Black Box 5200 LR5200A-R2 User Manual

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Series 5000 Bridge/Router

User and System Administration Guide

LR5100A-T,LR5200A-R2

© Copyright 2002 by Black Box Corporation.

Speed — Ethernet: Series 5100: 10 Mbps, Series 5200 10/100 Mbps. WAN: V.35, V.11, V24, G.703: up to 2.048 Mbps aggregate, CSU/DSU (WAN): 56/64 Kbps; ISDN(WAN): 128 Kbps

Protocol — IP & IPX Multi-Protocolrouter capabilities;Protocol-independentMAC-layerbridging; SNMP terminal access

Indicators — (4) LEDs: Power, LAN, Link 1, Link 2

Connectors — V.35 module: DB25 female;

V.11 / X.21 module: DB15 female

V.24 / RS.232 module: DB25 female;

RS.442 / RS.530module: DB25 female;

G.703module: BNC female;

CSU/DSU module: RJ48S; ISDN module: RJ45

Series 5100: 1 of 3 possible LAN connectors: BNC female Thinnet, RJ45 female 10BaseT, or DB15 female AUI; Series 5200 LAN connector: RJ45 female 10/100 BaseT

Console port DB25 female

Power — 100-250VAC,50-60Hz,0.3-0.7A (internal); IEC950 male connector

Size — Bridge/Routers: 2.5"H x 8"W x 14.5"D (6.5 x 20.5 x 37 cm);

WAN Interface Modules: 2”H x 2”W x 4”D (5.5 x 5.5 x 10.5 cm).

Weight — Bridge/Routers:11 lb. (4.9 kg);

INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD (Normas Oficiales Mexicanas Electrical Safety Statement)

1.Todas las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser leídas antes de que el aparato eléctrico sea operado.

2.Las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser guardadas para referencia futura.

3.Todas las advertencias en el aparato eléctrico y en sus instrucciones de operación deben ser respetadas.

4.Todas las instrucciones de operación y uso deben ser seguidas.

5.El aparato eléctrico no deberá ser usado cerca del agua—porejemplo, cerca de la tina de baño, lavabo, sótano mojado o cerca de una alberca, etc.

6.El aparato eléctrico debe ser usado únicamente con carritos o pedestales que sean recomendados por el fabricante.

7.El aparato eléctrico debe ser montado a la pared o al techo sólo como sea recomendado por el fabricante.

8.Servicio—Elusuario no debe intentar dar servicio al equipo eléctrico más allá a lo descrito en las instrucciones de operación. Todo otro servicio deberá ser referido a personal de servicio calificado.

9.El aparato eléctrico debe ser situado de tal manera que su posición no interfiera su uso. La colocación del aparato eléctrico sobre una cama, sofá, alfombra o superficie similar puede bloquea la ventilación, no se debe colocar en libreros o gabinetes que impidan el flujo de aire por los orificios de ventilación.

10.El equipo eléctrico deber ser situado fuera del alcance de fuentes de calor como radiadores, registros de calor, estufas u

otros aparatos (incluyendo amplificadores) que producen calor.

11.El aparato electico deberá ser connectado a una fuente de poder sólo del tipo descrito en el instructivo de operación, o como se indique en el aparato.

12.Precaución debe ser tomada de tal manera que la tierra fisica y la polarización del equipo no sea eliminada.

13.Los cables de la fuente de poder deben ser guiados de tal manera que no sean pisados ni pellizcados por objectos colocados sobre o contra ellos, poniendo particular atención a los contactos y receptáculos donde salen del aparato.

14.El equipo eléctrico debe ser limpiado únicamente de acuerdo a las recomendaciones del fabricante.

15.En caso de existir, una antena externa deberá ser localizada lejos de las lineas de energia.

16.El cable de corriente deberá ser desconectado del cuando el equipo no sea usado por un largo periodo de tiempo.

17.Cuidado debe ser tomado de tal manera que objectos liquidos no sean derramados sobre la cubierta u orificios de ventilación.

