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Cisco 828 Router and

SOHO 78 Router Hardware

Installation Guide

Corporate Headquarters

Cisco Systems, Inc. 170 West Tasman Drive

San Jose, CA 95134-1706USAhttp://www.cisco.com Tel: 408526-4000

800 553-NETS(6387) Fax: 408526-4100

Customer Order Number: DOC-7812837=

Text Part Number: 78-12837-02

THE SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION REGARDING THE PRODUCTS IN THIS MANUAL ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. ALL STATEMENTS, INFORMATION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS IN THIS MANUAL ARE BELIEVED TO BE ACCURATE BUT ARE PRESENTED WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USERS MUST TAKE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR APPLICATION OF ANY PRODUCTS.

THE SOFTWARE LICENSE AND LIMITED WARRANTY FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PRODUCT ARE SET FORTH IN THE INFORMATION PACKET THAT SHIPPED WITH THE PRODUCT AND ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE. IF YOU ARE UNABLE TO LOCATE THE SOFTWARE LICENSE OR LIMITED WARRANTY, CONTACT YOUR CISCO REPRESENTATIVE FOR A COPY.

The following information is for FCC compliance of Class A devices: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequencyenergy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case users will be required to correct the interference at their own expense.

The following information is for FCC compliance of Class B devices: The equipment described in this manual generates and may radiate radio-frequencyenergy. If it is not installed in accordance with Cisco’s installation instructions, it may cause interference with radio and television reception. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in accordance with the specifications in part 15 of the FCC rules. These specifications are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference in a residential installation. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

Modifying the equipment without Cisco’s written authorization may result in the equipment no longer complying with FCC requirements for Class A or Class B digital devices. In that event, your right to use the equipment may be limited by FCC regulations, and you may be required to correct any interference to radio or television communications at your own expense.

You can determine whether your equipment is causing interference by turning it off. If the interference stops, it was probably caused by the Cisco equipment or one of its peripheral devices. If the equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, try to correct the interference by using one or more of the following measures:

Turn the television or radio antenna until the interference stops.

Move the equipment to one side or the other of the television or radio.

Move the equipment farther away from the television or radio.

Plug the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the television or radio. (That is, make certain the equipment and the television or radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit breakers or fuses.)

Modifications to this product not authorized by Cisco Systems, Inc. could void the FCC approval and negate your authority to operate the product.

The Cisco implementation of TCP header compression is an adaptation of a program developed by the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) as part of UCB’s public domain version of the UNIX operating system. All rights reserved. Copyright © 1981, Regents of the University of California.

NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER WARRANTY HEREIN, ALL DOCUMENT FILES AND SOFTWARE OF THESE SUPPLIERS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITH ALL FAULTS. CISCO AND THE ABOVE-NAMEDSUPPLIERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT OR ARISING FROM A COURSE OF DEALING, USAGE, OR TRADE PRACTICE.

IN NO EVENT SHALL CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, LOST PROFITS OR LOSS OR DAMAGE TO DATA ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS MANUAL, EVEN IF CISCO OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

CCSP, CCVP, the Cisco Square Bridge logo, Follow Me Browsing, and StackWise are trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn, and iQuick Study are service marks of Cisco Systems, Inc.; and Access Registrar, Aironet, ASIST, BPX, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, Cisco, the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, Cisco IOS, Cisco Press, Cisco Systems, Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems logo, Cisco Unity, Empowering the Internet Generation, Enterprise/Solver, EtherChannel, EtherFast, EtherSwitch, Fast Step, FormShare, GigaDrive, GigaStack, HomeLink, Internet Quotient, IOS, IP/TV, iQ Expertise, the iQ logo, iQ Net Readiness Scorecard, LightStream, Linksys, MeetingPlace, MGX, the Networkers logo, Networking Academy, Network Registrar, Packet, PIX,Post-Routing,Pre-Routing,ProConnect, RateMUX, ScriptShare, SlideCast, SMARTnet, StrataView Plus, TeleRouter, The Fastest Way to Increase Your Internet Quotient, and TransPath are registered trademarks of Cisco Systems, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries.

All other trademarks mentioned in this document or Website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. (0502R)

Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Hardware Installation Guide

Copyright © 2005 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

C O N T E N T S

 

Preface ix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Audience

ix

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organization

ix

 

 

 

 

 

Conventions

x

 

 

 

 

 

Related Documentation xii

 

 

 

Obtaining Documentation

xii

 

 

 

Cisco.com

xii

 

 

 

 

Documentation DVD

xii

 

 

 

Ordering Documentation xiii

 

 

 

Documentation Feedback

xiii

 

 

 

Cisco Product Security Overview

xiv

 

 

Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products

xiv

 

Obtaining Technical Assistance xv

 

 

Cisco Technical Support Website xv

 

 

Submitting a Service Request

xvi

 

 

Definitions of Service Request Severity xvii

 

 

Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

xvii

 

Product Overview

 

 

 

 

C H A P T E R 1

1-1

 

 

 

 

Features

1-1

 

 

 

 

 

Router Overview 1-2

Front Panels 1-3

Back Panels 1-4

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Contents

 

 

LEDs

1-5

 

 

 

 

Installation

 

 

 

C H A P T E R

2

2-1

 

 

 

 

Preparing for Installation

2-1

 

 

 

Safety 2-1

 

 

 

 

Unpacking the Box

2-4

 

 

 

Preventing Router Damage 2-4

 

 

 

Installing Your Router 2-5

 

 

 

Connecting Ethernet Devices

2-5

 

 

Connecting the G.SHDSL Line

2-9

 

 

Connecting a Terminal or PC

2-10

 

 

Connecting the Power Supply

2-10

 

 

Verifying the Router Installation 2-12

 

 

Mounting the Router 2-12

 

 

 

Where to Go from Here

2-15

 

 

 

Troubleshooting 3-1

 

 

C H A P T E R

3

 

 

 

 

Before You Call Your Cisco Reseller 3-1

 

 

Problems During First Startup 3-2

 

 

 

Problems After Router Is Running

3-4

 

 

Specifications and Cables

 

 

A P P E N D I X

A

A-1

 

System Specifications A-1

Port Connector Pinouts A-2

Cabling Specifications A-4

Ethernet Cable Specifications A-4

Maximum Cable Distances A-5

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Contents

G L O S S A R Y

I N D E X

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Contents

 

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Preface

This preface discusses the audience, organization, and conventions used in this guide. It also discusses related documentation and how to access electronic documentation.

