Ariens 070 - Professional G, 071 - Professional G, 072 - Professional G User Manual

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Professional G Series

Owner/Operator Manual

987

SERIES

M O D E L S

070 - Professional G

071 - Professional G

072 - Professional G

08468700C Rev. 2/99

Supercedes 08468700,A,B

Printed in USA

A Message to Gravely Customers . . .

Welcome to the world of Gravely equipment. We are pleased that you have purchased the best tractor available. The care you give your Gravely tractor will determine the satisfaction and service life you will obtain from it. Use this manual as your guide. By observing the instructions and suggestions in this manual, your Gravely tractor will serve you well for many years.

Your Gravely dealer will be happy to supply any service or advice which may be required to keep your Gravely tractor operating at peak efficiency. The Dealer stocks genuine Gravely parts and lubricants; manufactured with the same precision and skill as the original. A factory trained staff is kept well informed on the best methods of servicing Gravely equipment

and is ready and able to serve you. If service is required, be prepared to supply the service person with the Model and Serial Number of the tractor, as well as a full description of the problem encountered.

NOTE: The descriptions and specifications contained in this manual were in effect at the time the manual was approved for printing. Gravely reserves the right to discontinue models without notice and without incurring obligation. The tractor described within this manual may not be identified as either standard or optional and the various illustrations may not be applicable to your particular unit. If you have questions, always check with your Gravely dealer.

Safety Alert Symbol and Notations

The following safety notations are used throughout this manual to call attention to special information or operating procedures. Understand the message in each notation and be alert to unsafe conditions and the possibility of personal injury.

NOTE: ANOTE points out general reference information regarding proper operation and maintenance practices.

IMPORTANT: AnIMPORTANT statement indicates specific procedures or information that is required to prevent damage to the machine or its attachments.

This safety alert symbol is used to attract your attention PERSONAL SAFETY IS INVOLVED! When you see this symbol - BECOME ALERT - HEED ITS MESSAGE.

DANGER: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury. It may also be used to alert against unsafe practices.

WARNING

The engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

OL4030

i

Contents

Models

Safety Alert and Notations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i

Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

Safety Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

Controls and Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Lubrication and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Service Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Trouble Shooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Inside Back Cover

Specific Model and Serial Numbers are on a label located on the frame of your tractor and on a label located on the product registration form. Record those numbers below and transfer the label from the product registration to place indicated below. Use these numbers whenever parts or service is required.

Model Number

 

TRANSFER

 

MODEL SERIAL

 

 

 

 

LABEL FROM

Serial Number

 

 

PRODUCT

 

 

 

REGISTRATION

©Ariens Company - All Rights Reserved

Model 987070

16 HP Briggs & Stratton, Hydraulic Lift

Model 987071

13.5 HP Robin, Manual Lift

Model 987072

20.5 HP Robin, Hydraulic Lift

Note: All references to “Left”, “Right”, “Front” and “Rear” are given from operator’s position.

Publications and Service Parts List

Order the following parts through your Dealer:

Part No.

Qty.

Description

 

 

 

08471600

1

Parts Manual

00026793

1

Service Manual

04202200

1

Battery

21527400

1

Air Cleaner (Robin EH64)

21527000

1

Oil Filter (Robin EH64)

21527300

1

Air Cleaner (Robin EH41)

08811700

1

Fuel Filter

21526900

1

Spark Plug (Robin)

08904651

3

Blade-60”

08861651

3

Blade-50”

03498451

3

Blade-40”

07219600

1

V-Belt-60”

07219700

1

V-Belt-60”

07226600

1

Belt-50”Mowerdrive

07226700

1

Belt-40”Mowerdrive

 

 

 

1

Safety Precautions

Safe Operation Practices For Ride-OnMowers

Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious injury or death. Your complete and unimpaired attention is required at all times. Purchaser must give these instructions to the people operating and maintaining this tractor.

General Operation

Read, understand, and follow all instructions in this owners manual, the engine manual, the attachment manual and on the machine before starting.

Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the instructions, to operate the machine.

Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the mower or other attachment.

Be sure the area is clear of other people & pets before operating. Stop machine if anyone enters the area. The operator is responsible for the safety of bystanders.

