route.

A router that is generating the default for a network also may need a default of its own. One way a router can generate its own default is to specify a static route to the network 0.0.0.0 through the appropriate device.

Gateway of Last Resort

When default information is being passed along through a dynamic routing protocol, no further configuration is required. The system periodically scans its routing table to choose the optimal default network as its default route. In the case of RIP, there is only one choice, network 0.0.0.0. In the case of IGRP, there might be several networks that can be candidates for the system default. The Cisco IOS-XEsoftware uses both administrative distance and metric information to determine the default route (gateway of last resort). The selected default route appears in the gateway of last resort display of theshow ip route EXEC command.

If dynamic default information is not being passed to the software, candidates for the default route are specified with the ip default-network global configuration command. In this usage, theip default-network command takes an unconnected network as an argument. If this network appears in the routing table from any source (dynamic or static), it is flagged as a candidate default route and is a possible choice as the default route.

 

 

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If the router has no interface on the default network, but does have a route to it, it considers this network as a candidate default path. The route candidates are examined and the best one is chosen, based on administrative distance and metric. The gateway to the best default path becomes the gateway of last resort.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.ip routing

4.ip route dest-prefixmasknext-hop-ip-address[admin-distance] [permanent]

5.ip default-networknetwork-number or

ip route dest-prefixmasknext-hop-ip-address

6.end

7.show ip route

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

 

enable

 

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router> enable

 

 

Step 2

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

Step 3

 

 

 

ip routing

 

Enables IP routing.

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router(config)# ip routing

 

Step 4

 

 

ip route dest-prefixmasknext-hop-ip-address

Establishes a static route.

 

[admin-distance] [permanent]

 

 

Example:

 

 

 

Router(config)# ip route 192.168.24.0

 

 

255.255.255.0

172.28.99.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Command or Action

Purpose

Step 5

 

 

ip default-networknetwork-number

Selects a network as a candidate route for computing the

 

or

gateway of last resort.

 

ip route dest-prefixmasknext-hop-ip-address

Creates a static route to network 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 for

 

 

 

Example:

computing the gateway of last resort.

 

 

 

Router(config)# ip default-network192.168.24.0

 

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0

 

 

172.28.99.1

 

Step 6

 

 

end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# end

 

Step 7

 

 

show ip route

Displays the current routing table information.

 

 

Verify that the gateway of last resort is set.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# show ip route

 

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

 

 

Specifying a Default Route: Example

 

 

!

 

 

ip routing

 

 

!

 

 

ip route 192.168.24.0 255.255.255.0 172.28.99.2

 

!

 

 

ip default-network192.168.24.0

 

 

!

 

 

Sample Output for the show ip route Command

 

 

Router# show ip route

 

 

Codes: L - local, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP

 

D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area

 

N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2

 

E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2 i - IS-IS,su -IS-IS

 

summary, L1 - IS-ISlevel-1,L2 -IS-ISlevel-2ia -IS-ISinter area, * -

 

candidate default,

 

 

U - per-userstatic route o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route, H - NHRP,

 

l - LISP a - application route + - replicated route, % - next hop override

 

Gateway of last resort is not set 40.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks C

 

40.0.0.0/24 is directly connected, Loopback1 L 40.0.0.1/32 is directly connected,

 

Loopback1 Router#

 

 

 

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Configuring Virtual Terminal Lines for Remote Console Access

Virtual terminal (vty) lines are used to allow remote access to the router. This section shows you how to configure the virtual terminal lines with a password, so that only authorized users can remotely access the router.

The router has five virtual terminal lines by default. However, you can create additional virtual terminal lines. See the Cisco IOS XE Dial Technologies Configuration Guide at http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/dial/configuration/guide/2_xe/dia_2_xe_book.html.

Line passwords and password encryption is described in the Cisco IOS XE Security Configuration Guide: Secure Connectivity at the following URL:http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/ios_xe/sec_secure_connectivity/configuration/guide/2_xe/sec_se cure_connectivity_xe_book.html. See theSecurity with Passwords, Privilege Levels, and Login Usernames for CLI Sessions on Networking Devices section. If you want to secure the vty lines with an access list, see theAccess Control Lists: Overview and Guidelines.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.line vty line-number[ending-line-number]

4.password password

5.login

6.end

7.show running-config

8.From another network device, attempt to open a Telnet session to the router.

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

Step 3

 

 

line vty line-number[ending-line-number]

Starts the line configuration command collection mode for

 

 

the virtual terminal lines (vty) for remote console access.

 

Example:

Make sure that you configure all vty lines on your

 

Router(config)# line vty 0 4

router.

 

 

Note To verify the number of vty lines on your router, use

 

 

the line vty ? command.

 

 

 

 

 

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Command or Action

Purpose

Step 4

 

 

password password

Specifies a password on a line.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config-line)#passwordguessagain

 

Step 5

 

 

login

Enables password checking at login.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config-line)#login

 

Step 6

 

 

end

Returns to privileged EXEC mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config-line)#end

 

Step 7

 

 

show running-config

Displays the running configuration file.

 

 

Verify that you properly configured the virtual terminal

 

Example:

lines for remote access.

 

Router# show running-config

 

Step 8

 

 

From another network device, attempt to open a Telnet

Verifies that you can remotely access the router and that the

 

session to the router.

virtual terminal line password is correctly configured.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# 172.16.74.3

 

 

Password:

 

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

The following example shows how to configure virtual terminal lines with a password:

!

line vty 0 4

password guessagain login

!

What to Do Next

After you configure the vty lines, follow these steps:

(Optional) To encrypt the virtual terminal line password, see the “Configuring Passwords and Privileges” chapter in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide. Also see theCisco IOS Password Encryption Facts tech note.

(Optional) To secure the VTY lines with an access list, see the “Part 3: Traffic Filtering and Firewalls” in the Cisco IOS Security Configuration Guide.

Configuring the Auxiliary Line

This section describes how to enter line configuration mode for the auxiliary line. How you configure the auxiliary line depends on your particular implementation of the auxiliary (AUX) port. See the following documents for information on configuring the auxiliary line:

 

 

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Configuring a Modem on the AUX Port for EXEC Dialin Connectivity, tech note

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk801/tk36/technologies_tech_note09186a0080094bbc.shtml

Configuring Dialout Using a Modem on the AUX Port, sample configuration

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk801/tk36/technologies_configuration_example09186a0080094579

.shtml

Configuring AUX-to-AUXPort Async Backup with Dialer Watch, sample configuration

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk801/tk36/technologies_configuration_example09186a0080093d2b. shtml

Modem-RouterConnection Guide, tech note

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk801/tk36/technologies_tech_note09186a008009428b.shtml

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.configure terminal

3.line aux 0

4.See the tech notes and sample configurations to configure the line for your particular implementation of the AUX port.

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

configure terminal

Enters global configuration mode.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# configure terminal

 

Step 3

 

 

line aux 0

Starts the line configuration command collection mode for

 

 

the auxiliary line.

 

Example:

 

 

Router(config)# line aux 0

 

Step 4

 

 

See the tech notes and sample configurations to

 

configure the line for your particular implementation

 

 

of the AUX port.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Verifying Network Connectivity

Verifying Network Connectivity

This section describes how to verify network connectivity for your router.

Prerequisites

Complete all previous configuration tasks in this document.

The router must be connected to a properly configured network host.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.ping [ip-address| hostname]

3.telnet {ip-address| hostname}

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

ping [ip-address| hostname]

Diagnoses initial network connectivity.

 

 

To verify connectivity, ping the next hop router or

 

Example:

connected host for each configured interface to.

 

Router# ping 172.16.74.5

 

Step 3

 

 

telnet {ip-address| hostname}

Logs in to a host that supports Telnet.

 

 

If you want to test the vty line password, perform this

 

Example:

step from a different network device, and use your

 

Router# telnet 10.20.30.40

router’s IP address.

 

 

 

Examples

The following display shows sample output for the ping command when you ping the IP address 192.168.7.27:

Router# ping

Protocol [ip]:

Target IP address: 192.168.7.27

Repeat count [5]:

Datagram size [100]:

Timeout in seconds [2]:

Extended commands [n]:

Sweep range of sizes [n]:

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byteICMP Echos to 192.168.7.27, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent, round-tripmin/avg/max = 1/2/4 ms

 

 

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Verifying Network Connectivity

The following display shows sample output for the ping command when you ping the IP hostname donald:

Router# ping donald

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byteICMP Echos to 192.168.7.27, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent, round-tripmin/avg/max = 1/3/4 ms

Saving Your Router Configuration

This section describes how to avoid losing your configuration at the next system reload or power cycle by saving the running configuration to the startup configuration in NVRAM. The NVRAM provides 256KB of storage on the router.

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.copy running-configstartup-config

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

copy running-configstartup-config

Saves the running configuration to the startup

 

 

configuration.

 

Example:

 

 

Router# copy running-configstartup-config

 

 

 

 

Saving Backup Copies of Configuration and System Image

To aid file recovery and minimize downtime in case of file corruption, we recommend that you save backup copies of the startup configuration file and the Cisco IOS-XEsoftware system image file on a server.

 

 

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Verifying Network Connectivity

SUMMARY STEPS

1.enable

2.copy nvram:startup-config{ftp:| rcp:| tftp:}

3.show bootflash:

4.copy {bootflash}: {ftp:| rcp:| tftp:}

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

enable

Enables privileged EXEC mode.