Audience

This guide is intended for service technicians who have no experience installing routers; their goal is to connect the router to the network as quickly as possible.

Organization

This guide contains the following information:

Product Overview—Describes the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 routers and their features.

Installation—Provides information on preinstallation procedures, mounting and connecting the router, and verifying the router connections.

Troubleshooting—Describes problems with the router and how to identify and solve them.

Specifications and Cables—ProvidesCisco part numbers for cables that you can order and contains port connector pinouts and specifications for cables that you might need to provide.

Glossary—Describes terms and acronyms that you may find in this manual.

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Preface

Conventions

Conventions

This section describes the conventions used in this guide.

Note Meansreader take note. Notes contain helpful suggestions or references to additional information and material.

Caution This symbol meansreader be careful. In this situation, you might do something that could result in equipment damage or loss of data.

Warning This warning symbol means danger. You are in a situation that could cause bodily injury. Before you work on any equipment, be aware of the hazards involved with electrical circuitry and be familiar with the standard practices for preventing accidents.

Waarschuwing Dit waarschuwingssymbool betekent gevaar. U verkeert in een situatie die lichamelijk letsel kan veroorzaken. Voordat u aan enige apparatuur gaat werken, dient u zich bewust te zijn van de bij elektrische schakelingen betrokken risico's en dient u op de hoogte te zijn van standaard maatregelen om ongelukken te voorkomen.

Varoitus Tämä varoitusmerkki merkitsee vaaraa. Olet tilanteessa, joka voi johtaa ruumiinvammaan. Ennen kuin työskentelet minkään laitteiston parissa, ota selvää sähkökytkentöihin liittyvistä vaaroista ja tavanomaisista onnettomuuksien ehkäisykeinoista.

Attention Ce symbole d'avertissement indique un danger. Vous vous trouvez dans une situation pouvant causer des blessures ou des dommages corporels. Avant de travailler sur un équipement, soyez conscient des dangers posés par les circuits électriques etfamiliarisez-vousavec les procédures couramment utilisées pour éviter les accidents.

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Conventions

Warnung Dieses Warnsymbol bedeutet Gefahr. Sie befinden sich in einer Situation, die zu einer Körperverletzung führen könnte. Bevor Sie mit der Arbeit an irgendeinem Gerät beginnen, seien Sie sich der mit elektrischen Stromkreisen verbundenen Gefahren und der Standardpraktiken zur Vermeidung von Unfällen bewußt.

Avvertenza Questo simbolo di avvertenza indica un pericolo. La situazione potrebbe causare infortuni alle persone. Prima di lavorare su qualsiasi apparecchiatura, occorre conoscere i pericoli relativi ai circuiti elettrici ed essere al corrente delle pratiche standard per la prevenzione di incidenti.

Advarsel Dette varselsymbolet betyr fare. Du befinner deg i en situasjon som kan føre til personskade. Før du utfører arbeid på utstyr, må du vare oppmerksom på de faremomentene som elektriske kretser innebærer, samt gjøre deg kjent med vanlig praksis når det gjelder å unngå ulykker.

Aviso Este símbolo de aviso indica perigo.Encontra-senuma situação que lhe poderá causar danos físicos. Antes de começar a trabalhar com qualquer equipamento,familiarize-secom os perigos relacionados com circuitos eléctricos, e com quaisquer práticas comuns que possam prevenir possíveis acidentes.

¡Atención! Este símbolo de aviso significa peligro. Existe riesgo para su integridad física. Antes de manipular cualquier equipo, considerar los riesgos que entraña la corriente eléctrica y familiarizarse con los procedimientos estándar de prevención de accidentes.

Varning! Denna varningssymbol signalerar fara. Du befinner dig i en situation som kan leda till personskada. Innan du utför arbete på någon utrustning måste du vara medveten om farorna med elkretsar och känna till vanligt förfarande för att förebygga skador.

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Preface

Related Documentation

Related Documentation

In addition to this Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Hardware Installation Guide, the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 documentation set includes the following:

Quick Start Guide—SettingUp the Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router

Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Software Configuration Guide

Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Release Notes

Obtaining Documentation

Cisco documentation and additional literature are available on Cisco.com. Cisco also provides several ways to obtain technical assistance and other technical resources. These sections explain how to obtain technical information from Cisco Systems.

Cisco.com

You can access the most current Cisco documentation at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/home/home.htm

You can access the Cisco website at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com

You can access international Cisco websites at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/public/countries_languages.shtml

Documentation DVD

Cisco documentation and additional literature are available in a Documentation DVD package, which may have shipped with your product. The Documentation DVD is updated regularly and may be more current than printed documentation. The Documentation DVD package is available as a single unit.

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Preface

Documentation Feedback

Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order a Cisco Documentation DVD (product number DOC-DOCDVD=)from the Ordering tool or Cisco Marketplace.

Cisco Ordering tool:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/

Cisco Marketplace:

http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/

Ordering Documentation

You can find instructions for ordering documentation at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/es_inpck/pdi.htm

You can order Cisco documentation in these ways:

Registered Cisco.com users (Cisco direct customers) can order Cisco product documentation from the Ordering tool:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/partner/ordering/

Nonregistered Cisco.com users can order documentation through a local account representative by calling Cisco Systems Corporate Headquarters (California, USA) at 408 526-7208or, elsewhere in North America, by calling 1 800553-NETS(6387).

Documentation Feedback

You can send comments about technical documentation to bug-doc@cisco.com.

You can submit comments by using the response card (if present) behind the front cover of your document or by writing to the following address:

Cisco Systems

Attn: Customer Document Ordering

170 West Tasman Drive

San Jose, CA 95134-9883

We appreciate your comments.

 

 

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Preface

Cisco Product Security Overview

Cisco Product Security Overview

Cisco provides a free online Security Vulnerability Policy portal at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.ht ml

From this site, you can perform these tasks:

Report security vulnerabilities in Cisco products.

Obtain assistance with security incidents that involve Cisco products.

Register to receive security information from Cisco.

A current list of security advisories and notices for Cisco products is available at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt

If you prefer to see advisories and notices as they are updated in real time, you can access a Product Security Incident Response Team Really Simple Syndication (PSIRT RSS) feed from this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_psirt_rss_feed.html

Reporting Security Problems in Cisco Products

Cisco is committed to delivering secure products. We test our products internally before we release them, and we strive to correct all vulnerabilities quickly. If you think that you might have identified a vulnerability in a Cisco product, contact PSIRT:

Emergencies — security-alert@cisco.com

Nonemergencies — psirt@cisco.com

Tip We encourage you to use Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) or a compatible product to encrypt any sensitive information that you send to Cisco. PSIRT can work from encrypted information that is compatible with PGP versions 2.x through 8.x.

