Bolens 13B-325-401 User Manual

Size:
6.42 Mb
Download

Operator’s Manual

Riding Mower

Internal Bagging System

Model

13B-325-401

IMPORTANT: Read safety rules and instructions carefully before operating equipment.

Warning: This unit is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forestcovered,brush-coveredorgrass-coveredland unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator. In the State of California the above is required by law (Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code). Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your nearest engine authorized service dealer or contact the service department, P.O. Box 368022 Cleveland, Ohio44136-9722.

MTD PRODUCTS INC. P.O. BOX 368022 CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136-9722

ECO No. 2420

FORM NO. 770-10077C.fm

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

(1/2001)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Content

Page

Important Safe Operation Practices...................................................................

3

Slope Gauge......................................................................................................

6

Assembling Your Riding Mower .........................................................................

7

Know Your Riding Mower...................................................................................

9

Operating Your Riding Mower............................................................................

11

Making Adjustments ..........................................................................................

13

Servicing Your Rider Mower ..............................................................................

16

Maintaining Your Riding Mower .........................................................................

17

Off-SeasonStorage ...........................................................................................

19

Troubleshooting.................................................................................................

20

Parts List............................................................................................................

22

FINDING MODEL NUMBER

This Operator’s Manual is an important part of your new riding mower. It will help you assemble, prepare and maintain the unit for best performance. Please read and understand what it says.

Before you start assembling your new equipment, please locate the model plate on the equipment and copy the information from it in the space provided below. The information on the model plate is very important if you need help from our Customer Support Department or an authorized dealer.

You can locate the model plate by pivoting the cover upward and looking under the frame. A sample model plate is explained below. For future reference, please copy the model number and the serial number of the equipment in the space below.

(Model Number)

 

(Serial Number)

Copy the model number here:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copy the serial number here:

 

MTD PRODUCTS INC

 

CLEVELAND, OHIO 44136

 

CALLING CUSTOMER SUPPORT

If you have difficulty assembling this product or have any questions regarding the controls, operation or maintenance of this unit, please call the Customer Dealer Referral Line.

Call 1- (330) 220-4MTD (4683) or1- (800)-800-7310 to reach a Customer Support representative. Please have your unit’s model number and serial number ready when you call. See previous section to locate this information. You will be asked to enter the serial number in order to process your call .

2

SECTION 1: IMPORTANT SAFE OPERATION PRACTICES

This symbol points out important safety instructions which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in this manual before attempting to operate your rider mower. Failure to comply with these instructions may result in personal injury. When you see this symbol— heed its warning.

Your rider mower was built to be operated according to the rules for safe operation in this manual. As with any type of power equipment, carelessness or error on the part of the operator can result in serious injury. If you violate any of these rules, you may cause serious injury to yourself or others.

WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals known to State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

General Operation

Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine before starting. Keep this manual in a safe place for future and regular reference and for ordering replacement parts.

Only allow responsible individuals familiar with the instructions to operate the machine. Know controls and how to stop the machine quickly.

Do not put hands or feet under cutting deck or near rotating parts.

Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade. A small object may have been overlooked and could be accidentally thrown by the mower in any direction and cause injury to you or a bystander. To help avoid a thrown objects injury, keep children, bystanders and helpers at least 75 feet from the mower while it is in operation. Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles during operation or while performing an adjustment or repair, to protect eyes from foreign objects. Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel drives, walks or roads.

Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area. Never carry passengers.

Disengage blade(s) before shifting into reverse and backing up. Always look down and behind before and while backing.

Be aware of the mower and attachment discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the chute guard in place.

Slow down before turning. Operate the machine smoothly. Avoid erratic operation and excessive speed.

Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blade(s), place transmission in neutral, set park brake, stop engine and remove key before dismounting.

Turn off blade(s) when not mowing.

Stop engine and wait until blade(s) comes to a complete stop before (a) removing grass catcher or unclogging chute, or (b) making any repairs, adjusting or removing any grass or debris.

