Black Box 1101 User Manual

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May 2010

LES1101A

LES1102A

1101 and 1102 Secure Device Servers

Securely monitor, access, and control the computers, networking devices, telecommunications equipment, and power supplies in your data room

or communications centers.

Manage your servers:

Locally across your management LAN or through the local serial console port.

Remotely across the Internet or private network.

Customer

Order toll-freein the U.S.: Call877-877-BBOX(outside U.S. call724-746-5500)

Support

FREE technical support 24 hours a day, 7 days a week: Call 724-746-5500or fax724-746-0746

Information

Mailing address: Black Box Corporation, 1000 Park Drive, Lawrence, PA 15055-1018

 

Web site: www.blackbox.com • E-mail:info@blackbox.com

1101 and 1102 Secure Device Servers

Federal Communications Commission and Industry Canada Radio Frequency Interference Statements

This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio-frequencyenergy, and if not installed and used properly, that is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause interference to radio communication. It has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A computing device in accordance with the specifications in Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user at his own expense will be required to take whatever measures may be necessary to correct the interference. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emission from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulation of Industry Canada.

Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la classe A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique publié par Industrie Canada.

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FCC and IC RFI Statements

Normas Oficiales Mexicanas (NOM) Electrical Safety Statement

INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD

1.Todas las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser leídas antes de que el aparato eléctrico sea operado.

2.Las instrucciones de seguridad y operación deberán ser guardadas para referencia futura.

3.Todas las advertencias en el aparato eléctrico y en sus instrucciones de operación deben ser respetadas.

4.Todas las instrucciones de operación y uso deben ser seguidas.

5.El aparato eléctrico no deberá ser usado cerca del agua—porejemplo, cerca de la tina de baño, lavabo, sótano mojado o cerca de una alberca, etc..

6.El aparato eléctrico debe ser usado únicamente con carritos o pedestales que sean recomendados por el fabricante.

7.El aparato eléctrico debe ser montado a la pared o al techo sólo como sea recomendado por el fabricante.

8.Servicio—Elusuario no debe intentar dar servicio al equipo eléctrico más allá a lo descrito en las instrucciones de operación. Todo otro servicio deberá ser referido a personal de servicio calificado.

9.El aparato eléctrico debe ser situado de tal manera que su posición no interfiera su uso. La colocación del aparato eléctrico sobre una cama, sofá, alfombra o superficie similar puede bloquea la ventilación, no se debe colocar en libreros o gabinetes que impidan el flujo de aire por los orificios de ventilación.

10.El equipo eléctrico deber ser situado fuera del alcance de fuentes de calor como radiadores, registros de calor, estufas u otros aparatos (incluyendo amplificadores) que producen calor.

11.El aparato eléctrico deberá ser connectado a una fuente de poder sólo del tipo descrito en el instructivo de operación, o como se indique en el aparato.

12.Precaución debe ser tomada de tal manera que la tierra fisica y la polarización del equipo no sea eliminada.

13.Los cables de la fuente de poder deben ser guiados de tal manera que no sean pisados ni pellizcados por objetos colocados sobre o contra ellos, poniendo particular atención a los contactos y receptáculos donde salen del aparato.

14.El equipo eléctrico debe ser limpiado únicamente de acuerdo a las recomendaciones del fabricante.

15.En caso de existir, una antena externa deberá ser localizada lejos de las lineas de energia.

16.El cable de corriente deberá ser desconectado del cuando el equipo no sea usado por un largo periodo de tiempo.

17.Cuidado debe ser tomado de tal manera que objectos liquidos no sean derramados sobre la cubierta u orificios de ventilación.

18.Servicio por personal calificado deberá ser provisto cuando:

A:El cable de poder o el contacto ha sido dañado; u

B:Objectos han caído o líquido ha sido derramado dentro del aparato; o

C:El aparato ha sido expuesto a la lluvia; o

D:El aparato parece no operar normalmente o muestra un cambio en su desempeño; o

E:El aparato ha sido tirado o su cubierta ha sido dañada.

European Community (CE) Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the protection requirements of European Emission Standard EN55022/EN61000-3and the Generic European Immunity Standard EN55024.

