Bolens 2P5 User Manual

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Safety • Assembly • Operation • Adjustments • Maintenance •Troubleshooting • Parts Lists • Warranty

OPERATOR’S MANUAL

Single-StageSnow Thrower - Model 2N1 & 2P5

IMPORTANT:

READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS

CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING EQUIPMENT.

 

 

769-04201

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

MTD Products Ltd., P. O. Box 1386, KITCHENER, ONTARIO N2G 4J1

7/8/08

This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new snow thrower. It will help you assemble, prepare and maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.

Table of Contents

Safety Symbols...................................................

3

Adjustments & Maintenance............................

10

Safe Operation Practices....................................

4

Off-SeasonStorage...........................................

11

Set Up & Adjustment..........................................

6

Trouble Shooting...............................................

12

KnowYour SnowThrower...................................

7

Warranty.............................................................

13

Operation.............................................................

8

Illustrated Parts Lists........................................

14

Finding and Recording Model Number

BEFORE YOU START ASSEMBLING YOUR NEW EQUIPMENT,

please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the model number and the serial number to the sample model plate provided to the right. You can locate the model plate by standing at the operating position and looking down at the frame.

-ODELD.UMBER

3ERIALA.UMBER

.UM£RO DERMODÞLE

.UM£RO DERS£RIE

 

 

8888888888

88888888888

-4$402/$5#43 ,)-)4%$+)4#(%.%2 /... '2 *

WWW MTDCANADA COM

Customer Support

Please do NOT return the unit to the retailer from which it was purchased, without first contacting Customer Support.

If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or maintenance of this unit, you can seek help from the experts. Choose from the options below:

1.Visit www.bolens.ca/bolens for many useful suggestions, click on Customer Support button.

2.Call a Customer Support Representative at 1-800-668-1238.

3.The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-relatedissues in terms of performance,power-rating,specifications, warranty, and service. Depending on the engine manufacturer, more information is included in this publication or packed separately with this product.

Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section to locate this information. You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call.

2

This page depicts and describes safety symbols that may appear on this product. Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine before attempting to assemble and operate.

Symbol

Description

READ THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL(S)

Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual(s) before attempting to assemble and operate.

WARNING— ROTATING BLADES

Keep hands out of inlet and discharge openings while machine is running.

There are rotating blades inside.

WARNING— ROTATING BLADES

Keep hands out of inlet and discharge openings while machine is running.

There are rotating blades inside.

WARNING— ROTATING AUGER

Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts, in the auger/impeller housing or chute assembly. Contact with the rotating parts can amputate hands and feet.

WARNING—THROWNOBJECTS

This machine may pick up and throw objects which can cause serious personal injury.

WARNING—GASOLINEIS FLAMMABLE

Allow the engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling.

WARNING— CARBON MONOXIDE

Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.

WARNING— ELECTRICAL SHOCK

Do not use the engine’s electric starter in the rain.

1

Safety

Symbols

WARNING

This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol, HEED

ITS WARNING!

Your Responsibility

Restrict the use

of this power machine to persons who read, understand

and follow the warnings and instructions

in this manual

and on the machine.

3

2

Safe

Operation

Practices

WARNING

This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol, HEED

ITS WARNING!

Your Responsibility

Restrict the use

of this power machine to persons who read, understand

and follow the warnings and instructions

in this manual

and on the machine.

WARNING: Engine Exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the safe operation practices in this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury. This machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.

Training

1.Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place for future and regular reference and for ordering replacement parts.

2.Be familiar with all controls and their proper operation. Know how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.

3.Never allow children under 14 years old to operate this machine. Children 14 years old and over should read and understand the instructions and safe operation practices in this manual and on the machine and be trained and supervised by an adult.

4.Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper instruction.

5.Thrown objects can cause serious personal injury. Plan your snow-throwingpattern to avoid discharge of material toward roads, bystanders and the like.

6.Keep bystanders, helpers, pets and children at least 75 feet from the machine while it is in operation. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

7.Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling, especially when operating in reverse.

Preparation

Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be used. Remove all doormats, newspapers, sleds, boards, wires and other foreign objects, which could be tripped over or thrown by the auger/impeller.

1.Always wear safety glasses or eye shields during operation and while performing an adjustment or repair to protect your eyes. Thrown objects which ricochet can cause serious injury to the eyes.