 

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Preface

Obtaining Technical Assistance

Never use a revoked or an expired encryption key. The correct public key to use in your correspondence with PSIRT is the one that has the most recent creation date in this public key server list:

http://pgp.mit.edu:11371/pks/lookup?search=psirt%40cisco.com&op=index&ex

act=on

In an emergency, you can also reach PSIRT by telephone:

1 877 228-7302

1 408 525-6532

Obtaining Technical Assistance

For all customers, partners, resellers, and distributors who hold valid Cisco service contracts, Cisco Technical Support provides 24-hour-a-day,award-winningtechnical assistance. The Cisco Technical Support Website on Cisco.com features extensive online support resources. In addition, Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) engineers provide telephone support. If you do not hold a valid Cisco service contract, contact your reseller.

Cisco Technical Support Website

The Cisco Technical Support Website provides online documents and tools for troubleshooting and resolving technical issues with Cisco products and technologies. The website is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport

Access to all tools on the Cisco Technical Support Website requires a Cisco.com user ID and password. If you have a valid service contract but do not have a user ID or password, you can register at this URL:

http://tools.cisco.com/RPF/register/register.do

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Preface

Obtaining Technical Assistance

Note Use the Cisco Product Identification (CPI) tool to locate your product serial number before submitting a web or phone request for service. You can access the CPI tool from the Cisco Technical Support Website by clicking theTools & Resources link under Documentation & Tools. ChooseCisco Product Identification Tool from the Alphabetical Indexdrop-downlist, or click theCisco Product Identification Tool link under Alerts & RMAs. The CPI tool offers three search options: by product ID or model name; by tree view; or for certain products, by copying and pastingshow command output. Search results show an illustration of your product with the serial number label location highlighted. Locate the serial number label on your product and record the information before placing a service call.

Submitting a Service Request

Using the online TAC Service Request Tool is the fastest way to open S3 and S4 service requests. (S3 and S4 service requests are those in which your network is minimally impaired or for which you require product information.) After you describe your situation, the TAC Service Request Tool provides recommended solutions. If your issue is not resolved using the recommended resources, your service request is assigned to a Cisco TAC engineer. The TAC Service Request Tool is located at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/servicerequest

For S1 or S2 service requests or if you do not have Internet access, contact the Cisco TAC by telephone. (S1 or S2 service requests are those in which your production network is down or severely degraded.) Cisco TAC engineers are assigned immediately to S1 and S2 service requests to help keep your business operations running smoothly.

To open a service request by telephone, use one of the following numbers:

Asia-Pacific:+61 2 8446 7411 (Australia: 1 800 805 227)

EMEA: +32 2 704 55 55

USA: 1 800 553-2447

For a complete list of Cisco TAC contacts, go to this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/techsupport/contacts

 

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Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

Definitions of Service Request Severity

To ensure that all service requests are reported in a standard format, Cisco has established severity definitions.

Severity 1 (S1)—Yournetwork is “down,” or there is a critical impact to your business operations. You and Cisco will commit all necessary resources around the clock to resolve the situation.

Severity 2 (S2)—Operationof an existing network is severely degraded, or significant aspects of your business operation are negatively affected by inadequate performance of Cisco products. You and Cisco will commitfull-timeresources during normal business hours to resolve the situation.

Severity 3 (S3)—Operationalperformance of your network is impaired, but most business operations remain functional. You and Cisco will commit resources during normal business hours to restore service to satisfactory levels.

Severity 4 (S4)—Yourequire information or assistance with Cisco product capabilities, installation, or configuration. There is little or no effect on your business operations.

Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

Information about Cisco products, technologies, and network solutions is available from various online and printed sources.

Cisco Marketplace provides a variety of Cisco books, reference guides, and logo merchandise. Visit Cisco Marketplace, the company store, at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/marketplace/

Cisco Press publishes a wide range of general networking, training and certification titles. Both new and experienced users will benefit from these publications. For current Cisco Press titles and other information, go to Cisco Press at this URL:

http://www.ciscopress.com

Packet magazine is the Cisco Systems technical user magazine for maximizing Internet and networking investments. Each quarter, Packetdelivers coverage of the latest industry trends, technology breakthroughs, and Cisco products and solutions, as well as network deployment and

 

 

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Obtaining Additional Publications and Information

troubleshooting tips, configuration examples, customer case studies, certification and training information, and links to scores of in-depthonline resources. You can access Packet magazine at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/packet

iQ Magazine is the quarterly publication from Cisco Systems designed to help growing companies learn how they can use technology to increase revenue, streamline their business, and expand services. The publication identifies the challenges facing these companies and the technologies to help solve them, usingreal-worldcase studies and business strategies to help readers make sound technology investment decisions. You can access iQ Magazine at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/go/iqmagazine

Internet Protocol Journal is a quarterly journal published by Cisco Systems for engineering professionals involved in designing, developing, and operating public and private internets and intranets. You can access the Internet Protocol Journal at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/ipj

World-classnetworking training is available from Cisco. You can view current offerings at this URL:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/learning/index.html

 

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C H A P T E R 1

Product Overview

The Cisco 828 router and SOHO 78 router can connect a corporate telecommuter or small office to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) over symmetrical high-data-ratedigital subscriber lines (SHDSLs) to the following sites:

Corporate LANs

Internet

The routers are capable of bridging and multiprotocol routing between LAN and WAN ports.

Features

Table 1-1 summarizes the features of the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 routers.

Table 1-1Summary of Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 Routers Features

Feature

Routers

Description

 

 

 

10BaseT Ethernet

All

Provides connection to 10BaseT

port(s)

 

(10-Mbps)Ethernet networks.

 

 

Compatible with 10/100-Mbps

 

 

devices.

 

 

 

G.SHDSL port

All

Provides connection to G.SHDSL

 

 

network.

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Router Overview

Table 1-1Summary of Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 Routers Features (continued)

Feature

Routers

Description

 

 

 

 

Flash memory

828

Onboard 12 MB of Flash

 

 

 

memory, upgradable to 20 MB.

 

SOHO 78

12 MB of Flash memory (not

 

 

 

upgradable).

