APC 650 User Manual

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Smart-UPSv/s®

120 VAC

Uninterruptible Power Source

Onduleur

Sistema de Alimentación Ininterrumpida

Models 420, 650, 1000, 1400

User’s Manual/Manuel de l’utilisateur/Manual de Usario English/Français/Español

Contents/Sections/Indice

 

English .........................................................................................

1

Français ......................................................................................

19

Español ......................................................................................

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Please note: The troubleshooting section (section 8) offers solutions for most of the difficulties you may encounter with this UPS. Before calling customer service, please have available your UPS’s serial number (see label on the rear of the UPS). A returned materials authorization (RMA) number is required for all return shipments to APC. Do not send return shipments to APC without an RMA number. See section 9.

Veuillez noter : La section «En cas de problème» (section 8) offre des solutions pour la plupart des difficultés rencontrées lors de l’utilisation de l’onduleur. Si vous appelez notre service clientèle, veuillez avoir à portée de main le numéro de série de votre onduleur (sur l’étiquette située sur le panneau arrière de l’onduleur). Un numéro d’autorisation de retour de marchandise (RMA) est nécessaires pour tous les renvois à APC (les conditons de service et d’inter vention varient selon les pays. Veuillez contacter votre agence APC pour tout renseignement sur les spécificités relatives à votre pays). Ne renvoyez aucun appareil à APC sans ce numéro.Reportez-vousà la section 9.

Sírvase tomar nota: La sección de detección y solución de problemas (sección 8) ofrece soluciones para la mayoría de las dificultades que puede usted encontrar con este UPS. Antes de llamar a servicio al cliente, sírvase tener disponible su número de serie del UPS (verlo en la etiqueta en la parte posterior del UPS). Se requiere un número de autorización de devolución de materiales (RMA) para todos los envíos de devolución a APC. No envíe despachos de devolución a APC sin un número RMA. Vea la sección 9.

Serial number:/Numéro de série:/Número de serie:

Toll free technical support:

Numéro vert de l’assistance technique: Número de teléfono sin costo para apoyo técnico:

United States and Canada

1-800-800-4272

Ireland

1-800-702000

U. K.

0800-132990

In areas without toll free numbers, call: +1 401 789 5735 (USA) or

+353 91 702020 (Ireland)

Return shipment addresses:

Adresse d’expédition des renvois : Direcciones para devolver mercadería:

American Power Conversion Corporation 132 Fairgrounds Road

P. O. Box 278

West Kingston, Rhode Island 02892 USA

American Power Conversion Corporation (A. P. C.) b. v.

Ballybritt Business Park Galway

Ireland

English

Entire contents copyright © 1994 American Power Conversion. All rights reserved; reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Smart-UPSv/s is a registered trademark of APC. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Part Number 990-2016

Revised 11/94

1.

Introduction ...........................................................................

1

2.

Safety .....................................................................................

3

3.

Presentation ...........................................................................

4

4.

Installation .............................................................................

5

5.

Operation ..............................................................................

8

6.

Alarms ...................................................................................

9

7.

Options..................................................................................

9

8.

Troubleshooting ...................................................................

10

9.

Service .................................................................................

11

10.

Battery Replacement ............................................................

12

11.

Storage ................................................................................

14

12.

Specifications .......................................................................

15

13.

How to Determine On-batteryRun Time ...............................

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1.Introduction

1.1Thank you!

Thank you for selecting this uninterruptible power source (UPS). It is designed for many years of reliable, maintenance-freeservice.

Important!

Please read this manual. It provides safety, installation, and operating instructions that will help you get the fullest performance and service life from your UPS. This manual describes the inner workings of the UPS and how they relate to providing superior protection from utility power problems such as blackouts, brownouts, sags, swells, EMI/RFI noise, and surges. Also included are instructions for obtaining factory service, if necessary.

If you have a problem with the UPS, please refer to this manual before calling customer service. The troubleshooting section (section 8) can help with most situations typically encountered when using the UPS.

Please save the packaging materials!

The UPS’s shipping materials are designed with great care to provide protection during shipping. These materials are invaluable if you ever have to return the UPS for service. Damage sustained during transit is not covered under the warranty.

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1.2 Radio Frequency Interference

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules and the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.

However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment causes interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

nreorient the receiving antenna

nincrease the separation between the equipment and the receiver

nconnect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected

nconsult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Shielded communications interface cables must be used with this product.

Warning: Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

1.3 Theory of Operation

This high-performance,line-interactive,uninterruptible power source (UPS) provides clean, reliable, AC power to computer systems — protecting them from power blackouts, brownouts, swells, sags, surges, and interference.

Normally, the UPS operates “on-line,”supplying power from theutility input to theload (workstation, server, or other device). Theconverter circuitry is used to maintain an optimal float charge level on thebattery.

When the utility fails, the disconnect switch opens and theconverter supplies AC power to theload. The loads operate normally until shut down or until the battery is exhausted. The UPS automatically transfers the load back to utility power and recharges the batteries when the line voltage returns to normal.

The UPS also provides surge protection and EMI/RFI filtering, as well asSmartBoost™ and SmartTrim™ (automatic voltage regulation), which corrects high and low input voltage without drawing power from the battery.

