3COM 3CRWX120695A User Manual
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Wireless LAN Mobility System

Wireless LAN Switch Manager

User’s Guide

3CRWXR10095A, 3CRWX120695A, 3CRWX440095A

http://www.3com.com/

Part No. DUA-WXM10-AAA01

Published June 2005

3Com Corporation 350 Campus Drive Marlborough, MA USA 01752-3064

Copyright © 2005, 3Com Corporation. All rights reserved. No part of this documentation may be reproduced in any form or by any means or used to make any derivative work (such as translation, transformation, or adaptation) without written permission from 3Com Corporation.

3Com Corporation reserves the right to revise this documentation and to make changes in content from time to time without obligation on the part of 3Com Corporation to provide notification of such revision or change.

3Com Corporation provides this documentation without warranty, term, or condition of any kind, either implied or expressed, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties, terms or conditions of merchantability, satisfactory quality, and fitness for a particular purpose. 3Com may make improvements or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this documentation at any time.

If there is any software on removable media described in this documentation, it is furnished under a license agreement included with the product as a separate document, in the hard copy documentation, or on the removable media in a directory file named LICENSE.TXT or !LICENSE.TXT. If you are unable to locate a copy, please contact 3Com and a copy will be provided to you.

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LEGEND

If you are a United States government agency, then this documentation and the software described herein are provided to you subject to the following:

All technical data and computer software are commercial in nature and developed solely at private expense. Software is delivered as “Commercial Computer Software” as defined in DFARS 252.227-7014(June 1995) or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR 2.101(a) and as such is provided with only such rights as are provided in 3Com’s standard commercial license for the Software. Technical data is provided with limited rights only as provided in DFAR252.227-7015(Nov 1995) or FAR52.227-14(June 1987), whichever is applicable. You agree not to remove or deface any portion of any legend provided on any licensed program or documentation contained in, or delivered to you in conjunction with, this User Guide.

Unless otherwise indicated, 3Com registered trademarks are registered in the United States and may or may not be registered in other countries.

3Com is a registered trademark of 3Com Corporation. The 3Com logo is a trademark of 3Com Corporation.

Mobility Domain, Mobility Point, Mobility Profile, Mobility System, Mobility System Software, MP, MSS, and SentrySweep are trademarks of Trapeze Networks, Inc.

Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. Microsoft, MS-DOS,Windows, Windows XP, and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

All other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.

ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT

It is the policy of 3Com Corporation to be environmentally-friendlyin all operations. To uphold our policy, we are committed to:

Establishing environmental performance standards that comply with national legislation and regulations.

Conserving energy, materials and natural resources in all operations.

Reducing the waste generated by all operations. Ensuring that all waste conforms to recognized environmental standards. Maximizing the recyclable and reusable content of all products.

Ensuring that all products can be recycled, reused and disposed of safely.

Ensuring that all products are labelled according to recognized environmental standards.

Improving our environmental record on a continual basis.

End of Life Statement

3Com processes allow for the recovery, reclamation and safe disposal of all end-of-lifeelectronic components.

Regulated Materials Statement

3Com products do not contain any hazardous or ozone-depletingmaterial.

Environmental Statement about the Documentation

The documentation for this product is printed on paper that comes from sustainable, managed forests; it is fully biodegradable and recyclable, and is completely chlorine-free.The varnish isenvironmentally-friendly,and the inks arevegetable-basedwith a lowheavy-metalcontent.

CONTENTS

ABOUT THIS GUIDE

 

Conventions 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Documentation

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

Documentation Comments

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 GETTING STARTED

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hardware Requirements for 3WXM Client

13

 

 

Hardware Requirements for 3WXM Services

14

 

 

Software Requirements

14

 

 

 

 

 

Preparing for Installation

15

 

 

 

 

 

User Privileges

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serial Number, License Key and Activation Key

15

 

HP OpenView Network Node Manager

16

 

 

Resource Allocation

16

 

 

 

 

 

3WXM Services Options

16

 

 

 

 

Installing 3WXM

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unpacking Files 18

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using the Installation Wizard

18

 

 

 

Start the 3WXM Services

18

 

 

 

Connect 3WXM Clients to 3WXM Services

19

 

Configure 3WXM Services

19

 

 

 

3WXM Access Control 21

 

 

 

 

3WXM Interface

22

 

 

 

 

 

 

Display the Main Window

22

 

 

 

Using Menu Bar and Toolbars

24

 

 

 

Setting Preferences

24

 

 

 

 

 

Easy Configuration Using Wizards 25

 

 

 

View Topology

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shortcut to Wizards and Editing Properties 26

 

 

Getting Help

27

 

 

 

 

 

2PLANNING AND MANAGING YOUR WIRELESS NETWORK WITH

3WXM

Overview 29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which Services To Provide?

