Bolens 241 User Manual

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Safety • Assembly • Operation • Adjustments • Maintenance •Troubleshooting • Parts Lists • Warranty

OPERATOR’S MANUAL

FrontTineTiller — Model 241

IMPORTANT:

READ SAFETY RULES AND INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING EQUIPMENT.

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

P. O. Box 1386, KITCHENER, ONTARIO N2G 4J1

772C0814

11/28/2005

This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new equipment. It will help you assemble, prepare and maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.

Table of Contents

Safe Operation Practices

...................................3

MaintainingYourTiller......................................

11

Setup and Adjustments .....................................

5

Off-SeasonStorage..........................................

12

OperatingYourTiller...........................................

6

Trouble Shooting..............................................

13

Adjustments......................................................

10

Parts Lists.........................................................

14

 

 

Warranty............................................................

16

Finding and Recording Model Number

BEFORE YOU START ASSEMBLING

YOUR NEW EQUIPMENT,

please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the the model number and the serial number to the sample model plate provided to the right. You can locate the model plate by standing at the operating position and looking down at the rear of the tine shield.

Customer Support

Please do NOT return the unit to the retailer from which it was purchased, without first contacting Customer Support.

If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or maintenance of this unit, please call a Customer Support Representative: 1-800-668-1238.

Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section to locate this information. You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call.

The engine manufacturer is responsible for all engine-relatedissues with regards to performance,power-rating,specifications, warranty and service. Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s Owner’s/Operator’s Manual, packed separately with your unit, for more information.

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DANGER: This machine was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury. This machine is

capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.

Training

1.Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual(s) before attempting to assemble and operate. Keep this manual in a safe place for future and regular reference and for ordering replacement parts.

2.Be familiar with all controls and their proper operation. Know how to stop the machine and disengage them quickly.

3.Never allow children under 14 years old to operate this machine. Children 14 years old and over should read and understand the operation instructions and safety rules in this manual and should be trained and supervised by a parent.

4.Never allow adults to operate this machine without proper instruction.

5.Keep bystanders, helpers, pets and children at least 75 feet from the machine while it is in operation. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

Preparation

1.Thoroughly inspect the area where the equipment is to be used. Remove all stones, sticks, wire, and other foreign objects which could be tripped over and cause personal injury.

2Wear sturdy, rough-soledwork shoes and close fitting slacks and shirt. Loose fitting clothes or jewelry can be caught in movable parts. Never operate this machine in bare feet or sandals.

3.Disengage clutch levers and shift (if provided) into neutral (“N”) before starting the engine.

4.Never leave this machine unattended with the engine running.

5.Never attempt to make any adjustments while engine is running, except where specifically recommended in the operator’s manual.

6.To avoid personal injury or property damage use extreme care in handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Serious personal injury can occur when gasoline is spilled on yourself or your clothes which can ignite. Wash your skin and change clothes immediately.

7.Use only an approved gasoline container.

8.Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition.

9.Never fuel machine indoors.

10.Never remove gas cap or add fuel while the engine is hot or running.

11.Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling

12.Never over fill fuel tank. Fill tank to no more than ½ inch below bottom of filler neck to provide space for fuel expansion.

13.Replace gasoline cap and tighten securely.

14.If gasoline is spilled, wipe it off the engine and equipment. Move machine to another area. Wait 5 minutes before starting the engine.

15.Never store the machine or fuel container inside near an open flame, spark or pilot light (e.g. furnace, water or space heater, clothes dryer etc.).

16.Allow machine to cool 5 minutes before storing.

Operation

1.Do not put hands or feet near rotating parts. Contact with the rotating parts can amputate hands and feet.

2.Do not operate machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

3.Never operate this machine without good visibility or light. Always be sure of your footing and keep a firm hold on the handles.

4.Keep bystanders, helpers, pets, and children at least 75 feet from the machine while it is in operation. Stop the machine if anyone enters the area.

5.Be careful when tilling in hard ground. The tines may catch in the ground and propel the tiller forward. If this occurs, let go of the handle bars and do not restrain the machine.

6.Exercise extreme caution when operating on or crossing gravel surfaces. Stay alert for hidden hazards or traffic. Do not carry passengers.

7.Never operate the machine at high transport speeds on hard or slippery surfaces.

8.Exercise caution to avoid slipping or falling.

9.Look down and behind and use care when in reverse or pulling machine towards you.