Mow only in daylight or good artificial light.

Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.

Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck. This unit should not be driven up or down a ramp onto a trailer or truck under power, because the unit could tip over, causing serious personal injury. The unit must be pushed manually on a ramp to load or unload properly.

Never make cutting height adjustment while engine is running, if operator must dismount to do so.

Wear sturdy, rough-soledwork shoes and closefitting slacks and shirts. Do not wear loose fitting clothes or jewelry. They can be caught in moving parts. Never operate a unit in bare feet, sandals, or sneakers.

Check overhead clearance carefully before driving under power lines, wires, bridges or low hanging tree branches, before entering or leaving buildings, or in any other situation where the operator may be struck or pulled from the unit, which could result in serious injury.

Disengage all attachment clutches, thoroughly depress the brake pedal, and shift into neutral before attempting to start engine.

Your mower is designed to cut normal residential grass of a height no more than 10". Do not attempt to mow through unusually tall, dry grass (e.g., pasture) or piles of dry leaves. Debris may build up on the mower deck or contact the engine exhaust presenting a potential fire hazard.

Slope Operation

Slopes are a major factor related to loss of control and tip-overaccidents which can result in severe

3

injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.

For your safety, use the slope gauge included as part of this manual to measure slopes before operating this unit on a sloped or hilly area. If the slope is greater than 15° as shown on the slope gauge, do not operate this unit in that area or serious injury could result.

Do:

Mow up and down slopes, not across.

Remove obstacles such as rocks, limbs, etc.

Watch for holes, ruts or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

Use slow speed. Choose a low enough gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope. Always keep machine in gear when going down slopes to take advantage of engine braking action.

Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.

Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the machine.

Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction. Rapid engagement or braking could cause the front of the machine to lift and rapidly flip over backwards which could cause serious injury.

Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

Do Not:

Do not turn on slopes unless necessary; then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

Do not mow near drop-offs,ditches or embankments.The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.

Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.

Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.

Children

Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

Keep children out of the mowing area and in watchful care of an adult other than the operator.

Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with the safe machine operation.

Never allow children under 14 years old to operate the machine. Children 14 years and over should only operate machine under close parental supervision and proper instruction.

Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees or other objects that may obscure your vision of a child or other hazard.

Remove key when machine is unattended to prevent unauthorized operation.

Service

Use extreme care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are extremely flammable and the vapors are explosive.

a. Use only an approved container.

b.Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool at least two minutes before refueling.

c.Replace fuel cap securely and wipe off any spilled fuel before starting the engine as it may cause a fire or explosion.

d.Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes and other sources of ignition.

e.Never refuel the machine indoors because fuel vapors will accumulate in the area.

f.Never store the fuel container or machine inside where there is an open flame or spark, such as a gas hot water heater, space heater or furnace.

Never run a machine inside a closed area.

To reduce fire hazard, keep the machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build-up.Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to cool at least 5 minutes before storing.

Before cleaning, repairing or inspecting, make certain the blade and all moving parts have stopped. Disconnect the spark plug wire, and keep the wire away from the spark plug to prevent accidental starting.

Check the blade and engine mounting bolts at frequent intervals for proper tightness. Also, visually inspect blade for damage (e.g., excessive wear, bent, cracked). Replace with blade which meets original equipment specifications.

Keep all nuts, bolts and screws tight to be sure the equipment is in safe working condition.

Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly. Use all guards as instructed in this manual.

After striking a foreign object, stop the engine, remove the wire from the spark plug and thoroughly inspect the mower for any damage. Repair the damage before restarting and operating the mower.

4

• Grass catcher components are subject to wear,

• Observe proper disposal laws and regulations.

damage and deterioration, which could expose

Improper disposal of fluids and materials can harm

moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. For your

the environment and the ecology.

safety protection, frequently check components

a. Prior to disposal, determine the proper method

and replace with manufacturer’s recommended

to dispose of waste from your local office of

parts when necessary.