EMC:

EN55022 (2003)/CISPR-2(2002): class AIEC61000-4-2(2001): 4KV CD, 8KV ADIEC61000-4-3(2002): 3V/m

IEC61000-4-4(2001):1KV (power line), 0.5KV (signal line)

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1101 and 1102 Secure Device Servers

Trademarks Used in this Manual

Black Box and the Double Diamond logo are registered trademarks of BB Technologies, Inc.

Mac is a registered trademark of Apple Computers, Inc.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

Internet Explorer, Windows, Windows Me, Windows NT, and Windows Vista are a registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Nagios is a registered trademark of Nagios Enterprises LLC.

Java and Solaris are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Unix is a registered trademark of X/Open Company Ltd.

Any other trademarks mentioned in this manual are acknowledged to be the property of the trademark owners.

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Table of Contents

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

1.

Specifications..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

9

 

2.

Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

 

 

2.1

Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

 

 

2.2

Manual Organization ....................................................................................................................................................................................

10

 

 

2.3

Types of Users..................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

 

 

2.4 Management Console ....................................................................................................................................................................................

11

 

 

2.5 Hardware Description .....................................................................................................................................................................................

11

 

 

 

2.5.1 LES1101A Front Panel .........................................................................................................................................................................

11

 

 

 

2.5.2 LES1101A Back Panel..........................................................................................................................................................................

12

 

 

 

2.5.3 LES1102A Front Panel .........................................................................................................................................................................

13

 

 

 

2.5.4 LES1102A Back Panel..........................................................................................................................................................................

13

 

 

 

2.6 What’s Included ......................................................................................................................................................................................

14

 

 

 

2.6.1 LES1101A.....................................................................................................................................................................................

14

 

 

 

2.6.2 LES1102A.....................................................................................................................................................................................

14

 

3. Installation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

 

 

3.1

Power Connection...........................................................................................................................................................................................

15

 

 

3.2 Network Connection.......................................................................................................................................................................................

15

 

 

3.3

Serial Port Connection ....................................................................................................................................................................................

15

 

 

 

3.3.1 Non RS-232Serial PortPinouts—LES1102A .....................................................................................................................................

16

 

 

 

3.3.2 Non RS-232Serial PortPinouts—LES1101A .....................................................................................................................................

17

 

4. System Configuration ................................................................................................................................................................................................

18

 

 

4.1

Management Console Connection................................................................................................................................................................

18

 

 

 

4.1.1 Connected PC/Workstation Setup .....................................................................................................................................................

18

 

 

 

4.1.2 Browser Connection............................................................................................................................................................................

19

 

 

4.2 Administrator Password..................................................................................................................................................................................

20

 

 

4.3 Network IP Address.........................................................................................................................................................................................

21

 

 

4.4

System Services................................................................................................................................................................................................

22

 

 

4.5 Communications Software.............................................................................................................................................................................

24

 

 

 

4.5.1 SDT Connector.....................................................................................................................................................................................

24

 

 

 

4.5.2 PuTTY....................................................................................................................................................................................................

25

 

 

 

4.5.3 SSHTerm ...............................................................................................................................................................................................

25

 

5. Serial Port, Host, Device, and User Configuration ...................................................................................................................................................

26

 

 

5.1

Configure Serial Ports......................................................................................................................................................................................

26

 

 

 

5.1.1 Common Settings................................................................................................................................................................................

27

 

 

 

5.1.2 Console Server Mode ..........................................................................................................................................................................

28

 

 

 

5.1.3 SDT Mode.............................................................................................................................................................................................

31

 

 

 

5.1.4 Device (RPC, UPS, EMD) Mode...........................................................................................................................................................

32

 

 

 

5.1.5 Terminal Server Mode .........................................................................................................................................................................

32

 

 

 

5.1.6 Serial Bridging Mode ...........................................................................................................................................................................

32

 

 

 

5.1.7 Syslog....................................................................................................................................................................................................

33

 

 

5.2 Add/Edit Users .................................................................................................................................................................................................

34

 

 

5.3

Authentication.................................................................................................................................................................................................

36

 

 

5.4 Network Hosts .................................................................................................................................................................................................

36

 

 

5.5

Trusted Networks ............................................................................................................................................................................................

37

 

 

5.6

Serial Port Redirection .....................................................................................................................................................................................

37

 

 

5.7

Managed Devices ............................................................................................................................................................................................

38

 

6. Secure SSH Tunneling and SDT Connector...............................................................................................................................

...............................40

 

 

6.1 Configuring for SSH Tunneling to Hosts .......................................................................................................................................................

