Billy Goat AE400H, AE450 User Manual

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AE Owner’s Manual

BILLY GOAT AERATOR

Owner's Manual

AE400H & AE450

Replacement Parts

TINE ROW KIT

Complete tine row set for replacement of one complete row of tines. Includes mounting plates, spacer, and all hardware.

P/N 360197

TINE KIT

Individual coring tine for replacement of worn or broken tines.

P/N 360100

Part No 360251

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Form No F071206A

AE Owner’s Manual

ABOUT THIS MANUAL

THANK YOU for purchasing a BILLY GOAT® Aerator. Your new machine has been carefully designed and manufactured to provide years of reliable and productive service. This manual provides complete operating and maintenance instructions that will help to maintain your machine in top running order. Read this manual carefully before assembling, operating, or servicing your equipment.

CONTENTS

SERIAL PLATE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS

 

3

 

 

 

 

GENERAL SAFETY

 

4-5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INSTRUCTION LABELS

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

PACKING CHECKLIST & ASSEMBLY

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPERATION

 

 

8-10

 

MAINTENANCE

 

11-13

TROUBLESHOOTING AND WARRANTY PROCEDURE

14

 

 

 

MAINTENANCE RECORD

 

15

 

 

ILLUSTRATED PARTS & PARTS LISTS

 

16-19

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SERIAL PLATE DATA

Record the model number, serial number, date of purchase, and where purchased.

Purchase Date:

Purchased From:

Specifications

 

AE400H

AE450

 

 

 

Engine: HP

4.0 (2.98 kW)

5.5 (4.1 kW)

 

 

 

Engine: Model

GX120K1HX2

1273520049E1

 

 

 

Engine: Type

HONDA OHV

BRIGGS OHV

 

 

 

Engine: Fuel Capacity

2.1 qt. (2.0 L)

3.0 qt (2.84 L)

 

 

 

Engine: Oil Capacity

0.63 qt. (0.6 L)

0.66 qt. (0.62 L)

 

 

 

Total Unit Weight:

242# (109.8 Kg)

244# (110.7 kg)

 

 

 

Max. operating slope

20o

15o

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Form No F071206A

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GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS and SYMBOLS

The safety symbols shown below are used throughout this manual. You should become familiar with them before assembling, operating, or servicing this equipment.

This symbol indicates important information that will prevent injury to yourself or others.

This symbol indicates ear protection is recommended when operating this equipment.

This symbol indicates eye protection is recommended when operating this equipment.

This symbol indicates gloves should be worn when servicing this equipment.

This symbol indicates that this manual and the engine manufacturer’s manual should be read carefully before assembling, operation, or servicing this equipment.

This symbol indicates important information that will prevent damage to your BILLY GOAT ® Aerator.

This symbol indicates the engine oil level should be checked before operating this equipment.

Read and make sure you thoroughly understand the following safety precautions before assembling, operating or servicing this equipment:

READ this manual and the engine manufacturer’s manual carefully before assembling, operating, or servicing this equipment.

EAR PROTECTION is recommended when operating this equipment.

EYE PROTECTION is recommended when operating this equipment.

BREATHING PROTECTION is recommended when operating this equipment.

EXHAUST from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

DO NOT operate this equipment on any unimproved forested, brushy, or grass covered land unless a spark arrester is installed on the muffler as required by Section 4442 of the California Public Resources Code. The arrester must be maintained in good working order. Other states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands.

DO NOT run engine in an enclosed area. Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, an odorless and possibly fatal poison.

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DO NOT run this equipment indoors or in any poorly ventilated area. Refueling outdoors is recommended.

DO NOT refuel this equipment while the engine is running. Allow engine to cool for at least two minutes before refueling.

DO NOT store gasoline near an open flame.

DO NOT remove gas cap while engine is running.

DO NOT start or operate engine if strong odor of gasoline is present.

DO NOT start or operate engine if gasoline is spilled. Move equipment away from spill until gasoline has completely evaporated.

DO NOT smoke while filling the fuel tank.

DO NOT check for spark with spark plug or spark plug wire removed. Use an approved spark tester.

