Cabletron Systems 2000 User Manual
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SmartSwitch 2000

User’s Guide

Notice

Cabletron Systems reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult Cabletron Systems to determine whether any such changes have been made.

The hardware, firmware, or software described in this manual is subject to change without notice.

IN NO EVENT SHALL CABLETRON SYSTEMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS MANUAL OR THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CABLETRON SYSTEMS HAS BEEN ADVISED OF, KNOWN, OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN, THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

Virus Disclaimer

Cabletron has tested its software with current virus checking technologies. However, because no anti-virussystem is 100% reliable, we strongly caution you to write protect and then verify that the Licensed Software, prior to installing it, isvirus-freewith ananti-virussystem in which you have confidence.

Cabletron Systems makes no representations or warranties to the effect that the Licensed Software is virus-free.

Copyright 1999 by Cabletron Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Order Number: 9032167-03April 1999

Cabletron Systems, Inc.

P.O. Box 5005

Rochester, NH 03866-5005

SPECTRUM, MiniMMAC, FNB, Multi Media Access Center, and DNIare registered trademarks, and Portable Management Application, IRM, IRM2, IRM3, IRBM, ETSMIM, EFDMIM, EMME, ETWMIM, FDMMIM, FDCMIM, MRXI, MRXI-24, NB20E, NB25E, NB30, NB35E, SEHI, TRBMIM, TRMM, TRMMIM, TRXI, Media Interface Module, MIM, and Flexible Network Busare trademarks of Cabletron Systems, Inc.

UNIX andOPENLOOK is a trademark of Unix System Laboratories, Inc.OSF/Motif andMotif are trademarks of the Open Software Foundation, Inc.X Window System is a trademark of Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Ethernet andXNS are trademarks of Xerox Corporation.Apple andAppleTalk are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.Banyan is a registered trademark of Banyan Systems, Inc.DECnet is a registered trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.Novell is a registered trademark of Novell, Inc.CompuServe is a registered trademark of CompuServe.Sun Microsystems is a registered trademark, andSun,SunNet, andOpenWindows are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

i

Restricted Rights Notice

(Applicable to licenses to the United States Government only.)

1.Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013.

Cabletron Systems, Inc., 35 Industrial Way, Rochester, New Hampshire 03867-0505.

2.(a) This computer software is submitted with restricted rights. It may not be used, reproduced, or disclosed by the Government except as provided in paragraph (b) of this Notice or as otherwise expressly stated in the contract.

(b)This computer software may be:

(1)Used or copied for use in or with the computer or computers for which it was acquired, including use at any Government installation to which such computer or computers may be transferred;

(2)Used or copied for use in a backup computer if any computer for which it was acquired is inoperative;

(3)Reproduced for safekeeping (archives) or backup purposes;

(4)Modified, adapted, or combined with other computer software, provided that the modified, combined, or adapted portions of the derivative software incorporating restricted computer software are made subject to the same restricted rights;

(5)Disclosed to and reproduced for use by support service contractors in accordance with subparagraphs (b) (1) through (4) of this clause, provided the Government makes such disclosure or reproduction subject to these restricted rights; and

(6)Used or copied for use in or transferred to a replacement computer.

(c)Notwithstanding the foregoing, if this computer software is published copyrighted computer software, it is licensed to the Government, without disclosure prohibitions, with the minimum rights set forth in paragraph (b) of this clause.

(d)Any other rights or limitations regarding the use, duplication, or disclosure of this computer software are to be expressly stated in, or incorporated in, the contract.

(e)This Notice shall be marked on any reproduction of this computer software, in whole or in part.

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Contents

Chapter 1

Introduction

 

 

Using the SmartSwitch 2000 User’s Guide................................................................

1-5

 

Related Manuals............................................................................................................

1-6

 

Software Conventions ..................................................................................................

1-7

 

Using the Mouse ....................................................................................................

1-7

 

Common SmartSwitch 2000 Window Fields .....................................................

1-8

 

Using Window Buttons.......................................................................................

1-10

 

Getting Help ................................................................................................................

1-10

 

Using On-line Help..............................................................................................

1-10

 

Accessing On-line Documentation....................................................................

1-11

 

Getting Help from the Cabletron Systems Global Call Center .....................