18.Servicio por personal calificado devera ser provisto cuando:

A:El cable de poder o el contacto ha sido dañado; u

B:Objectos han caído o líquido ha sido derramado dentro del aparato; o

C:El aparato ha sido expuesto a la lluvia; o

D:El aparato parece no operar normalmente o muestra un cambio en su desempeño; o

E:El aparato ha sido tirado o su cubierta ha sido dañada.

TRADEMARKS

IBM® is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. VT100™ and VT52™ are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. Wyse® is a registered trademark of Wyse Technology.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.

Warning: The user is cautioned that modifications to this equipment can void the authority granted by the FCC to operate the equipment

The following repairs may be made by the customer: none.

Canadian Emissions Standard ICES-003

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causingequipment standard entitled “Digital Apparatus”,ICES-003of the Industry Canada.

Cet appareil numérique respecte les limites de bruits radioélectriques applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe A prescrites dans la norme sur le matériel brouilleur: “Appareils Numériques”, NMB-003édictée par Industrie Canada.

For products marked with the CE Telecommunications label, the following declaration applies:

“The manufacturer declares that as shipped from the factory this product is in compliance with the CE Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive 91/263/EEC with the marking applied in respect of this declaration, and in respect of the following telecommunications interfaces,

X.21(V.11) - NET 1

X.21bis(V.28) and X.21bis(V.35) - NET 2

PSTN ISDN Basic Rate Interface compatible with I.420 - NET 3

The manufacturer further declares that the product conforms with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC and with the requirements of the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC (for radiated emissions at the Class A level). This product is not intended for residential applications.”

ISDN Type Approval Labels

Labels for National ISDN Type Approvals can be found on the inside surface of the backpanel of the ISDN module.

Canadian ISDN Approval

The ISDN interface of this device is intended for direct connection to the S/T jack of an NT-1unit and therefore does not require Communications Canada certification. The Series 5000 should only be connected to Communications Canada approvedNT-1units.

Statements for ISDN U Module

NOTICE: The Canadian Department of Communications label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational and safety requirements. The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction.

Before installing this equipment, users should ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunication company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. The customer should be aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations.

Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an authorized Canadian maintenance facility designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alteration made by the user to this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment.

Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone lines and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas.

CAUTION: Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or electrician, as appropriate.

Using This Manual

This Installation and Applications Guide provides the basic information required to initially set-upand configure the router. This guide is organized into the following sections:

Installation” provides instructions for installing the router.

Typical Applications & How to Configure Them” provides simple configuration examples for typical applications in which the router might be used. The applications described in this document are for example only and provide a method of quick configuration of the router. The applications and corresponding configuration may be combined if the operation of the router requires more complexity. For more complete information on all of the configuration parameters available please refer to the appropriate Menu Reference Manual file for your operating software on the accompanyingCD-ROM.

Introduction to Filtering” provides an introduction to the pattern filtering options of the router. Several examples of typical pattern filters are also provided.

Menu Trees” provides a graphical tree type overview of the structure of thebuilt-inmenu system of the router. All of the configuration is performed using the options provided in the menu system. The Menu Tree is like an index to the menu options.

Octet Locations on Ethernet Frames” provides a graphical representation of the various common Ethernet frames that the router will bridge or route. When defining a pattern filter, these frame displays indicate the offset values to use in order to define the pattern filter correctly.

Servicing Information” provides information on changing Link interfaces.

Interface Pinouts” provides information on Link interface connectors.

Using The Electronic Reference Manuals

This manual and the router Reference Manuals are provided as Adobe Acrobat PDF files on the accompanying CDROM.

The Adobe Acrobat Reader program required to view the Manuals is also loaded onto the CD-ROM.In addition, it is available for most computer operating platforms from Adobe on the Internet at: www.adobe.com.

The Reference Manual provides the following information:

Introduction to bridging, routing, and product features,

Pin out references for the link modules,

List of event and alarm logs, and

Expanded description of programmable filtering.