41

 

 

6.2

SDT Connector Client Configuration.............................................................................................................................................................

41

 

 

 

6.2.1 SDT Connector Installation..................................................................................................................................................................

41

 

 

 

6.2.2 Configuring a New Console Server Gateway in the SDT Connector Client....................................................................................

42

 

 

 

6.2.3 Auto-ConfigureSDT Connector Client with the User’s Access Privileges .......................................................................................

43

 

 

 

6.2.4 Make an SDT Connection through the Gateway to the Host..........................................................................................................

44

 

 

 

6.2.5 Manually Adding Hosts to the SDT Connector Gateway .................................................................................................................

44

 

 

 

6.2.6 Manually Adding New Services to the New Hosts............................................................................................................................

45

 

 

 

6.2.7 Adding a Client Program to be Started for the New Service ...........................................................................................................

47

 

 

6.3

SDT Connector to Management Console .....................................................................................................................................................

49

 

 

6.4

SDT Connector–Telnetor SSH Connect to Serially Attached Devices.........................................................................................................

49

 

 

6.5 Using SDT Connector for Out-of-BandConnection to the Gateway..........................................................................................................

50

 

 

6.6

Importing (and Exporting) Preferences ..........................................................................................................................................................

52

 

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6.7 SDT Connector Public Key Authentication ....................................................................................................................................................

52

 

6.8 Setting Up SDT for Remote Desktop Access .................................................................................................................................................

53

 

6.8.1 Enable Remote Desktop on the Target Windows Computer to be Accessed ................................................................................

53

 

6.8.2 Configure the Remote Desktop Connection Client ..........................................................................................................................

54

 

6.9 SDT SSH Tunnel for VNC ................................................................................................................................................................................

56

 

6.9.1 Install and Configure the VNC Server on the Computer to be Accessed........................................................................................

56

 

6.9.2 Install, Configure, and Connect the VNC Viewer .............................................................................................................................

58

 

6.10 Using SDT to Connect to Hosts that are Serially Attached to the Gateway .............................................................................................

59

 

6.10.1 Establish a PPP Connection between the Host COM Port and the Console Server .....................................................................

60

 

6.10.2 Setup SDT Serial Ports on the Console Server .................................................................................................................................

62

 

6.10.3 Setup SDT Connector to SSH Port Forward over the Console Server Serial Port..........................................................................

63

 

6.10.4 SSH Tunneling Using Other SSH Clients (for example, PuTTY) ......................................................................................................

63

7. Alerts and Logging.....................................................................................................................................................................................................

67

 

7.1 Configure SMTP/SMS/SNMP/Nagios Alert Service........................................................................................................................................

67

 

7.1.1 Email Alerts...........................................................................................................................................................................................

67

 

7.1.2 SMS Alerts ............................................................................................................................................................................................

68

 

7.1.3 SNMP Alerts .........................................................................................................................................................................................

68

 

7.1.4 Nagios Alerts ........................................................................................................................................................................................

69

 

7.2 Activate Alert Events and Notifications..........................................................................................................................................................

69

 

7.2.1 Add a New Alert ..................................................................................................................................................................................

70

 

7.2.2 Configuring General Alert Types ........................................................................................................................................................

70

 

7.2.3 Configuring Power Alert Type ............................................................................................................................................................

72

 

7.3 Remote Log Storage........................................................................................................................................................................................

73

 

7.4 Serial Port Logging ..........................................................................................................................................................................................

73

 

7.5 Network TCP or UDP Port Logging ................................................................................................................................................................

73

8. Power Management..................................................................................................................................................................................................

75

 

8.1 Remote Power Control (RPC) .........................................................................................................................................................................

75

 

8.1.1 RPC Connection...................................................................................................................................................................................

75

 

8.1.2 RPC Access Privileges and Alerts.........................................................................................................................................................

77

 

8.1.3 User Power Management ...................................................................................................................................................................

77

 

8.1.4 RPC Status ............................................................................................................................................................................................

78

 

8.2 Uninterruptible Power Supply Control (UPS).................................................................................................................................................

78

 

8.2.1 Managed UPS Connections ................................................................................................................................................................

79

 

8.2.2 Remote UPS Management..................................................................................................................................................................

82

 

8.2.3 Controlling UPS Powered Computers................................................................................................................................................

