Cabletron Systems 7C04-R User Manual
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®

Portable Management Application

for the

7C03, 7C04, and 7C04-R

SmartSwitch Hubs

User’s Guide

The Complete Networking Solution

Notice

Cabletron Systems reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult Cabletron Systems to determine whether any such changes have been made.

The hardware, firmware, or software described in this manual is subject to change without notice.

IN NO EVENT SHALL CABLETRON SYSTEMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS MANUAL OR THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CABLETRON SYSTEMS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF, KNOWN, OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN, THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

Virus Disclaimer

Cabletron has tested its software with current virus checking technologies. However, because no anti-virussystem is 100% reliable, we strongly caution you to write protect and then verify that the Licensed Software, prior to installing it, isvirus-freewith ananti-virussystem in which you have confidence.

Cabletron Systems makes no representations or warranties to the effect that the Licensed Software is virus-free.

Copyright © 1996 by Cabletron Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Order Number: 9031977-E1October 1996

Cabletron Systems, Inc.

P.O. Box 5005

Rochester, NH 03866-5005

SPECTRUM, MiniMMAC, FNB, Multi Media Access Center, and DNIare registered trademarks, and Portable Management Application, IRM, IRM2, IRM3, IRBM, ESXMIM, ETSMIM, EMME, EMM-E6, ETWMIM, FDMMIM, FDCMIM, MicroMMAC, MRXI, MRXI-24, NB20E, NB25E, NB30, NB35E, NBR, SEHI, STHI, TRBMIM, TRMM, TRMM-2, TRMM-4, TRMMIM, TRXI, Media Interface Module, MIM, and Flexible Network Busare trademarks of Cabletron Systems, Inc.

UNIX andOPENLOOK are trademarks of Unix System Laboratories, Inc.OSF/Motif andMotif are trademarks of the Open Software Foundation, Inc.X Window System is a trademark of X Consortium, Inc.Ethernet andXNS are trademarks of Xerox Corporation.Apple andAppleTalk are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.Banyan is a registered trademark of Banyan Systems, Inc.DECnet is a registered trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.Novell is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc.CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe.Sun Microsystems is a registered trademark, andSun,SunNet, andOpenWindows are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

i

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(Applicable to licenses to the United States Government only.)

1.Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013.

Cabletron Systems, Inc., 35 Industrial Way, Rochester, New Hampshire 03867-0505.

2.(a) This computer software is submitted with restricted rights. It may not be used, reproduced, or disclosed by the Government except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Notice or as otherwise expressly stated in the contract.

(b)This computer software may be:

(1)Used or copied for use in or with the computer or computers for which it was acquired, including use at any Government installation to which such computer or computers may be transferred;

(2)Used or copied for use in a backup computer if any computer for which it was acquired is inoperative;

(3)Reproduced for safekeeping (archives) or backup purposes;

(4)Modified, adapted, or combined with other computer software, provided that the modified, combined, or adapted portions of the derivative software incorporating restricted computer software are made subject to the same restricted rights;

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(6)Used or copied for use in or transferred to a replacement computer.

(c)Notwithstanding the foregoing, if this computer software is published copyrighted computer software, it is licensed to the Government, without disclosure prohibitions, with the minimum rights set forth in paragraph (b) of this clause.

(d)Any other rights or limitations regarding the use, duplication, or disclosure of this computer software are to be expressly stated in, or incorporated in, the contract.

(e)This Notice shall be marked on any reproduction of this computer software, in whole or in part.

ii

Contents

Chapter 1

Introduction to SPMA

 

 

for the 7C0x SmartSwitch

 

 

Using the 7C0x SmartSwitch User’s Guide...............................................................

1-2

 

What’s NOT in the 7C0x SmartSwitch User’s Guide . . . .................................

1-4

 

Conventions...................................................................................................................

1-5

 

Screen Displays ......................................................................................................

1-5

 

Using the Mouse ....................................................................................................

1-7

 

Getting Help ..................................................................................................................

1-8

 

7C0x SmartSwitch Firmware.......................................................................................

1-8

Chapter 2

Using the 7C0x SmartSwitch

 

 

Hub View

 

 

Using the Hub View .....................................................................................................

2-1

 

Navigating Through the Hub View ....................................................................

2-2

 

Hub View Front Panel...........................................................................................

2-3

 

Using the Mouse in a Hub View Module...........................................................

2-4

 

Monitoring Hub Performance.....................................................................................

2-5

 

Selecting the Application Display Mode............................................................

2-6

 

COM Port and FDDI Front Panel Displays.................................................

2-8

 

FDDI Port Display Forms.......................................................................

2-8

 

FDDI Color Codes .................................................................................

2-10

 

The Switch Application Display.................................................................

2-10

 

Switch Port Display Forms ..................................................................

2-11

 

Switch Port Color Codes ......................................................................