DO NOT operate engine without a muffler. Inspect muffler periodically and replace if necessary. If equipped with muffler deflector, inspect deflector periodically and replace if necessary.

DO NOT operate engine with grass, leaves or other combustible material near the muffler.

DO NOT touch muffler, cylinder, or cooling fins when hot. Contact with hot surfaces may cause severe burns.

DO NOT leave equipment unattended while in operation.

DO NOT park equipment on a steep grade or slope.

DO NOT operate equipment with bystanders in or near the work area.

DO NOT allow children to operate this equipment.

DO NOT operate equipment with guards removed.

DO NOT operate equipment near hot or burning debris or any toxic or explosive materials.

DO NOT operate equipment on slopes greater than specified in Specifications section of this manual.

DO NOT operate barefoot or wearing open sandals. Always wear substantial footwear

DO NOT place hands or feet underneath unit, or near any moving parts.

DO NOT operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

DO NOT aerate neardrop-offs,ditches, or embankments. The operator could lose footing or balance

DO NOT start engine without tine height adjust lever in up position and clutch bail engaged.

DO NOT change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine.ALWAYS Stop the tine reel when crossing gravel drives, walks, or roads.

ALWAYS Shut the engine off and wait until the tine reel comes to complete stop before performing maintenance.ALWAYS Use equipment only in daylight or good artificial light.

ALWAYS wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side shields

ALWAYS remove spark plug wire when servicing equipment to prevent accidental starting.ALWAYS check fuel lines and fittings frequently for cracks or leaks. Replace if necessary.ALWAYS store fuel in approved safety containers.

WARNING: Important

Remove all rocks, wire, string, etc. that can present a hazard during work prior to starting.

DO identify and mark all fixed objects to be avoided during work such as sprinkler heads, water valves, limbs, or clothes line anchors, etc.

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Form No F071206A

AE Owner’s Manual

INTENDED USE

INTENDED USE: This machine is designed for aerating established lawns and large grass covered areas. The machine should not be used for any other purpose than that stated above.

DO NOT operate if excessive vibration occurs. If excessive vibration occurs, shut engine off immediately and check for damaged or worn tine reel, loose pulley bolts or set screws, loose engine or lodged foreign objects. (See trouble shooting section on page 14).

INSTRUCTION LABELS

The labels shown below were installed on your BILLY GOAT ® Aerator. If any labels are damaged or missing, replace them before operating this equipment. Part numbers from the Illustrated Parts List are provided for convenience in ordering replacement labels. The correct position for each label may be determined by referring to the part numbers shown.

LABEL WARNING GUARDS

LABEL EXPLOSIVE FUEL

LABEL PATENT

LABEL WARNING UNIT WEIGHT

P/N 900327

P/N 400268

P/N 360286

P/N 360188

LABEL LIFT HERE

LABEL INSTRUCTIONS AE

P/N 360187

P/N 360262

ENGINE LABELS

 

BRIGGS

HONDA

THROTTLE CONTROLS

Briggs and Stratton

Honda

Throttle

Set lever to choke position when starting a cold engine

Choke

Fuel valve

Set lever to desired engine speed. Move lever completely to the left to stop engine

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Form No F071206A

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PACKING CHECKLIST

Your Billy Goat is shipped from the factory in one carton, completely assembled except for the upper handle assembly, and lift rod.

READ all safety instructions before assembling unit.TAKE CAUTION when removing the unit from the box.

PUT OIL IN ENGINE BEFORE STARTING

PARTS BAG &

LITERATURE ASSY

Warranty card P/N- 400972, Owner’s Manual P/N-360251,Declaration of Conformity P/N 360194.

 

 

48

FILL WITH

 

 

 

47

 

 

WATER ONLY!

 

118

 

2

 

83

 

 

 

 

52

46

82

Boxing Parts

Checklist

Owner’s Manual

AE 360251

Engine Manual Per

Model

Honda 4.0 HP

B&S 5.5 HP

ASSEMBLY

1. HONDA: Unfold the upper handle (item 48) and slide handle lock loops (item 118) into place to secure the upper handle to the lower handle (item 82 & 83).