The PPP Menu Reference Manual provides the following information:

Complete description of the options for the built-inmenu system, including PPP ISDN, PPP Leased Line, 1490 Frame Relay and encapsulated PPP Frame Relay.

Contents

1

INSTALLATION

1

 

Unpack the Router .................................................................................................

1

 

Select a Site ..............................................................................................................

1

 

Identify the Reset Switch.......................................................................................

2

 

Identify the Connectors.........................................................................................

3

 

Connect to the Console .................................................................................................

3

 

Make the Link Connection(s) .......................................................................................

4

 

Power Up the Bridge/Router ...............................................................................

5

 

Managing the router Using the Menus...............................................................

5

 

Conventions ............................................................................................................

6

 

Login to Bridge/Router and Enter the Required Configuration ....................

7

 

Setting the T1/E1Parameters (T1/E1 WAN only)...................................................

8

 

Mandatory Configuration ..............................................................................................

10

 

Identify the Status LEDs .......................................................................................

11

2

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS & HOW TO CONFIGURE THEM 13

 

Bridging and Routing .............................................................................................

14

 

Should You Bridge or Route?...............................................................................

14

 

Bridging ............................................................................................................................

15

 

IP Routing ........................................................................................................................

16

 

IP Addressing ...........................................................................................................................

17

 

Masks..........................................................................................................................................

18

 

IP Subnets .................................................................................................................................

18

 

IP Default Gateway .................................................................................................................

20

 

IP Static Route..........................................................................................................................

20

 

IPX Routing.....................................................................................................................

21

 

Novell Servers in Both Locations .........................................................................................

21

 

Novell Servers in One Location Only..................................................................................

22

 

Novell Server with Dual LANs .............................................................................................

24

 

PPP Overview .................................................................................................................

25

 

PPP Link Configuration .........................................................................................................

25

 

Numbered Links ......................................................................................................................

25

 

Unnumbered Links..................................................................................................................

26

 

Multilink Operation .................................................................................................................

27

 

Basic WAN Configurations...................................................................................

28

 

Basic ISDN Connections ..............................................................................................

28

 

PPP ISDN Manual Call Quick Connections ......................................................................

31

 

IPX Router Manual Call Connection..............................................................................

32

 

IP Router Manual Call Connection.................................................................................

32

 

Basic Frame Relay Configuration.................................................................................

33

 

Auto Learning the Frame Relay Configuration ..................................................................

34

 

Manual Configuration - LMI Type .......................................................................................

35

 

Quick Start Frame Relay.........................................................................................................

36

 

Basic Leased Line Configuration..................................................................................

37

 

Quick Start PPP Leased Line Connections.........................................................................

37

 

Bridge Connection .............................................................................................................

38

 

IP Router Connection .......................................................................................................

38

 

IPX Router Connection ....................................................................................................

38

 

Configure Remote Site Profiles ............................................................................

39

Configure Remote Site Profiles for ISDN PPP

.........................................................40

Contents

 

Configure Remote Site Profile for Frame Relay........................................................

42

Configure Remote Site Profiles for Leased Line PPP ..............................................

45

Configure Remote Site Profiles for Frame Relay with ISDN backup ...................

47

Advanced Features.................................................................................................

48

Configure Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol....................................................

48

Network Address Translation and Port Translation ................................................

50

Security..............................................................................................................................

52

Configure PPP Security ...........................................................................................................

52

Configure Firewall ....................................................................................................................

54

Network Address Translation ................................................................................................

57

Filters ..........................................................................................................................................

57

Compression....................................................................................................................

57

Bandwidth On Demand ................................................................................................

58

3 INTRODUCTION TO FILTERING

59

MAC Address Filtering .........................................................................................

59

Pattern Filtering ......................................................................................................

60

Popular Filters.........................................................................................................

61

Bridge .......................................................................................................................

61

IP & Related Traffic .......................................................................................................

61

Novell IPX Frames.........................................................................................................

61

NetBIOS &NetBEUI (Windows For Workgroups).................................................