2-12

 

The Bridge Application Display .................................................................

2-13

 

Bridge Port Display Forms...................................................................

2-13

 

Bridge Port Color Codes.......................................................................

2-15

 

The Interface Application Display .............................................................

2-15

 

Interface Port Display Forms...............................................................

2-16

 

Interface Port Color Codes...................................................................

2-20

 

Viewing Device Configuration ..........................................................................

2-20

 

Viewing the Interface List...................................................................................

2-22

 

Viewing Switch Status.........................................................................................

2-23

 

Viewing the Source Address List.......................................................................

2-24

 

Managing the Hub......................................................................................................

2-25

 

Launching SPMA Tools from the Hub View....................................................

2-25

 

Module Utilities ............................................................................................

2-26

 

MIB I, II ..........................................................................................................

2-26

iii

Contents

 

Find MAC Address.......................................................................................

2-26

 

UPS..................................................................................................................

2-27

 

Accessing FDDI Management............................................................................

2-27

 

Accessing ATM Management.............................................................................

2-28

 

Accessing Bridge Management..........................................................................

2-28

 

Setting the Polling Intervals ...............................................................................

2-28

 

Port Configuration ...............................................................................................

2-30

 

Configuring Ethernet and FDDI Ports.......................................................

2-30

 

Configuring Fast Ethernet Ports .................................................................

2-32

 

Setting the Desired Operational Mode...............................................

2-35

 

Configuring COM Ports...............................................................................

2-36

 

Enabling and Disabling Bridge Ports................................................................

2-38

Chapter 3

Basic Alarm Configuration

 

 

About Basic Alarms ......................................................................................................

3-1

 

Launching the Basic Alarm Application.............................................................

3-2

 

Viewing Alarm Status...................................................................................................

3-3

 

How Rising and Falling Thresholds Work .........................................................

3-6

 

Configuring an Alarm ..................................................................................................

3-7

 

Disabling an Alarm .......................................................................................................

3-9

 

Viewing an Alarm Log ...............................................................................................

3-10

Chapter 4

FDDI Management

 

 

Port Configuration ........................................................................................................

4-2

 

Enabling or Disabling FDDI Ports.......................................................................

4-5

 

Charts, Graphs, and Meters..................................................................................

4-5

 

Viewing the FDDI Port Chart........................................................................

4-6

 

Changing the Measurement of Data.....................................................

4-7

 

Viewing FDDI Port Meters ............................................................................

4-7

 

Viewing FDDI Port Graphs ...........................................................................

4-8

 

Alarm Configuration ....................................................................................................

4-9

 

SMT/MAC Configuration .........................................................................................

4-13

 

Charts, Graphs, and Meters................................................................................

4-17

 

Viewing the FDDI MAC Chart ...................................................................

4-18

 

Changing the Measurement of Data...................................................

4-19

 

Viewing FDDI MAC Meters........................................................................

4-19

 

Viewing FDDI MAC Graphs.......................................................................

4-20

 

Configuring the SMT Connection Policy.................................................................

4-21

 

FDDI Connection Rules.......................................................................................

4-22

 

Special Ring Configurations........................................................................

4-23

 

Defining Your Connection Policy ......................................................................

4-23

 

Viewing the Station List .............................................................................................

4-24

iv

 

 

Contents

Chapter 5

ATM Configuration

 

 

Accessing the AToM MIB Window.............................................................................

5-1

 

Configuring Connections.............................................................................................

5-4

Chapter 6

Using the 7C0x SmartSwitch

 

 

Bridge View

 

 

Bridging Basics ..............................................................................................................

6-1

 

Transparent Bridging.............................................................................................

6-2

 

Accessing the Bridge Traffic View Window ..............................................................

6-2

 

Navigating Through the Bridge Traffic View ....................................................

6-3

 

Bridge Traffic View Front Panel...........................................................................

6-4

 

The Bridge Port Display........................................................................................

6-6

 

Choosing Bridge Traffic Information: Bridge Traffic View Buttons................

6-6

 

Using the Detail View Window ..................................................................................

6-8

 

Changing Ports in the Detail View....................................................................

6-10

 

The Bridge Status Window ........................................................................................

6-11

 

The Bridge Statistics Window ...................................................................................

6-11

 

The Filtering Database Window ...............................................................................

6-13

 

Viewing the Filtering Database..........................................................................

6-14

 

Changing the Filtering Database Dynamic Ageing Time ..............................

6-17

 

Changing Forwarding and Static Database Entries........................................

6-18

 

Deleting a Static Table Entry .......................................................................

6-19

 

Finding a Filtering Database MAC Address....................................................

6-20

 

The Spanning Tree Protocol Window.......................................................................

6-20

 

Changing Spanning Tree Parameters................................................................

6-24

 

The Spanning Tree Port Parameters Window.........................................................

6-25

 

Changing a Port’s STA Parameters....................................................................

