AOpen CRW2440 User Manual

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Copyright

© Copyright 2001 by AOpen Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written permission of AOpen Inc. All brand and product names are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective holders.

Disclaimer

AOpen Inc. makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed “as is”. Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not AOpen Inc., its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the software. Further, AOpen Inc. reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Statement

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

ŸReorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

ŸIncrease the separation between the equipment and receiver.

ŸConnect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

ŸConsult the dealer or an experienced radio / TV technician help.

FCC Warning

Changes or modification not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.

Table of Contents

1.

Use Precautions ...................................................................

1

 

1.1.

Warning for Safety.......................................................................................

1

 

1.2. Warning as to Use.......................................................................................

1

2.

Introduction ..........................................................................

2

 

2.1.

Overview .....................................................................................................

2

 

2.2.

Features......................................................................................................

3

 

2.3.

Format Compatibility ...................................................................................

4

 

2.4.

Type of Writing............................................................................................

4

 

 

Disc-At-Once............................................................................................

4

 

 

Track-At-Once...........................................................................................

4

 

 

Session-At-Once .......................................................................................

4

 

 

Multi-session.............................................................................................

4

 

 

Packet Write.............................................................................................

5

3.

Hardware Installation............................................................

6

 

3.1.

System Requirements .................................................................................

6

 

3.2.

Hardware Instruction...................................................................................

6

 

 

Front Panel...............................................................................................

6

 

 

Rear Panel ...............................................................................................

8

 

3.3.

Installing the CD- R/RW drive.......................................................................

9

 

 

Required Tools ..........................................................................................

9

 

 

Installation Procedure.................................................................................

9

 

3.4.

Supported CD-RandCD-RWDiscs..........................................................

14

 

 

Supported Discs.......................................................................................

14

 

 

The handling of CD -RandCD-RWDiscs......................................................

14

4.

Software Installation............................................................

15

 

4.1.

Before You Start........................................................................................

15

 

4.2.

Installing Software.....................................................................................

15

5.

Technical Support................................................................

17

 

5.1.

Firmware Upgrade.....................................................................................

17

 

5.2.

Troubleshooting ........................................................................................

18

Appendix A.

Glossary ..............................................................

23

Appendix B. Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) .......................

27

Appendix C.

Specification........................................................

29

Use Precautions

English

1.Use Precautions

These precautions explain how to use the device correctly and safely, thereby preventing injury to yourself or to others. This section relates to your personal safety, and also helps you minimize the risk of damaging the device. Please read carefully before proceeding.

1.1. Warning for Safety

ŸDo not open the device or attempt to disassemble or to modify it.

ŸDo not look inside the device. If you expose your eyes to the laser inside the device, you risk damage or loss of your eyesight.

ŸDo not insert fingers or foreign objects into the device.

ŸDo not expose the device to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions or place containers on it that contain liquids which might spill into any openings.

ŸFollow the Operation Manual carefully. Follow the correct procedure when setting up the device.

ŸIf unusual smells, sounds or smoke emanate from the device or if liquids enter the device, switch the computer off immediately and unplug it from the power outlet.

ŸMake sure the computer is electrically grounded.

ŸWhen opening the computer, always unplug the computer from the electrical outlet. Do not touch the plug with wet hands.

ŸWhen used in a fan-cooledsystem, the device should not be exposed to temperatures outside the range of 5 ~ 40 .

1.2. Warning as to Use

This CD-R/RWdrive together with software is a product for utilizing CD- R/RW recording media with rewriting, erasing and readout capabilities, as an external computer memory device. Except in the case where copying ofCD-ROMsor the like is especially recognized under the copyrights laws as being for the purpose of individual use by the customer or the like, or in the case where the customer has obtained permission to make copies from the right holder, reproduction ofCD-ROMsand copyright laws. Take notice that unauthorized copying may be subject to claims for damages and to penalties.

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Introduction

2.Introduction

2.1. Overview

Thank you for purchasing AOpen CRW2440 CD-R/RWdrive. In this manual, we will explain how to install your CRW2440 CD- R/RW drive correctly. Please read this manual carefully before using the drive.

High Speed

AOpen’s CRW2440 CD-R/RWdrive offers unprecedented performance to handle today’s demands by reading CD’s at up to 40x speed and writingCD-Ror CDRW discs at super 24x / 10x speed. CRW2440 writes a 650 MB disc in about 5 minutes.

Just Link

Just Link is a new technology developed independently by Ricoh that automatically prevents buffer under-runerrors by predicting them before they happen. AOpen CRW2440 features Just Link technology to enable stable writing in the following situations where bufferunder-runerrors may otherwise occur in a conventional drive.

ŸWith high-speedwriting,

ŸWhen some other operation is being performed on the computer during writing,

ŸWhen writing CD-R/CD-RWdrive from aCD-ROMdrive,

ŸWhen writing directly via network.

Just Speed

Just Speed is a new technology developed independently by Ricoh. AOpen CRW2440 features Just Speed technology to reduces disc errors such as insufficient power in writing and servo follow error. The mechanism controls the maximum writing speed by

(1)using the ATIP information (maker name, model number, etc. pre-recordedon disc),

(2)performing test writing to the OPC area at the inner circumference of the disc, and

(3)getting the status of the servo follow check of the outer circumference of the disc

(checking of track shift due to lack of precision in cutting of the disc itself).

A combination of the above (1), (2), and (3) enables better certainty inhigh-speedwriting, while offering support to discs where maximum writing speed cannot be obtained from the ATIP information

High Versatility

The CRW2440 is an ideal all-in-onesolution for reading CD’s, copying audio/software CD’s, creating photo/audio/video CD’s, or acting as a storage drive for archiving or backup. The drive (retail pack only) comes complete with everything you need to make CD’s right away, including bundled software and blank CDs. With this software, you can create your own CDs.