 

 

Enter your password if prompted.

 

Example:

 

 

Router> enable

 

Step 2

 

 

copy nvram:startup-config{ftp:| rcp:| tftp:}

Copies the startup configuration file to a server.

 

 

The configuration file copy can serve as a backup copy.

 

Example:

Enter the destination URL when prompted.

 

Router# copy nvram:startup-configftp:

 

 

Step 3

 

 

show {flash0|flash1}:

Displays the layout and contents of a flash memory file

 

 

system.

 

Example:

Learn the name of the system image file.

 

Router# show {flash0|flash1}:

 

Step 4

 

 

copy {flash0|flash1}: {ftp:| rcp:| tftp:}

Copies a file from flash memory to a server.

 

 

Copy the system image file to a server to serve as a

 

Example:

backup copy.

 

Router# copy {flash0|flash1}: ftp:

Enter the filename and destination URL when

 

 

 

 

prompted.

 

 

 

Configuration Examples

Copying the Startup Configuration to a TFTP Server: Example

The following example shows the startup configuration being copied to a TFTP server:

Router# copynvram:startup-configtftp:

Remote host[]? 172.16.101.101

Name of configuration file to write [rtr2-confg]?<cr>

Write file rtr2-confgon host 172.16.101.101?[confirm]<cr> ![OK]

Copying from Flash Memory to a TFTP Server: Example

The following example shows the use of the show {flash0|flash1}: command in privileged EXEC to learn the name of the system image file and the use of thecopy {flash0|flash1}: tftp: privileged EXEC command to copy the system image to a TFTP server. The router uses the default username and password.

Router#Directory of bootflash:

 

 

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Verifying Network Connectivity

11 drwx 16384 Jun 12 2012 17:31:45 +00:00 lost+found 64897 drwx 634880 Sep 6 2012 14:33:26 +00:00 core 340705 drwx 4096 Oct 11 2012 19:28:27 +00:00 .prst_sync 81121 drwx 4096 Jun 12 2012 17:32:39 +00:00 .rollback_timer 12 -rw-0 Jun 12 2012 17:32:50 +00:00 tracelogs.336 713857 drwx 1347584 Oct 11 2012 20:24:26 +00:00 tracelogs 162241 drwx 4096 Jun 12 2012 17:32:51 +00:00 .installer 48673 drwx 4096 Jul 2 2012 17:14:51 +00:00 vman_fdb 13-rw-420654048 Aug 28 2012 15:01:31 +00:00crankshaftoverlord-universalk9.BLD_MCP_DEV_LATEST_20120826_083012.SSA.bin14-rw-727035 Aug 29 2012 21:03:25 +00:00 uut2_2000_ikev1.cfg 15-rw-420944032 Aug 29 2012 19:40:28 +00:00crankshaftoverlord-universalk9.BLD_MCP_DEV_LATEST_20120829_033026.SSA.bin16-rw-1528 Aug 30 2012 14:24:38 +00:00 base.cfg 17-rw-360900 Aug 31 2012 19:10:02 +00:00 uut2_1000_ikev1.cfg 18-rw-421304160 Aug 31 2012 16:34:19 +00:00crankshaftoverlord-universalk9.BLD_MCP_DEV_LATEST_20120821_193221.SSA.bin19-rw-421072064 Aug 31 2012 18:31:57 +00:00crankshaftoverlord-universalk9.BLD_MCP_DEV_LATEST_20120830_110615.SSA.bin20-rw-453652 Sep 1 2012 01:48:15 +00:00 uut2_1000_ikev1_v2.cfg 21-rw-16452768 Sep 11 2012 20:36:20 +00:00upgrade_stage_1_of_1.bin.2012-09-05-Delta22-rw-417375456 Sep 12 2012 20:28:23 +00:00crankshaftoverlord-universalk9.2012-09-12_00.45_cveerapa.SSA.bin23-rw-360879 Oct 8 2012 19:43:36 +00:00old-config.conf24-rw-390804800 Oct 11 2012 15:34:08 +00:00 overlord_1010t.bin 7451738112 bytes total (4525948928 bytes free)

Router#show bootflash: -#---length-----------date/time---------path 1 4096 Oct 11 2012 20:22:19 +00:00 /bootflash/ 2 16384 Jun 12 2012 17:31:45 +00:00 /bootflash/lost+found 3 634880 Sep 06 2012 14:33:26 +00:00 /bootflash/core 4 1028176 Sep 06 2012 14:31:17 +00:00 /bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_17360.core.gz 5 1023738 Sep 06 2012 14:31:24 +00:00 /bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_23385.core.gz 6 1023942 Sep 06 2012 14:31:30 +00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_24973.core.gz 7

1023757

Sep 06

2012

14:31:37 +00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_26241.core.gz

8

1023726

Sep

06

2012

14:31:43

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_27507.core.gz

9

1023979

Sep

06

2012

14:31:50

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_28774.core.gz 10

1023680

Sep 06

2012

14:31:56 +00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_30045.core.gz

11

1023950

Sep

06

2012

14:32:02

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_31332.core.gz

12

1023722

Sep

06

2012

14:32:09

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_5528.core.gz 13

1023852

Sep 06

2012

14:32:15 +00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_7950.core.gz

14

1023916

Sep

06

2012

14:32:22

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_9217.core.gz

15

1023875

Sep

06

2012

14:32:28

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_10484.core.gz 16 1023907

Sep

06

2012

14:32:35

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_11766.core.gz 17 1023707

Sep

06

2012

14:32:41

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_13052.core.gz 18 1023963

Sep

06

2012

14:32:48

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_14351.core.gz 19 1023915

Sep

06

2012

14:32:54

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_15644.core.gz 20 1023866

Sep

06

2012

14:33:00

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_17171.core.gz 21 1023518

Sep

06

2012

14:33:07

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_18454.core.gz 22 1023938

Sep

06

2012

14:33:13

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_19741.core.gz 23 1024017

Sep

06

2012

14:33:20

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_21039.core.gz 24 1023701

Sep

06

2012

14:33:26

+00:00

/bootflash/core/UUT2_RP_0_iomd_22323.core.gz 25 4096 Oct 11

2012 19:28:27 +00:00

/bootflash/.prst_sync 26 4096 Jun 12 2012 17:32:39 +00:00 /bootflash/.rollback_timer 27 0

Jun 12 2012 17:32:50 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs.336 28

1347584 Oct

11 2012 20:24:26

+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs 29 392 Oct 11 2012 20:22:19

+00:00

 

 

 

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.gz30 308 Oct 11

2012 18:39:43 +00:00

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011183943.gz31 308 Oct

11 2012

 

 

18:49:44 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011184944.gz32 42853

 

 

Oct 04 2012 07:35:39 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/hman_R0-0.log.0498.20121004073539.gz33

 

 

307 Oct 11 2012 18:59:45 +00:00

 

 

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011185945.gz34 308 Oct 11 2012

 

 

19:19:47 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011191947.gz35 307

 

 

Oct 11 2012 19:37:14 +00:00

 

 

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011193714.gz36 308 Oct 11 2012

 

 

19:47:15 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011194715.gz37 308

 

 

Oct 11 2012 19:57:16 +00:00

 

 

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011195716.gz38 308 Oct 11 2012

 

 

20:07:17 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011200717.gz39 307

 

 

Oct 11 2012 20:12:18 +00:00

 

 

/bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011201218.gz40 306 Oct 11 2012

 

 

20:17:18 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011201718.gz41 44220

 

 

Oct 10 2012 11:47:42 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/hman_R0-0.log.32016.20121010114742.gz42

 

 

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Chapter 4 Initial Configuration

Verifying the Initial Configuration

64241 Oct 09 2012 20:47:59 +00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/fman-fp_F0-0.log.12268.20121009204757.gz43 177 Oct 11 2012 19:27:03+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_compmatrix_R0-0.log.gz44 307 Oct 11 2012 18:24:41+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011182441.gz45 309 Oct 11 2012 18:29:42+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011182942.gz46 43748 Oct 06 2012 13:49:19+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/hman_R0-0.log.0498.20121006134919.gz47 309 Oct 11 2012 18:44:43+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011184443.gz48 309 Oct 11 2012 19:04:46+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/inst_cleanup_R0-0.log.0000.20121011190446.gz49 2729 Oct 09 2012 21:21:49+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/IOSRP_R0-0.log.20011.2012100921214950 116 Oct 08 2012 21:06:44+00:00 /bootflash/tracelogs/binos_log_R0-0.log.20013.20121008210644

Note To avoid losing work you have completed, be sure to save your configuration occasionally as you proceed. Use thecopy running-config startup-config command to save the configuration to NVRAM.

Verifying the Initial Configuration

Enter the following commands in the Cisco IOS-XEto verify the initial configuration on the router:

show version—Displaysthe system hardware version; the installed software version; the names and sources of configuration files; the boot images; and the amount of installed DRAM, NVRAM, and flash memory.

show diag—Listsand displays diagnostic information about the installed controllers, interface processors, and port adapters.

show interfaces— Shows interfaces are operating correctly and that the interfaces and line protocol are in the correctstate—upor down

show ip interface brief— Displays a summary status of the interfaces configured for IP protocol.

show configuration— Verify that you have configured the correct hostname and password.