 

 

 

 

Dynamic RAM

828

Onboard 16 MB of SDRAM,

(DRAM)

 

 

upgradable to 32 MB.

 

SOHO 78

Onboard 16 MB of SDRAM (not

 

 

 

upgradable).

 

 

 

 

Ease of installation

All

 

Color-codedports and cables to

 

 

 

reduce the chance of error.

 

 

 

 

Cisco IOS software

All

 

Supports Cisco IOS software.

 

 

 

 

Console port

All

 

Provides connection to terminal or

 

 

 

PC for software configuration using

 

 

 

command-lineinterface and for

 

 

 

troubleshooting.

 

 

 

 

Locking power

All

 

Locks power connector in place.

connector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall-mountfeature

All

 

Brackets on router bottom provide a

 

 

 

way to mount router on wall or

 

 

 

vertical surface.

 

 

 

 

Router Overview

This section shows the front and rear panels of each router, and identifies the function of each LED.

 

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Router Overview

Front Panels

Figure 1-1 andFigure 1-2 show the front panels of the Cisco 828 router and the SOHO 78 router.

Figure 1-1Cisco 828 Router Front Panel

OK

CD

RXD

TXD

G.

 

SHDSL

1

2

3

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

RXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TXD

 

 

ETHERNET

 

 

 

CISCO

 

800

SERIES

56629

Figure 1-2SOHO 78 Router Front Panel

OK

CD

RXD

TXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHDSL

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

ETHERNET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

56630

 

 

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1-3

 

 

 

Chapter 1 Product Overview

Router Overview

Back Panels

Figure 1-3 andFigure 1-4 show the back panels of the Cisco 828 router and the SOHO 78 router.

Figure 1-3Cisco 828 Router Back Panel

Ethernet ports

G.SHDSL port

Power switch

Connect Ethernet

Connect to external

l = On.

network device.

wall jack.

= Standby or no power output.

TO HUB

 

ETHERNET 10

 

Model

 

 

 

 

TO PC

 

BASE T

Cisco

828

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSOLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G.

+5

 

 

4

3

 

 

 

SHDSL

VDC

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TO HUB/TO PC

Console port

 

button

Connect PC or

 

(for Ethernet 4 port)

terminal.

Locking power

Determines cable

 

connector

type for Ethernet

 

Connect power

device connection.

 

supply.

56631

 

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Router Overview

Figure 1-4SOHO 78 Back Panel

Ethernet ports

G.SHDSL port

Connect Ethernet

Connect to external

network device.

wall jack.

Power switch l = On.

= Standby or no power output.

TO HUB

 

ETHERNET 10

 

Model

Cisco

 

 

 

TO PC

 

BASE T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSOLE

SOHO

78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G.

+5

 

 

4

3

 

 

 

 

SHDSL

VDC

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TO HUB/TO PC

Console port

 

button

Connect PC or

 

(for Ethernet 4 port)

terminal.

Locking power

Determines cable

 

connector

type for Ethernet

 

Connect power

device connection.

 

supply.

56632

LEDs

Table 1-2 summarizes the functions of the LEDs on the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 routers.

Table 1-2Functions of LEDs on the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 Routers

 

LED

Color

Function

 

 

 

 

 

OK LED

Green

On when power is supplied to the router and when the router

 

 

 

completes the self-testprocedure and begins operating.

 

 

 

 

 

G.SHDSL CD

Green

On when the G.SHDSL device is physically connected. Blinks

 

 

 

when the connection has a problem. See the “Troubleshooting”

 

 

 

chapter.

 

 

 

 

 

G.SHDSL RXD

Green

Blinks when the G.SHDSL port receives data.

 

 

 

 

 

G.SHDSL TXD

Green

Blinks when the G.SHDSL port sends data.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Router Overview

Table 1-2Functions of LEDs on the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 Routers (continued)

LED

Color

Function

 

 

 

ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, 4

Green

On when Ethernet device is connected. Blinks when the connection

 

 

has a problem. See the “Troubleshooting” chapter.

 

 

 

ETHERNET RXD

Green

Blinks when an Ethernet port receives a packet.

 

 

 

ETHERNET TXD

Green

Blinks when an Ethernet port sends a packet.

 

 

 

 

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C H A P T E R 2

Installation

This chapter provides information on the following topics:

Preparing for Installation

Preventing Router Damage

Installing Your Router

Verifying the Router Installation

Mounting the Router

Where to Go from Here

Preparing for Installation

This section provides information on safety, mounting of the router, and unpacking the contents of the router box.

Safety

This section discusses the safety warnings and electrostatic and router damage information for the Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 routers.

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Preparing for Installation

Warnings

Before installing the router, read the following warnings:

Warning Only trained and qualified personnel should be allowed to install or replace this equipment.

Warning Read the installation instructions before you connect the system to its power source.

Warning Before working on a system that has a standby/off switch, turn the power to standby and unplug the power cord.

Warning Before working on equipment that is connected to power lines, remove jewelry (including rings, necklaces, and watches). Metal objects will heat up when connected to power and ground and can cause serious burns or weld the metal object to the terminals.

Warning To avoid electric shock, do not connect safetyextra-lowvoltage (SELV) circuits totelephone-networkvoltage (TNV) circuits. LAN ports contain SELV circuits, and WAN ports contain TNV circuits. Some LAN and WAN ports both useRJ-45connectors. Use caution when connecting cables.

Warning Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to all national laws and regulations.

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Preparing for Installation

Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a transfer of electrostatic charge between bodies of different electrostatic potentials, such as an operator and a piece of electrical equipment. It occurs when electronic components are improperly handled, and it can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. Electrostatic discharge is more likely to occur with the combination of synthetic fibers and dry atmosphere.

Always use the following ESD-preventionprocedures when removing and replacing components:

Step 1 Wear anESD-preventivewrist strap that you provide, ensuring that it makes good skin contact.

Caution To properly guard against ESD damage and shocks, the wrist strap and cord must operate effectively. Always follow the guidelines in the preceding section,“Safety.”

Step 2 Do not touch any exposed contact pins or connector shells of interface ports that do not have a cable attached.

If cables are connected at one end only, do not touch the exposed pins at the unconnected end of the cable.

Note This router is intended for use in residential and commercial environments only.

Caution Periodically check the resistance value of the antistatic strap, which should be between 1 and 10 megohms (Mohms).

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Preventing Router Damage

Unpacking the Box

Table 2-1 lists the items that come with your router. All these items are in the accessory kit that is inside the box that your router came in. If any of the items is missing or damaged, contact your customer service representative.