83

 

8.2.4 UPS Alerts .............................................................................................................................................................................................

83

 

8.2.5 UPS Status ............................................................................................................................................................................................

83

 

8.2.6 Overview of Network UPS Tools (NUT) ..............................................................................................................................................

84

9. Authentication ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

87

 

9.1 Authentication Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................................

87

 

9.1.1 Local Authentication............................................................................................................................................................................

87

 

9.1.2 TACACS Authentication .....................................................................................................................................................................

87

 

9.1.3 RADIUS Authentication .......................................................................................................................................................................

88

 

9.1.4 LDAP Authentication ...........................................................................................................................................................................

89

 

9.1.5 RADIUS/TACACS User Configuration ................................................................................................................................................

89

 

9.2 Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) ....................................................................................................................................................

90

 

9.3 SSL Certificate..................................................................................................................................................................................................

91

10. Nagios Integration ...................................................................................................................................................................................................

94

 

10.1 Nagios Overview............................................................................................................................................................................................

94

 

10.2 Central Management and Setting Up SDT for Nagios...............................................................................................................................

95

 

10.2.1 Setup Central Nagios Server .............................................................................................................................................................

96

 

10.2.2 Setup Distributed Console Servers ...................................................................................................................................................

96

 

10.3 Configuring Nagios Distributed Monitoring ...............................................................................................................................................

98

 

10.3.1 Enable Nagios on the Console Server ..............................................................................................................................................

98

 

10.3.2 Enable NRPE Monitoring...................................................................................................................................................................

99

 

10.3.3 Enable NSCA Monitoring..................................................................................................................................................................

99

 

10.3.4 Configure Selected Serial Ports for Nagios Monitoring ..................................................................................................................

100

 

10.3.5 Configure Selected Network Hosts for Nagios Monitoring............................................................................................................

100

 

10.3.6 Configure the Upstream Nagios Monitoring Host..........................................................................................................................

100

 

10.4 Advanced Distributed Monitoring Configuration.......................................................................................................................................

100

 

10.4.1 Sample Nagios Configuration...........................................................................................................................................................

100

 

10.4.2 Basic Nagios Plug-Ins .........................................................................................................................................................................

103

 

10.4.3 Number of Supported Devices .........................................................................................................................................................

103

 

10.4.4 Distributed Monitoring Usage Scenarios .........................................................................................................................................

104

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Table of Contents

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11. System Management ..............................................................................................................................................................................................

106

 

11.1 System Administration and Reset ................................................................................................................................................................

106

 

11.2 Upgrade Firmware ........................................................................................................................................................................................

107

 

11.3 Configure Date and Time .............................................................................................................................................................................

108

 

11.4 Configuration Backup...................................................................................................................................................................................

108

 

12. Status Reports ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

110

 

12.1 Port Access and Active Users........................................................................................................................................................................

110

 

12.2 Statistics .........................................................................................................................................................................................................

110

 

12.3 Support Reports ............................................................................................................................................................................................

111

 

12.4 Syslog .............................................................................................................................................................................................................

112

 

12.5 Dashboard .....................................................................................................................................................................................................

112

 

12.5.1 Configuring the Dashboard..............................................................................................................................................................

113

 

12.5.2 Creating Custom Widgets for the Dashboard ................................................................................................................................

114

 

13. Management ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

115

 

13.1 Device Management.....................................................................................................................................................................................

115

 

13.2 Port and Host Logs........................................................................................................................................................................................

115

 

13.3 Serial Port Terminal Connection...................................................................................................................................................................

116

 

13.4 Power Management .....................................................................................................................................................................................

117

 

14. Configuration from the Command Line................................................................................................................................................................

118

 

14.1 Accessing Config from the Command Line................................................................................................................................................

118

 

14.2 Serial Port Configuration ..............................................................................................................................................................................

120

 

14.3 Adding and Removing Users........................................................................................................................................................................

122

 

14.4 Adding and Removing User Groups............................................................................................................................................................

124

 

14.5 Authentication...............................................................................................................................................................................................

124

 

14.6 Network Hosts...............................................................................................................................................................................................

125

 

14.7 Trusted Networks ..........................................................................................................................................................................................

126

 

14.8 Cascaded Ports ..............................................................................................................................................................................................

127

 

14.9 UPS Connections...........................................................................................................................................................................................

127

 

14.10 RPC Connections ........................................................................................................................................................................................