When you have completed and verified the initial configuration, the specific features and functions are ready to be configured. See the Software Configuration Guide for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Router

 

 

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C H A P T E R 5

ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

This chapter provides an overview of ROM Monitor concepts and operations.

This chapter includes the following main topics:

ROM Monitor Overview, page 5-1

Entering ROM Monitor Mode, page 5-2

Displaying the Configuration Register Setting, page 5-5

Environment Variable Settings, page 5-5

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode, page 5-7

ROM Monitor Overview

The ROM Monitor is a bootstrap program that initializes the hardware and boots the

Cisco IOS XE software when you power on or reload a router. When you connect a terminal to the router that is in ROM Monitor mode, the ROM Monitor command-lineinterface (CLI) prompt is displayed.

During normal operation, users do not see the ROM Monitor prompt or use ROM Monitor mode. ROM Monitor mode is used only in special circumstances, such as reinstalling the entire software set, resetting the router password, or specifying a configuration file to use at startup.

The ROM Monitor software is known by many names. It is sometimes calledROMMON because of the CLI prompt in ROM Monitor mode. The ROM Monitor software is also called theboot software,boot image, orboot helper. Although it is distributed with routers that use the Cisco IOS XE software, ROM Monitor is a separate program from the Cisco IOS XE software. During normal startup, the ROM Monitor initializes therouter, and then control passes to the Cisco IOS XE software. After the

Cisco IOS XE software takes over, ROM Monitor is no longer in use.

Environmental Variables and the Configuration Register

Two primary connections exist between ROM Monitor and the Cisco IOS XE software: the ROM Monitor environment variables and the configuration register.

The ROM Monitor environment variables define the location of the Cisco IOS XE software and describe how to load it. After ROM Monitor has initialized the router, it uses the environment variables to locate and load the Cisco IOS XE software.

The configuration register is a software setting that controls how a card starts up. One of the primary uses of the configuration register is to control whether the card starts in ROM Monitor mode or Administration EXEC mode. The configuration register is set in either ROM Monitor mode or

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5-1

Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Entering ROM Monitor Mode

Administration EXEC mode as needed. Typically, you set the configuration register using the

Cisco IOS XE software prompt when you need to use ROM Monitor mode. When the maintenance in ROM Monitor mode is complete, you change the configuration register so the router reboots with the Cisco IOS XE software.

Accessing ROM Monitor Mode with a Terminal Connection

When the router is in ROM Monitor mode, you can access the ROM Monitor software only from a terminal connected directly to the console port of the card. Because the Cisco IOS XE software (EXEC mode) is not operating, the nonmanagement interfaces are not accessible. Basically, all

Cisco IOS XE software resources are unavailable. The hardware is there, but no configuration exists to make use of the hardware.

Network Management Access and ROM Monitor Mode

Checking the Current ROMmon Version, page 5-2.Some people get confused when they start to use ROM Monitor mode. It is important to remember that ROM Monitor mode is a router mode, not a mode within the Cisco IOS XE software. It is best to remember that ROM Monitor software and the

Cisco IOS XE software are two separate programs that run on the same router. At any given time, the router is running one of these programs, but it never runs both at the same time.

One area that can be confusing when using ROM Monitor and the Cisco IOS XE software is the area that defines the IP configuration for the Management Ethernet interface. Most router users get comfortable with configuring the Management Ethernet interface in the Cisco IOS XE software. When the router is in ROM Monitor mode, however, the router is not running the Cisco IOS XE software, so that Management Ethernet interface configuration is not available.

When you want to access other devices, such as a TFTP server, while in ROM Monitor mode on the Cisco 4451-XISR, you must configure the ROM Monitor variables with IP access information.

Entering ROM Monitor Mode

The following sections describe how to enter the ROMMON mode, and contains the following sections:

Checking the Current ROMmon Version, page 5-2

Commonly Used ROM Monitor Commands, page 5-4

Displaying the Available ROM Monitor Commands, page 5-4

Changing the ROM Monitor Prompt, page 5-5

Checking the Current ROMmon Version

To display the version of ROMmon running on a router, use the show rom-monitor command or theshow platform command.

Router# showrom-monitorr0

Router#show rom-monitorr0

System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(20120829:165313) [jhayduk-ESGROM_20120829_DELTA101], DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE

Copyright (c) 1994-2012by cisco Systems, Inc.

Router#show platform

Chassis type: ISR4451/K9

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Entering ROM Monitor Mode

Slot

Type

State

Insert time (ago)

---------

-------------------

---------------------

-----------------

0

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

0/0

ISR4400-4X1GE

ok

21:04:07

1

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

2

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

R0

ISR4451/K9

ok, active

21:06:05

F0

ISR4451/K9

ok, active

21:06:05

P0

Unknown

ps, fail

never

P1

XXX-XXXX-XX

ok

21:05:42

P2

ESG-FANTRAY

ok

21:05:42

Slot

CPLD Version

Firmware Version

 

---------

-------------------

---------------------------------------

0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

1

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

2

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

R0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

F0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

Router# show rom

 

 

Router# show

rom?

 

 

rom-monitor

romvar

 

 

Router# show romvar

ROMMON variables:

PS1 = rommon ! >

SR_INIT_SHELL = aux_do_system_shell TFTP_FILE = /noash/overlord_627.bin DEFAULT_GATEWAY = 50.0.0.1 TFTP_SERVER = 172.18.40.12 IP_SUBNET_MASK = 255.255.255.0

MCP_STARTUP_TRACEFLAGS = 00000000:00000000 RET_2_RTS =

? = 0

LICENSE_BOOT_LEVEL = adventerprise,all:esg; IP_ADDRESS = 172.18.40.56

BSI = 0 RET_2_RCALTS =

RANDOM_NUM = 1707176976

Router# reload

rommon 1 > set PS1=rommon ! >

SR_INIT_SHELL=aux_do_system_shell TFTP_FILE=/noash/overlord_627.bin DEFAULT_GATEWAY=50.0.0.1 TFTP_SERVER=172.18.40.12 IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0 MCP_STARTUP_TRACEFLAGS=00000000:00000000 RET_2_RTS=

?=0 LICENSE_BOOT_LEVEL=adventerprise,all:esg; IP_ADDRESS=172.18.40.56

BSI=0 RANDOM_NUM=1707176976 RET_2_RCALTS=1350127173

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Entering ROM Monitor Mode

Commonly Used ROM Monitor Commands

Table 5-1 summarizes the commands commonly used in ROM Monitor. For specific instructions on using these commands, refer to the relevant procedure in this document.

Table 5-1

Commonly Used ROM Monitor Commands

 

 

ROMMON Command

Description

 

 

 

boot image

 

Manually boots a Cisco IOS XE software image.

 

 

boot imageo config-file-path

Manually boots the Cisco IOS XE software with a temporary

 

 

alternative administration configuration file.

 

 

 

confreg

 

Changes the config-registersetting.

 

 

 

dev

 

Displays the available local storage devices.

 

 

 

dir

 

Displays the files on a storage device.

 

 

 

reset

 

Resets the node.

 

 

 

set

 

Displays the currently set ROM Monitor environmental

 

 

settings.

 

 

 

sync

 

Saves the new ROM Monitor environmental settings.

 

 

 

unset

 

Removes an environmental variable setting.

 

 

 

Displaying the Available ROM Monitor Commands

Table 5-2 describes the availablehelp commands for ROM Monitor mode.

Table 5-2

Help Commands in ROMMON

 

 

 

Command

 

Description

 

 

 

help or ?

 

Displays a summary of all available ROM Monitor commands.

 

 

 

-?

 

Displays information about command syntax.

 

 

 

Note Commands arecase-sensitive.You can halt any command by pressingCtrl-C.

Examples

The following example shows what appears when you enter the ? command on a Cisco ISR4451-X:

rommon 1 > ?

 

 

 

alias

set and

display aliases command

boot

boot up

an external

process

break

set/show/clear the breakpoint

confreg

configuration register utility

context

display

the context

of a loaded image

cookie

display

contents of

cookie PROM in hex

dev

list the device table

dir

list files in file system

dis

display

instruction

stream

frame

print out a selected stack frame

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Displaying the Configuration Register Setting

help

monitor

builtin command help

history

monitor

command history

meminfo

main memory information

repeat

repeat a monitor command

reset

system reset

set

display

the monitor variables

showmon

display

currently selected ROM monitor

stack

produce

a stack trace

sync

write monitor environment to NVRAM

sysret

print out info from last system return

tsec

print out info from the ethernet driver

unalias

unset an alias

unset

unset a

monitor variable

Changing the ROM Monitor Prompt

You can change the prompt in ROM Monitor mode by using the PS1= command as shown in the following example:

rommon 8 > PS1="ISR4400 rommon ! > "

ISR4400 rommon 9 >

Changing the prompt is useful if you are working with multiple routers in ROM Monitor at the same time. This example specifies that the prompt is “” followed by the line number.

Displaying the Configuration Register Setting

To display the current configuration register setting, enter the confreg command without parameters as follows:

rommon > confreg

Configuration Summary (Virtual Configuration Register: )

enabled are: console baud: 9600

boot: the ROM Monitor

do you wish to change the configuration? y/n [n]:

The configuration register setting is labeled Virtual Configuration Register. Enter theno command to avoid changing the configuration register setting.

