Apple APPLESHARE IP 6.3 Getting Started Manual

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Getting StartedWith

AppleShare IP 6.3

Includes installation, setup, and configuration information

KApple Computer, Inc.

© 1999 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement.

The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K)for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors.

Apple Computer, Inc. 1 Infinite Loop

Cupertino, CA 95014-2084408-996-1010http://www.apple.com

Apple, the Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, LaserWriter, LocalTalk, Mac, MacDNS, Macintosh, and Power Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

Finder, iMac, and The Apple Store are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.

Java and all Java-basedtrademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.

PowerPC is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation, used under license therefrom.

UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries, licensed exclusively through X/Open Company, Ltd.

Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-partyproducts is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products.

Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada.

Contents

Preface

 

 

 

 

 

Getting Started

7

 

 

 

 

For More Information

8

 

 

 

 

1 Installing Your Software

 

9

 

 

Minimum System Requirements

9

 

 

Server 9

 

 

 

 

 

Administration Workstation

9

 

 

 

Client Computer

10

 

 

 

 

Getting the Most Performance From Your Server 10

Protecting Your Server 11

 

 

 

 

Backing Up Files Before You Install

11

 

 

What You Need Before You Install

11

 

 

Gathering Information 11

 

 

 

 

Setting Up Control Panels 12

 

 

 

Installing AppleShare IP Software

12

 

 

Installing Mac OS Server Admin on an Administration Workstation (Optional) 13

Installing AppleShare Client Software 13

 

Mac OS Clients 13

 

 

 

 

Windows Clients

14

 

 

 

 

2 Setting Up AppleShare IP Services

15

Setting Up Your Server to Run AppleShare IP

15

Configuring Your AppleShare IP Services

16

 

Registering Users and Creating Groups

17

 

Before You Register New Users

17

 

 

3

Built-inUsers

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Registering a New User

18

 

 

 

 

 

Creating a Group

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

Setting Up Shared Users and Groups

20

 

Creating Share Points

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

Setting Access Privileges to the Web Folder

21

Setting Up Windows File Sharing

22

 

 

 

Turning On Mail Services

24

 

 

 

 

 

Additional Setup for Multiple Mail Servers

25

Creating Print Queues

26

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enabling Web-BasedRemote Admin

27

 

 

Setting Up Domain Name System (DNS) Services 27

3 About Administration Software

29

AppleShare IP Easy Setup

29

 

 

 

 

 

Mac OS Server Admin

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

How Mac OS Server Admin Works

30

 

Starting Up Mac OS Server Admin Agent

30

Opening Mac OS Server Admin

31

 

 

AppleShare IP Print Admin

32

 

 

 

 

 

Opening AppleShare IP Print Admin

32

 

TCP Filter Admin

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opening TCP Filter Admin

32

 

 

 

 

AppleShare IP Advanced Setup

33

 

 

 

Opening AppleShare IP Advanced Setup

33

AppleShare IP First Aid

33

 

 

 

 

 

Opening AppleShare IP First Aid

33

 

 

Web-BasedRemote Admin

34

 

 

 

 

 

Opening Web-BasedRemote Admin

34

 

Control Strip 34

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Administration Software You Might Need

35

4Contents

Appendix A

Transferring Share Points and

Updating the Mail Database 37

Transferring Share Points and Access Privileges

37

 

Updating the Mail Database 38

 

 

Appendix B

 

 

 

Changing the Startup Disk 39

 

 

If You Plan to Continue Using the Old Disk 39

 

 

If You Don’t Plan to Continue Using the Old Disk

40

 

Appendix C

 

 

 

Using AppleShare IP Services

 

 

From a Client Computer 43

 

 

Using AppleShare IP Services From a Macintosh Computer

43

Using File Services

43

 

 

Using FTP Services

43

 

 

Using Web Services

43

 

 

Using Mail Services

44

 

 

Using Print Services

44

 

 

Using AppleShare IP Services From a Windows Computer

44

Using File Services

44

 

 

Using FTP Services

44

 

 

Using Web Services

45

 

 

Using Mail Services

45

 

 

Using Print Services

45

 

 

Contents 5

P R E F A C E

Getting Started

Follow the instructions in this section to install AppleShare IP for the first time, or to upgrade an existing AppleShare server.

To set up your AppleShare IP server, follow these steps:

1If you are upgrading AppleShare IP, back up your server (page 11).

2If you are currently using AppleShare IP 5, make sure your mail server users download all their mail before you proceed. Otherwise, you’ll need to update the mail database later.

3If you need to, install Mac OS 9. Follow the instructions in the installation manual that came with Mac OS 9.

4Set up the File Sharing, AppleTalk, and TCP/IP control panels (page 12).

5Install AppleShare IP software on your server (page 12).

