American Power Conversion 208VAC User Manual

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User’s Manual

English

Smart-UPS®

5000VA 5U Rack Mount XL

208VAC/230VAC

Uninterruptible Power Supply

990-1139,3/02

Introduction

The APC Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is designed to prevent blackouts, brownouts, sags, and surges from reaching your computer and other valuable electronic equipment. The UPS filters small utility line fluctuations and isolates your equipment from large disturbances by internally disconnecting from the utility line. The UPS provides continuous power from its internal battery until the utility line returns to safe levels or the battery is discharged.

1: INSTALLATION

Read the Safety Instruction sheet before installing the UPS.

Unpacking

Inspect the UPS upon receipt. Notify the carrier if there is damage. The packaging is recyclable; save it for reuse or dispose of it properly.

Check the package contents. The package contains the UPS, four battery packs, rail kit, and a literature kit containing cable(s), and product documentation.

The UPS is shipped with the battery disconnected.

Positioning the UPS

The UPS is heavy. Select a location sturdy enough to handle the weight.

Do not operate the UPS where there is excessive dust or the temperature and humidity are outside the specified limits.

PLACEMENT

0° - 40° C (32° -104°F)

 

0-95%Relative

Humidity

2.5 cm (1in)

 

A qualified or licensed electrician must install the UPS.

1

Mounting the UPS in the Rack

Due to the weight of the UPS, two people are required for mounting.

Battery installation is to follow.

Brackets Cleats

Hardwire the Electrical Connection (230V Models Only)

Verify that the supply line contains a 25 Amp circuit breaker BEFORE hardwiring the UPS. Batteries are installed in the UPS upon hardwiring completion. Incorporate an easy access disconnect device in the fixed wiring design.

Access Door Wire Input Plate

1.Select the appropriate wire size and connectors.

For most applications, #10 AWG (5 sq. mm) wire should be sufficient.

2.Remove screw and access door.

3.Slide the wire input plate to the left and remove.

4.Detach circular knockout and feed the wire cable through this opening. Using a threaded lock nut, fasten the plate to the cable or conduit connectors.

5.Connect the wires to the terminal block inside the UPS. Loosen the screw, then feed the copper wire into the terminal block and tighten the screw. Connect the protective earth ground to the terminal block at the position marked with the ground symbol (). The UPS

wiring color code is: GREEN for GROUND WHITE for NEUTRAL BLACK for HOT

6.Replace the wire input plate.

7.Inspect the connections and location of the excess wires before installing the access door.

8.Replace the access door (removed in step 2).

Installing the Batteries

Step A

Step 1

Step 2

 

 

Gray

Step B

Connector Connectors

inside UPS

A: Plug gray connector on each battery pack into connectors inside the UPS. B: Tuck the white cord, which serves as a handle for the connector, to the side.

2

Connecting Equipment and Power to the UPS

SMART-UPS REARPANEL

 

 

 

1.

Connect equipment to the UPS.

 

2.

Add any optional accessories to the

 

 

Smart-Slot.The UPS is shipped

 

 

with the APC Network Manage-

208V

230 Volt

ment card pre-installed.Refer to

the documentation in the literature

 

 

kit and/or CD-ROMprovided.

3.208V Models Only: Using a power cord, plug the UPS into atwo-pole,three-wire,grounded receptacle only.

Avoid using extension cords and adaptor plugs.

4.Turn on all connected equipment. To use the UPS as a master ON/OFF switch, be sure all connected equipment is switched ON. The equipment will not be powered until the UPS is turned on.

5.To power up the UPS press the button on the front panel.

The UPS charges its battery when it is connected to utility power. The battery charges to 90% capacity during the first three hours of normal operation. Do not expect full battery run capability during this initial charge period.

6.For additional computer system security, install PowerChutePlus® Smart-UPSmonitoring software. It provides automatic shutdown capabilities on most major network operating systems. See APC website,www.apc.com, for other available accessories.

BASICCONNECTORS

Serial Port

Power management software and interface kits can be used with the UPS. Use only

 

 

 

 

 

interface kits supplied or approved by APC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use the APC supplied cable to connect to the Serial Port. DO NOT use a stan-

 

 

 

 

 

dard serial interface cable since it is incompatible with the UPS connector.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Battery

 

See the APC web site, www.apc.com/support for the correct external battery

Connector

pack model number for your UPS.