Environment Variable Settings

The ROM Monitor environment variables define the attributes of the ROM Monitor. Environmental variables are entered like commands and are always followed by the equal sign (=). Environment variable settings are entered in capital letters, followed by a definition. For example:

IP_ADDRESS=10.0.0.2

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Environment Variable Settings

Under normal operating conditions, you do not need to modify these variables. They are cleared or set only when you need to make changes to the way ROM Monitor operates.

This section includes the following topics:

Frequently Used Environmental Variables, page 5-6

Displaying Environment Variable Settings, page 5-6

Entering Environment Variable Settings, page 5-7

Saving Environment Variable Settings, page 5-7

Frequently Used Environmental Variables

Table 5-3shows the main ROM Monitor environmental variables. For instructions on how to use these variables, see the relevant instructions in this document.

Table 5-3

Frequently Used ROM Monitor Environmental Variables

 

 

Environmental variable

Description

 

 

IP_ADDRESS=ip_address

Sets the IP address for the Management Ethernet

 

 

interface.

 

 

IP_SUBNET_MASK=ip_address

Sets the subnet mask for the Management

 

 

Ethernet interface.

 

 

DEFAULT_GATEWAY=ip_address

Sets the default gateway that serves.

 

 

TFTP_SERVER=ip_address

Sets the IP address of the TFTP server where a

 

 

bootable software image is located.

 

 

TFTP_FILE=path/file

Sets the directory and filename of a bootable

 

 

software image.

 

 

BOOT=path/file

Identifies the boot software for a node. This

 

 

variable is usually set automatically when the

 

 

router boots.

 

 

 

Displaying Environment Variable Settings

To display the current environment variable settings, enter the set command :

rommon 1 > showmon -v

Current image running (0/1): Boot ROM0

System Bootstrap,

Version 12.2(20120829:165313) [jhayduk-ESGROM_20120829_DELTA101],

DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE

 

Copyright (c) 1994-2012

by cisco Systems, Inc.

Compiled Wed 08/29/2012 12:53:32.67 by jhayduk

CPLD Version

:

35 (MM/DD/YY): 09/03/12 (2.3)

FPGA Version

:

0x82020300 (2.3.0)

FPGA Active

:

read-onlyimage

Board Version

:

2

(P1C)

PCH Version

:

10

(B0)

DP CPU Version

:

00

(1.0)

FPGA-ENVVersion:

0105

 

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

HDD Status

:

0A30

MEFW Version

:

6.0.50.1244

System Straps

:

00000F00 BE036FF1 B2EB6E8F

Hardware Anchor :

F01001R06.0116f365a2012-07-17

Certificate

:

946944F17906C95E

Microloader

:

MA0001R04.013eb9f7f2012-06-22

Module 0/1

:

Absent

Module 0/2

:

Absent

Module 0/3

:

Absent

Module 0/4

:

Absent

Module 1/0

:

Absent

Module 2/0

:

Absent

PCH Enum Errs

:

0

Entering Environment Variable Settings

Environment variable settings are entered in capital letters, followed by a definition. The following example shows the environmental variables used to configure the control Ethernet port on a

Cisco ISR 4451-X:

rommon > IP_ADDRESS=1.1.1.1

rommon > IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.254.0

rommon > DEFAULT_GATEWAY=1.1.0.1

Saving Environment Variable Settings

To save the current environment variable settings, enter the sync command:

rommon > sync

Note Environmental values that are not saved with thesync command are discarded whenever the system is reset or booted.

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

To exit ROM Monitor mode, you must change the configuration register and reset the .

SUMMARY STEPS

1.confreg

2.Respond to each prompt as instructed.

3.reset

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

DETAILED STEPS

 

Command or Action

Purpose

Step 1

 

 

confreg

Initiates the configuration register configuration prompts.

 

Example:

 

 

rommon 1> confreg

 

Step 2

 

 

Respond to each prompt as instructed.

See the example that follows this procedure for more

 

 

information.

Step 3

 

 

reset

Resets and initializes the router.

 

Example:

 

 

rommon 2> reset

 

 

 

 

Configuration Example

rommon

3 > confreg

 

 

 

 

 

Configuration Summary

 

 

 

 

(Virtual Configuration Register: 0x0)

 

enabled are:

 

 

 

[

0 ]

break/abort has effect

 

 

 

[

1 ]

console baud: 9600

 

 

 

boot:

...... the ROM Monitor

 

 

 

do

you

wish to change the configuration? y/n

[n]: y

enable

"diagnostic mode"? y/n

[n]:

 

 

enable

"use net in IP bcast address"? y/n

[n]:

enable

"load rom after netboot fails"? y/n

[n]:

enable

"use all zero broadcast"? y/n

[n]:

 

disable "break/abort has effect"? y/n

[n]:

 

enable

"ignore system config info"? y/n [n]:

change console baud rate? y/n

[n]:

 

 

change

the boot characteristics? y/n

[n]:

 

 

 

Configuration Summary

 

 

 

 

(Virtual Configuration Register: 0x0)

 

enabled are:

 

 

 

[

0 ]

break/abort has effect

 

 

 

[

1 ]

console baud: 9600

 

 

 

boot:

...... the ROM Monitor

 

 

 

do

you

wish to change the configuration? y/n

[n]:

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5-8

Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

Upgrading the ROMmon for a Router

Use this procedure to upgrade the ROMmon on a router:

Step 1 (Optional) Run theshow platform command or theshow rom-monitor slot command fon the router to see the current release numbers of ROMmon on the hardware. See the“Checking the Current ROMmon Version” section on page 5-2 for information about interpreting the output of the command that you run.

Step 2 If the ROMmon image has not been copied onto the router, copy the PKG file that is made available as part of this ROMmon release onto the bootflash: orusb[0-1]:file system using thecopy source-location destination-location command. For example, if you are upgrading to Release 15.2(1r)S, copy theasr1000-rommon.152-1r.S.pkgfile.

Step 3 Run thedir file-system command to verify that the ROMmon file is copied into the specified directory.

Step 4 Run theupgrade rom-monitor filename location all command to begin the ROMmon image upgrade, wherelocation is the path to the ROMmon file.

Caution Do not remove hardware, turn off power, or interrupt the router in any way during the ROMmon upgrade. Although the router should be able to recover from most interruptions during the ROMmon upgrade, certain scenarios may cause unpredictable problems.

Step 5 Messages pertaining to the upgrade are displayed on the console. After the display of these messages stops and the router prompt is available, run thereload command to reload the router.

Step 6 If autoboot has not been enabled by using theconfig-register 0x2102 command, run theboot filesystem:/file-location command at the ROMmon prompt to boot the Cisco IOS XE image, wherefilesystem:/file-location is the path to the consolidated package file. The ROMmon upgrade is not permanent for any piece of hardware until the Cisco IOS XE image is booted.

Step 7 Run theenable command at the user prompt to enter the privileged EXEC mode after the boot is complete.

Step 8 Run theshow platform command or theshow rom-monitor slot command to verify whether the ROMmon has been upgraded.

Example of Upgrade

The following sequence of commands is an example of the procedure to upgrade the ROMmon:

Note The release numbers of ROMmon mentioned in this example are for illustrative purposes only.

Router#showrom-monitorr0

System Bootstrap, Version 12.2(20120829:165313) [jhayduk-ESGROM_20120829_DELTA101], DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE

Copyright

(c) 1994-2012

by cisco Systems, Inc.

 

Router#show platform

 

 

Chassis type: ISR4451/K9

 

 

Slot

Type

State

Insert time (ago)

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Chapter 5 ROM Monitor Overview and Basic Procedures

Exiting ROM Monitor Mode

---------

-------------------

---------------------

-----------------

0

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

0/0

ISR4400-4X1GE

ok

21:04:07

1

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

2

ISR4451/K9

ok

21:06:05

R0

ISR4451/K9

ok, active

21:06:05

F0

ISR4451/K9

ok, active

21:06:05

P0

Unknown

ps, fail

never

P1

XXX-XXXX-XX

ok

21:05:42

P2

ESG-FANTRAY

ok

21:05:42

Slot

CPLD Version

Firmware Version

 

---------

-------------------

---------------------------------------

0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

1

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

2

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

R0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

F0

12090323

12.2(20120829:165313)

[jhayduk-ESGRO...

Router# show rom

 

 

Router# show

rom?