2.Do not operate without wearing adequate winter outer garments. Do not wear jewelry, long scarves or other loose clothing, which could become entangled in moving parts. Wear footwear which will improve footing on slippery surfaces.

3.Use a grounded three-wireextension cord and receptacle for all units with electric start engines.

4.Adjust collector housing height to clear gravel or crushed rock surfaces.

5.Disengage all control levers before starting the engine.

6.Never attempt to make any adjustments while engine is running, except where specifically recommended in the operator’s manual.

7.Let engine and machine adjust to outdoor temperature before starting to clear snow.

Safe Handling of Gasoline

To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on yourself or your clothes, which can ignite. Wash your skin and change clothes immediately.

a.Use only an approved gasoline container.

b.Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition.

c.Never fuel machine indoors.

d.Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is hot or running.

e.Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling.

f.Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½ inch below bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel expansion.

g.Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.

h.If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment. Move machine to another area. Wait 5 minutes before starting the engine.

i.Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, spark or pilot light (e.g. furnace, water heater, space heater, clothes dryer etc.).

j.Allow machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing

k.Never fill containers inside a vehicle or on a truck or trailer bed with a plastic liner. Always place containers on the ground away from your vehicle before filling.

l.If possible, remove gas-poweredequipment from the truck or trailer and refuel it on the ground. If this is not possible, then refuel such equipment on a trailer with a portable container, rather than from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.

m.Keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the fuel tank or container opening at all times until fueling is complete. Do not use a nozzle lock-opendevice.

4

Operation

1.Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts, in the auger/ impeller housing or chute assembly. Contact with the rotating parts can amputate hands and feet.

2.The auger/impeller control lever is a safety device. Never bypass its operation. Doing so makes the machine unsafe and may cause personal injury.

3.The control levers must operate easily in both directions and automatically return to the disengaged position when released.

4.Never operate with a missing or damaged chute assembly. Keep all safety devices in place and working.

5.Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.

6.Do not operate machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

7.Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do not touch.

8.Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel surfaces. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic.

9.Exercise caution when changing direction and while operating on slopes.

10.Plan your snow-throwingpattern to avoid discharge towards windows, walls, cars etc. Thus, avoiding possible property damage or personal injury caused by a ricochet.

11.Never direct discharge at children, bystanders and pets or allow anyone in front of the machine.

12.Do not overload machine capacity by attempting to clear snow at too fast of a rate.

13.Never operate this machine without good visibility or light. Always be sure of your footing and keep a firm hold on the handles. Walk, never run.

14.Disengage power to the auger/impeller when transporting or not in use.

15.Never operate machine at high transport speeds on slippery surfaces. Look down and behind and use care when backing up.

16.If the machine should start to vibrate abnormally, stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it against the engine. Inspect thoroughly for damage. Repair any damage before starting and operating.

17.Disengage all control levers and stop engine before you leave the operating position (behind the handles). Wait until the auger/impeller comes to a complete stop before unclogging the chute assembly, making any adjustments, or inspections.

18.Never put your hand in the discharge or collector openings. Always use the clean-outtool provided to unclog the discharge opening. Do not unclog chute assembly while engine is running. Shut off engine and remain behind handles until all moving parts have stopped before unclogging.

19.Use only attachments and accessories approved by the manufacturer (e.g. wheel weights, tire chains, cabs etc.).

20.When starting engine, pull cord slowly until resistance is felt, then pull rapidly. Rapid retraction of starter cord (kickback) will pull hand and arm toward engine faster than you can let go. Broken bones, fractures, bruises or sprains could result.

21.If situations occur which are not covered in this manual, use care and good judgment. Call customer assistance for the name of your nearest servicing dealer.

Maintenance & Storage

1.Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly. Refer to the maintenance and adjustment sections of this manual.

2.Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting machine disengage all control levers and stop the engine. Wait until the auger/ impeller come to a complete stop. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against the engine to prevent unintended starting.

3.Check bolts and screws for proper tightness at frequent intervals to keep the machine in safe working condition. Also, visually inspect machine for any damage.

4.Do not change the engine governor setting or over-speedthe engine. The governor controls the maximum safe operating speed of the engine.