Table 2-1Router Box Contents

Power cord (black)

Desktop power supply

Console cable (light blue)

DB-9-to-RJ-45adapter for use with console cable

xDSL cable (lavender)

Ethernet cable (yellow)

Product documentation

To prepare for installation, follow these steps:

Step 1 Remove the yellow Ethernet cable, light blue console cable, lavender xDSL cable, and product documentation from the box. Remove the desktop power supply and the black power cord from the accessory kit. Gather the Ethernet devices to be connected to the router: hub, server, workstation, or PC.

Step 2 Obtain the G.SHDSL line.

Step 3 If you plan to configure the software using a terminal or PC connected to the router, provide the terminal or PC.

Preventing Router Damage

Follow these guidelines when connecting devices to your router:

Connect the color-codedcables supplied by Cisco Systems to thecolor-codedports on the back panel of the router.

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

If you must supply your own cable, see the cabling specifications in Appendix A. If this appendix does not provide specifications for a particular cable, we strongly recommend ordering the cable from Cisco Systems.

Installing Your Router

To install the Cisco 828 router or the SOHO 78 router, you need to perform the following tasks in order:

Connect the Ethernet devices to the router.

Connect the G.SHDSL line.

Connect a terminal or PC to the router (for software configuration, using the command-lineinterface [CLI], or for troubleshooting).

Connect the router to the power source.

Verify the router installation.

Mount the router.

Connecting Ethernet Devices

Table 2-2 lists the types of Ethernet devices you can connect to the router, identifies the connections for each device, and tells the settings of the router TO HUB/TO PC button for Ethernet port 4 (the default setting is IN).

Table 2-2Ethernet Device Connections

 

 

 

 

 

Network

 

 

 

 

Router TO

Device

 

Network Device

 

Ethernet Cable

HUB/TO PC

Button

 

Connected to Router

Router Port

Type1

Button Setting

Setting2

 

Hub with equivalent to

ETHERNET port 4

Straight-through

IN

MDI (IN)

 

router TO HUB/TO PC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hub with equivalent to

ETHERNET port 4

Straight-through

OUT

MDI-X

 

router TO HUB/TO PC

 

 

 

(OUT)

 

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Table 2-2Ethernet Device Connections (continued)

 

 

 

 

Network

 

 

 

Router TO

Device

Network Device

 

Ethernet Cable

HUB/TO PC

Button

Connected to Router

Router Port

Type1

Button Setting

Setting2

Hub without equivalent to

ETHERNET port 4

Straight-through

OUT

MDI-X

router TO HUB/TO PC

 

 

 

(OUT)

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Server, PC, or workstation

ETHERNET port 4

Straight-through

OUT

 

 

 

 

 

Hub with equivalent to

ETHERNET port 1, 2,

Crossover

N/A

MDI (IN)

router TO HUB/TO PC

3

 

 

 

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hub with equivalent to

ETHERNET port 1, 2,

Straight-through

N/A

MDI-X

router TO HUB/TO PC

3

 

 

(OUT)

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hub without equivalent to

ETHERNET port 1, 2,

Crossover

N/A

MDI-X

router TO HUB/TO PC

3

 

 

(OUT)

button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Server, PC, or workstation

ETHERNET port 1, 2,

Straight-through

N/A

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.Cisco provides a yellow straight-throughcable. You provide crossover or additionalstraight-throughcables. For cable specifications, seeAppendix A.

2.Hub vendors choose different names for the button controlling cable selections. For this table, the

Cisco 1528 Micro Hub 10/100 with an MDI/MDI-Xbutton is assumed. Determine the button name and setting for your particular hub. See your hub documentation for details.

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Connecting Hubs

Before connecting a hub, see Table 2-2. To connect one of these devices, follow the steps inFigure 2-1.

Figure 2-1Connecting a Hub

1. Set TO HUB/TO PC button.

2.Connect yellow cable to ETHERNET 4 port on Cisco 828 or SOHO 78 router.

TO HUB

ETHERNET 10

 

TO PC

BASE T

 

 

4

3

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Model

 

Cisco

CONSOLE

828

Cisco 828 router

G.

 

SHDSL

+5 VDC

Cisco 1528 Micro Hub 10/100

 

 

 

 

 

1X

 

SPEED

 

 

 

 

2X

ETHERNET 3X

LED

 

 

 

 

100BaseTX

1

 

 

 

 

10BaseT

SOLID

2

3

4

 

5

6

 

 

BLINK

7

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

6X

 

 

 

 

 

 

7X

3.Connect other end of cable to hub.

4X

8X

 

 

56634

 

MDI

MDI-X

 

4.If applicable, check setting of hub equivalent of router

TO HUB/TO PC button.

To verify your hub connection, ensure that the appropriate Ethernet LED on the front panel is on after you have completed the router installation. For example, if you have connected the cable to Ethernet port 3, ensure that the ETHERNET 3 LED on the front panel is on.

If the LED is not on, see Table 3-2 inChapter 3 for troubleshooting information.

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation

Before connecting the server, PC, or workstation, see Table 2-2 to determine how to set the router TO HUB/TO PC button.

To connect one of these devices, follow the steps in Figure 2-2.

Figure 2-2Connecting a Server, PC, or Workstation

1. Set TO HUB/TO PC button.

Cisco 828 router

 

TO HUB

TO PC

ETHERNET 10

BASE T

 

Model Cisco 828

ETH

 

 

0

OK

LAN

SER

 

 

AUX

56635

3.Connect other end of cable to server, PC, or workstation.

To verify your connection, ensure that the appropriate Ethernet LED is on after the router installation. For example, if you have connected the cable to Ethernet port 4, ensure that the ETHERNET 4 LED on the front panel is on.

If the LED is not on, see Table 3-2 inChapter 3 for troubleshooting information.

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Connecting the G.SHDSL Line

The procedure for connecting the G.SHDSL line depends on the router and, in some cases, on your location. This section describes how to connect the G.SHDSL line to a cable wall jack.

Warning To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger telecommunication line cord.

Warning Do not work on the system or connect or disconnect cables during periods of lightning activity.

Figure 2-3Connecting an G.SHDSL Line to a Wall Jack

Cisco 828 router

TO HUB TO PC

ETHERNET 10

BASE T

 

4

3

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

Model

 

Cisco

CONSOLE

828

 

G.SHDSL

+5 VDC

56637

1.Connect lavender cable to G.SHDSL port.