 

 

rom-monitor

romvar

 

 

Router# show romvar

ROMMON variables:

PS1 = rommon ! >

SR_INIT_SHELL = aux_do_system_shell

TFTP_FILE = /noash/overlord_627.bin

DEFAULT_GATEWAY = 50.0.0.1

TFTP_SERVER = 172.18.40.12

IP_SUBNET_MASK = 255.255.255.0

MCP_STARTUP_TRACEFLAGS = 00000000:00000000 RET_2_RTS =

? = 0

LICENSE_BOOT_LEVEL = adventerprise,all:esg;

IP_ADDRESS = 172.18.40.56

BSI = 0

RET_2_RCALTS =

RANDOM_NUM = 1707176976

Router# reload

rommon 1 > set

PS1=rommon ! > SR_INIT_SHELL=aux_do_system_shell TFTP_FILE=/noash/overlord_627.bin DEFAULT_GATEWAY=50.0.0.1 TFTP_SERVER=172.18.40.12 IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0 MCP_STARTUP_TRACEFLAGS=00000000:00000000 RET_2_RTS=

?=0 LICENSE_BOOT_LEVEL=adventerprise,all:esg; IP_ADDRESS=172.18.40.56

BSI=0

RANDOM_NUM=1707176976

RET_2_RCALTS=1350127173

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5-10

C H A P T E R 6

Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and

FRUs

This document describes how to install and upgrade internal modules and field replaceable units (FRUs) in the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router (ISRs). The install and upgrade information is contained in the following sections:

Internal and External Modules

Safety Warnings, page 6-2

Accessing Internal Modules, page 6-4

Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules, page 6-5

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD), page 6-6

Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs, page 6-18

Installing and Removing NIMs and SMs, page 6-23

Installing and Removing the PVDM4, page 6-25

Removing and Replacing the USB Flash Token Memory Stick, page 6-30

Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies, page 6-31

Removing and Installing a CompactFlash Memory Card, page 6-36

Removing, Replacing, and Installing an Internal PoE Card, page 6-41

FRUs

Replacing a Fan Tray, page 6-34

Removing and Installing a CompactFlash Memory Card, page 6-36

Installing SFP Modules, page 6-38

Caution Read theSafety Warnings section and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

See the “Accessing Internal Modules” section on page 6-4 for instructions on how to install and replace internal components.

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Safety Warnings

Safety Warnings

Warning Read the installation instructions before connecting the system to the power source.Statement 1004

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.

Statement 1030

Warning This equipment must be installed and maintained by service personnel as defined by AS/NZS 3260. Incorrectly connecting this equipment to ageneral-purposeoutlet could be hazardous. The telecommunications lines must be disconnected 1) before unplugging the main power connector or 2) while the housing is open, or both.Statement 1043

Warning Before working on a system that has an on/off switch, turn OFF the power and unplug the power cord.

Statement 1

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

Warning This equipment must be grounded. Never defeat the ground conductor or operate the equipment in the absence of a suitably installed ground conductor. Contact the appropriate electrical inspection authority or an electrician if you are uncertain that suitable grounding is available.Statement 1024

Warning Hazardous network voltages are present in WAN ports regardless of whether power to the unit is OFF or ON. To avoid electric shock, use caution when working near WAN ports. When detaching cables, detach the end away from the unit first.Statement 1026

Warning Before opening the unit, disconnect thetelephone-networkcables to avoid contact withtelephone-networkvoltages.Statement 1041

Warning Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings, necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.Statement 43

Warning Do not use this product near water; for example, near a bath tub, wash bowl, kitchen sink or laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming pool.Statement 1035

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Safety Warnings

Warning Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.Statement 1036

Warning Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been disconnected at the network interface.Statement 1037

Warning Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a remote risk of electric shock from lightning.Statement 1038

Warning To report a gas leak, do not use a telephone in the vicinity of the leak.Statement 1039

Warning There is the danger of explosion if the battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the battery only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's instructions.Statement 1015

Warning Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.Statement 1029

Warning For connections outside the building where the equipment is installed, the following ports must be connected through an approved network termination unit with integral circuit protection.

T1 SFP Statement 1044

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Accessing Internal Modules

Accessing Internal Modules

To access the internal modules on the router., you must first remove the chassis cover. See the Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover, page 6-4 for instructions on how to remove and later replace the chassis cover on the Cisco ISR4451-Xs.

Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave a removable cover.

Caution Do not run the router with the cover off. Doing so can cause the router to overheat very quickly.

Warning Before opening the unit, disconnect thetelephone-networkcables to avoid contact withtelephone-networkvoltages.Statement 1041

Note Use anumber-2Phillips screwdriver to perform the following tasks.

Removing the Cover

To remove the cover, perform the following steps.

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Confirm the router is turned off and disconnected from the power supply or power supplies. If a redundant power is used, disconnect from the redundant power supply.

Step 3 Place the chassis on a flat surface.

Step 4 Remove the three cover screws at the back of the router cover. SeeFigure 6-1.

Step 5 Lift the cover from the back edge to a45-degreeangle.

Step 6 Pull the cover toward you to disengage the slots along the front (bezel) edge of the chassis. SeeFigure 6-1.

Replacing the Cover

To replace the cover, perform the following steps.

Step 1 Read theSafety Warnings, page 6-2 and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Confirm the router is turned off and disconnected from the power supply or power supplies. If a redundant power is used disconnect from the redundant power supply.

Step 3 Place the chassis on a flat surface.

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules

Step 4 Hold the cover at a45-degreeangle and insert the cover tabs into the slots along the front (bezel) edge of the chassis. SeeFigure 6-1.

Step 5 Center the cover over the chassis and lower it onto the chassis.

Step 6 Install the three cover screws.

Figure 6-1Installing the Cover on Cisco ISR4451-Xs

1

303010

1 Cover screws (3)

Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules

Figure 6-2 shows the locations of internal modules on the router motherboard. Internal modules include DIMMs, PVDM4, Voice Modules, and PoE cards on the Cisco ISR4451-X.Figure 6-21 shows the location of the the available slots including the Integrated Services Card (ISC) slot.

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-2Module Locations in Cisco ISR4451-Xs

2

3 1

285699

 

9

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

5

4

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1.

ISC slot

 

2.

DIMMs

3.

DIMM

 

4.

NIM-SSDSlot 0(Factory-configured)

5.

NIM-SSDslot 1(Factory-configured)

6.

NIM 2 (single-wide)

7.

NIM slot divider

 

8.

NIM 1 (single-wide)

9.

GE management ports

 

 

 

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

This section describes the NIM-SSDand how to remove and replaceNIM-SSDs.This section contains the following sections:

Overview, page 6-7

Solid State Drives (SSD), page 6-10

Installing the SSD Drives into the NIM Carrier Card, page 6-12

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Removing the SSD Drives from the NIM-SSD, page 6-13

Removing and Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X NIM-SSD Drives, page 6-15

Removing the NIM-SSD from the Router, page 6-16

Replacing the NIM-SSD on the Router, page 6-18

Overview

The solid state drive (SSD) carrier card network interface module (NIM) enables SSD support on the Cisco ISR 4451-Xplatform NIM slots. It provides flash storage to the platform and supports dual 2.5” (7mm max) SATA SSDs. The carrier card fits into NIM slot 3 in the Cisco ISR4451-X.The router supports only a single SSD Carrier Card NIM.

Note Please refer to the “Network Interface Modules” section of theSoftware Configuration Guide for the Cisco 4451-X Integrated Services Router for configuration information on the SSD carrier card NIM.

The SSD carrier card NIM (Figure 6-3)has the following features:

Single-wideNIM form factor

LEDs for module and driver status

On board PCIe x1 Gen 2(5G) dual-portSATA controller

Supports SFF 2.5” SATA2 or SATA3 (7mm or less) SSDs (

Supports module online insertion and removal (OIR)—Youcan remove it from a bay and insert it into a bay while the router is running

The NIM-SSDis supported in any bay in slot 0

Only one NIM-SSDmodule per router is supported

Figure 6-3 shows the front panel of the SSD NIM

Figure 6-3Front Panel of the SSD Carrier Card NIM

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

LEDs on the NIM-SSD

Table 6-1 describes the LEDs on theNIM-SSDas shown inFigure 6-3.

Table 6-1

SSD Drive LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED

Represents

 

Color

Description

 

 

 

 

 

EN

Module power

 

Green

Module is powered on.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

Module power is off.

 

 

 

 

 

SSD0

Solid state drive

 

Green

SSD present.

 

in slot 0

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No SSD drive in slot 0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACT

SSD activity

 

Green

Activity in the SSD drive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No activity.

 

 

 

 

 

SSD1

Solid state drive

 

Green

SSD present.

 

in slot 1

 

 

 

 

 

Off

No SSD in slot 1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 6-4 shows the rear view of the SSD carrier card NIM. This end fits into the Cisco ISR4451-X.

Figure 6-4Rear view of the SSD Carrier Card NIM

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Table 6-2 lists the specifications of the SSD Carrier Card NIM.

Table 6-2

Specifications of the NIM-SSD

 

 

 

 

Description

Specification

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dimensions (H x W x D)

1.5 x 3.5 x 7.5 in (3.8 x 8.9 x 19.1 cm).

 

 

 

 

Weight

1.0 lbs (0.454 kg)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Power consumption (maximum)

20W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating humidity

10 to 85% operating

 

 

 

 

Operating altitude maximum

104°F (40°C) at sea level

 

 

104°F (40°C) at 6,000 ft (1,800m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note De-rate2.5°F (1.4°C) per 1,000 ft above 6,000 ft (per

 

 

 

 

300m above 2,600m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation and Storage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Temperature

4 to 149°F (-20to +65°C)

 

 

 

 

Relative humidity

5 to 95%

 

 

 

 

Altitude

15,000 ft (4,600m)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-4 shows the top of the SSD carrier card NIM along with the serial number and label location.

Figure 6-5Top View of the SSD Carrier Card NIM with Serial Number

Solid State Drives (SSD)

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xscontain two solid state drives (SSD) that provide nonvolatile storage in the form of an internal flash disk. On the front panel of the router, the SSD LED indicates activity on the hard drive.

The SSD carrier card NIM can support upto two SFF 2.5” SATA2 or SATA3 (7mm or less) SSDs.

Figure 6-6 shows a top view of the SSD drive that can be inserted into a NIM carrier card.Figure 6-7 shows two SSDs in a NIM carrier card.