5.Snow thrower shave plates and skid shoes are subject to wear and damage. For your safety protection, frequently check all components and replace with original equipment manufacturer’s (OEM) parts only. “Use of parts which do not meet the original equipment specifications may lead to improper performance and compromise safety!”

6.Check controls periodically to verify they engage and disengage properly and adjust, if necessary. Refer to the adjustment section in this operator’s manual for instructions.

7.Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.

8.Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, oil, etc. to protect the environment.

9.Prior to storing, run machine a few minutes to clear snow from machine and prevent freeze up of auger/impeller.

10.Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, spark or pilot light such as a water heater, furnace, clothes dryer etc.

11.Always refer to the operator’s manual for proper instructions on off-seasonstorage.

12.Check fuel line, tank, cap, and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks. Replace if necessary.

13.Do not crank engine with spark plug removed.

Do not modify engine

To avoid serious injury or death, do not modify engine in any way. Tampering with the governor setting can lead to a runaway engine and cause it to operate at unsafe speeds. Never tamper with factory setting of engine governor.

Notice regarding Emissions

Engines which are certified to comply with California and federal EPA emission regulations for SORE (Small Off Road Equipment) are certified to operate on regular unleaded gasoline, and may include the following emission control systems: Engine Modification (EM) Oxidizing Catalyst (OC), Secondary Air Injection (SAI) and Three Way Catalyst (TWC) if so equipped.

Average Useful Life

According to the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this product has an Average Useful Life of seven (7) years, or 60 hours of operation. At the end of theAverage Useful Life, have the machine inspected annually by an authorized service dealer to ensure that all mechanical and safety systems are working properly and not worn excessively. Failure to do so can result in accidents, injuries or death.

05.08.08

2

Safe

Operation

Practices

WARNING

This symbol points out important safety instructions, which if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol, HEED IT’S WARNING!

Your Responsibility

Restrict the use

of this power machine to persons who read, understand

and follow the warnings and instructions

in this manual

and on the machine.

5

3

Snow

Thrower

Setup

NOTE: This Operator’s

Manual covers several models.

Not all features referenced in this manual are applicable to all snow thrower models.

NOTE: All references to left or right side of the snow thrower is from the operating position only.

IMPORTANT:

Do not use the chute handle to lift the snow thrower.

Figure 3-1

Figure 3-2

Figure 3-3

Positioning the Upper Handle

1.Remove packing material, if present.

2.Raise the upper handle in the direction shown in Figure 3-1until it clicks into the operating position. Make sure not to pinch or crimp the cable.

3.Tighten the knobs. See Figure 3-2.

Chute Assembly

Rotate the discharge chute to the left or right using chute handle. The angle of the discharge chute controls the distance that the snow is thrown. Tilt the discharge chute up for greater distance; tilt down for less distance. See Figure 3-3.

Loosen the hand knob on the side of the discharge chute to adjust. Tilt the chute to the desired position, and tighten the knob.

IMPORTANT: Do not use the chute handle to lift the snow thrower

6

Auger Control

Recoil Starter

 

 

 

Gasoline Cap

 

 

 

Chute Control Handle

 

 

 

Chute

Ignition Key

Oil Fill

 

Assembly

 

 

Primer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gasoline

 

 

 

Cap

Oil Fill

Throttle

 

Electric

 

Control

 

Starter

 

 

 

Button

Shave Plate

Choke

 

 

Control

 

 

 

 

Electric

 

 

 

 

Oil Drain

Recoil

Starter

Auger

Outlet

 

 

 

Starter

 

Figure 4-1

Choke Lever

Activating choke control closes the choke plate on carburetor and aids in starting engine. Refer to the engine manual packed with unit for more detailed instructions.

Primer

Depressing primer forces fuel directly into engine’s carburetor to aid in cold-weatherstarting. Refer to engine manual packed with unit for more detailed instructions.

Ignition Key

The ignition key must be inserted and snapped in place in order for the engine to start. Remove the ignition key to prevent unauthorized use of equipment. Do NOT attempt to turn the key.

Recoil Starter

The starter handle is used to manually start the engine.

Electric Starter (If Equipped)

Used to start engine with a 120V power source.

NOTE: On certain models the electric starter is located on the right side of the shroud.

Plug for Electric Start

Requires use of a three-prongoutdoor extension cord and a 120V power source.

Auger

When engaged, the augers rotation draws snow into the auger housing and throws it out the discharge chute. Rubber paddles on the augers also aid in propelling the unit as they come in contact with the pavement.

