Bard EIFM-5C User Manual
ECONOMIZERS WITH EXHAUST
For Use with Bard
and Heat Pumps
Bard Manufacturing Company
Bryan, Ohio 43506
Volume III Tab 19
Since 1914...moving ahead just as planned.
© Copyright 2004
General Information .................................................
Figure 4 ................................................................
Basic Installation ......................................................
Economizer – WA, WL & WH Series ......................
Figure 6 ................................................................
Figure 7 ................................................................
Table 1 ................................................................
Table 2 ................................................................
Manufactured under U.S. Patent number 5,301,744.
Other patents pending.
COPYRIGHT DECEMBER 2004
BARD MANUFACTURING COMPANY
BRYAN, OHIO USA 43506
The economizer should only be installed by a trained heating and air conditioning technician. These instructions serve as a guide to the technician installing the economizer package. They are not intended as a step by step procedure with which the mechanically inclined owner can install the package.
The economizer housing is shipped in one carton which contains the electrical harness, miscellaneous hardware and installation instructions.
The economizer installation requires an additional two stage cooling thermostat in place of the normal single stage cooling thermostat. Also additional low voltage wire will be required to transmit the second call (Y2) for cool. (i.e., Use 6 conductor thermostat wire for an air conditioning unit and 9 conductor thermostat wire for heat pumps.) See Page 9 for required thermostats.
If using a Bard master controller, the MC91AE master controller is designed specifically to control two (2) redundant Bard wall mount units equipped with economizers.
Any wall mount unit equipped with an economizer must also have a low ambient control installed. This control can be factory installed or field installed. If field installed, use kit
Upon receipt of the equipment be sure to compare the model number found on the shipping label with the accessory identification information on the orders and shipping document to verify that the correct accessory has been shipped.
Inspect the carton housing of each economizer as it is received, and before signing the freight bill, verify that all items have been received and that there is no visible damage. Note any shortages or damage on all copies of the freight bill. The receiving party must contact the last carrier immediately, preferably in writing, requesting inspection by the carrier’s agent. Concealed damage not discovered until after loading must be reported to the carrier within 15 days of its receipt.
FOR USE WITH
(1)Low ambient control is required with economizer for low temperature compressor operation.
EIFM models not suitable for use with hot gas bypass models.
1.Unpack the economizer assembly which includes the integral economizer with attached electrical harness, mixed air thermistor, miscellaneous hardware and installation instructions.
Open and lock unit disconnect switch before installing this accessory to prevent injury or death due to electrical shock or contact with moving parts. Turn thermostat to off.
BLOWER ACCESS PANEL
SERVICE ACCESS PANEL
2.Remove and save the existing exterior blower access and service access panels on the Bard wall mount unit. (See Figure 1.)
3.Remove and save existing unit return air filter and center screw in front grille. (See Figure 1.)
4.Remove and discard the exhaust cover plate. (See Figure 1.)
5.Install economizer by inserting the economizer into the unit to the far left side clearing the right filter bracket. Once the economizer is fully inserted, slide the economizer to the right until it is tight against the back of the control panel. (See Figure 2.)
EXHAUST COVER PLATE
IMPORTANT: Position front lip of economizer on top of front grille and condenser partition (See Figure 2 inset.) This is important to ensure proper drainage of any water entering damper assembly.
LEFT HAND UNITS – Slide the economizer to the left until it is tight against the back of the corner panel.
6.Mount mixed air thermistor to blower partition with screws provided. Bracket with sensor installs on top of blower partition and screws are installed from the underside. Route wires as shown and secure with wire tie. Connect wires to thermistor. (See Figure 2.)
7.Open unit control panel to gain access to unit low voltage terminal block.
8.FOR LEFT HAND UNITS – Reroute economizer wiring harness to the left side of the economizer. (See Figure 3.)
9.Route electrical harness leads through the 7/8" bushing in control panel (Figure 2) into low voltage box.
TOP VIEW OF
THERMISTOR BRACKET PART
RIGHT SIDE OF ECONOMIZER
LIP OF ECONOMIZER IS TO BE BETWEEN THE CONDENSER GRILLE AND SERVICE DOOR
INSTALL THERMISTOR TO BLOWER PARTITION. ROUTE WIRES FROM ECONOMIZER BEHIND FILTER BRACKET FILL & THROUGH WIRE TIE.
WIRE TIE TO SUCTION LINE
LOW VOLTAGE WIRES TO
WHEN INSTALLING ECONOMIZER, POSITION SO THAT HOLE IN FRONT LIP IS CENTERED OVER HOLE IN CONDENSER GRILLE TO INSERT A SELF DRILLING SCREW
TOP VIEW OF CONTROL PANEL
10.Connect leads with fork terminal to corresponding points on terminal strip. RE: C.Y.G. (See wiring diagram.)