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Output control uses the UPS’s remote interface to turn the load on or off, without disabling other UPS functions.

1.4 Features

Intelligent Battery Management

The UPS provides visual and audible indications of the battery’s status including low battery and replace battery conditions.

The UPS exercises the battery during its self-test,and will detect a weak battery before it is put into service. The UPS normally performs aself-testat power up and every 14 days thereafter. Selftests can also be conducted manually with the on/test button at any time. See section 5.2.

The UPS features user-replaceablehot-swappablebatteries. Batteries can be replaced without having to remove power from the loads or send the UPS in for service.

Power Management Software

This UPS offers advanced features when connected via the computer interface to a device using power management software.

Telephone Line and Network Surge Protection

This UPS provides advanced single telephone line or 10Base-Tnetwork surge suppression through the modular connectors on the back panel. See section 4.

2. Safety

CAUTION!

nTo reduce the risk of electric shock in conditions where load equipment grounding cannot be verified, disconnect the UPS from the AC power outlet before installing a computer interface or accessory slot signal cable. Reconnect the power cord only after all signaling connections are made.

nConnect the UPS to a two-pole,three-wiregrounding AC power outlet. The receptacle must be connected to appropriate branch protection (fuse or circuit breaker). Connection to any other type of receptacle may result in a shock hazard and violate local electrical codes.

nThe UPS has an internal energy source (the battery). The output may be energized when the unit is not connected to an AC power outlet.

English

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nTo deenergize the outputs of the UPS:

1. If the UPS is on press the on/off/test button for more than one second to switch the UPS off.

2. Disconnect the UPS from the AC power outlet.

3. To deenergize the UPS completely, disconnect the battery. See section 10.

nUse of this equipment in life support applications where failure of this equipment can reasonably be expected to cause the failure of the life support equipment or to significantly effect its safety or effectiveness is not recommended.

3.Presentation

3.1 Front panel

Press the on/off/test button with the UPS plugged in to turn the UPS on or off. See Sec. 5.1.On/off/test also activates the UPS’sself-test.See section 5.2.

The overload LED illuminates when the loads connected to the UPS exceed the UPS’s power capacity. See section 6.2.

The replace battery LED illuminates when the UPS’s battery is no longer useful and must be replaced. See section 10.

The on-battery LED illuminates when the UPS is supplying battery power to the loads.

The on-line LED means that filtered utility line is passing through the UPS to your equipment.

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3.2 Rear Panel

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420 and 650 VA

1000 and 1400 VA

The input power connector is a power cord with a NEMA5-15Pconnector. Theoutput power receptacles are NEMA5-15Rtype.

The RJ-45/RJ-11modular combination is used fortelephone/network surge protection with single telephone lines and10Base-Tnetworks. See section 4.5.

The computer interface port is for UPS monitoring and control. See section 4.4.

The site wiring fault indicator illuminates when the UPS is connected to an improperly wired AC power outlet. See section 4.9.

The input circuit breaker trips when loads exceed the UPS’s capacity. The resettable center plungers of the circuit breakers extend when tripped.

4. Installation

To obtain warranty coverage fill out and return the warranty registration card now.

4.1 Inspection

Inspect the UPS upon receipt. Notify the carrier and dealer if there is damage. The packaging is recyclable; save it for reuse or dispose of it properly.

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4.2 Placement

Install the UPS in a protected area with adequate air flow the areas should be free of excessive dust. Do not operate the UPS where the temperature and humidity is outside the specified limits. See section 12. Allow the UPS to come to room temperature before continuing.

4.3 Protection Strategies

This UPS provides high performance power line protection to the loads. There are, however, other potential entry points for damaging surges in information systems. These include serial ports (RS232, RS-422,RS-485,etc.), parallel ports, telephone lines, and LAN connections. These other entry points must be considered in developing a comprehensive protection strategy for your system. Contact your dealer or call the number in the front of this manual for information on related products designed to accomplish total system protection.

Sensitive information systems can be further safeguarded by following these guidelines:

nVerify that all electrical outlets are properly grounded. See section 4.9.

nConnect computer leads to a different electrical service branch than heavy motor loads like air conditioners, copiers, refrigerators, and heavy industrial machinery.

nPlug all power protection and computer equipment into outlets connected to the same service branch (controlled by the same fuse or circuit breaker) where possible.

4.4 Connect Computer Interface (Optional)

Power management software and interface kits can be used with this UPS. Use only kits supplied or approved by the manufacturer. If used, connect the interface cable to the 9-pincomputer interface port on the back panel of the UPS. Secure the connector’s screws to complete the connection.Note: Computer interface connection is optional. The UPS works properly without a computer interface connection.

4.5 Connect Telephone/Network Surge Suppression (Optional)

Connect a single line telephone or a 10Base-Tnetwork cable into the telephone/network surge protection sockets on the back of the UPS. TheRJ-45/RJ-11modular combination sockets accept all standard single line telephone and10Base-Tconnections. This connection will require another length of telephone cable (supplied) or network cabling (not supplied) to complete the connection.Note: This connection is optional. It is not needed to use the UPS.

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