128

 

14.11 Managed Devices........................................................................................................................................................................................

129

 

14.12 Port Log .......................................................................................................................................................................................................

129

 

14.13 Alerts............................................................................................................................................................................................................

130

 

14.14 SMTP and SMS............................................................................................................................................................................................

131

 

14.15 SNMP ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

132

 

14.16 Administration.............................................................................................................................................................................................

132

 

14.17 IP Settings ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

132

 

14.18 Date and Time Settings ..............................................................................................................................................................................

133

 

14.19 DHCP Server ................................................................................................................................................................................................

134

 

14.20 Services ........................................................................................................................................................................................................

134

 

14.21 NAGIOS........................................................................................................................................................................................................

135

 

15. Advanced Configuration.........................................................................................................................................................................................

136

 

15.1 Custom Scripting...........................................................................................................................................................................................

136

 

15.1.1 Custom Script to Run When Booting ..............................................................................................................................................

136

 

15.1.2 Running Custom Scripts When Alerts are Triggered ......................................................................................................................

136

 

15.1.3 Example Script—PowerCycling on Pattern Match.........................................................................................................................

137

 

15.1.4 Example Script—MultipleEmail Notifications on Each Alert..........................................................................................................

137

 

15.1.5 Deleting Configuration Values from the CLI ...................................................................................................................................

138

 

15.1.6 Power Cycle Any Device When a Ping Request Fails ......................................................................................................................

140

 

15.1.7 Running Custom Scripts When a Configurator is Invoked.............................................................................................................

141

 

15.1.8 Backing Up the Configuration and Restoring Using a Local USB Stick .........................................................................................

141

 

15.1.9 Backing Up the Configuration Off-Box............................................................................................................................................

142

 

15.2 Advanced Portmanager................................................................................................................................................................................

143

 

15.2.1 Portmanager Commands..................................................................................................................................................................

143

 

15.2.2 External Scripts and Alerts.................................................................................................................................................................

144

 

15.3 Raw Access to Serial Ports ............................................................................................................................................................................

145

 

15.3.1 Access to Serial Ports.........................................................................................................................................................................

145

 

15.3.2 Accessing the Console/Modem Port................................................................................................................................................

145

 

15.4 IP Filtering.......................................................................................................................................................................................................

145

 

15.5 Modifying SNMP Configuration...................................................................................................................................................................

146

 

15.6 Secure Shell (SSH) Public Key Authentication .............................................................................................................................................

147

 

15.6.1 SSH Overview.....................................................................................................................................................................................

147

 

15.6.2 Generating Public Keys (Linux) .........................................................................................................................................................

147

 

15.6.3 Installing the SSH Public/Private Keys (Clustering)...........................................................................................................................

148

 

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1101 and 1102 Secure Device Servers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15.6.4 Installing SSH Public Keys Authentication (Linux)............................................................................................................................

148

 

15.6.5 Generating Public/Private Keys for SSH (Windows) ........................................................................................................................

150

 

15.6.6 Fingerprinting.....................................................................................................................................................................................

151

 

15.6.7 SSH Tunneled Serial Bridging............................................................................................................................................................

152

 

15.6.8 SDT Connector Public Key Authentication ......................................................................................................................................

153

 

15.7 Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) Support .............................................................................................................................................................

154

 

15.8 HTTPS .............................................................................................................................................................................................................

154

 

15.8.1 Generating an Encryption Key..........................................................................................................................................................

154

 

15.8.2 Generating a Self-SignedCertificate with OpenSSL .......................................................................................................................

154

 

15.8.3 Installing the Key and Certificate......................................................................................................................................................

155

 

15.8.4 Launching the HTTPS Server .............................................................................................................................................................

155

 

15.9 Power Strip Control.......................................................................................................................................................................................

155

 

15.9.1 The PowerMan Tool ..........................................................................................................................................................................

155

 

15.9.2 The pmpower Tool ............................................................................................................................................................................

156

 

15.9.3 Adding New RPC Devices .................................................................................................................................................................

157

 

15.10

IPMtool...................................................................................................................................................................................................

157

 

15.11 Custom Development Kit (CDK) ..........................................................................................................................................................

160

 

15.12

Scripts for Managing Slaves..................................................................................................................................................................

160

Appendix. Linux Commands and Source Code...........................................................................................................................................................