Auger Control Handle

Located on the upper handle, the auger control handle is used to engage and disengage drive to the auger. Squeeze the control handle against the upper handle to engage auger; release it to disengage.

Discharge Chute / Chute Handle

Refer to Set-Up.

Shave Plate

The shave plate maintains contact with pavement as the snow thrower is propelled, allowing snow close to pavement’s surface to be discharged.

4

Know

Your Snow Thrower

WARNING

Be familiar with all the controls on the snow thrower and their proper

operation. Know how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.

7

5

Operation

WARNING

Read, understand, and follow all instructions and warnings on the machine and in this manual before operating.

Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never fuel the machine indoors or while the engine is hot or running. Extinguish cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition.

The electric starter must be used with a properly grounded three-prongreceptacle at all times to avoid the possibility of electric shock. Follow all instructions carefully prior to operating the electric starter.

Before Starting

IMPORTANT: For complete and detailed engine starting, stopping and storing instructions, it is recommended that you read the engine manual also included with this unit.

Gas and Oil Fill-Up

1.Check oil and gasoline level and add if necessary. Follow related instructions in the separate engine manual packed with your snow thrower.

WARNING: Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never fuel the machine indoors or while the engine is hot or running. Extinguish cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition.

To Start Engine

1.Insert ignition key into slot. See Figure 5-1.

2.Now follow the instructions below as it pertains to your unit. See Figure 4-1for location of controls.

Figure 5-1

Electric Starter (if so equipped)

WARNING: The electric starter is equipped with a grounded three-wirepower cord and plug, and is designed to operate on 120 volt AC household current. It must be used with a properly groundedthree-prongreceptacle at all times to avoid the possibility of electric shock. Follow all instructions carefully prior to operating the electric starter.

WARNING: DO NOT use electric starter in rain.

Figure 5-2

1.Determine that your home’s wiring is a three-wiregrounded system. Ask a licensed electrician if you are unsure. If you have a groundedthree-prongreceptacle, proceed as follows. If you do not have the proper house wiring, DO NOT use the electric starter under any conditions.

2.Insert ignition key fully into slot. Make sure it snaps into place. DO NOT turn ignition key. The engine cannot start unless the key is inserted into ignition switch.

3.Plug the extension cord into the electric switch box located on the engine. (On certain models the electric starter is located on the right side of the shroud.) Plug the other end of extension cord into athree-prong120-volt,grounded, AC outlet in awell-ventilatedarea.

4.Move throttle control to FAST (rabbit) position.

5.Move choke to the ON position (cold engine start). If engine is warm, place choke in OFF position.

6.Push primer three to five (3-5)times, making sure to cover vent hole when pushing. If engine is warm, push primer only once. Always cover vent hole when pushing. Cool weather may require priming to be repeated.

7.Push starter button to start engine. Once the engine starts, immediately release starter button. Electric starter is equipped with thermal overload protection; system will temporarily shut-downto allow starter to cool if electric starter becomes overloaded.

8.As the engine warms, slowly rotate the choke control to OFF position. If the engine falters, restart engine and run with choke at half-chokeposition for a short period of time, and then slowly rotate the choke into OFF position.

9.After engine is running, disconnect power cord from electric starter. When disconnecting, always unplug the end at the wall outlet before unplugging the opposite end from the engine.

8

Recoil Starter

MPORTANT: Do not pull the starter handle with engine running.

WARNING: To avoid unsupervised engine operation, never leave the engine unattended while running. Turn the engine off after use and remove ignition key.

1.Insert ignition key fully into slot. Make sure it snaps into place. DO NOT turn ignition key. The engine cannot start unless the key is inserted into ignition switch.

2.Move throttle control to FAST (rabbit) position.

3.Move choke to the ON position (cold engine start). If engine is warm, place choke in OFF position.

4.Push primer three to five (3-5)times, making sure to cover vent hole when pushing. If engine is warm, push primer only once. Always cover vent hole when pushing. Cool weather may require priming to be repeated.

5.Pull gently on the starter handle until it begins to resist, then pull quickly and forcefully to overcome the compression. Do not release the handle and allow it to snap back. Return rope SLOWLY to original position. If required, repeat this step.