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-6Solid State Drive (SSD)

Figure 6-7NIM-SSDwith Two Solid State Drives

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Installing the SSD Drives into the NIM Carrier Card

Follow these steps to insert one or two SSD drives into the carrier NIM:

Step 1 On theNIM-SSD,loosen the captive screws retaining the SSD card slot cover (Figure 6-8).

Figure 6-8Opening the SSD Slot Cover

1

1

 

347342

 

1. Captive screws on the SSD slot cover attaching the SSD Drive to the NIM Carrier Card

Step 2

Rotate the SSD card slot cover down, exposing the slots which hold the SSDs as shown in Figure 6-9.

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-9Opening the SSD slot cover

1

347343

1. Carrier card slot cover

Step 3 Insert an SSD in the lower slot first.

Step 4 The SSD should be inserted connector end first with the connector side down and serial number facing up (Figure 6-6).

Step 5 A second SSD may be inserted in the upper slot as shown inFigure 6-7.

Step 6 Rotate the SSD card slot cover up and into place over the SSD's.

Step 7 Re-tightenthe captive fasteners on the SSD card slot cover.

Removing the SSD Drives from the NIM-SSD

To remove the SSD cards from the NIM carrier, follow these steps:

 

Step 1

On the NIM-SSD,loosen the captive screws retaining theNIM-SSDslot cover.

 

Step 2

Rotate the SSD card slot cover down, exposing the slots which hold the SSDs.

 

Step 3

To remove the SSD one at a time, pull the two tabs on the front of each SSD as shown in Figure 6-10.

 

Step 4

Rotate the SSD card slot cover up and into place over the SSDs.

 

Step 5

Re-tightenthe captive fasteners on the SSD card slot cover.

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-10Pulling out the Solid State Drives

1

1

347344

1. Tabs to pull out the SSD drives

 

 

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-11Side View of theNIM-SSD

To insert or remove the NIM-SSDinto the Cisco ISR4451-XNIM slot 3, see the“Removing and Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X NIM-SSD Drives” section in this chapter.

Removing and Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-XNIM-SSDDrives

This section explains how to remove a solid state drive assembly (NIM-SSD)from the Cisco ISR4451-Xchassis and replace it with a new externalNIM-SSD.

To deactivate and reactivate a NIM, see the “Deactivating and Reactivating a SSD Carrier Card NIM” section in the Software Configuration Guide for the Cisco ISR 4451-X.

Restrictions

Cisco SSD Carrier Card NIM with no SSD drives is not supported.

Dynamically removing and inserting SSD drives on a NIM is not supported.

Only a single SSD Carrier Card NIM per router is supported on any bay.

Plugging additional SSD Carrier Card NIMs into a bay will power off the module.

Power down the NIM-SSDmodule and wait for the power LED to turn off before removing the module or removing and replacing new SSD drives.

Replacing any SSD drive can cause some data loss.

 

 

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Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Warning During this procedure, wear grounding wrist straps to avoid ESD damage to the card. Do not directly touch the backplane with your hand or any metal tool, or you could shock yourself.Statement 94

Before you begin, read the following important notices:

The form-factorinternal hard drive is accessible from the front panel of the Cisco ISR4451-Xand supports the online insertion and removal feature (OIR) using the following CLI commands for the standby and active RP2:

request platform hardware filesystem harddisk: offline (Unmounts the hard disk on the active RP2.)

To verify once the SSD drive is installed in the router, use the show platform command. The following example shows a sample output for a NIM SSD installed:

Router# show platform

Chassis type: ISR4451/K9

Slot

Type

State

Insert time (ago)

---------

-------------------

---------------------

-----------------

0

ISR4452/K9

ok

15:57:33

0/0

ISR4451-6X1GE

ok

15:55:24

g0/3

NIM-SSD

ok

15:55:24

1

ISR4451/K9

ok

15:57:33

1/0

SM-1T3/E3

ok

15:55:24

2

ISR4451/K9

ok

15:57:33

2/0

SM-1T3/E3

ok

15:55:24

R0

ISR4451/K9

ok, active

15:57:33

F0

ISR4451-FP

ok, active

15:57:33

P0

Unknown

ps, fail

never

P1

XXX-XXXX-XX

ok

15:56:58

P2

ACS-4450-ASSY

ok

15:56:58

Slot

CPLD Version

Firmware Version

 

---------

-------------------

---------------------------------------

0

12090323

15.3(01r)S

[ciscouser-ISRRO...

1

12090323

15.3(01r)S

[ciscouser-ISRRO...

2

12090323

15.3(01r)S

[ciscouser-ISRRO...

R0

12090323

15.3(01r)S

[ciscouser-ISRRO...

F0

12090323

15.3(01r)S

[ciscouser-ISRRO...

The reason you would be removing an internal hard drive is that it is failing or failed; so any data recovery may be lost.

If the drive is functioning, you can back it up to a drive plugged into a USB port using the archive tar command.

Removing the NIM-SSDfrom the Router

To remove the SSD NIM from the Cisco ISR 4451-X,follow this procedure:

Step 1 Slip on theESD-preventivewrist strap that was included in the accessory kit. Loosen the screw fasteners (11) located on the SSD slots on the right of the input/output (I/O) side of the Cisco ISR4451-X.(Figure 6-12).

 

 

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Overview of the SSD Carrier Card NIM (NIM-SSD)

Figure 6-12Removing theNIM-SSDfrom the Router

11

 

L

 

 

L

 

2

1

285700

1. Captive screws holding the NIM-SSDto the router.

Step 2 Using a Phillips screwdriver, loosen the captive screws on either side as shown inFigure 6-12 andFigure 6-13

Figure 6-13Removing theNIM-SSDCarrier Card from the Router

 

1

1

 

1. Captive screws attaching the NIM-SSDcarrier card to the router body.

Step 3

Holding the two captive screws, slide the entire NIM-SSDunit out as shown inFigure 6-13.

347341

 

 

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Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs

Replacing the NIM-SSDon the Router

To replace the NIM-SSDon the Cisco ISR4451-X,follow these steps:

Step 1 Align theNIM-SSDcarrier card to the router base.

Step 2 With two hands, slide it back into its slot in the Cisco ISR4451-X.

Step 3 Tighten the captive screws as shown inFigure 6-13.

Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs

To access the DIMMs, you must remove the chassis cover as described in the “Accessing Internal Modules” section on page 6-4.

Caution Always wear anESD-preventivewrist strap and ensure that it makes good contact with your skin when you remove or install DIMMs. Connect the equipment end of the wrist strap to the metal part of the chassis.

Caution Handle DIMMs by the edges only. DIMMs areESD-sensitivecomponents and can be damaged by mishandling.

Locating and Orienting DIMM

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave three DIMM sockets on the system board: two for the control plane CPU, and one for the data plane CPU. See the“Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules” section on page 6-5 to find DIMM connectors on the router.

DIMMs have a polarization notch on the mating edge to prevent incorrect insertion. Figure 6-14 shows the polarization notch on a DIMM.

Caution DIMMs and PVDM4s plug into similarly sized sockets. Only the polarization notch differs. Look for the polarization notch shown inFigure 6-14 before inserting a DIMM in the socket.

 

 

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Figure 6-14DIMM Showing Polarization Notch

250944

1

1 Polarization notch

 

 

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Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs

Removing a DIMM

Follow these steps to remove a DIMM:

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 section and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Remove the chassis cover. For Cisco ISR4451-Xs,see the“Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover” section on page 6-4.

Step 3 Locate the DIMM module. See the “Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules” section on page 6-5 to find the DIMM sockets on the router.

Step 4 Pull the latches away from the DIMM at both ends to lift the DIMM slightly. Pull the DIMM out of the socket as shown inFigure 6-15.

Figure 6-15Removing a DIMM

250945

Step 5 Place the DIMM in an antistatic bag to protect it from ESD damage.

Step 6 Replace the chassis cover. For Cisco ISR4451-Xs,see the“Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover” section on page 6-4. .

 

 

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Installing and Removing DDR DIMMs

Installing a DIMM

Note Unregistered DIMMS (UDIMMs) and very low profile (VLP) RDIMMs are not interchangeable.

Follow these steps to install a DIMM:

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 section and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Remove the chassis cover. For the Cisco ISR4451-Xs,see the“Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover” section on page 6-4.

Step 3 Locate the DIMM module. See the “Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules” section on page 6-5 to find the DIMM sockets on the router.

Step 4 Make sure that both latches on the DIMM connector are in the open position.

Step 5 Orient the DIMM so that the polarization notch lines up with the polarization key on the connector. SeeFigure 6-16.

Caution DIMMs and PVDM4s plug into similarly sized sockets. Only the polarization notch differs. Look for the polarization notch shown inFigure 6-16 before inserting a DIMM in the socket.

Figure 6-16DIMM Showing Polarization Notch

250944

1

Step 6 Insert the DIMM into the connector one side at a time.Figure 6-17 shows what not to do while handling a DIMM.

 

 

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Figure 6-17Handling the DIMMs

280360

Step 7 Carefully and firmly press the DIMM into the connector until the latches close onto the DIMM. Make sure that both latches rotate to the closed position against the DIMM. SeeFigure 6-18.

 

 

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Installing and Removing NIMs and SMs

Figure 6-18Installing a DIMM

250946

Step 8 Replace the chassis cover. See the “Removing and Replacing the Chassis Cover” section on page 6-4.