61

Banyan ..............................................................................................................................

62

IP Router .................................................................................................................

62

NetBIOS over TCP ........................................................................................................

62

Other interesting TCP Ports .........................................................................................

62

APPENDIX A MENU TREES

63

APPENDIX B OCTET LOCATIONS ON ETHERNET FRAMES

67

Octet Locations on a Bridged TCP/IP Frame ..................................................

67

Octet Locations on a Bridged Novell Netware Frame.....................................

68

ETHERNET Type Codes ....................................................................................

68

Octet Locations on an IP Routed TCP/IP Frame............................................

69

Octet Locations on an IPX Routed Novell Netware Frame...........................

69

Octet Locations on a Bridged XNS Frame ........................................................

70

APPENDIX C SERVICING INFORMATION

71

Opening the case ....................................................................................................

71

Identifying the Internal Components..................................................................

72

To Clear a “Lost” Password .................................................................................

73

Changing LAN or WAN Interfaces ....................................................................

73

Selecting MDI or MDI-XLAN Interface ..........................................................

73

Installing the ISDN Link Modules ......................................................................

74

Processor settings for the ISDN Link Modules ................................................

74

Changing the Termination Straps on the ISDN S/T Interface ......................

75

Connecting to the ISDN-ULink Module ..........................................................

75

Performing a Software Upgrade ..........................................................................

76

Contents

APPENDIX D INTERFACE PINOUTS

79

Pinout Information.........................................................................................................

79

Link Clocking Information ...........................................................................................

79

ATL-CSU/DSULink Module Information...............................................................

79

Console Pinouts ..............................................................................................................

81

V.24 & RS232C Link Pinouts...............................................................................

82

V.11/X.21 Link Pinouts .......................................................................................

83

RS442 & RS530 Link Pinouts...............................................................................

84

V.35 Link Pinouts...................................................................................................

85

RS232 Null-ModemCable Configuration ..........................................................

86

V.35 Null-ModemCable Configuration .............................................................

87

RS530 Null-ModemCable Configuration ..........................................................

88

RS530 To RS449 Conversion Cable ....................................................................

89

V.11/X.21 Null-ModemCable Configuration...................................................

90

Contents

* * * *

1 Installation

This product is a flexible Ethernet Bridge/Router that may be configured to service Local Area Networks and Wide Area Network connections over leased lines, ISDN circuits, and frame relay permanent virtual circuits. The router supports two independent LANs plus one WAN interface or a single LAN plus two WAN interface modules (if two ISDN BRI modules are installed, this will provide 4 WAN links)

PPP ISDN units provide bridging, IP/IPX routing, and compression over a PPP ISDN connection and support an ISDN BRI interface via an integralISDN-STorISDN-Ulink module. The ISDN BRI interface supports two 64 KbpsB-channels.

PPP Lease line units provide bridging, IP/IPX routing, and compression and support one or two physical wide area network (WAN) links that may operate at speeds up to 2.048 Mbps.

Frame Relay units provide bridging and IP/IPX routing and support 1 to 128 Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) across two physical wide area links running RAW 1490 or encapsulated PPP.

The following instructions provide a quick set-upguide for installation of the router:

Unpack the Router

Rough handling during shipment can damage electronic equipment. As you unpack the bridge/router, carefully check for signs of damage. If damage is suspected, contact the shipper. Save the box and all packing material to protect the bridge/router should it ever need to be moved or returned for service.

Check the packing slip that identifies the components and the LAN connector.

Select a Site

Place the bridge/router in a well ventilated area. The site should maintain normal office temperature and humidity levels. Air vents located on the sides of the bridge/router must have approximately one inch / 2.5 centimeters of clearance from any object.

1

Applications

Identify the Reset Switch

The small hole under the front right corner of the faceplate is used in case a hardware reset is required. The end of a paper clip is sufficient to toggle the small switch behind the hole.

Front

View

RESET

Bottom

View

Figure 1-1Location of the Reset Hole on Router

2