1. BRIGGS Remove the bolts and nuts that are shipped in the upper handle. While holding the lock loops on the handle use the bolts and nuts removed above to attach the upper handle to the hinge bracket on the lower handles and tighten nut against the bracket. NOTE: DO NOT over tighten. The handle should be free to rotate for folding. 2.PIVOT the lift rod (item 46), insert the pin through the lift handle (item 52) then lock in place with lynch pin (item 47). Repeat same steps on other side.

3. FILL the water tank (item 2) to desired weight with water ONLY.

4. CHECK engine oil level and fill to proper level. Also check oil in gear reduction reservoir and fill if necessary. See engine owner’s manual for type and amount of oil to use. Move the tine engagement lever to the down position, to level engine during checking.

5. CONNECT spark plug wire. Set the engine stop switch to theON position. You will use the stop switch on the handle during operation.

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Form No F071206A

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OPERATION

Like all mechanical tools, reasonable care must be used when operating machine.

Inspect machine work area and machine before operating. Make sure that all operators of this equipment are trained in general machine use and safety.

PUT OIL IN ENGINE BEFORE STARTING

STARTING

ENGINE: See engine manufacturer’s instructions for type and amount of oil and gasoline used. Engine must be level when checking and filling oil and gasoline.

GEAR REDUCTION: See engine manufacturer’s instructions for type and amount of oil used. Engine must be level when checking and filling the gear reduction case. The engine is shipped from the factory with oil in the gear case.

It should be checked before first use.

ENGINE SPEED: Controlled by lever on the engine. Under normal conditions, operate at the minimum throttle speed to accomplish your task.

NOTE: The unit ground speed varies with the engine speed.

FUEL VALVE: Move fuel valve to "ON" position

Honda: Located below the air cleaner on the engine.

CHOKE: Engage the choke when starting a cold engine.

Honda: Located below the air cleaner on the engine.

THROTTLE: Move the throttle control lever on the engine to fast position. Pull starting rope to start engine.

IF YOUR UNIT FAILS TO START:

See Troubleshooting on page 14.

NOTE: Honda engines are equipped with a low oil sensor to prevent engine damage. When it senses a low oil condition (i.e. unit is operating or sitting on a steep slope) the engine shuts down. The low oil condition must be corrected before the engine can be restarted. See the engine owner’s manual for more information.

DO NOT operate if excessive vibration occurs. If excessive vibration occurs, shut engine off immediately and check for damaged or worn tine reel, loose pulley bolts or set screws, loose engine or lodged foreign objects. (See trouble shooting section on page 14).

HANDLING & TRANSPORTING:

Fig 2

 

CAUTION: This unit is heavy. It requires at least two people to lift it.

REMOVE: The aerator is equipped with a water tank as weight. Drain the water using drain plug before loading and unloading the unit.

NOTE: The water tank is also heavy (up to 50 lbs.) when it is full of water. The tank should be drained then handled carefully and secured in place during transport.

LIFTING: The aerator is equipped with lift handles. After draining the water tank, lift the unit with two people, one on each side of the unit. Grip the unit at the points marked "LIFT HERE" when lifting. Lift using your legs and not your back. See Fig. 2

USING RAMPS: Use ramps that are of adequate strength for a unit of this weight. When loading the aerator using ramps be sure the ramp is not too steep and that the surface of the ramp provides good traction.

Never lift the machine while the engine is running.

Part No 360251

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Lift here

 

 

 

 

Lift here

IT TAKES AT LEAST TWO PEOPLE. ONE ON EACH SIDE OF THE UNIT

Form No F071206A

AE Owner’s Manual

PARKING

NEVER PARK THIS UNIT ON A SLOPE OF ANY KIND. Always keep tines in the up position when parking the unit.

UNIT STORAGE

Never store engine indoors or in enclosed poorly ventilated areas with fuel in tank, where fuel fumes may reach an open flame, spark or pilot light, as on a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer or other gas appliance.

If engine is to be unused for 30 days or more, prepare as follows:

Remove all gasoline from carburetor and fuel tank to prevent gum deposits from forming on these parts and causing possible malfunction of engine. Drain fuel outdoors, into an approved container, away from open flame. Be sure engine is cool. Do not smoke. Run engine until fuel tank is empty and engine runs out of gasoline.