6-27

 

Creating Bridge Traffic Charts, Graphs, and Meters..............................................

6-27

 

The Bridge Port Forwarding Statistics Window.....................................................

6-28

 

Port Forwarding Statistics Window Fields ......................................................

6-29

 

Configuring Forwarding Thresholds .......................................................................

6-30

 

Viewing the Forwarding Log ....................................................................................

6-33

 

Changing Polling Intervals........................................................................................

6-35

 

Enabling and Disabling Ports....................................................................................

6-36

 

Enabling and Disabling a Transparent Bridge Port ........................................

6-36

Appendix A 7C0x SmartSwitch MIB Structure

 

 

IETF MIB Support ........................................................................................................

A-1

 

7C0x SmartSwitch MIB Structure ..............................................................................

A-1

 

A Brief Word About MIB Components and Community Names ..................

A-3

Index

v

Contents

vi

Chapter 1

Introduction to SPMA

for the 7C0x SmartSwitch

How to use the 7C0x SmartSwitch User’s Guide; manual conventions; contacting Cabletron Technical Support; 7C0x SmartSwitch firmware versions supported by SPMA

Your SPMA for the 7C0x SmartSwitch management module provides management support for all three models in the 7C0x SmartSwitch family. The 7C03 MMAC SmartSwitch functions as a chassis within a chassis; residing in anMMAC-serieshub, it occupies two module slots and provides three slots of its own — one for the 7X00 SmartSwitch Control Module, and two for its own family of Network Interface Modules, or NIMs. The7C04 Workgroup SmartSwitch is astand-alonechassis that offers four slots: one for the controller, and three for NIMs. The7C04-R Workgroup SmartSwitch supplies all the features of the 7C04 along with the additional fault tolerance provided by a pair of redundantload-sharingpower supplies and a removable fan tray. The7C04-Rcan also accept the newdouble-wideNIM modules (in slots 3 and 4) for additional front panel connectivity.

The 7C03 MMAC SmartSwitch chassis provides no network connection to the MMAC TIP backplane (from which it draws only power). If you wish to connect one or more networks

from the MMAC chassis to the SmartSwitch chassis, you must do so via the front panel ports available on both the MMAC MIMs and the SmartSwitch NIMs.

At the heart of each 7C0x SmartSwitch hub is its 7X00 SmartSwitch Control Module, which supervises access to the switching backplane and performs all forwarding, filtering, and connection management functions; a variety of NIM modules provide connectivity for FDDI, Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, and ATM networks. NIM modules currently available include:

1-1

Introduction to SPMA for the 7C0x SmartSwitch

The 7E03-24,asingle-slotEthernet module that provides 24 ports via two RJ71 connectors.

The 7E02-24,adouble-wideEthernet module for the7C04-Rwhich provides 24 ports via RJ45 connectors.

The 7F06-02,which provides connectivity for two FDDI ring networks via its twofront-panelFPIM slots; FPIM modules that support bothmulti-modefiber andsingle-modefiber (both with MIC connectors) and both shielded and unshielded twisted pair (with RJ45 connectors) are available.

The 7H02-06,which provides six Fast Ethernet connections — the first via a Fast Ethernet Port Interface Module slot, and an additional five viabuilt-inCategory 5 UTP RJ45 connectors. Two Fast Ethernet port modules are available: theFE-100FX,which provides a singlemulti-modefiber port with an SC connector; and theFE-100TX,with a single Category 5 UTP RJ45 connector.

The 7H02-12,adouble-widemodule which provides 12 Fast Ethernet connections — the first via a Fast Ethernet Port Interface Module slot, and another 11 viabuilt-inUTP RJ45s.

The 7H06-02 Fast Ethernet uplink module, which provides two Fast Ethernet connections via Fast Ethernet Port Interface Module slots.

The 7A06-01,which provides a redundant ATM uplink connection via two front panel ATM Port Interface Module slots. Available APIMs provide connectivity for all standard ATM speeds and media types.

The available modules provide your SmartSwitch hub with key mission-criticalfeatures such as redundant links, alarm thresholding, and full error breakdown; Ethernet modules also provideper-portRMON support. By default, the 7X00 performs traditional switching (or bridging); depending on the version of firmware you have installed, the 7X00 module can also be configured to perform Cabletron’s SecureFast switching.

 

Not all released firmware versions support the ability to select SecureFast switching;

NOTE

check your hardware manuals to see if your version of firmware supports this feature.

 

Currently, the toggle from traditional bridging to SecureFast switching is performed via

 

Local Management; see your Local Management documentation for details.

Note that because the 7C03, 7C04, and 7C04-Rprovide the same functionality and support the same family of NIM modules (with the exception of thedouble-widemodules, which can be installed only in a7C04-R),they will be referred to collectively throughout this manual as the 7C0x SmartSwitch. Where significant differences exist, they will be noted.

1-2