Installing and Removing NIMs and SMs

Network Interface Modules (NIMs), Service Modules (SMs) and the Cisco E-SeriesServer Modules plug into the various slots on the motherboard. SMs are sold as a spare part, and they have a label that identifies the SM type. See the following sections for SM installation tasks:

Note The procedures in this section apply to NIMs, SMs, and the CiscoE-SeriesServer modules.

Software Requirement for SMs, page 6-24

Locating an SM or NIM, page 6-24

Removing an SM or NIM, page 6-24

Installing an SM, page 6-24

Verifying SM Installation, page 6-25

Caution Always wear anESD-preventivewrist strap and ensure that it makes good contact with your skin when you remove or install an SM. Connect the equipment end of the wrist strap to the metal part of the chassis.

Caution Handle SMs and NIMs by the edges only. SMs areESD-sensitivecomponents and can be damaged by mishandling.

 

 

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Installing and Removing NIMs and SMs

Software Requirement for SMs

Cisco IOS XE software of a specified release or later release is required for using an SM.

To determine the version of Cisco IOS software that is running on your router, log in to the router and enter the show version command:

Router> show version

Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software

4400 Software (C4400-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M),Version 12.3(8.2)T, INTERIM SOFTWARE

Locating an SM or NIM

See the “Locating Internal and External Slots for Modules” section on page 6-5 to locate the SM or NIM slot on the motherboard.

Removing an SM or NIM

Use the following procedure to remove an SM:

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Access the SM slot. SeeFigure 6-2 for the various NIM and SM slot locations.

Step 3 Loosen the captive screws to open the slot cover. SeeFigure 6-8 andFigure 6-9.

Step 4 Pull the SM out of the connector on the motherboard. Keep the SM parallel with the motherboard to prevent damage to the slot and standoff.

Step 5 Place the SM in an antistatic bag to protect it from ESD damage.

Installing an SM

To install an SM, use a number 2 Phillips screwdriver or flat-bladescrew drive, and a1/4-inchnut driver or wrench.

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Identify the SM slot you will insert the SM into.

Step 3 Loosen the captive screws to open the slot cover. SeeFigure 6-8 andFigure 6-9.

Step 4 Insert the SM to the system board.

Note Be sure to press firmly on the SM until the board seats onto the connector.

Step 5 Insert the screws from the accessory kit through the SM into the standoffs. SeeFigure 6-20.Carefully tighten the screws with a Phillips screwdriver (torque 6 to 8in-lbor 0.7 to 1.1 Nm.).

 

 

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Installing and Removing the PVDM4

Step 6 Check that the SM is installed correctly on the system board.

Note For more details on installation of SMs, NIMs, and CiscoE-SeriesServer Modules, please see the hardware installation guide for the particular module you have purchased.

For a list of links to all the SMs and NIMs supported on the Cisco ISR 4451-X,see theDocumentation Roadmap for the Cisco ISR 4451-X.

Verifying SM Installation

Use the show diag command to verify that the SM has been installed correctly. In the following example, one SM is recognized by the system.

router#show diag ?

 

all

All related information

chassis

Chassis

related information

slot

Slot location information for this command

subslot

Subslot

location information for this command

Router#show diag subslot 2/0 eeprom detail

SPA EEPROM data for subslot 2/0:

EEPROM version

: 4

 

 

Compatible Type

: 0xFF

 

Controller Type

: 1909

 

Hardware Revision

: 1.0

 

 

PCB Part Number

: 73-14154-02

Top Assy. Part Number

: 800-36532-01

Board Revision

: 06

 

 

Deviation Number

: 123598

 

Fab Version

: 02

 

 

PCB Serial Number

: FOC15495HU1

Asset ID

: REV 2F

 

Product Identifier (PID) : SM-1T3/E3

Version Identifier (VID) : V01

 

 

CLEI Code

: TBD

 

 

Base MAC Address

: C4 0A CB 56 00 99

MAC Address block size

: 3

 

 

Manufacturing Test Data

: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

Environment Monitor Data : 40 0B E3 43 00 0A

Platform features

: 02 01 01 0A 00 00 00 00

 

01

01

00

Installing and Removing the PVDM4

This section describes the installation tasks for the PVDM4 used on the Cisco ISR 4451-X,and it contains the following subsections:

Tools and Equipment Required During Installation

 

 

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Installing and Removing the PVDM4

Installing the PVDM4 on the Cisco Fourth-Generation T1/E1 Voice and WAN NIM in the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Removing the PVDM4 from the Cisco Fourth-Generation T1/E1 Voice and WAN Network Interface Module in the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Tools and Equipment Required During Installation

You will need the following tools and equipment while working with PVDM4:

Number 1 phillips screwdriver or a small flat-bladescrewdriver

ESD-preventivewrist strap

(For routers using DC power) Tape to secure DC circuit breaker handle

PVDM4 Location and Orientation

The PVDM4 connector is located on the motherboard. Figure 6-19 shows the PVDM4, screws, and connector. The connector on the PVDM4 must align with the corresponding connector on the motherboard.

Figure 6-19View of PVDM4 Connector and Screws

1

1

2

 

285704

3

1

 

 

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Installing and Removing the PVDM4

Installing the PVDM4 on the Motherboard of the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Step 1

Read the “Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 and disconnect the power supply before you perform

 

any module replacement.

Step 2

Turn off electrical power to the router. Leave the power cable plugged in to channel ESD voltages to

 

ground.

 

Step 3

Remove the cover.

Step 4

Identify the ISC slot on the router’s main motherboard.

Step 5

Locate the three standoffs from the accessory kit. See Figure 6-20.

 

Figure 6-20

Standoffs

 

 

 

 

121202

Step 6 Install the three standoffs into the system board in the attachment locations. Use a1/4-inchnut driver to tighten the standoffs. The locations for PVDM4 standoffs have white plastic grommets surrounding the mounting hole location.

Step 7 Insert the PVDM4 into the ISC slot on the system board.

Note Be sure to press firmly on the PVDM4 until the board seats onto the connector.

Step 8 Insert the screws from the accessory kit through the PVDM4 into the standoffs. Carefully tighten the screws with a Phillips screwdriver (torque 6 to 8in-lb.or 0.7 to 1.1 Nm).

Step 9 Check that the PVDM4 is installed correctly on the system board.

Step 10 Replace the cover.

Caution When you remove or install the PVDM4, always wear anESD-preventivewrist strap, and ensure that it makes good contact with your skin. Connect the equipment end of the wrist strap to the metal part of the chassis.

Caution Handle the PVDM4 by the edges only. PVDM4s areESD-sensitivecomponents and can be damaged by mishandling.

 

 

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Installing and Removing the PVDM4

Warning Nouser-serviceableparts inside. Do not open.Statement 1073

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install, replace, or service this equipment.Statement 1030

Removing the PVDM4 from the Motherboard of the Cisco ISR 4451-X

Step 1 Turn off electrical power to the router. Leave the power cable plugged in to channel ESD voltages to ground.

Step 2

Remove the router cover.

Step 3

Locate the PVDM4 on the motherboard. See Figure 6-21.

 

Figure 6-21

Location of PVDM4

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

345704

1

Screws

2

PVDM4

3

Connector

4

Standoffs

 

 

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Installing and Removing the PVDM4

Step 4 Loosen and remove the three screws on the PVDM4.

Step 5 Lift the PVDM4 up from the motherboard.

Step 6 Place the PVDM4 in ananti-staticbag.

Step 7 Replace the cover.

Installing the PVDM4 on the Cisco Fourth-GenerationT1/E1 Voice and WAN NIM in the Cisco ISR4451-X

Step 1 Shut down the electrical power to the slot in the router by either turning off the electrical power to the router or by issuing the online insertion and removal (OIR) commands. Leave the power cable plugged in to channel ESD voltages to ground. For more information on OIR, see the Appendix, “Online Insertion and Removal (OIR) andHot-Swapping”.

Step 2 Loosen the two captive screws on the network interface module.

Step 3 Remove the network interface module. (SeeFigure 6-22.)

Figure 6-22Network Interface Module with PVDM4

1

4

3

 

 

2

 

1

1

Captive Screws

2

Ports

3

Network Card

4

PVDM4

 

 

 

 

345528

Step 4 Locate the three standoffs on the network interface module where the PVDM4 will reside.

Step 5 Align the PVDM4 with the connector and the standoffs and attach the PVDM4 with the three screws.

Step 6 Slide the network interface module back in the router and tighten the captive screws.

 

 

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Removing and Replacing the USB Flash Token Memory Stick

Removing the PVDM4 from the Cisco Fourth-GenerationT1/E1 Voice and WAN Network Interface Module in the Cisco ISR4451-X

Step 1 Shut down the electrical power to the slot in the router by either turning off the electrical power to the router or by issuing the online insertion and removal (OIR) stop command. Leave the power cable plugged in to channel ESD voltages to ground. For more information on OIR, see the“OIR Procedures” section on page 7-2.

Step 2 Loosen the two captive screws on the network interface module

Step 3 Remove the network interface module with the PVDM4. (SeeFigure 6-22.)

Step 4 Loosen the three screws and standoffs on the PVDM4.

Step 5 Lift the PVDM4 up from the network interface module.

Step 6 Place the PVDM4 in ananti-staticbag.

Step 7 If you are not immediately replacing the network module, install the blank cover over the empty network module slot.