Environmental Protection Agency. Recycling

• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the

centers are established to properly dispose of

materials in an environmentally safe fashion.

blade(s) or wear gloves and use extra caution when

b. Use proper containers when draining fluids. Do

servicing blade(s).

not use food or beverage containers that may

• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and

mislead someone into drinking from them.

service as required.

Properly dispose of the containers immediately

• Muffler, engine and belt guards become hot during

following the draining of fluids.

operation and can cause a burn. Allow to cool down

c. DO NOT pour oil or other fluids into the ground,

before touching.

down a drain or into a stream, pond, lake or

• Do not change the engine governor settings or

other body of water. Observe Environmental

overspeed the engine. Excessive engine speeds

Protection Agency regulations when disposing

are dangerous.

of oil, fuel, coolant, brake fluid, filters, batteries,

 

 

tires and other harmful waste.

 

 

 

 

Illustrated below are the representation of the safety labels on the equipment. For a full list of part numbers and location of all the labels, see page 38.

5

SECTION 2: SLOPE GUAGE

USE THIS PAGE AS A GUIDE TO DETERMINE SLOPES WHERE YOU MAY NOT OPERATE RIDER MOWER SAFELY:

theacross.slopesdownandupneverslopes,offacemowers BEHIND-WALKOperate

sloffacetheacrossneverslopes,down.opesand up mowers RIDING Operate

.injuryseriousinresultingslip,couldyouandfootingyourmaintain to fficultdi extremely is

secauseandasuchonmowerbehind-walkaoperatingIf.injuryriousoverturncould mower riding A

appofrise(adegrees15ofexcessinslopeeveryfeet1/2-2roximatelyawith inclines on mow not Do

WARNING

15°

F

POSTFENCEAOR

BUILDINGAOFCORNERA

POLEPOWERA

VERTICALAWITHLEVELTHISHOLDANDSIGHT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

°

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

it slope,

.feet) 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

TREE

6

SECTION 3: UNPACKING & ASSEMBLING YOUR RIDER MOWER

Remove all screws and staples from crate.

Holding the sides of the crate firmly, lift the top of the crate up and keep it aside. Avoid tire punctures.

Remove and discard plastic bag covering the unit.

Lift the rear of the mower and clear the bottom of the crate. Repeat for the front.

Be sure parking brake is disengaged. See Figure 8 for location of parking brake. Roll unit out of the crate’s way.

Loose Parts

Remove loose parts from the grass catcher and/or the crate very carefully. Compare with list and illustration (Figure 1) below.

1.Mulching plug & side-dischargechute

2.Oil drain sleeve

3.Bumper (optional)

4.Ignition keys (not shown)

5.Operator’s manual (not shown)

Side-Discharge

Chute

Oil Drain

Sleeve

Mulching

Bumper

Plug

 

Figure 1

Attaching Battery Cables

The battery is located under the hood assembly above the left rear wheel. Refer to Figure 3 .

To access the battery, lift the hood assembly from the left side of the hood only. Stand on the right side of the unit and pivot the hood assembly towards you until fully opened. See Figure 2 .

CAUTION: Do not lift the hood assembly by the two vent openings located behind the seat.

Vent

Opening

Hood Assembly

Figure 2

Remove both wing nuts securing the battery and cover to the battery hold-downrods. See Figure 3 .

Remove red and black insulation caps from battery terminals. See Figure 3

Remove battery terminal screws with a Phillips screw driver or a 10 mm. socket wrench.

Attach the red battery cable to the positive terminal (marked +), and the black battery cable to the negative terminal (marked -)on the battery. See Figure 3 .

Align the cables with the slots in the battery cover and tighten the screws on the battery terminals.

WARNING: Press the battery cables against side of battery so that these do not make contact with flange of rider frame when it is opened or closed.