30

 

 

 

Network Plan

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

RF Coverage Area

31

 

 

 

 

 

RF Auto-Tuning

32

 

 

 

 

RF Auto-Tuning with Modelling

32

 

RF Planning

33

 

 

 

 

 

 

Which Planning Method Should I Use?

33

Configuration

35

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wireless Configuration

36

 

 

 

AAA Security Configuration

38

 

 

Authentication

38

 

 

 

 

Authorization

 

40

 

 

 

 

Accounting

40

 

 

 

 

System and Administration Configuration

40

Configure Basic WX Switch Properties

41

Configure WX Switch Connection Information 42

Configure Boot Information

42

 

Equipment Installation

42

 

 

 

 

Deployment

43

 

 

 

 

 

 

Management and Monitoring

44

 

 

Network Status

44

 

 

 

 

RF Monitoring

45

 

 

 

 

 

Client Monitoring

46

 

 

 

 

Rogue Detection

46

 

 

 

 

Event Logging

47

 

 

 

 

 

Verification

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reporting

47

 

 

 

 

 

 

RF Plan Optimization

 

49

 

 

 

 

3

CONFIGURING WIRELESS SERVICES

 

 

Overview

51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configure Employee Access Services

52

 

 

Task Table

52

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step Summary

56

 

 

 

 

 

 

Example: Configure Employee Access

57

 

 

Create a Service Profile

57

 

 

 

 

Create a Radio Profile 59

 

 

 

 

Configure RADIUS Servers

61

 

 

 

Specify Network Access Rules

64

 

 

Set Up VLANs on WX Switches

66

 

 

What’s Next?

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configure Guest Access Services

69

 

 

 

Task Table

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step Summary

71

 

 

 

 

 

 

Optional: Configure Mobility Profiles

73

 

 

Configure Local Authentication

74

 

 

 

What’s Next?

76

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configure Voice over Wireless IP Service

77

 

 

Task Table

78

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step Summary

81

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configure Local Authentication

82

 

 

 

Configure Access Control Lists

84

 

 

 

Example: Creating an ACL for SpectraLink Wireless Phones

85

 

Example: Creating an ACL for Avaya Wireless Phones 87

 

 

What’s Next?

90

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

USING RF AUTO-TUNING

 

 

 

 

 

Overview

91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Place Your Equipment

92

 

 

 

 

 

Configure Initial WX Switch Connectivity

92

 

 

Upload the WX Switch Configuration into a 3WXM Network Plan

92

 

Create a Service Profile

94

 

 

 

 

 

Create a Radio Profile and Map the Service Profile to It 95

 

 

Create Your MAPs

97

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apply a Radio Profile to Each Radio

98

 

 

What’s Next?

98

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 USING RF AUTO-TUNING WITH MODELLING

 

Overview

99

 

 

 

 

 

Add Site Information

100

 

 

Insert RF Obstacles

104

 

 

Create Your RF Coverage Area 106

 

Create a Wiring Closet

106

 

Create Your RF Coverage Area 107

 

Add MAPs

109

 

 

 

Associate MAPs to the Coverage Area 110

 

What’s Next?

112

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 USING RF PLANNING

 

 

Overview

113

 

 

 

 

 

Prepare the Floor Drawings

114

 

Define Site Information

115

 

Import a Floor Plan

120

 

Set the Scale

121

 

 

 

Clean Layout

122

 

 

 

Model RF Obstacles

125

 

 

Import a Site Survey

127

 

 

Plan RF Coverage

127

 

 

Add Wiring Closets

127

 

Create Coverage Areas

129

 

Compute and Place MAPs

134

 

Assign Channel Settings

136

 

Calculate Optimal Power

138

 

Display Coverage

 

139

 

 

Generate a Work Order

141

 

Install the Equipment

142

 

 

What’s Next?

142

 

 

 

7 MANAGING AND MONITORING YOUR NETWORK

 

Overview

143

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deploy Your Configuration

 

144

 

 

 

 

 

Perform Basic Administrative Tasks

 

146

 

 

 

Configuring WX Management Services

146

 

 

Distributing Image and Configuration Files 147

 

 

Using the Image Repository

 

148

 

 

 

Distributing System Images

148

 

 

 

Distributing WX Configuration Files

149

 

 

Saving Versions of Network Plans

150

 

 

 

Importing or Exporting Switch Configuration Files

151

 

Monitoring Examples

153

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monitor an Individual User

153

 

 

 

 

Find the User

154

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Place User on Watch List

155

 

 

 

Locate the User

155

 

 

 

 

 

 

Display User Activity

 

157

 

 

 

 

 

View Long-Term User Statistics

158

 

 

 

Monitor a Group of Users

161

 

 

 

 