Before starting place the PTO lever in “Off” position and the gear shift lever in the neutral “N” position.

Never carry passengers.

Operate only from operators position, on the seat.

Do not operate in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and behind before and while backing.

Be aware of the attachment discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate without either the entire attachment or the guarding in place and functioning properly.

Slow down before turning to prevent tipping or loss of control.

Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off attachment, set parking brake, stop engine, move shift control to first gear position, and remove keys to prevent unauthorized use before dismounting.

Turn off power to attachment when not in use.

Disengage attachment clutch, stop engine, remove key and wait for moving parts to stop before leaving operators position for any reason such as removing, cleaning, servicing, or unclogging the attachment.

Operate only in daylight or good artificial light.

Do not operate the machine while under the influence of medication, alcohol or drugs. Safe operation of this equipment requires your complete and unimpaired attention at all times.

Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing

roadways or drives. Follow traffic laws when operating on or near a road.

Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck. When handling equipment connect the chassis to the transporting vehicle. Never connect from control levers, rods, or like items that could be damaged.

Use only attachments or accessories designed for your unit. See your Gravely Dealer.

Wear sturdy footwear. Do not operate tractor barefoot or when wearing open sandals or canvas shoes. Do not wear loose clothing that may get caught in rotating parts of unit. Wear hand, head, ear and eye protection.

Slope Operation

Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-controlandtip-overaccidents, which can result in severe injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope of it you feel uneasy on it, do not operate on it.

Operate up and down slopes, not across. Do not operate on steep slopes.

Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc. from the area of operation.

Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass or deep snow can hide obstacles.

Use slow speed. Choose a low ground speed so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope. Engage the directional control pedal slowly.

Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.

Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the machine. Use only approved hitch points.

Limit loads to those you can safely control.

Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.

Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage attachment power and proceed slowly straight down the slope. If you must stop when going up the slope and can not safely back down, disengage the PTO, release the direction control pedal, and depress the brake pedal. Then place the gear selector in low speed and slowly release the brake pedal, while slowly engaging the direction control pedal.

2

Safety Precautions (Continued)

Children

Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the machine activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

Keep children out of the area of operation and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

Never allow children to operate the machine.

Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.

Service

Do not change engine governor setting or over speed the engine.

Replace damaged or worn out muffler immediately. Continued use could result in fire or explosion.

Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.

A.Use only an approved container.

B.Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not smoke. Wipe off any spilled gasoline and allow vapors to dissipate before starting engine.

C.Replace fuel tank cap and container cap securely.

D.Never refuel the machine indoors.

E.Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open flame, such as in a water heater. Allow engine to cool before storing in any enclosure.

Never run a machine inside a closed area. Exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide, an odorless and deadly gas.

Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.

Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly. See page 7 for operatorpresence control check. If safety interlock is not functioning properly do not operate the tractor. Have repaired prior to use.

Keep machine free of grass, leaves or other debris build up. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to cool before storing.

Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object or if their is a sudden change in the sound or vibration of the equipment. Repair any damage before restarting.

Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running or when engine and exhaust parts are hot from operation.

Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown.

Frequently check components and replace, with manufacturer’s recommended parts, when necessary.

Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.

Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

Refer to Storage Section of this owners manual if unit is to be stored for extended period.

Use only Gravely accessories, attachments and replacement parts. Replace parts that become damaged or lost.

Do Not

Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

Do not operate near drop-offs,ditches, or embankments. The tractor could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

Do not operate on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.

Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.

Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.

3

Safety Decals

ALTERNATOR ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

12 VOLT NEGATIVE GROUND

D O N O T R E V E R S E B AT T E RY C O N N E C T I O N S . D I S C O N N E C T R E G U L ATO R W H E N W E L D I N G O N E Q U I P M E N T O R Q U I C K

C H A R G I N G B AT T E RY.

CAUTION

DO NOT OPERATE UNLESS ALL GUARDS, SHIELDS AND COVERS ARE IN PLACE

Manual Lift Models

CONFORMS TO ANSI B71.4 SAFETY

STANDARD COMMERCIAL TURF CARE

EQUIPMENT.