161

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Chapter 1: Specifications

1. Specifications

CPU: MIcrel KS8695P controller

Memory: 16 MB SDRAM, 8 MB Flash

Serial Baud Rates: 2400 to 115,200 bps

Connectors: LES1101A: (1) DB9 RS-232serial, (1)RJ-4510/100BASE-TEthernet;

LES1102A: (2) DB9 RS-232serial, (1)RJ-4510/100BASE-TEthernet

Indicators: LES1101A: (4) LEDs: Power, Activity, On RJ-45:Connectivity, Activity

LES1102A: (5) LEDs: Power, Serial 1, Serial 2, On RJ-45:Connectivity, Activity

Temperature Tolerance: Operating: 41 to 122° F (5 to 50° C);

Storage: -20to +140° F(-30to +60° C)

Humidity Tolerance: 5 to 90%

Power: (1) 12-VDCuniversal input external wallmount powersupply,100–240VAC, 50/60 Hz

Size: LES1101A: 4”H x 1.75”W x 1”D (10.2 x 4.5 x 2.5 cm);

LES1102A: 3.9”H x 2.8”W x 1”D (10 x 7.2 x 2.5 cm)

Weight: LES1101A: 0.25 lb. (0.11 kg);

LES1102A: 1 lb. (0.45 kg)

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1101 and 1102 Secure Device Servers

2. Overview

2.1 Introduction

This User’s Manual walks you through installing and configuring your Black Box Secure Device Servers (LES1101A or LES1102A). Each of these products is referred to generically in this manual as a “console server.”

Once configured, you will be able to use your console server to securely monitor access and control the computers, networking devices, telecommunications equipment, power supplies, and operating environments in your data room or communications centers. This manual guides you in managing this infrastructure locally (across your operations or management LAN or through the local serial console port), and remotely (across the Internet or private network).

2.2 Manual Organization

This manual contains the following chapters:

Chapter 1. Specifications: Lists the general specifications for the console servers.

Chapter 2, Overview: An overview of the features of console server and information on this manual.

Chapter 3, Installation: Physical installation of the console server and how to interconnect controlled devices.

Chapter 4, System Configuration: Describes the initial installation and configuration using the Management Console. Covers configuration of the console server on the network and the services that will be supported.

Chapter 5, Serial Port and Network Host: Covers configuring serial ports and connected network hosts, and setting up Users and Groups.

Chapter 6, Secure Tunneling (SDT): Covers secure remote access using SSH and configuring for RDP, VNC, HTTP, HTTPS, etc. access to network and serially connected devices.

Chapter 7, Alerts and Logging: Explains how to set up local and remote event/data logs and how to trigger SNMP and email alerts.

Chapter 8, Power Management: Describes how to manage USB, serial, and network attached power strips and UPS supplies including Network UPS Tool (NUT) operation and IPMI power control.

Chapter 9, Authentication: Access to the console server requires usernames and passwords that are locally or externally authenticated.

Chapter 10, Nagios Integration: Describes how to set Nagios central management with SDT extensions and configure the console server as a distributed Nagios server.

Chapter 11, System Management: Covers access to and configuration of services that will run on the console server

.

Chapter 12, Status Reports: View a dashboard summary and detailed status and logs of serial and network connected devices (ports, hosts, power, and environment)

Chapter 13, Management: Includes port controls that Users can access.

Chapter 14, Basic Configuration: Command line installation and configuration using the config command.

Chapter 15, Advanced Config: More advanced command line configuration activities where you will need to use Linux commands. The latest update of this manual can be found online at www.Black Box.com/download.html

Appendix: Linux Commands and Source Code.

2.3 Types of Users

The console server supports two classes of users:

First, there are the administrative users who will be authorized to configure and control the console server; and to access and control all the connected devices. These administrative users will be set up as members of the admin user group and any user in this class is referred to generically in this manual as theAdministrator. AnAdministrator can access and control theconsole server using theconfig utility, the Linux command line, or thebrowser-basedManagement Console. By default, theAdministrator has access to all services and ports to control all the serial connected devices and network connected devices (hosts).

The second class of users are those who have been set up by the Administrator with specific limits of their access and control authority. These users are set up as members of the users user group (or some other user groups theAdministrator may have added). They are only authorized to perform specified controls on specific connected devices and are referred to asUsers. TheseUsers (when authorized) can access serial or network connected

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