2. Connect other end of cable to wall jack.

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Connecting a Terminal or PC

You can connect either a terminal or a PC for configuring the software, using the CLI, or for troubleshooting. To connect a terminal or PC, follow the steps in Figure 2-4.

Figure 2-4Connecting a Terminal or PC

Cisco 828 router

TO HUB TO PC

ETHERNET 10

BASE T

Model

Cisco

 

 

 

 

 

CONSOLE

828

 

 

 

4

3

 

G.SHDSL

+5 VDC

 

2

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1.Connect light blue cable to CONSOLE port.

3. Connect DB-Xconnector to terminal or PC.

DB-X-to-RJ-45adapter

56638

2.If necessary, connect other end of cable to DB-9-to-RJ-45adapter.

Connecting the Power Supply

The power supply on the Cisco 828 router and the SOHO 78 router has a light gray connector and provides dying gasp functionality. The dying gasp feature sends an alert to the router if the box shuts down. For example if there is a power problem at the remote site, the router sends a message to the DLSAM indicated that the router is going to be powered off.

To connect the power supply, follow the steps in Figure 2-5.

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Installing Your Router

Warning The device is designed to work with TN power systems.

Warning This product relies on the building’s installation forshort-circuit(overcurrent) protection. Ensure that a fuse or circuit breaker no larger than 120 VAC, 15A U.S. (240 VAC, 16A international) is used on the phase conductors (allcurrent-carryingconductors).

Warning This equipment is intended to be grounded. Ensure that the host is connected to earth ground during normal use.

Figure 2-5Connecting the Power Supply

1. Press power switch to standby ().

Cisco 828 router

TO HUB

 

ETHERNET 10

BASE T

Model

 

 

TO PC

 

Cisco

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSOLE

828

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.Connect power supply cable.

G.SHDSL

+5 VDC

56639

5. Press power switch to on ( ).

Desktop power supply

4. Connect other end

of power cord to 3. Connect power cord electrical outlet.

to power supply.

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Verifying the Router Installation

Verifying the Router Installation

Use this table to verify that you have properly installed the router.

Table 2-3Verifying Installation

Power/Link

LEDs to Check

Normal Patterns

 

 

 

Power

OK

On

 

 

 

To hub, server, PC,

ETHERNET 1, 2, 3, or 4;

LED is on when the Ethernet is physically

or workstation

ETHERNET RXD; and

connected to the appropriate port.

 

ETHERNET TXD

RXD: blinking when an Ethernet port receives

 

 

 

 

an Ethernet packet.

 

 

TXD: blinking when an Ethernet port sends an

 

 

Ethernet packet.

 

 

 

Mounting the Router

You can mount the router on one of the following surfaces:

A table or other horizontal surface

A wall or other vertical surface

Mounting on Table

Do not cover or obstruct the router air vents, which are located on the router sides.

Mounting on Wall

You can mount the router on a wall or other vertical surface, using the molded mounting brackets on the bottom of the router and two number-six,3/4-in.(M3.5 x 20 mm) screws. You must provide the screws.Figure 2-6 shows the mounting brackets.

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Mounting the Router

Caution If you are mounting the router on drywall, use two hollow wall anchors (1/8 in. with5/16-in.drill bit, or M3 with8-mmdrill bit) to secure the screws. If the screws are not properly anchored, the strain of the network cable connections could pull the router from the wall.

Figure 2-6Wall-MountingBrackets (Bottom of Router)

 

Front panel of router

 

Mounting

7

5

Mounting

bracket

8 in. (19.35 cm)

bracket

 

 

Bottom of router

11671

The following conditions must be met when you mount the router:

Because you will use the LEDs as status and problem indicators, the LEDs on the front panel must face upward and be easily visible.

The back panel must face downward to reduce strain on the cable connections.

The power supply must rest on a horizontal surface, such as the floor or a table. If the power supply is not supported, it might place strain on the power supply cable and cause it to disconnect from the connector on the router back panel.

To mount the router, follow the steps in Figure 2-7. The last page of this manual provides a template for measuring the distance between the screws.

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Mounting the Router

Figure 2-7Mounting the Router on a Wall

1.Secure two screws 758 inches (19.35 cm) apart in a wall and18 in. (0.32 cm) from

the wall.

 

 

 

 

.35

 

5

in

.

(19

 

 

 

 

 

7

8

 

 

 

Wall

 

 

 

 

Wall-mount

 

 

 

 

screw

 

 

 

 

cm)

Wall-mountscrew

1

ETHERNET4 3 2

RXD

TXD

18 in. (0.32 cm)

Wall

Screw

Maximum distance 6 ft (18 m)

3. Place power supply on horizontal surface.

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2-14

Front panel

OK

G

C

.

D

SHDSL

 

RXD

 

TXD

 

Mounting

brackets

2. Hang router on screws.

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Chapter 2 Installation

Where to Go from Here

Where to Go from Here

You have completed the hardware installation and are ready to configure the software. For information on how to use the CLI to configure the software, see the

Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Software Configuration Guide

 

 

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Chapter 2 Installation

Where to Go from Here

 

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C H A P T E R 3

Troubleshooting

This chapter describes problems that could occur with the Cisco 828 router and the SOHO 78 router hardware, describes possible reasons for the problems, and provides steps for solving the problems. The problems are grouped into the following areas:

Problems during first startup

Problems after the router has been up and running

For more information on problems that could occur with the software, refer to the

Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Software Configuration Guide.

Before You Call Your Cisco Reseller

Some of the solutions in this chapter instruct you to contact your Cisco reseller. Before you contact your reseller, gather the following information:

Router model and serial number (on the back panel)

Maintenance agreement or warranty information

Date you received the router

Brief description of the problem

Brief description of the steps you have taken to solve the problem

 

 

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Chapter 3 Troubleshooting

Problems During First Startup

Problems During First Startup

Table 3-1 lists problems that could occur the first time you turn on the power switch.

Table 3-1Problems During First Startup

Symptom

Problem

Solutions

 

 

 

All LEDs,

No power to the router.

Perform the following steps:

including the OK

 

 

1.

Make sure that the power switch is set to ON.

LED, are off.

 

 

 

 

2.

Make sure that all connections to and from the power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

supply are secure.

 

 

 

3.

Make sure that the power outlet has power.

 

 

 

4.

If the problem continues, the power supply might be

 

 

 

 

faulty. Contact your Cisco reseller.

 

 

 

No connection to

A cable-related

Perform the following steps:

Ethernet device.

problem:

1.