 

HIGHER

RELEAS

POSITION

E

 

 

LOWER

 

POSITION

LIFT RANGE CONTROL

SAFETY FIRST

DIRECTION

READ THE OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE

CONTROL

FORWARD

OPERATING OR DOING MAINTENANCE

ON THIS EQUIPMENT.

 

KEEP ALL GUARDS AND SHIELDS IN POSITION.

 

NEVER PERMIT CHILDREN TO OPERATE THIS

 

EQUIPMENT.

 

NEVER PERMIT PERSONS OTHER THAN THE

N

OPERATOR TO RIDE ON THIS EQUIPMENT.

 

LOOK FOR PERSONS AND HAZARDS.

 

BEFORE LEAVING THE OPERATOR POSITION

 

-PUT THE PTO CONTROL LEVER IN THE OFF POSITION.

- REMOVE THE IGNITION KEY.

REVERSE

-LOWER THE ATTACHMENT.

-SET THE BRAKE LOCK FOR PARKING.

 

HI

3

ON

WARNING

 

 

DO NOT SHIFT GEAR

 

OR RANGE SELECTOR

 

UNLESS VEHICLE IS

 

STOPPED AND

 

 

DIRECTION CONTROL

 

LEVER IS IN NEUTRAL.

 

N

 

OFF

 

 

 

LO

1

PTO

RANGE

 

CONTROL

SELECTOR

 

LEVER

UNLOCK

 

 

LOCK

STOP

THE ENGINE WILL NOT START

 

UNLESS:

GO

 

THE PTO CONTROL IS IN THE OFF

 

 

POSITION.

 

 

THE DIRECTION CONTROL IS IN THE

BRAKE LOCK FOR PARKING

N POSITION.

4

N

2

GEAR

SELECTOR

TO USE THE BRAKE LOCK

1.PUSH THE BRAKE PEDAL DOWN TO STOP.

2.PUT THE BRAKE LOCK LEVER IN THE LOCK POSITION.

3.PUSH THE BRAKE PEDAL DOWN AND PUT THE BRAKE LOCK LEVER IN THE UNLOCK POSITION TO UNLOCK THE BRAKE.

077253

PJ0330

Hydraulic Lift Models

UP

CONFORMS TO ANSI B71.4 SAFETY

STANDARD COMMERCIAL TURF CARE N HOLD

EQUIPMENT.

DOWN

SAFETY FIRST

READ THE OPERATORS MANUAL BEFORE

OPERATING OR DOING MAINTENANCE

ON THIS EQUIPMENT.

KEEP ALL GUARDS AND SHIELDS IN POSITION.

NEVER PERMIT CHILDREN TO OPERATE THIS

EQUIPMENT.

NEVER PERMIT PERSONS OTHER THAN THE

OPERATOR TO RIDE ON THIS EQUIPMENT.

LOOK FOR PERSONS AND HAZARDS.

BEFORE LEAVING THE OPERATOR POSITION

-PUT THE PTO CONTROL LEVER IN THE OFF POSITION.

-REMOVE THE IGNITION KEY.

-LOWER THE ATTACHMENT.

-SET THE BRAKE LOCK FOR PARKING.

HI

3

ON

WARNING

DO NOT SHIFT GEAR

OR RANGE SELECTOR

UNLESS VEHICLE IS

STOPPED AND

DIRECTION CONTROL

LEVER IS IN NEUTRAL.

N

DIRECTION CONTROL

FORWARD

N

REVERSE

4

N

OFF

 

 

 

 

LO

1

2

PTO

RANGE

 

GEAR

CONTROL LEVER

SELECTOR

 

SELECTOR

 

 

UNLOCK

TO USE THE BRAKE LOCK

 

 

 

 

LOCK

STOP

1. PUSH THE BRAKE PEDAL

 

DOWN TO STOP.

THE ENGINE WILL NOT START

 

2. PUT THE BRAKE LOCK LEVER

UNLESS:

 

GO

IN THE LOCK POSITION.

 

3. PUSH THE BRAKE PEDAL DOWN

 

 

 

THE PTO CONTROL IS IN THE OFF

 

 

AND PUT THE BRAKE LOCK

POSITION.

