American Power Conversion 3000VA 3U User Manual

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User’s Manual

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APC Smart-UPS®

2200VA/3000VA 3U Rack Mount Uninterruptible Power Supply 230VAC/120VAC

990-1055A,08/01

1: SAFETYINFORMATION

American Power Conversion Corporation (APC) is the leading national and international manufacturer of state-of-the-artuninterruptible power supplies, redundant switches, power management software, and related equipment. APC products protect hardware, software, and data from the threat of power disturbances in business and government offices throughout the world.

The APC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is designed to prevent blackouts, brownouts, sags, and surges from reaching your computer and other valuable electronic equipment. The UPS filters out small utility line fluctuations and isolates your equipment from large disturbances by internally disconnecting from the utility line. The UPS provides continuous power from its internal battery until the utility line returns to safe levels.

Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the warranty.

HANDLINGSAFETY

The UPS requires two people for installation due to its weight. To lighten the UPS, you may remove the battery while you position or mount the UPS in the rack. Note that the battery module also is heavy and requires two people for removal and installation.

Refer to this manual for instructions on how to remove the battery.

<18 kg (<40 lb)

18–32kg(40–70lb)

32–55kg(70–120lb)

>55 kg (>120 lb)

This equipment is intended for installation in a temperature-controlledindoor area free of conductive contaminants. Refer to Specifications at the APC web site for the actual temperature range.

LIFESUPPORTAPPLICATIONPOLICY

As a general policy, APC does not recommend the use of any of its products in life support applications where failure or malfunctions of the APC product can be reasonably expected to cause failure of the life support device or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness. APC does not recommend the use of any of its products in direct patient care. APC will not knowingly sell its products for use in such applications unless it receives in writing assurances satisfactory to APC that (a) the risks of injury or damage have been minimized, (b) the customer assumes all such risks, and (c) the liability of APC is adequately protected under the circumstances.

Examples of devices considered to be life support devices are neonatal oxygen and analyzers, nerve stimulators (whether used for anesthesia, pain relief, or other purposes), autotransfusion devices, blood pumps, defibrillators, arrhythmia detectors and alarms, pacemakers, hemodialysis systems, peritoneal dialysis systems, neonatal ventilator incubators, ventilators for both adults and infants,

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anesthesia ventilators, infusion pumps, and any other device designated as “critical” by the U.S.F.D.A.

Hospital grade wiring devices and leakage current may be ordered as options on many APC UPS systems, APC does not claim that units with this modification are certified or listed as Hospital Grade by APC or any other organization. Therefore these units do not meet the requirements for use in direct patient care.

ELECTRICALSAFETY

nTo reduce the risk of fire, connect only to a circuit provided with a 30 Amp maximum branch circuit overcurrent protection in accordance with the National Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA or country specific electrical code.

nDo not work alone under hazardous conditions.

nCheck that the power cord(s), plug(s), and sockets are in good condition.

nTo reduce the risk of electric shock when grounding, disconnect the equipment from the AC power outlet before installing or connecting to other equipment. Reconnect the power cord only after all connections are made.

nUse one hand, whenever possible, to connect or disconnect signal cables to avoid a possible shock from touching two surfaces with different electrical grounds.

nConnect the equipment to a three wire AC outlet (two poles plus ground). The receptacle must be connected to appropriate branch circuit/mains protection (fuse or circuit breaker). Connection to any other type of receptacle may result in a shock hazard.

nIn order to maintain compliance with the EMC directive, output cords attached to the UPS should not exceed 10 meters in length.

DEENERGIZINGSAFETY

nIf the equipment has an internal energy source (battery), the output may be energized when the unit is not connected to an AC power outlet.

nTo deenergize pluggable equipment, press the OFF buttonfor more than one second to switch the equipment off. Disconnect the equipment from the AC power outlet. Unplug the battery connector. Push the button labeledto deenergize the capacitors.

nPluggable equipment includes a protective earth conductor that carries the leakage current from the load devices (computer equipment). Total leakage current must not exceed 3.5 mA.

nTo deenergize permanently wired equipment: set the power switch to standby.

nSet the AC circuit breaker to standby , and then disconnect the batteries (including any expansion units). Finally, disconnect the AC power from the building power supply.

nUse of this equipment in life support applications where failure of this equipment can reasonably be expected to cause the failure of the life support equipment or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness is not recommended.

