ADTRAN 1200070L2 User Manual

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Express XL and Express XLT

ISDN Router/Bridge

USER MANUAL

Express XL, Data Only

1200070L1

Express XLT with POTS Option

1200070L2

61200.070L1-1BFebruary 1998

Trademark:

DMS-100is a trademark of Northern Telecom, Inc.

Ethernet is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation, and Xerox Corporation.

ExpertISDN (patent number 5,715,241) is a trademark of ADTRAN, Inc. Macintosh is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.

Novell, NetWare, and Internetwork Packet Exchange (IPX) are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc.

Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. 5ESS is a registered trademark of AT&T.

The Express XL and Express XLT incorporate Synchronous Data Compression based on either IBM or hi/fn proprietary intellectual property depending on the time of manufacture. The following trademarks and copyrights are applicable:

Stacker LZS Compression

Copyright © 1989 Carnegie Mellon University

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are duplicated in all such forms and that any documentation, advertising materials, and other materials related to such distribution and use acknowledge that the software was developed by Carnegie Mellon University. The name of the University may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. This software is provided “as is” and without any express or implied warranties, including, without limitation, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

hi/fn

5993 Avenida Encinas Carlsbad, CA

901 Explorer Boulevard

P.O. Box 140000

Huntsville, AL 35814-4000

Phone: (205) 963-8000

© 1998 ADTRAN, Inc.

All rights reserved.

Printed in USA.

FCC regulations require that the following information be provided in this manual:

1.If this equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may temporarily discontinue service. If possible, advance notification is given; otherwise, notification is given as soon as possible. The telephone company will advise the customer of the right to file a complaint with the FCC.

2.The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures that could affect the proper operation of this equipment; advance notification and the opportunity to maintain uninterrupted service are given.

3.If experiencing difficulty with this equipment, please contact ADTRAN (see inside back cover) for repair and warranty information. The telephone company may require this equipment to be disconnected from the network until the problem is corrected, or it is certain the equipment is not malfunctioning.

4.This unit contains no user serviceable parts.

To ADTRAN service personnel: For continued protection against risk of fire, replace F1 with the same type and rating of fuse only: .2A, 250 V.

FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENT

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or TV reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. The user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by ADTRAN will void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

CANADIAN EMISSIONS REQUIREMENTS

This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as set out in the interference-causingequipment standard entitled "Digital Apparatus,"ICES-003of the Department of Communications.

Cet appareil nuerique respecte les limites de bruits radioelectriques applicables aux appareils numeriques de Class B prescrites dans la norme sur le materiel brouilleur: "Appareils Numeriques," NMB-003edictee par le ministre des Communications.

CANADIAN EQUIPMENT LIMITATIONS

Notice: The Canadian Industry and Science Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operational, and safety requirements. The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the user’s satisfaction.

Before installing this equipment, ensure that it is permissible to be connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. In some cases, the company’s inside wiring associated with a single-lineindividual service may be extended by means of a certified connector assembly (telephone extension cord). Compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some situations.

Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an authorized Canadian maintenance facility designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment.

Users should ensure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections of the power utility, telephone lines, and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas.

Users should not attempt to make such connections themselves, but should contact the appropriate electric inspection authority, or an electrician, as appropriate.

The Load Number (LN) assigned to each terminal device denotes the percentage of the total load to be connected to a telephone loop which is used by the device, to prevent overloading. The termination on a loop may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the total of the Load Numbers of all devices does not exceed 100.

Table of Contents

Quick Startup Guide ........................................................................................................

1

Setting up the ISDN Line ..................................................................................................

1

Connecting to an Internet Service Provider ...................................................................

2

Multiprotocol Routing Between Two LANs ..................................................................

3

Chapter 1. Understanding ISDN and the Express XL/XLT .......................................

7

ISDN Overview ..................................................................................................................

7

THE EXPRESS XL/XLT.....................................................................................................

7

Applications .................................................................................................................

8

Single User to Corporate LAN...........................................................................

8

Single User IP to Internet Service Provider (ISP) using

 

Network Address Translation (NAT)...............................................................

9

Multiple Users to Internet Service Provider (ISP) using NAT ......................

10

Small Office - Home Office (SOHO) to Corporate LAN ................................

11

Demand Routing and Bridging with the Express XL/XLT...................................

12

Factory Default.....................................................................................................