1-11

 

SmartSwitch 2000 Firmware......................................................................................

1-12

Chapter 2

The SmartSwitch 2000 Chassis View

 

 

Viewing Chassis Information ......................................................................................

2-2

 

Front Panel Information........................................................................................

2-3

 

Menu Structure.......................................................................................................

2-4

 

Port Status Displays.............................................................................................

2-11

 

Selecting a Port Status View........................................................................

2-12

 

Port Status Color Codes...............................................................................

2-16

 

The Chassis Physical View .................................................................................

2-16

 

The Chassis Manager Window ..........................................................................

2-17

 

Viewing Hardware Types ...................................................................................

2-18

 

Device Type ...................................................................................................

2-18

 

Module Type..................................................................................................

2-19

 

Connection Type ...........................................................................................

2-19

 

Interface Description ....................................................................................

2-20

 

Viewing I/F Summary Information..................................................................

2-20

 

Interface Performance Statistics/Bar Graphs ...........................................

2-21

 

Viewing Interface Detail ..............................................................................

2-23

 

Making Sense of Detail Statistics.........................................................

2-25

 

Using Find Source Address Functions.....................................................................

2-26

 

Using the Device Find Source Address Option...............................................

2-26

 

Using the Device Find Source Address Option

 

 

on Ethernet MicroLAN Switches................................................................

2-27

 

Using the Find Source Address Feature ...........................................................

2-29

 

Managing the Hub......................................................................................................

2-30

 

Configuring Ports ................................................................................................

2-30

 

Configuring Standard Ethernet and FDDI Ports .....................................

2-31

iii

Contents

 

Configuring Fast Ethernet Ports on First Generation Devices ...............

2-33

 

Setting the Desired Operational Mode...............................................

2-36

 

Configuring Ethernet Ports on Second Generation Devices ..................

2-38

 

Operational Mode Fields......................................................................

2-40

 

Setting the Desired Operational Mode...............................................

2-41

 

Auto Negotiation Technologies ...........................................................

2-42

 

Setting Advertised Abilities for Auto Negotiation ...........................

2-43

 

Configuring the COM Port..........................................................................

2-43

 

Using an Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS) ......................................

2-45

 

Accessing the UPS Window .................................................................

2-46

 

Setting the UPS ID .................................................................................

2-48

 

Using the Test Option............................................................................

2-48

 

Using the Disconnect Option...............................................................

2-48

 

Redirecting Traffic on the SmartSwitch 2000 ...................................................

2-48

 

Priority Configuration.........................................................................................

2-50

 

Configuring Priority Queuing Based on Receive Port ............................

2-51

 

Configuring Priority Queuing Based on MAC-layer Information ........

2-54

 

Configuring Priority Queuing Based on Packet Type .............................

2-56

 

The System Resources Window .........................................................................

2-58

 

Reserving CPU Bandwidth .........................................................................

2-60

 

802.1Q VLANs......................................................................................................

2-60

 

What is a VLAN? ..........................................................................................

2-61

 

What is an 802.1Q Port-Based VLAN? ......................................................

2-61

 

About 802.1Q VLAN Configuration and Operation ...............................

2-61

 

Ingress List Operation...........................................................................

2-62

 

Egress List Operation ............................................................................

2-62

 

802.1Q Port Types ..................................................................................

2-63

 

Configuring Your 802.1Q VLANS .....................................................................

2-64

 

Setting VLAN Parameters and Operational Modes ................................

2-64

 

Creating and Modifying VLANs.........................................................

2-66

 

Deleting VLANs.....................................................................................

2-66

 

Enabling and Disabling VLANs..........................................................

2-67

 

Updating VLAN Config Window Information.................................

2-67

 

Performing Ingress List Configuration......................................................

2-67

 

Assigning VLAN Membership to Ports .............................................

2-69

 

Setting Port Operational Modes ..........................................................

2-70

 

Setting Port Frame Discard Formats...................................................

2-70

 

Updating VLAN Port Config Window Information ........................

2-70

 

Performing Egress List Configuration .......................................................

2-70

 

Building an Egress List .........................................................................

2-72

 

Broadcast Suppression ........................................................................................

2-72

 

Setting the Device Date and Time......................................................................