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BATTERYSAFETY

This equipment contains potentially hazardous voltages that may cause personal injury if handled incorrectly.

This equipment must be installed and serviced only by qualified electrical service personnel.

nThis equipment contains potentially hazardous voltages. Do not attempt to disassemble the unit. The only exception is for equipment containing batteries. Battery replacement using the procedures below is permissible. Except for the battery, the unit contains no user serviceable parts. Repairs are to be performed only by factory trained service personnel.

nDo not dispose of batteries in a fire. The batteries may explode.

nDo not open or mutilate batteries. They contain an electrolyte that is toxic and harmful to the skin and eyes.

nDo not connect the terminals of a battery or battery pack with a wire or other electrically conductive objects.

nTo avoid personal injury due to energy hazard, remove wristwatches and jewelry such as rings when replacing the batteries. Use tools with insulated handles.

nReplace batteries with the same number and type of batteries or battery packs as originally installed in the equipment.

BATTERYREPLACEMENT ANDRECYCLING

See your dealer or visit the APC web site, www.apc.com/support, for information on replacement battery kits and battery recycling.

Be sure to return the spent battery to APC for recycling. Ship it to APC in the replacement battery packing material.

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2: INSTALLATION

The UPS has a “rack” design so it can be mounted in a 19-inch(46.5 cm) equipment rack. Hardware is provided.

UNPACKING

1.Inspect the UPS upon receipt. APC designed robust packaging for your product. However, accidents and damage may occur during shipment. Notify the carrier and dealer if there is damage. The packaging is recyclable; save it for reuse or dispose of it properly.

2.Check the package contents. The shipping package contains the UPS (with batteries disconnected), its front bezel (packaged separately), mounting rails, mounting cleats, hardware packet (necessary for rack mounting the UPS), and a literature kit containing cable(s), and product documentation.

The UPS is shipped with the front bezel removed (it is packaged separately within the main box). You will connect the plastic bezel (described later) during the installation procedure.

POSITIONING THEUPS

Place the rack and the UPS where they will be used. The UPS is heavy. Select a location sturdy enough to handle the weight.

You must install the UPS in a protected area that is free of excessive dust and has adequate airflow. Ensure the air vents on the front and rear of the UPS are not blocked. Allow at least one inch of space on both sides.

Do not operate the UPS where the temperature and humidity are outside the specified limits. Refer to Specifications at the APC web site,www.apc.com.

PLACEMENT

INSTALLING THESMART-UPS

To install the Smart-UPS,follow these basic steps. Details are provided on the following pages.

1.Install the mounting rails in the rack.

2.Remove the battery module.

3.Mount the UPS in the rack. Install the UPS at or near the bottom of the rack.

4.Reinstall the battery module.

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5.Connect the battery and attach the front bezel.

6.Connect the equipment and power to the UPS.

7.Turn on the UPS.

INSTALLING THEMOUNTINGRAILS IN THERACK

Install the mounting rails in the rack. Directions are included with the rail kit. The UPS comes with standard 19-inch(46.5 cm) rack mounting rails, brackets, and cleats. The rack can have any of the common types of equipment mounting holes (square,round-threaded,orround-non-threaded).All necessary hardware is provided.

REMOVING THEBATTERYMODULE

The UPS is heavy. To lighten it, remove the battery module before mounting the unit in the rack.

Due to its weight, two people are required to remove the battery module.

The battery module is accessible from the front of the UPS (shown at left).

This procedure requires a Phillips screwdriver.

1. If the UPS has been in operation, locate the white cord Πattached to the battery module connector plug. Grasp the cord and pull firmly toward you until the connector plug is disconnected.

 

 

DO NOT pull the battery module cables.

 

 

 

 

Œ

 

If the UPS has not been in operation, the battery

 

 

will not yet be connected. The UPS ships with

 

 

 

 

 

 

the battery disconnected.

Ž

 

 

2. Use a screwdriver to remove the two battery

 

 

module mount screws located at the top corners

 

 

 

 

 

 

of the face plate Ž.

 

 

 

Set the screws aside in a safe place. You will re-

 

 

 

place them later.