Step 8 Slide the network interface module back in the router and tighten the captive screws.

Removing and Replacing the USB Flash Token Memory Stick

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xscontain ports for a 1 GB flash token memory stick to store configurations or Cisco IOS XE consolidated packages.

Note Only Cisco USB Flash memory modules are supported by Cisco routers.

Caution Do not remove a USB Flash memory module when issuing some file access command or a read/write operation to the Flash memory module when it is processing. The router might reload or the USB Flash memory module can be damaged. You can check to see if the USB activity LED on the

Cisco ISR 4451-Xfront panel is flashing, prior to the removal of the USB device

To remove and then replace a USBflash token memory stick from a Cisco ISR 4451-X,follow these steps:

Step 1 Pull the memory stick from the USB port.

Step 2 To replace a Cisco USB Flash memory stick, simply insert the module into the USB port 0 or 1 port as shown inFigure 6-23.The Flash memory module can be inserted in only one way, and can be inserted or removed regardless of whether the router is powered up or not.

Note Figure 6-23 is only a sample of how the memory stick is inserted into the port and does not display the actual Cisco ISR4451-Xfaceplate.

 

 

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Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies

Figure 6-23Cisco ISR4451-XFlash Token Memory Stick

PWRSTAT

ACTV

CRIT

MAJ

STBY

 

ACO

0

1

 

HD

USB

BF

DISK

280382

Note You can insert or remove the memory stick whether the router is powered on or not.

This completes the USB Flash memory installation procedure.

Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshave replaceable power supply modules and some have an optional external redundant power supply (RPS). All of the internal power supplies for the Cisco ISR4451-Xsare modular and do not have internal cabling. These modular power supplies can be removed or installed using only a screwdriver.

Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X Power Supply, page 6-31

Replacing the Power Supply on the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs, page 6-33

Inserting PoE Supply in an Ethernet Switch Network Module, page 6-33

Cisco ISR 4451-X Power and RPS Error Messages, page 6-34

Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-XPower Supply

Warning Blank faceplates and cover panels serve three important functions: they prevent exposure to hazardous voltages and currents inside the chassis; they contain electromagnetic interference (EMI) that might disrupt other equipment; and they direct the flow of cooling air through the chassis. Do not operate the system unless all cards, faceplates, front covers, and rear covers are in place.Statement 1029

Warning This unit might have more than one power supply connection. All connections must be removed tode-energizethe unit.Statement 1028

 

 

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Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies

Warning Care should be taken while removing the power supplies and power inverters (especially in boost mode of operation). If the total power consumption is higher than can be supported by one power supply alone and in this condition a power supply is removed, the hardware can be damaged. This may then result in the system being unstable or unusable.

All of the power supply and RPS options have a similar modular form factor, with no cabling, for easy removal and replacement. If an RPS is attached, the power supply may be hot-swapped.

Figure 6-24Power Supply Unit

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Cisco 4900 Series

 

 

 

PSU0

PSU1

GE

FLASH

TEMP

PWR

 

 

 

 

 

POE

 

 

 

 

 

 

POE0

POE1

BOOST

ISC

FAN

STAT

 

WARNING:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLE POWER

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INPUTS - REMOVE TO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DE-ENERGIZE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100-240V-5.1-2.5A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADVERTISSEMENT:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

50/60Hz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

POUR ÉJEINDRE L’UNITÉ,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

390474

DEBRANCHEZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D’ALIMENTATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

À ENTRÉES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PSU0

PSU1

GE

FLASH

TEMP

PWR

WARNING:

 

 

POE

 

 

 

MULTIPLE POWER

 

 

 

 

INPUTS - REMOVE TO

 

 

 

 

 

DE-ENERGIZE

 

 

 

 

 

100-240V-5.1-2.5A

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADVERTISSEMENT:

 

 

 

 

 

50/60Hz

POE

 

POE0 POE1 BOOST

ISC

FAN

STAT

POUR ÉJEINDRE L’UNITÉ,

2

DEBRANCHEZ

 

 

 

 

D’ALIMENTATION

 

 

 

 

À ENTRÉES

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLES

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

WARNING:

 

MULTIPLE POWER

1

INPUTS - REMOVE TO

DE-ENERGIZE

ADVERTISSEMENT: 3 POUR ÉJEINDRE L’UNITÉ,

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MULTIPLES

1.

450W/1000W power supply (1000W shown)

2.

PSU Latch

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Multiple power supply unit warning

4.

Product series

 

message—appearswhen there are multiple

 

 

 

 

power inputs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

LEDs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

 

OL-27644-01

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Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Replacing Power Supplies and Redundant Power Supplies

Replacing the Power Supply on the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs

Caution Care should be taken while removing the power supplies and power inverter, especially in boost mode of operation. If the total power consumption is higher than can be supported by one PSU alone, and in this condition, if a PSU is removed, the hardware can be damaged. This may result in the system being unstable or unusable.

Similarly if there is only one PoE converter and it is providing PoE power to an SM, in this condition if the PoE inverter is removed, the hardware may be damage and may result in the system being unstable or unusable.

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 section and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Pull on thequick-releasecatch on the side to leverage the power supply from its connector, and then slide the power supply module out of the chassis.

Step 3 Insert the replacement power supply module.

Figure 6-25Cisco ISR4451-XPower Supply Units

.

 

1

 

 

2

3

 

 

Cisco 4400 Series

 

 

PSU1

PSU2

INT FLASH

TEMP PWR

 

 

 

 

POE

 

 

 

POE1

POE2

BOOST VM

FAN STAT

 

 

 

 

 

285695

5

 

 

 

4

1

Router fan tray

2 LEDs

 

 

 

3

Router On/Off switch

4 AC power supply unit (PSU) 2

5

AC power supply unit 1

 

 

 

 

Inserting PoE Supply in an Ethernet Switch Network Module

To insert a PoE PSU, you must first remove the fan tray. For instructions on how to remove the fan tray, see “Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-X Fan Tray” section on page 6-34

The PoE power supply for Ethernet Switch Network Modules supports online insertion feature. The PoE power supply does not support online removal.

 

 

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

 

 

 

 

 

 

OL-27644-01

 

 

6-33

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Replacing a Fan Tray

Warning Care should be taken while removing the power supplies and power inverters (especially in boost mode of operation). If the total power consumption is higher than can be supported by one power supply alone and in this condition a power supply is removed, the hardware can be damaged. This may then result in the system being unstable or unusable.

The following messages are expected behavior when you try to reload or insert a PoE supply in a router with Ethernet Switch Network Module:

Aug 10 18:29:40.331: %ILPM_FAULT-5-ILPM_NOTICE:Notice: Inline power supply is being started.

*Aug 10 18:29:40.331: %ILPM_FAULT-5-ILPM_WARNING:Warning: Ethernet Switch Network Modules with PoE Support need to be reloaded to function properly.

*Aug 10 18:29:40.691: %SYS-5-RESTART:System restarted--Cisco IOS Software, C2900 Software(C2900-UNIVERSALK9-M),Version 15.0(1)M2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)

This warning message is not an indication of any error in the system but a warning upon system reload or PoE power supply restoration.

Upon PoE power supply insertion, inline power supply restores automatically in the router. After the insertion, resets are needed for the switch modules in the router for the PoE supply to work properly.

If there are two PoE supplies, the power supplies can operate in a boost mode or redundant mode. In a boost mode, the total power supplied is a sum of the two power supplies capacity. In a redundant mode, if one of the PoE supply fails, the other PoE will supply power.

Cisco ISR 4451-XPower and RPS Error Messages

There are several RPS error messages unique to the Cisco ISR 4451-Xs.The messages appear on the router console terminal.

Replacing a Fan Tray

The Cisco ISR 4451-Xshavehot-swappablefan trays that are field replaceable units (FRUs). The fan tray includes all of the router fans in one assembly. If a fan fails, replace the tray using aflat-bladeor Phillips screwdriver.

Before Hot-Swappinga Fan Tray

Before hot-swappinga fan tray, read the safety precautions below.

Read the entire procedure and have the required tools available.

Do not attempt the hot-swapin ambient air temperature above 90°F (32°C).

Do not attempt the hot-swapat an altitude above 6000 feet (1829 meters).

When the router is being operated, it is recommended to change the fans in the Cisco ISR 4451-Xwithin 2 minutes to ensure the router does not overheat:

Replacing the Cisco ISR 4451-XFan Tray

To replace the fan tray, complete the following steps:

 

 

Hardware Installation Guide for the Cisco 4451-XIntegrated Services Router

 

 

 

 

 

 

OL-27644-01

 

 

6-34

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 6 Installing and Upgrading Internal Modules and FRUs

Replacing a Fan Tray

Note Ifhot-swappingthe fan tray, it is recommended to complete the operation within two minutes to ensure the router remains within operating temperature.

Step 1 Read the“Safety Warnings” section on page 6-2 section and disconnect the power supply before you perform any module replacement.

Step 2 Pry open the fan tray screw covers on the four captive fan tray screws.

Step 3 Completely loosen the four captive fan tray screws.

Step 4 Pull the fan tray out.

Step 5 Insert the replacement fan tray and tighten the four captive screws.

Step 6 Snap the screw covers in place.

Figure 6-26Cisco ISR4451-XFan Tray Replacement

1

285943

1. Fan Tray

 

 

Hard