Reassemble the battery cover to the hold-downrods on two ends with the two wing nuts removed earlier. Check to ensure that the cables pass easily through slots in cover.

Place right hand on the left side of the seat and slowly lower the hood assembly untill fully closed.

CAUTION: Do not place your hand around the bottom edge of the hood assembly; it may get pinched between the hood assembly and grass catcher or the frame rail.

 

 

 

Wing

 

 

 

Wing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nut

 

 

 

 

Nut

Negative

 

 

Positive

Battery

Terminal

 

 

 

 

Terminal

Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battery

Cable

Rider

Frame

Figure 3

WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.

Attaching Side-DischargeChute

Your riding mower is shipped to you with the grass catcher fully assembled on the unit. A side-dischargechute and a mulching plug are included as loose parts. Follow the instructions below to attach the sidedischarge chute.

7

WARNING: Do not operate the mower if any one or more of the grass catcher, discharge chute or mulching plug is not firmly installed on the mower.

Pivot the hood assembly up and lower the cutting height adjustment lever to the lowest position.

Remove the two wing nuts (A and B in Figure 4 ) from two ends of the grasscatcher chute.

Loosen the wing nut (C in Figure 4 ) in the middle of the chute. Do not remove.

Slide the grasscatcher chute to the right and out of the deck frame. Slide the side-dischargechute in and place it on the deck so that the three wing nut positions align with those on the deck.

Reinsert wing nuts A and B. Tighten all three.

Grass Catcher

Chute

Side-

Wing

Discharge

Chute

Nut B

Wing

 

Nut C

 

Wing

Nut A

Figure 4

Attaching Mulch Plug

While operating your rider mower, you have three options: (i) to collect grass clippings in the grass catcher, (ii) to discharge grass clippings on the side, or (iii) to mulch grass and recirculate clippings back to the lawn. For the third option, attach the mulching plug to the side-dischargechute and then to the deck.

Put two hex bolts through the mulching plug at the respective openings. See Figure 5 .

Place speed nuts over the hex bolts.

Side Discharge Chute

Wing Nut

B

Speed A

Nut

Hex Bolt

 

Mulching

 

Plug

Figure 5

Insert the plug into the side-dischargechute aligning the two slots on two sides of the sidedischarge chute with those on the mulching plug.

To attach the mulching plug now to the unit, follow instructions on previous page to attach sidedischarge chute to the deck.

Place wing nut on each of the hex bolts and thread a few turns. See Figure 5 . Check that the mulch plug is aligned correctly within the discharge chute.

Tighten both wing nuts

Attaching Bumper (If equipped)

Remove bumper from the grass catcher inside which it was shipped.

Loosen and remove the two hex bolts and lock nuts from the front rail on the rider mower. See Figure 6 .

Align the two holes on the bumper tube with the corresponding holes on the rider frame (from where you removed the hardware). See Figure 6.

Re-insertthe two hex bolts through the bumper and the rider frame and secure with the two lock nuts.

Lock

Nut

Bumper

Rider Frame

Rail

Hex Bolt

Figure 6

Attaching Hitch Plate (If equipped)

The hitch plate, if so equipped, was loosely attached to the rear frame of the rider for shipping purposes.

Loosen the nut attaching the hitch plate to the frame and swing the plate outward. Make sure that the wider side of the hitch plate aligns with the rear frame as shown in Figure 7 .

Remove the hex bolt, lock washer and hex nut from the other end of the rear frame. Save the hardware.

Align the hole on the hitch plate with the corresponding hole on the rear frame assembly (from where you removed the hardware).

Re-insertthe hex bolt through the hitch plate and the rear frame. Secure with lock washer and hex nut removed earlier. See Figure 7 . Tighten both sets of hardware.