 

 

LEVER IN THE UNLOCK

THE DIRECTION CONTROL IS IN THE

BRAKE LOCK FOR PARKING

POSITION TO UNLOCK THE

N POSITION.

BRAKE.

077254

4

Controls and Features

 

 

1

8

 

2

 

 

11

 

3

 

10

9

 

12

 

4

7

6

5

13

 

 

PJ0340

14

15

16

PJ0350

1.

Ammeter

9.

Hourmeter (side of panel)

2.

Throttle Control

10.

Attachment Lift Switch

3.

Choke Control

11.

Ignition Switch

4.

Direction Control Pedal

12.

Brake Pedal

5.

Gear Selector

13.

Brake Lock Lever

6.

Range Selector

14.

Release Button

7.

PTO Control

15.

Manual Lift Lever

8.

Warning Light (Oil Pressure)

16.

Lift Range Control

Figure 1: Control and Feature Locations

5

Operation

NOTE: Read the tractor and attachment(s) manuals before operating the equipment. Operate the tractor only from the operator’s position on the seat. Service the tractor and attachment before operating.

FORWARD Direction Control Pedal

 

The direction control pedal controls the

 

movement of the tractor. Push the pedal

 

forward and lock over center to go forward.

REVERSE

Push the pedal back to move the tractor

backwards (Figure 1).

 

Range Selector

The range selector has two operating positions. The forward (“HIGH”) position is the fast gear. The rearward (“LOW”) position is the slow gear (Figure 1).

Throttle Control

The throttle lever (Figure 1) is used to control the engine speed. To increase the engine speed, move the lever up to the “FAST” position. To decrease the engine speed, move the lever down to the “SLOW” position.

Choke Control

The choke control is used to choke a cold

engine for starting. The choke control is located on the instrument panel (Figure 1). Pull the choke out to the “ON” position to

choke the engine. When the engine is warm, move the control to the “OFF” position.

Hourmeter

The hourmeter (on some models) shows total time which the ignition switch has been in the “ON” position (Figure 1).

Fuse

All models have a fuse to protect the electrical system. The fuse is located in the wire harness.

Ignition Switch

STOP

RUN

The ignition switch is operated with a START removable key. The switch has three

positions: “Off”, “On” and “Start”.

To start the engine, the key must be in the “Start” position. Once the engine has started release the key and it will return to the run position. To stop the engine, turn the key to the “Off” position.

3

4

Gear Selector

 

N

The gear selector has four operating

 

positions (Figure 1). See specifications for

 

 

1

2

ground speeds produced in each gear.

 

 

 

Attachment Lift Switch

UP

(Hydraulic Model)

N HOLD

The attachment lift switch is used to raise DOWN and lower the attachment. The lift switch is located on the instrument panel. Move the switch up

to raise, and down to lower the attachment.

Ammeter

The ammeter indicates the condition of the charging system. Normal operation will show the indicator needle slightly to the “Plus” side of zero.

Brake Pedal

Pushing the brake pedal down will stop the tractor and return the direction control pedal to “NEUTRAL”. Use the brake pedal for sudden stops and for holding the tractor on slopes.

 

 

 

Brake Lock Lever

 

UNLOCK

 

To lock the brake for parking, depress the

LOCK

 

STOP

 

GO

 

brake pedal and pull back on the brake

 

 

 

lock lever. To release, push on the pedal

 

 

 

and move the lock lever forward.

 

PTO Control

 

ON

To power an attachment, push the PTO

OFF

control forward to “ON”. To stop an

 

attachment, pull the PTO control rearward

 

to “OFF”. The operator must be in the

 

tractor seat to operate the PTO. If the operator leaves the seat while the PTO control is in the “ON” position, the engine will stop.

Warning Light

The tractor is equipped with a warning light to alert the operator in the event there is a problem with the engine. The warning light is located on the upper left side of the instrument panel. See Figure 1.

6

Operation

NOTE: The light is activated when there is a loss of oil pressure. If the light comes on while operating the tractor, stop the tractor and engine as quickly as possible and check the engine oil level.

To check to see if the light is operating correctly, turn the ignition switch to the “ON” position. The light should glow red.