TVSS

The UPS features a transient voltage surge-suppression(TVSS) screw for connect-

Screw

ing the ground lead on surge suppression devices such as telephone and network line

 

 

 

 

 

protectors.

 

 

 

 

 

When connecting grounding cable, disconnect the unit from the utility power outlet.

3

2:OPERATION

INDICATORS ANDCONTROLS ON THESMART-UPS

SMART-UPS FRONTPANEL

Power On

Power Off

Load

Battery Charge

Online

The online LED illuminates when the UPS is supplying utility power to the

 

connected equipment.

AVR Trim

AVR Boost

On Battery

Overload

Replace Battery

Battery

Disconnected

This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a high utility voltage.

This LED illuminates to indicate the UPS is compensating for a low utility voltage.

When the on battery power LED is illuminated the UPS is supplying battery power to the connected equipment.

The LED illuminates and the UPS emits a sustained alarm tone when an overload condition occurs.

Failure of a battery self-testcauses the UPS to emit short beeps for one minute and thereplace battery LED illuminates. Refer toTroubleshooting in this manual.

The replace battery LED flashes and short beep is emitted every two seconds.

4

Automatic Self-

Test

Manual Self-Test

The UPS performs a self-testautomatically when turned on, and every two weeks thereafter (by default).

During the self-test,the UPS briefly operates the connected equipment on battery.

If the UPS fails the self-test,thereplace battery LEDilluminates and immediately returns to online operation. The connected equipment is not affected by a failed test. Recharge the battery for 24 hours and perform anotherself-test.If it fails, the battery must be replaced.

Press and hold the button for a few seconds to initiate theself-test.

CIRCUITBREAKERS(208V MODELSONLY)

Input Circuit Breaker One 40 Amp input circuit breaker is provided to the right of the rear connector plug and to the left of the battery pack connector.

Output Circuit Breakers Two output circuit breakers are provided.

On Battery Operation

The Smart-UPSswitches to battery operation automatically if the utility power fails. While running on battery, an alarm beeps four times every 30 seconds.

Press the button to silence the UPS alarm (for the current alarm only). If the utility power does not return, the UPS continues to supply power to the connected equipment until the battery is exhausted.

If PowerChute is not being used you must manually save your files and power down before the UPS turns off.

DETERMININGONBATTERYRUNTIME

UPS battery life differs based on usage and environment. It is recommended that the battery/batteries be changed once every three years. See the APC web site, www.apc.com, for on battery run times.

Optional External Battery Pack(s)

To connect an optional external battery pack(s), refer to the 3U Rack Mount External Battery Pack User’s Manual.

5

3:USERCONFIGURABLEITEMS

NOTE: SETTINGS ARE MADE THROUGH SUPPLIEDPOWERCHUTE SOFTWARE OR OPTIONALSMARTSLOT

ACCESSORY CARDS.

FUNCTION

FACTORY

USERSELECTABLE

DESCRIPTION

DEFAULT

CHOICES

 

 

 

Automatic Self-Test

Every 14 days

Every 7 days

This function sets the interval

 

(336 hours)

(168 hours),

 

at which the UPS will execute

 

 

On Startup Only, No

a self-test.Refer to your soft-

 

 

Self-Test

 

ware manual for details.

 

 

 

 

UPS ID

UPS_IDEN

Up to eight characters to

Use this field to uniquely

 

 

define the UPS

identify the UPS, (ie. server

 

 

 

 

name or location) for network

 

 

 

 

management purposes.

 

 

 

 

Date of Last Battery Re-

Manufacture

Date of Battery Replace-

Reset this date when you

placement

Date

ment

 

replace the battery module.

 

 

mm/dd/yy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum Capacity Before

0 percent

15, 50, 90 percent

The UPS will charge its bat-

Return from Shutdown

 

 

 

teries to the specified percent-

 

 

 

 

age.

 

 

 

 

 

Voltage Sensitivity

 

Brightly lit: UPS is set to

To change the UPS sensitiv-

The UPS detects and reacts

 

high sensitivity (default).

ity, press the voltage sensitiv-

 

 

 

ity button

(rear panel).

to line voltage distortions

 

Dimly lit:

UPS is set to

 

Use a pointed object (such as

by transferring to battery

 

medium sensitivity.