Monitor a Rogue

163

 

 

 

 

 

 

Configuring Countermeasures

166

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 OPTIMIZING A NETWORK PLAN

 

 

 

 

Overview

169

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Using RF Measurements from MAPs

170

 

 

 

Using RF Measurements from an Ekahau Site Survey

172

 

Generating an Ekahau Site Survey Work Order

173

 

Importing RF Measurements from the Ekahau Site Survey 176

 

Optimizing the RF Coverage Model

179

 

 

 

Locating and Fixing Coverage Holes

181

 

 

 

Displaying the RF Coverage Area

181

 

 

 

Locking Down MAPs

183

 

 

 

 

 

Fixing a Coverage Hole

184

 

 

 

 

 

Computing and Placing New MAPs 184

 

 

Replanning Your Network

184

 

 

 

 

What’s Next? 185

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

ABOUTTHISGUIDE

This manual shows you how to plan, configure, deploy, and manage a

Mobility System wireless LAN (WLAN) using the 3Com Wireless LAN

Switch Manager (3WXM).

Read this manual if you are a network administrator or a person responsible for managing a WLAN.

If release notes are shipped with your product and the information there differs from the information in this guide, follow the instructions in the release notes.

Most user guides and release notes are available in Adobe Acrobat

Reader Portable Document Format (PDF) or HTML on the 3Com

World Wide Web site:

http://www.3com.com/

Conventions

Table 1 andTable 2 list conventions that are used throughout this guide.

 

Table 1

Notice Icons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Icon

Notice Type

Description

 

 

 

 

 

 

Information note

Information that describes important features or

 

 

 

instructions

 

 

Caution

Information that alerts you to potential loss of data or

 

 

 

potential damage to an application, system, or device

 

 

 

 

10 CHAPTER: ABOUTTHISGUIDE

This manual uses the following text and syntax conventions:

Table 2 Text Conventions

Convention

Description

 

 

Menu Name >

Indicates a menu item that you select. For example,

Command

File > New indicates that you selectNew from the File

 

menu.

 

 

Monospace text

Sets off command syntax or sample commands and system

 

responses.

 

 

Bold text

Highlights commands that you enter or items you select.

 

 

Italic text

Designates command variables that you replace with

 

appropriate values, or highlights publication titles or words

 

requiring special emphasis.

 

 

[ ] (square brackets)

Enclose optional parameters in command syntax.

 

 

{ } (curly brackets)

Enclose mandatory parameters in command syntax.

 

 

| (vertical bar)

Separates mutually exclusive options in command syntax.

 

 

Keyboard key names

If you must press two or more keys simultaneously, the key

 

names are linked with a plus sign (+). Example:

 

Press Ctrl+Alt+Del

 

 

Words in italics

Italics are used to:

 

n Emphasize a point.

n

n

Denote a new term at the place where it is defined in the text.

Highlight an example string, such as a username or SSID.

Documentation

The 3WXM documentation set includes the following documents.

 

Wireless LAN Switch Manager (3WXM) Release Notes

 

These notes provide information about the system software release,

 

including new features and bug fixes.

 

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Release Notes

 

These notes provide information about the system software release,

 

including new features and bug fixes.

 

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Quick Start Guide

 

This guide provides instructions for performing basic setup of secure

 

(802.1X) and guest (WebAAA™) access, for configuring a Mobility

 

Domain for roaming, and for accessing a sample network plan in

 

3WXM for advanced configuration and management.

Documentation Comments 11

Wireless LAN Switch Manager Reference Manual

This manual shows you how to plan, configure, deploy, and manage a

Mobility System wireless LAN (WLAN) using the 3Com Wireless LAN

Switch Manager (3WXM).

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Installation and Basic

Configuration Guide

This guide provides instructions and specifications for installing a WX wireless switch in a Mobility System WLAN, and basic instructions for deploying a secure IEEE 802.11 wireless service.

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Configuration Guide

 

This guide provides instructions for configuring and managing the

 

system through the Mobility System Software (MSS) CLI.

 

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Command Reference

 

This reference provides syntax information for all MSS commands

 

supported on WX switches.

 

 

Documentation

Your suggestions are very important to us. They will help make our

Comments

documentation more useful to you. Please e-mailcomments about this

 

document to 3Com at:

 

pddtechpubs_comments@3com.com

 

Please include the following information when contacting us:

 

Document title

 

Document part number and revision (on the title page)

 

Page number (if appropriate)

Example:

Wireless LAN Switch and Controller Configuration Guide

Part number 730-9502-0071,Revision B

Page 25

Please note that we can only respond to comments and questions about 3Com product documentation at this e-mailaddress. Questions related to Technical Support or sales should be directed in the first instance to your network supplier.

12 CHAPTER: ABOUTTHISGUIDE