Apple APPLESHARE IP 6.2 Getting Started

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AppleShare IP 6.2

Getting Started

Includes preparation, installation, and setup information

K Apple Computer, Inc.

© 1999 Apple Computer, Inc. All rights reserved.

Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the accompanying software license agreement.

The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. Use of the “keyboard” Apple logo (Option-Shift-K)for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for printing or clerical errors.

Apple Computer, Inc. 1 Infinite Loop

Cupertino, CA 95014-2084408-996-1010http://www.apple.com

Apple, the Apple logo, AppleShare, AppleTalk, LaserWriter, LocalTalk, Mac, MacDNS, Macintosh, MacTCP, and Power Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.

At Ease, Finder, iMac, Sherlock, and The Apple Store are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.

Netscape Navigator is a trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation.

NuBus is a trademark of Texas Instruments.

PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated or its subsidiaries and may be registered in certain jurisdictions.

PowerPC and the PowerPC logo are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation, used under license therefrom.

UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries, licensed exclusively through X/Open Company, Ltd.

Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

Other company and product names mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. Mention of third-partyproducts is for informational purposes only and constitutes neither an endorsement nor a recommendation. Apple assumes no responsibility with regard to the performance or use of these products.

Simultaneously published in the United States and Canada.

Contents

Preface

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Welcome to AppleShare IP 6.2

5

AppleShare IP Software Components

5

 

After You Read This Manual

7

 

 

 

 

Using the Onscreen Help

7

 

 

 

 

 

Learning About the Mac OS

7

 

 

Learning About AppleShare IP

8

 

 

1 Installing Your Software

9

 

 

Planning Your AppleShare IP Services

9

 

Preparing Your Computer’s Environment

10

Security 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

System Requirements

10

 

 

 

 

If You Are Upgrading Your AppleShare Software 11

Preparing Your Computer for AppleShare IP 12

Backing Up Necessary Files

12

 

 

Installing Mac OS 8.6

13

 

 

 

 

 

Creating Network Settings

 

13

 

 

Setting Up Energy Saver

23

 

 

 

Verifying the Computer’s Date, Time, and Time Zone 24

Installing AppleShare IP Software

25

 

 

2 Setting Up AppleShare IP

27

 

Using AppleShare IP Easy Setup

 

27

 

 

Normal Setup

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

Custom Setup

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

AppleTalk Setup

38

 

 

 

 

 

Using AppleShare IP for the First Time

41

 

 

 

Setting Up Shared Users and Groups

42

 

 

 

Registering a User for the First Time

44

 

 

 

Setting Up Share Points for the First Time

47

 

 

Setting Up Web Service for the First Time

50

 

 

Setting Up Windows File Sharing for the First Time

52

Setting Up Remote Administration for the First Time

54

Setting Up the Mail Server for the First Time

56

 

Setting Up the Print Server for the First Time

59

 

Getting Users Ready

62

 

 

 

 

 

Upgrading Mac OS Clients 63

 

 

 

 

Mac OS Client Services

64

 

 

 

 

Windows Client Services

65

 

 

 

 

Appendix

Changing the Startup Disk 67

4Contents

P R E F A C E

Welcome to AppleShare IP 6.2

This book explains how to install and set up AppleShare IP 6.2 and Mac OS 8.6 system software. A separate book, Mac OS 8.6 Installation Manual, provides additional information on Mac OS 8.6. See that book if you need more help installing the Mac OS.

AppleShare IP is a general purpose suite of server software that provides a variety of network services. AppleShare IP provides file sharing, World Wide Web, mail, and print services to clients on local area networks (LANs), intranets, and the Internet. With AppleShare IP, your server can handle a large number of clients, and you can control security, define the type of access for clients, and monitor your server’s activity.

New key features in AppleShare IP 6.2 include Mac OS 8.6 compatibility, ability to share users and groups information between servers, option to automatically create user home directories, Sherlock indexing capabilities, automatic hiding of non-accessibleshare points, automatic mail database verification, support for Realtime Blackhole Listanti-spam,support for remote POP account download, a queue setting to place new print jobs on hold, and secure print queues for Windows clients.