--E-2--

Introduction

English

High Reliability

An improved anti-heatdesign and the OPC design boost recording reliability. Optimum Power Control continually monitors signal levels during recording and adjusts laser power to compensate for a dirty disc. This feature ensures a flat signal, significantly enhancing reliability.

High Compatibility

The CRW2440 supports all major CD formats, offering full backward-compatibilitythrough the huge installed base of CD/ROM drives and media. What’s more, reordered CD/RW media can be played in a DVD player withmulti-readfeature, maintaining future compatibility.

2.2. Features

ŸE-IDEinterface meets requirements of ATAPI Version 2.6

ŸCompliant with Orange Book Part II (CD-R)and Part III, Volume 2 V1.0(CD-RW)

ŸRead data at 40X speed (6.0 MB/sec)

ŸWrite data at 24X speed (CD-R,3.6 MB/sec)

ŸWrite data at 10X speed1 (CD-RW,1.6 MB/sec)

ŸJustLink has made auto-avoidanceagainst buffer under run errors possible

ŸOPC2 technology boosts recording reliability

ŸSupports random UDF for easy writing to CD-R/RWdiscs

Ÿ2 MB Buffer Memory

ŸPower tray loading mechanism

ŸSupport PIO Mode4 and UDMA3 (Optional)

ŸSupport disc diameters of 12 cm and 8 cm

ŸEmergency disk unload

ŸFront panel rotary volume control

ŸBack panel analog audio output and digital audio output

1The speed at which to write on the media of CD-R/RWdiscs is related with the specification ofCD-R/RWdisc.

2Continuously monitors the signal level during recording and adjusts the laser power to compensate when the disc is dirty, insuring a flat signal.

3The compatibility of UDMA function is interrelated with the chipsets of motherboard.

--E-3--

Introduction

2.3.Format Compatibility

This CD-R/RWdrive is compatible with the following formats:

”Read” means Data Transfer; “Play” means Audio Play back

Format

Write

Read

Play

CD-DA

Y

Y

Y

CD-ROM

Y

Y

 

CD-Extra

Y

Y

Y

CD-ROM/XA

Y

Y

 

Photo-CD*

Y

Y

 

CD-I*

Y

Y

 

CD-ROM+CD-DA

Y

Y

 

Video-CD

Y

Y

 

CD-Text

Y

Y

 

*CD-I,Photo-CDrequires special reader/player;Photo-CDwriting requires Kodak license

2.4.Type of Writing

Disc-At-Once

When only a single recording session (lead in/data/lead out) is to be recorded onto a disk, it is called “Disc-At-Once”.

When using Disc-At-Once,no additional data can be recorded onto the disc, even if there is available capacity.

The advantage of this method recording is that it enables creation of discs that can be played back on almost any CD player or CD-ROMdrive, because there are no links inserted between the data tracks.

Track -At-Once

When many sessions are to be recorded onto a disc, it is called “Track-At-Once”.If there is space available on the disc, additional data can be recorded onto it.

The advantages of this method include being able to record additional sessions onto a disc, and using a CD-ROMof backup data. (Refer to “Multisession”.)

Session-At-Once

A "Session-at-Once"recording almost corresponds to a"Disc-at-Oncerecording", i.e. all data("Lead-in",data area and"Lead-out"are written in one go.

The only difference is that the CD is not "finished", i.e. after a "Session-at-Once"recording you still have the possibility to write a further "Ses sion" on the CD at a later date.

Multi-session

The recording of lead-in/data/lead-outis referred to as one session. TheDisc-At-Oncemethod is also referred to as “Single Session”, because the disc is only recorded once. A disc that has had multiple additional session recorded onto it using theTrack-At-Once

--E-4--

Introduction

English

method is called “Multisession”.

Packet Write

The Packet Write recording method was developed. It differs from Track-At-OnceorDisc-At-Oncein that data is recorded in small fixed sectors of 64k bytes , known as packets.

The advantages of this method are elimination in overhead per session and the elimination of buffer under run errors. This method, however, cannot be utilized for audio data. A number of formats, such as UDF and CD-RFS, can be used when recording using the Packet Write method.

--E-5--

Hardware Installation

3.Hardware Installation

The installation of CRW2440 is fast and easy. Please follow these instructions described below:

3.1. System Requirements

A PC system with the following features is highly recommended for ensuring a stable CD-R/RWperformance.

ŸCPU: Pentium II 350 MHz or higher

ŸOperating System: Windows 95/98/ME/2000/NT4.0

ŸMemory: 32MB minimum, 64MB recommended

ŸCD-ROM Drive: Minimum 16X drive recommended

ŸWriting Software:

The drive requires CD writing software to write onto a CD-R/RWdisc. When you use the CD writing software, make sure that it supports this drive.

ŸHard Drive Space:

When writing to a CD-R/RWdisc, you will need a working area (50 to 100 MB free space) on the hard drive. When creating an image file for all data to write to aCD-R/RWdisc, in addition to the working area, you will need as much hard drive space as that data (up to 800 MB in total). However, such hard drive space for the image file is not needed when you are directly writing from a hard drive,CD-ROMdrive or so on(on-the-flywriting).

3.2. Hardware Instruction

Front Panel

Disc Tray

Emergency Eject Hole

Headphone Jack

 

 

 

 

 

Eject Button

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volume Control

 

 

 

 

Busy Indicator LED

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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