6Use the AppleShare IP Easy Setup program (page 15).

7If you are currently using AppleShare 3 or 4, you may need to transfer share points (page 37) and create new print queues (page 26).

8If you are currently using AppleShare IP 5, you may need to update the mail database (page 38).

9If you plan to use TCP/IP, set up (or arrange for) DNS service (page 27).

10If you are installing AppleShare IP for the first time, configure the services you plan to use (page 16).

11If you want to administer services remotely, install Mac OS Server Admin on an administration workstation (page 13).

12If necessary, install AppleShare Client software (page 13).

7

For More Information

mAppleShare IP Help: Provides instructions and troubleshooting information for managing all AppleShare IP services. You can access AppleShare IP Help in several ways:

m In the Finder, open the Help menu and choose Help Center, then select AppleShare IP Help.

m In Mac OS Server Admin, click the button for the service you are administering and choose Help for that service.

m In AppleShare IP Print Admin or TCP Filter Admin, open the Help menu and choose AppleShare IP Help.

mAppleShare IP Help for Web-basedRemote Admin:Provides instructions and troubleshooting information for managing AppleShare IP services through a Web browser. To access Help while you are using Web-based Remote Admin, click the Help link at the bottom of any administration page in your Web browser.

mApple Support Web site: Provides troubleshooting information, access to Apple’s technical information library, information about support options, and access to the Tech Exchange, where you can participate in online discussions with other AppleShare IP users and Apple Support representatives:

www.info.apple.com/support/appleshareip/

mTips: Provide quick, convenient descriptions of the function of each button in Mac OS Server Admin. To use tips, position the pointer over a button in the Mac OS Server Admin service window. The tip appears below the button.

mLate-breaking news: Provideslast-minuteinformation about your software (all the information formerly provided in the AppleShare IP Read Me file).Late-breakingnews is located in AppleShare IP Help.

mAppleShare IP Web site: Provides information onthird-partysoftware products: www.apple.com/appleshareip/

mTelephone support: In the United States, if you have questions about AppleShare IP that are not answered by any of the resources listed above, call AppleCare at800-500-7078during telephone support hours (Monday through Friday, 6:00A.M. to 6:00P.M. Pacific Standard Time). If you are outside of the United States, refer to the support information that came with your AppleShare IP software.

8Preface

C H A P T E R

1

Installing Your Software

Minimum System Requirements

Server

mAny Power Macintosh computer with a PowerPCG4, G3, 604e, 604, or 601 microprocessor (includes iMac and Macintosh Server G3 computers), or a Power Macintosh 6500 series computer with a 603e microprocessor

mMac OS 9 installed

mEthernet networking and TCP/IP set up with a static IP address

m75 megabytes (MB) of free hard disk space

m64 MB of random-accessmemory (RAM) with virtual memory turned on; 80 MB of RAM with virtual memory turned off

Administration Workstation

You can administer AppleShare services from a remote computer using either Mac OS Server Admin (new with this release) or a Web browser. For more information on Mac OS Server Admin, see “Mac OS Server Admin” on page 30.

Minimum Requirements for Mac OS Server Admin

mAny Macintosh computer with Mac OS 8.6 or later installed

mMonitor with resolution of 800 x 600 or better

mEthernet networking and TCP/IP set up

m20 MB of free hard disk space

m5 MB of RAM (you may need more RAM if you want to administer more than three servers at once)

9

Minimum Requirements for Web-BasedRemote Administration

mAny computer that has Internet Explorer version 4.5 or later, or Netscape Communicator version 4.5 or later installed

mEthernet networking and TCP/IP set up

Client Computer

mAny Macintosh computer with Mac OS 7.6 or later installed

mAny computer with Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT installed

Getting the Most Performance From Your Server

Before you install AppleShare IP software, consider the following performance tips:

mDo not use an AppleShare IP server as a client workstation.

mUse the fastest network connection you have available.

mUse a static IP address for your AppleShare IP server.

mInstall additional RAM to support the expected number of connected users and file transactions.

mInstall additional hard disks to accommodate current storage needs and future growth.

mIf you’re not using a new computer for the server, consider reformatting the hard disk and reinstalling Mac OS system software. (Back up your data before you reformat the hard disk.)

mConsider using Mac OS Extended format for all shared drives. This will allow more efficient use of disk space.

mIf you’re using RAID software, create your RAID partitions before installing AppleShare IP. (Make sure you have at least SoftRAID 2.1.7 if you have decided to use Mac OS Extended format.)

Tip: Keep a standard Mac OS Extended format partition or volume for your system software, and set up share points on either a striped or mirrored volume (depending on whether your first priority is performance or redundancy). For more information on RAID arrays, consult your RAID documentation.

10 Chapter 1