Behringer 1002 User Manual
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Please note that all units must be properly grounded. For your own safety, you should never remove any ground connectors from electrical devices or power cables, or render them inoperative.

Please ensure that only qualified people install and operate the mixing console. During installation and operation, the user must have sufficient electrical contact to earth, otherwise electrostatic discharges might affect the operation of the unit.

1.3.3 Online Registration

Please register your new BEHRINGER equipment right after your purchase by visiting http://www.behringer.com and read the terms and conditions of our warranty carefully.

Should your BEHRINGER product malfunction, it is our intention to have it repaired as quickly as possible. To arrange for warranty service, please contact the BEHRINGER retailer from whom the equipment was purchased. Should your BEHRINGER dealer not be located in your vicinity, you may directly contact one of our subsidiaries. Corresponding contact information is included in the original equipment packaging (Global Contact Information/European Contact Information). Should your country not be listed, please contact the distributor nearest you. A list of distributors can be found in the support area of our website (http://www.behringer.com).

Registering your purchase and equipment with us helps us process your repair claims more quickly and efficiently.

Thank you for your cooperation!

2. Control elements and connectors

This chapter describes the various control elements of your mixing console. All controls, switches and connectors will be discussed in detail.

2.1 Mono channels

2.1.1 Microphone and line inputs

XENYX 502/802/1002/1202 User Manual

MIC

Each mono input channel offers a balanced microphone input via the XLR connector and also features switchable

+48 V phantom power supply for condenser microphones. The XENYX preamps provide undistorted and noise-freegain as is typically known only from costly outboard preamps.

Please mute your playback system before you activate the phantom power supply to prevent switch-onthumps being directed to your loudspeakers. Please also note the instructions in chapter 2.3.5“Phantom power and LED displays”.

LINE IN

Each mono input also features a balanced line input on a ¼" connector. Unbalanced devices (mono jacks) can also be connected to these inputs.

Please remember that you can only use either the microphone or the line input of a channel at any one time. You can never use both simultaneously!

GAIN

Use the GAIN control to adjust the input gain. This control should always be turned fully counterclockwise whenever you connect or disconnect a signal source to one of the inputs.

2.1.2 Equalizer

All mono input channels include a 3-bandequalizer, except for the 502, which is equipped with a2-bandEQ. All bands provide boost or cut of up to 15 dB. In the central position, the equalizer is inactive.

The circuitry of the British EQs is based on the technology used in the best-knowntop-of-the-lineconsoles and providing a warm sound without any unwanted side effects. The result are extremely musical equalizers which, unlike simple equalizers, cause no side effects such as phase shifting or bandwidth limitation, even with extreme gain settings of ±15 dB.

 

 

Fig. 2.2: The equalizer of the mono input channels

 

 

EQ

 

 

The upper (HI) and the lower band (LO) are shelving filters

 

 

that increase or decrease all frequencies above or below

Fig. 2.1: Connectors and controls of mic/line inputs

their cut-offfrequency. Thecut-offfrequencies of the upper

and lower band are 12 kHz and 80 Hz respectively. The mid

 

 

band (802/1002/1202) is configured as a peak filter with a

 

 

center frequency of 2.5 kHz.

XENYX 502/802/1002/1202 User Manual

LOW CUT

In addition, the mono channels (1002 and 1202) are equipped with a steep LOW CUT filter (slope at 18 dB/oct.,-3dB at 75 Hz) designed to eliminate unwanted lowfrequency signal components.

2.1.3 FX sends, panorama and level adjustment

Fig. 2.3: The FX send/panorama/level controls

FX (802/1002/1202 only)

FX sends (or AUX sends) enable you to feed signals via a variable control from one or more channels and sum these signals to a bus. The bus appears at the console’s FX send output and can be fed from there to an external effects device. The return from the effects unit is then brought back into the console on the aux return connectors (802) or normal channel inputs. Each FX send is mono and features up to +15 dB gain.