12

Bridging.................................................................................................................

13

IP Routing .............................................................................................................

14

IPX Routing...........................................................................................................

15

Connection List - Simplifying and Enhancing the Dial Function.................

15

Concurrent Routing And Bridging ...........................................................................

15

Routing over PPP Bridging ........................................................................................

15

Network Address Translation Mode........................................................................

16

Front Panel....................................................................................................................

16

LAN Indicators.....................................................................................................

16

WAN Indicators ...................................................................................................

17

Test Indicators ......................................................................................................

17

Pushbutton Tests..................................................................................................

17

ISDN Connection.........................................................................................................

18

Ordering ISDN.............................................................................................................

19

Interoperability ............................................................................................................

19

Connecting to the Internet..........................................................................................

19

Configuration ...............................................................................................................

20

Security..........................................................................................................................

20

Chapter 2. Installation ......................................................................................................

21

ISDN Network Connection...............................................................................................

21

Local Area Network Connection .....................................................................................

21

Telephone Connection (XLT Only)..................................................................................

22

Basic Telephone Service..............................................................................................

22

Supplementary Services .............................................................................................

22

DTMF Keypad..............................................................................................................

22

Customer Premises Wiring ........................................................................................

23

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Table of Contents

 

Chapter 3. Terminal Menu Operation and Structure .................................................

27

Terminal Menu Structure..................................................................................................

27

Configuration ...............................................................................................................

27

Dial.................................................................................................................................

27

Status .............................................................................................................................

29

Test.................................................................................................................................

29

Logs................................................................................................................................

29

Utilities ..........................................................................................................................

29

Navigating the Terminal Menus ......................................................................................

30

General Layout.............................................................................................................

30

Menu Path.....................................................................................................................

30

Moving Around ...........................................................................................................

30

Submenus [+] or [DATA] .............................................................................

30

Activation Field <+> .....................................................................................

30

Editable Data Field ........................................................................................

30

Read-Only Field.............................................................................................

30

Navigation with the Keyboard....................................................................

31

Security Levels .............................................................................................................

33

Configuration Menu ..........................................................................................................

34

Configuration/System Info........................................................................................

34

System Name........................................................................................................

34

System Location ...................................................................................................

34

System Contact .....................................................................................................

35

Firmware Revision...............................................................................................

35

System Uptime .....................................................................................................

35

Date/Time.............................................................................................................

35

Configuration/WAN ..................................................................................................

36

WAN/ISDN..........................................................................................................

36

ISDN/Dial Line .............................................................................................

36

Dial Line/ExpertISDN ..........................................................................

36

Dial Line/Switch Protocol .....................................................................

37

Dial Line/Area Code .............................................................................

37

Dial Line/SPID 1.....................................................................................

37

Dial Line/LDN 1 or 2 .............................................................................

38

ISDN/Leased Line ........................................................................................

38

Leased Line/Clock Mode .....................................................................

38

Leased Line/Channel Rate ....................................................................

38

ISDN/NEBEs .................................................................................................

38

ISDN/FEBEs ..................................................................................................

39

WAN/POTS..........................................................................................................

39

POTS/POTS Assignment .............................................................................

39

POTS/NI-1 Conference FI............................................................................

39

POTS/NI-1 Transfer FI.................................................................................

39

POTS/Speech Calltype Routing..................................................................

39

Configuration/IP .........................................................................................................

40

IP/IP Address.......................................................................................................

40

IP/Subnet Mask ...................................................................................................

40

IP/Default Gateway ............................................................................................

41

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Table of Contents

IP/Static Routes ...................................................................................................

41

Static Routes/Active.....................................................................................

41

Static Routes/IP Address.............................................................................

41

Static Routes/Subnet Mask..........................................................................

41

Static Routes/Gateway.................................................................................

41

Static Routes/Hops.......................................................................................

41

Static Routes/Private....................................................................................

42

IP/IP Router .........................................................................................................

42

IP Router/Mode ............................................................................................

42

IP/RIP .............................................................................................................

42

RIP/Mode ...............................................................................................

42

RIP/Protocol ...........................................................................................

42

RIP/Method.............................................................................................

43

RIP/Direction ..........................................................................................

43

RIP/V2 Secret .........................................................................................

43

IP/NAT .................................................................................................................

43

NAT/DHCP Mode .......................................................................................