NOTE: The engine must have been off for at least five minutes prior to performing this test.

Correct Operating Speeds

WARNING: On rough and sloping ground and when mowing and trimming near buildings, trees, and other obstructions, use a slow ground speed.

NOTE: Most attachments, especially rotary mowers and snowblowers, perform best when operated at full engine speed. Proper ground speed is determined by power limitations, the type of terrain, the quality requirements of the job being performed, obstructions, hazards, etc.

Using the Attachment Lift Systems

Manual or hydraulic lift systems are used to raise and lower attachments. Either can hold an attachment in position or let it follow the ground.

Using the Manual Lift System

To hold an attachment in position:

Lift the attachment to the raise position.

Lift the lift range control and slide it to the desired position.

Lower the attachment. The lift lever will stop against the lift range control. If the attachment is not in the desired position, repeat the first two steps.

To let an attachment follow the ground:

Move the lift range control to the lowest position.

Lower the attachment to the ground.

Using the Hydraulic Lift System

To hold an attachment in position:

Lift the attachment by moving switch to the “up” position until the attachment is fully raised.

Lower the attachment to the desired position by moving switch to the “down” position.

When the attachment reaches the desired position, release the switch. The attachment will be held in that position.

To let an attachment follow the ground:

Move the switch to the “down” position. When the attachment reaches the ground, hold the switch in the “down” position for approximately 1/2 second before releasing the switch.

Before Starting the Engine

Be sure that the tractor and engine have been properly serviced and maintained.

Operator Presence Control

The operator must be sitting in the seat to allow operation of the power take off (PTO) or traction drive.

CAUTION: The operator presence control is intended to stop the engine whenever the operator is not seated and the PTO and direction control pedal are not in the disengaged (PTO - Off, direction control pedal - Neutral) positions. Test this system each time the tractor is operated. If this system does not function as described do not operate until repairs are made. NOTE: Engine must not start unless PTO is disengaged and direction control pedal is in neutral.

Starting and Stopping the Engine

To start the engine:

The direction control pedal must be in “NEUTRAL” position and the PTO control must be at “OFF”

position.

Put the key in the ignition switch.

Move the throttle lever to a middle position.

If the engine is cold, move the choke lever to “ON”. If the engine is warm, the choke lever should be at

“OFF”.

Turn the ignition key to “START”. When the engine starts, move the choke lever slowly to “OFF”. If the engine does not start in five seconds, release the

key for a few seconds and then repeat. If the engine does not start within five tries see section 6 for instructions.

CAUTION: Do not keep starter running for over 15 seconds. Do not run the starter for more than 15 seconds in any one minute.

7

Operation (Continued)

To stop the engine:

Move the throttle lever to “SLOW” and idle with the PTO control disengaged for approximately 15 seconds.

Turn the ignition switch of “OFF”.

Remove the key before leaving the tractor.

Operating the Transmission

Use slow engine and transmission speeds until you know how to operate the tractor safely.

DO NOT SHIFT TRANSMISSION GEARS WHILE THE FORWARD OR REVERSE CLUTCHES ARE ENGAGED OR THE TRACTOR IS MOVING. This will damage the gears. Always place the direction control pedal in “NEUTRAL” and bring the tractor to a complete stop before moving the gear or range selectors.

To move in a forward direction:

Start the engine and move the throttle to give the desired engine speed.

Put the range and gear selectors in the positions that will produce the desired speeds. See section 7 for ground speeds produced.

Move the direction control pedal forward. As the tractor increases speed, push the pedal until it locks into position. If the pedal is not pushed all the way forward, slippage can damage the forward clutch. USE CAUTION WHILE LEARNING TO

OPERATE THE DIRECTION CONTROL PEDAL.

NOTE: The operator must be in the seat to operate

the direction control pedal. If the operator leaves the seat with the direction control pedal in the “Forward” position, the engine will stop.

To move in a reverse direction:

Follow the first two steps above.

Push down firmly on the bottom of the direction control pedal. The control pedal does not lock into a reverse position. You must continue to push down

firmly to continue reverse travel. The pedal will return to “Neutral” upon release.

8