As the name suggests, the FX sends of the XENYX mixing consoles are intended to drive effects devices (reverb, delay, etc) and are therefore configured post-fader.This means that the mix between dry signal and effect remains at the level determined by the channel’s aux send, irrespective of the channel fader setting. If this were not the case, the effects signal of the channel would remain audible even when the fader is lowered to zero.

PAN

The PAN control determines the position of the channel signal within the stereo image. This control features aconstant-powercharacteristic, which means the signal is always maintained at a constant level, irrespective of position in the stereo panorama.

LEVEL

The LEVEL control determines the level of the channel signal in the main mix.

CLIP

The CLIP LED’s of the mono channels illuminate when the input signal is driven too high, which could cause distortion. If this happens, use the GAIN control to reduce the preamp level until the LED does not light anymore.

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2.2 Stereo channels

2.2.1 Stereo line inputs

Fig. 2.4: Stereo line inputs

LINE IN

Each stereo channel has two balanced line level inputs on ¼" jacks for left and right channels. If only the jack marked “L”(left) is used, the channel operates in mono. The stereo channels are designed to handle typical line level signals.

Both inputs will also accept unbalanced jacks.

2.2.2 Equalizer stereo channels (802)

The XENYX 802 features a stereo 3-bandEQ in each stereo channel. The filter characteristics andcut-offfrequencies are the same as those in the mono channels.

Fig. 2.5: The equalizer of the stereo input channels

A stereo EQ is highly preferable to two mono equalizers. when working on a stereo signal, as two separate EQ’s will usually produce an unwanted discrepancy between the left and right channels.

2.2.3 FX sends, balance and level adjustment

Fig. 2.6: The FX send/balance/level controls

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FX

The FX sends of the stereo channels function similar to those of the mono channels. However, since the FX send buses are both mono, a mono sum is first taken from the stereo input before it is sent to the FX bus. The 502 is not equipped with FXsends.

BAL

The BAL(ANCE) control determines the levels of left and right input signals relative to each other before both signals are then routed to the main stereo mix bus. If a channel is operated in mono via the left line input, this control has the same function as the PAN control used in the mono channels.

LEVEL

The LEVEL control determines the volume of the channel being sent to the main mix.

+4/-10

The stereo inputs of the XENYX 1002 and 1202 have an input sensitivity switch which selects between +4 dBu and-10 dBV. At-10dBV(home-recordinglevel), the input is more sensitive (requires less level to drive it) than at +4 dBu (studio level).

XENYX 502/802/1002/1202 User Manual

FX SEND

The FX SEND output (does not apply for 502) should be connected to the input of an external effects unit. Thepost-faderFX signal you created using the input channel FX controls is sent to the effects unit via theFX SENDouput. Use theFX SEND control of the main section to adjust the overall send level (1002 and 1202 only).

2.3.2 Monitor and main mix

Fig. 2.9: Monitor/main mix connectors

2.3 Connector panel and main section

2.3.1 Send/return effects path

Fig. 2.7: FX send/return connectors

Fig. 2.8: FX send/return controls

STEREO AUX RETURN

802 only: the STEREO AUX RETURN connectors are used to bring the output of the external effects device (whose input is derived from the aux sends) back into the console. You can instead use these connectors as additional inputs, but any effects device will then have to be brought back into the console via a normal stereo channel. This does, however, give you the ability to use the channel EQ on the effects return signal if you wish.

When using a stereo channel as effects return path, the FX control of the relevant channel should generally be turned fully down to avoid undesirable feedback.

If only the left connector is used, the AUX RETURN automatically operates in mono. Use the AUX RETURN control to determine how much of the effects signal is sent to the main mix.

Fig. 2.10: Monitor control and main mix fader

PHONES/CONTROL ROOM

The stereo PHONES jack (at the top of the connector panel) is where you connect headphones. The unbalancedCTRL ROOM OUT jacks carry the summed effects and main mix signals, as well as soloed channel signals. The

PHONES/CONTROL ROOM control adjusts the level of both headphones and main monitor outputs. The 502 is not equipped with control room outputs.