10.Start the engine according to the instructions found in this manual and keep feet well away from the tines at all times.

11.After striking a foreign object, stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug wire and ground against the engine. Thoroughly inspect the machine for any damage. Repair the damage before starting and operating.

12.Disengage all clutch levers (if fitted) and stop engine before you leave the operating position (behind the handles). Wait until the tines come to a complete stop before unclogging the tines, making any adjustments, or inspections.

13.Never run an engine indoors or in a poorly ventilated area. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.

14.Muffler and engine become hot and can cause a burn. Do not touch.

15.Use caution when tilling near fences, buildings and underground utilities. Rotating tines can cause property damage or personal injury.

16.Do not overload machine capacity by attempting to till soil to deep at to fast of a rate.

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Safe

Operation Practices

WARNING

This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others.

Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine.

Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol.

HEED ITS WARNING!

Your Responsibility

Restrict the use

of this power machine to persons who read, understand

and follow the warnings and instructions in this manual

and on the machine.

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2

Safe

Operation Practices

WARNING

This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others.

Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate this machine. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol.

HEED ITS WARNING!

Your Responsibility

Restrict the use

of this power machine to persons who read, understand

and follow the warnings and instructions

in this manual

and on the machine.

17.If the machine should start making an unusual noise or vibration, stop the engine, disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it against the engine. Inspect thoroughly for damage. Repair any damage before starting and operating.

18.Keep all shields, guards and safety devices in place and operating properly.

19.Never pick up or carry machine while the engine is running.

20.Use only attachments and accessories approved by the manufacturer. Failure to do so, can result in personal injury.

21.If situations occur which are not covered in this manual, use care and good judgment. Contact Customer Support or your authorized dealer.

Maintenance & Storage

1.Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.

2.Check bolts and screws for proper tightness at frequent intervals to keep the machine in safe working condition. Also, visually inspect machine for any damage.

3.Before cleaning, repairing, or inspecting, stop the engine and make certain the tines and all moving parts have

stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it against the engine to prevent unintended starting.

4.Do not change the engine governor settings or over-speedthe engine. The governor controls the maximum safe operating speed of the engine.

5.Maintain or replace safety and instruction labels, as necessary.

6.Follow this manual for safe loading, unloading, transporting, and storage of this machine.

7.Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, spark or pilot light such as a water heater, furnace, clothes dryer etc.

8.Always refer to the operator’s manual for proper instructions on off-seasonstorage.

9.If the fuel tank has to be drained, do this outdoors.

10.Observe proper disposal laws and regulations for gas, oil, etc. to protect the environment.

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Assembly

3

 

1. Remove the star handle knobs and carriage bolts from

 

the lower handle, Figure 3-1.

 

Assembly

Figure 3-3:Install left side of the tine clutch control.

Figure 3-1:Remove hardware from lower handle.

2.Position the upper handle onto the lower handle, Step A Figure 3-2.Align the holes on lower handle with the holes on the upper handle (choose the upper or lower holes depending on the desired handle height).

3. Insert carriage bolts through the holes and secure with star knobs, Step B Figure 3-2.Make certain carriage bolts are seated securely into one of the two positions provided.

A

Figure 3-4:Hook cable into tine clutch control.

B

B

Figure 3-2:Attach and secure upper handle.

4. Insert left end of tine clutch control into the hole on the left side of the upper handle, Figure 3-3.

5.Insert the Z-fittingon the clutch cable into the hole on the tine clutch control. Hook the “Z” end into the opening from the inside to the outside as shown in

Figure 3-4.

6. Squeeze the tine clutch control inward. Insert right

end into the hole on the right side of the upper handle, Figure3-5:Install right end of tine clutch control.Figure 3-5.

NOTE: Stand behind the tiller as if you were going to operate it. Your right hand corresponds to the right side of the tiller; your left hand corresponds to the left side of the tiller.

NOTE: This operator’s manual may cover various models of tillers. The units illustrated may vary slightly from your unit. Follow only those instructions which pertain to your model number.

IMPORTANT

This unit is shipped without gasoline or oil in the engine. Fill up gasoline and oil as instructed in the accompanying engine manual BEFORE operating your machine.

5

4

Operating

YourTiller

WARNING

The tine clutch control is a safety device. Never attempt to bypass its operation.

Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never fuel the machine indoors or while the engine is hot or running. Extinguish cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and other sources of ignition.