To make sure that you have cabled the device

(Ethernet LED is

 

 

Improperly

 

correctly, see Figure 2-1 orFigure 2-2 inChapter 2,

off.)

 

 

connected cable.

 

“Installation.”

 

 

 

 

Damaged cable.

2.

Make sure that the connectors at both ends of the

 

 

 

 

cable are securely seated.

 

 

 

3.

Make sure the cable is not physically damaged. If it

 

 

 

 

is damaged, order another cable from Cisco

 

 

 

 

Systems, or replace it with a similar cable.

 

 

 

 

Improperly set router

To make sure that you have set the buttons correctly, see

 

TO HUB/TO PC

Table 2-2 inChapter 2, “Installation.”

 

button or hub

 

 

 

equivalent of TO

 

 

 

HUB/TO PC button.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 3 Troubleshooting

 

 

Problems During First Startup

 

Table 3-1Problems During First Startup (continued)

 

 

 

Symptom

Problem

Solutions

 

 

 

No connection to

Wrong cable.

To make sure that you are using the correct cable, see

G.SHDSL link.

 

Appendix A.

(The CD LED on

 

 

 

the front panel is

 

 

 

off for a long

 

 

 

time.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Improperly connected

To make sure that you have cabled the router

 

cable.

properly, see Figure 2-3 inChapter 2, “Installation.”

 

 

Make sure that the connectors at both ends of the

 

 

cable are securely seated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chapter 3 Troubleshooting

Problems After Router Is Running

Problems After Router Is Running

Table 3-2 lists problems that could occur after the router has been up and running.

Table 3-2Problems After Router Is Running

Symptom

Problem

Solutions

 

 

 

Problems with the Ethernet

A cable-related

Perform the following steps:

connection. (Ethernet LED is

problem:

1. Make sure that the connectors at both

off.)

 

 

Disconnected

ends of the cable are secure.

 

 

 

cable.

2. Make sure that the cable is not

 

 

 

 

Damaged cable.

physically damaged. If it is damaged,

 

 

 

order another cable from Cisco

 

 

 

Systems, or replace it with a similar

 

 

 

cable.

 

 

 

Connection to the G.SHDSL

A cable-related

Perform the following steps:

line is intermittent or lost.

problem:

1. Make sure that the connectors at both

(The CD LED on the front

 

 

Disconnected

ends of the cable are secure.

panel is off.)

 

cable.

2. Make sure that the cable is not

 

 

 

 

 

 

Damaged cable.

physically damaged. If it is damaged,

 

 

 

order another cable from Cisco

 

 

 

Systems, or replace it with a similar

 

 

 

cable.

 

 

 

 

Problem with G.SHDSL

Contact your G.SHDSL line or WAN

 

line or WAN service.

service provider to determine whether there

 

 

 

is a problem.

 

 

 

 

 

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A P P E N D I X A

Specifications and Cables

This appendix provides system, port, and cabling specifications for the Cisco 828 router and the SOHO 78 router.

System Specifications

Table A-1 outlines the system specifications for the Cisco 828 router and the

SOHO 78 router.

Table A-1System Specifications

 

Description

Design Specification

 

 

 

 

 

 

Physical Dimensions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dimensions (H x W x D)

2.0 x 9.7 x 8.5 in. (5.1 x 24.6 x 21.6 cm)

 

 

 

 

Dimensions with cables connected (H x W X D)

2.0 x 9.7 x 10.3 in. (5.1 x 24.6 x 26.2 cm)

 

 

 

 

Weight (excludes desktop power supply)

Cisco 828 router: 1.47 lb (0.67 kg)

 

 

SOHO 78 router: 1.43 lb (0.65 kg)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental Operating Ranges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating temperature

–4to 149°F(–20to 65°C)

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating humidity

5 to 95%, relative humidity

 

 

 

 

Nonoperating altitude

0 to 15,000 ft (4570 m)

 

 

 

 

Operating temperature

32 to 104°F (0 to 40°C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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A-1

 

 

 

Appendix A Specifications and Cables

Port Connector Pinouts

Table A-1System Specifications (continued)

Description

 

Design Specification

 

 

 

Operating humidity

 

10 to 85%, relative humidity

 

 

 

Operating altitude

 

0 to 10,000 ft (3000 m)

 

 

 

 

Router Power

 

 

 

 

 

 

AC input voltage

 

100 to 240V

 

 

 

Frequency

 

50 to 60 Hz

 

 

 

Power consumption

 

15W maximum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For information on regulatory compliance, see the Regulatory Compliance and

 

 

 

 

Safety Information for Cisco 828 and SOHO 78 Routers document that shipped

 

 

 

 

with your router.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warning

Ultimate disposal of this product should be handled according to

 

 

 

 

all national laws and regulations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Port Connector Pinouts

This section provides pinouts for the following connectors:

Ethernet— See Table A-2, Table A-4, andTable A-5

Console (for connecting a terminal or PC)—SeeTable A-3

 

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Appendix A Specifications and Cables

 

 

 

 

 

Port Connector Pinouts

 

Table A-2Cisco 828 Router and SOHO 78 Router Ethernet Connector Pinouts

 

(RJ-45)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Function

Function

 

 

(TO HUB/TO PC Button –

(TO HUB/TO PC Button –

Pin

 

IN Position)

OUT Position)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

TX+

RX+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

TX–

RX–

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

RX+

TX+

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

Unused

Unused

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Unused

Unused

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

RX–

TX–

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

Unused

Unused

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

Unused

Unused

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table A-3Console Connector Pinouts(RJ-45)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pin

 

 

Function

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

RTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

DTR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

TXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

GND

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

GND

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

RXD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

DSR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

CTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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A-3

 

 

 

Appendix A Specifications and Cables

Cabling Specifications

The console port is configured as a data communications equipment (DCE) device. The default parameters for the console port are as follows:

9600 baud

8 data bits

No parity

One stop bit

Cabling Specifications

This section provides specifications for the following types of Ethernet cables, which you might need to provide:

Straight-through

Crossover

This section also provides information on Ethernet cable distance limitations.

Ethernet Cable Specifications

Table A-4 provides the specifications forstraight-throughand crossover Ethernet cables. See the Glossary for definitions forstraight-throughand crossover Ethernet cables.