AppleShare IP Software Components

Here is a brief description of the AppleShare IP suite of products and where to find help for using them. (To learn how to access Help onscreen, see “Using the Onscreen Help” on page 7.)

mThe AppleShare IP Web & File Server program allows your computer to host a Web site and provides three types of file sharing services: AppleShare File Sharing (using the Apple Filing Protocol, or AFP) via TCP/IP or AppleTalk networks, Windows File Sharing (using the SMB/CIFS protocol via TCP/IP), and File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You manage Web and file services on your server using the Web & File Admin program.

Help is available onscreen in Tips and AppleShare IP Help.

5

mThe AppleShare IP Mail Server program provides integrated mail storage and mail forwarding services over TCP/IP and AppleTalk networks, including support for Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAPv4), Post Office Protocol (POP), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). You manage mail services on your server using the Mail Admin program.

Help is available onscreen in Tips and AppleShare IP Help.

mThe AppleShare IP Print Server program manages communication with the printers on your AppleTalk or TCP/IP network by allowing the server to act as a repository for print jobs. You can also set up secure print queues to control who can print. You manage print services on your server using the Print Admin program.

Help is available onscreen in Tips and AppleShare IP Help.

mAppleShare Client 3.8.3, while not required, provides the best AppleShare file sharing performance when installed on Mac OS client computers.

Instructions and system requirements are available in the AppleShare Client 3.8 User’s Manual (inside the AppleShare Client folder) on your AppleShare IP CD-ROMdisc.

mAppleShare IP Remote Administration allows you to remotely manage many AppleShare IP services from any computer connected to your network using any standard Web browser.

Help is available onscreen in AppleShare IP Remote Help.

mTCP Filter software allows you to define filters that allow or deny access to an AppleShare IP server from specified IP addresses or domain names. You can apply filters to individual protocols (such as IMAP or FTP) or create global filters that can be applied to all TCP/IP services on your server computer.

Help is available onscreen in Tips and AppleShare IP Help.

mMacDNS software provides Domain Name System (DNS) service for your network. You may need DNS software in order to communicate with the Internet and to allow users to enter names instead of numeric IP addresses when, for example, sending e-mail.

Help is available in the MacDNS Administrator’s Guide file inside the MacDNS folder in the AppleShare IP 6.2 folder on your server’s hard disk (after you’ve installed AppleShare IP).

AppleShare IP also comes with additional software to help you run your servers more effectively and efficiently. See the folders and files on your AppleShare IP CD. For more information on third-partysoftware products, visit the AppleShare IP Web site:

http://www.apple.com/appleshareip/

6Preface

After You Read This Manual

After you use this book to install and set up AppleShare IP 6.2, see the AppleShare Client 3.8 User’s Manual in the AppleShare Client folder on your AppleShare IP CD (or in the Client Software 3.8.3 folder on your server’s hard disk) for instructions on installing the client software. Once you’ve installed and set up the appropriate software on your server and client computers, you can refer to the onscreen documentation for information about using the software.

Using the Onscreen Help

Learning About the Mac OS

What’s New

After you install your Mac OS 8.6 software, you can learn about new features and changes in the Mac OS in the “What’s New in Mac OS” file in the Mac OS Read Me Files folder on your hard disk.

Getting Help

The Help menu is your main source of “how to” information about the Mac OS. After you install your Mac OS software, switch to the Finder, then choose Mac OS Help from the Help menu.

If you have questions about compatibility or other late-breakingnews about your software, refer to the Read Me documents in the Mac OS Read Me Files folder on your hard disk and the Mac OSCD-ROMdisc.

For the latest information about the Mac OS, including troubleshooting and compatibility tips, visit the Mac OS Web site:

http://www.apple.com/macos/

Welcome to AppleShare IP 6.2 7

Learning About AppleShare IP

Your main sources of information about AppleShare IP are Tips, AppleShare IP Help, and AppleShare IP Remote Help.

After you install your AppleShare IP software, you’ll also find Read Me files and other onscreen documents in the AppleShare IP folder. These documents contain late-breakingnews on AppleShare IP or instructions on how to use other software that comes with AppleShare IP.

For product updates and other information, visit the AppleShare IP Web site:

http://www.apple.com/appleshareip/

Tips

Tips unobtrusively remind you about the function of the AppleShare IP administration program buttons. To use Tips, position the pointer over a button in the window of an AppleShare IP program. The tip appears below the button.