2-75

 

Enabling and Disabling Ports.............................................................................

2-76

Chapter 3

Alarm Configuration

 

 

About RMON Alarms and Events..............................................................................

3-1

 

Basic Alarm Configuration ..........................................................................................

3-2

 

Accessing the Basic Alarm Configuration Window..........................................

3-3

iv

 

 

Contents

 

Viewing Alarm Status ....................................................................................

3-4

 

Creating and Editing a Basic Alarm....................................................................

3-6

 

Disabling a Basic Alarm........................................................................................

3-9

 

Viewing the Basic Alarm Log...............................................................................

3-9

 

Advanced Alarm Configuration ...............................................................................

3-11

 

Accessing the RMON Advanced Alarm/Event List.......................................

3-11

 

Creating and Editing an Advanced Alarm ......................................................

3-14

 

Creating and Editing an Event...........................................................................

3-21

 

Adding Actions to an Event........................................................................

3-24

 

Deleting an Alarm, Event, or Action.................................................................

3-26

 

Viewing an Advanced Alarm Event Log..........................................................

3-27

 

How Rising and Falling Thresholds Work ..............................................................

3-28

Chapter 4

Statistics

 

 

Accessing the Statistics Windows...............................................................................

4-1

 

RMON Statistics ............................................................................................................

4-2

 

Viewing Total, Delta, and Accumulated Statistics ............................................

4-5

 

Printing Statistics ...................................................................................................

4-6

 

IF Statistics .....................................................................................................................

4-6

Chapter 5

Managing Ethernet MicroLAN Switches

 

 

Repeater Statistics .........................................................................................................

5-1

 

The Statistics Windows .........................................................................................

5-2

 

Accessing the Statistics Windows ................................................................

5-2

 

Statistics Defined ............................................................................................

5-4

 

Using the Total and Delta Option Buttons..................................................

5-5

 

Timer Statistics .......................................................................................................

5-6

 

Accessing the Timer Statistics Windows .....................................................

5-6

 

Setting the Timer Statistics Interval .............................................................

5-8

 

Repeater Performance Graphs.............................................................................

5-8

 

Accessing the Performance Graph Windows .............................................

5-9

 

Configuring the Performance Graphs .......................................................

5-12

 

The Detail Button..........................................................................................

5-12

 

Frame Status Breakdown .....................................................................

5-13

 

Error Breakdown ...................................................................................

5-13

 

Alarm Limits................................................................................................................

5-14

 

Accessing the Alarm Limits Windows..............................................................

5-14

 

Configuring Alarms.............................................................................................

5-19

 

Setting the Alarm Limits Time Interval.....................................................

5-19

 

Setting Alarm Limits ...........................................................................................

5-20

 

Trap Selection...............................................................................................................

5-21

 

Accessing the Trap Selection Windows ............................................................

5-21

 

Trap Definitions....................................................................................................

5-22

 

Configuring Traps................................................................................................

5-24

v

Contents

Chapter 6

FDDI Applications

 

 

Concentrator Configuration ........................................................................................

6-2

 

Connection Policy Window .........................................................................................

6-6

 

Station List......................................................................................................................

6-8

 

Stations Panel..........................................................................................................

6-9

 

FDDI Performance ......................................................................................................

6-10

 

FDDI Statistics .............................................................................................................

6-12

 

Setting the FDDI Statistics Poll Rate..................................................................

6-13

 

Configuring FDDI Frame Translation Settings .......................................................

6-14

 

Information about Ethernet and FDDI Frame Types......................................

6-14

 

Ethernet Frames ............................................................................................

6-15

 

FDDI Frames..................................................................................................

6-17

 

FDDI Frame Translation Options ......................................................................

6-17

Chapter 7

ATM Configuration

 

 

Accessing the ATM Connections Window ................................................................

7-1

 

Configuring Connections.............................................................................................

7-4

 

Adding a New Connection...................................................................................

7-4

 

Deleting a Connection ...........................................................................................

7-4

Chapter 8

HSIM-W87 Configuration

 

 

The T3 Configuration Window ...................................................................................

8-1

 

The T1 Configuration Window ...................................................................................

8-3

 

Configuring IP Priority.................................................................................................

8-6

Index

vi