11.Wire nut leads with 5/8" stripped ends to Y1 and Y2 leads from thermostat. See wiring diagram in this manual.
NOTE: Wires referenced in note one on wiring diagram are for special control application only and are not normally used in conjunction with other circuitry to open the damper regardless of outside temperature and humidity. Consult factory for details.
12.Close control panel cover
13.Reinstall the blower access panel at top of unit and secure with sheet metal screws.
14.Replace filter and screws in front condenser grille.
15.ECONOMIZER CHECK OUT
A.Remove mist eliminator (Figure 2). Locate the minimum position potentiometer (See Figure 4).
B.Energize the evaporator blower by switching thermostat to the manual fan position with heat/cool in the OFF position.
C.Cycle the minimum position potentiometer (factory set for 0% fresh air) 0 to full open. (See Figure 3.) Throughout checkout procedure observe operation of damper to insure there is free, unobstructed operation through the entire angle of damper travel. Then adjust the damper minimum open position to meet local codes or application requirements. See example below.
1.Measure return air temperature (RAT) (assume 75°F for example).
2.Measure outdoor air temperature (OAT) (assume 60°F for example).
3.Calculate the mixed air temperature (MAT) which will result from the desired combination of OAT (10 percent) and RAT (90 percent).
.1 OAT + .9 RAT =
or substituting example values
.1 (60°F) + .9 (75°F)
4.Adjust the minimum position potentiometer knob until proper mixed air temperature as calculated above is reached. Care should be taken to insure thermometer is sensing air that is well mixed.
5.Mark correct setting on dial of minimum position potentiometer for future reference.
D.Adjust the enthalpy control to position A, B, C and D to achieve the maximum combination of temperature and humidity acceptable for the installation as per Table 2 below. The suggested setting is between A & B 70° DB @ 55 percent RH. It is further recommended to always set the control at C or above.)
(See Figure 4.)
E.Switch the thermostat fan control to automatic and position the heat/cool switch to cool. Adjust the thermostat temperature to engage the first stage of cooling only (Y). This will cause the dampers to modulate to achieve mixed air temperature of 55° provided outside air enthalpy is sufficiently low. If enthalpy is too high for economizing, low enthalpy can be simulated by temporarily removing and jumping leads on terminal 2 and 3 of enthalpy control together. This will also cause the economizer damper to modulate away from minimum position. (Be sure to properly reconnect leads at end of checkout procedure).
ENTHALPY CONTROL SETTINGS
80 deg .F
73 deg. F
66 deg. F
(26 deg. C)
(23 deg. C)
76 deg. F
70 deg. F
63 deg. F
(24 deg. C)
(21 deg. C)
(17 deg. C)
74 deg. F
66 deg. F
59 deg. F
(23 deg. C)
(19 deg. C)
(15 deg. C)
71 deg. F
63 deg. F
54 deg. F
(21 deg. C)
(17 deg. C)
(12 deg. C)
F.Readjust temperature on the thermostat to engage the second stage of cooling (Y2).
The damper motor should return to previously set minimum position. Compressor motor should start.
G.Switch thermostat to OFF fan and OFF heat/ cool positions to
16.Replace control access panel and mist eliminator.
17.Remove blank off plate or barometric fresh air damper if installed on the service access panel. Plug the four (4) holes used to mount the BOP or BFAD with the plastic plugs supplied with the economizer.
18.Replace service access panel.
19.Economizer is now ready for operation.
ECONOMIZER – WA, WL & WH SERIES
•One piece construction – easy to install with no mechanical linkage adjustment required.
•Exhaust air damper – built in with positive closed position. Provides exhaust air capability to prevent pressurization of tight buildings.
•Actuator motor – 24 volt, power open, spring return with built in torque limiting switch.
•Proportioning type control – for maximum “Free Cooling” economy and comfort with up to 100% outside air.
•Enthalpy control to monitor outdoor temperature and humidity – adjustable.
•Minimum position potentiometer – adjustable to control minimum damper blade position.
•Mixed air sensor to monitor outdoor and return air to automatically modulate damper position.
ECONOMIZER SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
Condition A – Cool Outdoors
First stage cooling closes and powers the economizer dampers to economizer mode and the indoor blower starts. Mixed Air Sensor senses a mixture of return air and outdoor air and modulates the dampers accordingly. Compressor operation is inhibited.
(See Figure 5.)
If second stage closes on the thermostat, the dampers return to the closed or minimum position setting and the compressor starts for mechanical cooling.
CONDITION B – WARM OUTDOORS
First stage cooling cycles the compressor and dampers remain in mechanical cooling mode.
MECHANICAL COOLING OPERATION