Keep hands and feet away from the tines. Refer to warning label on the unit.

KnowYourTiller

Tine

Clutch

Control

Recoil

Starter

Clutch Cable

Handle Knobs

Rear Wheel

with Depth

Stake

Tines

Figure 4-1

WARNING: Read, understand, and follow all instructions and warnings posted on the machine and in this manual before operating.

Tine Clutch Control

The clutch control lever is located on the upper handle. Squeezing the lever against the handle engages the tine drive. Release the lever to stop the tines from turning.

Rear Wheel with Depth Stake

The depth stake and wheel are located at the rear of the tiller. Both may be adjusted. Refer to the “Wheel Position” and “Depth Stake” sections for instructions.

Handle Knobs

The handle height may be adjusted. Loosen the knobs and remove the carriage bolts to change the position. Reinstall and tighten the hardware when complete.

Engine Controls

NOTE: See the separate engine manual for additional information and functions of the engine controls.

Throttle Control

The throttle control lever is located on the engine. It controls the engine’s speed and stops the engine.

With the throttle control moved completely to the left, the carburetor is in START or FAST position. Use maximum engine speed for deep tilling.

Move the throttle control lever to the right to reduce engine speed. Throttle control should be at IDLE for transporting the tiller.

Move the throttle all the way to the right to stop the engine.

Primer

The primer, located on the engine, is used to pump gas into the carburetor and aid in starting the engine. Use it to start a cold engine, but do not use it to restart a warm engine after a short shutdown.

Recoil Starter

The recoil starter is located on the engine and is used to manually start the engine.

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WARNING: Read, understand, and

many other useful labor saving tasks in the garden. After

follow all instructions and warnings

engine is running and appropriate speed set on throttle,

posted on the machine and in this

squeeze tine clutch control (see Figure 4-1)against

manual before operating.

upper handle to engage the tine drive. Release the lever

 

to stop the tines from turning.

Before Starting

Gas And Oil Fill-Up

Service the engine with gasoline and oil as instructed in the separate engine manual packed with your tiller. Read instructions carefully.

WARNING: Use extreme care when handling gasoline. Gasoline is extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive. Never fuel machine indoors or while the engine is hot or running.

Starting Engine

WARNING: Be sure no one is standing in front of the tiller while the engine is running or being started.

1.Attach spark plug wire to spark plug. Make sure the metal cap on the end of the spark plug is fastened securely over the metal tip on the spark plug.

2.Make sure that the tine clutch control is disengaged.

3.Place the throttle control in the FAST position.

4.For first time start-up,firmly press engine primer five

(5) times. For all future starts, press three (3) times. Wait about two seconds between each press.

5.Place left hand on gas tank. Grasp recoil starter and pull rope out slowly until engine reaches the beginning of its compression cycle (rope will pull slightly harder at this point).

6.Pull rope with a rapid, continuous, full arm stroke. Keep a firm grip on handle. Let rope rewind slowly. Do not let recoil starter snap back against engine. Repeat until engine starts.

Stopping Engine

1.Move throttle control lever to STOP or OFF position.

2.Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and ground against the engine.

UsingYourTiller

Your tiller (also known as a cultivator) is a precision built machine designed for seed bed preparation, cultivating, furrowing, and mulching. It is engineered to minimize the hardest work in the vegetable or flower garden, to till the soil for planting and cultivating, and to perform

Wheel Position

The tiller is shipped with the wheel adjusted such that the unit sits level. Before tilling, the wheel must be raised. To do this, remove the clevis and cotter pins, raise the wheel to the desired position, then reattach pins to secure, Figure 4-2.For transporting the tiller, reverse the steps to lower the wheel.

Figure 4-2:WheelAdjustment

Depth Stake

The depth stake acts as a brake for the tiller and controls the depth and speed at which the machine will operate, Figure 4-3.Remove the clevis and cotter pins, raise or lower the depth stake, then reattach pins to secure.

Figure 4-3:TheDepth Stake

4

Operating

YourTiller

WARNING

Be sure no one other than the operator is standing near the tiller while starting engine or operating the unit. Never run engine indoors or in enclosed, poorly ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas. Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from any moving parts on engine and tiller.

See your engine manual packaged with your unit for detailed instructions pertaining to starting the engine.

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4

Operating

YourTiller

WARNING

Be sure no one other than the operator is standing near the tiller while starting engine or operating the unit. Never run engine indoors or in enclosed, poorly ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas. Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from any moving parts on engine and tiller.