Hitch Plate

Hex Bolt

Rear

Frame

Lock

Washer

Hex

Nut

Figure 7

8

SECTION 4: KNOW YOUR RIDER MOWER

Compare the illustrations in Figure 8 with your rider mower to familiarize yourself with the location of various controls and adjustments. The operation of any rider mower can result in foreign objects being thrown into the operator’s eyes, causing severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses before operating the mower, or while performing any adjustments or repairs on it.

Seat

Throttle/Choke

Control

 

Grass Fill Level

Indicator

Ignition

Switch

Side Discharge

Chute

Cutting

Deck

Parking

Grass

Catcher

Brake

 

Blade

Engagement

Pedal

Blade

Lock

Steering Wheel

Shift Lever

Cutting Height

Adjustment Lever

Blade Engagement

Pedal

“Go” PedalBrake

Pedal

Hood

Assembly

Engine

Battery

Figure 8

Throttle/Choke Control

Use to regulate the engine speed and to start the engine.

“Go” Pedal

Use to regulate the ground speed of the rider mower.

Ignition Switch

Use to turn the engine ON or OFF.

Shift Lever

Use to change direction of the mower.

Grass Fill Level Indicator

Use to determine the level of grass clipping in the bag and when to stop and empty it.

Parking Brake

Use to stop the mower from moving while parked.

Blade Engagement Pedal

Use to engage or disengage the blade.

Blade Lock

Use to lock blade at the engaged position.

9

Cutting Height Adjustment Lever

Use to raise and lower the cutting deck which determines the cutting height.

Brake Pedal

Use to stop the mower’s forward or reverse motion.

Stopping Mower

Release blade engagement pedal all the way.

Release the "Go" Pedal and depress the brake pedal.

When the mower comes to a complete stop, place the shift lever in neutral.

Engage the parking brake by pulling up on the parking brake knob.

Turn the ignition key to OFF position and remove the key.

Safety Interlock

This unit is equipped with a safety interlock system for your protection. The interlock safety switches are connected to the brake pedal, the blade engagement pedal, the shift lever, and the seat.

The purpose of the safety interlock system is threefold:

a.to prevent the engine from starting unless the brake pedal is depressed and the blade engagement pedal is disengaged;

b.to shut off the engine if the blade pedal is not disengaged when the shift lever is put into reverse; and

c.to shut the engine off when the operator leaves the seat without engaging the parking brake.

WARNING: To avoid the risk of serious injury, do not operate the rider mower if the interlock system is malfunctioning.

Remove objects that could be thrown by the blade(s).

Know location and function of all controls.

Be sure blade(s) and engine are stopped before placing hands or feet near blade(s).

Before leaving operator's position, disengage blade(s), place the shift lever in neutral, engage parking brake, shut engine off and remove key.

Using Shift Lever

The shift lever is used to regulate the direction of your rider mower. It can be set at forward, neutral, or reverse settings. These settings, marked as F, N,and R respectively, are located next to the shift lever on the unit. See Figure 9.

Before you move the shift lever to any of the positions, depress the brake pedal and stop the unit. Keep your foot on the brake pedal.

CHOKE

Cutting

Height

Shift

Lever

Figure 9

Move the lever outwards (left) to remove the locking pin from the lever and slide the lever to the position desired. Look at the rear and make sure the path is free of obstacles before positioning the shift lever to the reverse.

Do not force the shift lever. If it does not shift, release the brake pedal slightly to line up the shifting collar in the transmission, then try to move the shift lever.

Slowly release the brake pedal and take your foot off the pedal. Always make sure that there is no one in the way when you run the mower.

Grass Fill Level Indicator

This indicator (Figure 10 ) was designed to add convenience to your riding mower. While the mower is running, air will flow through the discharge chute and into the grass catcher. If the grass catcher is empty, air flows through easily pushing the ball up. If the grass catcher isfull, air does not flow through it allowing the ball to fall. So if you see the ball in the grass catcher fill level indicator falling down, you should stop the mower and empty the bag.

Grass Fill Level indicator

Figure 10

10