MAIN MIX

The MAIN OUT connectors are unbalanced mono jacks. The main mix signal appears here at a level of 0 dBu. TheMAIN MIX fader adjusts the volume of these outputs. The XENYX 802 and 502 mixing consoles feature a rotary control for this purpose.

XENYX 502/802/1002/1202 User Manual

2.3.3 CD/Tape connectors

CD/TAPE INPUT

The CD/TAPE INPUTs are used to bring an external signal source (e.g. CD player, tape deck, etc.) into the console. They can also be used as a standard stereo line input, so the output of a second XENYX or BEHRINGER ULTRALINK PRO MX882 can be connected.

Fig. 2.11: CD/Tape input/output

Alternatively the line or tape output of a hi-fiamplifier with source selection switch could also be hooked up here, allowing you to easily listen to additional sources.

CD/TAPE OUTPUT

These connectors are wired in parallel with the MAIN OUT and carry the main mix signal (unbalanced). Connect the CD/TAPE OUTPUT to the inputs of your recording device.

The output level is adjusted via the high-precisionMAIN MIX fader or rotary control (802).

2.3.4 Signal assignment

Fig. 2.12: Assignment switches of the main section

CD/TAPE TO MIX

When the TAPE TO MIX switch is depressed, the2-trackinput is assigned to the main mix providing an additional input for tape machines, MIDI instruments or other signal sources that do not require any processing.

CD/TAPE TO CTRL ROOM (502: CD/TAPE TO PHONES)

Press the CD/TAPE TO CTRL ROOM/PHONESswitch if you want to monitor the 2-track input via the CTRL ROOM OUT. This provides an easy way to monitor signals coming back from tape to ensure that they are recording correctly.

If you are recording a signal via the CD/TAPE OUTPUT and wish to listen to this simultaneously via the CD/ TAPE INPUT, do not use the CD/TAPETO MIX switch. Doing this would create a feedback loop, since the signal would be routed, via the main mix, back to tape via the CD/TAPE OUTPUT.To monitor the CD/TAPE INPUT, use the CD/TAPETO CTRL ROOM switch to assign the tape

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signal to the monitor(s) or headphones.This will avoid the tape signal being routed to the CD/TAPE OUTPUT.

FX TO CTRL ROOM

If you want to monitor only the FX send signal in your headphones or monitor speaker(s), press the FX TO CTRL switch. This mutes the main mix signal while routing the FX SEND output to the monitor(s). The XENYX 802 and 502 do not feature this switch.

2.3.5 Phantom power and LED displays

Fig. 2.13: Phantom power and control LEDs

+48 V

The red +48 V LED lights up when phantom power is on. ThePHANTOM switch activates the phantom power supply on the XLR connectors of all mono channels.

Please do not connect microphones to the mixer (or the stagebox/wallbox) as long as the phantom power supply is switched on. Connect the micro-phonesbefore you switch on the power supply. In addition, the monitor/PA loudspeakers should be muted before you activate the phantom power supply. After switching on, wait approx. one minute in order to allow system stabilization.

POWER

The blue POWER LED indicates that the console is powered on.

Level indicator

The high-precision4-segmentdisplay accurately displays the relevant signal level.

LEVEL SETTING: To correctly set the gains of the channels, first set the LEVEL controls of the input channels to their center positions (0 dB). Then use the GAIN controls to increase the input amplification until signal peaks show 0 dB on the level meter.

When recording to digital recorders, the recorder’s peak meter should not go into overload. While analog recorders can be overloaded to some extent, creating only a certain amount of distortion (which is common and often desirable), digital recorders distort quickly when overloaded. In addition, digital distortion is not only undesirable, but also renders your recording completely useless.

The peak meters of your XENYX display the level virtually independent of frequency. A recording level of 0 dB is recommended for all signal types.

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