 

 

 

Ž

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3.

Locate the battery module handle at the top of the

 

battery face plate .

4.

Be careful during this step—thebattery module is

 

heavy.

 

Pull the battery module handle toward you to

slide the battery module out of the UPS.

 

DO NOT pull on the battery cables or the white

 

cord.

MOUNTING THEUPS IN THERACK

 

Due to its weight, two people are required to install the UPS in the rack.

 

1.

Supporting the UPS on both sides, carefully align

 

 

the unit with the rails. Use the handles Πon the

 

 

side of the UPS to support the unit.

 

2.

Each side of the UPS has a cleat that must

Œ

 

slide into the groove on the rails. Insert each cleat

 

 

 

 

into its groove and slide the UPS into position.

3.

Use the four ornamental screws supplied with the

 

UPS to attach the mounting brackets to the rack

 

 

Œ

post. Insert the screws into the top and bottom

 

 

holes in the U-space.

REINSTALLING THEBATTERYMODULE

1.Supporting the battery module on the bottom, align it with the opening and slide the battery module into the compartment.

2.Replace the two screws to secure the battery

module face plate.

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CONNECTING THEBATTERY ANDATTACHING THEFRONTBEZEL

 

 

1.

Facing the front of the UPS, locate the battery

 

 

 

cables Πand the UPS battery connector jack

 

 

 

to the right of the battery module.

 

 

2.

To connect the battery connector plug Ž to the

 

 

 

battery jack, push the plug into the jack so the

 

 

 

metal pieces inside each part are touching. Press

 

 

firmly to ensure a tight connection. You will hear

 

 

a “snap” when the connector is seated properly.

 

Ž

 

Œ

3.

Push the battery cables and white cord as close to

 

 

 

 

 

 

the UPS as possible.

 

 

4.

The UPS is shipped with the front bezel removed

 

 

 

(it is packaged separately within the main box).

Unpack the bezel and hold it with the cutout section on the right. Align the tabs on the side of the bezel with the slots on the front of the UPS and gently snap it into place.

To connect an optional external battery pack(s) to the UPS, refer to the 3U Rack Mount External Battery Pack User’s Manual for instructions.

CONNECTINGPOWER ANDEQUIPMENT TO THEUPS

1.On the back panel, plug the UPS into a two-pole,three-wire,grounding receptacle only. Avoid using extension cords and adapter plugs.

2.Connect equipment to the UPS.

Use the cable provided with your UPS to connect to the Computer Interface Port. DO NOT use a standard serial interface cable since it is incompatible with the UPS connector.

3. 120V Models only: Connect ground leads to the TVSS screwΠon the back panel. The transient voltage surge suppression (TVSS) screw provides grounding through the UPS power cord ground conductor.

Œ

To make the connection, loosen the screw and connect the surge suppression device’s ground lead. Tighten the screw to secure the lead.

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4.Turn on all connected equipment (loads). To use the UPS as a master ON/OFF switch, be sure all connected loads are switched on. The loads will not be powered until the UPS is turned on.

5.Add any optional accessories. See the documentation accompanying the accessory for details.

TURNING ON THEUPS

Make sure the battery is connected before turning on the UPS! Then, press the button on the front panel to power up your UPS. This will power up connected equipment. (Make sure connected loads are switched to their ON position).

The UPS charges its battery when it is connected to utility power. The battery charges fully during the first four hours of normal operation. Do not expect full run time during this initial charge period.

The unit performs a self-testautomatically when turned on and every two weeks thereafter (by default). Refer to details below on changing the default interval.

120V Models: Check the site wiring fault indicator (located on the rear panel, seeRear Panel, below). It lights up if the UPS is plugged into an improperly wired AC power outlet. Wiring faults detected include missing ground,hot-neutralpolarity reversal, and overloaded neutral circuit.

If the UPS indicates a site wiring fault, get a qualified electrician to correct the building wiring.

ACCESSORIES

This UPS is equipped with an accessory slot. See the APC website, www.apc.com, for available accessories.

If a standard accessory (such as an SNMP card) is installed on this UPS, see the Utility CD for user documentation.

For additional computer system security, install PowerChutePlus® Smart-UPSmonitoring software. It provides automatic unattended shutdown capabilities on most major network operating systems.

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