43

NAT/DHCP Renewal Time ........................................................................

44

NAT/Web Server..........................................................................................

44

IP/DNS..................................................................................................................

44

DNS/Domain Name.....................................................................................

44

DNS/Server 1 ................................................................................................

44

DNS/Server 2 ................................................................................................

44

IP/UDP Relay.......................................................................................................

45

UDP Relay/Mode .........................................................................................

45

UDP Relay/UDP Relay List.........................................................................

45

UDP Relay List/Relay Address............................................................

45

UDP Relay List/UDP Port Type ..........................................................

45

UDP Relay List/UDP Port 1, UDP Port 2, UDP Port 3 ....................

45

IP/Proxy ARP ......................................................................................................

46

Configuration/IPX ......................................................................................................

47

IPX/Mode .............................................................................................................

47

IPX/Network........................................................................................................

47

IPX/Frame Type ..................................................................................................

48

IPX/Seed Status ...................................................................................................

48

IPX/RIP Timer .....................................................................................................

48

IPX/SAP Timer ....................................................................................................

49

Configuration/Bridge.................................................................................................

50

Bridge/Mode........................................................................................................

50

Bridge/WAN IP Bridge ......................................................................................

50

WAN IP Bridge/Network ...........................................................................

51

WAN IP Bridge/Netmask ...........................................................................

51

WAN IP Bridge/Triggered..........................................................................

51

WAN IP Bridge/Proxy ARP........................................................................

51

Bridge/WAN IPX Bridge ...................................................................................

51

WAN IPX Bridge/Network.........................................................................

52

WAN IPX Bridge/Frame Type ...................................................................

52

WAN IPX Bridge/Seed Status ....................................................................

52

WAN IPX Bridge/Triggered .......................................................................

52

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Table of Contents

 

Bridge/Spanning Tree.........................................................................................

52

Spanning Tree/Mode ...................................................................................

52

Spanning Tree/Priority ................................................................................

53

Spanning Tree/Maximum Age ...................................................................

53

Spanning Tree/Hello Time..........................................................................

53

Spanning Tree/Forward Delay ...................................................................

53

Spanning Tree/LAN Port ............................................................................

53

LAN Port/Active ...................................................................................

53

LAN Port/Path Cost...............................................................................

54

LAN Port/Priority .................................................................................

54

Spanning Tree/WAN Port 0........................................................................

54

WAN Port 0/Active................................................................................

54

WAN Port 0/Path Cost .........................................................................

54

WAN Port 0/Priority .............................................................................

54

Spanning Tree/WAN Port 1........................................................................

54

WAN Port 1/Active................................................................................

55

WAN Port 1/Path Cost ..........................................................................

55

WAN Port 1/Priority..............................................................................

55

Bridge/Address Table.........................................................................................

55

Address Table/Aging...................................................................................

55

Address Table/Forward Policy...................................................................

55

Configuration/Security ..............................................................................................

56

Security/Authentication .....................................................................................

56

Security/When .....................................................................................................

57

Security/Radius Server.......................................................................................

57

Radius Server/Primary Server....................................................................

57

Radius Server/Secondary Server................................................................

57

Radius Server/UDP Port..............................................................................

57

Radius Server/Secret ....................................................................................

57

Radius Server/Retry Count .........................................................................

58

Security/PPP ........................................................................................................

58

Security/Filter Defines........................................................................................

59

Filter Defines /MAC Filter Defines ............................................................

59

Filter Defines /Pattern Filter Defines .........................................................

60

Filter Defines /IP Filter Defines ..................................................................

60

Filter Defines /IPX Filter Defines................................................................

61

Configuration/Connection List.................................................................................

63

Connection List/Description..............................................................................

64

Connection List/Active.......................................................................................

64

Connection List/Authentication........................................................................

64

Authentication/Tx Method .........................................................................

65

Authentication/Tx Username .....................................................................

66

Authentication/Tx Password ......................................................................

66

Authentication/Rx Username .....................................................................

66

Authentication/Rx Password......................................................................

66

Authentication/Caller ID.............................................................................

66

Authentication/Call ID 1 .............................................................................

67

Authentication/Call ID 2 .............................................................................

67

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Table of Contents

Connection List/IP ..............................................................................................

67

IP/Mode .........................................................................................................

67

IP/NAT...........................................................................................................