 

a pen) to do so.

operation to protect the

 

Off:

Low battery

 

 

 

connected equipment.

 

You can change the sensitiv-

Where power quality is

 

warning interval is about

ity level through PowerChute

poor, the UPS may fre-

 

eight minutes.

software.

 

quently transfer to battery

 

 

 

 

 

operation. If the connected

 

 

 

 

 

equipment can operate

 

 

 

 

 

normally under such condi-

 

 

 

 

 

tions, reduce the sensitivity

 

 

 

 

 

setting to conserve battery

 

 

 

 

 

capacity and service life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alarm Delay

5 second delay

30 second delay,

Set alarm delay to avoid

After Line Fail

 

At Low Battery

alarms for minor power

 

 

Condition,

 

glitches.

 

 

 

No Alarm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shutdown Delay

20 seconds

180, 300, 600 seconds

Sets the interval between the

 

 

 

 

time when the UPS receives a

 

 

 

 

shutdown command and ac-

 

 

 

 

tual shutdown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

NOTE: SETTINGS ARE MADE THROUGH SUPPLIEDPOWERCHUTE SOFTWARE OR OPTIONALSMARTSLOT

ACCESSORY CARDS.

FUNCTION

FACTORY

USERSELECTABLE

 

DESCRIPTION

DEFAULT

 

 

CHOICES

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low Battery Warning.

 

 

 

Brightly lit: Low battery

The low battery warning

 

2 min.

 

PowerChute interface

 

 

warning interval is about

beeps are continuous when

 

 

 

 

 

 

two minutes.

less than 7 minutes of run

 

 

 

software provides auto-

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dimly lit: Low battery

time remain.

matic, unattended shut-

 

 

 

 

 

 

warning interval is about

To change the warning inter-

down when approximately

 

 

 

 

 

 

five minutes.

two minutes (by default) of

 

 

 

val default setting, press the

 

 

 

Off: Low battery warning

battery operated run time

 

 

 

voltage sensitivity button

 

 

 

interval is about seven

remains.

 

 

 

while pressing and holding

 

 

 

minutes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the

button.

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 min.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 min.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 min.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 min.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synchronized Turn-on

0 seconds

60, 180, 300 seconds

The UPS will wait the speci-

Delay

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fied time after the return of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

utility power before turn-on

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(to avoid branch circuit over-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

load).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

High Transfer Point

230V models:

230V models:

To avoid unnecessary battery

 

253VAC

264, 271, 280VAC

usage, set the high transfer

 

208V models:

208V models:

point higher if the utility volt-

 

age is chronically high and

 

229VAC

234, 239, 224VAC

 

the connected equipment is

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

known to work under this

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

condition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Low Transfer Point

230V models:

230V models:

Set the low transfer point

 

196VAC

188, 204, 208VAC

lower if the utility voltage is

 

208V models:

208V models:

chronically low and the con-

 

nected equipment can tolerate

 

177VAC

182, 168, 172VAC

 

this condition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

4:STORAGE, MAINTENANCE, ANDTRANSPORTING

Storage

Store the UPS covered and flat (rack mount orientation) in a cool, dry location, with the batteries fully charged.

At -15to +30 ° C (+5 to +86 ° F), charge the UPS battery every six months.

At +30 to +45 ° C (+86 to +113 ° F), charge the UPS battery every three months.

Replacing the Battery Module

This UPS has an easy to replace, hot-swappablebattery module. Replacement is a safe procedure, isolated from electrical hazards. You may leave the UPS and connected equipment on for this procedure. See your dealer or contact APC at the web site,www.apc.com/support for information on replacement battery modules.

Once the battery is disconnected, the connected equipment is not protected from power outages.

Refer to Installing the Batteries, in this manual.

Reverse the instructions for battery removal. Note: Pull the front battery out of the UPS by pulling the clear label,not the white cord.

Be sure to deliver the spent battery to a recycling facility or ship it to APC in the replacement battery packing material.

REMOVING THEUPS FROM THERACK

Step B

Step A

8