AppleShare IP Help

AppleShare IP Help provides instructions and troubleshooting information for all of the administration programs except AppleShare IP Remote Administration. To open AppleShare IP Help while you are using an administration program, choose AppleShare IP Help from the Help menu. This opens AppleShare IP Help in the Apple Help Viewer. You can also open AppleShare IP Help by double-clickingits icon in the AppleShare IP 6.2 folder.

AppleShare IP Remote Help

AppleShare IP Remote Help provides instructions and troubleshooting information for all of the features of AppleShare IP Remote Administration, the application you use to administer your server from another computer. To access Help while you are using the Remote Administration application, click the Help link at the bottom of any Remote Administration page in your Web browser. You can also open AppleShare IP Remote Help by double-clickingits icon in the AppleShare IP 6.2 folder.

8Preface

C H A P T E R

1

Installing Your Software

Whether you are upgrading from a previous version of AppleShare IP or installing it for the first time, you need to follow the instructions in this chapter.

This chapter tells you how to

mplan your AppleShare IP services

mprepare your computer’s environment and software

minstall Mac OS 8.6 and AppleShare IP

Note: Your server should already be set up and connected to your network. If your server or network is not set up, set it up before continuing with this chapter.

Planning Your AppleShare IP Services

Depending on the services you plan to provide to your users and on the way your network is set up, you’ll need to answer the following questions before you install AppleShare IP.

mWill your clients be connecting to the AppleShare IP server via AppleTalk, TCP/IP, or both?

mWhat types of clients are on your network—MacOS, Windows, UNIX®?

mWhat type of physical connection (for example, Ethernet or LocalTalk) does your AppleShare IP server have to your intranet or the Internet?

mWhat is your server’s IP address, subnet mask, router address, and name server address?

mDoes your network have a computer that provides Domain Name System (DNS) service, or will you install this service? (DNS software is required for AppleShare IP Mail service and provided in your AppleShare IP 6.2 folder.)

Your network administrator should be able to help you answer these questions. If you do not have a network administrator or if you need more assistance, see the TCP/IP Connections Tutorial and the Network Configuration Setup Guide in the Tutorials folder on your AppleShare IP CD. You may also want to consult an Internet service provider (ISP) to help you answer these questions before continuing with your AppleShare IP installation.

9

Preparing Your Computer’s Environment

Before you install your AppleShare IP software, you need to prepare your computer and its environment by considering security issues, system (hardware and software) requirements, and facts about upgrading.

Security

AppleShare IP uses share points, user authentication, and access privileges to protect data from unauthorized access over a network. It also provides TCP Filter software that creates a software-basedfirewall to block server access from computers with IP addresses you define. However, someone with physical access to your computer can bypass these types of protection. (Access privileges, for example, allow or deny access over the network; they cannot prevent someone from opening a folder directly on the computer running AppleShare IP.)

Note: Not all AppleShare IP services support these security measures to the same extent. For more information, see AppleShare IP Help after you complete the instructions in this manual.

If you have any concerns about physical security—especiallyif you plan to store highly confidentialinformation—considerputting your computer in a room with controlled access.

System Requirements

System requirements for client computers are listed in the AppleShare Client 3.8 User’s Manual on your AppleShare IP CD.

To install the AppleShare IP software, you need the following hardware and software:

mHardware: Any Power Macintosh computer, iMac, or Macintosh Server with a PowerPCG3, 604e, 604, or 601 microprocessor, or a 6500 series computer with a 603e microprocessor.

Your computer should be set up and connected to your network.

To use the AppleTalk multihoming feature of AppleShare IP, your computer must have a Peripheral Component Interface (PCI) expansion slot. Computers with a 601 processor and NuBusslots cannot use AppleTalk multihoming. On networks where AppleTalk services are heavily used, AppleTalk multihoming can significantly reduce traffic and increase the speed of the Web & File Server.

The AppleShare IP Print Server works only with AppleTalk-compatibleLaserWriter printers, other PostScriptprinters that support the Apple LaserWriter 8 printer driver, andTCP-compatibleprinters that support the LPD/LPR protocol.

mDisk space: You need approximately 75 megabytes (MB) of disk space to install all of the AppleShare IP software.

10 Chapter 1