Table A-4Ethernet Cable Specifications

Type

Category

Shielding

 

 

 

10BaseT

Category 3 or 5

Shielded twisted-pair(STP)

 

 

 

10BaseT

Unshielded twisted-pair(UTP)

 

 

 

 

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Appendix A Specifications and Cables

Cabling Specifications

Maximum Cable Distances

Table A-5 shows the maximum distances of Ethernet and xDSL cables that you can use.

Table A-5Maximum Cable Distances

Cable

Maximum Distance

 

 

Ethernet cable

328 ft (100 m)

 

 

xDSL cable

500 ft (152 m)

 

 

 

 

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A-5

 

 

 

Appendix A Specifications and Cables

Cabling Specifications

 

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G L O S S A R Y

Numerics

10BaseT

The 10-Mbpsbaseband Ethernet specification that uses two pairs oftwisted-pair

 

cabling (Category 3 or 5): one pair for transmitting data and the other for

 

receiving data.

C

carrier detect (CD)

Signal that indicates whether the G.SHDSL line is active.

crossover Ethernet

A cable that wires a pin to its opposite pin; for example, RX+ is wired to TX+.

cable

A crossover Ethernet cable connects two similar devices, such as two data

 

terminal equipment (DTE) or data communications equipment (DCE) devices.

D

DRAM

Dynamic RAM. RAM that stores information that must be refreshed periodically

 

in capacitors.

 

 

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GL-1

 

 

 

Glossary

E

EMI

Electromagnetic interference. Interference by electromagnetic signals that can

 

cause reduced data integrity and increased error rates on transmission channels.

ESD

Electrostatic discharge. A transfer of electrostatic charge between bodies of

 

different electrostatic potentials, such as an operator and a piece of electrical

 

equipment. ESD occurs when electronic components are improperly handled

 

and can damage equipment and impair electrical circuitry. ESD is more likely to

 

occur in the presence of synthetic fibers and dry atmosphere.

F

Flash memory

G

G.SHDSL

The nonvolatile storage that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed so that data can be stored, booted, and rewritten as necessary.

Symmetrical high-data-ratedigital subscriber line technology that enableshigh-speedtransmission over the “last mile” between the service provider and the customer site.

M

MDI

MDI-X

Media-dependentinterface. A port on an Ethernet network device used to connect the device to the Ethernet network, usually through a hub or switch.

Media-dependentinterface, crossover. A port on an Ethernet hub, such as the Cisco 1528 Micro Hub 10/100, that connects the Ethernet network devices through the MDI port to create a network.

 

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Glossary

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

SELV

Safety extra-lowvoltage. A secondary circuit that under normal conditions has

 

 

a voltage less than 42.4V peak or 42 VDC. Under a single fault condition, this

 

 

circuit should not exceed these values for longer than 0.2 second and should not

 

 

exceed 71V peak or 120 VDC.

 

straight-through

A cable that wires a pin to its equivalent pin. This cable typically connects a

 

Ethernet cable

router to a hub. A straight-throughEthernet cable is the most common cable

 

 

used.

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

TO HUB/TO PC

With this button, you can connect hubs, servers, PCs, and workstations, using

 

button

the yellow Ethernet (straight-through)cable instead of a crossover Ethernet

 

 

cable, which you would need to supply. This button identifies the device that you

 

 

connect to the router Ethernet port. Setting the button to the TO HUB position

 

 

(in) indicates that you are connecting a hub; setting the button to the TO PC

 

 

position (out) indicates that you are connecting a server, PC, or workstation.

 

 

 

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GL-3

 

 

 

Glossary

 

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Numerics

10BaseT Ethernet ports 1-1

A

accessory kit 2-4

AC input voltage A-2 adapter, included2-4 altitude specificationsA-1

B

back panels, illustrated 1-4 brackets, illustrated2-13

I N D E X

caution statements, defined x

Cisco reseller, contacting 3-1 connecting

Ethernet devices 2-5

G.SHDSL line 2-9 hubs2-7

PC 2-8, 2-10 power supply2-10 server2-8

terminal or PC 2-10 workstation2-8

console port 1-2

console port, illustrated 1-4, 1-5 conventions, hazardx

D

C

 

 

 

dynamic RAM

1-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and router damage

2-4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

Ethernet, types of

2-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

included with router

2-4

 

electrostatic damage, preventing 2-3

cabling

 

 

 

Ethernet cable

 

 

 

 

distances, maximum

A-5

 

specifications

A-5

 

specifications A-4

 

 

 

types of 2-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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IN-1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index

Ethernet devices, connecting 2-5

 

verifying 2-12

 

Ethernet LEDs 2-12

 

 

installing the router

2-5

Ethernet port, illustrated

1-3, 1-4

 

 

 

ETHERNET RXD LED 2-12

 

 

 

 

L

 

ETHERNET TXD LED

2-12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LED functions 1-5

 

 

 

 

see also troubleshooting 3-2

F

 

 

 

verifying installation 2-12

 

 

 

feature summary 1-1

 

 

locking power connector, illustrated 1-4, 1-5

Flash memory 1-2

 

 

 

 

frequency specifications

A-2

 

 

 

 

M

 

front panels, illustrated

1-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mounting the router

2-12

G

G.SHDSL 1-1

G.SHDSL line, connecting 2-9

G.SHDSL port, illustrated 1-3, 1-4

H

hazard statements, defined x hubs, connecting2-7 humidity specificationsA-1

I

installation

preparing for 2-1

P

panels

back, illustrated 1-4 front, illustrated1-3

PC, connecting 2-8, 2-10 pinoutsA-2

port connector pinouts A-2 power

problems 3-2

specifications A-2

power connector, locking 1-2

power supply

connecting 2-10

power switch illustrated 1-4, 1-5

 

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Index

preinstallation activities 2-4 problems

after router is running 3-4 during first startup3-2

R

related documentation xii router

unpacking 2-4, ?? to 2-4 router damage, preventing2-4

S

safety warnings 2-2 server, connecting2-8 specifications

cabling A-4 systemA-1

startup problems 3-2

symmetrical high-data-ratedigital subscriber line (SHDSL)1-1

TO HUB/TO PC button settings 2-5

troubleshooting 3-1

U

unpacking the router 2-4, ?? to 2-4

V

voltage specifications A-2

W

wall brackets, illustrated 2-13 wall mounting2-12, 2-14 warnings, installation2-2 weight specificationsA-1 workstation, connecting2-8

T

table mounting 2-12 temperature specificationsA-1 terminal, connecting2-10

TO HUB/TO PC buttons, illustrated 1-3, 1-4

 

 

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IN-3

 

 

 

Index

 

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