67

IP/Route .........................................................................................................

67

Route/IP/Net .........................................................................................

68

Route/Netmask ......................................................................................

68

Route/Static Route .................................................................................

68

Route/Private .........................................................................................

68

Route/Hops ............................................................................................

68

Route/Force IP ........................................................................................

68

IP/RIP .............................................................................................................

69

RIP/Mode ................................................................................................

69

RIP/Protocol ...........................................................................................

69

RIP/Method.............................................................................................

69

RIP/Direction ..........................................................................................

69

RIP/Triggered ........................................................................................

69

RIP/Retain ...............................................................................................

70

Connection List/IPX ...........................................................................................

70

IPX/Mode.......................................................................................................

70

IPX/Remote Network ..................................................................................

70

IPX/Triggered ...............................................................................................

70

IPX/Retain .....................................................................................................

71

IPX/Type 20 Packets.....................................................................................

71

Connection List/Bridge ......................................................................................

72

Bridge/Mode .................................................................................................

72

Connection List/Probe........................................................................................

72

Probe/Active .................................................................................................

72

Probe/Interval ...............................................................................................

72

Probe/Update Window ...............................................................................

73

Connection List/PPP...........................................................................................

73

PPP/Multilink ...............................................................................................

73

Multilink/Mode .....................................................................................

73

Multilink/Fragment ...............................................................................

73

Multilink/BACP .....................................................................................

73

PPP/Compression.........................................................................................

74

PPP/VJ Compression ...................................................................................

74

PPP/Max Config ...........................................................................................

74

PPP/Max Timer.............................................................................................

74

PPP/Max Failure...........................................................................................

75

Connection List/Dial Out...................................................................................

75

Dial Out/Number 1 ......................................................................................

75

Dial Out/Number 2 ......................................................................................

75

Dial Out/Call Type.......................................................................................

75

Dial Out/Redial at 56K ................................................................................

76

Dial Out/Delay..............................................................................................

76

Dial Out/Connection Timeout....................................................................

76

Dial Out/Attempts .......................................................................................

76

Dial Out/Initial Channels............................................................................

77

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Table of Contents

 

Connection List/Bandwidth ..............................................................................

77

Bandwidth/On Demand..............................................................................

77

Bandwidth/Mode ...................................................................................

77

Bandwidth/Idle Timeout.......................................................................

77

Bandwidth/Preempt Time ...................................................................

77

Bandwidth/Upper Threshold...............................................................

78

Bandwidth/Lower Threshold...............................................................

78

Bandwidth/Min Channels ....................................................................

78

Bandwidth/Max Channels....................................................................

78

Bandwidth/Samples.....................................................................................

78

Samples/Sample Rate ............................................................................

78

Samples/Samples....................................................................................

78

Samples/Time Between Changes.........................................................

79

Connection List/Filters .......................................................................................

79

Filters/WAN-to-LAN (In)............................................................................

79

Filters/In Exceptions.....................................................................................

80

Filters/LAN-to-WAN (Out) ........................................................................

80

Filters/Out Exceptions .................................................................................

81

Filters/Demand Dial.....................................................................................

81

Filters/Dem Dial Exceptions .......................................................................

82

Configuration/Management .....................................................................................

83

Management/Telnet............................................................................................

83

Telnet/Server Access ....................................................................................

83

Telnet/User List.............................................................................................

84

User List/Name.......................................................................................

84

User List/Authen Method.....................................................................

84

User List/Password................................................................................

84

User List/Idle Time ................................................................................

84

User List/Level........................................................................................

84

Management/SNMP ...........................................................................................

85

SNMP Access .................................................................................................

85

SNMP/Communities....................................................................................

85

Communities/Name .............................................................................

85

Communities/Privilege .........................................................................

85

Communities/Manager IP.....................................................................

85

SNMP/Traps..................................................................................................

85

Traps/Manager Name ...........................................................................

86

Traps/Manager IP ..................................................................................

86

Management/Maint Port....................................................................................

86

Maint Port/Password Protect......................................................................

86

Maint Port/Password ...................................................................................

86

Maint Port/Baud Rate ..................................................................................

86

Maint Port/Data Bits ....................................................................................

86

Maint Port/Parity..........................................................................................

87

Maint Port/Stop Bits.....................................................................................

87

Configuration/Terminal Mode .................................................................................

87

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