6.As the engine warms, slowly rotate the choke control to OFF position. If the engine falters, restart engine and run with choke at half-chokeposition for a short period of time, and then slowly rotate the choke into OFF position.

Stopping the Engine

WARNING: To avoid unsupervised engine operation, never leave the engine unattended while running. Turn the engine off after use and remove ignition key

Run engine for a few minutes before stopping to help dry off any moisture on the engine.

1.Move throttle control to STOP position.

2.Remove the ignition key. Removing the key will reduce the possibility of unauthorized starting of the engine while equipment is not in use. Keep the key in a safe place. The engine cannot start without the ignition key.

3.Wipe all snow and moisture from the area around the engine as well as the area in and around the drive control and auger control. Also, engage and release both controls several times.

To Engage Augers

1.To engage the augers and start throwing snow, squeeze the auger control against the handle. Release to stop the augers.

Engaging the Drive

1.Lifting up on the handle will allow the rubber on the augers to propel the snow thrower forward. Pushing downward on the handle will raise the augers off the ground and stop forward motion.

NOTE: Excessive upward pressure on the handle will result in premature wear on the rubber auger blades which would not be covered by warranty.

2.Run the engine for a few minutes before stopping to help dry any moisture on the engine.

3.Clean the snow thrower thoroughly after each use.

5

Operation

WARNING

Muffler, engine and surrounding areas become hot and can cause a burn. Do not touch.

IMPORTANT:

For complete and detailed engine starting, stopping and storing instructions, it is recommended that you read the engine manual also included with

this unit.

NOTE:

Excessive upward pressure on the handle will result in premature wear

on the rubber auger blades which

would not be covered by warranty.

9

6

Adjustments

&

Maintenance

WARNING

NEVER attempt to make any adjustments while the engine is running, except where specified in the operator’s manual.

Before servicing, repairing, or inspecting, disengage the control bail and stop engine. Wait until all moving parts have come to a complete stop.

WARNING: NEVER attempt to make any adjustments while the engine is running, except where specified in the operator’s manual.

Shave Plate

1.To check the adjustment of the shave plate, place the unit on a level surface. The wheels, shave plate and augers should all contact level surface. Note that if the shave plate is adjusted too high, snow may blow under the housing. If the shave plate wears

out excessively, or the unit does not self-propel,the shave plate may be too low and needs to be adjusted.

NOTE: On new units or units with a new shave plate installed, the augers may be slightly off the ground.

3IDE6IEW

Figure 6-1

Figure 6-2

WARNING: Run the engine completely dry of gasoline before tipping snowthrower.

2.To adjust, tip the snow thrower back so that it rests on the handle.

3.Loosen the four lock nuts and bolts which secure the shave plate to the housing. See Figure 6-1.Move the shave plate to desired position and retighten the nuts and bolts securely.

4.Tip the snow thrower back to the operating position and pull the starter handle a few times to see if it is difficult to pull.

5.If the starter is difficult to pull, remove the spark plug and pull the handle several times to ensure that any oil trapped in the head is removed.

Caution: Oil may come out of the spark plug hole when it is removed and the starter handle is pulled.

6.Inspect the spark plug. If it is wet, clean off any oil before re-installing.

Replacing Shave Plate

The shave plate is attached to the bottom of the auger housing and is subject to wear. It should be checked periodically. There are two wearing edges and the shave plate can be reversed. Refer to Figure 6-1.To replace or reverse the shave plate proceed as follows:

1.Remove the carriage bolts and hex lock nuts which attach it to the snow thrower housing.

2.Install new shave plate (or reverse), making sure the heads of the carriage bolts are on the inside of the housing.

3.Adjust the shave plate according to instructions above

4.Tighten securely.

Control Cable

As a result of both the control cable and the drive belt stretching due to wear, periodic adjustments may be necessary.

If the auger seems to hesitate when rotating while the engine maintains a constant speed, an adjustment is necessary. Proceed as follows:

The upper hole in the control handle provides for an adjustment in cable tension. To adjust, disconnect the end of control cable from the bottom hole in the control handle and reinsert it in the upper hole. Insert the cable from the outside as shown in Figure 6-2.Test the snow thrower to see if there is a noticeable difference.

Replacing Belt

WARNING: Before servicing, repairing, or inspecting, disengage the control bail and stop engine. Wait until all moving parts have come to a complete stop.

10