NOTE: Fuel stabilizer (such asSta-Bil)is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow mix ratio found on stabilizer container. Run engine at least 10 min. after adding stabilizer to allow it to reach the carburetor.

TINES RAISING/LOWERING

The tines are raised or lowered into the ground by operating the tine engagement lever on the upper handle. Tine penetration is very dependent on surface preparation. READ the entire operation section before aerating.

AERATING OPERATION

MOW: Mow the lawn to its normal cut height.

WATER: For the best performance and maximum tine penetration the lawn should be thoroughly watered the day before aeration.

INSPECT lawn before beginning work. Remove all rocks, wire, string, or other objects that can present a hazard during work prior to starting.

IDENTIFY and mark all fixed objects to be avoided during work, such as sprinkler heads, water valves, buried cables, or clothes line anchors, etc.

START ENGINE: See page 8.

SET SPEED: The ground speed of your aerator varies with the engine speed. Set the engine at approximately half throttle to start. Speed may be increased based on the turf conditions (i.e. large flat areas) and operator experience. Speed should be lowered when operating under adverse turf conditions (i.e. fenced areas, hills, or slopes).

MOVE: Be sure the tine engagement control is in the up position (tines out of the ground) and engage the wheel drive by squeezing the operators clutch bail against the handle. Transport the aerator to the work area.

Tines up transport

Tines down

Aerating

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Form No F071206A

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ENGAGE TINES: With the aerator in the work area, release the clutch bail and push forward on the tine engagement lever, lowering the tines into the dirt.

AERATE: Engage the operators clutch bail by pushing it forward to the handle, and start aerating.

NOTE: For maximum tine penetration apply downward pressure on the handle.

TURNING: At the end of an aerating run, release the clutch bail and lift up on the tine engagement control to lift the tines out of the ground. Using the handle lift the front of the unit to pivot it around and line up for the next pass.

TRANSPORT: Be sure to lift the tine engagement lever (tines out of the ground) before transporting away from the work area.

AERATING TIPS

WATER: For the best performance and maximum tine penetration, the lawn should be thoroughly watered the day before aeration.

SLOPES: Do not operate the aerator on steep slopes. Use extreme caution when operating on any sloped surface. For lesser sloped areas operate the unit, traversing up and down at a 45 degree angle to the slope rather than straight across. Extended operation on steep slopes can cause engine damage.

NOTE: DO NOT release the operators clutch bail when operating on a slope. This will allow the unit to free wheel and allow the unit to roll down the slope.

NOTE: Honda engines are equipped with a low oil sensor to prevent engine damage. When it senses a low oil condition (i.e. unit is operating or sitting on a steep slope) the engine shuts down. The low oil condition must be corrected before the engine can be restarted. See the engine owner’s manual for more information.

TINE PENETRATION: Maximum tine penetration is achieved by applying downward pressure on the handle during operation.

TURNING: At the end of a pass the tines can be lifted out of the ground to turn by lifting straight up on the operators handle.

ADJUSTING HANDLE HEIGHT

This unit is equipped with a height adjustable upper handle to allow for multiple operator heights. TO ADJUST THE HANDLE HEIGHT:

1.Remove the lock nuts (item 50) that secure the handle, one on each side, to the lower handle mounting studs.

2.Loosen the handle mounting bolts (item 51), one on each side, (See Fig. 3) and push the handle out and away from the lower handle mounting studs.

3.The handle is now free to rotate. Adjust the handle to the desired height. The BOTTOM handle mounting stud corresponds with the highest handle position. The TOP handle mounting stud corresponds with the lowest handle mounting position.

4.Completely tighten the handle mounting bolts (item 51), and replace the lock nuts (item 50) to secure the handle in place.

FOLDING HANDLE

This unit is equipped with a folding upper handle for easier storage. TO FOLD THE HANDLE (See Fig. 3): 1. Remove the latch pin (item 47) from the lift rod (item

(46).

2. Remove the lift rod from the lift handle (item 52) then pivot the lift rod toward the front of the unit. Repeat same steps on other side. 3. Slide handle lock loops (item 118) and secure on the

 

Fig 3

Fig 4

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Form No F071206A