See your engine manual packaged with your unit for detailed instructions pertaining to starting the engine.

For tilling, the depth stake must be lowered and the wheel must be raised, Figure 4-4.

By increasing the depth of the depth stake, the forward speed of the machine is reduced and the working depth is increased. When the depth stake is raised, the working depth of the machine is reduced and the forward speed is increased. The working depth of the machine may

be predetermined by setting the depth stake so that the wheels are about four inches from the ground when the tines and depth stake are resting on the ground. This setting will permit a working depth of about four inches. When presetting the working depth, the handles should be adjusted so the hand grips are a little above waist. The tiller will be lower when the tines and depth stake penetrate the ground.

Figure 4-4:Lower the depth stake and raise the wheel when tilling.

Controlling Speed andTilling Depth

When tilling, leave approximately 8 inches of untilled soil between the first and second tilling paths, then make the third path between the first and second, Figure 4-5.In some soils, the desired depth is obtained the first time over the garden. In other soils, the desired depth is obtained by going over the garden two or three times. Passes should be made across the length and width

of the garden alternately. Rocks which are turned up should be removed from the garden area.

The type of soil and working conditions will determine the actual setting of the depth stake and the handle pressure required.

Cultivating

For cultivating, a two to three inch depth is desirable. The throttle should be set to control forward movement to a slow walking speed. With the outer tines installed, the working width of the machine is 22 or 24 inches.

For cultivation, this may be reduced to 13 inches by removing the outer tines, refer to the Adjustment Section. When laying out plant rows, be sure to allow enough width to permit cultivation between the rows. In growing corn or similar crops, check-rowplanting will permit cross cultivation and practically eliminate hand hoeing, Figure4-6.

4 5 2 3 1

Figure 4-5:Recommended tiller paths.

Handle Pressure

Further control of tilling depth and travel speed can be obtained by variation of pressure on the handles.

A downward pressure on the handles will reduce the working depth and increase the forward speed. An upward pressure on the handles will increase the working depth and reduce the forward speed.

Figure 4-6:Allow enough area between rows.

The tiller has many uses other than tilling and cultivating a garden. One of these is the preparation of lawn area for seeding. The tiller will prepare a deep seed bed which

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will be free of hard untilled spots, allowing a better stand of grass to grow. The tiller is very useful for loosening hard soil for excavation with a shovel; No tedious handwork will be necessary. Your tiller may be used for mixing compost in the pile or for mixing it with the soil in your garden. This should be done after the soil has been broken to the full working depth. The compost should be worked in to a depth of six to seven inches. This may be done by working the length of the garden and then by making separate passes across its width. The addition of decayed organic matter will substantially increase the fertility of your garden. For proper decaying action, fertilizer should be applied and worked in with the mulch materials. Breaking up leaves and straw and mixing it with several inches of soil allows proper aeration of the plant root system and retards the growth of weeds.

Transporting and Storing theTiller

To transport the tiller, lower the wheel and move the

To store the tiller, lower the wheel and orient the depth

depth stake to the highest position, Figure 4-7.

stake so both are touching the ground, Figure 4-8.

Figure 4-7

Figure 4-8

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Operating

YourTiller

WARNING

Be sure no one other than the operator is standing near the tiller while starting engine or operating the unit. Never run engine indoors or in enclosed, poorly ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas. Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from any moving parts on engine and tiller.

See your engine manual packaged with your unit for detailed instructions pertaining to starting the engine.

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5

Adjustments

NOTE: This operator’s manual may cover various models of tillers.

The units illustrated may vary slightly from your unit. Follow only those instructions which pertain to your model number.

NOTE: Stand behind the tiller as if you were going to operate it.

Your right hand corresponds to the right side of the tiller; your left hand corresponds to the left side of the tiller.

Making Adjustments

Warning: Disconnect the spark plug wire and ground it against the engine before performing any adjustments.

Engine Adjustment

Refer to the separate engine manual for engine adjustment instructions.

Tine Width Adjustment

The tilling width of the unit is 22 inches. Tilling width can increase to 24 inches by removing the clevis and cotter pins, sliding each outer tine out one inch, and securing in this position with the pins. For cultivation, reduce the tine width to 13 inches by removing the outer tines completely, Figure 5-1.

24-inch

22-inch

13-inch

Figure 5-1:Tinewidth adjustment.

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